Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1519
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Cho Min-Jung MJ Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
Iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare in children. Conventional management of pseudoaneurysms in adults has included surgical repair, ultrasound-guided compression, and more recently, endovascular embolization. However, in infants and children, there is little information regarding the applicability of such treatment modalities, which have been effective in adults, because of its rarity. ...
Shigeoka Hitoshi H Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, WMC 4653, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
We estimate the degree of supplier-induced demand for newborn treatment by exploiting changes in reimbursement arising from the introduction of the partial prospective payment system (PPS) in Japan. Under the partial PPS, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) utilization became relatively more profitable than other procedures, since it was excluded from ...
Buck Louis Germaine M GM Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Rockville, - - 2014
Critical data gaps remain regarding infertility treatment and child development. We assessed the utility of a birth certificate registry for developing a population cohort aimed at answering such questions. We utilised the Upstate New York livebirth registry (n = 201 063) to select births conceived with (n = 4024) infertility treatment or exposed infants, who ...
Grass Beate B Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Intensive Care Medicine and Neonatology, University Children's Hospital, Zurich, - - 2014
The diagnostic and prognostic appraisal of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants is still debatable. To compare plasma cardiovascular biomarkers with echocardiographic indices alongside ductus arteriosus (DA) evolution in very preterm infants within the first week of life. Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and C-terminal pro-endothelin-1 (CT-proET-1) levels were ...
Winterbottom Janine B JB The Walton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Lower Lane, Liverpool, UK, L9 - - 2014
The provision of preconception counselling to women with epilepsy (WWE) has become established as recommended practice and includes a review of drug treatment and the provision of information and advice on both seizure and treatment-related risks to both mother and child. In this review we assess the evidence regarding the ...
Ahlmann Martina M Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University Children's Hospital Muenster, Muenster, - - 2014
Precursor B-lymphoblastic lymphoma cells are indistinguishable by morphology and immune phenotype from lymphoblasts in acute leukemia which in infancy is associated with MLL rearrangements and a poor prognosis. The role of MLL gene deregulation in rare cases of isolated lymphoblastic lymphoma in infants is obscure. We report the case of ...
Seeringer A A Swabian Children's Cancer Center, Children's Hospital Augsburg, - - 2014
Rhabdoid tumors mainly affect infants and other very young children with a marked vulnerability towards intensive therapy such as invasive surgery, high dose chemotherapy (HDCT) and dose intense radiotherapy. Radiotherapy (RT) is a promising option in rhabdoid tumors but its application in infants remains controversial. Neurocognitive and vascular side effects ...
Tournel Gilles G Forensic Institute, School of Medicine, CHRU of Lille, rue André Verhaeghe, 59037, Lille, France; Laboratory of Forensic Toxicology, Center of Biology and Pathology, CHRU of Lille, 59037, Lille, - - 2014
A case of death attributed to methadone acute poisoning in an infant aged 11 months is reported. A sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was suspected, whereas a traumatic cause of death was excluded regarding autopsy findings. Specimens were submitted to a large toxicological analysis, which included ethanol measurement by HS-GC-FID, a ...
van Vliet Elvira Og - - 2014
Preterm birth is the most common cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Postponing delivery for 48 hours with tocolytics to allow for maternal steroid administration and antenatal transportation to a centre with neonatal intensive care unit facilities is the standard treatment for women with threatening preterm delivery in most centres. ...
Nair Jayasree J Center for Developmental Biology of the Lung, State University of New York, Buffalo, - - 2014
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a syndrome of failed circulatory adaptation at birth, seen in about 2/1000 live born infants. While it is mostly seen in term and near-term infants, it can be recognized in some premature infants with respiratory distress or bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Most commonly, PPHN ...
Tsui Irena - - 2014
Retinopathy of prematurity presents differently in developing versus developed countries, which may be due to environmental as well as racial differences. Retrospective chart review of infants screened for ROP at a single neonatal intensive care unit. Risk factors were reviewed. Main outcome measures were rates of plus disease or treatment-requiring ...
Gancia Paolo P Terapia Intensiva Neonatale-Neonatologia, ASO S. Croce e Carle, Cuneo, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Advances in neonatal intensive care have greatly improved survival rates for children born in a very early stage of lung development (i.e. less than 26 weeks of gestation). In these premature babies, even low levels of oxygen and methods of minimally invasive ventilation may disrupt the growth of the distal ...
Vandenplas Yvan Y Department of Pediatrics, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, - - 2014
The diagnosis and treatment of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is still a challenge. A systematic literature search was performed using Embase, Medline, The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials for the diagnosis and treatment of cow's milk allergy (CMA). Since none of ...
Castro-Rodriguez Jose A JA Department of Paediatrics, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of chest physiotherapy (CPT), which provides slow and long expiratory flow and assisted cough techniques, in infants receiving outpatient care for acute wheezing episodes. Forty-eight infants with moderate acute wheezing episodes were randomised to receive either salbutamol MDI with CPT (n=25) or without CPT (n=23). The ...
Mayfield Sara S Paediatric Critical Care Research Group, PICU, Mater Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
To obtain data on the safety and clinical impact of managing infants with bronchiolitis on the ward with high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) treatment. A prospective pilot study was conducted of 61 infants aged <12 months with bronchiolitis and oxygen requirement presenting to the emergency department. HFNC was commenced at 2 L/kg/min, ...
Smirk Cl C Department of Newborn Services, Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, - - 2014
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a drug withdrawal syndrome, secondary to in utero chemical exposure and characterised by tremor, irritability and feed intolerance. It often requires prolonged hospital treatment and separation of families. Outpatient therapy may reduce this burden, but current literature is sparse. This review aimed to evaluate the ...
Jeon Ga Won GW Department of Pediatrics, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Systemic fungal infection continues to be a major cause of mortality in extremely low-birth-weight premature infants. Amphotericin B has been recommended as the primary treatment; however, its use is limited due to drug-induced nephrotoxicity and amphotericin B-resistant candidemia. Caspofungin therapy was initiated in seven extremely premature infants at 23 and ...
Shiau Stephanie S Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2014
The recent case report of an HIV-infected child in Mississippi with viral control post-antiretroviral therapy (ART) interruption has sparked interest in the possibility of 'functional cure' in infants if they initiate ART very soon after birth. The 'Mississippi baby' also raises many new questions around the clinical care of HIV-infected ...
Niver Danielle D Columbia University School of Nursing, New - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for premature infants. Currently, most treatment strategies are mainly palliative and do not address the underlying structural changes of the lungs leading to the symptoms. New research and ongoing experiments with mesenchymal stem cells are showing capabilities ...
Bissinger Robin L RL College of Nursing (Dr Bissinger) and Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics (Dr Koch), Medical University of South Carolina, - - 2014
Nonlethal Escobar is a rare disorder that is a variant of multiple pterygium syndromes. It is a form of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita characterized by excessive webbing (pterygia), congenital contractures (arthrogryposis), and scoliosis. It is usually diagnosed in utero on fetal ultrasound and then confirmed in the neonatal period. A case ...
St-Jules David E DE Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Science, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawai'i (DES, - - 2014
The use of fish oil-based lipid emulsions (FOLE) in the treatment of intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) remains investigational. Additional evidence for safety and efficacy, particularly in the neonatal and pediatric populations, is needed. Retrospective chart review was conducted on 10 infants with short bowel syndrome who received FOLE for ...
McNeil Kathleen K Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, IWK Health Center, Halifax, Nova - - 2014
Vitamin B12 deficiency is very rare in infants and may lead to serious hematological and neurodevelopmental abnormalities. The present article describes a case involving a seven-month-old boy with severe vitamin B12 deficiency, likely caused by juvenile pernicious anemia, an entity rarely described. The child presented with feeding intolerance, poor growth ...
Romagnoli Costantino - - 2014
Hyperbilirubinaemia is one of the most frequent problems in otherwise healthy newborn infants. Early discharge of the healthy newborn infants, particularly those in whom breastfeeding is not fully established, may be associated with delayed diagnosis of significant hyperbilirubinaemia that has the potential for causing severe neurological impairments. We present the ...
Ramsauer Brigitte - - 2014
Psychopathology in women after childbirth represents a significant risk factor for parenting and infant mental health. Regarding child development, these infants are at increased risk for developing unfavorable attachment strategies to their mothers and for subsequent behavioral, emotional and cognitive impairments throughout childhood. To date, the specific efficacy of an ...
Jørgensen Jan Stener JS University of Southern Denmark, Clinical Institute, Odense University Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics , Odense , Denmark +45 65415154 ; +45 24850214 ; - - 2014
While tocolytic therapy may not be indicated in all cases of spontaneous preterm labor (SPTL), the evidence that they are superior to placebo is robust. The perfect tocolytic that is 100% efficacious and 100% safe does not exist and efforts should continue to develop and introduce safer and more effective ...
Yoshida Kayo K Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Background: Since diazoxide was approved for clinical use in Japan in 2008, its prescription for the treatment of infants with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HIH) has rapidly expanded. Concomitantly, reports of complications associated with diazoxide are increasing. Objectives: To clarify the trends and problems associated with the treatment of infants with HIH, ...
Chen Yen-Ju YJ Department of Pediatrics, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chiayi, - - 2014
Nebulized hypertonic saline (HS) treatment reduced the length of hospitalization in infants with acute bronchiolitis in a previous meta-analysis. However, there was no reduction in the admission rate. We hypothesized that nebulized HS treatment might significantly decrease both the duration and the rate of hospitalization if more randomized controlled trials ...
Poralla Christine C Departments of - - 2014
Generalized lymphangiectasia is a rare congenital disorder characterized by dilated lymphatic vessels with a fatal prognosis, especially in cases with thoracic involvement. We describe the use of propranolol in the therapy of generalized lymphangiectasia in a preterm infant with hydrops fetalis. Propranolol was well tolerated and effective within the first ...
Rhein Lawrence M LM Newborn Medicine and Respiratory Diseases, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Preterm infants have immature respiratory control and resulting intermittent hypoxia (IH). The extent of IH after stopping routine caffeine treatment and the potential for reducing IH with extended caffeine treatment are unknown. OBJECTIVES To determine (1) the frequency of IH in premature infants after discontinuation of routine caffeine treatment ...
Kahveci Hasan H Division of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Erzurum District Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, - - 2014
This study was performed to examine the effectiveness and safety of oral sildenafil and inhaled iloprost in term newborns with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Oral sildenafil and inhaled iloprost were administered to 27 and 20 neonates, respectively, for treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension. All patients were term ...
Ha Jae-Won JW Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Center for Food and Bioconvergence, and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the synergistic bactericidal effects of the simultaneous application of near-infrared (NIR) heating and UV irradiation against Cronobacter sakazakii in powdered infant formula and to determine the effect on quality by measuring color changes and performing sensory evaluation. A cocktail of C. sakazakii ...
Ersbøll As A Department of Obstetrics, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To investigate the effect on fetal growth of treatment with oral beta-blockers during pregnancy in women with congenital or acquired heart disease. Historical matched cohort study. Centre for Pregnant Women with Heart Disease, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark. A cohort of 175 women with heart disease, grouped according to beta-blocker treatment, ...
Occhipinti Federica F Department of Paediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Echocardiographic flow patterns of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are useful to predict the development of haemodynamically significant ductus in premature infants. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations seem to be useful to detect PDA. We investigated how NT-proBNP levels change on the basis of different flow patterns during ...
Gower Shelley S 1School of Nursing and Midwifery, Curtin University, Bentley, Perth, WA, - - 2014
Background:Buprenorphine has been available in Australia since 2000 as an alternative pharmacotherapy to methadone for the treatment of opioid dependence. However, there is little information in the literature regarding the effect of buprenorphine on the wellbeing of infants exposed to buprenorphine via breast milk, following discharge from hospital.Objective:The aim of ...
Stranak Zbynek Z Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Podolske Nabrezi 157, 147 00, Prague 4, Czech Republic, - - 2014
Hypotension is a commonly diagnosed and treated complication of extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGAN), but enormous variation in diagnosis, management and clinical practice has been documented. We sought to evaluate practice regarding the management of hypotension in ELGANs and developed a web-based questionnaire addressing diagnosis, intervention thresholds and modes ...
Hösli Irène I Committee for Quality Assurance, Swiss Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Inselspital, Effingerstrasse 102, 3010, Bern, - - 2014
Tocolysis is an important treatment in the improvement of outcome in preterm labor and preterm birth, provided that its use follows clear evidence-based recommendations. In this expert opinion, the most recent evidence about efficacy and side effects of different tocolytics is being reviewed and evidence-based recommendation about diagnosis and treatment ...
Premkumar Muralidhar H MH Division of Neonatology, - - 2014
We previously reported the beneficial effect of fish oil-based lipid emulsions (FOLEs) as monotherapy in the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). In this report, we share our ongoing experience at Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas in the use of FOLE in treatment of PNALD as presented at the ...
Bjornson Candice C Division of Hospital Pediatrics, The University of Calgary, Calgary, AB Canada ; Alberta Children's Hospital, Room C3-208, 2888 Shaganappi Trail NW, Calgary, AB T2B 6A8 - - 2014
An infant with esophageal atresia (EA) had delayed diagnosis of proximal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and severe tracheomalacia. We recommend bronchoscopy via laryngeal mask or rigid bronchoscopy to rule out associated TEF in infants diagnosed with esophageal atresia, as flexible bronchoscopy via endotracheal tube may not provide complete visualization of the ...
Mortada Maya - - 2014
Influenza is a highly contagious virus that causes an average of 20,000 hospitalizations a year in children under five years of age. As of March 30, 2013, the 2012-2013 flu season had seen 111 pediatric deaths, with 21 deaths in the 0- to 23-month-old range. Rates of influenza-associated hospitalization are ...
Kotecha R S RS 1] Department of Haematology and Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, Australia [2] Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia [3] School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants has a significantly inferior outcome in comparison with older children. Despite initial improvements in survival of infants with ALL since establishment of the first pediatric cooperative group ALL trials, the poor outcome has plateaued in recent years. Historically, infants were treated on risk-adapted childhood ...
Belen Burcu B Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Gaziantep Childrens' Hospital, Gaziantep, - - 2014
Infantile haemangiomas, benign vascular tumours seen in 4-10% of infants are characterised by their spontaneous remission following a 3-9 month period of dynamic growth. Propranolol has been reported to be used as a successful treatment of severe symptomatic infantile haemangiomas. Hyperkalaemia has not been recognised as a serious effect of propranolol ...
Uchida Atsuro A 0000-0002-1378-7151 Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, - - 2014
Aim. To find predictive and indicative markers of risk for development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and its progression to the stage requiring laser treatment, in premature infants whose gestational age (GA) was under 33 weeks. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 197 premature infants born in 2005-2010 whose ...
Gaffuri Marcella M Department of Paediatrics, Neonatal and Paediatric Intensive Care, Verona, - - 2014
We report a case of posterior non-arteritic ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) causing bilateral visual loss in a 7-month-old female infant, after a therapeutic course with sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i). The patient was affected by a complex cyanotic congenital heart defect and had undergone cavopulmonary anastomosis (Glenn operation) ...
Sivathanu Shobhana S Department of Pediatrics, ESI-PGIMSR, Chennai, Tamilnadu, - - 2014
A developmentally normal infant presented with repeated episodes of afebrile status epilepticus following nutmeg ingestion. He had developed two episodes of afebrile status epilepticus and had received different treatments earlier, but the details of treatment were not available. On admission, he redeveloped convulsions and loading doses of phenytoin, phenobarbitone and ...
Turner Tiffany L TL Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an important respiratory pathogen in infants and children worldwide. Although RSV typically causes mild upper respiratory infections, it frequently causes severe morbidity and mortality, especially in premature infants and children with other chronic diseases. Treatment of RSV is limited by a lack of effective antiviral ...
Surprenant Dominique D Rehabilitation Patient Service Unit, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Referrals for torticollis/plagiocephaly have increased dramatically because of "Back to Sleep" campaigns and front-line staff becoming more proficient at recognition and referral to physiotherapy. These infants generally respond well to early intervention so longer waitlists raise concern about clinical outcomes due to delay. Therapists developed a group-based, team service delivery ...
Xu Q Q JiaXing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, JiaXing, ZheJiang, China - - 2014
Congenital epiglottic cyst is a rare embryonic disease. As a congenital laryngeal mucocele, its clinical manifestations include repeated sudden dyspneic respiration and even suffocation accompanied by laryngeal stridor after birth. During food intake, bucking and vomiting is a key feature. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of the disease affects growth ...
Natawidjaja Ronald R Alam Sehat Lestari Clinic, West Kalimantan, Borneo, - - 2014
Infantile haemangiomas affect approximately 5% of the population and usually do not require treatment. However, complex cutaneous haemangiomas can cause disabling disfigurement, while haemangiomas in the brain, airway or gastrointestinal tract can cause life-threatening complications. Although children with infantile haemangiomas are often first brought to general practitioners and paediatricians by ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2013
Objectives: This randomized controlled pilot trial was conducted to evaluate the clinical efficacy of massage therapy (MT) for relief of symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The hypothesis was that, when compared to infants who received nonmassage therapy, infants who received MT would display fewer GERD symptoms, greater weight gain, ...
Chock Valerie Y VY Divisions of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, - - 2013
Background:Preterm infants with a PDA are at risk for death or development of BPD. However, PDA treatment remains controversial. We investigated if PDA treatment and other clinical or echocardiographic (ECHO) factors were associated with the development of death or BPD.Methods:We retrospectively studied clinical and ECHO characteristics of preterm infants with ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >