Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1463
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Liao Hua-Fang - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Comprehensive Developmental Inventory for Infants and Toddlers (CDIIT) is a new developmental test designed in Taiwan and lacks concurrent validity information. This study investigated the concurrent validity of the CDIIT with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II (BSID-II) in preterm infants aged 6-18 and 21-40 months, ...
Baranek Grace T - - 2005
This study utilized retrospective video analysis to distinguish sensory-motor patterns in infants with fragile X syndrome (FXS) (n = 11) from other infants [i.e., autism (n = 11), other developmental delay (n = 10), typical (n = 11)] at 9-12 months of age. Measures of development, autistic features, and FMRP ...
Newcomer Karen L - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to examine the sensitivity, reliability, and concurrent validity of the Patient-rated Forearm Evaluation Questionnaire (PRFEQ). Reliability on three consecutive days was evaluated with 22 of 94 subjects who had chronic lateral epicondylitis (LE) and who concomitantly participated in an outcome study. The PRFEQ results ...
Liao Hua-Fang - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reliability information for the Comprehensive Developmental Inventory for Infants and Toddlers diagnostic (CDIITDT) and screening tests (CDIITST) is inadequate. AIM: To assess the test-retest and inter-rater reliability of the CDIITDT and CDIITST. STUDY DESIGN: A repeated measures design was selected. SUBJECTS: Non-disabled term (n=15; mean age 8.4+/-1.6 months) and ...
Gücüyener Kivilcim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener (BINS) for the neurodevelopmental follow up of high-risk preterms. METHODS: The study group consisted of 122 preterm infants of the gestational ages between 26 and 37 weeks. Medical factors such as; mean birth weight, gestational age, gender, birth place ...
Ferro Giorgia - - 2005
Epidemiological research about disasters is difficult to perform. Most often, it must be completed retrospectively, since data collection may not be feasible or possible during the disaster. Now, there is a recognized need for a standard method to assess the severity of a disaster. The aim of this paper is ...
Marshall Guillermo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a model for very low birth weight (VLBW) neonatal mortality prediction, based on commonly available data at birth, in 16 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) from five South American countries. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively collected biodemographic data from the Neonatal del Cono Sur (NEOCOSUR) Network between ...
Loo Kek Khee - - 2005
The authors examined the relationship between newborn neurobehavioral profiles and the characteristics of early mother-infant interaction in Nagasaki, Japan. The authors administered the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS; T. B. Brazelton & J. K. Nugent, 1995) in the newborn period and the Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scale at 1 ...
Badr Lina Kurdahi - - 2006
A randomized clinical trail (RCT) employed a 12-month individualized cognitive/sensorimotor stimulation program to look at the efficacy of the intervention on 62 infants with suspected brain injury. The control group infants received the State-funded follow-up program provided by the Los Angeles (LA) Regional Centers while the intervention group received intensive ...
Yeo C L - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: To determine whether chronic lung disease (CLD) influences specific aspects of motor development in infancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine very low birthweight infants with CLD at 36 weeks' post-conceptional age and 31 infants without CLD were evaluated at 8 months' and 24 months' corrected age using the Neurosensory Motor ...
Huber Philippe - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Examinations based on using standardised patients (SPs) commonly use checklist recordings to evaluate students' clinical performance. This paper examines whether and to what extent item and rater characteristics affect the reliability of history checklist recording in an SP-based assessment. METHODS: Checklist items were reviewed for the presence or absence ...
Kapp-Simon Kathleen A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cognitive and language development of untreated infants with a single suture craniosynostosis at time of diagnosis. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The study presents time 1 assessments on the first 100 infants with a single suture craniosynostosis (sagittal, metopic, unilateral coronal, and lambdoid) referred to the Infant Learning ...
Gutiérrez-Zotes J A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The short version of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R), the TCI-140, is presented. This study aimed: a) to obtain the psychometric properties of TCI-140; b) to analyze the relationship with the normal version of the TCI-R, and c) to study its convergent validity with the MMPI-2 PSY-5. METHOD: ...
Majnemer Annette - - 2005
This study aimed to determine whether supine sleep-positioned infants have delayed motor skills at age 4 and 6 months, and if delays are associated with decreased exposure to prone position. One 4 and one 6-month-old sample of healthy infants born at term were recruited. Motor assessments included the Peabody Developmental ...
Hintz Susan R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Increased survival rates for extremely preterm, extremely low birth weight infants during the postsurfactant era have been reported, but data on changes in neurosensory and developmental impairments are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To compare neuromotor and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 to 22 months' corrected age for infants of <25 weeks' estimated ...
Lowe Jean - - 2005
The purposes of this study were to compare the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID-II) scores at 8 and 18-22 months adjusted age of a cohort of 47 extremely low birth weight infants and to determine whether there was an association between changes in test scores and infant behavior as ...
Blauw-Hospers Cornill H - - 2005
We present a systematic review on the effect of early intervention, starting between birth and a corrected age of 18 months, on motor development in infants at high risk for, or with, developmental motor disorders. Thirty-four studies fulfilled the selection criteria. Seventeen studies were performed within the neonatal intensive care ...
Keilty Bonnie - - 2005
Infants born extremely premature are increasing in incidence and survival rates. This longitudinal study examined caregiver-child interaction in a new generation of extremely premature infants. Caregiver-child interaction and child developmental status were assessed in 41 primary caregivers and their infants at three periods (9-13 and 21-25 months adjusted age and ...
Johnson S - - 2005
AIMS: To test the effectiveness of a home based developmental education intervention in improving outcome at 5 years for very preterm infants. METHODS: The Avon Premature Infant Project (APIP) is a randomised controlled trial in which the parents of 284 babies born <33 weeks gestational age received a developmental education ...
d'Orsi Eleonora - - 2005
This study aims to compare neonatal characteristics and socioeconomic conditions in Rio de Janeiro city neighborhoods in order to identify priority areas for intervention. The study design was ecological. Two databases were used: the Brazilian Population Census and the Live Birth Information System, aggregated by neighborhoods. Spatial analysis, multivariate cluster ...
Verma Anila - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Few tools have been optimised for use over the entire spectrum of neonatal morbidity and standardised for use in perinatal population and community health studies. The objective of this study was to determine the performance profile of the recently developed morbidity assessment index for newborns (MAIN score). This score ...
Hedberg Asa - - 2005
Little is known about the development of postural adjustments during early ontogeny. We examined postural adjustments due to sudden perturbations during sitting in 40 healthy term infants (28 males, 12 females) assessed in groups of eight at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 months of age. Surface electromyograms of neck, ...
Warschausky Seth - - 2005
The purpose of this archival descriptive study was to examine the associations among craniosynostosis, perinatal risk factors or complications, and early cognitive development in infants diagnosed with craniosynostosis before they underwent surgery, to provide a greater empirical basis for surgical decision making and other early interventions. Specifically, it was hypothesized ...
Edwards Sara L - - 2005
Identifying infant and child developmental delay is a skill important for orthopaedic surgeons to master because they often are asked to distinguish between normal and abnormal movement. An emphasis has been placed on early detection and referral for intervention, which has been shown to enhance the lives of the infant ...
Taylor A - - 2005
Some mothers find it hard to relate to their new baby, and such failure may have long-term effects on the infant. This has been a neglected area of research. A new simple 8 item self-rating mother-to-infant bonding questionnaire has been designed to assess the feelings of a mother towards her ...
Finster Mieczyslaw - - 2005
In 1953, Virginia Apgar, M.D. published her proposal for a new method of evaluation of the newborn infant. The avowed purpose of this paper was to establish a simple and clear classification of newborn infants which can be used to compare the results of obstetric practices, types of maternal pain ...
Tiffany K F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Infants with neonatal herpes, classified as central nervous system or disseminated disease, have a high incidence of moderate and severe neurologic deficits despite standard acute therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Following completion of parenteral therapy, infants with central nervous system and/or disseminated disease received 2 years of continuous oral acyclovir therapy. ...
- - 2005
Various definitions of arousals have been used in infants. An international group of experts has worked on a consensus for the scoring of arousals in healthy infants, aged between 1 and 6 months. This opinion paper summarizes the consensus statement on the scoring of arousal. The paper reviews recommended techniques ...
Harding David R - - 2005
ABSTRACT : BACKGROUND : Raised activity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may both amplify inflammatory and free radical responses and decrease tissue metabolic efficiency and thus enhance cerebral injury in the preterm infant. The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) DD genotype is associated with raised ACE and RAS activity as well as ...
Austin Marie-Paule - - 2005
AIMS: To assess whether links exist between maternal trait anxiety (STAI), perceived life event (LE) stress and depression (Edinburgh scale) and infant temperament. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Women in the third trimester of pregnancy returned psychological self-report questionnaires; infant temperament was evaluated at 4 and 6 months by maternal and ...
Koldewijn Karen - - 2005
In this pilot study we investigated the feasibility of The Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP) in a group of preterm infants. At the age of 6 months, the neurobehavioural organization and self-regulatory competence of an intervention group was compared with a control group who had received the standard ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2005
CONCLUSIONS: No abnormalities, with the exception of maturational changes, in BAER were found during the neonatal period. The results suggest that a temporary low Apgar score is not accompanied by any significant auditory impairment. OBJECTIVE: To examine brainstem auditory function in newborn infants with a temporary low Apgar score but ...
Adler Lenard A - - 2005
The standardization of ADHD ratings in adults is important given their differing symptom presentation. The authors investigated the agreement and reliability of rater standardization in a large-scale trial of atomoxetine in adults with ADHD. Training of 91 raters for the investigator-administered ADHD Rating Scale (ADHDRS-IV-Inv) occurred prior to initiation of ...
Deering Shad H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE:. To determine if antepartum administration of magnesium sulfate affects the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology (SNAP). METHODS: We reviewed a database of consecutive preterm admissions to our neonatal intensive care unit over a 12-month period. Information on delivery indication, magnesium sulfate use, betamethasone administration, neonatal SNAP scores, neonatal serum ...
Thies Carsten - - 2005
Analyses at multiple spatial scales may show how important ecosystem services such as biological control are determined by processes acting on the landscape scale. We examined cereal aphid-parasitoid interactions in wheat fields in agricultural landscapes differing in structural complexity (32-100% arable land). Complex landscapes were associated with increased aphid mortality ...
Snider Laurie - - 2005
In this nonrandomized, prospective cohort study, the construct validity of the Neurobehavioral Assessment of the Preterm Infant (NAPI) was examined by comparing it with measures of neonatal physiological status. A cohort of preterm infants (n = 37) was tested repetitively at 32 and 36 weeks post-conceptional age (PCA) to determine ...
Cameron Emma C - - 2005
PURPOSE: A randomized controlled clinical trial was used to investigate effects of physical therapy (PT) intervention on motor outcome of infants born very preterm with very low birth weight (VLBW). METHODS: Seventy-two infants born very preterm with VLBW were randomly assigned to a nontreatment (NT) (n = 38) or treatment ...
Majnemer Annette - - 2005
Neonatal neurobehavioral assessments describe a newborn's spontaneous behavioural repertoire and observable responses to environmental stimuli. Infant developmental assessments document the range of developmental skills that emerge and develop over the first years of life. This review highlights two neonatal assessments (Einstein Neonatal Neurobehavioral Assessment Scale, Neurobehavioral Assessment of the Preterm ...
Morganti B - - 2005
Retrospective examination. To compare the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury (WISCI) and current scales for their sensitivity to walking changes in subjects with a spinal cord lesion (SCL) and further validate the WISCI for use in clinical trails. A large rehabilitation hospital in the center of Italy. Retrospective review ...
Spence Kaye - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate a clinician-friendly pain assessment tool for all groups of critically ill infants cared for in the specific neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) studied. DESIGN: A prospective study was undertaken to test the Pain Assessment Tool (PAT). Interrater reliability of the PAT ...
Rose Rachel Unanue - - 2005
PURPOSE: The responsiveness of the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) was examined in infants born preterm. Infant variables predictive of changes in TIMP scores were also identified. METHODS: Twenty-five infants born <or=30 weeks' gestational age were assigned a risk score and administered the TIMP at 32 and 36 weeks ...
Gaultney Jane F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Correlations between infant measures of information processing and later IQ have been established, and a few studies have extended this continuum by examining links between various fetal measures and cognitive measures during infancy. AIMS: This study compared fetal rate of behavioral habituation among infants identified as at high or ...
Gagliardo Heloisa G R G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare visual function and fine-motor control of full-term infants small-for-gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA), in the first three months. METHOD: We evaluated prospectively 31 infants in the 1st month; 33 in the 2nd and 34 infants in the 3rd month, categorized as full-term; birth ...
Ozer Esra Arun - - 2004
Scoring systems that predict the risk of mortality for children in an intensive care unit (ICU) are needed for the evaluation of the effectiveness of pediatric intensive care. The Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) and the Pediatric Index of Mortality (PIM) scores have been developed to predict mortality among children ...
Zhou Qingxiang - - 2004
A mutant of Bombyx mori has wings with few scales and is named scaleless. We investigated the morphology of this mutant and found that it had many fewer wing scales than the corresponding wild type (WT) silkworm and that the remaining scales were smaller in shape with fewer furcations. Reciprocal ...
Ohgi S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of an early intervention programme (EIP) on low birthweight infants with cerebral injuries. METHODS: Subjects were 23 high-risk low birthweight infants (periventricular leukomalacia 15, intraventricular haemorrhage 5, both 3) receiving care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Nagasaki University Hospital. Subjects were randomly ...
Miller-Loncar Cynthia - - 2005
The current study examined the pattern of motor development across the first 18 months of life in infants with in utero exposure to cocaine to determine how prenatal drug effects and level of exposure relates to motor development. Motor development was examined at 1, 4, 12, and 18 months of ...
Gluckman Peter D - - 2005
The developmental origins of health and disease can be understood by reference to the fundamentals of developmental plasticity. It is essential to distinguish between those environmental effects acting during development that are disruptive from those that have adaptive value. The latter are likely to underpin programming and the developmental origins ...
Gerber V - - 2004
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Endoscopic scoring of airway mucus quantity and quality has not been critically assessed. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mucus scores for 1) observer- and horse-related variance and 2) association with inflammation, mucus viscoelasticity and measured volume. METHODS: Variance of scoring within and between observers and over time within ...
Chen Chih-Cheng - - 2004
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is one of the most commonly seen neuropathologic lesions and is related to many neurodevelopmental handicaps in premature infants. Periventricular echogenicities (PVE) are considered to be at the milder end of the spectrum of PVL, and thus might affect the neurodevelopment of the preterm infants as well. ...
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