Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1530
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Spittle A J - - 2007
Infants born preterm are at increased risk of developing cognitive and motor impairments compared with infants born at term. Early developmental interventions have been used in the clinical setting with the aim of improving the overall functional outcome for these infants. However, the benefit of these programs remains unclear. To ...
Iverson Jana M - - 2007
In this study we examined early motor, vocal, and communicative development in a group of younger siblings of children diagnosed with autism (Infant Siblings). Infant Siblings and no-risk comparison later-born infants were videotaped at home with a primary caregiver each month from 5 to 14 months, with follow-up at 18 ...
Zupancic John A F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Our specific objectives were (1) to document the performance of the revised Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology and the revised Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology Perinatal Extension in predicting death in the Vermont Oxford Network, compared with published normative values; (2) to determine whether this performance could be improved ...
Hiscock Harriet - - 2007
To determine whether a community-delivered intervention targeting infant sleep problems improves infant sleep and maternal well-being and to report the costs of this approach to the healthcare system. Cluster randomised trial. 49 Maternal and Child Health (MCH) centres (clusters) in Melbourne, Australia. 328 mothers reporting an infant sleep problem at ...
Visconti Karen J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Regional low-flow perfusion of the brain is a bypass technique commonly used during stage 1 reconstruction in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related variants. The neurodevelopmental outcome of these children is unknown. METHODS: Twenty-nine infants (22 boys, 7 girls) with hypoplastic left heart syndrome or variant requiring ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2006
AIM: To examine the relationship between neonatal auditory function and Apgar score in term infants with depressed Apgar scores. METHODS: Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) was recorded on day 3 after birth in term infants who had Apgar scores < or = 7 at 1 and/or 5 min. Half of ...
Costeloe K - - 2006
The principal objective of the EPICure studies was to determine both short- and long-term outcomes of extremely preterm birth. Data were collected for all births before 26 completed weeks of gestation in the UK and Republic of Ireland for 10 months in 1995. Of 811 infants admitted to neonatal units, ...
Reilly Sheena - - 2006
AIM: To describe changes in infant prelinguistic communication skills between 8 and 12 months, and identify factors associated with those skills. METHODS: DESIGN: Parent questionnaire data for a prospective population-based cohort of infants in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 1911 infants born November 2002-August 2003. OUTCOME: Infant communication (Communication and Symbolic ...
Brummett Beverly H BH Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Box 2969, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2006
To examine a measure of explanatory style, the Optimism-Pessimism (PSM) scale derived from college-entry Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory scores, as a predictor of all-cause mortality. A total of 7007 students entering the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory during the mid-1960s. Of those ...
Pillekamp F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Apnea and bradycardia of prematurity (ABP) are possible risks towards damage of the developing brain. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the influence of neonatal factors on ABP and to determine the relationship of ABP to neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: ABP was described in very low birth weight infants (n = 83) using ...
Nakamura Yu - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Japanese version of the Clinician's Interview-Based Impression of Change plus Caregiver Input (CIBIC-plus J) consists of 3 subscales: Disability Assessment of Dementia Scale (DAD), Behavioral Pathology in Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale (Behave-AD), and Mental Function Impairment Scale (MENFIS), as well as the Clinician's Global Impression of Change (CGIC). ...
van Haastert I C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To systematically examine gross motor development in the first 18 months of life of preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 800 preterm infants (356 boys), ages between 1 and 18 months and corrected for degree of prematurity, were assessed with the use of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale. ...
Forjaz Maria João - - 2006
This article is the second of a two-part series concerning the metric properties of the following three Parkinson's disease (PD) scales: modified Hoehn and Yahr staging (H&Y), Schwab and England (S&E), and Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) 3.0. Part II focuses on construct and content validity. To assess construct ...
Majnemer Annette - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare motor performance in infants sleeping in prone versus supine positions. STUDY DESIGN: Healthy 4-month-olds (supine: n = 71, prone: n = 12) and 6-month olds (supine: n = 50, prone: n = 22) were evaluated with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) and Peabody Developmental Motor Scale ...
Campos Denise - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the degree of agreement between a score for screening and another for diagnosis of motor development in 6-month old infants and to define the most appropriate cutoff point for screening. METHODS: A sectional study, enrolling asymptomatic full term newborns with gestational ages from 37 to 41 weeks, ...
Roberts G - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Premature and low birth weight children have a high prevalence of academic difficulties. This study examines a model comprised of cumulative risk factors that allows early identification of these difficulties. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a large cohort of premature (<37 weeks gestation) and LBW ...
Orathinkal Jose - - 2007
This study examined the reliability, construct validity, and factor pattern of the Dutch version of the Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI) in a sample of 731 respondents (heterosexually married adults, 359 males and 372 females) in Belgium. The Cronbach alpha for EFI total (.98) and all its subscales, Positive Affect (PA) ...
Han Jintae - - 2007
A new discrimination method called the score-moment combined linear discrimination analysis (SMC-LDA) has been developed and its performance has been evaluated using three practical spectroscopic datasets. The key concept of SMC-LDA was to use not only the score from principal component analysis (PCA), but also the moment of the spectrum, ...
Deulofeut R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate and severity of short- and long-term morbidity in very low birth weight infants treated before and after the implementation of a change in clinical practice designed to avoid hyperoxia. METHODS: Analysis of a prospectively collected database of all infants < or = 1250 g admitted ...
O'Donnell Colm P F - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess interobserver variability of Apgar scores assigned with video recordings of neonatal resuscitation (AS(video)) and compare the scores assigned by observers of videos to the Apgar score given by staff attending the delivery (AS(del)). STUDY DESIGN: Ten-second clips of 30 newborns taken at 5 minutes were shown to ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2006
CONCLUSION: Term infants with a low Apgar score have cochlear impairment, mainly at the frequencies 1-3 kHz. Compared with infants with both a low Apgar score and hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy we reported before, the impairment is less severe. OBJECTIVE: To detect any peripheral impairment of cochlear origin in infants with a ...
Chen Li-Chiou - - 2007
The transition from sitting to walking is a major motor milestone for the developing postural system. This study examined whether this transition to walking impacts the previously established posture (i.e., sitting). Nine infants were examined monthly from sitting onset until 9 months post-walking. Infants sat on a saddle-shape chair either ...
Bierer Ryann - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Erythropoietin therapy is effective in decreasing transfusions to varying degrees in preterm infants. Recent animal studies using erythropoietin doses to achieve serum concentrations > 1000 mU/mL report neuroprotective effects. We evaluated the relationship between erythropoietin concentrations and neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely low birth weight infants. METHODS: Preterm infants who ...
Jones Spencer S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) overcrowding has become a frequent topic of investigation. Despite a significant body of research, there is no standard definition or measurement of ED crowding. Four quantitative scales for ED crowding have been proposed in the literature: the Real-time Emergency Analysis of Demand Indicators (READI), the Emergency ...
Nagaya Ken - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no nutritional indices to predict cognitive function in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. OBJECTIVE: To assess the neonatal blood urea nitrogen (BUN) values in ELBW infants according to their cognitive function at the corrected age of 36 months. METHODS: This was a retrospective study that assessed the ...
Conom D Heicher - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report Bayley scores of 572 twenty-four-month corrected age infants whose birth weights (BWs) were less than 1500 g cared for in a Community Level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) between 1990 and 2002 when surfactant was routinely used. STUDY DESIGN: Survival, "normal" defined as both Mental Developmental ...
Ricci D - - 2006
The Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination was performed in 24 infants with cystic periventricular leukomalacia whose gestational age ranged between 26-38 weeks. The infants were examined between 6 and 9.5 months corrected age. The aim of the study was to establish the different patterns of neurological abnormality as well as the ...
- - 2006
The Apgar score provides a convenient shorthand for reporting the status of the newborn infant and the response to resuscitation. The Apgar score has been used inappropriately to predict specific neurologic outcome in the term infant. There are no consistent data on the significance of the Apgar score in preterm ...
Khan Naila Z - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to determine neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants followed by a multidisciplinary team in a tertiary hospital in Bangladesh. METHODS: Infants <33 weeks' gestational age were serially assessed for neurodevelopment by physicians and developmental psychologists. An estimate of "low," "moderate," or "high" risk for ...
Sun Yuelian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: New evidence suggests that advanced paternal age is a reproductive hazard, but we do not know whether paternal age affects the physical conditions of newborn infants as measured by the Apgar score. METHODS: We conducted a register-based cohort study of 70,347 couples and their first singleton infants by using ...
Sekar Kris - - 2006
The use of mechanical ventilation for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in low birth weight infants may cause barotrauma, volutrauma, and chronic lung disease. Different continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivery systems exist, each with its own practical and clinical advantages and disadvantages. CPAP can be used as ...
Chaudhari Sudha - - 2006
Neurodevelopmental assessment in the first year of life is important for determining presence or absence of brain damage. Assessment of passive tone is essential for planning interventional therapy. One hundred infants with a normal antenatal, natal and perinatal course were prospectively followed up for one year. Social smile had appeared ...
Donnellan M Brent - - 2006
The Mini-IPIP, a 20-item short form of the 50-item International Personality Item Pool-Five-Factor Model measure (Goldberg, 1999), was developed and validated across five studies. The Mini-IPIP scales, with four items per Big Five trait, had consistent and acceptable internal consistencies across five studies (= at or well above .60), similar ...
Restiffe Ana Paula - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the need of chronological age correction according to the degree of prematurity, when assessing gross motor development in preterm infants, during the first year of life. METHOD: Cohort, observational and prospective study. Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) was used to evaluate 43 preterm infants with low risk ...
Grunau Ruth E - - 2006
In this preliminary study, it was examined whether capacity to react to external stress (acute pain) during neonatal intensive care predicts later neuromotor development at 4 and 8 months corrected chronological age (CCA) in high-risk preterm infants. Behavioural and cardiac reactivity to blood collection at 32 weeks postconceptional age (PCA) ...
Brockington I F - - 2006
This is a validation of a self-rating questionnaire designed to detect disorders of the mother-infant relationship. 125 subjects filled in the questionnaire, and were also interviewed using the 5(th) Edition of the Birmingham Interview for Maternal Mental Health. On the basis of these interviews and the case records, we made ...
Kleinman Leah - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is frequently experienced by infants, and disease-specific measures are needed to evaluate treatment benefits. We revised the Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire (I-GERQ) on the basis of information from parents of infants with GERD and physicians and subjected it to a psychometric evaluation. METHODS: ...
- - 2006
The Apgar score provides a convenient shorthand for reporting the status of the newborn infant and the response to resuscitation. The Apgar score has been used inappropriately to predict specific neurologic outcome in the term infant. There are no consistent data on the significance of the Apgar score in preterm ...
Nakajima Sonomi - - 2006
Several studies have shown that prenatal and/or postnatal background-level exposure to environmental chemicals, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxins, induces adverse effects on the neurodevelopment of children. However, other studies have not detected any harmful influences on neurodevelopment. Furthermore, except in western countries, no developmental tests have been carried ...
Hogan Linda - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how often low 5-min Apgar scores (AS(5-min)) at term are associated with asphyxia. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort- and case-control study, including all 183 term infants with AS(5-min) below 7 born at Lund University Hospital during 1993-2002, antepartum deaths excluded. The control group included 183 randomly selected term ...
Alkon Abbey - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized protocol to measure preejection period (PEP), a measure of sympathetic nervous system, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a measure of parasympathetic nervous system, during resting and challenging states for 6- and 12-month-old infants and to determine developmental changes and individual ...
Gianní M L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several studies report increased minor neurodevelopment dysfunctions in children born very low birth weight (VLBW). Usefulness of preventive early intervention programs to improve neurodevelopment outcome of VLBW infants is still under investigation. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of an early post-discharge developmental mother-child intervention program on neurodevelopment outcome at ...
Chaimongkol Nujjaree N - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of Thai versions of the Maternal Behavior Q-Sort (MBQS), Caldwell's HOME, and the Attachment Q-set (AQS). A sample of 110 Thai mother-infant dyads were studied. The Content Validity Index (CVIs) of the Thai MBQS, HOME and AQS were between ...
Williams Gavin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concurrent validity and responsiveness of the High-Level Mobility Assessment Tool (HiMAT) in people after traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: This study compared the concurrent validity and responsiveness of the motor subsection of the FIM instrument and the gross function component of the Rivermead Motor Assessment (RMA) ...
Johnson Samantha - - 2006
Given the high risk for residual disability in preterm infants, outcome monitoring is a crucial function of neonatal care. Provision of neurodevelopmental follow-up to at least 2 years of age corrected for prematurity forms part of national recommendations for neonatal services. This should include a developmental assessment at 2 years ...
McGrath Nuala - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between maternal multivitamin supplementation and the mental and psychomotor development of children who are born to HIV-1-infected mothers in Tanzania, as secondary endpoints in a randomized trial that investigated the effect of maternal multivitamin supplementation on HIV-1 vertical transmission and progression. METHODS: The Bayley Scales ...
Sasaki Yasuko - - 2006
The Japanese version of the Revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire (RITQ) was implemented to re-evaluate factor structure of the temperament scale with the objective of simplification. The questionnaire was conducted on 1099 mothers of Japanese infants visiting health centers for their children's health examinations at 6 or 7 months. As a ...
Draycott Tim - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the introduction of Obstetrics Emergency Training in line with the recommendations of the Clinical Negligence Scheme for Trusts (CNST) was associated with a reduction in perinatal asphyxia and neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort observational study. SETTING: A tertiary referral maternity unit in a ...
Levinson-Castiel Rachel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and clinical characteristics of neonatal abstinence syndrome in neonates exposed and not exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in utero. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care center. Patients One hundred twenty term infants, of whom 60 had prolonged in utero exposure to SSRIs, including ...
Weiss Marianne E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric properties of a scale measuring mothers' perceptions of readiness for discharge after birth. DESIGN: Psychometric analyses including construct validity using factor analysis and known groups comparisons, predictive validity, and reliability. Data were collected at discharge and 6 weeks postdischarge. SETTING: Tertiary-level perinatal center in the ...
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