Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1461
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O'Donnell Colm P F - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess interobserver variability of Apgar scores assigned with video recordings of neonatal resuscitation (AS(video)) and compare the scores assigned by observers of videos to the Apgar score given by staff attending the delivery (AS(del)). STUDY DESIGN: Ten-second clips of 30 newborns taken at 5 minutes were shown to ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2006
CONCLUSION: Term infants with a low Apgar score have cochlear impairment, mainly at the frequencies 1-3 kHz. Compared with infants with both a low Apgar score and hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy we reported before, the impairment is less severe. OBJECTIVE: To detect any peripheral impairment of cochlear origin in infants with a ...
Chen Li-Chiou - - 2007
The transition from sitting to walking is a major motor milestone for the developing postural system. This study examined whether this transition to walking impacts the previously established posture (i.e., sitting). Nine infants were examined monthly from sitting onset until 9 months post-walking. Infants sat on a saddle-shape chair either ...
Bierer Ryann - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Erythropoietin therapy is effective in decreasing transfusions to varying degrees in preterm infants. Recent animal studies using erythropoietin doses to achieve serum concentrations > 1000 mU/mL report neuroprotective effects. We evaluated the relationship between erythropoietin concentrations and neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely low birth weight infants. METHODS: Preterm infants who ...
Jones Spencer S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) overcrowding has become a frequent topic of investigation. Despite a significant body of research, there is no standard definition or measurement of ED crowding. Four quantitative scales for ED crowding have been proposed in the literature: the Real-time Emergency Analysis of Demand Indicators (READI), the Emergency ...
Nagaya Ken - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no nutritional indices to predict cognitive function in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. OBJECTIVE: To assess the neonatal blood urea nitrogen (BUN) values in ELBW infants according to their cognitive function at the corrected age of 36 months. METHODS: This was a retrospective study that assessed the ...
Conom D Heicher - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report Bayley scores of 572 twenty-four-month corrected age infants whose birth weights (BWs) were less than 1500 g cared for in a Community Level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) between 1990 and 2002 when surfactant was routinely used. STUDY DESIGN: Survival, "normal" defined as both Mental Developmental ...
Ricci D - - 2006
The Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination was performed in 24 infants with cystic periventricular leukomalacia whose gestational age ranged between 26-38 weeks. The infants were examined between 6 and 9.5 months corrected age. The aim of the study was to establish the different patterns of neurological abnormality as well as the ...
- - 2006
The Apgar score provides a convenient shorthand for reporting the status of the newborn infant and the response to resuscitation. The Apgar score has been used inappropriately to predict specific neurologic outcome in the term infant. There are no consistent data on the significance of the Apgar score in preterm ...
Khan Naila Z - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to determine neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants followed by a multidisciplinary team in a tertiary hospital in Bangladesh. METHODS: Infants <33 weeks' gestational age were serially assessed for neurodevelopment by physicians and developmental psychologists. An estimate of "low," "moderate," or "high" risk for ...
Sun Yuelian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: New evidence suggests that advanced paternal age is a reproductive hazard, but we do not know whether paternal age affects the physical conditions of newborn infants as measured by the Apgar score. METHODS: We conducted a register-based cohort study of 70,347 couples and their first singleton infants by using ...
Sekar Kris - - 2006
The use of mechanical ventilation for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in low birth weight infants may cause barotrauma, volutrauma, and chronic lung disease. Different continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivery systems exist, each with its own practical and clinical advantages and disadvantages. CPAP can be used as ...
Chaudhari Sudha - - 2006
Neurodevelopmental assessment in the first year of life is important for determining presence or absence of brain damage. Assessment of passive tone is essential for planning interventional therapy. One hundred infants with a normal antenatal, natal and perinatal course were prospectively followed up for one year. Social smile had appeared ...
Donnellan M Brent - - 2006
The Mini-IPIP, a 20-item short form of the 50-item International Personality Item Pool-Five-Factor Model measure (Goldberg, 1999), was developed and validated across five studies. The Mini-IPIP scales, with four items per Big Five trait, had consistent and acceptable internal consistencies across five studies (= at or well above .60), similar ...
Restiffe Ana Paula - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the need of chronological age correction according to the degree of prematurity, when assessing gross motor development in preterm infants, during the first year of life. METHOD: Cohort, observational and prospective study. Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) was used to evaluate 43 preterm infants with low risk ...
Grunau Ruth E - - 2006
In this preliminary study, it was examined whether capacity to react to external stress (acute pain) during neonatal intensive care predicts later neuromotor development at 4 and 8 months corrected chronological age (CCA) in high-risk preterm infants. Behavioural and cardiac reactivity to blood collection at 32 weeks postconceptional age (PCA) ...
Brockington I F - - 2006
This is a validation of a self-rating questionnaire designed to detect disorders of the mother-infant relationship. 125 subjects filled in the questionnaire, and were also interviewed using the 5(th) Edition of the Birmingham Interview for Maternal Mental Health. On the basis of these interviews and the case records, we made ...
Kleinman Leah - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is frequently experienced by infants, and disease-specific measures are needed to evaluate treatment benefits. We revised the Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire (I-GERQ) on the basis of information from parents of infants with GERD and physicians and subjected it to a psychometric evaluation. METHODS: ...
- - 2006
The Apgar score provides a convenient shorthand for reporting the status of the newborn infant and the response to resuscitation. The Apgar score has been used inappropriately to predict specific neurologic outcome in the term infant. There are no consistent data on the significance of the Apgar score in preterm ...
Nakajima Sonomi - - 2006
Several studies have shown that prenatal and/or postnatal background-level exposure to environmental chemicals, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxins, induces adverse effects on the neurodevelopment of children. However, other studies have not detected any harmful influences on neurodevelopment. Furthermore, except in western countries, no developmental tests have been carried ...
Hogan Linda - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how often low 5-min Apgar scores (AS(5-min)) at term are associated with asphyxia. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort- and case-control study, including all 183 term infants with AS(5-min) below 7 born at Lund University Hospital during 1993-2002, antepartum deaths excluded. The control group included 183 randomly selected term ...
Alkon Abbey - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized protocol to measure preejection period (PEP), a measure of sympathetic nervous system, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a measure of parasympathetic nervous system, during resting and challenging states for 6- and 12-month-old infants and to determine developmental changes and individual ...
Gianní M L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several studies report increased minor neurodevelopment dysfunctions in children born very low birth weight (VLBW). Usefulness of preventive early intervention programs to improve neurodevelopment outcome of VLBW infants is still under investigation. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of an early post-discharge developmental mother-child intervention program on neurodevelopment outcome at ...
Chaimongkol Nujjaree N - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of Thai versions of the Maternal Behavior Q-Sort (MBQS), Caldwell's HOME, and the Attachment Q-set (AQS). A sample of 110 Thai mother-infant dyads were studied. The Content Validity Index (CVIs) of the Thai MBQS, HOME and AQS were between ...
Williams Gavin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concurrent validity and responsiveness of the High-Level Mobility Assessment Tool (HiMAT) in people after traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: This study compared the concurrent validity and responsiveness of the motor subsection of the FIM instrument and the gross function component of the Rivermead Motor Assessment (RMA) ...
Johnson Samantha - - 2006
Given the high risk for residual disability in preterm infants, outcome monitoring is a crucial function of neonatal care. Provision of neurodevelopmental follow-up to at least 2 years of age corrected for prematurity forms part of national recommendations for neonatal services. This should include a developmental assessment at 2 years ...
McGrath Nuala - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between maternal multivitamin supplementation and the mental and psychomotor development of children who are born to HIV-1-infected mothers in Tanzania, as secondary endpoints in a randomized trial that investigated the effect of maternal multivitamin supplementation on HIV-1 vertical transmission and progression. METHODS: The Bayley Scales ...
Sasaki Yasuko - - 2006
The Japanese version of the Revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire (RITQ) was implemented to re-evaluate factor structure of the temperament scale with the objective of simplification. The questionnaire was conducted on 1099 mothers of Japanese infants visiting health centers for their children's health examinations at 6 or 7 months. As a ...
Draycott Tim - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the introduction of Obstetrics Emergency Training in line with the recommendations of the Clinical Negligence Scheme for Trusts (CNST) was associated with a reduction in perinatal asphyxia and neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort observational study. SETTING: A tertiary referral maternity unit in a ...
Levinson-Castiel Rachel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and clinical characteristics of neonatal abstinence syndrome in neonates exposed and not exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in utero. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care center. Patients One hundred twenty term infants, of whom 60 had prolonged in utero exposure to SSRIs, including ...
Weiss Marianne E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric properties of a scale measuring mothers' perceptions of readiness for discharge after birth. DESIGN: Psychometric analyses including construct validity using factor analysis and known groups comparisons, predictive validity, and reliability. Data were collected at discharge and 6 weeks postdischarge. SETTING: Tertiary-level perinatal center in the ...
Wendel Katrina - - 2006
The skull is a tissue with a widely controversial range of conductivity values. This article correlates live skull conductivity measurements with post mortem conductivity measurements with a scaling factor ranging between 2.5 and 4. The scaling factor is validated by a mathematical model that determines the skull conductivity using saline ...
Harpenau Lisa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A new manual toothbrush with an innovative design has recently been introduced into the marketplace. The purpose of this single-blind, crossover study was to compare plaque removal associated with this new manual toothbrush (Curvex) and a best-selling commercially available manual tootbrush (Oral-B Indicator 40). METHODOLOGY: Over a five-week period, ...
Kordestani Rouzbeh K - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine whether, in fact, infants with deformational plagiocephaly, or plagiocephaly without synostosis, demonstrated cognitive and psychomotor developmental delays when compared with a standardized population. Through this study, we chose to expand upon our earlier findings from 2001 on patients with deformational plagiocephaly. The ...
Connolly Barbara H - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was designed to examine concurrent validity of the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale II (PDMS-2) and the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II (BSID-II) Motor Scale. METHODS: The PDMS-2 and the BSID-II Motor Scale were administered to fifteen 12-month-old infants who were developing typically. PDMS-2 raw scores were ...
Cameron Emma C - - 2006
PURPOSE: The study was designed to compare active motor items at term age of infants born very preterm, very low birth weight (VPT-VLBW) and without impairments with infants born full-term (FT) and healthy and to evaluate a method of assessment using video recordings and computer software. METHOD: Video recordings of ...
Checchia P A - - 2006
No one set of characteristics has been consistently predictive of perioperative mortality and morbidity associated with the Norwood procedure. The purpose of the current study is to further validate a scoring system shown to be predictive of mortality following the Norwood procedure. We performed a retrospective review of all infants ...
Campbell Suzann K - - 2006
PURPOSE: The goals of this study were establishment of age standards for the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) and evaluation of possible group differences based on sex, medical risk for poor developmental outcome, and race/ethnicity. SUBJECTS: Subjects were 990 infants with a range of risk for poor outcome from ...
Hogan Alexandra M - - 2006
This study aimed to investigate whether infants with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) are at risk of neurodevelopmental delay, and whether any delay is associated with SCA pathology. Twenty-eight infants (14 SCA; 14 age- and ethnic-similar controls) were assessed longitudinally with the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener (BINS) at 3, 9 and ...
Jeyaseelan Deepa - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Extremely premature infants of normal intellectual ability have an increased prevalence of motor and attentional difficulties. Knowledge of the relationship between early motor difficulties and measures of attention at school age would enhance understanding of these developmental pathways, their interrelationship and opportunities for intervention. OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether ...
Wang Lan-Wan - - 2005
The authors investigated the validity of the Clinical Adaptive Test (CAT)/Clinical Linguistic and Auditory Milestone Scale (CLAMS) for developmental screening and early prediction in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II (BSID-II) as a reference standard. A total of 808 VLBW infants discharged ...
Harris Susan R - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine the stability of the second edition of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (Bayley II) by correlating Bayley II scores during the first year of life with Bayley II scores at approximately 18 months of age. Bayley II Mental and Motor Scales ...
Mikkola Kaija - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Increasing survival of extremely low birth weight (ELBW; birth weight < 1000 g) infants raises a concern regarding the risks of adverse long-term outcome such as cognitive dysfunction. Few studies have reported long-term follow-up of representative regional cohorts. The objective of this study was to assess the 5-year outcome ...
Constantinou Janet C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of birth weight on development of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants using the Neurobehavioral Assessment of the Preterm Infant (NAPI) before hospital discharge, and to show the relation to follow-up outcomes at 12, 18 and 30 months of age. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 113 ...
Aylward Glen P - - 2005
Long-term follow-up of infants born prematurely is necessary to determine neurodevelopmental outcomes, particularly with the expansion of interest from major disabilities to high prevalence/low severity dysfunctions. Models of pathogenesis include changes due to developmental disruptions and to injury, the magnitude and type of change influenced by the infant's age, and ...
Juneja M - - 2005
This study was done to evaluate the neurodevelopmental, functional and growth status of term infants weighing 2000 g or less at 18 months, and to analyze major medical and social factors associated with an adverse neurodevelopmental and/or functional outcome. All infants were assessed for growth, audio-visual, neurological impairment, and motor ...
Polam Sharadha - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of neurodevelopmental outcome with the placental diagnosis of chorioamnionitis in very low-birth-weight infants. METHODS: One hundred seventy-seven surviving very low-birth-weight infants, 22 to 29 weeks' gestational age, born after varying severity of chorioamnionitis, were evaluated at a mean +/- SD age of 19 +/- 6 ...
Vincer Michael J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine optimal ages to perform the Cognitive Adaptive Test/Clinical Linguistic and Auditory Milestone Scale (CAT/CLAMS) and optimal "cutoff" score of the CAT/CLAMS to screen very preterm infants (<31 weeks) for severe cognitive-adaptive delay and to ascertain the sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios using optimal cutoff scores compared with ...
Liao Hua-Fang - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Comprehensive Developmental Inventory for Infants and Toddlers (CDIIT) is a new developmental test designed in Taiwan and lacks concurrent validity information. This study investigated the concurrent validity of the CDIIT with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II (BSID-II) in preterm infants aged 6-18 and 21-40 months, ...
Baranek Grace T - - 2005
This study utilized retrospective video analysis to distinguish sensory-motor patterns in infants with fragile X syndrome (FXS) (n = 11) from other infants [i.e., autism (n = 11), other developmental delay (n = 10), typical (n = 11)] at 9-12 months of age. Measures of development, autistic features, and FMRP ...
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