Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1527
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Orenstein Susan R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of non-pharmacologic conservative therapy for infant gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). STUDY DESIGN: Consenting parents of the first 50 screened infants who met inclusion/exclusion criteria including abnormal (>16/42) scores on the Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire-Revised (I-GERQ-R; n = 40) were taught conservative therapy measures by each ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether an early neurofunctional assessment (at 12 months' corrected age) is predictive of cognitive outcome at 36 months of age in extremely low birth weight infants. METHODS: We conducted an observational longitudinal study. Neurodevelopmental outcome by means of a neurofunctional assessment ...
Fetters Linda - - 2007
We investigated the association of infants' sleep and awake positioning with motor milestone acquisition as measured by the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS). Participants were 30 very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants with preterm white matter disease (PTWMD; 21 males, nine females; mean birthweight [BW] 1,129 g [SD 338]; mean gestational age [GA] ...
Pin Tamis - - 2007
Since 1992, parents have been urged to place their infants on their back when asleep. The resulting lack of experience in a prone position appears to cause developmental delay in infants. Use of various infant equipment, except baby walkers, has not been examined thoroughly to establish their influence on the ...
Polat Muhterem - - 2007
The patient we present herein is a 6-month-old infant who had erythema and scaling on the central part of the face for 4 months. Both the abundant scaling and the localisation, but also the low age of this infant led to suspect seborrhoeic dermatitis. Direct microscopic examination of scales showed ...
Aydemir Nuran - - 2008
The aim of this study was to develop two new scales for assessing Turkish public's knowledge of epilepsy and attitudes toward it. A 26-item knowledge scale and a 15-item attitude scale were first developed and then tested using a random selection of adults aged 18 n = 613) from different ...
Rep A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of plasma volume expansion on 1-year infant outcome after severe hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and to determine prognostic factors for adverse neurodevelopmental infant outcome. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial, observational prognostic study. SETTING: Two university hospitals in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. POPULATION: One hundred and seventy-two infants ...
Ulrich Dale A - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Infants with Down syndrome (DS) are consistently late walkers. The purpose of this investigation was to test the effects of individualized, progressively more intense treadmill training on developmental outcomes in infants with DS. SUBJECTS: Thirty infants born with DS were randomly assigned to receive lower-intensity, generalized treadmill ...
Odd D E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of brief (0-5 minutes) and prolonged (>5 minutes) low Apgar scores (<7) in non-encephalopathic infants with educational achievement at age 15-16 and intelligence quotients (IQs) at age 18. DESIGN: Population-based record-linkage cohort study of 176 524 male infants born throughout Sweden between 1973 and 1976. ...
Arditi Hadar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Premature infants are at risk of adverse developmental outcomes even with no demonstrable neurological damage. Neonatal physiological measures that can serve as indicators of later development are therefore important for early evaluation and intervention. METHODS: We followed the development of 51 low birth weight, premature infants across the first ...
Rao Rakesh - - 2007
This study evaluated early neurobehavioral outcomes in ventilated preterm infants randomized to receive morphine analgesia or placebo in the Neurological Outcomes and Pre-emptive Analgesia in Neonates (NEOPAIN) trial. Eight hundred and ninety-eight infants between 23 and 32 weeks of gestation were randomized to receive preemptive morphine analgesia (morphine) or placebo. ...
Guedeney Antoine - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate the prevalence of relational withdrawal behaviour in infants aged 14-18 months attending a public health centre in Paris, (2) to check some identified risk factors for relational withdrawal behaviour in this population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in infants ...
Zaramella Patrizia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The availability of a score for predicting neonatal outcome prior to discharge may help us to define the risk of developmental disorders in very low birth weight infants. AIM: To compare Scheiner's Perinatal Risk Inventory (PERI) with Brazy's Neurobiological Risk Score (NBRS) when applied at discharge, in predicting developmental ...
Bryson Susan E - - 2008
The Autism Observation Scale for Infants (AOSI) was developed to detect and monitor early signs of autism as they emerge in high-risk infants (all with an older sibling with an autistic spectrum disorder). Here we describe the scale and its development, and provide preliminary data on its reliability. Inter-rater reliability ...
Snider Laurie M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the quality of general movements (GMs) is an early clinical marker for prediction of cerebral palsy. AIMS: To explore how the General Movements Assessment (GMsA) relates to traditional newborn and infant measures currently in use. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort design was used to examine concurrent validity ...
Ruiz-Correa Salvador - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between severity of scaphocephalic skull malformation and neurodevelopmental status prior to cranioplasty. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five infants with single-suture sagittal craniosynostosis (median age, 4.5 months) referred to the Infant Learning Project, a prospective, multisite, longitudinal study to evaluate neurocognitive development. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Scaphocephaly severity ...
Wu Yen-Tzu - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To establish the normative data of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Second Edition (BSID-II) on Taiwanese infants from age 6 to 24 months and to explore the factors that relate to their mental and motor development. METHODS: Five hundred and seven Taiwanese full-term infants were prospectively examined with the ...
Krishnan Michelle L ML Robert Steiner Magnetic Resonance Unit, Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2007
The aim of this study was to develop a simple reproducible method for the measurement of apparent diffusion coefficient values in the white matter of preterm infants using diffusion-weighted imaging to test the hypothesis that elevated mean apparent diffusion coefficient values are associated with lower developmental quotient scores at 2 ...
Adu-Afarwuah Seth - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The low micronutrient content of complementary foods is associated with growth faltering in many populations. A potential low-cost solution is the home fortification of complementary foods with Sprinkles (SP) powder, crushable Nutritabs (NT) tablets, or energy-dense (108 kcal/d), fat-based Nutributter (NB). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis ...
Dudenhausen J W - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to evaluate early morbidity of term newborn infants according to the umbilical artery pH and umbilical artery base excess. STUDY DESIGN: The study was based on the 1 173 infants who were born at term in the study period in 1997 with a UA-pH below ...
Hirose Yukimi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Developmental status of young infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with physical and psychosocial factors. With the aim of obtaining basic data to perform developmental support, the study was conducted to examine the development and associated factors among these infants. METHODS: The Japanese Denver Developmental Screening Test ...
Starr Jacqueline R JR Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Children's Craniofacial Center, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle 98105, USA. - - 2007
Although most infants with single-suture craniosynostosis (SSC) appear to have neurodevelopmental test scores in the average range, SSC has been associated with cognitive and motor delays during infancy. Whether and when surgery improves such deficits are not yet known. The authors aimed to compare the pre- and postsurgical neurodevelopmental status ...
Romeo Domenico M M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) is a simple and scorable method for assessing infants between 2 and 24 months of age. AIMS: The purpose of this retrospective study was firstly, to evaluate the neuromotor development of infants with cerebral palsy (CP) by the HINE, during the first year ...
Mu Shu-Chi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chorioamnionitis (CAM) is one of the main causes of preterm labor and has been associated with an adverse perinatal outcome in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: The specific aim of our study was to evaluate whether there is significant difference in the Bayley developmental index scores at 6, 12, 18 and ...
Judge Michelle P - - 2007
There are few studies reporting on docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) supplementation during pregnancy and infant cognitive function. DHA supplementation in pregnancy and infant problem solving in the first year have not been investigated. We tested the hypothesis that infants born to women who consumed a DHA-containing functional food during pregnancy ...
Chen Catherine - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia require complex surgical care and may have neurodevelopmental morbidity. We examined the performance of reports of motor functioning in 25 congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors using the parent-completed Developmental Profile-II and a clinical evaluation by a neurodevelopmental pediatrician (MD) measured against the Bayley motor scale. ...
Angulo-Barroso Rosa M - - 2008
This longitudinal study investigated the long-term effect of different treadmill interventions on the development of gait patterns in infants with Down syndrome (DS). Thirty infants with DS (mean age 10.0 months, S.D. 1.9 months) were randomly assigned to either a "low intensity-generalized" (LG) training group, or a "high intensity-individualized" (HI) ...
Kratz Kris - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The intellectual abilities of U.S. Army aviators have received a paucity of research attention over the years. The resultant lack of idiographic and aggregate data on this population has a direct impact on the neuropsychologist's ability to make clinical recommendations regarding a return to cognitive baseline following a neurological ...
Soleimani F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Child development screening is important issue for early detection of developmental delay and disability. Children in different environment acquire developmental abilities at different age. In this paper we report the examination of Infant Neurological International Battery (INFANIB) as a screening tool for early detection of gross motor developmental delay ...
Loddenkemper Tobias - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Our goals were to determine the effect of epilepsy surgery in infants (<3 years of age) on development and describe factors associated with postoperative developmental outcome. METHODS: We identified 50 infants among 251 consecutive pediatric patients (<18 years old) undergoing epilepsy surgery. Charts were reviewed for clinical data and ...
Harrington Deborah J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of infants who had Apgar scores of zero at 10 minutes and were resuscitated successfully. STUDY DESIGN: The literature was reviewed systematically to identify the outcomes of cases; in addition, the perinatal database at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, ...
Speltz Matthew L ML Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. - - 2007
The hypothesized association between single-suture craniosynostosis and neurodevelopment remains unclear, given the methodologic limitations of previous studies, most notably the absence of control groups. Standardized measures were used to assess the neurodevelopment of 125 matched case-control pairs shortly after cases were first diagnosed with isolated fusions of the sagittal, metopic, ...
Stahlmann N - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to make a comparison of predictive values of neurodevelopmental assessment and evaluation of videotaped spontaneous movements of premature infants for motor outcome. METHODS: We performed a prospective longitudinal study of 103 VLBW infants, 96 (455-1490 g, 24-35 weeks gestational age) including (a) a ...
Nadig Aparna S AS University of California Davis M.I.N.D. Institute, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA. - - 2007
To assess the sensitivity and specificity of decreased response to name at age 12 months as a screen for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and other developmental delays. Prospective, longitudinal design studying infants at risk for ASD. Research laboratory at university medical center. Infants at risk for autism (55 six-month-olds, 101 ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess functional integrity of the auditory brainstem in neonates with transient low Apgar scores. METHODS: Forty-two term infants were studied with brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) using the maximum length sequence during the first month of life. All had transient low Apgar scores but no clinical signs of ...
Schertz Mitchell - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience suggests infants with torticollis are at risk for developmental delay. AIMS: To examine gross motor (GM) skills at presentation in infants with torticollis; report first-year GM and cognitive outcomes; examine relationship between types of torticollis and above outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. SUBJECTS: Infants referred to ...
Gaynor J William JW Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Cardiac Center at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2007
Many studies of neurodevelopmental outcomes after neonatal and infant cardiac surgery have focused on potentially modifiable risk factors for adverse outcomes, primarily intraoperative management strategies and the use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. There is increasing evidence that patient-specific factors are more important determinants of outcome. We investigated predictors of ...
Reichenberg Abraham - - 2007
Autism is predominantly genetically determined. Evidence supports familiality of the main sets of behavioral characteristics that define the syndrome of autism; however, possible non-genetic effects have also been suggested. The present study compared levels of autism symptom domains, as measured by the Autism Diagnostic Interview, and useful phrase speech scores ...
Clifford Sally - - 2007
The behaviours of infants were observed using home videos, in an attempt to identify social difficulties characteristic of infants with autistic disorder. Three groups of infants were analysed: 15 infants who had later been diagnosed with autism, 15 infants who had a developmental or language delay, and 15 typically developing ...
Walters Glenn D - - 2007
I included scores on the Antisocial Features (ANT) and Aggression (AGG) scales of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) and ratings on the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form (LCSF; Walters, White, & Denney, 1991) along with age and prior disciplinary record in a series of negative binomial regression analyses of ...
Forsblad Kristina - - 2007
AIM: To identify early predictors of outcome in infants born at 25 gestational weeks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from a regional perinatal database (time-period 1995-2001, total n = 108 000 births) were used. Apgar scores were available in 92 preterm infants, born at 25 + 0 to 25 + 6 ...
Banerjee Poonam Nina - - 2007
This study examined the relative contributions of infants' persistence and mothers' teaching at 6 and 14 months to infants' cognitive development at 14 months in a sample of 65 low-income mother-infant dyads. Infants' persistence was assessed from a videotaped persistence task at 6 months and from the Behavior Record Scale ...
Mikaeloff Yann - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To develop the infant and toddler disease score (IDS), a population-based predictive tool of morbidity status in infants and toddlers, based on data from administrative claims. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study was conducted, including 35,580 children less than 2 years of age in June 2003 from ...
Megens Antoinette M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT) is a screening tool designed to identify neuromotor or cognitive/behavioral concerns in infants who are healthy or at high risk between the ages of 3 and 12 months. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the HINT could distinguish ...
Elsabbagh Mayada - - 2007
We integrate converging evidence from a variety of research areas in typical and atypical development to motivate a developmental framework for understanding the emergence of autism in infancy and to propose future directions for a recent area of research focusing on infant siblings of children with autism. Explaining the cognitive ...
Guzmán-Hosta Lara - - 2007
Currently in Puerto Rico, there are no reliable and valid instruments to assess hypnotic responsiveness. The most widely utilized scales have not been scientifically translated and adapted with Puerto Ricans. In the present study, the Barber Suggestibility Scale (BSS) was translated and adapted using back-translation and decentralization. The translated BSS ...
Dudek-Shriber Linda - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study investigated whether positioning infants in the prone position while awake affected the quality and achievement of developmental motor milestones. METHODS: One hundred four-month-old infants were administered the Alberta Infant Motor Scale to assess motor development. A Parent Questionnaire was used to gather information on time spent in ...
Spittle A J - - 2007
Infants born preterm are at increased risk of developing cognitive and motor impairments compared with infants born at term. Early developmental interventions have been used in the clinical setting with the aim of improving the overall functional outcome for these infants. However, the benefit of these programs remains unclear. To ...
Iverson Jana M - - 2007
In this study we examined early motor, vocal, and communicative development in a group of younger siblings of children diagnosed with autism (Infant Siblings). Infant Siblings and no-risk comparison later-born infants were videotaped at home with a primary caregiver each month from 5 to 14 months, with follow-up at 18 ...
Zupancic John A F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Our specific objectives were (1) to document the performance of the revised Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology and the revised Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology Perinatal Extension in predicting death in the Vermont Oxford Network, compared with published normative values; (2) to determine whether this performance could be improved ...
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