Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1518
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Zuk Luba - - 2008
This study aims to examine the usefulness of spontaneous upper limb movements (ULM) as an early marker for predicting neurodevelopmental outcome in infants with intrauterine-growth retardation (IUGR). The assessment of general movements (GMs) during the first 20 weeks is an accepted method for early detection of brain dysfunction. During this ...
Odd David E - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal socioeconomic position and a persistent low Apgar score (a score of < 7 at 1 and 5 min following birth). The research is based on a population cohort study of 183,637 males born in Sweden between 1973 and ...
Prins Sandra A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The pharmacokinetics and analgesic effects of intravenous and rectal paracetamol were compared in nonventilated infants after craniofacial surgery in a double-blind placebo controlled study. METHODS: During surgery all infants (6 months-2 years) received a rectal loading dose of 40 mg.kg(-1) paracetamol 2 h before anticipated extubation. On admittance to ...
Westera J J - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the application of Dutch versus US test procedures and norms of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development - 2nd edition (BSID-II) leads to different developmental outcomes. The BSID-II was administered to 376 preterm infants (191 males, 185 females; mean gestational ...
van Zwol Annelies - - 2008
AIM: To determine the effect of neonatal glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants on neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age. METHODS: Eighty-eight out of one hundred two infants participating in the initial study were eligible for the follow-up study (13 died, one exclusion due to ...
Forsblad Kristina - - 2008
AIM: Outcome is uncertain in infants born at 23-24 gestational weeks. The aim of the present study was to identify possible early predictors of outcome in these infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Swedish medical birth register (MBR) for live-born infants with gestational ages (GAs) 23 and 24 weeks, ...
Baird Robert - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A validated risk stratification tool for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is required for accurate outcomes analyses. Existing mortality-predictive models include those of the CDH Study Group (CDHSG) based on birth weight and 5-minute Apgar score, the Canadian Neonatal Network (CNN) based on gestational age and admission score in Score ...
Ludeman N A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine if diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics of the pyramidal tracts correlate with motor outcome in infants presenting with motor dysfunction. METHODS: DTI tractography of the pyramidal tracts was performed in 21 patients with clinical motor dysfunction who were less than 30 months of age and in 22 ...
Moore D G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many measures of infants' early cognitive development, including the BSID-II (The Bayley Scales of Infant Development), mix together test items that assess a number of different developmental domains including language, attention, motor functioning and social abilities, and some items contribute to the assessment of more than one domain. Consequently, ...
Apeldoorn Adri T - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: An observational prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the reliability of nonorganic sign-testing in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), and to identify determinants of diagnostic disagreement. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: For the assessment of behavioral responses to examination, Waddell et al published "the Waddell score" in ...
Meadow William - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: For a cohort of extremely premature, ventilated, newborn infants, we determined the power of either serial caretaker intuitions of "die before discharge" or serial illness severity scores to predict the outcomes of death in the NICU or neurologic performance at corrected age of 2 years. METHODS: We identified 268 ...
Croen Lisa A - - 2008
To investigate levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in mid-pregnancy and neonatal blood specimens as early biologic markers for autism, we conducted a population-based case-control study nested within the cohort of infants born from July 2000 to September 2001 to women who participated in the prenatal screening program in Orange ...
Phagava H - - 2008
General movements (GMs) are a distinct movement pattern carried out spontaneously without external stimulation and seen in fetuses of 9 weeks gestational age till 21 weeks postterm. GMs are helpful in the early diagnosis of an impaired central nervous system and the specific prediction of later neurological deficits. Autism spectrum ...
Tofail Fahmida - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Few data exist for the effects of multiple micronutrient (MM) or food supplementation to undernourished pregnant women on their offsprings' development. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the effects on infant development of early (8-10 wk gestation) or usual ( approximately 17 wk gestation) supplementation with food and MM, 30 ...
Turner Jennifer M - - 2008
The study examined associations between maternal mentalization ability, executive functioning, recognition of infant cues, and bonding in a non-clinical sample of mothers. It employed a correlational design. Sixty-four mothers of young infants completed assessments of mentalization ability, executive functioning, and bonding. Photographs of infant facial expressions were utilized to assess ...
Tan M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Very preterm infants are at risk of poor growth and neurodevelopmental outcome. Illness and difficulties overcoming the challenges of feeding these infants often lead to undernutrition in the first few weeks. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships between early nutrition, post-natal head growth, quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and developmental ...
Hill-Soderlund Ashley L - - 2008
This longitudinal study tested the hypothesis that early temperament is associated with later effortful control. Fear reactivity and object orientation was assessed in a sample of 53 children at 8, 12, and 16 months during a stranger-approach paradigm and at 4.5 or 5.5 years on a battery of effortful control ...
Heineman Kirsten R - - 2008
A reliable and valid instrument to assess neuromotor condition in infancy is a prerequisite for early detection of developmental motor disorders. We developed a video-based assessment of motor behaviour, the Infant Motor Profile (IMP), to evaluate motor abilities, movement variability, ability to select motor strategies, movement symmetry, and fluency. The ...
Lee Ben H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We compared the development of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at corrected ages of 18 to 22 months for extremely low birth weight infants exposed prenatally to dexamethasone, betamethasone, or no steroid. METHODS: Study infants were extremely low birth weight (401-1000 g) infants who were in the care of National Institute ...
Newburger Jane W - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We previously reported that postoperative hemodynamics and developmental outcomes were better among infants randomized to a higher hematocrit value during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. However, worse outcomes were concentrated in patients with hematocrit values of 20% or below, and the benefits of hematocrit values higher than 25% were uncertain. METHODS: ...
Tse Lillian - - 2008
We examined concurrent validity of scores for two infant motor screening tools, the Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT) and the Alberta Infant Motor Scale, in 121 Canadian infants. Relationships between the two tests for the overall sample were as follows: r = -.83 at 4 to 6.5 months (n = ...
Cockcroft K - - 2008
Objective: The study compared the performance on the Griffiths Mental Development Scales of Black, South African infants with mothers who had twelve or more years of education and who were professionally employed with infants of mothers with fewer than twelve years of education and who were employed in non-professional jobs. ...
Carvalho André Laranjeira de - - 2008
Evaluating the interaction between mother or caregiver and infant through the Clinical Indicators of Risks in Infant Development and investigating whether local and cultural influences during infant development affect these clinical indicators. The Clinical Indicators of Risks in Infant Development was created in order to fully assess infants' development and ...
Steinmacher Jochen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely preterm infants after offering life support to all infants > or = 23 weeks gestation ("pro-active management"). STUDY DESIGN: With parental consent, all infants born at 23 to 25 completed weeks gestation were treated proactively. Surviving infants born from July 1996 ...
Prior Margot - - 2008
Within a longitudinal study using a large representative, community sample of infants recruited at mean age 8 months, we examined influences on infant communication development at 24 months, including child gender, shy temperament, behavioural and emotional problems, and several variables relating to maternal psychosocial health. On most developmental measures girls ...
Spittle Alicia J - - 2008
This systematic review evaluates assessments used to discriminate, predict, or evaluate the motor development of preterm infants during the first year of life. Eighteen assessments were identified; nine met the inclusion criteria. The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), Bayley Scale of Infant and Toddler Development -- Version III, Peabody Developmental ...
Messerschmidt Agnes - - 2008
The unfavorable impact of prematurity on the developing cerebellum was recently recognized, but the outcome after impaired cerebellar development as a prematurity-related complication is hitherto not adequately documented. Therefore we compared 31 preterm patients with disrupted cerebellar development to a control group of 31 gender and gestational age matched premature ...
Rose Susan A - - 2008
Using data from a longitudinal study of preterms and full-terms, the present study examined the structure of infant cognition at 12 months, the extent to which five 12-month abilities (attention, speed, recognition, recall, and representational competence) mediated the relation from prematurity to mental development at 2 - 3 years, and ...
Aylward Glen P - - 2008
Caretaker report in developmental screening of high-risk infants has not been investigated adequately. We compare a caretaker-completed neurodevelopmental prescreening questionnaire (NPQ) to a hands-on screener (Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener; BINS) and attempt to identify factors that influence agreement in a high-risk sample. From 1,436 infants drawn from 5 centers, 471 ...
Finkel Richard S - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to determine reliability of the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) in infants with spinal muscular atrophy, type I (SMA-I). METHODS: Interrater reliability training was undertaken by 17 physical therapist evaluators using 6 infants with hypotonia and weakness (5 videotaped, 1 live). Eight ...
Snyder Patricia - - 2008
Concurrent validity of scores for the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) and the Peabody Developmental Gross Motor Scale-2 (PDGMS-2) was examined with a sample of 35 infants at dual risk for motor delays or disabilities. Dual risk was defined as low birthweight (<or= 1,500 g at birth) and environmental risk ...
Arndt Sherry W - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was used to evaluate the efficacy of a neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT)-based sequenced trunk activation protocol for change in gross motor function of infants aged 4 to 12 months with posture and movement dysfunction. Infants who received a dynamic co-activation trunk protocol were compared with a control group ...
Campos Denise - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the motor performance of infants born small for gestational age (SGA) with those appropriate for gestational age (AGA) at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted including infants born full-term, with birth weight under the 10th percentile for the SGA group ...
Manacero Sônia - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the motor performance of premature neonates using the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) and to investigate the influence of birth weight on motor acquisition. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out of a prospective cohort of 44 premature newborn infants with gestational ages from 32 to 34 ...
Campbell Suzann K - - 2008
The TIMPSI, a short version of the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP), is used for screening. The project was designed to compare concurrent TIMPSI scores with those on the TIMP and recommend cutscores for clinical decision making. Infants (n = 990) were recruited reflecting the race/ethnicity of US infants ...
Wilhelm Michael - - 2008
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), persistent environmental contaminants, may affect neurodevelopment of infants following prenatal exposure. A negative impact of prenatal PCB exposure on neurodevelopment was found in the Dusseldorf (Germany) cohort study (1993-2000). PCB levels of the sum of the three indicator congeners in breast milk were negatively associated with mental/motor ...
Guzzetta Francesco - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epileptic and developmental evolution in infants with West syndrome. METHODS: A prospective study of 21 infants was performed, with a follow-up at 2 years. Serial assessment included long-term EEG monitoring, visual and auditory evaluation and assessment of neurodevelopment. RESULTS: Neurosensory ...
Amod, Zaytoon ; School ...
Objectives: Over the last few years, researchers have made a significant effort to address the need for more reliable and valid assessment measures for South Africa. The objective of this study was to acquire empirical data regarding the use and application of the Griffiths Mental Development Scales with Black South ...
Sullivan Mary C - - 2007
This was a prospective longitudinal study of two cohorts comprised of one full term and three premature infant groups born 10 years apart. Birth cohort, perinatal morbidity, and birth weight effects were investigated at age 4. Cohort 1 (1985-1989) had longer gestation, higher birth weight, and better Apgar scores than ...
Angulo-Barroso Rosa - - 2008
Despite the recognized relevance of physical activity in the development and health of children, assessment of physical activity levels (PA-level) in infancy is limited, especially in infants with Down syndrome (DS). Increasing PA-level using a treadmill training (TMT) intervention may benefit infants with motor delays. The purpose of this study ...
Festen D A M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurogenetic disorder characterized by muscular hypotonia, psychomotor delay, feeding difficulties and failure to thrive in infancy. GH treatment improves growth velocity and body composition. Research on the effects of GH on psychomotor development in infants with PWS is limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate psychomotor development ...
Orenstein Susan R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of non-pharmacologic conservative therapy for infant gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). STUDY DESIGN: Consenting parents of the first 50 screened infants who met inclusion/exclusion criteria including abnormal (>16/42) scores on the Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire-Revised (I-GERQ-R; n = 40) were taught conservative therapy measures by each ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether an early neurofunctional assessment (at 12 months' corrected age) is predictive of cognitive outcome at 36 months of age in extremely low birth weight infants. METHODS: We conducted an observational longitudinal study. Neurodevelopmental outcome by means of a neurofunctional assessment ...
Fetters Linda - - 2007
We investigated the association of infants' sleep and awake positioning with motor milestone acquisition as measured by the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS). Participants were 30 very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants with preterm white matter disease (PTWMD; 21 males, nine females; mean birthweight [BW] 1,129 g [SD 338]; mean gestational age [GA] ...
Pin Tamis - - 2007
Since 1992, parents have been urged to place their infants on their back when asleep. The resulting lack of experience in a prone position appears to cause developmental delay in infants. Use of various infant equipment, except baby walkers, has not been examined thoroughly to establish their influence on the ...
Polat Muhterem - - 2007
The patient we present herein is a 6-month-old infant who had erythema and scaling on the central part of the face for 4 months. Both the abundant scaling and the localisation, but also the low age of this infant led to suspect seborrhoeic dermatitis. Direct microscopic examination of scales showed ...
Aydemir Nuran - - 2008
The aim of this study was to develop two new scales for assessing Turkish public's knowledge of epilepsy and attitudes toward it. A 26-item knowledge scale and a 15-item attitude scale were first developed and then tested using a random selection of adults aged 18 n = 613) from different ...
Rep A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of plasma volume expansion on 1-year infant outcome after severe hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and to determine prognostic factors for adverse neurodevelopmental infant outcome. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial, observational prognostic study. SETTING: Two university hospitals in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. POPULATION: One hundred and seventy-two infants ...
Ulrich Dale A - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Infants with Down syndrome (DS) are consistently late walkers. The purpose of this investigation was to test the effects of individualized, progressively more intense treadmill training on developmental outcomes in infants with DS. SUBJECTS: Thirty infants born with DS were randomly assigned to receive lower-intensity, generalized treadmill ...
Odd D E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of brief (0-5 minutes) and prolonged (>5 minutes) low Apgar scores (<7) in non-encephalopathic infants with educational achievement at age 15-16 and intelligence quotients (IQs) at age 18. DESIGN: Population-based record-linkage cohort study of 176 524 male infants born throughout Sweden between 1973 and 1976. ...
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