Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1461
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Wu Yen-Tzu - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To establish the normative data of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Second Edition (BSID-II) on Taiwanese infants from age 6 to 24 months and to explore the factors that relate to their mental and motor development. METHODS: Five hundred and seven Taiwanese full-term infants were prospectively examined with the ...
Krishnan Michelle L ML Robert Steiner Magnetic Resonance Unit, Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2007
The aim of this study was to develop a simple reproducible method for the measurement of apparent diffusion coefficient values in the white matter of preterm infants using diffusion-weighted imaging to test the hypothesis that elevated mean apparent diffusion coefficient values are associated with lower developmental quotient scores at 2 ...
Adu-Afarwuah Seth - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The low micronutrient content of complementary foods is associated with growth faltering in many populations. A potential low-cost solution is the home fortification of complementary foods with Sprinkles (SP) powder, crushable Nutritabs (NT) tablets, or energy-dense (108 kcal/d), fat-based Nutributter (NB). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis ...
Dudenhausen J W - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to evaluate early morbidity of term newborn infants according to the umbilical artery pH and umbilical artery base excess. STUDY DESIGN: The study was based on the 1 173 infants who were born at term in the study period in 1997 with a UA-pH below ...
Starr Jacqueline R - - 2007
Although most infants with single-suture craniosynostosis (SSC) appear to have neurodevelopmental test scores in the average range, SSC has been associated with cognitive and motor delays during infancy. Whether and when surgery improves such deficits are not yet known. The authors aimed to compare the pre- and postsurgical neurodevelopmental status ...
Hirose Yukimi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Developmental status of young infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with physical and psychosocial factors. With the aim of obtaining basic data to perform developmental support, the study was conducted to examine the development and associated factors among these infants. METHODS: The Japanese Denver Developmental Screening Test ...
Romeo Domenico M M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) is a simple and scorable method for assessing infants between 2 and 24 months of age. AIMS: The purpose of this retrospective study was firstly, to evaluate the neuromotor development of infants with cerebral palsy (CP) by the HINE, during the first year ...
Mu Shu-Chi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chorioamnionitis (CAM) is one of the main causes of preterm labor and has been associated with an adverse perinatal outcome in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: The specific aim of our study was to evaluate whether there is significant difference in the Bayley developmental index scores at 6, 12, 18 and ...
Judge Michelle P - - 2007
There are few studies reporting on docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) supplementation during pregnancy and infant cognitive function. DHA supplementation in pregnancy and infant problem solving in the first year have not been investigated. We tested the hypothesis that infants born to women who consumed a DHA-containing functional food during pregnancy ...
Chen Catherine - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia require complex surgical care and may have neurodevelopmental morbidity. We examined the performance of reports of motor functioning in 25 congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors using the parent-completed Developmental Profile-II and a clinical evaluation by a neurodevelopmental pediatrician (MD) measured against the Bayley motor scale. ...
Angulo-Barroso Rosa M - - 2008
This longitudinal study investigated the long-term effect of different treadmill interventions on the development of gait patterns in infants with Down syndrome (DS). Thirty infants with DS (mean age 10.0 months, S.D. 1.9 months) were randomly assigned to either a "low intensity-generalized" (LG) training group, or a "high intensity-individualized" (HI) ...
Kratz Kris - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The intellectual abilities of U.S. Army aviators have received a paucity of research attention over the years. The resultant lack of idiographic and aggregate data on this population has a direct impact on the neuropsychologist's ability to make clinical recommendations regarding a return to cognitive baseline following a neurological ...
Speltz Matthew L - - 2007
The hypothesized association between single-suture craniosynostosis and neurodevelopment remains unclear, given the methodologic limitations of previous studies, most notably the absence of control groups. Standardized measures were used to assess the neurodevelopment of 125 matched case-control pairs shortly after cases were first diagnosed with isolated fusions of the sagittal, metopic, ...
Soleimani F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Child development screening is important issue for early detection of developmental delay and disability. Children in different environment acquire developmental abilities at different age. In this paper we report the examination of Infant Neurological International Battery (INFANIB) as a screening tool for early detection of gross motor developmental delay ...
Loddenkemper Tobias - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Our goals were to determine the effect of epilepsy surgery in infants (<3 years of age) on development and describe factors associated with postoperative developmental outcome. METHODS: We identified 50 infants among 251 consecutive pediatric patients (<18 years old) undergoing epilepsy surgery. Charts were reviewed for clinical data and ...
Harrington Deborah J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of infants who had Apgar scores of zero at 10 minutes and were resuscitated successfully. STUDY DESIGN: The literature was reviewed systematically to identify the outcomes of cases; in addition, the perinatal database at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, ...
Stahlmann N - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to make a comparison of predictive values of neurodevelopmental assessment and evaluation of videotaped spontaneous movements of premature infants for motor outcome. METHODS: We performed a prospective longitudinal study of 103 VLBW infants, 96 (455-1490 g, 24-35 weeks gestational age) including (a) a ...
Nadig Aparna S - - 2007
To assess the sensitivity and specificity of decreased response to name at age 12 months as a screen for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and other developmental delays. Prospective, longitudinal design studying infants at risk for ASD. Research laboratory at university medical center. Infants at risk for autism (55 six-month-olds, 101 ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess functional integrity of the auditory brainstem in neonates with transient low Apgar scores. METHODS: Forty-two term infants were studied with brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) using the maximum length sequence during the first month of life. All had transient low Apgar scores but no clinical signs of ...
Schertz Mitchell - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience suggests infants with torticollis are at risk for developmental delay. AIMS: To examine gross motor (GM) skills at presentation in infants with torticollis; report first-year GM and cognitive outcomes; examine relationship between types of torticollis and above outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. SUBJECTS: Infants referred to ...
Gaynor J William - - 2007
Many studies of neurodevelopmental outcomes after neonatal and infant cardiac surgery have focused on potentially modifiable risk factors for adverse outcomes, primarily intraoperative management strategies and the use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. There is increasing evidence that patient-specific factors are more important determinants of outcome. We investigated predictors of ...
Reichenberg Abraham - - 2007
Autism is predominantly genetically determined. Evidence supports familiality of the main sets of behavioral characteristics that define the syndrome of autism; however, possible non-genetic effects have also been suggested. The present study compared levels of autism symptom domains, as measured by the Autism Diagnostic Interview, and useful phrase speech scores ...
Clifford Sally - - 2007
The behaviours of infants were observed using home videos, in an attempt to identify social difficulties characteristic of infants with autistic disorder. Three groups of infants were analysed: 15 infants who had later been diagnosed with autism, 15 infants who had a developmental or language delay, and 15 typically developing ...
Walters Glenn D - - 2007
I included scores on the Antisocial Features (ANT) and Aggression (AGG) scales of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) and ratings on the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form (LCSF; Walters, White, & Denney, 1991) along with age and prior disciplinary record in a series of negative binomial regression analyses of ...
Forsblad Kristina - - 2007
AIM: To identify early predictors of outcome in infants born at 25 gestational weeks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from a regional perinatal database (time-period 1995-2001, total n = 108 000 births) were used. Apgar scores were available in 92 preterm infants, born at 25 + 0 to 25 + 6 ...
Banerjee Poonam Nina - - 2007
This study examined the relative contributions of infants' persistence and mothers' teaching at 6 and 14 months to infants' cognitive development at 14 months in a sample of 65 low-income mother-infant dyads. Infants' persistence was assessed from a videotaped persistence task at 6 months and from the Behavior Record Scale ...
Mikaeloff Yann - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To develop the infant and toddler disease score (IDS), a population-based predictive tool of morbidity status in infants and toddlers, based on data from administrative claims. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study was conducted, including 35,580 children less than 2 years of age in June 2003 from ...
Megens Antoinette M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT) is a screening tool designed to identify neuromotor or cognitive/behavioral concerns in infants who are healthy or at high risk between the ages of 3 and 12 months. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the HINT could distinguish ...
Elsabbagh Mayada - - 2007
We integrate converging evidence from a variety of research areas in typical and atypical development to motivate a developmental framework for understanding the emergence of autism in infancy and to propose future directions for a recent area of research focusing on infant siblings of children with autism. Explaining the cognitive ...
Guzmán-Hosta Lara - - 2007
Currently in Puerto Rico, there are no reliable and valid instruments to assess hypnotic responsiveness. The most widely utilized scales have not been scientifically translated and adapted with Puerto Ricans. In the present study, the Barber Suggestibility Scale (BSS) was translated and adapted using back-translation and decentralization. The translated BSS ...
Dudek-Shriber Linda - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study investigated whether positioning infants in the prone position while awake affected the quality and achievement of developmental motor milestones. METHODS: One hundred four-month-old infants were administered the Alberta Infant Motor Scale to assess motor development. A Parent Questionnaire was used to gather information on time spent in ...
Spittle A J - - 2007
Infants born preterm are at increased risk of developing cognitive and motor impairments compared with infants born at term. Early developmental interventions have been used in the clinical setting with the aim of improving the overall functional outcome for these infants. However, the benefit of these programs remains unclear. To ...
Iverson Jana M - - 2007
In this study we examined early motor, vocal, and communicative development in a group of younger siblings of children diagnosed with autism (Infant Siblings). Infant Siblings and no-risk comparison later-born infants were videotaped at home with a primary caregiver each month from 5 to 14 months, with follow-up at 18 ...
Zupancic John A F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Our specific objectives were (1) to document the performance of the revised Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology and the revised Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology Perinatal Extension in predicting death in the Vermont Oxford Network, compared with published normative values; (2) to determine whether this performance could be improved ...
Hiscock Harriet - - 2007
To determine whether a community-delivered intervention targeting infant sleep problems improves infant sleep and maternal well-being and to report the costs of this approach to the healthcare system. Cluster randomised trial. 49 Maternal and Child Health (MCH) centres (clusters) in Melbourne, Australia. 328 mothers reporting an infant sleep problem at ...
Visconti Karen J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Regional low-flow perfusion of the brain is a bypass technique commonly used during stage 1 reconstruction in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related variants. The neurodevelopmental outcome of these children is unknown. METHODS: Twenty-nine infants (22 boys, 7 girls) with hypoplastic left heart syndrome or variant requiring ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2006
AIM: To examine the relationship between neonatal auditory function and Apgar score in term infants with depressed Apgar scores. METHODS: Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) was recorded on day 3 after birth in term infants who had Apgar scores < or = 7 at 1 and/or 5 min. Half of ...
Costeloe K - - 2006
The principal objective of the EPICure studies was to determine both short- and long-term outcomes of extremely preterm birth. Data were collected for all births before 26 completed weeks of gestation in the UK and Republic of Ireland for 10 months in 1995. Of 811 infants admitted to neonatal units, ...
Reilly Sheena - - 2006
AIM: To describe changes in infant prelinguistic communication skills between 8 and 12 months, and identify factors associated with those skills. METHODS: DESIGN: Parent questionnaire data for a prospective population-based cohort of infants in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 1911 infants born November 2002-August 2003. OUTCOME: Infant communication (Communication and Symbolic ...
Brummett Beverly H BH Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Box 2969, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2006
To examine a measure of explanatory style, the Optimism-Pessimism (PSM) scale derived from college-entry Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory scores, as a predictor of all-cause mortality. A total of 7007 students entering the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory during the mid-1960s. Of those ...
Pillekamp F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Apnea and bradycardia of prematurity (ABP) are possible risks towards damage of the developing brain. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the influence of neonatal factors on ABP and to determine the relationship of ABP to neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: ABP was described in very low birth weight infants (n = 83) using ...
Nakamura Yu - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Japanese version of the Clinician's Interview-Based Impression of Change plus Caregiver Input (CIBIC-plus J) consists of 3 subscales: Disability Assessment of Dementia Scale (DAD), Behavioral Pathology in Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale (Behave-AD), and Mental Function Impairment Scale (MENFIS), as well as the Clinician's Global Impression of Change (CGIC). ...
van Haastert I C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To systematically examine gross motor development in the first 18 months of life of preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 800 preterm infants (356 boys), ages between 1 and 18 months and corrected for degree of prematurity, were assessed with the use of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale. ...
Forjaz Maria João - - 2006
This article is the second of a two-part series concerning the metric properties of the following three Parkinson's disease (PD) scales: modified Hoehn and Yahr staging (H&Y), Schwab and England (S&E), and Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) 3.0. Part II focuses on construct and content validity. To assess construct ...
Majnemer Annette - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare motor performance in infants sleeping in prone versus supine positions. STUDY DESIGN: Healthy 4-month-olds (supine: n = 71, prone: n = 12) and 6-month olds (supine: n = 50, prone: n = 22) were evaluated with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) and Peabody Developmental Motor Scale ...
Campos Denise - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the degree of agreement between a score for screening and another for diagnosis of motor development in 6-month old infants and to define the most appropriate cutoff point for screening. METHODS: A sectional study, enrolling asymptomatic full term newborns with gestational ages from 37 to 41 weeks, ...
Roberts G - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Premature and low birth weight children have a high prevalence of academic difficulties. This study examines a model comprised of cumulative risk factors that allows early identification of these difficulties. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a large cohort of premature (<37 weeks gestation) and LBW ...
Orathinkal Jose - - 2007
This study examined the reliability, construct validity, and factor pattern of the Dutch version of the Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI) in a sample of 731 respondents (heterosexually married adults, 359 males and 372 females) in Belgium. The Cronbach alpha for EFI total (.98) and all its subscales, Positive Affect (PA) ...
Han Jintae - - 2007
A new discrimination method called the score-moment combined linear discrimination analysis (SMC-LDA) has been developed and its performance has been evaluated using three practical spectroscopic datasets. The key concept of SMC-LDA was to use not only the score from principal component analysis (PCA), but also the moment of the spectrum, ...
Deulofeut R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate and severity of short- and long-term morbidity in very low birth weight infants treated before and after the implementation of a change in clinical practice designed to avoid hyperoxia. METHODS: Analysis of a prospectively collected database of all infants < or = 1250 g admitted ...
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