Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1534
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van Ierland Y - - 2010
Most infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) are observed clinically for 24 h postnatally. Only 5% of infants born through MSAF develop the meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), a serious condition requiring medical intervention. To evaluate the value of 24-h postnatal observation of infants born through MSAF. A cohort of ...
Ullenhag Anna - - 2009
AIM: To compare motor performance in supine position at the age of 4-months corrected age (CA) in very preterm (VPT) infants cared for in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) before and after the implementation of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP). METHODS: Assessments of motor performance ...
Mintz-Itkin Rina - - 2009
This study examined the effect of the frequency of physical therapy on the outcome of infants referred for delayed motor development due to joint hypermobility and benign hypotonia. The study groups comprised 29 infants (8-12 months) who were randomly placed into a monthly and weekly treatment groups. No difference was ...
Walch Elisabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Speech development is frequently impaired in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Few and controversial data have been published on concepts regarding the influence of bilingual education. AIMS: The objectives of the current study were to assess the influence of parental bilingualism on speech development and neurodevelopmental outcome in ...
Cohen-Katan Shlomo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in medical and surgical care the mortality rate of congenital diaphragmatic hernia remains high. Assessment of short-term outcome is important for comparison between different medical centers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term outcome of infants born with symptomatic CDH and to correlate demographic and clinical parameters with short-term ...
Maguire Celeste M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This was a randomized, controlled trial to investigate the effect of Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program on growth, cognitive, psychomotor, and neuromotor development at 1 and 2 years in infants born at <32 weeks' gestational age. METHODS: Infants were randomly assigned within 48 hours of birth to ...
Gow Robert M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An electrocardiogram has been proposed to screen for prolonged QT interval that may predispose infants to sudden death in the first year of life. Understanding the reliability of QT interval measurement will inform the design of a screening program. METHODS: Three pediatric cardiologists measured the QT/RR intervals on 60 ...
Simic Nevena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants born preterm are at risk of both transiently reduced thyroid hormone levels and impaired neurocognitive development, including attention deficits. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of reduced thyroid hormone levels on general neurodevelopment and attention at 3 months corrected age. METHODS: Sixty-four infants born ...
Li Qiang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the benefits of maternal multimicronutrient supplementation during gestation on the mental and psychomotor development of infants. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, pregnant women (N = 5828) in 2 rural counties in western China were assigned randomly to receive multimicronutrient (5 minerals and 10 vitamins at ...
Lung For-Wey - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prediction of development among 6-, 18-, and 36-month-old infants on the Bayley Scale of Infant Development (BSID). METHODS: One hundred infants were assessed using the BSID at 6 months; of these, 70 completed the 18 and 36 month assessment ...
Lodha Abhay - - 2009
AIM: In this study, we evaluated the Clinical Risk Index for Babies - revised (CRIB-II) score as a predictor of long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants at 36 months' corrected age. METHOD: CRIB-II scores, which include birthweight, gestational age, sex, admission temperature, and base excess, were recorded prospectively on all ...
Lina Kurdahi - - 2009
By adopting more appropriate statistical methods to appraise data from a previously published randomized controlled trial, the statistical and clinical significance of an intervention on the 18-month neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with suspected brain injury is evaluated. The intervention group (n = 32) receives extensive, individualized cognitive/sensorimotor stimulation by public ...
Davis Elysia Poggi EP Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA. - - 2009
This study examined developmental differences in infants' salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and cortisol levels and responses to the well-baby exam/inoculation stress protocol at 2, 6, 12, and 24 months of age. Mother-infant pairs (n=85; 45 girls) were assessed during well-baby visits and saliva was sampled before the well-baby exam/inoculation procedure (pre-test) ...
Bain James R - - 2009
OBJECT: In the literature, the best recommendations are imprecise as to the timing and selection of infants with obstetrical brachial plexus injury (OBPI) for surgical intervention. There is a gray zone (GZ) in which the decision as to the benefits and risks of surgery versus no surgery is not clear. ...
Oh Albert K - - 2009
Multiple risk factors for deformational plagiocephaly (DP) have been reported. The purpose of this study was to establish the impact of these variables on the severity of this deformity. A prospective cohort study was performed. Parents completed a standardized questionnaire assessing potential risk factors for DP before assessment. Examination included ...
Ling Z J - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Current medical advances have increased the survival rate of the premature infant with its complications. Risk factors for prematurity include maternal diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking and alcohol intake. METHODS: A true/false questionnaire survey focusing on risk factors, outcomes/follow-up and costs was administered to adults attending a parenting-related public forum. ...
Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U - - 2009
AIM: Assessment of risk predictors for adverse neurodevelopmental outcome at 1 year of age in preterm infants with a gestational age <30 weeks (Group I) and 30-32 weeks (Group II). METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2006, we prospectively enrolled 310 live-born infants between 23 and 32 weeks of gestation. ...
Kaspers Ageeth G - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this work was to study the effect of maternal psychological symptoms on infant development 1 year after early-onset hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. METHODS: All mothers were enrolled in the Pre-eclampsia, Eclampsia TRial Amsterdam. Mothers were asked to complete the 90-item Symptom Check List (SCL-90) at the ...
Spittle Alicia J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the predictive value of qualitative MRI of brain structure at term and general movements assessments at 1 and 3 months' corrected age for motor outcome at 1 year's corrected age in very preterm infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-six very preterm infants ...
Milne Lisa - - 2009
The aim of this study was to follow-up infants who were assessed in early infancy, at approximately 6 months of age, to determine the developmental impact of social withdrawal at approximately 30 months of age. Infants were administered the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Third Edition, and the mothers complete the ...
Ohman Anna - - 2009
Recently it has been claimed that infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) are at risk of a delay in early motor milestones. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether infants with CMT are indeed at risk in comparison with a control group of healthy infants. A second ...
Vanderveen J A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine in a systematic review, whether interventions for infant development that involve parents, improve neurodevelopment at 12 months corrected age or older. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized trials were identified where an infant intervention was aimed to improve development and involved parents of preterms; and long-term neurodevelopment using standardized tests ...
Fjørtoft Toril - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A detailed analysis of infant motor behaviour can show up indicators for later neurological impairment. The "Assessment of Motor Repertoire--3 to 5 Months", which is part of Prechtl's general movement assessment, could potentially be used for this purpose. The aim of the present study was to investigate inter-observer reliability ...
Badr Lina Kurdahi - - 2009
This multi-center correlational prospective study examined early neonatal predictors of neurodevelopment in 59 premature infants (mean birth weight=1713.8+/-1242.5 g; mean gestational age=31.2+/-3.6 weeks) suspected to have sustained brain injury at birth. The mental and motor development of the infants selected from five university-affiliated hospitals was assessed at baseline (59 infants), ...
Ehrenstein Vera - - 2009
Apgar score was devised with the aim to standardize the assessment of newborns. It has been used worldwide to evaluate infants' condition immediately after birth, to determine their need for resuscitation, and to evaluate the effectiveness of resuscitation. Apgar score was never intended for prediction of outcome beyond the immediate ...
Worobey John - - 2009
Studies of infant temperament are inconsistent with regard to convergence across measurement sources. In addition, little published work is available that describes temperament in minority infants. In this study, measures of temperament at 3- and 6-months were made for 24 African-American infants. Although maternal ratings of activity and fussiness did ...
Deffeyes Joan E - - 2009
By quantifying the information entropy of postural sway data, the complexity of the postural movement of different populations can be assessed, giving insight into pathologic motor control functioning. In this study, developmental delay of motor control function in infants was assessed by analysis of sitting postural sway data acquired from ...
Harris Susan R - - 2009
The primary purpose of this clinical report was to compare parents' concerns about their infants' suspected motor delays with scores on the Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT) and the Bayley-II Motor Scale. The second purpose was to determine whether there was agreement in categorizing the delays on the 2 tests. ...
Al-Saleh Iman - - 2009
The goal of this study was to assess the effect of prenatal and postnatal lead exposure on early cognitive development of infants using the Bayley Scale of Infant Development (BSID-I) at the age of 6, 12, 18, and 24 months in a longitudinal study. Based on the results of 653 ...
Kennedy Eileen - - 2009
Concurrent with recommendations to place infants to sleep in supine, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of infants with positional plagiocephaly (PP). Recent evidence suggests that infants who have decreased exposure to prone position may have a higher incidence of PP and may be at risk for ...
Zheng Yun - - 2009
The normal trajectory of early prelingual auditory development from birth to 24 months of age was characterized in a sample of 120 normal-hearing infants and toddlers of Mandarin-Chinese-speaking parents. The Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (IT-MAIS) was administered to parents as a structured interview during routine pediatric health examinations. Developmental ...
Lynch Amy - - 2009
Power mobility is a critical assistive technology for many children with special needs. Our previous work suggests that certain infants younger than the age 1 year of age can participate in formal power mobility training. This case report describes the feasibility of providing a power mobility training program with a ...
Taffoni F F Laboratory of Biomedical Robotics and Biomicrosystems, Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, 00128 Roma - Italy. - - 2009
This paper describes an interdisciplinary approach to the assessment on infants' behavior, with a focus on the technology. The goal is an objective, quantitative analysis of concurrent maturation of sensory, motor and cognitive abilities in young children, in relation to the achievement of developmental milestones. An instrumented block-box toy specifically ...
Spittle Alicia J - - 2009
Early developmental interventions to prevent the high rate of neurodevelopmental problems in very preterm children, including cognitive, motor and behavioral impairments, are urgently needed. These interventions should be multi-faceted and include modules for caregivers given their high rates of mental health problems. We have designed a randomized controlled trial to ...
Tluczek Audrey A University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Nursing, Madison, WI 53792, USA. - - 2009
Identifying the most efficient and theoretically appropriate methods to assess patient anxiety in fast-paced medical environments may be beneficial for clinical purposes as well as for research. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of two previously published six-item versions of the State form of ...
Gray Gaelan Mahina - - 2009
This case report describes a method of differential diagnosis for torticollis in a 4-month-old male infant who also had hydrocephalus. The infant presented to physical therapy (PT) with a "classic torticollis posture." Differential diagnosis was completed to determine the cause of the signs and the appropriate intervention. PT consisted of ...
Harrison Denise - - 2009
AIM: Describe the utilization of analgesic and sedative medications and documentation of pain scores in a cohort of critically ill infants in a neonatal intensive care unit. METHOD: A prospective, longitudinal, cohort study of infants with a predicted length of stay > or =28 days. Dosages and routes of administration ...
Domsch Holger - - 2009
Childhood tests of intelligence are often composed of several different tasks or scales. In contrast to this, many studies assessing early indicators of cognitive ability include only one or two different infant paradigms. The present study employs an extended set of infant paradigms for the prediction of childhood development and ...
Teulier Caroline - - 2009
Infants with myelomeningocele (MMC) have difficulty with, and show delays in, acquiring functional skills, such as walking. This study examined whether infants with MMC will respond to treadmill practice by producing stepping patterns or at least motor activity during the first year after birth. This study also compared the stepping ...
Bekkali Noor - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop an infant stool scale describing consistency, amount, and color and test its usefulness by assessing the differences between term and preterm infants, between breastfed and formula fed infants and examining interobserver and intraobserver variability. STUDY DESIGN: Information about gestational age, postnatal age, and feeding type was collected ...
McDougall P - - 2009
AIMS: To identify infants with early weight faltering at the 6-8-week check and examine their family circumstances, feeding and behavioural development. METHODS: Over a 2-year period, the weight gain of all infants born in an area of North East England was screened. z Scores for weights at birth and at ...
Beligere N - - 2008
There is a paucity of information on long-term outcome of infants who have suffered from meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) in the neonatal period. We analyzed long-term developmental outcome data of 35 infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at the University of Illinois Hospital at Chicago ...
Nobre Sónia Rito - - 2008
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a severe complication in cirrhotics with ascites. Early identification of high-risk patients is crucial for prognostic improvement. Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) relies on a few objective variables and predicts short-term survival. We aimed to determine the predictive value of MELD ...
Fewtrell M S - - 2008
Preterm infants are at risk of osteopenia and metabolic bone disease (MBD) of prematurity. There is a need for simple, reliable methods to detect and monitor this condition. AIMS: The aims were first to describe longitudinal changes in speed of sound (SOS) measured using quantitative ultrasound (QUS; Sunlight Omnisense, Israel) ...
Burger Marlette - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The assessment of general movements (GMs), introduced by Professor Heinz Prechtl and his co-workers in the early 1990s, may offer the opportunity to identify infants with neurological deficits at a very early age. AIM: The aim of this review was to systematically assess available data in order to determine ...
Arditi-Babchuk Hadar - - 2009
Different aspects of early sleep organization have been associated with subsequent development in premature infants. The aim of the present study was to assess the relations between rapid eye movement (REM) activity in premature neonates and infants' developmental outcomes at 6 months. Participants were 81 premature infants (47 males). Sleep-wake ...
Stephens Bonnie E - - 2008
Effects on a family of a child with chronic illness have been described. The Impact on Family Scale (IOF) was developed to measure these effects. The impact of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with neurodevelopmental impairment on families is unknown. This study determined IOF scores for families of ELBW ...
Lindsay Natalie M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infants who suffer hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) at birth are at increased risk of developmental disability. In this at-risk population, reliable, inexpensive and early identification of those children who are likely to require formal developmental assessment and intervention is needed. AIM: To evaluate the ability of the Ages and Stages ...
Hall Pauline L - - 2008
AIM: The impact of psychosocial and demographic factors on symptoms of postpartum depression remains unclear. This study aimed to explore whether particular maternal sociodemographic variables were associated with postpartum negative thoughts and negative appraisals. METHODS: Data were collected from a community sample of 181 mothers with infants aged 0 to ...
Sultana Saadia S Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Unit-I, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur. - - 2008
To determine the accuracy of antepartum Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) of < or = 5 cm as a predictor of adverse outcome at birth in high-risk pregnancies. Cross-sectional study. Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit I, Holy Family Hospital and Railway Teaching Hospital Complex, Rawalpindi, from February 2003 to January 2004. One ...
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