Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1530
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Raz Sarah - - 2010
With the increasing survival of extremely preterm (EP) birth infants in the surfactant era, the longer-term outcome of infants born at the threshold of viability has become a vital topic of study. The goal of this investigation was twofold. First, while taking into account the influence of sociodemographic confounds, we ...
Koldewijn Karen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP) improves development and behavior in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 24-month corrected age. STUDY DESIGN: In a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial 86 infants received postdischarge intervention until 6-month corrected age. The intervention consisted of supporting infants' ...
Harris Susan R - - 2010
We compared abilities of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) and the Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT), during the infant's first year, in predicting scores on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) at age 2 and 3 years. This prospective study involved 144 infants (71 females, 73 males), assessed ...
Dammann Olaf - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Illness severity scores predict death among infants admitted to NICUs. We know of no study limited to a population defined by an extremely low gestational age. METHODS: A total of 1467 infants born before the 28th postmenstrual week at 14 institutions were given Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology II ...
Mercer J S JS College of Nursing, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA. - - 2010
The results from our previous trial revealed that infants with delayed cord clamping (DCC) had significantly lesser intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and late-onset sepsis (LOS) than infants with immediate cord clamping (ICC). A priori, we hypothesized that infants with DCC would have better motor function by 7 months corrected age. Infants ...
Matsuzaki Tachiyo - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of persistent neurodevelopmental sequelae in 1-year-old infants after open heart surgery for congenital heart disease, using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development second edition (BSID-II). A secondary objective was to confirm the applicability and usefulness of the BSID-II in Japanese ...
Deffeyes Joan E - - 2009
Upright sitting is one of the first motor skills an infant learns, and thus sitting postural control provides an early window into the infant's motor development. Early identification of infants with motor developmental delay, such as infants with cerebral palsy, allows for early therapeutic intervention by physical therapists. Early intervention ...
Brown Mark S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that higher cumulative doses of recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) for extremely preterm infants during the first 6 postnatal weeks would improve developmental outcomes, as evidenced in evaluations with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II Revised. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study with a data set for a ...
Torres-Sánchez Luisa - - 2009
In order to evaluate the persistency of the association between DDE and infant neurodevelopment we assessed mental and psychomotor development between 12 and 30 months of age in an ongoing cohort in Mexico. A total of 270 singleton children without perinatal asphyxia diagnosis, with a birth weight > or =2 ...
Haapsamo Helena - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare 3 questionnaires used to evaluate early developmental problems, emotional disturbances and competence in 18-month-old infants. STUDY DESIGN: A follow-up study with parents of infants 8 to 36 months of age who responded to a developmental questionnaire. METHODS: Fifty infants (18 months of age) were evaluated through 3 ...
Gelfer Yael - - 2009
Static measures data for infants are used in clinical practice and studies without published reliabilities. Intraobserver reliabilities for static measures were assessed in normally developing feet and clubfeet. Coefficient of repeatability was used for reliability. Variability in reliability was found. Ankle dorsiflexion, calf circumference and foot length were considered to ...
Eriksen Willy - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to the Hong Kong flu, an influenza pandemic that haunted Europe during winter 1969 to 1970, was associated with reduced intelligence in adulthood. METHODS: Data from the Medical Birth Register of Norway were linked with register data from the National Conscript Service. ...
Sankhyan Naveen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Use of clinical assessment of nutrition status (CAN) score to assess the prevalence of fetal malnutrition among term newborns and to compare other anthropometric criteria used to assess fetal growth. METHODS: Prospective study of 529 term healthy newborns assessed using CAN score. Complete anthropometric assessment and determination of weight ...
Orton Jane - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to review the effects of early developmental intervention after discharge from hospital on motor and cognitive development in preterm infants. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs of early developmental intervention programmes for preterm infants in which motor or cognitive outcomes were reported ...
Prada Fredy F Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, - - 2009
Amplatzer devices are used for the percutaneous closure of ostium secundum atrial septal defects, muscular ventricular septal defects, and patent ductus arteriosus. However, very little experience has been gained in using these devices in infants under 1 year of age. Between January 2001 and January 2008, 22 symptomatic infants aged ...
de Campos Ana Carolina - - 2010
Reaching and grasping skills have been described to emerge from a dynamic interaction between intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The aims of the study were to investigate the effect of such intrinsic factors as age and Down syndrome on the development of reaching and grasping skills and on overall gross motor ...
Bode Michelle M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine changes that have occurred over the past 20 years in perinatal characteristics, neonatal treatments, morbidities, and early neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants born at < or =30 weeks' gestation. METHODS: This was a prospective regional study including all live-born infants < or =30 weeks' gestation born between July ...
Tatishvili Nino - - 2010
Three hundred-forty-eight out of a regional population of 1272 newborn infants were randomly chosen and followed neurologically until age of two years to study the epidemiology of neurodevelopmental disorders, and to reveal the main factors influencing outcome. The most frequent neonatal pathologies were low Apgar scores - 45 (3.5%), neonatal ...
Dammann Olaf - - 2010
Illness severity measures predict death and illnesses in the newborn. It is unknown how well they predict brain lesions evident on ultrasound scans or neurodevelopmental dysfunctions in preterm infants. A total of 1,399 inborn infants born before the 28th week of gestation were given Scores for Neonatal Acute Physiology (SNAP-II ...
Janssen Anjo J W M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Approximately 60% of preterm infants who are assessed at 5 years for motor performance in a standardized multidisciplinary follow-up program are found to have normal results, indicating that, for these children, routine motor assessment at this age is unnecessary. AIM: To improve the efficiency of our follow-up practice for ...
Rocha Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira - - 2009
This prospective cross-sectional study aimed to characterize variability in the levels of postural control in supine and prone positions in typical 0-4-month-old infants by using the Chailey Levels of Abilities Scale. Forty infants were divided into five groups of eight infants, according to their age. In supine, the levels varied ...
Rosenberg Rebecca E RE Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2010
Sepsis is a leading cause of mortality for neonates in developing countries; however, little research has focused on clinical predictors of nosocomial infection of preterm neonates in the low-resource setting. We sought to validate the only existing feasible score introduced by Singh et al. in 2003 and to create an ...
Laughon Matthew - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) are at increased risk of chronic lung disease (CLD) and of developmental delay. Some studies have suggested that CLD contributes to developmental delay. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined data collected prospectively on 915 infants born before the 28th week of gestation in 2002-2004 ...
Amess P - - 2010
AIM: To assess the developmental outcome of very preterm infants using a developmental screening tool deliverable by health visitors. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of preterm infants born at <32 weeks gestation or <1500g. Infants were assessed at 12 and 24 months corrected age using the Schedule of Growing Skills ...
Manktelow B N BN Department of Health Sciences, 22-28 Princess Road West, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK. - - 2010
To validate Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB) and CRIB II mortality prediction scores in a UK population of infants born at </=32 weeks' gestation, and investigate CRIB II calculated without admission temperature. Infants born at 22-32 weeks' gestation to mothers resident in a UK region in 2005-2006 admitted for ...
Oakes Lisa M - - 2009
In this article, I propose that the big question for the field of infant cognitive development is best characterized as the "Humpty Dumpty problem": Now that we have studied cognitive abilities in isolation, how do we put the developing cognitive system (and the infant) back together again? This problem is ...
Lúcio C F - - 2009
There are limited data concerning blood gas parameters in neonatal dogs. Knowledge of the normal physiology may facilitate effective therapeutic intervention and potentially reduce neonatal mortality. This study examined acid-base parameters in pups born at normal parturition (n = 27) compared with those born after obstetrical assistance or caesarean operation ...
Kyvelidou Anastasia A Department of Health Physical Education and Recreation, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE 68182-0216, - - 2009
To determine the reliability of linear and nonlinear tools, including intrasession and intersession reliability, when used to analyze the center of pressure (COP) time series during the development of infant sitting postural control. Longitudinal study. University hospital laboratory. Typically developing infants (N=33; mean +/- SD age at entry in the ...
Da Costa David D Department of Pediatrics, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI, - - 2009
The increased survival of infants born at extremely low birthweight (ELBW) has been associated with significant morbidity, including higher rates of neurodevelopmental disability. However, formalized testing to evaluate these problems is both time-consuming and costly. The revised Functional Status questionnaire (FS-II) was designed to assess caregivers' perceptions of the functional ...
Rüdiger Mario - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The Apgar score should be an objective method to assess the state of newborns; however, its applicability in preterm infants is hampered by large variations among different observers. The study tested whether physicians that give low scores to written case descriptions also apply lower scores to preterm infants. PATIENTS ...
Addison K - - 2009
Sepsis in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants has been associated with an increased risk of adverse developmental outcome. We have identified abnormal heart rate characteristics (HRCs) that are predictive of impending sepsis, and we have developed a summary measure of an infant's abnormal HRCs during the neonatal hospitalization that ...
Hutchison B L - - 2009
AIM: To describe the characteristics, developmental status and severity of head shape deformation in infants presenting to a plagiocephaly clinic. METHODS: Head shape was measured and neck function assessed in 287 consecutive infants presenting to a plagiocephaly outpatient clinic. Information was obtained on demographic and obstetric factors, plagiocephaly history and ...
Kodric Jana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: While the predictive value of general movements for later cerebral palsy is well known, its value to predict minor neurological and developmental impairments is less clear. AIM: To analyze the results of the assessment of general movements in relation to the developmental outcome measured by the Bayley scales of ...
Matson Johnny L - - 2009
PURPOSE: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterized by severe and debilitating symptoms including stereotyped and repetitive behaviours. Stereotypies and repetitive behaviours constitute core features of ASD and markedly impede attempts to remediate the disorder. Little previous research has examined characteristics of the core features of ASD in infants. METHOD: In ...
Fodstad Jill C - - 2009
PURPOSE: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of conditions characterized by symptoms that onset in early childhood. Deficits in social skills and communication are two of the core features of ASD and, if not remediated, can lead to poor long-term outcomes. Few researchers have examined characteristics of social skills ...
Mello Rosane Reis de - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The increase in survival of premature newborns has sparked growing interest in the prediction of their long-term neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of neuromotor abnormalities at the corrected age of 12 months and to identify the predictive factors associated with altered neuromotor development in very low birth weight ...
Rogers Sally J SJ MIND Institute, University of California Davis, Sacramento, USA. - - 2009
International research to understand infant patterns of development in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has recently focused on a research paradigm involving prospective longitudinal studies of infant siblings of children with autism. Such designs use a comparison group of infant siblings without any familial risks (the low-risk group) to gather longitudinal ...
Rastogi Pallav Kumar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Validation of Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB II) score in predicting the neonatal mortality in preterm neonates < or = 32 weeks gestational age. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care neonatal unit. SUBJECTS: 86 consecutively born preterm neonates with gestational age < or = 32 weeks. METHODS: ...
McKee Lara A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between PaCO2 in the first 4 days of life and neurodevelopment at 18 to 22 months. STUDY DESIGN: Stepwise regression and exhaustive CHAID (Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector) analyses were done for neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI), mental developmental index (MDI), and psychomotor developmental index (PDI) using clinical ...
Benjasuwantep Banchaun - - 2009
The aim of this study was to define the bowel movements of healthy Thai infants up to 12 months of age. Fifty infants were evaluated at 1, 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months of age. Data regarding bowel habits was recorded by parents daily for 2 days before coming ...
Tannenbaum Gloria Shaffer - - 2009
Failure to thrive (FTT) is a term used to describe inadequate growth in infants. The immediate cause is undernutrition. Ghrelin is a potent orexigenic hormone that induces a positive energy balance and enhances appetite. There is no information regarding the possible role of ghrelin in infants with FTT. The aim ...
Dixon Glenys - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the validity and potential value of the parent-completed Infant/Child Monitoring Questionnaire (IMQ) as a screening measure for developmental delay in high-risk infants. METHODS: One hundred and forty-one term infants born with moderate or severe newborn encephalopathy (NE) and 374 randomly selected comparison infants were administered a Griffiths ...
Allen Marilee C - - 2009
The objective of the study was to follow neuromaturation in preterm infants. From serial exams in 90 low risk very low birthweight infants, each infant's Maturity Scores (the sum of tone, reflex, and response items) were plotted against postmenstrual age (PMA) when examined. Each infant's estimated line of best fit ...
Kyvelidou Anastasia A HPER Biomechanics Lab, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, Nebraska 68182-0216, - - 2009
Our goal was to determine how the actions of the thorax and the pelvis are organized and coordinated to achieve independent sitting posture in typically developing infants. The participants were 10 typically developing infants who were evaluated longitudinally from first onset of sitting until sitting independence. Each infant underwent nine ...
Tsai Sen-Wei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants often have difficulty in achieving a coordinated sucking pattern. To analyze the correlation between preterm infants with disorganized sucking and future development, weekly studies were performed of 27 preterm infants from initiation of bottle feeding until a normal sucking pattern was recognized. METHODS: A total of 27 ...
Fuller Stephanie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: For most newborns, congenital heart defects (CHD) appear to be isolated anomalies and the brain is presumed to have normal developmental potential. Most studies of neurodevelopmental outcomes have focused on operative management strategies. METHODS: Infants with complex CHD and no identified syndromes other than 22q11 microdeletions enrolled in a ...
van Ierland Y - - 2010
Most infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) are observed clinically for 24 h postnatally. Only 5% of infants born through MSAF develop the meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), a serious condition requiring medical intervention. To evaluate the value of 24-h postnatal observation of infants born through MSAF. A cohort of ...
Ullenhag Anna - - 2009
AIM: To compare motor performance in supine position at the age of 4-months corrected age (CA) in very preterm (VPT) infants cared for in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) before and after the implementation of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP). METHODS: Assessments of motor performance ...
Walch Elisabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Speech development is frequently impaired in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Few and controversial data have been published on concepts regarding the influence of bilingual education. AIMS: The objectives of the current study were to assess the influence of parental bilingualism on speech development and neurodevelopmental outcome in ...
Mintz-Itkin Rina - - 2009
This study examined the effect of the frequency of physical therapy on the outcome of infants referred for delayed motor development due to joint hypermobility and benign hypotonia. The study groups comprised 29 infants (8-12 months) who were randomly placed into a monthly and weekly treatment groups. No difference was ...
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