Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1518
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Sankhyan Naveen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Use of clinical assessment of nutrition status (CAN) score to assess the prevalence of fetal malnutrition among term newborns and to compare other anthropometric criteria used to assess fetal growth. METHODS: Prospective study of 529 term healthy newborns assessed using CAN score. Complete anthropometric assessment and determination of weight ...
Orton Jane - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to review the effects of early developmental intervention after discharge from hospital on motor and cognitive development in preterm infants. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs of early developmental intervention programmes for preterm infants in which motor or cognitive outcomes were reported ...
Prada Fredy F Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, - - 2009
Amplatzer devices are used for the percutaneous closure of ostium secundum atrial septal defects, muscular ventricular septal defects, and patent ductus arteriosus. However, very little experience has been gained in using these devices in infants under 1 year of age. Between January 2001 and January 2008, 22 symptomatic infants aged ...
de Campos Ana Carolina - - 2010
Reaching and grasping skills have been described to emerge from a dynamic interaction between intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The aims of the study were to investigate the effect of such intrinsic factors as age and Down syndrome on the development of reaching and grasping skills and on overall gross motor ...
Bode Michelle M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine changes that have occurred over the past 20 years in perinatal characteristics, neonatal treatments, morbidities, and early neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants born at < or =30 weeks' gestation. METHODS: This was a prospective regional study including all live-born infants < or =30 weeks' gestation born between July ...
Tatishvili Nino - - 2010
Three hundred-forty-eight out of a regional population of 1272 newborn infants were randomly chosen and followed neurologically until age of two years to study the epidemiology of neurodevelopmental disorders, and to reveal the main factors influencing outcome. The most frequent neonatal pathologies were low Apgar scores - 45 (3.5%), neonatal ...
Dammann Olaf - - 2010
Illness severity measures predict death and illnesses in the newborn. It is unknown how well they predict brain lesions evident on ultrasound scans or neurodevelopmental dysfunctions in preterm infants. A total of 1,399 inborn infants born before the 28th week of gestation were given Scores for Neonatal Acute Physiology (SNAP-II ...
Janssen Anjo J W M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Approximately 60% of preterm infants who are assessed at 5 years for motor performance in a standardized multidisciplinary follow-up program are found to have normal results, indicating that, for these children, routine motor assessment at this age is unnecessary. AIM: To improve the efficiency of our follow-up practice for ...
Rocha Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira - - 2009
This prospective cross-sectional study aimed to characterize variability in the levels of postural control in supine and prone positions in typical 0-4-month-old infants by using the Chailey Levels of Abilities Scale. Forty infants were divided into five groups of eight infants, according to their age. In supine, the levels varied ...
Rosenberg Rebecca E - - 2010
Sepsis is a leading cause of mortality for neonates in developing countries; however, little research has focused on clinical predictors of nosocomial infection of preterm neonates in the low-resource setting. We sought to validate the only existing feasible score introduced by Singh et al. in 2003 and to create an ...
Laughon Matthew - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) are at increased risk of chronic lung disease (CLD) and of developmental delay. Some studies have suggested that CLD contributes to developmental delay. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined data collected prospectively on 915 infants born before the 28th week of gestation in 2002-2004 ...
Amess P - - 2010
AIM: To assess the developmental outcome of very preterm infants using a developmental screening tool deliverable by health visitors. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of preterm infants born at <32 weeks gestation or <1500g. Infants were assessed at 12 and 24 months corrected age using the Schedule of Growing Skills ...
Manktelow B N BN Department of Health Sciences, 22-28 Princess Road West, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK. - - 2010
To validate Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB) and CRIB II mortality prediction scores in a UK population of infants born at </=32 weeks' gestation, and investigate CRIB II calculated without admission temperature. Infants born at 22-32 weeks' gestation to mothers resident in a UK region in 2005-2006 admitted for ...
Oakes Lisa M - - 2009
In this article, I propose that the big question for the field of infant cognitive development is best characterized as the "Humpty Dumpty problem": Now that we have studied cognitive abilities in isolation, how do we put the developing cognitive system (and the infant) back together again? This problem is ...
Lúcio C F - - 2009
There are limited data concerning blood gas parameters in neonatal dogs. Knowledge of the normal physiology may facilitate effective therapeutic intervention and potentially reduce neonatal mortality. This study examined acid-base parameters in pups born at normal parturition (n = 27) compared with those born after obstetrical assistance or caesarean operation ...
Kyvelidou Anastasia - - 2009
To determine the reliability of linear and nonlinear tools, including intrasession and intersession reliability, when used to analyze the center of pressure (COP) time series during the development of infant sitting postural control. Longitudinal study. University hospital laboratory. Typically developing infants (N=33; mean +/- SD age at entry in the ...
Da Costa David D Department of Pediatrics, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI, - - 2009
The increased survival of infants born at extremely low birthweight (ELBW) has been associated with significant morbidity, including higher rates of neurodevelopmental disability. However, formalized testing to evaluate these problems is both time-consuming and costly. The revised Functional Status questionnaire (FS-II) was designed to assess caregivers' perceptions of the functional ...
Rüdiger Mario - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The Apgar score should be an objective method to assess the state of newborns; however, its applicability in preterm infants is hampered by large variations among different observers. The study tested whether physicians that give low scores to written case descriptions also apply lower scores to preterm infants. PATIENTS ...
Addison K - - 2009
Sepsis in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants has been associated with an increased risk of adverse developmental outcome. We have identified abnormal heart rate characteristics (HRCs) that are predictive of impending sepsis, and we have developed a summary measure of an infant's abnormal HRCs during the neonatal hospitalization that ...
Hutchison B L - - 2009
AIM: To describe the characteristics, developmental status and severity of head shape deformation in infants presenting to a plagiocephaly clinic. METHODS: Head shape was measured and neck function assessed in 287 consecutive infants presenting to a plagiocephaly outpatient clinic. Information was obtained on demographic and obstetric factors, plagiocephaly history and ...
Kodric Jana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: While the predictive value of general movements for later cerebral palsy is well known, its value to predict minor neurological and developmental impairments is less clear. AIM: To analyze the results of the assessment of general movements in relation to the developmental outcome measured by the Bayley scales of ...
Matson Johnny L - - 2009
PURPOSE: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterized by severe and debilitating symptoms including stereotyped and repetitive behaviours. Stereotypies and repetitive behaviours constitute core features of ASD and markedly impede attempts to remediate the disorder. Little previous research has examined characteristics of the core features of ASD in infants. METHOD: In ...
Fodstad Jill C - - 2009
PURPOSE: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of conditions characterized by symptoms that onset in early childhood. Deficits in social skills and communication are two of the core features of ASD and, if not remediated, can lead to poor long-term outcomes. Few researchers have examined characteristics of social skills ...
Mello Rosane Reis de - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The increase in survival of premature newborns has sparked growing interest in the prediction of their long-term neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of neuromotor abnormalities at the corrected age of 12 months and to identify the predictive factors associated with altered neuromotor development in very low birth weight ...
Rogers Sally J - - 2009
International research to understand infant patterns of development in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has recently focused on a research paradigm involving prospective longitudinal studies of infant siblings of children with autism. Such designs use a comparison group of infant siblings without any familial risks (the low-risk group) to gather longitudinal ...
Rastogi Pallav Kumar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Validation of Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB II) score in predicting the neonatal mortality in preterm neonates < or = 32 weeks gestational age. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care neonatal unit. SUBJECTS: 86 consecutively born preterm neonates with gestational age < or = 32 weeks. METHODS: ...
McKee Lara A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between PaCO2 in the first 4 days of life and neurodevelopment at 18 to 22 months. STUDY DESIGN: Stepwise regression and exhaustive CHAID (Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector) analyses were done for neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI), mental developmental index (MDI), and psychomotor developmental index (PDI) using clinical ...
Benjasuwantep Banchaun - - 2009
The aim of this study was to define the bowel movements of healthy Thai infants up to 12 months of age. Fifty infants were evaluated at 1, 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months of age. Data regarding bowel habits was recorded by parents daily for 2 days before coming ...
Tannenbaum Gloria Shaffer - - 2009
Failure to thrive (FTT) is a term used to describe inadequate growth in infants. The immediate cause is undernutrition. Ghrelin is a potent orexigenic hormone that induces a positive energy balance and enhances appetite. There is no information regarding the possible role of ghrelin in infants with FTT. The aim ...
Dixon Glenys - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the validity and potential value of the parent-completed Infant/Child Monitoring Questionnaire (IMQ) as a screening measure for developmental delay in high-risk infants. METHODS: One hundred and forty-one term infants born with moderate or severe newborn encephalopathy (NE) and 374 randomly selected comparison infants were administered a Griffiths ...
Allen Marilee C - - 2009
The objective of the study was to follow neuromaturation in preterm infants. From serial exams in 90 low risk very low birthweight infants, each infant's Maturity Scores (the sum of tone, reflex, and response items) were plotted against postmenstrual age (PMA) when examined. Each infant's estimated line of best fit ...
Kyvelidou Anastasia - - 2009
Our goal was to determine how the actions of the thorax and the pelvis are organized and coordinated to achieve independent sitting posture in typically developing infants. The participants were 10 typically developing infants who were evaluated longitudinally from first onset of sitting until sitting independence. Each infant underwent nine ...
Tsai Sen-Wei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants often have difficulty in achieving a coordinated sucking pattern. To analyze the correlation between preterm infants with disorganized sucking and future development, weekly studies were performed of 27 preterm infants from initiation of bottle feeding until a normal sucking pattern was recognized. METHODS: A total of 27 ...
Fuller Stephanie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: For most newborns, congenital heart defects (CHD) appear to be isolated anomalies and the brain is presumed to have normal developmental potential. Most studies of neurodevelopmental outcomes have focused on operative management strategies. METHODS: Infants with complex CHD and no identified syndromes other than 22q11 microdeletions enrolled in a ...
van Ierland Y - - 2010
Most infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) are observed clinically for 24 h postnatally. Only 5% of infants born through MSAF develop the meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), a serious condition requiring medical intervention. To evaluate the value of 24-h postnatal observation of infants born through MSAF. A cohort of ...
Ullenhag Anna - - 2009
AIM: To compare motor performance in supine position at the age of 4-months corrected age (CA) in very preterm (VPT) infants cared for in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) before and after the implementation of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP). METHODS: Assessments of motor performance ...
Walch Elisabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Speech development is frequently impaired in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Few and controversial data have been published on concepts regarding the influence of bilingual education. AIMS: The objectives of the current study were to assess the influence of parental bilingualism on speech development and neurodevelopmental outcome in ...
Mintz-Itkin Rina - - 2009
This study examined the effect of the frequency of physical therapy on the outcome of infants referred for delayed motor development due to joint hypermobility and benign hypotonia. The study groups comprised 29 infants (8-12 months) who were randomly placed into a monthly and weekly treatment groups. No difference was ...
Simic Nevena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants born preterm are at risk of both transiently reduced thyroid hormone levels and impaired neurocognitive development, including attention deficits. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of reduced thyroid hormone levels on general neurodevelopment and attention at 3 months corrected age. METHODS: Sixty-four infants born ...
Maguire Celeste M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This was a randomized, controlled trial to investigate the effect of Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program on growth, cognitive, psychomotor, and neuromotor development at 1 and 2 years in infants born at <32 weeks' gestational age. METHODS: Infants were randomly assigned within 48 hours of birth to ...
Li Qiang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the benefits of maternal multimicronutrient supplementation during gestation on the mental and psychomotor development of infants. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, pregnant women (N = 5828) in 2 rural counties in western China were assigned randomly to receive multimicronutrient (5 minerals and 10 vitamins at ...
Cohen-Katan Shlomo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in medical and surgical care the mortality rate of congenital diaphragmatic hernia remains high. Assessment of short-term outcome is important for comparison between different medical centers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term outcome of infants born with symptomatic CDH and to correlate demographic and clinical parameters with short-term ...
Gow Robert M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An electrocardiogram has been proposed to screen for prolonged QT interval that may predispose infants to sudden death in the first year of life. Understanding the reliability of QT interval measurement will inform the design of a screening program. METHODS: Three pediatric cardiologists measured the QT/RR intervals on 60 ...
Lung For-Wey - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prediction of development among 6-, 18-, and 36-month-old infants on the Bayley Scale of Infant Development (BSID). METHODS: One hundred infants were assessed using the BSID at 6 months; of these, 70 completed the 18 and 36 month assessment ...
Lodha Abhay - - 2009
AIM: In this study, we evaluated the Clinical Risk Index for Babies - revised (CRIB-II) score as a predictor of long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants at 36 months' corrected age. METHOD: CRIB-II scores, which include birthweight, gestational age, sex, admission temperature, and base excess, were recorded prospectively on all ...
Lina Kurdahi - - 2009
By adopting more appropriate statistical methods to appraise data from a previously published randomized controlled trial, the statistical and clinical significance of an intervention on the 18-month neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with suspected brain injury is evaluated. The intervention group (n = 32) receives extensive, individualized cognitive/sensorimotor stimulation by public ...
Davis Elysia Poggi - - 2009
This study examined developmental differences in infants' salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and cortisol levels and responses to the well-baby exam/inoculation stress protocol at 2, 6, 12, and 24 months of age. Mother-infant pairs (n=85; 45 girls) were assessed during well-baby visits and saliva was sampled before the well-baby exam/inoculation procedure (pre-test) ...
Ling Z J - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Current medical advances have increased the survival rate of the premature infant with its complications. Risk factors for prematurity include maternal diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking and alcohol intake. METHODS: A true/false questionnaire survey focusing on risk factors, outcomes/follow-up and costs was administered to adults attending a parenting-related public forum. ...
Oh Albert K - - 2009
Multiple risk factors for deformational plagiocephaly (DP) have been reported. The purpose of this study was to establish the impact of these variables on the severity of this deformity. A prospective cohort study was performed. Parents completed a standardized questionnaire assessing potential risk factors for DP before assessment. Examination included ...
Bain James R - - 2009
OBJECT: In the literature, the best recommendations are imprecise as to the timing and selection of infants with obstetrical brachial plexus injury (OBPI) for surgical intervention. There is a gray zone (GZ) in which the decision as to the benefits and risks of surgery versus no surgery is not clear. ...
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