Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1527
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Neubauer Achim-Peter - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Erythropoietin has been reported to possess neuroprotective properties in animal studies. No previous studies have investigated the neurodevelopmental outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (rEpo) and evaluated it at school age. METHODS: Of 200 ELBW infants treated from 1993 to 1998, 171 ...
Heineman Kirsten R - - 2010
AIM: The Infant Motor Profile (IMP) is a qualitative assessment of motor behaviour of infants aged 3 to 18 months. The aim of this study was to investigate construct validity of the IMP through the relation of IMP scores with prenatal, perinatal, and neonatal variables, including the presence of brain ...
Syrengelas D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) is a norm-referenced test that assesses the spontaneous motor performance of infants from birth through independent walking (0-18 months). This scale has been utilized for clinical and research purposes in various countries, however, whether the initial standardization in Canadian infants is also representative ...
Danzer Enrico - - 2010
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine the short-term neurodevelopmental outcome in infants with giant omphalocele (GO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2007, 31 consecutive infants with GO received prenatal and postnatal care at our institution. Overall survival was 81% (25/31). Twenty (80%) of the ...
Miletin J - - 2010
Recent evidence suggests that high cortisol concentrations are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Neonatal illness severity and mortality risk scores are reliable in predicting morbidity and mortality. The objectives were (i) to assess the correlation between serum cortisol levels and clinical assessment ...
Rautava Liisi - - 2010
The place and time of birth influence the mortality of premature infants. We studied the effect of prematurity, time of birth, birth hospital level and district on the development and behaviour in a national cohort of 5-year-old Finnish very low birthweight infants (VLBWI). All surviving VLBWI (gestational age <32 weeks ...
Fernandez E F EF Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. - - 2010
To measure cortisol, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-stimulated cortisol and ACTH values in the newborn intensive care unit-admitted newborn infants within 48 h before surgery and to describe the relationship of these values to measures of clinical illness before and after surgery. In this prospective observational study, we measured baseline and ACTH-stimulated cortisol ...
Slining Meghan M Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997, USA. - - 2010
To examine how infant overweight and high subcutaneous fat relate to infant motor development. Participants were from the Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity Project, a prospective, longitudinal study of low-income African-American mother-infant dyads assessed from 3 to 18 months of age (836 observations on 217 infants). Exposures were ...
Whitelaw Andrew - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants who develop posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) have a high risk of cognitive and motor disability. No clinical intervention has been proven to reduce neurodevelopmental disability in such infants. We investigated whether drainage, irrigation, and fibrinolytic therapy (DRIFT), which aims to lower pressure, distortion, free iron, and cytokines, ...
Romeo Domenico M - - 2010
Late-preterms represent the 70% of the whole preterm population and are reported to be at higher risk for mortality and morbidity than term infants. To assess neurodevelopmental outcome in low-risk late-preterm infants at 12 and 18 months corrected age, to compare results of corrected and uncorrected age to those of ...
Zimmermann-Baer Urs - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The neonatal abstinence scoring system proposed by Finnegan is used widely in neonatal units to initiate and to guide therapy in babies of opiate-dependent mothers. The purpose of this study was to assess the variability of the scores in newborns and infants not exposed to opiates during the first ...
Garten Lars - - 2010
To evaluate the association between the empathy-based Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FPS-R) and the item-based Neonatal Pain, Agitation and Sedation Scale (N-PASS) when used to assess prolonged distress in term and preterm infants. Sequential prospective psychometric evaluations of distress, at 4-h intervals during a 48-h time period. FPS-R and N-PASS were ...
Montgomery-Downs Hawley E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Children who were born prematurely are at higher risk for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) compared to their same-age peers who were born fullterm. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the frequency of SDB symptoms and effects on growth among preterm infants while they are still infants, ...
Speltz Matthew L ML Seattle Children's Hospital, 4800 Sand Point Way, N.E., Mailstop W-3636, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. - - 2010
We assessed the neurodevelopment of infants with and without deformational plagiocephaly (DP), at an average age of 6 months. The Bayley Scales of Infant Development III (BSID-III) were administered to 235 case subjects and 237 demographically similar, control participants. Three-dimensional head photographs were randomized and rated for severity of deformation ...
Schaaf H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Given the increasing incidence of deformational plagiocephaly due to infants' supine sleeping position to prevent sudden infant death syndrome, reliable anthropometric diagnostics are needed. Besides the traditional method of measuring landmarks with callipers, three-dimensional (3D) photography has great potential. In this investigation the accuracy of 3D photogrammetry is studied. ...
Iverson Jana M JM University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA. - - 2010
ABSTRACTDuring the first eighteen months of life, infants acquire and refine a whole set of new motor skills that significantly change the ways in which the body moves in and interacts with the environment. In this review article, I argue that motor acquisitions provide infants with an opportunity to practice ...
Williams Paige L - - 2010
Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are routinely provided to HIV-infected pregnant women to prevent HIV mother-to-child transmission. Although ARV use has significantly reduced mother-to-child transmission to <2% in the United States, it remains crucial to monitor uninfected infants and children for adverse consequences of in utero ARV exposure. We studied neurodevelopmental function ...
Looper Julia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS) often display delayed onset of independent walking. Treadmill training is an effective intervention that leads to an earlier walking onset. In addition, orthoses often are provided to infants with DS to increase stability and promote earlier independent walking. However, this early use of orthoses ...
Elsabbagh Mayada M Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, Henry Wellcome Building, London, WC1E 7HX, UK. - - 2010
Because autism is rarely diagnosed before two years of age, little is known about its early symptoms and causes. In order to determine the earliest manifestations of the condition, recent interest has focused on infants at genetic risk for autism. Current evidence indicates that overt behavioural symptoms emerge around the ...
Glanzman A M AM Department of Physical Therapy, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
The motor skills of patients with spinal muscular atrophy, type I (SMA-I) are very limited. It is difficult to quantify the motor abilities of these patients and as a result there is currently no validated measure of motor function that can be utilized as an outcome measure in clinical trials ...
Smithers Lisa G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The visual and mental development of preterm infants improved after feeding them milk enriched with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in amounts matching the fetal accretion rate. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate whether feeding preterm infants milk with a higher DHA content than that used in current practice influences language ...
Grimmer I - - 2010
AIM: Neurodevelopmental impairment in very preterm infants can be reasonably diagnosed by 18-24 months corrected age, whereas the predictive value of earlier assessments is debated. We hypothesized that neurological findings at 6 and 12 months indicative of subsequent cerebral palsy predict 18-24 months' neurodevelopmental impairment. METHODS: Neurodevelopmental examinations (Griffiths scales) ...
Prins S A - - 2010
Little is known about motor development in late preterm born infants. Our objective was to determine long-term outcome of motor skills of infants born between 32 and 34 weeks. All infants were assessed at corrected ages of 3 and 9 months, using the Alberta Infant Motor Scale. At corrected ages ...
Lloyd Meghann - - 2010
Infants with Down syndrome (DS) are described as being less active and they also experience significant delays in motor development. It is hypothesized that early infant physical activity may be influential for the acquisition of independent walking. Physical activity was monitored longitudinally in 30 infants with DS starting at an ...
van de Weijer-Bergsma Eva - - 2010
Because early executive functioning is a potentially important predictor of developmental delay and learning difficulties in infants born preterm, this study assessed the effect of several perinatal predictors on the development of A-not-B performance between 7 and 14 months corrected age in 76 infants born preterm, and its relationship to ...
D'Agostino Jo Ann - - 2010
PURPOSE: The evidence supporting the recommendation to use age adjustment when assessing the growth, motor, and global development of premature infants was explored. Following a comprehensive literature search, 16 articles that compared the use of adjusted and chronological age were reviewed. CONCLUSIONS: The use of full age adjustment based on ...
Horovitz Max - - 2010
To investigate if, and in what ways, communication impairments are present in toddlers (17-37 months) diagnosed with autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Study 1-The scores of 20 toddlers with autism or PDD-NOS (i.e. ASD group) were compared to those of 20 typically-developing infants on the Communication sub-scale ...
Lung For-Wey - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A reliable and valid assessing tool to detect the problem before the child becomes deviant is very important. AIM: This study aimed to further test the reliability and validity of developmental screening instrument for follow-up of thirty-six months children in Taiwan. Also, the stability and changes in the development ...
Karch D - - 2010
Evaluation of spontaneous infant movements is an important tool for the detection of neurological impairments. One important aspect of this evaluation is the observation of movements which exhibit certain complex properties. This article presents a method to automatically extract segments which contain such complex patterns in order to quantitatively assess ...
Pin Tamis W - - 2010
The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) is a standardized motor assessment for young infants. This study aimed to examine the reliability of the AIMS in a group of infants born at or before 29 weeks of gestation. Fifty-nine infants born preterm were recruited. Two experienced pediatric physical therapists participated in ...
Blauw-Hospers Cornill H - - 2010
The study aim was to describe and quantify physical therapy interventions for infants at high risk for developmental disorders. An observation protocol was developed based on knowledge about infant physical therapy and analysis of directly observable physiotherapeutic (PT) actions. The protocol's psychometric quality was assessed. Videos of 42 infant physical ...
Tollenaar Marieke S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have incorporated cortisol measurements when studying infant development, but descriptions of normal development of basal cortisol levels in large study populations are scarce. The present study aimed to establish norm values for infant basal cortisol levels and to examine the development of intra-individual variability in the first ...
Tessmer Angela - - 2010
The aims of this review were to (1) identify and evaluate research evidence regarding the developmental outcomes of infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) and (2) critically appraise and compare the outcomes of interventions targeting neck muscle extensibility and strength with those considering neck muscle function within the broader context ...
Wallander Jan L - - 2010
This randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate the effects of an early developmental intervention program on the development of young children in low- and low-middle-income countries who are at risk for neurodevelopmental disability because of birth asphyxia. A group of children without perinatal complications are evaluated in the same protocol ...
Park Hye-Youn - - 2010
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental toxins. Although there is growing evidence to support an association between PCBs and deficits of neurodevelopment, the specific mechanisms are not well understood. The potentially different roles of specific PCB groups defined by chemical structures or hormonal activities e.g., dioxin-like, non-dioxin like, or anti-estrogenic ...
Beyerlein Andreas A Division of Epidemiology, Institute of Social Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, Germany. - - 2010
To find out whether supplementation of formula milk by long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) affects neurodevelopment at 18 months of age in term or preterm infants by an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis. Data of 870 children from 4 large randomised clinical trials for formula milk with and without LCPUFAs ...
Kyvelidou Anastasia A Nebraska Biomechanics Core Facility, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, Nebraska, - - 2010
We sought to identify measures of variability from sitting postural sway that are significantly different among infants who were developing typically, those who were developmentally delayed or hypotonic, and those who later on had a diagnosis of spastic or athetoid cerebral palsy. Sixty-five infants were evaluated when they were just ...
Heineman K R - - 2010
AIM: During motor development, infants learn to select adaptive motor strategies out of their motor repertoire. The aim of this study is twofold: first, to investigate whether the presence of adaptive motor behaviour can be observed reliably, and second, to explore the ages at which clinically observable transition to adaptive ...
Gollenberg A L - - 2010
Abstract Background This study assessed the concurrent validity of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) compared with Bayley Scales of Infant Development II (BSID II) amongst children aged 24 months. Methods Data were collected from 53 infants and mothers who participated in the New York State Angler Cohort Child Development ...
Maron Jill L JL Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Newborn Medicine, 800 Washington St., Box 44, Boston, MA 02111, USA. - - 2010
There is an important need to develop noninvasive biomarkers to detect disease in premature neonates. Our objective was to determine if salivary genomic analysis provides novel information about neonatal expression of developmental genes. Saliva (50-200 microL) was prospectively collected from 5 premature infants at 5 time points: before, starting, and ...
Groenen Anniek A T K AA Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije University, The - - 2010
Examining the effects of diapers and other external constraints on infants' leg movements may affect how we collect motor control research data, dress infants to allow optimal movement in the home, and administer therapeutic interventions for infants with motor impairments. To address this issue we supported 12 healthy infants (2-4 ...
Scarborough Anita A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of child, caregiver, and maltreatment characteristics at the time of the investigation with low scores on developmental measures obtained 18 and 36 months after substantiation in a nationally representative sample of maltreated infants and toddlers. METHOD: A proxy for ...
Von Hofsten Claes - - 2009
It is argued that action constitutes the foundation for cognitive development. Action is a principal component of all aspects of cognitive development including social understanding. It reflects the motives of the child, the problems to be solved, the goals to be attained, and the constraints and possibilities of the child's ...
Garg Aashima - - 2009
This community-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to develop a complementary feeding index (CFI) to assess the adequacy of complementary feeding (CF) practices and determine its association with growth of infants, aged 6-12 months, in rural Indian population. The study was conducted in six villages of Ghaziabad district, Uttar Pradesh, India. ...
Velez Martha L ML Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, - - 2009
Opioid-exposed infants display a wide and variable range of dysregulated neurobehavioral functioning, but the regulatory difficulties experienced by these infants outside the defined clusters of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) have not been well described and may have implications for the infant's developmental course. This study describes the neurobehavioral functioning of ...
Laptook Abbot R AR Department of Pediatrics, Women & Infants' Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA. - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine whether Apgar scores at 10 minutes are associated with death or disability in early childhood after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. This was a secondary analysis of infants who were enrolled in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development ...
de Kieviet Jorrit F JF Department of Clinical Neuropsychology, VU University Amsterdam, van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2009
Infants who are very preterm (born < or = 32 weeks of gestation) and very low birth weight (VLBW) (weighing < or = 1500 g) are at risk for poor developmental outcomes. There is increasing evidence that very preterm birth and VLBW have a considerable effect on motor development, although ...
Munck P - - 2010
AIM: To study cognitive outcome of premature, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in relation to parental education and neonatal data. METHODS: A regional cohort of 182 VLBW infants born between 2001 and 2006 was followed up. Brain ultrasounds (US) were examined serially until term age and brain magnetic resonance ...
Raz Sarah - - 2010
With the increasing survival of extremely preterm (EP) birth infants in the surfactant era, the longer-term outcome of infants born at the threshold of viability has become a vital topic of study. The goal of this investigation was twofold. First, while taking into account the influence of sociodemographic confounds, we ...
Koldewijn Karen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP) improves development and behavior in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 24-month corrected age. STUDY DESIGN: In a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial 86 infants received postdischarge intervention until 6-month corrected age. The intervention consisted of supporting infants' ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >