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Speltz Matthew L ML Seattle Children's Hospital, 4800 Sand Point Way, N.E., Mailstop W-3636, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. - - 2010
We assessed the neurodevelopment of infants with and without deformational plagiocephaly (DP), at an average age of 6 months. The Bayley Scales of Infant Development III (BSID-III) were administered to 235 case subjects and 237 demographically similar, control participants. Three-dimensional head photographs were randomized and rated for severity of deformation ...
Schaaf H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Given the increasing incidence of deformational plagiocephaly due to infants' supine sleeping position to prevent sudden infant death syndrome, reliable anthropometric diagnostics are needed. Besides the traditional method of measuring landmarks with callipers, three-dimensional (3D) photography has great potential. In this investigation the accuracy of 3D photogrammetry is studied. ...
Iverson Jana M - - 2010
ABSTRACTDuring the first eighteen months of life, infants acquire and refine a whole set of new motor skills that significantly change the ways in which the body moves in and interacts with the environment. In this review article, I argue that motor acquisitions provide infants with an opportunity to practice ...
Williams Paige L - - 2010
Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are routinely provided to HIV-infected pregnant women to prevent HIV mother-to-child transmission. Although ARV use has significantly reduced mother-to-child transmission to <2% in the United States, it remains crucial to monitor uninfected infants and children for adverse consequences of in utero ARV exposure. We studied neurodevelopmental function ...
Looper Julia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS) often display delayed onset of independent walking. Treadmill training is an effective intervention that leads to an earlier walking onset. In addition, orthoses often are provided to infants with DS to increase stability and promote earlier independent walking. However, this early use of orthoses ...
Elsabbagh Mayada M Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, Henry Wellcome Building, London, WC1E 7HX, UK. - - 2010
Because autism is rarely diagnosed before two years of age, little is known about its early symptoms and causes. In order to determine the earliest manifestations of the condition, recent interest has focused on infants at genetic risk for autism. Current evidence indicates that overt behavioural symptoms emerge around the ...
Glanzman A M AM Department of Physical Therapy, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
The motor skills of patients with spinal muscular atrophy, type I (SMA-I) are very limited. It is difficult to quantify the motor abilities of these patients and as a result there is currently no validated measure of motor function that can be utilized as an outcome measure in clinical trials ...
Smithers Lisa G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The visual and mental development of preterm infants improved after feeding them milk enriched with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in amounts matching the fetal accretion rate. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate whether feeding preterm infants milk with a higher DHA content than that used in current practice influences language ...
Grimmer I - - 2010
AIM: Neurodevelopmental impairment in very preterm infants can be reasonably diagnosed by 18-24 months corrected age, whereas the predictive value of earlier assessments is debated. We hypothesized that neurological findings at 6 and 12 months indicative of subsequent cerebral palsy predict 18-24 months' neurodevelopmental impairment. METHODS: Neurodevelopmental examinations (Griffiths scales) ...
Prins S A - - 2010
Little is known about motor development in late preterm born infants. Our objective was to determine long-term outcome of motor skills of infants born between 32 and 34 weeks. All infants were assessed at corrected ages of 3 and 9 months, using the Alberta Infant Motor Scale. At corrected ages ...
Lloyd Meghann - - 2010
Infants with Down syndrome (DS) are described as being less active and they also experience significant delays in motor development. It is hypothesized that early infant physical activity may be influential for the acquisition of independent walking. Physical activity was monitored longitudinally in 30 infants with DS starting at an ...
van de Weijer-Bergsma Eva - - 2010
Because early executive functioning is a potentially important predictor of developmental delay and learning difficulties in infants born preterm, this study assessed the effect of several perinatal predictors on the development of A-not-B performance between 7 and 14 months corrected age in 76 infants born preterm, and its relationship to ...
D'Agostino Jo Ann - - 2010
PURPOSE: The evidence supporting the recommendation to use age adjustment when assessing the growth, motor, and global development of premature infants was explored. Following a comprehensive literature search, 16 articles that compared the use of adjusted and chronological age were reviewed. CONCLUSIONS: The use of full age adjustment based on ...
Horovitz Max - - 2010
To investigate if, and in what ways, communication impairments are present in toddlers (17-37 months) diagnosed with autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Study 1-The scores of 20 toddlers with autism or PDD-NOS (i.e. ASD group) were compared to those of 20 typically-developing infants on the Communication sub-scale ...
Lung For-Wey - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A reliable and valid assessing tool to detect the problem before the child becomes deviant is very important. AIM: This study aimed to further test the reliability and validity of developmental screening instrument for follow-up of thirty-six months children in Taiwan. Also, the stability and changes in the development ...
Karch D - - 2010
Evaluation of spontaneous infant movements is an important tool for the detection of neurological impairments. One important aspect of this evaluation is the observation of movements which exhibit certain complex properties. This article presents a method to automatically extract segments which contain such complex patterns in order to quantitatively assess ...
Pin Tamis W - - 2010
The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) is a standardized motor assessment for young infants. This study aimed to examine the reliability of the AIMS in a group of infants born at or before 29 weeks of gestation. Fifty-nine infants born preterm were recruited. Two experienced pediatric physical therapists participated in ...
Blauw-Hospers Cornill H - - 2010
The study aim was to describe and quantify physical therapy interventions for infants at high risk for developmental disorders. An observation protocol was developed based on knowledge about infant physical therapy and analysis of directly observable physiotherapeutic (PT) actions. The protocol's psychometric quality was assessed. Videos of 42 infant physical ...
Tollenaar Marieke S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have incorporated cortisol measurements when studying infant development, but descriptions of normal development of basal cortisol levels in large study populations are scarce. The present study aimed to establish norm values for infant basal cortisol levels and to examine the development of intra-individual variability in the first ...
Tessmer Angela - - 2010
The aims of this review were to (1) identify and evaluate research evidence regarding the developmental outcomes of infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) and (2) critically appraise and compare the outcomes of interventions targeting neck muscle extensibility and strength with those considering neck muscle function within the broader context ...
Wallander Jan L - - 2010
This randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate the effects of an early developmental intervention program on the development of young children in low- and low-middle-income countries who are at risk for neurodevelopmental disability because of birth asphyxia. A group of children without perinatal complications are evaluated in the same protocol ...
Kyvelidou Anastasia - - 2010
We sought to identify measures of variability from sitting postural sway that are significantly different among infants who were developing typically, those who were developmentally delayed or hypotonic, and those who later on had a diagnosis of spastic or athetoid cerebral palsy. Sixty-five infants were evaluated when they were just ...
Park Hye-Youn - - 2010
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental toxins. Although there is growing evidence to support an association between PCBs and deficits of neurodevelopment, the specific mechanisms are not well understood. The potentially different roles of specific PCB groups defined by chemical structures or hormonal activities e.g., dioxin-like, non-dioxin like, or anti-estrogenic ...
Beyerlein Andreas A Division of Epidemiology, Institute of Social Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, Germany. - - 2010
To find out whether supplementation of formula milk by long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) affects neurodevelopment at 18 months of age in term or preterm infants by an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis. Data of 870 children from 4 large randomised clinical trials for formula milk with and without LCPUFAs ...
Heineman K R - - 2010
AIM: During motor development, infants learn to select adaptive motor strategies out of their motor repertoire. The aim of this study is twofold: first, to investigate whether the presence of adaptive motor behaviour can be observed reliably, and second, to explore the ages at which clinically observable transition to adaptive ...
Gollenberg A L - - 2010
Abstract Background This study assessed the concurrent validity of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) compared with Bayley Scales of Infant Development II (BSID II) amongst children aged 24 months. Methods Data were collected from 53 infants and mothers who participated in the New York State Angler Cohort Child Development ...
Maron Jill L - - 2010
There is an important need to develop noninvasive biomarkers to detect disease in premature neonates. Our objective was to determine if salivary genomic analysis provides novel information about neonatal expression of developmental genes. Saliva (50-200 microL) was prospectively collected from 5 premature infants at 5 time points: before, starting, and ...
Groenen Anniek A T K - - 2010
Examining the effects of diapers and other external constraints on infants' leg movements may affect how we collect motor control research data, dress infants to allow optimal movement in the home, and administer therapeutic interventions for infants with motor impairments. To address this issue we supported 12 healthy infants (2-4 ...
Scarborough Anita A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of child, caregiver, and maltreatment characteristics at the time of the investigation with low scores on developmental measures obtained 18 and 36 months after substantiation in a nationally representative sample of maltreated infants and toddlers. METHOD: A proxy for ...
Von Hofsten Claes - - 2009
It is argued that action constitutes the foundation for cognitive development. Action is a principal component of all aspects of cognitive development including social understanding. It reflects the motives of the child, the problems to be solved, the goals to be attained, and the constraints and possibilities of the child's ...
Laptook Abbot R - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine whether Apgar scores at 10 minutes are associated with death or disability in early childhood after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. This was a secondary analysis of infants who were enrolled in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development ...
Garg Aashima - - 2009
This community-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to develop a complementary feeding index (CFI) to assess the adequacy of complementary feeding (CF) practices and determine its association with growth of infants, aged 6-12 months, in rural Indian population. The study was conducted in six villages of Ghaziabad district, Uttar Pradesh, India. ...
Velez Martha L ML Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, - - 2009
Opioid-exposed infants display a wide and variable range of dysregulated neurobehavioral functioning, but the regulatory difficulties experienced by these infants outside the defined clusters of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) have not been well described and may have implications for the infant's developmental course. This study describes the neurobehavioral functioning of ...
de Kieviet Jorrit F - - 2009
CONTEXT: Infants who are very preterm (born < or = 32 weeks of gestation) and very low birth weight (VLBW) (weighing < or = 1500 g) are at risk for poor developmental outcomes. There is increasing evidence that very preterm birth and VLBW have a considerable effect on motor development, ...
Munck P - - 2010
AIM: To study cognitive outcome of premature, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in relation to parental education and neonatal data. METHODS: A regional cohort of 182 VLBW infants born between 2001 and 2006 was followed up. Brain ultrasounds (US) were examined serially until term age and brain magnetic resonance ...
Raz Sarah - - 2010
With the increasing survival of extremely preterm (EP) birth infants in the surfactant era, the longer-term outcome of infants born at the threshold of viability has become a vital topic of study. The goal of this investigation was twofold. First, while taking into account the influence of sociodemographic confounds, we ...
Koldewijn Karen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP) improves development and behavior in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 24-month corrected age. STUDY DESIGN: In a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial 86 infants received postdischarge intervention until 6-month corrected age. The intervention consisted of supporting infants' ...
Harris Susan R - - 2010
We compared abilities of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) and the Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT), during the infant's first year, in predicting scores on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) at age 2 and 3 years. This prospective study involved 144 infants (71 females, 73 males), assessed ...
Dammann Olaf - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Illness severity scores predict death among infants admitted to NICUs. We know of no study limited to a population defined by an extremely low gestational age. METHODS: A total of 1467 infants born before the 28th postmenstrual week at 14 institutions were given Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology II ...
Mercer J S - - 2010
The results from our previous trial revealed that infants with delayed cord clamping (DCC) had significantly lesser intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and late-onset sepsis (LOS) than infants with immediate cord clamping (ICC). A priori, we hypothesized that infants with DCC would have better motor function by 7 months corrected age. Infants ...
Matsuzaki Tachiyo - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of persistent neurodevelopmental sequelae in 1-year-old infants after open heart surgery for congenital heart disease, using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development second edition (BSID-II). A secondary objective was to confirm the applicability and usefulness of the BSID-II in Japanese ...
Deffeyes Joan E - - 2009
Upright sitting is one of the first motor skills an infant learns, and thus sitting postural control provides an early window into the infant's motor development. Early identification of infants with motor developmental delay, such as infants with cerebral palsy, allows for early therapeutic intervention by physical therapists. Early intervention ...
Brown Mark S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that higher cumulative doses of recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) for extremely preterm infants during the first 6 postnatal weeks would improve developmental outcomes, as evidenced in evaluations with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II Revised. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study with a data set for a ...
Torres-Sánchez Luisa - - 2009
In order to evaluate the persistency of the association between DDE and infant neurodevelopment we assessed mental and psychomotor development between 12 and 30 months of age in an ongoing cohort in Mexico. A total of 270 singleton children without perinatal asphyxia diagnosis, with a birth weight > or =2 ...
Haapsamo Helena - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare 3 questionnaires used to evaluate early developmental problems, emotional disturbances and competence in 18-month-old infants. STUDY DESIGN: A follow-up study with parents of infants 8 to 36 months of age who responded to a developmental questionnaire. METHODS: Fifty infants (18 months of age) were evaluated through 3 ...
Gelfer Yael - - 2009
Static measures data for infants are used in clinical practice and studies without published reliabilities. Intraobserver reliabilities for static measures were assessed in normally developing feet and clubfeet. Coefficient of repeatability was used for reliability. Variability in reliability was found. Ankle dorsiflexion, calf circumference and foot length were considered to ...
Eriksen Willy - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to the Hong Kong flu, an influenza pandemic that haunted Europe during winter 1969 to 1970, was associated with reduced intelligence in adulthood. METHODS: Data from the Medical Birth Register of Norway were linked with register data from the National Conscript Service. ...
Sankhyan Naveen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Use of clinical assessment of nutrition status (CAN) score to assess the prevalence of fetal malnutrition among term newborns and to compare other anthropometric criteria used to assess fetal growth. METHODS: Prospective study of 529 term healthy newborns assessed using CAN score. Complete anthropometric assessment and determination of weight ...
Orton Jane - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to review the effects of early developmental intervention after discharge from hospital on motor and cognitive development in preterm infants. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs of early developmental intervention programmes for preterm infants in which motor or cognitive outcomes were reported ...
Prada Fredy F Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, - - 2009
Amplatzer devices are used for the percutaneous closure of ostium secundum atrial septal defects, muscular ventricular septal defects, and patent ductus arteriosus. However, very little experience has been gained in using these devices in infants under 1 year of age. Between January 2001 and January 2008, 22 symptomatic infants aged ...
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