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Allister Lauren - - 2014
Crying is a common behavior of infancy that can be a signal of a broad spectrum of conditions ranging from the normal needs of hunger and sleep to significant medical or surgical pathology. In the medical setting, crying is often seen in concert with other signifiers of disease or distress, ...
Piasek Carolina Zenobi CZ Research Intern at the Orthopaedic Department, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
To review the utility of Perfusion Index (PI) in the evaluation of neonatal clinical conditions. Twenty-five manuscripts were reviewed. PI provides information about hemodynamic stability, illness severity, early neonatal respiratory outcome, low superior vena cava flow and subclinical chorioamnionitis. PI is a valuable tool to assess the newborn's health condition ...
Mukhopadhyay Sagori S Division of Newborn Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
To quantify differences in early-onset sepsis (EOS) evaluations, evaluation-associated resource utilization, and EOS cases detected, when comparing time periods before and after the implementation of an EOS algorithm based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2010 guidelines for prevention of perinatal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease. Retrospective ...
Hecht Jacqueline T JT Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Research Center, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Achondroplasia is the best described and most common form of the congenital short-limbed dwarfing conditions. Achondroplasia is apparent at birth and has a birth prevalence of 1 in 20000-30000 live-born infants. Achondroplasia is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition, although 80% of cases occur sporadically as new events in their ...
Zmyj Norbert N Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
It has been proposed that infants selectively imitate based on a rational evaluation of an observed action (Gergely, Bekkering, & Király, 2002). This rational-imitation account has been rejected based on findings which suggested that infant imitation depends on: (a) the similarity between the infant's and the model's body posture; and ...
Lopes Soraia da Silva Sda S Hospital Geral de Linhares, LinharesES, - - 2013
To asses the performance of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in an university hospital. Descriptive and quantitative research, in which 103 people were interviewed in the outpatient prenatal clinic, in the maternity-ward and in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Vitória, Southeast Brazil. The "Institutional ...
Davies Ryan R - - 2013
Laryngopharyngeal dysfunction contributes significantly to morbidity, length of stay, and increased resource utilization after aortic arch interventions in infants. Previous studies have focused on postoperative evaluation of selected symptomatic patients with vocal fold palsy (VFP). A prospective evaluation of laryngopharyngeal function was undertaken to assess and determine its importance in perioperative ...
Park Jiheum - - 2013
The process of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) involves various components that must be followed to deliver high quality of CPR. While the components commonly apply to CPR for all ages from infant to adult, there are several different suggestions for infant CPR such as two-thumb (TT) CPR and two-finger (TF) CPR. ...
Mittal S R SR Department of Cardiology, Mittal Hospital & Research Centre, Pushkar Road, Ajmer, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
A three-month-old asymptomatic male infant was evaluated for a systolic murmur. Echocardiography revealed calcification of tricuspid leaflets with severe low pressure tricuspid regurgitation. Pulmonary artery flow was normal. There was no other congenital anomaly.
Liberman Zoe - - 2013
Predicting others' affiliative relationships is critical to social cognition, but there is little evidence of how this ability develops. We examined 9-month-old infants' inferences about 3rd-party affiliation based on shared and opposing evaluations. Infants expected 2 people who expressed shared evaluations to interact positively, whereas they expected 2 people who ...
Stern Debra J - - 2013
(1) To evaluate the Graseby capsule (GC) as a respiratory detection device when compared to respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP); (2) to evaluate the response to the Graseby signal of a commercially available bi-level nasal CPAP device (BNCPAP) designed for use with the GC; and (3) to assess the performance of ...
Irurita Olivares Javier - - 2013
The methodology used to identify individuals in forensic anthropology requires a minimum degree of precision and accuracy and should be based on identified and representative samples. Achievement of these objectives in infant skeletons is hampered by the scarcity of appropriate samples. The dental age estimation methods of Liversidge et al. ...
Scott David R - - 2013
We describe a 2-year old boy with consanguineous parents who recently emigrated from India and presented with oral ulcers and lymphadenopathy. He also had a history of recurrent fevers, polyarticular arthritis, chronic diarrhea, failure to thrive, and developmental delay. Infectious workup revealed herpes simplex virus 1 viremia and radiological evaluation ...
Aydin Mustafa - - 2013
We read with great interest the article by Prempunpong et al (1) that evaluated the effect of the therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on fluid balance and incidence of hyponatraemia in newborns with moderate to severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The authors suggest that implementation of TH increases fluid overload and incidence of hyponatraemia. ...
Inchingolo R - - 2013
Fetal hydronephrosis is the most common anomaly detected on antenatal ultrasound examination, affecting 1-5% pregnancies. A new management in mild antenatal renal pelvis dilatation (ARPD), using a technique based on both morphological and dynamical evaluation. Prospective study conducted during a 36-months period in 180 consecutive newborns referred as having mild ...
Smit Marrit - - 2013
to evaluate the feasibility of using pulse oximetry (PO) for evaluating infants born in community-based midwifery care. a prospective, observational study of infants born after midwifery supervised (home) births. 27 midwives from seven practices providing primary care in (home) births used PO at birth or the early puerperal period over ...
Kayıran Petek Genc - - 2013
Abstract Contrary to traditional belief, breast milk is not a sterile fluid, even in healthy women. Breast milk may contain pathogenic bacteria that could cause serious infections especially in premature infants. There is no recommendation to evaluate breast milk routinely for pathogenic bacteria. However discontinuation of breastfeeding is not recommended ...
St Aubin Melissa - - 2013
There is no consensus on the extent and mode of postnatal imaging after a diagnosis of prenatal hydronephrosis. We validated the protocol of our practice, which parallels current Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) recommendations, in limiting voiding cystourethrogram, while examining its impact on the incidence of febrile urinary tract infections. ...
Abdel-Salam Z - - 2013
This study focuses on the use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for the evaluation of the nutrients in maternal milk and some commercially available infant formulas. The results of such evaluation are vital for adequate and healthy feeding for babies during lactation period. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy offers special advantages in ...
Vergano Samantha A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Prompt ascertainment is crucial for the management of hyperammonemic infants. Because these patients are rare and recognition of hyperammonemia is often delayed, we designed and implemented an electronic medical record (EMR)-based tool to assist physicians in the detection of hyperammonemia. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the hospitalizations of prior hyperammonemic ...
Arayici Sema - - 2013
We read with great interest the paper by Dargaville et al. whose objective was to evaluate the fluid recovery during lung lavage in meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) (1). They found that heightened recovery of lavage fluid, and thus meconium, is associated with improved respiratory outcome after lung lavage in ventilated infants ...
Serafini Fausta - - 2013
Bifidobacteria are extensively exploited by the food industry as health-promoting microorganisms. However, very little is known about the molecular mechanisms responsible for these beneficial activities, or the molecular players that sustain their ability to colonize and persist within the human gut. Here, we have investigated the enteric adaptation features of ...
Berk David R - - 2013
The natural history of inherited epidermolysis bullosa (EB) varies significantly across subtypes. When confronted with an infant suspected to have EB, rapidly determining the type and subtype is critical in counselling families accurately about the infant's diagnosis and prognosis. Although transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has been considered the criterion standard ...
Staat Mary Allen - - 2013
Prevalence of polymerase chain reaction-confirmed respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) among infants presenting to 31 US emergency departments with lower respiratory infection or apnea (N=4172) was evaluated outside the traditional RSV season (September-October and April-May) relative to January-February. The Mid-Atlantic and Southeast (HHS regions 3 [Philadelphia] and 4 [Atlanta]), demonstrated positivity ...
Gandhi Bheru - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether resuscitation teams can better maintain newborn transitional oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) values within a prespecified target range using a graphical display of the targets and real-time SpO(2) data compared with using only numerical oximeter values. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm neonates were enrolled in this prospective cohort evaluation of ...
Puopolo Karen M - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neonatal early-onset sepsis (EOS) is a very low-incidence, but potentially fatal condition among term and late preterm newborns. EOS algorithms based on risk-factor threshold values result in evaluation and empiric antibiotic treatment of large numbers of uninfected newborns, leading to unnecessary antibiotic exposures and maternal/infant separation. Ideally, ...
Narvaez-Arzate Ricardo V - - 2013
Abstract Objectives. To determine the incidence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and the frequency of postnatal infection in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Methods. Urine samples of 135 infants who were admitted to the NICU during a six month period were evaluated to detect CMV using a nested PCR ...
Li Zhiping - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To develop population pharmacokinetic (PK) models for piperacillin/tazobactam in neonates and infants of less than 2 months of age in order to determine the appropriate dosing regimen and provide a rational basis for the development of preliminary dosing guidelines suitable for this population. METHODS: A two-stage, open-label study was conducted ...
Kutuk Mehmet Serdar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate postnatal outcome of fetuses affected by nonprogressive, isolated, mild (≥10 and ≤12 mm) borderline ventriculomegaly (BVM). METHODS: We studied 25 consecutive fetuses with BMV and evaluated patients' characteristic, ultrasonographic findings, and the neurodevelopmental outcome at age ≥24 months. RESULTS: The mean gestational age at diagnosis was ...
Weinbauer Gerhard F - - 2013
The enhanced pre- and postnatal (ePPND) study design has been developed in response to new scientific knowledge and subsequent guideline changes [ICH M3(R2) and ICH S6(R1)]. The changes in study design were basically driven by the experiences obtained during preclinical development of biopharmaceuticals. The standard ePPND concept does not apply ...
Kanakogi Yasuhiro - - 2013
Despite its essential role in human coexistence, the developmental origins and progression of sympathy in infancy are not yet fully understood. We show that preverbal 10-month-olds manifest sympathetic responses, evinced in their preference for attacked others according to their evaluations of the respective roles of victim, aggressor, and neutral party. ...
Coppa Giovanni Valentino - - 2013
Recently, a complete characterization and detailed evaluation of the glycosaminoglycans of human milk were performed. The total glycosaminoglycans content in milk from healthy mothers having delivered term or preterm newborns showed a constant pattern which was essentially composed of two main polysaccharides: chondroitin sulfate (60-70%) and heparin (30-40%). Moreover, considerable ...
Hasvold J - - 2013
Neonatal sepsis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among term and preterm infants. Ampicillin and gentamicin are standard empiric therapy for early onset sepsis. Four cases of neonatal sepsis secondary to Escherichia coli (E. coli) found to be gentamicin resistant occurred within a five week period in one ...
O'Neill Marie S MS University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2013
Preterm birth is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality and is associated with long-term adverse health consequences for surviving infants. Preterm birth rates are rising worldwide, and no effective means for prevention currently exists. Air pollution exposure may be a significant cause of prematurity, but many published studies ...
Bagci Soyhan - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of pleth variability index (PVI) to predict fluid responsiveness in newborn infants during surgery. METHODS: PVI was continuously recorded in 29 mechanically ventilated newborn infants during surgery, and episodes of clinically indicated volume expansion (VE) (≥10 ml/kg in ...
Martinelli Roberta Lopes de Castro - - 2012
An experimental protocol model for frenulum evaluation was first designed, and administered to ten infants in 2010. After obtaining the data and statistical analysis, the protocol was re-designed and administered to 100 infants. The aim of this study is to present an efficient and effective lingual frenulum protocol with scores ...
Whiting Terry L - - 2012
Cattle death by starvation is a persistent annual event in Manitoba. Herds with more than 10% overwinter death loss are usually identified in the late winter or early spring. Field and postmortem findings suggest that there is complete mobilization of fat followed by inability to maintain adequate thermoregulation and death ...
Soares Daniele de Almeida - - 2012
Exploratory behaviors of 9 late preterm infants and 10 full-term infants were evaluated longitudinally at 5, 6 and 7months of age. Eight exploratory behaviors were coded. The preterm infants mouthed the object less and had delayed gains in Waving compared to the full-term infants.
Fishbein Mark - - 2012
Background: Symptoms of infantile gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may overlap with oropharyngeal dysphagia, but the evaluation and treatment of these conditions vary greatly. In this investigation, the incidence of oropharyngeal dysphagia in infants with GERD-like symptoms is determined. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on infants referred ...
Brennan Tara - - 2012
Laryngomalacia is the most common cause of neonatal stridor, accounting for up to 60% of cases [1]. Less common causes of neonatal stridor include subglottic or tracheal stenosis, or congenital masses of the upper airway. Neonates with an identified congenital etiology of symptomatic upper airway obstruction often have synchronous airway ...
Azmeh Roua - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Children may present in early infancy for evaluation of decreased visual responsiveness. Most such infants have systemic or ocular abnormalities that explain their poor fixation and tracking. Some infants, however, have no other medical or ocular problems. This study evaluated prognostic factors in this latter group of otherwise normal ...
Bertino E - - 2012
Preterm infants’ survival has greatly increased in the last few decades thanks to the improvement in obstetrical and neonatal care. The correct evaluation of postnatal growth of these babies is nowadays of primary concern, although the definition of their optimal postnatal growth pattern is still controversial. Concerns have also been ...
Bertino E - - 2012
Auxological evaluation of the newborn should be based on accurate anthropometry at birth and a reliable estimate of gestational age (GA). However, a comprehensive evaluation of the neonate should consider not only anthropometric traits at birth, but also fetal ultrasound biometry and Doppler velocimetry. Many charts have been proposed, but ...
Yaji Prabhat Radhakrishna PR Department of General Surgery, Vijayangara Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellary, - - 2013
Gastric teratoma is a rare tumor, accounting for less than 1 % of all teratomas in infants & children. To date, only about 102 cases have been reported in the literature. A 10 month old infant was brought with a history of upper abdominal mass which was otherwise asymptomatic. On evaluation it ...
Hunter Sharon K - - 2012
Prenatal maternal anxiety has detrimental effects on the offspring's neurocognitive development, including impaired attentional function. Antidepressants are commonly used during pregnancy, yet their impact on offspring attention and their interaction with maternal anxiety has not been assessed. The authors used P50 auditory sensory gating, a putative marker of early attentional ...
Singer Lynn T LT Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2012
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) or "Ecstasy" is one of the most widely used illicit recreational drugs among young adults. MDMA is an indirect monoaminergic agonist and reuptake inhibitor that primarily affects the serotonin system. Preclinical studies in animals have found prenatal exposure related to neonatal tremors and long-term learning and memory impairments. ...
Kontomanolis E N - - 2012
The ductus venosus is a short vessel, present in the newborn infant on the dorsal surface of the liver, connecting the portal and umbilical circulation with the inferior vena cava. Agenesis of the duct is a rare anomaly. A 28-year-old woman was referred to our department for the first trimester ...
Cresi Francesco - - 2012
The clinical significance of weakly acidic reflux in infants is unclear. Skin conductance is a novel not-invasive method to evaluate discomfort. The aim of our study was to evaluate reflux-induced discomfort in infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease using simultaneously combined skin conductance and esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH monitoring. ...
Hamilton Kimberly M - - 2011
Encephaloceles are acquired or congenital defects in which intracranial contents protrude through a defect in the calvaria. The embryogenesis of these lesions is incompletely understood. The vast majority of lesions occur at or near the anatomical midline. The authors present an extremely rare case of a laterally oriented, pathologically proven ...
Shah Vibhuti - - 2011
Glycerin laxatives are often prescribed in the neonatal population for meconium evacuation and to promote enteral feeding. However, the literature regarding their effectiveness has not been systematically reviewed. To assess the effectiveness of glycerin enema or suppository in preventing feeding intolerance in preterm infants at ≤32 weeks' gestational age or ...
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