Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1147
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Nagiub Mohamed M Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Children Hospital of Richmond, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, - - 2014
As survival and outcomes continue to improve in neonates born prematurely, there is an increasing need to promptly identify and treat pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in this population. Several echocardiographic indices have been used to evaluate for PHT. There is no clear consensus on how to utilize these parameters specifically for ...
Tolia Veeral N VN Pediatrix Medical Group, Baylor Health Care System, Dallas, - - 2014
Prophylactic vitamin A supplementation has been shown to reduce the incidence of chronic lung disease or death in extremely low-birth-weight infants. Beginning in 2010, a national shortage reduced the supply of vitamin A available. To estimate the association between vitamin A supplementation and death or chronic lung disease in the ...
Ashmeade Terri L TL University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL - - 2014
The objective of this study was to implement and evaluate a quality improvement project (the golden hour pathway [GHP]) aimed at improving the quality and efficiency of care delivered to extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants <28 weeks gestation and/or <1000 g birth weight during the first hour of life. ...
Gibson Anne-Marie AM Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The lung function outcome of cohorts of very low birth weight (VLBW; birth weight <1501 g) survivors born in the late 1970s or early 1980s into adulthood at an age when lung growth would be expected to have ceased is not well described. The aim of this study was to report ...
Lemyre Brigitte B Division of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada, KlH - - 2014
Previous randomised trials and meta-analyses have shown nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) to be a useful method of respiratory support after extubation. However, infants managed in this way sometimes 'fail' and require endotracheal reintubation with its attendant risks and expense. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is a method ...
Thunqvist Per P Sachs' Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Södersjukhuset, 118 83, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Department of Clinical Science and Education, 171 77, Stockholm, - - 2014
Many preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) demonstrate impaired lung function and respiratory symptoms during infancy. The relationships between initial BPD severity, lung function and respiratory morbidity are not fully understood. We aimed to investigate the association between BPD severity and subsequent lung function and whether lung function impairment is ...
Callahan Patrick P Departments of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
For the last thirty years, oral chloral hydrate has been used for sedation of infants for lung function testing. Recently, however, availability of chloral hydrate became severely limited in the United States after two manufacturers discontinued manufacturing in 2012. Due to these limitations and the recent and ongoing shortage of ...
Raimondi Francesco F Division of Neonatology, Section of Pediatrics, Department of Translational Medical Sciences, and - - 2014
Noninvasive ventilation is the treatment of choice for neonatal moderate respiratory distress (RD). Predictors of nasal ventilation failure are helpful in preventing clinical deterioration. Work on neonatal lung ultrasound has shown that the persistence of a hyperechogenic, "white lung" image correlates with severe distress in the preterm infant. We investigate ...
Manzoni Paolo P Neonatology and NICU, S. Anna Hospital, Torino, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The diagnosis of congenital CMV is usually guided by a number of specific symptoms and findings. Unusual presentations may occur and diagnosis is challenging due to uncommon or rare features. Here we report the case of two preterm, extremely low birthweight, 28-week gestational age old twin neonates with CMV infection ...
Astle Valerie V Department of Neonatology , Centenary Hospital for Women and Children , Canberra , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Pulmonary function abnormalities and hospital re-admissions in survivors of neonatal lung disease remain highly prevalent. The respiratory outcomes study (RESPOS) aimed to investigate the respiratory and associated atopy outcomes in preterm infants <30 weeks gestational age (GA) and/or birth-weight (BWt) <1000 g at primary school age, and to compare ...
Pacifici Gian Maria GM Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, Section of Pharmacology, Medical School, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is very important in anesthetic practice because of its relatively short time to peak analgesic effect and the rapid termination of action after small bolus doses. The objective of this survey is to review the clinical pharmacology of fentanyl in preterm infants. The bibliographic ...
van der Burg P S PS Department of Neonatology, Emma Children's Hospital AMC, PO Box 22660, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive, radiation-free tool to monitor regional changes in ventilation. This report describes, for the first time, that unilateral atelectasis in an extremely low birth weight infant results in a loss of regional ventilation measured by EIT in the affected lung. Conclusion: EIT is currently the ...
Wambach Jennifer A JA Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Division of Newborn Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
The American Thoracic Society (ATS) recently published a clinical practice guideline regarding the classification, evaluation, and management of childhood interstitial lung disease in infancy (chILD). As disease entities among infants with ILD are often distinct from forms seen in older children and adults, the guideline encourages an age-based classification system ...
Alicandro Gianfranco G National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), Rome, Italy; Cystic Fibrosis Center, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, - - 2014
Survival in cystic fibrosis (CF) has progressively improved and the female-gender disadvantage first described many years ago remains controversial. To describe the mortality trend due to CF in Italy over the last decades; to verify the female-mortality disadvantage; to compare the comorbidities reported in death certificates of CF patients with ...
Soudée Sophie S Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Robert Debré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris - - 2014
Background: Perinatal lung growth is highly vulnerable to inflammation and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), two major risk factors for chronic lung disease (CLD) in preterm neonates. However, the balance between extremely low gestational age (ELGA) and IUGR in very preterm infants as risk factors for CLD and co-morbidities remains poorly ...
Reese Laura Schwab - - 2014
The Period of PURPLE Crying program is used to educate parents and caregivers about normal infant crying and the dangers of infant shaking. We evaluated nurse-led, hospital-based implementation of the program using a nonexperimental, posttest-only design. New mothers rated the program as useful, and the program was effective in teaching ...
Li Yue-Feng YF Department of Neonatology, Bao'an Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong, - - 2014
It is routine practice in most neonatal intensive care units to measure the volume and color of gastric residuals (GRs) prior to enteral bolus feedings in preterm very low birth weight infants. However, there is paucity of evidence supporting the routine use of this technique. Moreover, owing to the lack ...
Hui Annie S Y AS Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine trends in preterm birth and its relationship with perinatal mortality in Hong Kong. In a retrospective cohort study, data were reviewed from singletons delivered between 1995 and 2011 at a university teaching hospital. Trends in preterm birth (between 24 and 36weeks of pregnancy), perinatal mortality, and subtypes of ...
PilypienÄ— I I Vilnius University Faculty of Medicine, Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, VUH Santariskiu klinikos, Santariskiu str. 2, Vilnius, - - 2014
Intrauterine infection may induce the fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) and may cause cerebral palsy and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in newborns. The aim of the study was to evaluate the importance of FIRS for the early and later adaptation of preterms. Hundred and fifty-eight preterm infants, born at 22-34 weeks of gestation, ...
Swenson Erica E University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin; Department of Medical Genetics Services, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, - - 2014
Despite advances in perinatal care, stillbirth is relatively common (1/160 births) and frequently remains unexplained. Most recent protocols for etiologic evaluation of stillbirth either omit radiography or reserve it for infants with obvious skeletal disproportion. Over the past 30 years, the Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program has collected radiographic images from ...
Fonseca Luciana Mara Monti LM Author Affiliations: University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, Brazil (Drs Fonseca, Góes, Seixas, and Scochi and Ms Dias); and Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing (Dr Martins) and Department of Mental Health Nursing and Psychiatric (Dr Rodrigues), Coimbra Nursing School, - - 2014
The present study aimed to describe the development process of a serious game that enables users to evaluate the respiratory process in a preterm infant based on an emotional design model. The e-Baby serious game was built to feature the simulated environment of an incubator, in which the user performs ...
Lecoeur Christelle C CHU de Caen, Réseau de périnatalité, Caen F-14000, France; CHU de Caen, Service de gynécologie-Obstétrique, Caen F-14000, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the rate and circumstances of outborn deliveries within a French perinatal network, and to determine their avoidability. Cohort study including preterm infants <33 weeks gestation and/or weighing <1500g born outside a level III maternity unit in Lower Normandy region, France, in 2008-2010. In 2008 and 2009, only neonates ...
Shankaran Seetha S Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The outcomes of assisted reproductive technology (ART) should be not only the evaluation of successful initiation of pregnancy but also the birth of healthy infants and the evaluation of long-term outcomes of the offspring of the couple undergoing therapy. Maternal and neonatal outcomes are reported in another article in this ...
Wen Jian Guo JG Pediatric Urodynamic Centre, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, P.R., - - 2014
To understand the function development of bladder and its evaluation in neonates and infants less than 2 years old. Literature on neonatal and infant bladder function development and urodynamic evaluation were collected and reviewed. Normal range of bladder volume, pressure during voiding and other parameters in neonates and infants less ...
Christensen R D RD Women and Newborn's Clinical Program, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
Objective:We instituted a quality improvement process to enhance our capacity to diagnose genetic hemolytic conditions in neonates with extreme hyperbilirubinemia.Study design:During a 1-year period, whenever the total serum bilirubin (TSB) was >25 mg dl(-1) a special evaluation was perfomed. If we deemed an erythrocyte membrane defect likely, based on red blood cell ...
Bhandari Ritu R Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, Leiden, - - 2014
Childhood emotional maltreatment has been associated with a higher risk for maltreating one's own offspring. In the current study, we explored a possible role of oxytocin in mediating the association between childhood emotional maltreatment and participants' interpretation of infant facial expressions. Oxytocin levels were measured in 102 female participants using ...
Walker T C TC 1] Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA [2] Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate early feeding factors associated with exclusive human milk (EHM) feeding at discharge in a cohort of human milk-fed infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Study Design:Retrospective cohort of consecutively discharged infants from two NICUs over a 12-month period who received any human milk during the 24 h ...
Weisz Dany E DE Department of Paediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Systemic hypotension is common in very low birthweight preterm infants but the nature of the precipitating cause may be unclear. Targeted neonatal echocardiography (TnEcho) is being increasingly used to support hemodynamic decisions in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), including identifying impairments in the transitional circulation of preterm infants, providing ...
Allister Lauren - - 2014
Crying is a common behavior of infancy that can be a signal of a broad spectrum of conditions ranging from the normal needs of hunger and sleep to significant medical or surgical pathology. In the medical setting, crying is often seen in concert with other signifiers of disease or distress, ...
Zvizdic Zlatan Z Clinic of Pediatric Surgery, Clinical Centre University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the association between the number of nosocomial infections prior to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) diagnosis as well as to evaluated how it contributed to development of NEC in premature infants. The study included 51 preterm infants diagnosed with NEC and 71 preterm infants ...
Piasek Carolina Zenobi CZ Research Intern at the Orthopaedic Department, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
To review the utility of Perfusion Index (PI) in the evaluation of neonatal clinical conditions. Twenty-five manuscripts were reviewed. PI provides information about hemodynamic stability, illness severity, early neonatal respiratory outcome, low superior vena cava flow and subclinical chorioamnionitis. PI is a valuable tool to assess the newborn's health condition ...
Mukhopadhyay Sagori S Division of Newborn Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
To quantify differences in early-onset sepsis (EOS) evaluations, evaluation-associated resource utilization, and EOS cases detected, when comparing time periods before and after the implementation of an EOS algorithm based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2010 guidelines for prevention of perinatal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease. Retrospective ...
Hecht Jacqueline T JT Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Research Center, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Achondroplasia is the best described and most common form of the congenital short-limbed dwarfing conditions. Achondroplasia is apparent at birth and has a birth prevalence of 1 in 20000-30000 live-born infants. Achondroplasia is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition, although 80% of cases occur sporadically as new events in their ...
Hamlin J K JK Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
The ability to distinguish friends from foes allows humans to engage in mutually beneficial cooperative acts while avoiding the costs associated with cooperating with the wrong individuals. One way to do so effectively is to observe how unknown individuals behave toward third parties, and to selectively cooperate with those who ...
Fallon Anne A School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland Galway, Áras Moyola, Galway, - - 2014
Baby-led breastfeeding is recommended as best practice in determining the frequency and duration of a breastfeed. An alternative approach is described as scheduled, where breastfeeding is timed and restricted in frequency and duration. It is necessary to review the evidence that supports current recommendations, so that mothers are provided with ...
Zmyj Norbert N Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
It has been proposed that infants selectively imitate based on a rational evaluation of an observed action (Gergely, Bekkering, & Király, 2002). This rational-imitation account has been rejected based on findings which suggested that infant imitation depends on: (a) the similarity between the infant's and the model's body posture; and ...
Lopes Soraia da Silva Sda S Hospital Geral de Linhares, LinharesES, - - 2013
To asses the performance of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in an university hospital. Descriptive and quantitative research, in which 103 people were interviewed in the outpatient prenatal clinic, in the maternity-ward and in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Vitória, Southeast Brazil. The "Institutional ...
Davies Ryan R - - 2013
Laryngopharyngeal dysfunction contributes significantly to morbidity, length of stay, and increased resource utilization after aortic arch interventions in infants. Previous studies have focused on postoperative evaluation of selected symptomatic patients with vocal fold palsy (VFP). A prospective evaluation of laryngopharyngeal function was undertaken to assess and determine its importance in perioperative ...
Park Jiheum - - 2013
The process of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) involves various components that must be followed to deliver high quality of CPR. While the components commonly apply to CPR for all ages from infant to adult, there are several different suggestions for infant CPR such as two-thumb (TT) CPR and two-finger (TF) CPR. ...
Mittal S R SR Department of Cardiology, Mittal Hospital & Research Centre, Pushkar Road, Ajmer, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
A three-month-old asymptomatic male infant was evaluated for a systolic murmur. Echocardiography revealed calcification of tricuspid leaflets with severe low pressure tricuspid regurgitation. Pulmonary artery flow was normal. There was no other congenital anomaly.
Liberman Zoe - - 2013
Predicting others' affiliative relationships is critical to social cognition, but there is little evidence of how this ability develops. We examined 9-month-old infants' inferences about 3rd-party affiliation based on shared and opposing evaluations. Infants expected 2 people who expressed shared evaluations to interact positively, whereas they expected 2 people who ...
Stern Debra J - - 2013
(1) To evaluate the Graseby capsule (GC) as a respiratory detection device when compared to respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP); (2) to evaluate the response to the Graseby signal of a commercially available bi-level nasal CPAP device (BNCPAP) designed for use with the GC; and (3) to assess the performance of ...
Irurita Olivares Javier - - 2013
The methodology used to identify individuals in forensic anthropology requires a minimum degree of precision and accuracy and should be based on identified and representative samples. Achievement of these objectives in infant skeletons is hampered by the scarcity of appropriate samples. The dental age estimation methods of Liversidge et al. ...
Scott David R - - 2013
We describe a 2-year old boy with consanguineous parents who recently emigrated from India and presented with oral ulcers and lymphadenopathy. He also had a history of recurrent fevers, polyarticular arthritis, chronic diarrhea, failure to thrive, and developmental delay. Infectious workup revealed herpes simplex virus 1 viremia and radiological evaluation ...
Aydin Mustafa - - 2013
We read with great interest the article by Prempunpong et al (1) that evaluated the effect of the therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on fluid balance and incidence of hyponatraemia in newborns with moderate to severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The authors suggest that implementation of TH increases fluid overload and incidence of hyponatraemia. ...
Inchingolo R - - 2013
Fetal hydronephrosis is the most common anomaly detected on antenatal ultrasound examination, affecting 1-5% pregnancies. A new management in mild antenatal renal pelvis dilatation (ARPD), using a technique based on both morphological and dynamical evaluation. Prospective study conducted during a 36-months period in 180 consecutive newborns referred as having mild ...
Smit Marrit - - 2013
to evaluate the feasibility of using pulse oximetry (PO) for evaluating infants born in community-based midwifery care. a prospective, observational study of infants born after midwifery supervised (home) births. 27 midwives from seven practices providing primary care in (home) births used PO at birth or the early puerperal period over ...
Kayıran Petek Genc - - 2013
Abstract Contrary to traditional belief, breast milk is not a sterile fluid, even in healthy women. Breast milk may contain pathogenic bacteria that could cause serious infections especially in premature infants. There is no recommendation to evaluate breast milk routinely for pathogenic bacteria. However discontinuation of breastfeeding is not recommended ...
St Aubin Melissa - - 2013
There is no consensus on the extent and mode of postnatal imaging after a diagnosis of prenatal hydronephrosis. We validated the protocol of our practice, which parallels current Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) recommendations, in limiting voiding cystourethrogram, while examining its impact on the incidence of febrile urinary tract infections. ...
Abdel-Salam Z - - 2013
This study focuses on the use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for the evaluation of the nutrients in maternal milk and some commercially available infant formulas. The results of such evaluation are vital for adequate and healthy feeding for babies during lactation period. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy offers special advantages in ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >