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Uberos J J Pediatric Service. Clinical Hospital San Cecilio. Avda. Dr. Oloriz 16, 18012 Granada, Spain - - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease that affects premature infants with multifactorial etiology. Some authors have considered malnutrition to be a major factor promoting BDP. The aim of our study was to examine the contribution of enteral and parenteral nutritional intake in the first 14 days of life ...
Chen Liang-Wan LW Department of Cardiac Surgery, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, - - 2014
Recently, the superior approach with transaction of the superior vena cava was introduced for the repair of supracardiac anomalies in adults. We developed a bidirectional right-angle venous cannula and placed it within the innominate vein to make the modified superior approach with the superior caval transection suitable for neonates and ...
Grazioli Serge S Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital of Geneva, - - 2014
Several new generation neonatal ventilators that incorporate conventional as well as high frequency ventilation (HFOV) have appeared on the market. Most of them offer the possibility to use HFOV in a volume-targeted mode, despite absence of any preclinical data. With a bench test, we evaluated the performances of 4 new ...
Premnath Daphne D Department of Internal Medicine, Canberra Hospital, Garran, ACT, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare two treatment strategies in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndrome: early surfactant administration (within one hour of birth) vs. late surfactant administration, in a geographically defined population. Outcome: The primary outcome was chronic lung disease (CLD) and mortality before/at 36 weeks. Secondary ...
Caminita Frank F Draeger Medical - - 2014
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia remain the leading causes of preterm infant morbidity, mortality, and lifelong disability. Research to improve outcomes requires translational large animal models for RDS. Preterm pigs delivered by caesarian section at gestation days (GD) 98, 100, 102, and 104 days were provided 24 h ...
Gkentzi Despoina - - 2014
Late preterm infants are defined as those born between 34(0/0) and 36(6/7) weeks of gestation. This population represents a growing proportion of preterm deliveries and traditionally has been neglected as thought to behave similarly to term infants. However, studies in the last decade have shown that they are vulnerable not ...
Mourani Peter M PM University of Colorado Denver, Pediatrics, Aurora, Colorado, United States, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Pediatrics, Aurora, Colorado, United States ; - - 2014
Rationale: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with poor outcomes among preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), but whether early signs of pulmonary vascular disease are associated with the subsequent development of BPD or PH at 36 weeks post menstrual age (PMA) is unknown. Objective: To prospectively evaluate the relationship of ...
Friedman Frederick F Jr Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Science, Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA - - 2014
Sudden unexpected neonatal collapse in the delivery room is a rare occurrence in healthy term infants. Upper airway obstruction may occur from improper positioning of the newborn even while breastfeeding. Such occlusion may have dire consequences if not recognized immediately. We report 2 healthy term neonates who suffered respiratory arrest ...
McAdams Ryan M RM Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington. - - 2014
Respiratory distress is a leading cause of neonatal death in low-income and middle-income countries. CPAP is a simple and effective respiratory support modality used to support neonates with respiratory failure and can be used in low-income and middle-income countries. The goal of this study was to describe implementation of the ...
Neumann Roland P RP Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital Basel (UKBB), Basel, - - 2014
Background: Ventilated preterm infant lungs are vulnerable to overdistension and underinflation. The optimal ventilator-delivered tidal volume (VT) in these infants is unknown and may depend on the extent of alveolarisation at birth. Objectives: We aimed to calculate respiratory dead space (VD) from the molar mass (MM) signal of an ultrasonic ...
Siaghani Parwizjohn P a UCI MEDICAL CENTER, - - 2014
Abstract Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign neoplasm of infancy, the majority occurring on the head and neck region. Predisposing factors include prematurity, low birth weight, multiple gestations, advanced maternal age, and chorionic villous sampling. In addition, Caucasians females particularly those with a known family history are also at ...
Sameshima Yoshino Tamaki YT *Pediatric Radiology, †Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, and ‡Diagnostic Imaging Department, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, - - 2014
The reversal of lung collapse is one of the challenges of lung injury prevention in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this case, lung recruitment maneuver (RM) with positive end-expiratory pressure under computed tomography guidance is the procedure of choice, but cumulative ionizing radiation exposure is a major radiologic concern, ...
Gnanendran Lokiny L Department of Medicine, Canberra Hospital, Garran, Australian Capital Territory, - - 2014
To study the neurodevelopmental outcomes of multiple (twins, triplets, quads) compared with singleton extremely preterm infants <29 weeks gestation. Population-based retrospective cohort study. A network of 10 neonatal intensive care units in a geographically defined area of New South Wales and the Australian Capital territory. 1473 infants <29 weeks gestation born between ...
D'Angio Carl T CT URMC - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is an important lung developmental pathophysiology that affects many premature infants each year. Newborn animal models employing both premature and term animals have been used over the years to study various components of BPD. This review describes some of the neonatal rabbit studies that have contributed to ...
Agarwal R R Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Hutzel Women's Hospital & Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI, - - 2014
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) results from disruption of the normal fetal-neonatal circulatory transition and may be associated with meconium aspiration, group B streptococcal sepsis, pneumonia, respiratory distress syndrome, congenital diaphragmatic hernia and pulmonary hypoplasia. Seventeen percent of cases are considered idiopathic since there is no identifiable cause. ...
Puder Lia C - - 2014
Several respiratory diseases are associated with specific respiratory sounds. In contrast to auscultation, computerized lung sound analysis is objective and can be performed continuously over an extended period. Moreover, audio recordings can be stored. Computerized lung sounds have rarely been assessed in neonates during the first year of life. This ...
Janér Cecilia C Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, - - 2014
Background: Respiratory distress due to inadequate lung liquid clearance is a significant problem in infants delivered late preterm or early term, especially by elective cesarean delivery (CD). Lung liquid clearance depends on epithelial ion transport and in animals is induced by glucocorticoids. Objectives: In newborn late preterm and term infants ...
Bozdağ Senol S Department of Neonatology, Umraniye Research and Training Hospital, İstanbul, - - 2014
Objective To compare the efficacy of two natural surfactants for pulmonary hemorrhage in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Study Design A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted on 42 infants who were divided into two groups, poractant alfa (n = 21) and beractant (n = 21). Results In both the groups, the mean standard deviation (SD) birth-weight and ...
van Vonderen Jeroen J JJ Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Upper airway distention during mask ventilation could reduce gas volumes entering the lung compared with ventilation via an endotracheal tube. Therefore, respiratory tract volumes were measured in lambs and tidal volumes were compared in preterm infants before and after intubation. Design: In seven preterm lambs, volumes of the airways (oropharynx, ...
Nagiub Mohamed M Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Children Hospital of Richmond, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, - - 2014
As survival and outcomes continue to improve in neonates born prematurely, there is an increasing need to promptly identify and treat pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in this population. Several echocardiographic indices have been used to evaluate for PHT. There is no clear consensus on how to utilize these parameters specifically for ...
Tolia Veeral N VN Pediatrix Medical Group, Baylor Health Care System, Dallas, - - 2014
Prophylactic vitamin A supplementation has been shown to reduce the incidence of chronic lung disease or death in extremely low-birth-weight infants. Beginning in 2010, a national shortage reduced the supply of vitamin A available. To estimate the association between vitamin A supplementation and death or chronic lung disease in the ...
Ashmeade Terri L TL University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL - - 2014
The objective of this study was to implement and evaluate a quality improvement project (the golden hour pathway [GHP]) aimed at improving the quality and efficiency of care delivered to extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants <28 weeks gestation and/or <1000 g birth weight during the first hour of life. ...
Gibson Anne-Marie AM Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The lung function outcome of cohorts of very low birth weight (VLBW; birth weight <1501 g) survivors born in the late 1970s or early 1980s into adulthood at an age when lung growth would be expected to have ceased is not well described. The aim of this study was to report ...
Lemyre Brigitte B Division of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada, KlH - - 2014
Previous randomised trials and meta-analyses have shown nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) to be a useful method of respiratory support after extubation. However, infants managed in this way sometimes 'fail' and require endotracheal reintubation with its attendant risks and expense. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is a method ...
Thunqvist Per P Sachs' Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Södersjukhuset, 118 83, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Department of Clinical Science and Education, 171 77, Stockholm, - - 2014
Many preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) demonstrate impaired lung function and respiratory symptoms during infancy. The relationships between initial BPD severity, lung function and respiratory morbidity are not fully understood. We aimed to investigate the association between BPD severity and subsequent lung function and whether lung function impairment is ...
Callahan Patrick P Departments of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
For the last thirty years, oral chloral hydrate has been used for sedation of infants for lung function testing. Recently, however, availability of chloral hydrate became severely limited in the United States after two manufacturers discontinued manufacturing in 2012. Due to these limitations and the recent and ongoing shortage of ...
Raimondi Francesco F Division of Neonatology, Section of Pediatrics, Department of Translational Medical Sciences, and - - 2014
Noninvasive ventilation is the treatment of choice for neonatal moderate respiratory distress (RD). Predictors of nasal ventilation failure are helpful in preventing clinical deterioration. Work on neonatal lung ultrasound has shown that the persistence of a hyperechogenic, "white lung" image correlates with severe distress in the preterm infant. We investigate ...
Manzoni Paolo P Neonatology and NICU, S. Anna Hospital, Torino, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The diagnosis of congenital CMV is usually guided by a number of specific symptoms and findings. Unusual presentations may occur and diagnosis is challenging due to uncommon or rare features. Here we report the case of two preterm, extremely low birthweight, 28-week gestational age old twin neonates with CMV infection ...
Thall Peter F PF Dept. of Biostatistics, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
The Intubation-Surfactant-Extubation (INSURE) procedure is used worldwide to treat pre-term newborn infants suffering from respiratory distress syndrome, which is caused by an insufficient amount of the chemical surfactant in the lungs. With INSURE, the infant is intubated, surfactant is administered via the tube to the trachea, and at completion the ...
Arora Kamaldeep K Department of Pediatrics, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, 141001, - - 2014
Pneumothorax, though rare, is a recognized cause of respiratory distress in the immediate newborn period. It may occur spontaneously or secondary to various underlying lung diseases. Here we share our experience of a neonate with spontaneous pneumothorax with mild to moderate respiratory distress, who recovered completely with conservative management with ...
Astle Valerie V Department of Neonatology , Centenary Hospital for Women and Children , Canberra , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Pulmonary function abnormalities and hospital re-admissions in survivors of neonatal lung disease remain highly prevalent. The respiratory outcomes study (RESPOS) aimed to investigate the respiratory and associated atopy outcomes in preterm infants <30 weeks gestational age (GA) and/or birth-weight (BWt) <1000 g at primary school age, and to compare ...
Pacifici Gian Maria GM Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, Section of Pharmacology, Medical School, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is very important in anesthetic practice because of its relatively short time to peak analgesic effect and the rapid termination of action after small bolus doses. The objective of this survey is to review the clinical pharmacology of fentanyl in preterm infants. The bibliographic ...
van der Burg P S PS Department of Neonatology, Emma Children's Hospital AMC, PO Box 22660, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive, radiation-free tool to monitor regional changes in ventilation. This report describes, for the first time, that unilateral atelectasis in an extremely low birth weight infant results in a loss of regional ventilation measured by EIT in the affected lung. Conclusion: EIT is currently the ...
Wambach Jennifer A JA Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Division of Newborn Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
The American Thoracic Society (ATS) recently published a clinical practice guideline regarding the classification, evaluation, and management of childhood interstitial lung disease in infancy (chILD). As disease entities among infants with ILD are often distinct from forms seen in older children and adults, the guideline encourages an age-based classification system ...
Alicandro Gianfranco G National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), Rome, Italy; Cystic Fibrosis Center, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, - - 2014
Survival in cystic fibrosis (CF) has progressively improved and the female-gender disadvantage first described many years ago remains controversial. To describe the mortality trend due to CF in Italy over the last decades; to verify the female-mortality disadvantage; to compare the comorbidities reported in death certificates of CF patients with ...
Soudée Sophie S Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Robert Debré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris - - 2014
Background: Perinatal lung growth is highly vulnerable to inflammation and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), two major risk factors for chronic lung disease (CLD) in preterm neonates. However, the balance between extremely low gestational age (ELGA) and IUGR in very preterm infants as risk factors for CLD and co-morbidities remains poorly ...
Reese Laura Schwab - - 2014
The Period of PURPLE Crying program is used to educate parents and caregivers about normal infant crying and the dangers of infant shaking. We evaluated nurse-led, hospital-based implementation of the program using a nonexperimental, posttest-only design. New mothers rated the program as useful, and the program was effective in teaching ...
Gauer Robert L RL Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, NC, - - 2014
Preterm births (deliveries before 37 weeks' gestation) comprise 12% of all U.S. births and are responsible for onethird of all infant deaths. Neonatal medical advances have increased survival, and primary care physicians often care for infants who were in the neonatal intensive care unit after birth. Functions of the primary ...
Li Yue-Feng YF Department of Neonatology, Bao'an Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong, - - 2014
It is routine practice in most neonatal intensive care units to measure the volume and color of gastric residuals (GRs) prior to enteral bolus feedings in preterm very low birth weight infants. However, there is paucity of evidence supporting the routine use of this technique. Moreover, owing to the lack ...
Hui Annie S Y AS Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine trends in preterm birth and its relationship with perinatal mortality in Hong Kong. In a retrospective cohort study, data were reviewed from singletons delivered between 1995 and 2011 at a university teaching hospital. Trends in preterm birth (between 24 and 36weeks of pregnancy), perinatal mortality, and subtypes of ...
Pilypienė I I Vilnius University Faculty of Medicine, Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, VUH Santariskiu klinikos, Santariskiu str. 2, Vilnius, - - 2014
Intrauterine infection may induce the fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) and may cause cerebral palsy and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in newborns. The aim of the study was to evaluate the importance of FIRS for the early and later adaptation of preterms. Hundred and fifty-eight preterm infants, born at 22-34 weeks of gestation, ...
Swenson Erica E University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin; Department of Medical Genetics Services, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, - - 2014
Despite advances in perinatal care, stillbirth is relatively common (1/160 births) and frequently remains unexplained. Most recent protocols for etiologic evaluation of stillbirth either omit radiography or reserve it for infants with obvious skeletal disproportion. Over the past 30 years, the Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program has collected radiographic images from ...
Fonseca Luciana Mara Monti LM Author Affiliations: University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, Brazil (Drs Fonseca, Góes, Seixas, and Scochi and Ms Dias); and Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing (Dr Martins) and Department of Mental Health Nursing and Psychiatric (Dr Rodrigues), Coimbra Nursing School, - - 2014
The present study aimed to describe the development process of a serious game that enables users to evaluate the respiratory process in a preterm infant based on an emotional design model. The e-Baby serious game was built to feature the simulated environment of an incubator, in which the user performs ...
Lecoeur Christelle C CHU de Caen, Réseau de périnatalité, Caen F-14000, France; CHU de Caen, Service de gynécologie-Obstétrique, Caen F-14000, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the rate and circumstances of outborn deliveries within a French perinatal network, and to determine their avoidability. Cohort study including preterm infants <33 weeks gestation and/or weighing <1500g born outside a level III maternity unit in Lower Normandy region, France, in 2008-2010. In 2008 and 2009, only neonates ...
Shankaran Seetha S Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The outcomes of assisted reproductive technology (ART) should be not only the evaluation of successful initiation of pregnancy but also the birth of healthy infants and the evaluation of long-term outcomes of the offspring of the couple undergoing therapy. Maternal and neonatal outcomes are reported in another article in this ...
Balkanlı Süleyman S Department of Pathology, Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey. - - 2014
Association between malignancy and congenital pulmonary airway malformation is a rare entity in childhood. Herein, we describe a three-day-old infant with respiratory distress and cystic lung lesion on her left lung. A lobectomy was performed at the age of three days, and the patient was diagnosed with congenital pulmonary airway ...
Naseh Ali A Department of Pediatrics, Taleghani Hospital, Shahid-Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
We studied the effects of administering exogenous surfactant for the treatment of respiratory distress in premature neonates (born before 37 weeks of gestational age [GA]) and compared the role of different risk factors on the outcome as well as survival rate. All the neonates (242) suffered from moderate to severe ...
Wen Jian Guo JG Pediatric Urodynamic Centre, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, P.R., - - 2014
To understand the function development of bladder and its evaluation in neonates and infants less than 2 years old. Literature on neonatal and infant bladder function development and urodynamic evaluation were collected and reviewed. Normal range of bladder volume, pressure during voiding and other parameters in neonates and infants less ...
Christensen R D RD Women and Newborn's Clinical Program, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
Objective:We instituted a quality improvement process to enhance our capacity to diagnose genetic hemolytic conditions in neonates with extreme hyperbilirubinemia.Study design:During a 1-year period, whenever the total serum bilirubin (TSB) was >25 mg dl(-1) a special evaluation was perfomed. If we deemed an erythrocyte membrane defect likely, based on red blood cell ...
Bhandari Ritu R Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, Leiden, - - 2014
Childhood emotional maltreatment has been associated with a higher risk for maltreating one's own offspring. In the current study, we explored a possible role of oxytocin in mediating the association between childhood emotional maltreatment and participants' interpretation of infant facial expressions. Oxytocin levels were measured in 102 female participants using ...
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