Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1155
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Chaney Kristin P - - 2007
Congenital anomalies of the urinary tract in horses may be difficult to diagnose and treat. Presenting complaints are variable and include weight loss, depression, dysuria, hematuria, and mild colic. Although the most severe abnormalities are diagnosed in the neonate, some diseases, such as ectopic ureter(s), may be identified in older ...
Sunday-Adeoye I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The presence of a congenital malformation at birth is a cause of anxiety at an otherwise joyous occasion. Congenital malformations are a significant contributor to perinatal mortality. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of external congenital abnormalities in singleton and twin births in rural eastern Nigeria over a 20 year ...
Acherman Ruben J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cardiac malformations are common developmental anomalies. In the United States, congenital heart disease is the number one cause of infant mortality from congenital malformations. Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart defects aids treatment coordination. Our aim was to evaluate prenatal detection of serious congenital heart malformations in Clark County, ...
Matteelli A - - 2007
The cases are described of two infants who developed clinical and laboratory signs of congenital syphilis in Northern Italy, a region where the disease had not been documented for several years. The report urges greater vigilance and screening for syphilis among pregnant women and newborns, and contributes to the evidence ...
Wikner Birgitta Norstedt - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exposure to Benzodiazepines (BZD) during foetal life has been suggested to contribute to neonatal morbidity and some congenital malformations, for example, orofacial clefts. Here we aimed to study the neonatal outcome and congenital malformations in neonates whose mothers reported use of BZD and/or hypnotic benzodiazepine receptor agonists (HBRA) during ...
Rahajoe Anna Ulfah - - 2007
At a crude rate in Indonesia of 20 births per 1000 population, the total number of annual live-births is approximately 4.5 million. Considering the estimate of 9 of each 1000 affected live-births, 40,500 infants with congenitally malformed hearts are added every year to the total pool. The number of surgical ...
Cole J Alexander - - 2007
PURPOSE: To refine a preliminary analysis identifying a possibly increased prevalence of malformations among infants born to women exposed to paroxetine in the first trimester. METHODS: This study used data from UnitedHealthcare, a large U.S. insurer, using datasets originally for a study of bupropion in pregnancy. We identified women with ...
Davis Robert L - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate risks for perinatal complications and congenital defects among infants exposed in utero to antidepressants. METHODS: We identified 2201 women who were prescribed an antidepressant during pregnancy and who delivered an infant within one of five large managed care organizations (HMO). Prescription drug dispensings and inpatient and outpatient ...
Dean John - - 2007
The malformations found in fetal anticonvulsant syndromes (FACS) are associated with folic acid deficiency and methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms in the general population. To investigate a possible association between FACS and MTHFR genotype, we recruited 200 mothers who had taken anti-epileptic drugs in pregnancy, and delivered at Aberdeen Maternity Hospital ...
Cleves Mario A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Many infants with Down syndrome (DS) have co-occurring congenital malformations requiring intensive surgical and medical management. To anticipate the care needed by these infants, providers and parents require accurate information about birth defects that may be present. This article uses a unique national hospital discharge dataset to identify the ...
Fida Nadia M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of major and minor congenital malformations among liveborn infants at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Estimation of risk factors were also evaluated. METHODS: Between March 2004 and May 2005, a total of 5356 babies born at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, were enrolled in ...
Germanwala Anand V - - 2008
Vein of Galen malformations (VGM) are rare congenital arteriovenous fistulas that usually present with heart failure in the neonate. Endovascular treatment options in the past have utilized coils, balloons, and acrylics. We present, for the first time in the literature, a case of an infant with VGM treated initially with ...
Mulliken John B - - 2007
We describe six patients with an uncommon variant of infantile hemangioma that we have termed reticular, occurring in the extremity, which were associated with intractable ulceration, anogenito-urinary-sacral anomalies, and sometimes cardiac overload. The extreme end of the spectrum is exemplified by a male neonate who presented with a stained, enlarged, ...
Mosayebi Z - - 2007
This study determined the types, patterns and prevalence of congenital malformation among the offspring of consanguineous and nonconsanguineous parents. In this prospective study of 3529 neonates delivered alive during a 1-year period, 109 had congenital malformations (3.09/1000 live births). The rate of congenital malformation was 2.0% among neonates from nonconsanguineous ...
Garne Ester - - 2007
The aim of the study was to analyse the degree to which gestational age (GA) has been shortened due to prenatal diagnosis of gastrointestinal malformations (GIM). The data source for the study was 14 population-based registries of congenital malformations (EUROCAT). All liveborn infants with GIMs and without chromosomal anomalies, born ...
Abrams Matthew E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were (1) to identify the causes for hydrops fetalis neonates admitted for neonatal intensive care with the diagnosis of hydrops fetalis and (2) to identify the risk factors associated with death. METHODS: A retrospective review of a large national data set was performed. RESULTS: There were a ...
Hegde S - - 2007
Congenital alveolar dysplasia (CAD) is a rare disorder thought to represent alveolar growth arrest at the canalicular stage of development. An infant with CAD diagnosed on lung biopsy is reported, her respiratory problems resolved spontaneously and she was doing well at follow-up. The infant additionally suffered from systemic hypertension and ...
Chakraborty Rana - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Untreated syphilis may have profound adverse effects on pregnancy outcome, resulting in spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, premature delivery or perinatal death, or can result in significant morbidity during infancy, childhood or adolescence. In this article, we review current strategies for the management of maternal and congenital syphilis nationally ...
Sinha C K - - 2007
AIM: With the advances in technology, the outcome of oesophageal atresia (OA) and tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF) has significantly changed. The aim of this study was to review the outcome of OA and TOF with respect to the various known prognostic criteria and to find out if there is a need ...
Zoumalan Richard - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We undertook to identify data that facilitate determination of an accurate diagnosis of the cause of stridor in infants and to develop a framework to conceptualize the problem. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of patients less than 1 year of age with the presenting symptom of stridor who were ...
Hagmann Stefan - - 2007
Congenital malaria is reported rarely in the United States and almost exclusively affects infants of immigrant mothers. Because of its nonspecific presentation with fever during the first 3 months of life, it is an important differential diagnosis when evaluating such infants with fever in the pediatric emergency department. A complete ...
Dastgiri S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: At least one congenital anomaly is present in between 1% and 6% of all infants throughout the world. The aim of this study was to document some epidemiological features of congenital anomalies in the North-West of Iran. METHODS: The study cases (n = 1574) comprised all births registered/notified to ...
Plotinsky Rachel N - - 2007
We describe a case of congenital rubella syndrome with typical stigmata in an infant born in New Hampshire to Liberian refugees. The infant's clinical specimens were tested for rubella. Rubella immunity status was sought for contacts. The infant's specimen cultures grew wild-type rubella virus; serum immunoglobulin M and G were ...
Cole J Alexander - - 2007
PURPOSE: Reports from the GlaxoSmithKline Bupropion Pregnancy Registry suggested an increase in cardiovascular defects following exposure to bupropion during pregnancy. We conducted a study of congenital malformations among infants born to women exposed to bupropion during their first trimester. METHODS: The study used data from UnitedHealthcare between January 1995 and ...
Källén Bengt A J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Maternal use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) has recently been associated with an increased risk for certain malformations. METHODS: Using the Swedish Medical Birth Register, we identified women who had reported the use of SSRIs in early pregnancy and studied their infants, born between July 1, 1995 and ...
Khemchandani Sajni - - 2007
Variations in the anatomy of the hymen are common and imperforate hymen is an extreme manifestation. In spite of the recommendations for early inspection of the external genitalia, hymenal malformations escape diagnosis until the time of menarche. Rarely, female infants with imperforate hymen present with urologic complications. We would like ...
Laye M Ryan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prenatal diagnoses and clinical outcomes of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: A retrospective case series was developed by reviewing 16,983 ultrasounds performed between March 2003 and January 2006 for the prenatal diagnosis of CDH. Medical records of each mother/infant pair were reviewed for demographic information, ultrasound ...
Ceylan Kursat - - 2007
Congenital choanal atresia (CCA) is the developmental failure of the nasal cavity to communicate with nasopharynx. Surgical repair is recommended in the first weeks of life in bilateral cases because this is a life-threatening situation in newborns. This paper is a case report of a 7-day-old full term girl infant ...
Carta Maurizio - - 2007
Prenatal exposure to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) increases the risk of major congenital malformations (MCM) in the fetus. AED-related abnormalities include heart and neural tube defects, cleft palate, and urogenital abnormalities. Among the various congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) disease is one of ...
Dubnov-Raz Gal - - 2007
Asymmetric crying face (ACF) is a minor anomaly found in 3-8 per 1,000 births, which may be associated with other anomalies. Previous studies on this topic included small groups of selected subjects, resulting in large variations in findings. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics and associated ...
Källén Bengt - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk for congenital malformations among infants whose mothers used anti-asthmatic drugs during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 24,750 infants whose mothers reported the use of anti-asthmatic drugs in early pregnancy. Infants were identified from the Swedish Medical Birth Register where drug use reported at the ...
Lizama Macarena - - 2007
Isolated preauricular tags (IPT) are considered minor malformations whereas nephrourological anomalies (NUA) are considered major malformations. Their incidences fluctuate between 5 and 10 per 1,000 and 1-3 per 100 live births, respectively. There is contradictory evidence regarding the incidence of NUA in infants with IPT. The objective of this study ...
El Kholy Mohamed - - 2007
In the last decade a high frequency of extrathyroidal congenital anomalies has been reported in infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) detected by neonatal screening. In the present study the occurrence of additional congenital malformations (CM) in a cohort of children with confirmed primary CH due to thyroid dysgenesis was investigated. ...
Stoll C - - 2007
Infants with neural tube defects (NTDs) may have other associated congenital defects. The reported incidence and the types of associated malformations vary between different studies. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the prevalence of associated malformations in a geographically defined population. The prevalences at birth of associated malformations ...
Stavropoulos Franci - - 2007
Congenital epulis of the newborn is a rare soft tissue manifestation that affects infants, involving predominantly the maxillary ridge. When identified, generally at birth, excisional biopsy is recommended to avoid feeding and respiratory disturbances. This article presents a case report of a female infant who was referred to an oral ...
Huang Hsuan-Rong - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to delineate the etiology and the clinical features of liveborn neonates with hydrops fetalis, and to explore the prognostic factors for survival. Medical records of 28 liveborn neonates with hydrops fetalis between April 1995 and March 2005 were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, ...
van de Kamp J M - - 2007
There is a growing awareness that inborn errors of metabolism can be a cause of non-immune hydrops fetalis. The association between congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) and hydrops fetalis has been based on one case report concerning two sibs with hydrops fetalis and CDG-Ik. Since then two patients with hydrops-like ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2006
PURPOSE: We present a minimally invasive endoscopic approach for the treatment of persisting mesonephric duct in male infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five male infants 2 to 8 months old were referred with a history of recurrent sepsis, epididymo-orchitis and anorectal malformation that was treated elsewhere with initial colostomy. All infants ...
Ghose Supriyo - - 2006
PURPOSE: Controversy exists regarding the relationship between nasal pathology and congenital dacryocystitis. The recent advent of nasal endoscopes has greatly improved visualization of deep and hidden areas of nasal anatomy and has led to the elaboration of nasal anatomical variants and pathologies that were previously unknown. The current study aimed ...
Golalipour Mohammad Jafar - - 2007
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the prevalence and pattern of gastrointestinal malformations (GIM) among Iranian newborns in Gorgan, North of Iran. From 1998 through 2003, 37,951 live births in Dezyani hospital in Gorgan, North of Iran, were screened for gastrointestinal malformations. Clinical and demographic factors of ...
Lim Louis - - 2006
PURPOSE: To study ethnicity and other possible factors that may affect the incidence of echogenic intracardiac foci (EIF) when detected via sonographic examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were referred to our institution for sonographic evaluation from a wide range of practice formats, including both private obstetric practices as well as ...
Wu Yvonne W - - 2006
Clinical and neuroimaging characteristics of congenital hemiparesis were examined in a retrospective cohort study nested within 199,176 births within the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, 1997-2002. Infants with a physician diagnosis of paresis or cerebral palsy were electronically identified, and charts were reviewed to confirm congenital hemiparesis. A neuroradiologist reviewed ...
Goddard Deborah S - - 2006
The association consisting of posterior fossal malformations, cervicofacial, hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, cardiac defects, eye anomalies, and sternal clefting, or supraumbilical raphe, refers to the occurrence of congenital structural and vascular anomalies in the presence of a facial hemangioma. We report a patient with this association, growth retardation, and developmental delay ...
Heimann Konrad - - 2007
Congenital absence of the trachea is a rare anomaly that might confront the obstetrician or neonatologist with an unexpected emergency. These patients present with cyanosis, severe respiratory distress, insufficient gas exchange, absence of audible crying and difficult or impossible endotracheal intubation. In more than 90% it is associated with further ...
Curtis Logos - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To present clinical findings of a child with paternal uniparental isodisomy 14 (pat UPD14) focusing on relevant prenatal characteristics. METHODS/RESULTS: Ultrasonography at 23 weeks of gestation of a 37-year-old multigravid woman revealed a fetus with polyhydramnios, small thorax, and short, distinctively angled ribs. Fetal karyotype was 46,XY. The child ...
Rocha Gustavo - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Pleural effusions are rare in the neonate and may be associated to several clinical conditions. Only a few series of pleural effusions in the fetus and newborn are described in the literature. AIM: This study was undertaken to determine more accurately the causes and prognostic significance of pleural effusions ...
Yoshita Tsuyoshi - - 2006
A 9-month-old infant had bilateral corneal opacity with erosion in the inferior corneas. Clinical examination suggested the infant had congenital alacrima. After 1 week, both corneas perforated with collapsed anterior chambers. Therapeutic soft contact lenses with ofloxacin ointment 4 times daily were successful, and the perforations sealed within 1 week.
Wainwright H C - - 2006
An opportunity to determine the cause of death, factors that may have a role in it, and the extent and cause of malformations is provided by perinatal autopsy. The family may be assisted in finding closure after the death of their infant by the information obtained. Insight into classifying infants ...
Messineo Antonio - - 2006
Sirenomelia is an extremely complex and rare malformation with different degrees of lower-extremities fusion associated with gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, vascular, cardiopulmonary, and central nervous system malformations. In the English literature, there are only 5 reports of infants surviving with this condition. In our case, a 2540-g female infant was born with ...
Cooper William O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Use of angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy is contraindicated because of their association with an increased risk of fetopathy. In contrast, first-trimester use of ACE inhibitors has not been linked to adverse fetal outcomes. We conducted a study to assess the association between ...
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