Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1195
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Mathias Richard G - - 2010
While the congenital clubfoot deformity is a common deformity recorded in Uganda, the incidence of the condition had never been accurately determined. The objective of this study was to measure the overall incidence of congenital clubfoot deformity in a representative sample of births. A study of all babies born with ...
Wu Da-Dong - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Consistent definitions of congenital syphilis are critical for determining true incidences and setting up targets of elimination. This study aimed to assess the evaluation and management of infants at high risk of congenital syphilis with an antenatal syphilis-screening programme in the Shenzhen SEZ and to develop feasible definitions for ...
Kuo Debbie S - - 2010
Trichoepitheliomas are unusual, benign tumors of hair follicle origin. They may present in children and adults as acquired lesions on the body and face, but they rarely involve the eyelids. Solitary trichoepitheliomas have not previously been reported in infants. We present a first report of congenital solitary eyelid trichoepithelioma in ...
Lesi F E A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Congenital malaria has been increasingly documented in endemic regions. It is important to recognize those clinical features that are due to congenital malaria, which if undetected, might worsen the morbidity of the newborn. The aim of this study was to document the clinical presentation of neonates with congenital malaria ...
Kulaga Sophie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The validity of epidemiologic research on congenital malformations conducted using administrative databases relies heavily on the quality of diagnostic information. The goal of this study was to validate the diagnostic codes for major congenital malformations (MCMs) recorded in a medical service claims database against mother's report obtained by questionnaire. ...
de Siqueira Marília Teixeira - - 2010
This ecological study analyzed the association between pesticide use and prematurity, low weight and congenital abnormality at birth, infant death by congenital abnormality, and fetal death in Brazil in 2001. Simple linear regression analysis has determined a positive association between pesticide use and prematurity, low birth weight, and congenital abnormality. ...
Ellfolk Maria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may increase risk for congenital malformations and adverse perinatal outcome. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the published literature on exposure to SSRIs in utero and during lactation. METHODS: Literature search in PubMed. RESULTS: There is no conclusive evidence for increased risk for ...
Eventov-Friedman Smadar - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics recently published recommendations for the red reflex assessment in the newborn period to detect and treat ocular disorders as early as possible, and to prevent lifelong visual impairment and even save lives. The test is technically simple to perform, non-invasive, requires minimal equipment and ...
Krüger Carsten - - 2010
BACKGROUND: With 700,000 to 1.5 million new cases annually, congenital syphilis remains a major infectious cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates, infants and children in resource-poor countries. We therefore analyzed the extent of congenital syphilis in the pediatric patient population at our rural hospital in Tanzania. METHODS: For this ...
- - 2010
Untreated syphilis during pregnancy, especially early syphilis, can lead to stillbirth, neonatal death, or infant disorders such as deafness, neurologic impairment, and bone deformities. Congenital syphilis (CS) can be prevented by early detection of maternal infection and treatment at least 30 days before delivery. Changes in the population incidence of ...
Mohan Kriti - - 2010
The clinical manifestation of malaria in neonates and young infants is non-specific and differs from that of adults and older children. So a high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose malaria in early infancy. Chloroquine is the first-line treatment for Plasmodium vivax malaria in most parts of the world. ...
Winscott Michelle - - 2010
To investigate the drop in reported congenital syphilis cases from 28 in 2005 to 16 in 2006, the Arizona infant registries were cross matched with reported syphilis test among women in th estat STD database. Six previously unreported cases were identified; four live births and two stil births.
Vijayasekaran D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of associated airway anomalies in infants presenting with moderate to severe laryngomalacia. METHODS: Eighty three (83) symptomatic infants with recurrent respiratory symptoms including wheeze and cough diagnosed as moderate to severe laryngomalacia based on their clinical and direct laryngoscopic findings were subjected to fiberoptic bronchoscopy ...
Abalain M L - - 2010
Congenital tuberculosis (TB) remains a rare disease but is fatal if untreated. Early detection is difficult because of the non-specific nature of the symptoms in TB during pregnancy and infancy. This report summarizes a case of congenital TB in a very premature infant, born at 25 weeks gestation. Miliary TB ...
Dempsey M A - - 2010
An important aspect of prenatal diagnosis is the avoidance of emergency caesarean delivery (CD) where the abnormality is considered lethal and the infant will not survive. A consecutive cohort of 211,163 women delivered of infants weighing 500 grams or more in three tertiary referral centers from 01/95 to 12/04, was ...
K?ll?n Bengt - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The risk for congenital malformations is increased in infants born after in vitro fertilization (IVF). Some specific malformations appear to be more affected than others. METHODS: The presence of congenital malformations in 15,570 infants born after IVF with an embryo transfer between April 1, 2001, and the end of ...
Zhu Liping - - 2010
To assess the trends and determinants of maternal and congenital syphilis in Shanghai, China. We conducted a prospective cohort study of maternal and congenital syphilis from 2002 to 2006 in Shanghai, China. We presented the trends of maternal syphilis and congenital syphilis rates and compared outcomes in infants born to ...
Ha You Jin - - 2010
A 6-day-old infant presented with a deeply bluish cystic mass below the right medial canthus. She had been born healthy. Under the impression of a hemangioma brain computed tomography was conducted. As a result, a diagnosis of congenital dacryocystocele was made. We present this case to show that it is ...
Tiraboschi Iris Carla Niveyro IC Infectious Diseases Division, Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. - - 2010
We describe a case of congenital acquired candidiasis in a preterm female delivered through Caesarean section due to the premature rupture of the amniotic membrane. The neonate presented with suspected chorioamnionitis and erythematous desquamative skin. Candida albicans was isolated from the placenta, mouth, groin, and periumbilical lesions. The infant developed ...
Dolk Helen - - 2010
EUROCAT (European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies) is the network of population-based registers of congenital anomaly in Europe, with a common protocol and data quality review, covering 1.5 million annual births in 22 countries. EUROCAT recorded a total prevalence of major congenital anomalies of 23.9 per 1,000 births for 2003-2007. 80% ...
Mazen I - - 2010
BACKGROUND: External genital anomalies are among the most common congenital anomalies. Proper early diagnosis and management of genital abnormalities are of great importance to minimize medical, psychological and social complications. AIM: To detect the incidence of external genital anomalies and disorders of sex development (DSD) in Great Cairo and Qalyubiyah ...
Shinder Roman - - 2010
A generally healthy male infant was born with unilateral congenital eversion of the upper eyelid causing considerable conjunctival injection and chemosis. Conservative medical management with topical lubrication and antibiotics resolved the condition within a few days.
Licéaga Rodrigo - - 2010
This article presents 3 cases of infants with congenital ranula, a rare salivary gland pathology. Pathophysiology is discussed, differential diagnosis, and different treatment choices are explained.
Simpson Angela - - 2010
Sensitization to pets is a major risk factor for asthma. There are many reports on the relationship between household pets, sensitization to the pet, and sensitization to other allergens, often with conflicting results. Pet ownership is not random, and household pets are associated with exposures other than pet allergens. We ...
Fidancı Kürşad - - 2010
The effect of ghrelin on growth of the newborn has long been argued, but not fully clarified. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between ghrelin levels and growth parameters in the first 3 months of life. The study included 60 babies (27 girls and 33 boys) born ...
Thompson Amanda L AL Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2010
While the activation of the infant hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and the existence of a postnatal gonadotropin surge were first documented in the early 1970s, study of the longitudinal development of gonadal hormones in infancy, and the potential physiological and behavioral correlates of this development, have been hampered by reliance on infrequent ...
Pei Li-Jun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence for more accurate diagnosis of birth defects based on the pathoanatomy of congenital malformations. METHODS: Data used in this study were obtained from Luliang City Hospital and three county hospitals of Shanxi province between February 2004 and March 2006. Autopsy and pathological examination of 160 dead ...
Kulkarni Kalpana - - 2009
In infants & children variety of conditions and syndromes are associated with difficult Airway. Anaesthetic management becomes a challenge if it remains unrecognized until induction and sometimes results in disaster, leading to oropharyngeal trauma, laryngeal oedema, cardiovascular & neurological complications. A 4-month-old child with multiple congenital anomalies was posted for ...
Tzur Tamar - - 2011
To identify the incidence, risk factors, and perinatal outcome of newborns with congenital finger or toe (digital) anomalies. A retrospective study including all neonates born at a tertiary medical center during 2001-2006 with congenital digital anomalies was conducted. The comparison group consisted of newborns without such anomalies born during the ...
Vijayasekaran D - - 2010
This retrospective analysis documents the usefulness of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in finding the etiology of 56 cases of unresolved atelectasis in infancy, over a two year period (June 2005 to May 2007). Fiberoptic bronchoscopy identified the etiology leading to a revised diagnosis and change in management strategy in 38 (67.8%) cases, ...
Ramesh R - - 2009
A female infant, born with a tufted angioma, developed a coagulopathy with prolonged bleeding time, with the risk of progression to Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon. The difficulty in this case was judging the degree of this risk and therefore the most appropriate management. We opted for a conservative approach of observation, which ...
Ben Hamouda H - - 2009
Triple X syndrome is a relatively common sex chromosomal abnormality occurring in 0,1% of live-born female infants. Most of these infants have a normal phenotype and only a few cases with 47, XXX karyotype have congenital malformations. We report three cases of triple X syndrome that were diagnosed prenatally by ...
Kanamori Yutaka - - 2010
Infants with severe congenital anomaly often need to undergo operation followed by antibiotic therapy. As a result they inevitably acquire abnormal intestinal microbiota, which cause severe infections such as necrotizing enterocolitis. Also, intestinal function deteriorates and their nutritional state is very poor. In order to prevent these situations probiotic therapy ...
Guardiola Ana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies are one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality among infants. The involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) occurs in 21% of cases. OBJECTIVE: To identify incidence of CNS malformations and associated factors in newborns at a Terciary Hospital of Porto Alegre. METHOD: Case-control study ...
van der Linden Marieke H MH Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2009
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed in the first month of life (congenital ALL) is very rare. Although congenital ALL is often assumed to be fatal, no studies have been published on outcome except for case reports. The present study reports the outcome of 30 patients with congenital ALL treated with ...
Ergaz Zivanit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the underlying etiology, associated malformations, clinical course, and prognostic significance of congenital chylothorax. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 11 neonates admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit with congenital chylothorax between January 2000 and June 2008. The post-discharge clinical and developmental course was evaluated by a ...
Densupsoontorn N N Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. - - 2009
A 6-month-old male infant who presented with abdominal distension and congenital chylous ascites was diagnosed. He was initially refractory to conservative therapy, and then was completely cured with ligation of megalymphatics and fibrin glue application. Immunoperoxidase staining for CD31 on the biopsied peritoneal tissues highlighted the lining cells of lymphatic ...
Vivero Richard J - - 2010
Congenital agenesis of the sternum is an extremely unusual malformation rarely encountered by the practicing Otolaryngologist. It typically arises in conjunction with other midline ventral congenital anomalies, including abdominal, diaphragmatic, and cardiac malformations. We report a case series of two patients managed with tracheotomy placement due to prolonged intubation. The ...
Hernandez-Martin Angela - - 2009
Plate-like osteoma cutis is widely thought to be present at birth, but it has never been illustrated in early infancy until now. We report on an infant that presented with congenital plate-like osteoma cutis, showing the earliest clinical aspect of the lesion and its initial morphologic changes.
Yuasa Motoyuki - - 2009
Recently, the effects of environmental risk factors including chemical compounds and parents' lifestyles on the health of the next generations have widely gathered public concerns around the world because of the vulnerability of children to such environmental risk factors. To elucidate the processes and mechanisms of the effects in more ...
Acerini C L CL Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2009
Recent studies in other European countries suggest that the prevalence of congenital cryptorchidism continues to increase. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and natural history of congenital cryptorchidism in a UK centre. Between October 2001 and July 2008, 784 male infants were born in the prospective Cambridge Baby Growth ...
Ferede Atakelet - - 2009
Colonic atresia, unlike small intestine atresia, is a rare congenital malformation. Congenital absence of the entire colon is exceptionally rare. Moreover, an association of omphalocele and complete absence of the colon has not yet been reported in the literature. We present an infant born with such combination of congenital anomalies.
Noyes N - - 2009
Over the past decade, the number of reported live births resulting from oocyte cryopreservation has rapidly increased. To appreciate the true number of children born, verified live births were tabulated and assessed. A literature search was performed; authors were then contacted to verify birth outcomes and provide updates. A database ...
Chen Bing-Yu - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Congenital anomalies are important medical and public health conditions. However, the occurrence rates of congenital anomalies and their risk factors are unknown in Taiwan. We used the medical-practitioner-reported birth registry in 2002 to determine the occurrence of individual congenital anomalies and their associated risk factors, such as maternal age, ...
Fusco Carlo - - 2009
A 3-year-old female infant with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A had congenital pes cavus, normal motor development, and duplication of the peripheral myelin protein 22 gene, PMP22. Her father, carrying the same gene duplication, developed neuropathy, tremor, and auditory impairment beginning in early adulthood. This is a case of congenital pes ...
Parisi Melissa A MA Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105, - - 2009
A newborn female infant born to a woman on immunosuppressive medications including mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for a renal graft secondary to lupus nephritis presented with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and additional findings of microtia, esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula, cleft palate, congenital heart defect, digital anomalies, and dysmorphic facial features. ...
Ashmeade Terri - - 2009
Neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) often have other major malformations. Anatomic airway anomalies associated with CDH include congenital stenosis, pulmonary hypoplasia, and abnormal bronchial branching. We describe an infant with CDH who, after developing recurrent upper-lobe atelectasis, was found to have a right tracheal bronchus. This clinically significant anomaly ...
Sethi Sonia - - 2009
Only 2 neonates with transplacentally or perinatally acquired (congenital) babesiosis have been reported. We describe a probable third congenital case of babesiosis in a 26-day-old infant; transmission was determined on the basis of a blood smear from the infant (15% parasitemia) and serologic results from the infant and mother.
Swamy Ravi - - 2009
AIM: Talipes is a congenital anomaly that can be corrected conservatively or surgically. Despite advances in management, a proportion of pregnancies still result in termination. We therefore aimed to establish the birth prevalence, interventions and outcome of talipes in our population. METHODS: Cases with foetal talipes were identified from the ...
Koh Clare - - 2009
Infantile haemangiomas are usually not present at birth. This is a case of a female infant with an atypical congenital vascular tumour present at birth which ulcerated in the first few days of life, involuted over several months and showed histopathological features in keeping with either an involuting GLUT-1 positive ...
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