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Results 101 - 150 of 1130
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Georgiou Harry M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether birth of a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) baby (birthweight, <10th percentile) is preceded by altered maternal serum cytokine profiles at early pregnancy, compared with control babies (birthweight, 30-80th percentile). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study of maternal serum collected prospectively across 7-10 ...
Han Young-Hee - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of feeding methods on growth and zinc nutritional status of infants early in life, we monitored from birth to 36 months in 51 infants who were exclusively fed human milk (HM, n = 20), casein-based formula (CBF, n = 12), or soy-based formula (SBF, n = ...
Abramovich Milana - - 2011
Molybdenum is an essential trace nutrient in the human diet. Our purpose was to provide a comprehensive analysis of Mo content of various types of powdered infant formulas across Canada and the USA. All infant formulas, available on the day of sampling, were purchased from random supermarkets in Grand Forks, ...
Takekuma Mikiko - - 2011
This study investigates the compositional variations, changes in concentrations and contribution of particular congeners of PCDDs, PCDFs, non-ortho PCBs and mono-ortho PCBs in human milk from two mothers sampled during the 12-month lactation period. Total PCDD/F and dioxin-like PCB concentration in milk sampled from the primiparous mother on day 5 ...
de Carvalho Manoel - - 2011
Aim:  To describe the clinical approach to term and near-term newborn infants with severe hiperbilirubinemia and to analyse the effect of high intensity phototherapy on TSB levels. Methods:  We analysed a cohort of 116 newborn infants with severe non-hemolytic hyperbilirubinemia (TSB ≥ 20mg/dl / 342μmol/l). All patients were treated with ...
Chavez-Bueno S - - 2011
To measure systemic haptoglobin (HPT) concentrations from birth in preterm (PT) and T newborns. To compare HPT in newborns without hemolysis or infection with values in bacteremic newborns. HPT was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 30 PT and 28 T newborns without hemolysis or infection at birth (cord blood), ...
Ostergård M - - 2011
In a cross-sectional study, the primary objective was to assess the plasma concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in healthy 9-month-old infants (n=255). The secondary objective was to evaluate nutritional variables and season in relation to 25(OH)D. The concentration of 25(OH)D was 77.2±22.7 nmol/l (mean±s.d.), ranging from 12 to 151 nmol/l. During the ...
Osadchy Alla - - 2011
We describe a woman treated with cyclosporine after renal transplantation who commenced breastfeeding of her newborn infant. The child had no apparent clinical adverse effects to cyclosporine. To confirm the safety of breastfeeding and guide the patient and her clinician, cyclosporine concentrations in maternal blood, breast milk, and infant blood ...
García Nieto V - - 2011
Pyelectasis can be defined as mild to moderate dilatation of the urinary tract and is diagnosed by means of an ultrasound scan (0.5-2cm transverse diameter in the initial ultrasound performed after birth). There is some disagreement about whether cystography should be indicated as standard practice. The aim of this study ...
Saito Makoto - - 2011
Adiponectin, one of the adipocytokines, is postulated to play a key role in fetal growth, probably enhancing the growth-promoting effect of insulin through insulin-sensitizing action. To examine how different intrauterine or postnatal growth patterns relate to adiponectin secretion, we measured serum adiponectin concentrations in 30 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) and 19 small-for-gestational-age ...
Ueshima Satoshi - - 2011
The unbound serum concentration of valproic acid (VPA) is closely related to its therapeutic efficacy. In epileptic infants, the unbound VPA concentration varies largely from patient to patient, being difficult to predict using the reported equations for older children. To establish an equation to estimate the unbound concentration in infants, ...
Jusko Todd A - - 2011
Animal data indicate that developmental tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin exposure alters immune function; however, the potential immunotoxicity of dioxin-like and non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the developing infant is an understudied area. The aim of the current study is to examine the association between maternal and early postnatal PCB concentrations in relation to ...
Salvatore Christine M - - 2010
We report our experience of a 9-month-old infant treated with intravenous polymyxin B for multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia. Serial blood samples were obtained at steady state and serum drug concentrations were determined using a validated liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method. The elimination half-lives of polymyxin B1 and isoleucine-polymyxin B1 were found ...
Marc Isabelle - - 2011
Very preterm infants are vulnerable to deficiency in DHA. In a longitudinal study, 10 mothers who delivered ≤29 wk gestation and planned to breast-feed received DHA (1200 mg/d) until 36 wk after conception. The plasma DHA status was assessed in their 12 infants (including 2 pairs of twins) from birth ...
Blanco Cynthia Liudmilla - - 2011
To examine the changes in plasma amino acid (AA) concentrations over time when extremely low birth weight infants are provided either a standard intravenous AA supplementation (standard AA) or an early and high supplementation regimen (early and high AA). Sixty-two infants were enrolled at birth in a randomized, double-masked, prospective ...
Gordon Andrea L - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the transfer of buprenorphine and methadone between maternal and cord blood in women under chronic dosing conditions and to determine if differences exist in the transfer of the two methadone enantiomers. Maternal and cord blood samples were collected at delivery from women ...
van den Berg J P - - 2011
Newborn infants, especially preterm infants, have an immature immune system, which is not capable to actively protect against vaccine-preventable infections. Therefore, the newborn is dependent on transplacental transport of Immunoglobulin G (IgG), an active, FcRn receptor mediated process. Fetal IgG rises from approximately 10% of the maternal concentration at 17-22weeks ...
Mehta Rajeev - - 2010
Abstract Objective: High susceptibility to infection and deficient cytokine production in newborns make breastmilk beneficial, especially for very preterm-born infants. This study was conducted to identify the association between very preterm gestation and levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in transitional and mature breastmilk during the first month of lactation ...
Hung Yi-Li - - 2011
Aim:  Osteopaenia commonly occurs in preterm infants; however, its diagnosis is often delayed when based on radiological findings. The aim of this study was to examine whether serial measurements of bone turnover markers are useful for early prediction of osteopaenia in preterm infants. Methods:  Premature infants of ≤34 weeks gestation were ...
Chan Thomas Y K - - 2011
High levels of nitrate in vegetables are frequently reported. The potential hazard of vegetable-borne nitrate is from its conversion to methaemoglobin-producing nitrite before and/or after ingestion. Methaemoglobin cannot bind oxygen and produces a leftward shift in oxygen-dissociation curve, causing hypoxaemia. Infants under 3 months old are particularly susceptible to methaemoglobinaemia. ...
De Castro Clarissa S P - - 2010
In non-ideal scenarios involving partial or non-breastfeeding, cow's milk-based dairy products are mainstream in infant feeding. Therefore, it is important to study the concentrations of potentially neurotoxic contaminants (Pb and Cd) and their respective counteracting elements (Ca and Zn) in infant dairy products. Fifty-five brands of infant formulas and milk ...
Nachmias Nimrod N Kipper Institute of Immunology, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, - - 2010
B ACKGROUND:Feeding neonates with humanized milk formula in maternity hospitals may increase the prevalence of milk allergy in infants. However, prospective studies of the possible allergenic effect of very early soy-based formula feeding are lacking. To assess the prevalence of soy allergy in infants fed soy-based formula in the first ...
Bar-Yishay Ephraim - - 2011
Prone sleeping position, use of soft mattresses and head covering by bedclothes are known risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Rebreathing carbon dioxide (CO(2) ) may be a possible mechanism or a confounding factor of SIDS. To compare the aeration properties of a new concept of infant sleeping ...
Das B K - - 2010
Congenital Muscular Torticollis (CMT) is a postural deformity of head and neck detected at birth or shortly after birth, primarily resulting from unilateral shortening of Sternocleidomastoid Muscle (SCM). In neonates and infants, patient may cure conservatively by physiotherapy but surgery is the treatment of choice for children and adolescents. There ...
Saxena Amulya K - - 2010
Congenital anomalies encompass a wide range of malformations that could affect various organs and tissues in the newborn and infant population. These disorders that involve defects in or injury to a developing fetus may be a result of genetic abnormalities or mutations, alterations in the intrauterine environment, irregularities in morphogenesis, ...
Byrd H Steve - - 2010
A review of a single physician's experience in managing over 831 infant ear deformities (488 patients) is presented. The authors' methods of molding have advanced from the use of various tapes, glues, and stents, to a comprehensive yet simple system that shapes the antihelix, the triangular fossa, the helical rim, ...
Bianchi Silvia - - 2010
Spontaneous regression in the foetal period has been described for congenital hydrothorax. Hydrothorax may become larger and bilateral with hydrops and pulmonary hypoplasia. Prenatal thoracentesis and thoracoamniotic shunting of massive hydrothorax are indicated to decrease perinatal morbidity. In the neonatal period, persistent hydrothorax may require intensive care. To investigate neonatal ...
Tridapalli Elisabetta - - 2012
To study the prevalence of congenital syphilis and its risk factors in Italy. Prospective study from 1 July 2006 to 30 June 2007. Data on mother-child pairs were collected for every syphilis seropositive mother. Maternal syphilis seroprevalence at delivery was 0.17%. 207 infants were born to 203 syphilis seropositive mothers. ...
Owen Anthony - - 2010
Information on adoption of newer surgical strategies for gastroschisis and their outcomes is largely limited to hospital-based studies. The aim of this study was to use a new UK national surveillance system to identify cases and thus to describe the contemporary surgical management and outcomes of gastroschisis. We conducted a ...
Machado Anderson S - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of western blot (WB) analysis as a diagnostic tool for congenital toxoplasmosis in 215 newborn infants. The children were submitted to clinical examinations to assess macular, neurological and hearing signals. The WB results obtained were compared to the persistence of ...
Yin Yong - - 2010
Congenital tracheal web is a very rare abnormality that often manifests as wheezing, dyspnea, and respiratory failure. Misdiagnosis is common. Here we describe the case of a 47-day-old female infant who presented after severe, extended coughing. The diagnosis of congenital tracheal web was made following coronal computer tomography (CT) reconstruction ...
- - 2010
Soy infant formula contains soy protein isolates and is fed to infants as a supplement to or replacement for human milk or cow milk. Soy protein isolates contains estrogenic isoflavones ("phytoestrogens") that occur naturally in some legumes, especially soybeans. Phytoestrogens are non-steroidal, estrogenic compounds. In plants, nearly all phytoestrogens are ...
Palle Lalitha - - 2010
Congenital short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a relatively rare condition as compared to acquired SBS. It is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Infants usually present with failure to thrive, recurrent vomiting, and diarrhea. It is important to suspect and diagnose this condition promptly, as early initiation of parenteral nutrition ...
Stoll Claude - - 2010
Infants with limb reduction deficiencies (LRD) often have other associated congenital malformations. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the prevalence and the types of associated malformations in a defined population. This study included special strengths: each affected child was examined by a geneticist, all elective terminations were ascertained, ...
Haggstrom Anita N - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of posterior fossae of the brain, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, and eye anomalies (PHACE) in infants with large facial hemangiomas. The extracutaneous manifestations of PHACE may be associated with significant morbidity, and the prevalence of PHACE in patients with facial hemangiomas ...
Corona-Rivera J Román - - 2010
Prenatal exposure to methotrexate (MTX) in the first trimester may lead to fetal death, and surviving children have increased risks for cranial dysostosis, dysmorphic facies, skeletal malformations, limb defects, growth retardation, and, in some cases, developmental delay, a pattern of defects recognized as fetal MTX syndrome (FMS). We report on ...
Hwang Soon-Jin - - 2010
We compared filtering rates (FR) and mortalities between freshwater filter-feeding bivalve Corbicula leana acclimatized (AM) and non-acclimatized (NAM) to an cyanobacterial bloom (mainly Microcystis aeruginosa) over seven days. Both mussel populations were simultaneously stocked into mesocosms constructed in littoral zones of a eutrophic lake at a density of 740 ind. ...
Mathias Richard G - - 2010
While the congenital clubfoot deformity is a common deformity recorded in Uganda, the incidence of the condition had never been accurately determined. The objective of this study was to measure the overall incidence of congenital clubfoot deformity in a representative sample of births. A study of all babies born with ...
Wu Da-Dong - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Consistent definitions of congenital syphilis are critical for determining true incidences and setting up targets of elimination. This study aimed to assess the evaluation and management of infants at high risk of congenital syphilis with an antenatal syphilis-screening programme in the Shenzhen SEZ and to develop feasible definitions for ...
Kuo Debbie S - - 2010
Trichoepitheliomas are unusual, benign tumors of hair follicle origin. They may present in children and adults as acquired lesions on the body and face, but they rarely involve the eyelids. Solitary trichoepitheliomas have not previously been reported in infants. We present a first report of congenital solitary eyelid trichoepithelioma in ...
Lesi F E A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Congenital malaria has been increasingly documented in endemic regions. It is important to recognize those clinical features that are due to congenital malaria, which if undetected, might worsen the morbidity of the newborn. The aim of this study was to document the clinical presentation of neonates with congenital malaria ...
Kulaga Sophie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The validity of epidemiologic research on congenital malformations conducted using administrative databases relies heavily on the quality of diagnostic information. The goal of this study was to validate the diagnostic codes for major congenital malformations (MCMs) recorded in a medical service claims database against mother's report obtained by questionnaire. ...
de Siqueira Marília Teixeira - - 2010
This ecological study analyzed the association between pesticide use and prematurity, low weight and congenital abnormality at birth, infant death by congenital abnormality, and fetal death in Brazil in 2001. Simple linear regression analysis has determined a positive association between pesticide use and prematurity, low birth weight, and congenital abnormality. ...
Ellfolk Maria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may increase risk for congenital malformations and adverse perinatal outcome. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the published literature on exposure to SSRIs in utero and during lactation. METHODS: Literature search in PubMed. RESULTS: There is no conclusive evidence for increased risk for ...
Eventov-Friedman Smadar - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics recently published recommendations for the red reflex assessment in the newborn period to detect and treat ocular disorders as early as possible, and to prevent lifelong visual impairment and even save lives. The test is technically simple to perform, non-invasive, requires minimal equipment and ...
Krüger Carsten - - 2010
BACKGROUND: With 700,000 to 1.5 million new cases annually, congenital syphilis remains a major infectious cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates, infants and children in resource-poor countries. We therefore analyzed the extent of congenital syphilis in the pediatric patient population at our rural hospital in Tanzania. METHODS: For this ...
- - 2010
Untreated syphilis during pregnancy, especially early syphilis, can lead to stillbirth, neonatal death, or infant disorders such as deafness, neurologic impairment, and bone deformities. Congenital syphilis (CS) can be prevented by early detection of maternal infection and treatment at least 30 days before delivery. Changes in the population incidence of ...
Mohan Kriti - - 2010
The clinical manifestation of malaria in neonates and young infants is non-specific and differs from that of adults and older children. So a high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose malaria in early infancy. Chloroquine is the first-line treatment for Plasmodium vivax malaria in most parts of the world. ...
Winscott Michelle - - 2010
To investigate the drop in reported congenital syphilis cases from 28 in 2005 to 16 in 2006, the Arizona infant registries were cross matched with reported syphilis test among women in th estat STD database. Six previously unreported cases were identified; four live births and two stil births.
Vijayasekaran D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of associated airway anomalies in infants presenting with moderate to severe laryngomalacia. METHODS: Eighty three (83) symptomatic infants with recurrent respiratory symptoms including wheeze and cough diagnosed as moderate to severe laryngomalacia based on their clinical and direct laryngoscopic findings were subjected to fiberoptic bronchoscopy ...
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