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Jasnosz K M - - 1994
Although congenital diaphragmatic hernia is one of the most common congenital anomalies, complete bilateral absence of the diaphragm is a very rare variant, with six cases reported in the literature. A 1040 g black male infant was born at 27 weeks' gestation to a 28-year-old black woman with a history ...
Monteleone-Neto R - - 1994
Anencephaly is Suspected to cluster in the municipality of Cubatão (Brazil), and is attributed to industrial pollution. We surveyed malformations prospectively in 10,000 births, in 3 consecutive series, corresponding to 3 maternity hospital in Cubatão, under working definitions and norms taken from the ECLAMC (Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital ...
Spagnolo A - - 1994
Following the report on clusters of anophthalmia and microphthalmia in England and Wales and their possible relation to the pesticide Benomyl, we analyzed the situation in Italy for the period 1986 to 1990 using data from the Italian registries of congenital malformations and national data on Benomyl use. Of 940,615 ...
Donnenfeld A E - - 1994
Congenital transient leukaemia (CTL) is a haematological disorder characterized by proliferation of myeloblasts within the bone marrow and peripheral blood of affected newborns. Infants with Down syndrome are most frequently affected and although the disorder can result in fetal death due to hydrops, it typically resolves spontaneously after birth. We ...
Newbould M J - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of the autopsy findings on a series of infants dying with features of the oligohydramnios sequence, with particular reference to anomalies of the renal tract. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Pathology departments serving three maternity units in Manchester. SUBJECTS: Eighty-nine infants having an autopsy examination between ...
Starling S P - - 1994
Syphilis is a disease very much on the rise in certain populations in this country. It has reached epidemic proportions in some areas. This trend should be a concern to physicians caring for children in the United States. Rates of congenital syphilis are continuing to rise. Certainly, the poor prenatal ...
Wilson J M - - 1994
It has been reported previously that infants diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) antenatally have a much poorer prognosis than those diagnosed postnatally. The authors identified 173 high-risk (symptomatic within the first 6 hours of life) infants with CDH treated in the past decade. Seventy-seven cases were diagnosed antenatally and ...
Tulloh R M - - 1994
To compare echocardiography with clinical examination, radiography, and electrocardiography for the detection of congenital heart defects (CHD) a four year prospective study was carried out in 166 neonates with selected congenital gastrointestinal malformations (anorectal anomaly, tracheo-oesophageal fistula, duodenal atresia, exomphalos, and gastroschisis). Routine examination and investigation detected CHD in 16 ...
Hata A - - 1994
A male infant with scaphoid megalourethra, which is a rare congenital anomaly, is presented. At birth he exhibited a grossly swollen, malformed penis and cryptorchidism. The corpus spongiosum was not palpable. The infant had congenital renal failure. Retrograde urethrography revealed a crescent-shaped dilatation of the anterior urethra, and the diagnosis ...
Bode H - - 1994
A term infant with normal delivery presented with congenital tetraplegia and respiratory insufficiency just after birth. Magnetic resonance tomography on days 8 and 72 of life revealed an extreme thinning of the lower medulla oblongata. Endoscopy confirmed this and demonstrated the presence of vascular anomalies around the lesion which were ...
Meyer M P - - 1994
The diagnosis of congenital syphilis in apparently healthy infants continues to be problematic. Immunoglobulin M antibodies specific for a subset of Treponema pallidum antigens have been detected by Western blotting (immunoblotting). In the present study we investigated the sensitivity and specificity of this method. We tested 26 infants aged 0 ...
Cabañas F - - 1994
Thirty-seven infants whose cerebral real-time B-mode ultrasound (CUS) documented hyperechogenic areas in the thalamus and basal ganglia (HTBG) either of linear or fine punctate pattern, were studied prospectively by color Doppler imaging (CDI). This study aimed to establish a relationship between these areas and the regional vasculature, to analyze associated ...
Levin T L - - 1994
Radiologic evaluation is valuable for confirmation of congenital syphilis. Bony abnormalities are thought to be secondary to active disease or a growth response of bone to systemic illness. Anteroposterior lower extremity radiographs of 85 euthyroid term infants (> or = 38 weeks' gestation; mean weight, 3244 gm; range, 1940-4380 gm) ...
Jaruratanasirikul S - - 1994
We report on an infant with double trisomy 48,XXX, + 18. She presented with manifestations of trisomy 18: prominent occiput, microphthalmia, small mouth, micrognathia, malformed ears, congenital heart defect, overlapping fingers, talipes equinovarus, and rockerbottom feet. An extra palmar crease was present only on the right hand. This patient was ...
Hamilton R L - - 1994
Complete absence of the cerebellum is an extremely rare malformation. Most previous cases have had some remnant of cerebellar cortex, however small. We report two infants with complete absence of the cerebellum. One infant had hydrocephalus and numerous other malformations. The other infant had micrencephaly, which has not previously been ...
Schmitz J L - - 1994
We screened cord blood or serum samples from 101 infants at risk for congenital syphilis and serum samples from their mothers for immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA antibodies to Treponema pallidum by western blotting (immunoblotting). Clinical evaluation showed that six infants had signs and/or symptoms consistent with congenital syphilis. ...
Sumida S - - 1994
We studied the development of the pharynx in human embryos and fetuses. Embryos and fetuses from 4.5 mm crown-rump length (CRL) to 40 mm CRL were processed for microscopic examination. Normal fetuses from 32 mm CRL to 250 mm CRL and fetuses with malformations of the central nervous system (CNS) ...
Stevens C A - - 1993
Abdominal gestation is a relatively uncommon complication of pregnancy. Previous reports describe a high incidence of fetal deformations and mortality as well as maternal mortality. A case of twin abdominal gestation is presented and the literature concerning abdominal pregnancy since 1809 is reviewed. The survival rate of liveborn infants of ...
Reyes M P - - 1993
Among the women delivering a total of 9,591 infants in 1990 at Hutzel Hospital in Detroit, 148 had positive results in the rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption tests for syphilis. This group included primarily young, black, multigravid women with a history of crack cocaine use. RPR titers ...
Halliday J - - 1993
Record linkage between a prenatal diagnosis register and a congenital malformation register in the state of Victoria, Australia, has enabled further evaluation of the suggested association between limb deficiencies and early chorion villus sampling (CVS). We found 3 anomalies in this category after later CVS (i.e., 9 weeks and beyond), ...
Gensburg L J - - 1993
A descriptive epidemiological study of congenital cardiovascular malformations (CCM) was performed to evaluate the use of a model which groups selected cardiac lesions according to time of embryonic origin. Infants born from 1983-1986 to residents of New York State excluding New York City and reported to the Congenital Malformation Registry ...
Robert E - - 1993
Epidemiologic data were analyzed for a total of 2,693 infants with esophageal atresia registered in nine congenital malformation registries around the world. The average recorded prevalence at birth was 2.6 per 10,000 births, with a significant variability among programs--and sometimes within a program--and a maximum prevalence of above 3 per ...
Merino G - - 1993
Sexually transmitted pathogens are associated with a wide range of anomalies and diseases, including recurrent genital herpes, urethritis, syphilis, prostitis, genital ulcers, perihepatitis, unexplained infertility, infant prematurity, low birth weight, and neonatal death or malformations. Prompt diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is essential to ensure appropriate specific treatment and ...
Vernon-Roberts E - - 1993
A perinatal death presenting as a possible homicide is reported. An infant was born with a cleft palate, but without other apparent abnormality, to a mother who experienced postpartum depression. The infant apparently died during feeding. A death certificate, giving cot death and congenital malformations as the causes of death, ...
Thisted E - - 1993
An unselected series is presented of 17 infants born to epileptic mothers and exposed to sodium valproate during pregnancy. Nine infants had minor abnormalities and of these infants five also had major malformations, described as the 'fetal valproate syndrome'. The most frequent malformation was congenital heart disease. Nine of the ...
Niemsiri S - - 1993
Analysis of congenital syphilis in 455 infants and neonates between 1977-1991 in Children's Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand revealed 11 cases (2.4%) with evidence of congenital syphilitic nephrotic syndrome which were confirmed by clinical, serologic and laboratory findings, long bone x-rays and renal biopsy. Ages of all 11 cases were between 1 ...
Hemminki E - - 1993
The utility of three national registers--the malformation, birth, and hospital in-patient discharge registers--in identification of malformations among 60,255 children born in 1987 in Finland was compared. Information in the malformation register is collected by specific reporting of physicians; information on the malformed children in the other two registers in 1987 ...
Anegawa S - - 1993
A female infant with Arnold-Chiari malformation type II developed cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle at age 15 months. She received shunt emplacement into the dilated fourth ventricle to restore communication to the subarachnoid space and achieved improved symptoms and decreased ventricular size. Such dilatation is a typical feature of ...
Gurry D L - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To report two cases of congenital syphilis, a disease which should have been prevented. CLINICAL FEATURES: Two infants, both from the country, presented to Princess Margaret Hospital for Children. Case 1, a boy of five months, had unexplained fractures of radius and clavicle, suggesting non-accidental injury, a belief which ...
Helveston E M - - 1993
Congenital esotropia develops in the first 4 months of life in an infant who lacks the inborn mechanism for motor fusion. It manifests as an esotropia which is not eliminated by correction of hyperopia and occurs in an otherwise neurologically normal infant. The earliest practical time for surgery is 4 ...
Rawstron S A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To define the epidemiology, to determine factors associated with transmission, and to describe the clinical and laboratory features of congenital syphilis. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review and prospective analysis. SETTING: Kings County Hospital Center, Brooklyn, NY. PATIENTS: A total of 403 pregnancies during a 23-month period associated with positive syphilis ...
Bromberg K - - 1993
Most infants at risk for congenital syphilis can be identified easily by a positive maternal serologic test for syphilis. However, a diagnosis of congenital syphilis can be difficult to make in an individual infant. Seven infants with delayed-onset congenital syphilis and 101 newborns at risk for congenital syphilis were evaluated ...
Spitz L - - 1993
A total of 303 infants with esophageal atresia and/or tracheoesophageal fistula were treated over 10 years (1980-1989). The overall survival rate was 86.5%. Associated anomalies were identified in 51.8% of patients, the most common being cardiac malformations which affected 24.4% of infants and was responsible for the majority of deaths. ...
Wilson P D - - 1993
We studied the yearly occurrence of isolated cardiovascular malformations in liveborns for the period 1981-1988 in Maryland and the District of Columbia. We used Poisson regression to fit yearly prevalence at birth as a function of time for all cardiovascular malformation case types combined and for three diagnostic subgroups. We ...
Bourke W G - - 1993
To determine the incidence of silent renal anomalies in infants with isolated single umbilical artery (SUA), all infants with SUA and without other obvious congenital anomalies, identified over a six year period, were screened using renal ultrasonography. Over 35,000 placentas were examined. An isolated single umbilical artery was identified in ...
Robert E - - 1993
This is an exploratory study on birth defects in municipalities through which overhead high voltage power lines (HVPL) pass. It was aimed to test the association between maternal residencial proximity to HVPL and congenital anomalies through a case-control study based on data from the Central-East France Registry of Congenital Malformations. ...
Little J - - 1993
Studies of the association between the Chernobyl accident in April 1986 and reproductive outcome, with particular reference to congenital anomalies, are reviewed. All of the studies so far have been based on the detection of a change in frequency over time. An increased frequency of trisomy 21 in the former ...
Cohen M M MM - - 1993
We report on visceral anomalies found in 136 patients with Apert syndrome. Autopsies were only performed on 12 of these cases. Thus, the percentage of anomalies found in our patients should be considered a minimum estimate because of the possibility of clinically silent visceral anomalies, minor internal anomalies, and anatomic ...
Bader D - - 1993
Genital prolapse in the female infant during the neonatal period is relatively rare and is usually associated with anomalies of the central nervous system. A case of vaginal prolapse in a small-for-gestational-age preterm female infant, without any associated nervous system anomalies, is presented. The clinical presentation, diagnostic approach, management, and ...
Reese V - - 1993
Cutaneous hemangiomas are common benign tumors of infancy that only rarely are associated with malformations in other tissues or organs. We report nine infants with large facial hemangiomas who also had Dandy-Walker malformations or similar posterior fossa abnormalities. On the basis of the experience with our patients and with those ...
Mac Kenzie W R - - 1993
Between 1985 and 1991, increases in early (infectious) syphilis occurred among Wisconsin residents (1.8 to 18.4 cases per 100,000 persons). Males represented 54% and females 46% of early syphilis cases. Increases in early syphilis morbidity occurred among both white residents (0.9 to 1.5 cases per 100,000 persons) and black residents ...
Liu C C - - 1993
During the 4-year period February 1989 to January 1993, 13 premature babies aged 1-21 days and with congenital syphilis were admitted to the National Cheng Kung University Hospital. Of the 13 premature infants, 8 (62%) had unusual desquamation over palms and soles. Bone changes with periosteal reaction and/or metaphyseal dystrophy ...
Drut R - - 1993
Necropsy findings in a male stillborn at 31 weeks gestational age included nonimmune hydrops, hydramnios, and microcephaly secondary to a hemangioendotheliomatous malformation at the tentorium. The vascular lesion was composed by large and small tortuous endothelium-lined vessels and leiomuscular septa. The lesion is thought to be related to the more ...
Pietrzyk J J - - 1993
Birth prevalence of congenital malformations ranges between 2 and 6%, depending on the population. Congenital malformations significantly contribute to the causes of early and late infant mortality as well as to the development of severe handicaps. These facts make congenital malformations a serious medical and social problem. In many cases, ...
Estroff J A - - 1992
The Dandy-Walker variant is a less severe posterior fossa anomaly than the classic Dandy-Walker malformation. In 17 consecutive fetuses, the Dandy-Walker variant was diagnosed at sonography, and associated defects, karyotypic anomalies, and outcomes were evaluated. Four of the 17 fetuses (24%) had mild ventriculomegaly. Eight of the 17 (47%) had ...
Hirano S - - 1992
Leptomeningeal glioneuronal heterotopia was observed in 40 of 129 autopsied infants (31%). It was present in 49% of patients who had congenital anomalies in general and in 65% of patients who had central nervous system malformations. Most of the leptomeningeal glioneuronal heterotopias appeared in the base of the brain (62.5%), ...
Jacobi K P - - 1992
Hutchinson's incisors and Moon's molars are specific lesions of congenital syphilis. The extensive but fragmentary clinical literature on these conditions describes reduced dimensions and thin enamel in the permanent incisors and first molars, crowding and infolding of the first molar cusps, notching of the upper incisors, and apical hypoplasias of ...
S?nchez P J - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the neonatal IgG and IgM response to specific Treponema pallidum antigens in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of infants with congenital syphilis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Newborn nursery and neonatal intensive care unit of a county hospital in Dallas, Tex. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one infants born to mothers with reactive ...
Lilja M - - 1992
Registry data on all infants born in Sweden between 1983 and 1986 are reviewed to describe perinatal mortality and malformation rate of infants with single umbilical artery (SUA). Since SUA is much more common in infants with chromosomal anomalies and in twins this analysis is confined to the 1694 singletons ...
Desenclos J C - - 1992
The incidence of congenital syphilis in Florida increased sixfold from 1985 through 1989, and more than 80% of the cases occurred in metropolitan areas of southern Florida. To characterize the population of pregnant women in Florida at high risk of delivering an infant with congenital syphilis, the authors conducted a ...
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