Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1157
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Wong Diane C. - - 1999
PURPOSE: To analyze the predictive value of early postnatal ultrasonography in congenital hydronephrosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of 77 affected infants at our institution. All postnatal ultrasound studies were evaluated using 2 classification systems, the Anterior-Posterior Diameter (APD) system and the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) ...
Ami M B - - 1999
Persistence of the right umbilical vein is variably associated with life-threatening malformations of the fetal genitourinary, gastrointestinal, cardiac, and skeletal systems. Varices of the intraabdominal umbilical vein, although not necessarily associated with other malformations, do seem to carry a risk of fetal mortality, especially if they are large or appear ...
Aslan Y - - 1999
Congenital primary hypoparathyroidism is very rare in infancy. It may be isolated or associated with other developmental defects, arising from the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches such as DiGeorge syndrome. Initial symptom of isolated primary hypoparathyroidism in an infant is usually generalized convulsion due to hypocalcemia. However, the clinical spectrum ...
U─čurlu K - - 1999
Congenital fusion of the maxillary alveolar process and mandible is a very rare entity. A one day old male newborn was referred to our clinic with a diagnosis of a 'absence of oral cavity'. Physical examination revealed that there was no mouth opening bilaterally in the posterior region due to ...
Kuehl K S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that predict failure to diagnose congenital heart disease in newborns. DESIGN: All fatal cases in the Baltimore-Washington Infant Study were compiled. The Baltimore-Washington Infant Study includes 4390 cases of infants with congenital cardiovascular malformations identified in a population-based study between 1981 and 1989 in the Baltimore-Washington ...
Mastroiacovo P - - 1999
Data provided by nine registries based in European and Latin America countries were analyzed to assess whether there is an excess of malformations in twins compared to singletons. Specific congenital malformations were coded according to the ninth revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Malformation rates and rate ratios ...
Tsai F J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To define the nature and incidence of minor anomalies in Chinese newborn infants and to evaluate the validity of the hypothesis that infants with three or more minor surface anomalies will also have a major malformation. METHODS: A total of 3,345 Chinese newborn infants were examined based on a ...
Rylander L - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess whether a high dietary intake of fatty fish from the Baltic Sea, contaminated with persistent organochlorine compounds, might increase the risk for congenital malformations and perinatal death. METHODS: A cohort of fishermen's wives from the Swedish east coast (at the ...
Grech V - - 1999
AIM: Recent studies have shown a correlation between environmental pollutants and increased risk of selected congenital malformations. The South-East area of the Island of Malta is much more industrialised than the more rural North-West area. The aim of this study was to test the null hypothesis that there are no ...
To W W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between maternal smoking and fetal congenital central nervous system malformations. METHODS: Retrospective review of all cases of fetal congenital malformations of the central nervous system (CNS) identified at or shortly after birth over a 10-year period (1986-1995) in a university teaching obstetric department. RESULTS: The ...
Beke A - - 1999
The authors present the results of their follow-up studies of data from the last four years on patients with congenital ventriculomegaly. OBJECTIVE: To study the psychomotor and mental developmental outcome of neonates with congenital ventriculomegaly diagnosed prenatally. In addition, patients were also classified into subgroups with subgrouping based on the ...
Rahi J S - - 1999
PURPOSE: Active surveillance has not been widely used in ophthalmologic research. The use of capture-recapture analysis to determine completeness of case ascertainment by active surveillance in a national study of congenital cataract is reported. METHODS: In 1 year in the United Kingdom, all incident diagnoses of congenital and infantile cataract ...
Garne E - - 1999
The study describes the epidemiology and mortality of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) in a population-based study in Western Denmark. Ninety-two infants with TOF were born during 1984-1992. Prevalence was 3.01 per 10,000 livebirths. Karyotype anomalies were present in 12 (13%) and extracardiac malformations in 16 (17%) of the infants. Down ...
Stoll C - - 1999
The risk for birth defects in the offspring of first-cousin matings has been estimated to increase sharply compared to non consanguineous marriages. As a general decline in the frequency of consanguineous marriages was observed in this century, one wonders whether consanguinity is still a factor in the appearance of birth ...
Ainsworth S - - 1999
AIM: To determine the prevalence and clinical significance of murmurs detected during routine neonatal examination. METHODS: In a two year prospective study, 7204 newborn babies underwent routine examination by senior house officers. All those with murmurs underwent echocardiographic examination. All babies presenting later in infancy were also identified, to ascertain ...
Stoll C - - 1999
The French national neonatal screening program for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) was initiated in 1978. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the incidence of congenital extrathyroid anomalies (ETAs) among the infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and to compare it with the Northeastern France Birth Defect Monitoring System data from ...
Possoegel A K - - 1999
Esophageal atresia (EA) is often accompanied by vertebral defects and other anomalies. The adriamycin rat model of EA has disclosed the embryology of the malformation and shown that the vertebrae and notochord are also abnormal. This study describes the nature of notochord malformations in rat embryos exposed to adriamycin. Time-mated ...
Tateno M - - 1999
Recently, stent implantation has become the treatment of choice for patients with tracheobronchial stenosis due to malignant tumours, tuberculosis and recurrent stenosis following lung transplant. However, reports on this procedure in infants with congenital bronchial stenosis are extremely rare. We report successful stent implantation in an infant with congenital left ...
Boyd P A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The benefits and harm associated with prenatal diagnosis are open to debate. We give a 6-year overview of the experience of one prenatal-diagnosis unit using a defined, unselected population. METHODS: All congenital malformations suspected prenatally and all congenital malformations, including chromosome anomalies, confirmed at birth were identified from the ...
Prendergast B - - 1998
This report describes a case of a pre-term infant with congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation involving the whole lung who received a life-saving pneumonectomy. The challenges in decision-making, surgery, and subsequent management are discussed. The principles are applicable in general to a number of babies in a paediatric intensive care unit.
Bhat B V - - 1998
Congenital malformations were studied prospectively from September 1989 to December 1992 covering 12,797 consecutive deliveries. The overall incidence of malformations was 3.7% and it was 3.2% among live births and 15.7% among still births. Three hundred and ninety seven birth defects were observed among 308 live births and 72 among ...
Austin M P - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence from all studies of adverse effects on infant outcome of psychotropic medications taken during pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE January 1976-February 1998, EMBASE 1976-February 1998, and bibliographies of retrieved articles. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: All studies focusing on adverse effects associated with psychotropic drug use ...
Hassan E - - 1998
Hemangiomas, common congenital lesions in infants and children, are thought to arise when islands of angioblastic tissue fail to connect with the developing vascular system. They are not usually life-threatening. A case of congenital capillary hemangioma in an infant, which was surgically excised, is reported, and therapeutic approaches are discussed.
Fricker-Hidalgo H - - 1998
The biological diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis at birth is important to determine the infant's treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the placenta results in the congenital toxoplasmosis diagnosis and to compare them with those obtained with other samples collected at birth (cord blood and newborn blood). A ...
Bittar Z - - 1998
3865 consecutive newborns delivered between 2/1/91 and 7/31/93 were prospectively studied. All the neonates received a physical examination during the first 24 hours of life. Major congenital anomalies (MCA) were found in 64 newborns at incidence of 16.5/1000 births. 61 patients with full description included 40 with single and 21 ...
al Talabani J - - 1998
Between January 1992 and January 1995 a total of 24,233 babies born consecutively in Corniche Hospital which is the only maternity hospital in Abu Dhabi, the capital of UAE, were surveyed for the presence of major congenital malformations. A total of 401 infants (16.6/1000) had a major defect. Of these ...
De Galan-Roosen A E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE:: To determine the precise contribution of congenital malformations to perinatal mortality in a region. DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive. SETTING: Region, Delft-Westland-Oostland (DWO) in the Netherlands. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The registration was based on data concerning all deliveries of women domiciled in the health region DWO of the Netherlands. The incidence ...
Austin-Ward E - - 1998
We report a case of a newborn infant whose mother had systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) diagnosed before pregnancy. The child had clinical manifestations of neonatal lupus as well as chondrodysplasia punctata and other findings that resemble the congenital anomalies associated with the use of oral anticoagulants, with no history of ...
Finelli L - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Diagnosis of congenital syphilis is problematic: infants with congenital syphilis are often asymptomatic, and signs in symptomatic infants are frequently subtle and nonspecific. Furthermore, there are no readily available diagnostic tests that provide a definitive diagnosis. Previously, the diagnosis of congenital syphilis was based on a complex ...
Merlini E - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) and genitourinary malformations in children presenting with acute epididymitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five children between 2 months and 14 years of age presenting with acute epididymitis underwent urine culture, abdominal ultrasound, voiding cystourethrography and, in selected cases, intravenous pyelography. Eleven ...
Skari H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine the sensitivity of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis in neonates referred for surgery, and to test whether a prenatal versus postnatal diagnosis influenced mode of delivery and neonatal outcome of these infants. PATIENTS: Thirty-six consecutive neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, abdominal wall ...
Takaya J - - 1998
Adrenal enlargement was followed by serial ultrasonography in an infant with congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia (lipoid CAH) from day 12 until 2 years and 4 months of age, when they were no longer detectable. Contrary to other types of CAH in which the configuration changes soon after replacement therapy, this ...
Jain P K - - 1998
Omphalopagus parasite is a very rare congenital anomaly. Presented here is a case in which an extra truncus was attached to an infant in the region of the epigastrium. The truncus had well-formed extremities, an abdomen, and a hypoplastic thorax. The infant had a small omphalocoele in addition to the ...
Begovic D - - 1998
We report on a month-old infant with dysmorphic face and several anomalies known to be associated with trisomy 13. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies performed on metaphase cells allowed us to identify an extra material on the short arm of the chromosome 13 as a duplication of 13q22-qter.
Kessel J - - 1998
Discharge of the newborn within 24 to 48 hours after birth makes it more difficult to detect some congenital malformations and increases the need for careful examination and review of the history of the pregnancy, delivery, and nursery course. Progressive physiologic changes after birth, especially in the cardiovascular system, precede ...
Barkovich A J - - 1998
We report the neonatal courses, early postnatal development, and neuroimaging findings of 17 patients with marked microcephaly and simplified cerebral gyral patterns, a condition that we call microlissencephaly. Retrospective analyses of the clinicoradiologic features of these patients allowed segregation of the patients into 5 distinct groups with varying outcomes. The ...
Riley M M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the characteristics of Victorian infants born between 1983 and 1995 who are affected by one or more of 27 sentinel birth defects. METHODOLOGY: Using data on congenital malformations supplied to the Victorian Perinatal Data Collection Unit from multiple sources between 1983 and 1995, information ...
Mobley J A - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study examined risk factors for congenital syphilis in South Carolina. METHODS: Case infants with presumptive and confirmed congenital syphilis were compared with control infants born to women with reactive serologies during pregnancy, allowing investigation of risk factors for congenital rather than acquired transmission of syphilis. Data were collected ...
Thummala M R - - 1998
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Single umbilical artery (SUA) is an associated finding in many chromosomal abnormalities and congenital malformations. However, SUAcan also be seen as an isolated finding. The extent of diagnostic investigation and follow-up needed in infants with SUA as an isolated finding has long been debated. In this study the authors ...
Isaksen C V - - 1998
Detection of fetal developmental abnormalities by ultrasound examination of pregnant women has become a specialized field of medicine. Quality control of this field requires detailed examination of aborted fetuses. In 408 fetuses and infants with developmental anomalies, the prenatal ultrasound findings were compared with the post-mortem findings. This study focused ...
Moyer V A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of long-bone radiographs to the diagnosis and management of newborn infants at risk for congenital syphilis. DESIGN: Historical cohort. SETTING: Three large hospitals in Houston, Tex. PATIENTS: Eight hundred fifty-three live born infants who were evaluated for the presence of congenital syphilis. INTERVENTION: Long-bone radiographs ...
Martinez-Frías M L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Most of the reports on mothers with bicornuate uterus analyze fertility, reproductive capacity, and pregnancy outcomes. Very few of them, however, mention the risk for congenital anomalies in their offspring. Further, to our knowledge, no epidemiologic studies estimating the risk for congenital defects and analyzing the type of anomalies ...
Oakley G A - - 1998
We investigated the incidence of congenital malformation in all infants with raised thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels on neonatal screening in Scotland between August 1979 and December 1993. Of 344 infants with elevated TSH, 31 (9%) had one or more malformations: 12 cardiac 15 noncardiac, and 16 dysmorphic syndromes (including 5 ...
Singh Z N - - 1998
A retrospective analysis of infant autopsies in the last 14 years was done with the aim of determining the frequency of associated malformations. Renal dysplasia comprised 36 of 594 autopsies done and was the commonest congenital urologic malformation (6.06% of all infant autopsies). Histologically all cases were characterised by hallmarks ...
Tang S - - 1998
Fifty cases, 16 with sternocleidomastoid pseudotumor of infants (SCMPOI) and 34 with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), were investigated by light and electron microscopy. The ultrastructure of the pseudotumor revealed that there were myoblasts, fibroblasts, myofibroblasts, and mesenchyme-like cells, which consisted of fibrous tissue and were regarded as fibroblasts only in ...
Comellini L - - 1998
We report a case of congenital malaria in a newborn whose mother is a native of Zaire now living in Italy. The baby developed remittent fever in the 3rd week of life with anaemia and hepatosplenomegaly. Malaria parasites found in blood smears and erroneously diagnosed initially as Plasmodium falciparum were ...
García A M - - 1998
Pesticides are chemicals that are widely used all over the world. Human beings can be exposed through environmental contamination and/or occupational use of pesticides. Although there is substantial information on the acute toxicity of many of these chemicals, available knowledge on delayed effects is much more limited. This paper reviews ...
Casanova D - - 1998
Early curettage of giant congenital naevi in new-born infants, if performed during the first few weeks after birth, can have a substantial effect on the pigmentation of the lesions, reducing the number of pigmented cells and leaving only moderate scars. We describe our experience in a series of nine congenital ...
Conover C S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Although congenital syphilis usually occurs as a result of a failure to detect and treat syphilis in pregnant women, failures of the currently recommended regimen to prevent congenital syphilis have been reported. CASE: This report describes an infant with congenital syphilis despite maternal treatment with a regimen exceeding current ...
Parodi M B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Iris arteriovenous communication (IAVC) represents a quite rare congenital anomaly, consisting of abnormal vascular connection bypassing the iris capillary bed. The aim of the present study is to describe clinical and angiographic pattern of IAVC on iris fluorescein angiography (IFA) and on indocyanine green videoangiography (IICGV). METHODS: During a ...
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