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Results 451 - 500 of 1150
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Fofana Djibril - - 2002
In previous report on prenatal developmental effects of pure 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) in rat, we found that this chemical was maternally toxic, embryolethal, and that it induced urogenital malformations in the fetuses. In the present report, we investigated the postnatal survival of the offspring prenatally exposed to 2,4-D during organogenesis, ...
Lapunzina Pablo - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between large for gestational age (LGA) and demographic and medical risk factors as well as specific types of congenital anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, case-control study on 2,149,617 consecutive births was conducted. LGA was defined as 1.64 SD above the mean weight for gestational age, ...
Olivieri A - - 2002
In the last decade a high frequency of other congenital anomalies has been reported in infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) detected by neonatal screening. In the present study the occurrence of additional congenital malformations (CM) in the population of CH infants detected in Italy between 1991 and 1998 (n = ...
Korkmaz Ay┼če - - 2002
Esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula is a relatively common congenital anomaly. However, esophageal atresia with associated laryngotracheal atresia, double tracheoesophageal fistula and cardiac malformations is an extremely rare condition. In this article we report a newborn infant with severe respiratory distress at birth who had both esophageal and ...
Ito O O Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Iizuka Hospital; Kurume, - - 2001
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is one of the most difficult intracranial vascular lesions because this disease consists of extremely high flow shunts and affects infants and small children. Thanks to the development of various diagnostic modalities, early diagnosis became possible allowing us to prepare appropriately according to the ...
Jungmann E M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) by HIV positive pregnant women in London since 1994 and the risk of congenital abnormalities associated with multidrug exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: Retrospective multicentre study of medical, obstetric, and paediatric notes of all mother-infant pairs, where the mother ...
Castilla E E - - 2001
The present knowledge of epidemiological methods, applied to assess the correlation between industrial contaminants and rates of congenital anomalies is reviewed. The concept of congenital anomalies may be extended to include other adverse reproductive outcomes, such as malformations, infant mortality, stillbirths, spontaneous abortions, intrauterine growth retardation, ectopic pregnancies, multiple births, ...
Liu S - - 2001
Prenatal diagnosis of major congenital anomalies and subsequent termination of affected pregnancies has been widely available as part of routine obstetric care in recent years. In this study, vital statistical data on stillbirths, live births, and infant deaths were used to examine secular trends in gestational age-specific and category-specific fetal ...
Yalçin B - - 2001
Congenital/infantile fibrosarcoma occurs frequently in the first year of life and differs from fibrosarcoma in adulthood. The clinical course of congenital/infantile fibrosarcoma is more favorable and metastatic spread is rare. While adult fibrosarcomas are common in the thigh, congenital/infantile fibrosarcomas affect chiefly the distal portions of the extremities. Standard treatment ...
Efrat Z - - 2001
We report on a newborn in whom an echogenic protrusion arising in the caudal region was detected at 12 weeks' gestation. Subsequent ultrasound examinations at weeks 15 and 22 failed to demonstrate this finding. After birth, the infant was found to have a pilonidal sinus. The pilonidal sinus may represent ...
Al-Jama F - - 2001
A review of 14762 singleton live-born babies during a period of 6 years at the King Fahad Hospital, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia is made with a view to study the clinical pattern of easily identifiable congenital malformations among neonates. The incidence of congenital malformations in the study was 17.0/1000 live births. ...
Cuschieri A - - 2001
The prevalence of anal anomalies among 4,618,840 births recorded in 33 EUROCAT registries between 1980 and 1994 was 4.05 per 10,000 births. Of the 1,846 recorded cases, 672 (36.4%) were isolated anal anomalies while 1,174 (63.6%) occurred together with other anomalies. Only isolated anal anomalies were analyzed in this study: ...
Campbell A L - - 2001
A 4-week-old female newborn developed ascending flaccid paralysis and radiologic evidence of myelitis; the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis was confirmed by the presence of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulins in both mother and infant, and detection of Toxoplasma sequences in the infant's cerebrospinal fluid by polymerase chain reaction analysis. Treatment with pyrimethamine, ...
Lee K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We examined a trend in infant mortality caused by congenital malformations in the United States, particularly for the racial disparity between whites and nonwhites. METHODS: We used US annual summary data on cause-specific infant mortality for 1970-97 and detailed birth and infant death linked data for 1985-87, 1989-91, and ...
Chadha R - - 2001
A 1-day-old boy who presented with an anorectal malformation (ARM) was found to have a segmental dilatation of the colon (SDC) associated with a typical congenital pouch colon (CPC) malformation. The distal colonic pouch terminated in a high colovesical fistula. The posterior portion of the perineal raphé was duplicated and ...
Narain S - - 2001
We report here a case of congenital syphilis presenting in a newborn infant at birth. A negative infant VDRL test, pseudoparesis and more notably, joint swellings (arthritis) were features seen uncommonly. Florid skeletal involvement, which is rarely seen in the early neonatal period, prompted us to draw attention to the ...
Dodds L - - 2001
Using data from the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database, rates of adverse birth outcomes were compared among residents of Sydney, Nova Scotia and residents of Cape Breton County, Nova Scotia (excluding Sydney) with birth outcomes among residents of the rest of Nova Scotia. There was a small but statistically significant ...
Vargas J E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We compared the prevalence of major and minor anomalies in a consecutive sample of newborn infants with congenital microcephaly with that among normocephalic infants. STUDY DESIGN: Head measurements from >19,000 liveborn infants at 1 hospital during the years 1991 and 1992 were reviewed. Infants whose head circumference was in ...
Rittler M - - 2001
Parental consanguinity, as a recognized risk factor for congenital anomalies, has mainly been studied with a focus on the types of parental relationships and their effects on genetic syndromes or birth defects in general. The present work analyzed the association between parental consanguinity and congenital anomalies, split, when possible, into ...
- - 2001
In 1998, CDC initiated intensive efforts to eliminate syphilis from the United States. The following year, the National Syphilis Elimination Plan was launched with the goal of reducing primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis in adults to <0.4 cases per 100,000 population. A decrease in syphilis among women of reproductive age ...
Giele H - - 2001
An 11-year total population study of Western Australia examined the prevalence and epidemiology of congenital upper limb anomalies. All anomalies were classified according to the International Federation of Surgical Societies of the Hand classification. We found the prevalence of babies born with upper limb anomalies to be 1 in 506. ...
Utkus A - - 2001
A genetic theory of "multifactorial" malformations, i.e., anomalies of blastogenesis or organogenesis, involving polygenic predisposition with morphogenetic threshold effect, was developed by Sewall Wright in the 1920s and remains an essential basis of birth defects biology. Because of the phenomenon of universality, i.e., the deployment of identical inductive, or pattern-forming, ...
Beiler H A - - 2001
Incidence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) ranges from 1 in 2,400 to one in 5,000 live births. Associated anomalies in CDH are approximately 30% to 35%. The authors report on an infant with CDH and an accessory supradiaphragmatic liver with separate vascularization from the thoracic aorta. The pathogenesis of this ...
Källén K - - 2001
This study was undertaken to find a strict, unbiased epidemiological delineation of the VATER non-random association of congenital malformations and, based on registry information, to identify a group of probable VATER association infants suitable for etiological analyses. Information on 5,260 infants with multiple malformations was collected from four large registers ...
Cho S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: A long-term retrospective analysis of 103 infants with anorectal malformations (ARMs) was conducted to describe any associated congenital anomalies and surgical classifications. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: This case series was conducted on all infants with ARMs born at, or referred to, any of 3 major medical centers ...
Garne E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of induced abortions (IA) on the mortality of infants with congenital malformations in four European regions with different policies on IA and prenatal ultrasound screening for congenital malformations. METHODS: A registry-based collection of data on congenital malformations in four different countries: Ireland (Dublin), Denmark (Funen ...
Mazade M A - - 2001
We report an infant with congenital tuberculosis who presented with fulminant septic shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation and respiratory failure. Aggressive resuscitation and supportive care and prompt initiation of antituberculosis medications led to resolution of the shock state. We reviewed six other cases with a similar presentation. Congenital tuberculosis should be ...
Mandal A K - - 2001
This case documents unilateral congenital glaucoma associated with congenital lower lid entropion. A 2-year-old female infant was referred for evaluation and treatment of right-side buphthalmos caused by congenital glaucoma associated with bilateral congenital lower lid entropion that was prominent on the right side and present at birth. Examination disclosed a ...
Wang K S - - 2001
Omphalocele, colonic atresia (CA), and Hirschsprung's disease (HD) are individually rare congenital malformations. An association between CA and HD has been described, but the co-occurrence of all three malformations has not been previously reported. We present an infant born with all three malformations and review the management issues relevant to ...
Makhoul I R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Congenital subependymal pseudocysts are incidental findings that are found in 0.5-5.2% of neonates during postmortem examination or head ultrasonography. In our institution we detected 10 neonates with CSEPC. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associated etiological factors, morphologic characteristics and outcome of CSEPC. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of the literature on ...
Ericson A - - 2001
The presence of congenital malformations in infants born after IVF was studied from a register consisting of practically all infants born in Sweden after IVF, 1982--1997 (n = 9111). A further 64 infants were studied using only medical records. It is a nation-wide study and has a population-based control group ...
Strauss A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) is important for proper perinatal and neonatal management, as CHD occurs in approximately eight of 1000 live births. Antenatal detection of cardiac malformations is crucial as altered obstetric and neonatal management may be required and the neonate will benefit from delivery at ...
Martin D - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate congenital syphilis surveillance in Minnesota, to assess the evaluation and management of newborns at risk for congenital syphilis, and to assess prenatal syphilis screening. DESIGN: Case ascertainment and medical record review. SETTING: The 7-county Minneapolis-St Paul metropolitan area. PATIENTS: Newborns at risk for congenital syphilis during a ...
Virtanen H E - - 2001
Reports based on national registers of congenital malformations have suggested that the birth rate of hypospadias has increased during the last few decades. Register-based information may, however, have pitfalls because of changes in diagnostics, reporting accuracy and registration system. The aim of this study was to determine the current birth ...
Mesleh R A - - 2001
A total of 104522 babies were delivered at the Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital between 1979 and 1998, including 807 stillbirths and 658 neonatal deaths. The 20-year period was divided into four 5-yearly intervals for comparative purposes. The overall Perinatal Mortality Rate (PMR) for infants weighing 500 grams or more ranged ...
Amor D J - - 2001
Hypoglossia is a rare congenital malformation, occurring either as an isolated malformation or in association with other deformities, particularly limb defects. We describe a female infant with congenital hypoglossia, micrognathia and situs inversus. The main complications were airway compromise and feeding difficulties requiring tracheostomy and gastrostomy. Situs inversus and hypoglossia ...
Kos M - - 2001
The aim of this study was to determine the types and frequencies of congenital gastroinstestinal (G-I) tract malformations on post mortem in the period from 1996 to 2000. Autopsy protocols of aborted fetuses, stillborn infants and infants that died within 7 days after delivery were retrieved from the archive and ...
Southwick K L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out in seven maternity hospitals to determine the prevalence of maternal syphilis at the time of delivery and the associated risk factors, to conduct a pilot project of rapid syphilis testing in hospital laboratories, to assure the quality of syphilis testing, and to determine ...
Wang F L - - 2001
Vital statistics and other administrative data are becoming an increasingly important source for epidemiologic research and surveillance. This study, the first in Canada, evaluated the usefulness of birth registry data on congenital anomalies in Alberta. We compared the number of birth defects recorded in the birth registry with the number ...
Liascovich R - - 2001
A sample of 53,552 nonmalformed liveborn infants was ascertained by the Latin-American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations between 1967 and 1996. The mean consanguinity rate was 0.96%, with significantly higher values in Brazil and Venezuela, and lower in Argentina. Low paternal education and occupation levels were positively associated with consanguinity. ...
Zmora E - - 2001
Israel is a country of controversies: with high-quality medical care available to all and a high antenatal detection rate of congenital anomalies followed by abortion, the incidence of infants born with malformations has been reduced dramatically in the last decade. On the other hand, religious and strong traditional ethnic attitudes ...
Miura M - - 2000
Two temporal bone-eustachian tube (ET) specimens, one from a 34-gestational week-old male newborn and the other from a 3-month-old female infant, both with trisomy 22, were studied histopathologically. Both cases demonstrated severe inner-ear anomalies including hypoplastic cochlea, atrophy of the saccular macula, and dislocated endolymphatic sac and vestibular aqueduct. In ...
Puvabanditsin S - - 2000
Congenital lobar emphysema is a cause of respiratory distress during infancy that may present a diagnostic problem. Recognition of this entity is rewarding, because excisional therapy is fairly specific and the results are satisfactory. We present two infants aged 7 weeks and 2 days with congenital lobar emphysema who were ...
Abou-Jaoude E S - - 2000
Oval-shaped cornea associated with true lens duplication and separate capsules is a rare anomaly. It can occur as an isolated finding(1,2) or be associated with other ocular and facial maldevelopments.(3-5) We report a novel association of an hourglass cornea, lens duplication, and optic nerve hypoplasia with myelomeningocele in a male ...
Lahat E - - 2000
Congenital asymmetric crying facies, a minor congenital anomaly due to absence or hypoplasia of the depressor anguli oris muscle on one side of the mouth, is associated at times with major congenital anomalies, most commonly in the cardiovascular system. In a prospective study of 5532 infants born at the Assaf ...
Drinkard C R - - 2000
PURPOSE: This retrospective surveillance study used linked administrative claims data and medical records to determine the rate and types of birth malformations in infants born to women exposed to the antibiotic, clarithromycin (Biaxin), during the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: Pharmacy and hospital claims from eight geographically diverse health plans ...
Weintraub M - - 2000
Congenital leukaemia (CL) is a rare disorder that presents with extramedullary infiltrates and a myeloid phenotype. CL can progress rapidly without adequate treatment, but, paradoxically, may also remit spontaneously. Because of the significant toxicity involved in delivering chemotherapy to newborns, it is important to identify those newborns who may not ...
Melamed Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: (1) To compare the preterm delivery rates in the Bedouin versus the Jewish population. (2) To compare risk factors for preterm delivery in the two populations. (3) To compare outcomes of preterm delivery between the two groups. STUDY DESIGN: 41669 Jewish singletons births of whom 2816 delivered preterm (23-36 ...
Arpino C - - 2000
The study goal was to assess teratogenic effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) through the use of a surveillance system (MADRE) of infants with malformations. Information on all malformed infants (1990-1996) with maternal first-trimester drug exposure was collected by the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects and Monitoring Systems (ICBDMS). Cases were ...
Addor M C - - 2000
Since 1988 the epidemiological surveillance of congenital anomalies (malformations, chromosomal aberrations, metabolic diseases, hereditary diseases, neurosensorial defects, etc.) is carried out by the Swiss registry of EUROCAT (European Registry of Congenital Anomalies and Twins). Several Swiss cantons collaborate through their own local registry, transmitting data to the central registry in ...
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