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Tsuruhara Aki A Research and Development Initiative, Chuo University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine sensitivity to pictorial depth cues in young infants (4 and 5 months-of-age), we compared monocular and binocular preferential looking to a display on which two faces were equidistantly presented and one was larger than the other, depicting depth from the size of human faces. Because human faces vary ...
Kozuch Mary - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate the quality of infant teething information on selected popular parenting Web sites. Two checklists were used to evaluate the quality of the 16 parenting sites and infant teething-specific content included on each site. Three of the 16 parenting sites did ...
Tummeltshammer Kristen Swan KS Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London - - 2014
Across two eye-tracking experiments, we showed that infants are sensitive to the statistical reliability of informative cues and selective in their use of information generated by such cues. We familiarized 8-month-olds with faces (Experiment 1) or arrows (Experiment 2) that cued the locations of animated animals with different degrees of ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie K CK Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; - - 2014
Sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUID) accounted for 1 in 3 postneonatal deaths in 2010. Sudden infant death syndrome and accidental sleep-related suffocation are among the most frequently reported types of SUID. The causes of these SUID usually are not obvious before a medico-legal investigation and may remain unexplained even after ...
DeJoy Susan - - 2014
Certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) and certified midwives (CMs) attend 11% of US vaginal births, and CNM/CM databases include a rich source of information on the birth outcomes of women not generally available through obstetric electronic health records (oEHRs). Although CNM databases are in wide use, studies on their validity are sparse. ...
Keates Jeany J Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, - - 2014
The current research examined infants' ability to generalize information about the nonobvious properties of objects depicted in picture books to their real-world referents. Infants aged 13, 15, and 18months (N=135) were shown a series of pictures depicting an adult acting on a novel object to elicit a nonobvious property of ...
Träuble Birgit B Department of Psychology, University of Cologne, D-50923 Cologne, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Humans are specifically adapted to knowledge acquisition and transfer by social communication. According to natural pedagogy theory, infants are highly sensitive to signals that indicate a teacher's communicative intention and are biased to interpret communicative contexts as conveying relevant and generalizable knowledge that is also shared by other conspecifics. We ...
Melberg Dawn M DM Library Services-Kaiser Permanente, North Bay, San Francisco and San Jose, - - 2014
Premature birth has many implications for the newborn, parents, other family members, and the healthcare system. Ten years ago, a literature search was executed through US newspapers, magazines, and news wires over a 6-month period to determine the scope of lay media coverage concerning premature birth outcomes. The results indicated ...
Rigourd Virginie V *Human Milk Bank Ile de France, Paris; †Medic-Al Network, Necker Hospital, AP-HP, Paris; ‡Pharmacokinetic and Clinical Toxicology Purpan Hospital, Toulouse; and §Cochin Necker Hospital Clinical Research Unit, AP-HP, Paris, - - 2014
Analgesics are one of the most prescribed drugs during the postpartum period to prevent and treat pain and inflammatory disease. The focus on analgesics during breastfeeding has increased because of lack of information and fatal codeine intoxication in a breastfed neonate. Ibuprofen has an advantageous benefit-risk ratio profile compared with ...
Biro Szilvia S Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University and Leiden Institute for Brain and - - 2014
Relying on information about the emotional state of others is vital for a proper monitoring and representation of social interactions. We tested the impact of vocal emotional cues on 12-month-old infants' monitoring of animated movies that involved the separation of a smaller and a larger oval shape. The separation was ...
Giglia Roslyn R 1School of Public Health, WA Centre for Health Promotion Research, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA, - - 2014
Breastfeeding is the normal and safest way to nurture an infant, and prolonged exclusive breastfeeding duration to 6 months will yield the greatest gains in optimum infant development. Despite this knowledge fewer than 35% of infants worldwide are exclusively breastfed during the first 4 months of life. With the advent ...
Bhandari Vineet V Division of Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Exposure to hyperoxia, invasive mechanical ventilation, and systemic/local sepsis are important antecedents of postnatal inflammation in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). This review will summarize information obtained from animal (baboon, lamb/sheep, rat and mouse) models that pertain to the specific inflammatory agents and signaling molecules that predispose a premature ...
Andersson Sofia - - 2014
We examined the quality of the information on the use of surfactant and the use of and duration of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP), oxygen supplementation, and mechanical ventilation in the Danish Neonatal Clinical Database (NeoBase). We included all neonates born with a gestational age < 32 weeks admitted ...
Song Hyun-Joo HJ Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
How sophisticated are infants at using novel verbal information when reasoning about which of two objects an agent is likely to select? The present research examined the development of infants' ability to interpret a change from one novel word to another as signaling a possible change in which object the ...
Krogh-Jespersen Sheila S Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of - - 2014
Previous research has shown that young infants perceive others' actions as structured by goals. One open question is whether the recruitment of this understanding when predicting others' actions imposes a cognitive challenge for young infants. The current study explored infants' ability to utilize their knowledge of others' goals to rapidly ...
Casazza Krista K Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham, AL, - - 2014
Human breast milk (HBM) contains numerous bioactive components, recently shown to be associated with growth and body composition in breastfed offspring. Reciprocity in adipogenic and osteogenic pathways suggests bone mass may also be influenced by these components. The association between bioactive components found in HBM and bone mineral content (BMC), ...
Kastler Adrian A Neuroradiology Unit, CLUNI, Grenoble University Hospital, Grenoble, France; I4S Laboratory - EA 4268_IFR133, Franche Comté University, Besançon, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Transfontanellar contrast enhanced ultrasound (TCEUS) in infants with neurological diseases has not been previously reported. Thus, the objective of our study was to describe the imaging findings of transfontanellar contrast enhanced ultrasound (TCEUS) performed in various neurological conditions in infants and to compare the findings with non-enhanced transfontanellar ultrasound (TFUS) ...
Lagan Briege M - - 2013
to explore the expectations and experiences of postnatal mothers in relation to infant feeding, and to identify how care could be improved. this study used a qualitative, exploratory, descriptive design. Data were collected through one to one in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Tayside area of Eastern Scotland. seven focus ...
Martins Haimée Emerich Lentz HE Caring and comforting Research Group, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, - - 2013
Hemorrhage represents a set of causes that focuses on women during the pregnancy and puerperal period, and that, with improper attention, results in death. The authors aimed to analyze maternal deaths related to hemorrhage that occurred in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The data were obtained from the Mortality ...
Kwon Mee-Kyoung - - 2013
Infants' visual short-term memory (VSTM) for simple objects undergoes dramatic development: Six-month-old infants can store in VSTM information about only a simple object presented in isolation, whereas 8-month-old infants can store information about simple objects presented in multiple-item arrays. This study extended this work to examine the development of infants' ...
Delmelle Eric M - - 2013
Children with birth defects may face significant geographic barriers accessing medical care and specialized services. Using a Geographic Information Systems-based approach, one-way travel time and distance to access medical care for children born with spina bifida was estimated. Using 2007 road information from the Florida Department of Transportation, we built ...
Wrobel Gretchen Miller GM Bethel - - 2013
The Adoption Communication Pathway(ACP) model was used to test the potential mediating effect of curiosity on adoption information seeking in a sample of 143 emerging adult adoptees (mean age = 25.0 years) who were adopted as infants within the United States by parents of the same race. Adoptees were interviewed ...
Tsai Shao-Yu - - 2013
to describe the aspects of infant sleep perceived as problematic by first-time Taiwanese mothers and to discover how mothers cope in response to infant sleep concerns. a qualitative approach was used for data collection. in-depth interviews were conducted and audio-taped at mothers' homes. 12 first-time mothers within three months post ...
Kampis Dora - - 2013
Recent findings suggest that infants understand others' preferential choice and can use the perspectives and beliefs of others to interpret their actions. The standard interpretation in the field is that infants understand preferential choice as a dispositional state of the agent. It is possible, however, that these social situations trigger ...
Gabbert Tatjana I TI Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medical Center, Berlin, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to study the experiences of parents of preterm infants who use social networking sites and the potential of such sites for gathering information and facilitating personal exchange. An anonymous self-reporting questionnaire was administered to parents of infants below 1,500 g birth weight born between ...
Swain James E - - 2013
In accord with social neuroscience's progression to include interactive experimental paradigms, parents' brains have been activated by emotionally charged infant stimuli - especially of their own infant - including baby cry and picture. More recent research includes the use of brief video clips and opportunities for maternal response. Among brain systems important to parenting ...
Meristo Marek - - 2013
In social interactions involving indirect reciprocity, agent A acts prosocially towards B and this prompts C to act prosocially towards A. This happens because A's actions enhanced its reputation in the eyes of third parties. Indirect reciprocity may have been of central importance in the evolution of morality as one ...
Pacifici Gian Maria - - 2013
Carbapenems are an effective tool to treat complicated bacterial infections. This review aims to summarize the available information on carbapenems in neonates to guide clinicians on drug choice and indications in neonates. Moreover, identification of knowledge gaps may stimulate researchers to design studies to further improve pharmacotherapy in neonates. To ...
Gazmararian Julie A - - 2013
Identifying the educational and resource needs of new mothers is of paramount importance in developing programs to improve maternal and child health outcomes. The primary purpose of this study was to explore the educational needs of new mothers and identify opportunities to enhance healthcare providers' current educational efforts. A two-part ...
de Vries Linda S - - 2013
Neuroimaging of preterm infants has become part of routine clinical care, but the question is often raised on how often cranial ultrasound should be done and whether every high risk preterm infant should at least have one MRI during the neonatal period. An increasing number of centres perform an MRI ...
Handl A - - 2013
We used eye-tracking technique to examine gaze shifts of 9-, 16-, and 24-month-old infants who were presented with still images of a conversation between two individuals facing each other or turning away from each other. The results showed that body orientation, as measured by the face-to-face effect, is sufficient to ...
Leventon Jacqueline S - - 2013
Around the end of the first year of life, infants develop a social referencing ability - using emotional information from others to guide their own behavior. Much research on social referencing has focused on changes in behavior in response to emotional information. The present study was an investigation of the ...
Maldonado Ramiro S RS Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2013
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of childhood blindness in the United States. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a relatively new imaging technology capable of imaging ocular structures in cross section at high resolution. We present an age-customized approach to perform Spectral Domain OCT in neonates and infants, ...
Wilcox Teresa - - 2013
This research investigated infants' scanning of a talking, socially engaging face. Three- to four-month-olds looked equally at the mouth and eyes whereas 9-month-olds attended more to the eyes than mouth. These findings shed light on information infants' seek from dynamic face stimuli.
Cuevas Kimberly - - 2013
Individual differences in infant attention are theorized to reflect the speed of information processing and are related to later cognitive abilities (i.e., memory, language, and intelligence). This study provides the first systematic longitudinal analysis of infant attention and early childhood executive function (EF; e.g., working memory, inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility). ...
Zhang Yuanting - - 2013
Background:Infant formula marketing, either directly to consumers or through health care providers, may influence women's breastfeeding intentions, initiation, and duration. However, little is known about the impact of different types of media marketing on infant feeding intentions and behavior.Objective:This study investigated whether different types of recalled prenatal media marketing exposure ...
Hellström-Westas Lena - - 2013
The amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) is a time-compressed EEG trend, created with the aim of providing continuous and easily assessable information on brain activity in intensive-care treated patients (1). The method is increasingly used in neonatal units around the world, since several studies have shown the method's utility in infants ...
Beard Matthew - - 2013
In the article 'After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?' arguments are made in favour of the moral permissibility of intentionally killing newborn infants, under particular conditions. Here we argue that their arguments are based on an indefensible view of personhood, and we question the logic of harm and interest ...
de Souza Maria de Lourdes Mde L Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. - - 2013
to analyze the rates of maternal mortality due to hemorrhage identified in Brazil from 1997 to 2009. the time series and population data from the Brazilian Health Ministry, Mortality Information System and Live Birth Information System were examined. From the Mortality Information System, we initially selected all reported deaths of ...
Patel Chetan K - - 2013
When fluorescein angioscopy or angiography is required in an infant, it is usually performed in the operating theater or neonatal unit. We report a case of an infant with incontinentia pigmenti in whom we were able to acquire angiographic information in an office setting by using an ultra-widefield noncontact system ...
Rosenberg Rebecca D - - 2013
Throughout development, working memory is subject to capacity limits that severely constrain short-term storage. However, adults can massively expand the total amount of remembered information by grouping items into chunks. Although infants also have been shown to chunk objects in memory, little is known regarding the limits of this ability. ...
Mancini Giada - - 2013
Rapid facial mimicry (RFM) is an automatic response, in which individuals mimic others' expressions. RFM, only demonstrated in humans and apes, is grounded in the automatic perception-action coupling of sensorimotor information occurring in the mirror neuron system. In humans, RFM seems to reflect the capacity of individuals to empathize with ...
Morgan Gin - - 2013
Humans are often exposed to music beginning at birth (or even before birth), yet the study of the development of musical abilities during infancy has only recently gained momentum. The goals of the present study were to determine whether young infants (ages four to seven months) spontaneously moved rhythmically in ...
Lewkowicz David J DJ Department of Psychology, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA. - - 2013
Perception of the ordinal position of a sequence element is critical to many cognitive and motor functions. Here, the prediction that this ability is based on a domain-general perceptual mechanism and, thus, that it emerges prior to the emergence of language was tested. Infants were habituated with sequences of moving/sounding ...
Marshall Joyce - - 2013
'Infant feeding' is the 12th series of 'Midwifery basics' targeted at practising midwives. The aim of these articles is to inform and encourage readers to seek further information through a series of activities relating to the topic. In this fifth article Joyce Marshall considers a range of baby related issues ...
De Cock Roosmarijn F W RF Division of Pharmacology, LACDR, Leiden University, Leiden, The - - 2013
Propylene glycol (PG) is often applied as an excipient in drug formulations. As these formulations may also be used in neonates, the aim of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of propylene glycol, co-administered intravenously with paracetamol (800 mg PG/1000 mg paracetamol) or phenobarbital (700 mg PG/200 mg phenobarbital) ...
Bezold Katherine Y KY Center for Prevention of Preterm Birth and Molecular and Developmental Biology Program, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2013
Preterm birth (delivery at less than 37 weeks of gestation) is the leading cause of infant mortality worldwide. So far, the application of animal models to understand human birth timing has not substantially revealed mechanisms that could be used to prevent prematurity. However, with amassing data implicating an important role ...
Bourdais Cécile - - 2012
Infants' abilities to request and to inform by gazing and pointing at 10 months and 13 months of age are studied. We expect that 10-month-old children may use more gazing than pointing and that 13-month-old children perform more pointing than gazing. We hypothesize further that10-month-olds and 13-month-olds perform imperative pointing ...
Kato Masaharu - - 2012
It is well known that infants prefer faces but relatively little is known about how infants look at face. The present work examined the development of face perception by using the scan paths. Infants (aged 6-13.5 months) and adults were presented with images of upright and inverted faces, and looking ...
Levréro Florence - - 2012
A large array of communication signals supports the fission/fusion social organization in chimpanzees, and among them the acoustic channel plays a large part because of their forest habitat. Adult vocalizations convey social and ecological information to their recipients allowing them to obtain cues about an ongoing event from calls only. ...
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