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Results 401 - 450 of 706
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Dayton Paul - - 2002
A radiographic review of first metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ) arthrodesis in patients who had preoperative intermetatarsal angles greater than 15 degrees is presented. The average reduction of the intermetatarsal angle was measured. Twenty-one patients with 22 fusions, with ages ranging from 43 to 79 years old, underwent first MPJ arthrodesis with ...
Koempel Jeffrey A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To identify the person or persons responsible for the conception and description of the operation that we know of today as tonsillectomy and to determine whether this was accomplished by an American otolaryngologist(s) before the description by George Waugh of London in 1909. STUDY DESIGN: A review of the ...
Ware A S - - 2002
Compact stellarator configurations have been obtained with good neoclassical confinement that are stable to both pressure- and current-driven modes for high values of beta. These configurations are drift-optimized tokamak-stellarator hybrids with a high-shear tokamak-like rotational transform profile and /B/ that is approximately poloidally symmetric. The bootstrap current is consistent with ...
Feduccia Alan - - 2002
The problem of resolving the homology of the digits of the avian hand has been framed as a conflict between paleontological and embryological evidence, the former thought to support a hand composed of digits I, II, III, because of similarity of the phalangeal formulae of the earliest known bird Archaeopteryx ...
Kowalski Kurtis L - - 2002
We conducted a prospective randomized study comparing the costs, comfort, and effects on activities of daily living of fractures managed in plaster of Paris (POP) vs. fiberglass (FG) for at least 4 weeks. A total of 183 patients with short arm and short leg casts were evaluated. Twenty-seven patients were ...
Taves Donald - - 2002
Masters and Johnson observed that the foreskin unrolled with intercourse. However, they overlooked a prior observation that intromission was thereby made easier. To evaluate this observation an artificial introitus was mounted on a scales. Repeated measurements showed a 10-fold reduction of force on entry with an initially unretracted foreskin as ...
Bar-Joseph Gad - - 2002
This study retrospectively analyzed the pattern of sodium bicarbonate (SB) use during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the Brain Resuscitation Clinical Trial III (BRCT III). BRCT III was a prospective clinical trial, which compared high-dose to standard-dose epinephrine during CPR. SB use was left optional in the study protocol. Records of ...
Luna Fabienne - - 2002
The contribution of the chemical composition to the flavor of cocoa liquor from an Ecuadorian selfed population of clone EET 95 was investigated. Polyphenols, purine alkaloids, organic acids, and sugars were quantified, and the key sensory characteristics of cocoa were scored by a trained panel. Despite the short bean fermentation ...
Thigpen Janet - - 2002
The survival rates for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants continue to increase while the morbidity rates show little improvement. Negative outcomes have been associated with hypoxia, hyperoxia, hypocarbia, barotrauma, intraventricular hemoRrhages, metabolic acidosis, cold stress, and overwhelming stimuli. Protection from iatrogenic harm must always be provided for the extremely ...
Lam Andrew K C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that crossed disparities give better stereoacuity than uncrossed. When near phoria is considered, exophores had a better crossed stereoacuity and esophores had a better uncrossed stereoacuity. The current study investigated the effect of heterophoria on distant crossed and uncrossed stereoacuity. METHODS: Seventy-two subjects were recruited ...
Vidal G - - 2002
We show how entanglement can be used, without being consumed, to accomplish unitary operations that could not be performed without it. When applied to infinitesimal transformations, our method makes equivalent, in the sense of Hamiltonian simulation, a whole class of otherwise inequivalent two-qubit interactions. The new catalysis effect also implies ...
Frye Melinda A - - 2002
Rectilinear biphasic cardioversion was used in 2 horses with idiopathic sustained atrial fibrillation; 1 horse converted to sustained sinus rhythm. Variables that potentially affected outcome of the electrical cardioversion procedures in these horses included duration of arrhythmia, placement of cardioverter pads and paddles, serum electrolyte concentrations, and treatment with quinidine. ...
Kanungo Rituparna - - 2002
The longitudinal momentum (P(axially)) distributions of one- and two-neutron removal fragments ((21,22)O) of 23O from the reaction with a C target at 72 A MeV have been measured for the first time using a new direct time-of-flight method with nearly full acceptance for the breakup fragments. The unexpectedly narrow width ...
Moro Naohiro - - 2002
As the orthodontic stage at the time of the eruption of the third molar is usually the retention period, it is desirable for both the patient and the clinician that impacted or inclined third molars be uprighted without an appliance. Impacted lower third molars can be successfully uprighted using only ...
Abe K - - 2002
The production of prompt J/psi, psi(2S), chi(c1), and chi(c2) is studied using a 32.4 fb(-1) data sample collected with the Belle detector at Upsilon(4S) and at 60 MeV below the resonance. The yield of prompt J/psi mesons in the Upsilon(4S) sample is compatible with that of continuum production; we set ...
Reid Machar - - 2002
The study investigated differences in the one- (SH) and two-handed (DH) backhands when hit flat, across-court (AC) and down-the-line (DL), and with heavy topspin DL (TDL). The ability to disguise each of these backhands when hitting the above strokes was also assessed. Eighteen college-level male tennis players, identified as having ...
Woodrum David E - - 2002
A 3-day-old infant unexpectedly developed cardiopulmonary arrest at home. A resuscitation process was initiated and the infant was transported to a nearby community hospital where a highly respected senior pediatrician assumed responsibility for the prolonged resuscitation. Following cessation of aggressive support measures, the infant resumed gasping/respiratory efforts. The pediatrician admitted ...
Park M J - - 2002
The patterns of laxity of normal wrists subjected to dorsal and volar stresses were analysed. Dorsal and volar displacement tests were carried out on both wrists of 50 subjects under image-intensifier control. Lateral projections in neutral, and dorsal and volar stress positions were taken to analyse the behaviour of the ...
Wennemann Ludger - - 2002
High wheel tractor applications of 4-methoxycinnamaldehyde (MCA)-coated corn granules ('grits') were conducted in Ruski Krstur (Serbia) in summer 2001 in a 5 ha corn field. Grits are a by-product after corn is harvested and separated from the cob and used as a carrier medium to disseminate MCA into the corn ...
Wataha John C - - 2002
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The biological properties of casting alloys have been assessed largely under passive conditions. The effect of common intraoral stresses such as brushing, toothpastes, and low pH on alloy toxicity are not known. PURPOSE: This study assessed the toxicity of 5 types of casting alloys commonly used in ...
Johannson A B - - 2002
International guidelines developed recommendations in the resuscitation of the new-born: at least one person trained in resuscitation of the newly born should attend every delivery. A minority of the new-borns require active resuscitation to achieve regular respiration, heart rhythm above 100/min, pink colour and adequate tone. Establishment of adequate ventilation ...
O'Brien Dan - - 2002
Decisions on whether to resuscitate severely premature infants are especially difficult in "borderline viability" cases--those where the probability of survival is slim, and where, if survival is possible, multiple co-morbidities and severe disabilities are likely. The 2000 International Guidelines on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation are comprehensive, yet leave open some of the ...
Drayton Danielle L - - 2002
In these studies the differential roles of LTalpha and LTalphabeta complex have been discussed with regard to development of lymphoid organs in ontogeny and in inflammation, LTalpha is necessary for PLNand MLN, most likely as both LTalpha and LTalphabeta complex, whereas only LTalphabeta is required for MLN. Both are involved ...
van der Werf M J - - 2001
Xanthobacter sp. C20 was isolated from sediment of the river Rhine using cyclohexane as sole source of carbon and energy. Xanthobacter sp. C20 converted both enantiomers of limonene quantitatively into limonene-8,9-epoxide, a not previously described bioconversion product of limonene. With (4R)-limonene, (4R,8R)-limonene-8, 9-epoxide was formed as the only reaction product, ...
Fujita T - - 2001
A high confinement equilibrium with nearly zero toroidal current in the central region (a "current hole") has been observed for the first time to persist stably for several seconds in the JT-60U tokamak. This observation indicates the possibility of stable tokamak operation without central toroidal current; the central current has ...
Bailey Shaun - - 2002
Using a var2-2 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, which lacks a homologue of the zinc-metalloprotease, FtsH, we demonstrate that this protease is required for the efficient turnover of the D1 polypeptide of photosystem II and protection against photoinhibition in vivo. We show that var2-2 leaves are much more susceptible to light-induced ...
Scheffer C J - - 2001
Orthopaedic shoeing applied for disorders such as navicular disease is mostly evaluated on hard track surfaces, but very often horses are ridden only on soft tracks. To compare the effects of normal shoes, eggbar shoes, and shoes with heel wedges (5 degrees) on the kinematics of the distal forelimb on ...
Thøgersen A M - - 2001
A previously healthy male infant was resuscitated after spontaneous ventricular fibrillation at 9 weeks of age. Echocardiography revealed three tumors in the left ventricle not amenable to complete resection. Despite treatment with antiarrhythmic agents the ventricular arrhythmias continued. When the child was 4 months old and weighed 7 kg an ...
Burton T L - - 2001
Models of polyploid evolution indicate that tetraploids are more likely to establish within diploid populations when they are formed recurrently through the union of unreduced (n=2n) gametes. To account for the coexistence of diploids and tetraploids in populations of Chamerion angustifolium, diploid, triploid and tetraploid plants were crossed in all ...
Kattwinkel J - - 2001
The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), with representation from North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Africa, and South America, was formed in 1992 to provide a forum for liaison between resuscitation organizations in the developed world. This consensus document on resuscitation extends previously published ILCOR advisory statements on resuscitation ...
Zwaan M A - - 2001
We have detected the neutral atomic hydrogen (HI) emission line at a cosmologically significant distance [redshift (z) = 0.18] in the rich galaxy cluster Abell 2218 with the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope. The HI emission originates in a spiral galaxy 2.0 h65(-1) megaparsecs from the cluster core. No other significant ...
Ho N K - - 2001
The issues of life support in the asphyxiated infant are not only whether cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR will be successful, but also whether if successful, the infant will be severely damaged. This is particularly important in the developing countries because the damaged infants may burden the society. The country has ...
Dai J - - 2001
This study verifies the concept of the super-omni wedge by validating its equations for effective wedge orientation and wedge angle and by comparing the dose distributions it produces with those produced by other wedge techniques. To validate the equations, we calculated dose distributions for 20 combinations of wedge orientations and ...
Aubrey W R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Changes in the work patterns and numbers of medical staff in training grades pose a significant challenge to those responsible for the provision of an effective clinical neonatal service. Advanced neonatal nurse practitioners (ANNPs) may have a role in this changing neonatal service. The effectiveness of the ANNP has ...
Isakov E E Orthopedic Rehabilitation Department, Loewenstein Hospital, Ra'anana, Israel. - - 2001
Gait analysis of trans-tibial amputees brings to light asymmetries of different gait parameters between the amputated and sound legs. The present study investigated the activity of the vastus medialis and biceps femoris muscles during ambulation of trans-tibial amputees. Peak activities of the vastus medialis were reached similarly in both legs ...
O'Connell P J - - 2001
A novel technique for immobilization of Candida rugosa lipase onto anionic colloidal gas aphrons (CGAs) is described. CGAs are spherical microbubbles (10-100 microm) composed of an inner gas core surrounded by a surfactant shell. In this initial study, greater than 80% lipase (w/w) was effectively retained on the CGAs. Leakage ...
Mulvey S - - 2001
The attitudes of Australian obstetricians to the resuscitation of extremely premature infants are reported. A structured questionnaire including questions regarding antenatal parent counselling, resuscitation practices, survival rates and personal attitudes about life support was distributed to obstetricians working in Australian hospitals with a Level 3 nursery Eighty-nine (48% response rate) ...
Masci B - - 2001
Three methoxy-ether and one methoxy-ether/crown-ether derivatives of p-tert-butyltetrahomodioxa- and p-R-octahomotetraoxacalix[4]arenes (R = methyl, tert-butyl, H) have been investigated. The first three compounds, 7,15,21,27-tetra-tert-butyl-29,30,31,32-tetramethoxy-3,11-dioxapentacyclo[23.3.1.1(5,9).1(13,17).1(19,23)]ditriaconta-1(29),5,7,9(30),13,15,-17(31),19,21,23(32),25,27-dodecaene, C(50)H(68)O(6), 33,34,35,36-tetramethoxy-7,15,23,31-tetramethyl-3,11,19,27-tetraoxapentacyclo[27.3.1.1(5,9).1(13,17).1(21,25)]hexatriaconta-1(33),5,7,9(34),13,15,17(35),21,23,25(36),29,31-dodecaene, C(40)H(48)O(8), and 7,23-di-tert-butyl-33,34,35,36-tetramethoxy-3,11,19,27-tetraoxapentacyclo[27.3.1.1(5,9).1(13,17).1(21,25)]hexatriaconta-1(33),5,7,9(34),13,15,17(35),- 21,23,25(36),29,31-dodecaene, C(44)H(56)O(8), in the partial-cone or 1,2-alternate conformations, present the common feature of methoxy-ether self-inclusion, while the fourth, 42,43-dimethoxy-7,15,23,31-tetramethyl-3,11,19,27,34,37,40-heptaoxahexacyclo[15.15.9.1(5,9).1(21,25).0(13,41).0(29,33)]tritetraconta-5(42),6,8,13(41),14,16,21(43),22,24,29(33),30,32-dodecaene, C(42)H(50)O(9), adopts the ...
Munro M - - 2001
A questionnaire survey of Australian neonatologists was conducted to ascertain their antenatal counselling and resuscitation practices, and attitudes towards life support in the extremely preterm infant. This study showed that in antenatal parental counselling, whether a paediatrician was given the opportunity to participate depends on the gestation at the time ...
Wahlen C H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The authors have been using the new saline-filled BioEnterics intragastric balloon (BIB) since 1995. METHODS: By now, more than 650 BIBs have been implanted on our Unit. RESULTS: Because of close collaboration between the engineers and the users, and after several modifications, an easy-to-use balloon is available. In addition, ...
Dubus J C - - 2001
The aim of the study was to compare the in vitro delivery of four salbutamol pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) via the three spacer devices commonly used in European infants: Aerochamber-Infant, Babyhaler, and metallic NES-spacer. Emitted dose (ED) and fine particle dose (FPD, particles<5.8 microm) of each combination of spacer device ...
Repetto J E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether end-tidal CO(2) (ETCO(2)) monitoring allows for more rapid discrimination of tracheal versus esophageal intubation than standard clinical assessment during neonatal resuscitation in the delivery room. STUDY DESIGN: Endotracheal tube (ETT) placement was assessed using either a hand-held monitor that displayed graphic and quantitative ETCO(2) by an investigator ...
Milner A - - 2001
Although resuscitation at birth often has a successful outcome, there is very little data available on the optimal method. Face mask/bag resuscitation is relatively ineffective, rarely producing adequate alveolar ventilation before lung expansion has occurred, probably depending on the Head's Paradoxical Reflex to stimulate inspiratory efforts The T-piece/face mask technique ...
Gunn A J - - 2001
The possibility that temperature may affect the outcome of resuscitation from severe perinatal asphyxia has been a long-standing focus of research. Experimentally it is now well established that even small changes in temperature during severe hypoxia-ischemia critically modulate outcome. Clinical and experimental studies have now shown that hypoxic-ischemic injury continues ...
Cornette L - - 2001
Up until the recent past, the treatment for perinatal asphyxia included only supportive measures. Babies were resuscitated and then observed for signs of multi-organ system dysfunction. Apart from standard supportive management, a new arsenal of potential neuroprotective strategies have emerged over the past years, in order to decrease the severity ...
Niermeyer S - - 2001
Despite the adoption of evidence-based guidelines for neonatal resuscitation, formulated with international consensus, the process of resuscitating a newly born infant remains a uniquely local activity. Variations in the physical environment, cultural and medical beliefs, and available resources mediate significant difference in practices worldwide. Yet, the universal nature of the ...
McGreevy P D - - 2001
The spontaneous behaviour and the apparent digestibility of dry matter and fibre and transit times of digesta were compared in four normal horses and four crib-biters. A technique was developed for measuring total gut transit times (TGTT) by using single-stool analysis of the passage of radio-opaque polyethylene markers. Longer TGTT ...
Damgaard L R - - 2001
Microprofiles of the methane concentration in a 3.5-mm-thick sewage outlet biofilm were measured at high spatial and temporal resolution using a microscale biosensor for methane. In the freshly collected biofilm, methane was building up to a concentration of 175 mumol l-1 at 3 mm depth with a total methanogenesis of ...
Vento M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, asphyxiated newborn infants have been ventilated using 100% oxygen. However, a recent multinational trial has shown that the use of room air was just as efficient as pure oxygen in securing the survival of severely asphyxiated newborn infants. Oxidative stress markers in moderately asphyxiated term newborn infants resuscitated ...
Jedrzejowska Z K - - 2001
The aim of this work is to prove the application of craniometry in determining the identity of unknown bodies. There is a great correlation between the viscero-cranium appearance and the osseous structure, the said correlation following mathematical rules and thus being possible to be calculated. Various segments of the skull ...
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