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O'Donnell C P F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The equipment used to provide positive pressure ventilation to newborns needing resuscitation at delivery varies between institutions. Devices were reviewed and their use surveyed in a sample of neonatal centres worldwide. AIM: To determine which equipment is used to resuscitate newborns at delivery in a sample of teaching hospitals ...
O'Donnell C P F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The equipment used to provide positive pressure ventilation at neonatal resuscitation varies between institutions. Available devices were reviewed and their use surveyed in a geographically defined region. The aim of this study was to establish which resuscitation equipment is used at neonatal intensive care units in Australia and New ...
Wyckoff Myra H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine perinatal clinical characteristics of outborn infants and to examine the early postdelivery management and subsequent clinical outcome of outborns compared with inborns. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of outborns admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from January 1994 to December 2000. Inborns were ...
Finer Neil N - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of neonatal resuscitation practices with an emphasis on interventions that are not currently accepted or adapted into existing resuscitation guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: Current resuscitation guidelines do not contain specific guidelines for the approach to the extremely low birth weight infant. The differences in ...
Stephanova D I - - 2004
The strength-duration time constants and rheobase currents, which provide an indirect indication of the axonal properties are calculated in two cases of stimulation, using our previous double cable models of normal and demyelinated human motor fibres. The time constants and rheobases are defined as nodal when the case of point ...
Johnson Eric - - 2004
Carbon trading is no longer just theory. Infant markets already exist and, in 2002, they traded perhaps $10 million worth of emissions allowances. We estimate conservatively that, by 2010, the EU scheme will trade as much as $1 billion in allowances each year. The motor of the carbon markets is ...
Jain Alok - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare suprasternal palpation, a previously described bedside technique, with standard chest radiography for correct positioning of the endotracheal tube (ETT) in newborn infants. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized single-blinded study in an academic medical center. Preterm and term newborn infants requiring intubation were eligible, provided that they had not ...
Sullivan Maria A - - 2004
Forty-eight oncology inpatients participated in a survey designed to characterize their understanding of and beliefs about do-not-resuscitate (DNR) decisions and to identify dimensions of religiosity associated with moral beliefs about DNR decisions. Seventy-five percent of the patients believed they understood the meaning of "DNR," but only 32% were able to ...
Aigner F - - 2004
The "bare spot" of the glenoid cavity has recently been described as a constant reference point to quantify the amount of bone loss from the inferior portion of the glenoid cavity. In shoulder surgery this spot should help the surgeon to determine the width of the inferior portion of the ...
Masuda Tomoyuki - - 2004
During the initial stages of development, the notochord provides repulsive signals for dorsal root ganglion (DRG) axons via semaphorin 3A/neuropilin-1, axonin-1/SC2, and other unknown repulsive molecules. The notochord is known to produce aggrecan, one of the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs). We report here that adding aggrecan to the culture medium ...
Niermeyer S - - 2004
This paper reproduces in detail the debate 'pro-and-con' regarding the use of 100% oxygen or room air in the resuscitation of the asphyxiated newly born infants, celebrated in Oslo at the 2002 European Association of Perinatal Medicine (EAPM) meeting, in which both co-authors participated as featured speakers. The authors describe ...
Schneider Patrick L - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the step values of multiple brands of pedometers over a 24-h period. The following 13 electronic pedometers were assessed in the study: Accusplit Alliance 1510 (AC), Freestyle Pacer Pro (FR), Colorado on the Move (CO), Kenz Lifecorder (KZ), New-Lifestyles NL-2000 (NL), ...
Fu Kefu - - 2004
Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) behavior of fullerene-centered macromolecules is investigated. Because of the globular shape of the macromolecules, their GPC results are different from those of linear polystyrene standards. These macromolecules may serve as alternative molecular weight standards for polymers or dendrimers of similar globular structures. The results also show ...
Frantsevich Leonid - - 2004
Two combined mechanisms on the hornet tarsus are adapted to attachment to the substrate: a friction-based (claws and spines) and an adhesion-based one (arolium). There are two ranges of substrate roughness optimal for attachment, either very smooth or very rough. There is an intermediate range of substrate grains of small ...
Coffey P S - - 2004
Alcoa World Alumina Australia has undertaken comprehensive air emissions monitoring aimed at characterising and quantifying the complete range of emissions to the atmosphere from Bayer refining of alumina at its Western Australian refineries. To the best of our knowledge, this project represents the most complete air emissions inventory of a ...
Bragulla Hermann - - 2003
Fetal development of the unique papillary body and its localized peculiarities in the equine hoof are described based on the study of 51 fetuses, nine newborn foals, and five adult horses. The shape and dimensions of the dermal papillae and lamellae have a formative influence on the structure and physical ...
Williams David - - 2003
My main conclusion is that the original Williams' definition of biocompatibility still stands with respect to individual materials, but we have to move to more specific definitions within each of the varied applications of biomaterials such as those described above, and more will follow. It is time for the discussion ...
Crowe S - - 2003
The decision whether to continue to resuscitate the paediatric victim of near-drowning is influenced by potential poor neurological outcome. A low core body temperature at presentation is frequently cited as a reason to continue resuscitation. We report the case of an 11 month old infant admitted to the intensive care ...
Scholze Frank - - 2003
Photodiodes are used as easy-to-operate detectors in the extreme-ultraviolet spectral range. At the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt photodiodes are calibrated with an uncertainty of spectral responsivity of 0.3% or less. Stable photodiodes are a prerequisite for the dissemination of these high-accuracy calibrations to customers. Silicon photodiodes with different top layers were exposed ...
Kambarami R - - 2003
To determine the prevalence of hypothermia, factors associated with hypothermia and risk factors for mortality in hypothermic newborn infants. Cross sectional descriptive study. Harare Central Hospital Neonatal Unit (NNU). Three hundred and thirteen consecutive newborn infants admitted to the NNU for care. Temperature on admission to the NNU, mode of ...
Allwood A C L - - 2003
AIM: To investigate secular changes in neonatal resuscitation at birth. METHODS: Single centre observational study of 17 890 infants born between May 1993 and April 1997. T-piece ventilation was introduced in April 1995. OBSERVATIONS: Rates and modes of ventilatory resuscitation, early neonatal encephalopathy, neonatal convulsions, and meconium aspiration syndrome; 1 ...
Gorb Stanislav N - - 2003
This account provides a detailed morphological and ultrastructural study of wing-locking mechanisms (LM) in some aquatic Heteroptera. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy were used to describe the functional significance of macro- and microstructures holding wings tightly against the body at rest and those involved in functional diptery in flight. There ...
Saugstad Ola D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To follow-up children who had been resuscitated at birth with either 21% or 100% oxygen (O2). METHODS: A multicenter study with 10 participating centers recruited 609 infants to the Resair 2 study where resuscitation was performed with either 21% or 100% O2. A follow-up between ages 18 and 24 ...
Mori Shuji - - 2003
Previously, nafamostat mesilate was found to be a potent inhibitor of human tryptase. In present study, we performed a kinetic study to determine its K(i) value for tryptase and compared it with that of gabexate mesilate. Nafamostat mesilate inhibited human tryptase in a competitive manner. The apparent K(i) value was ...
Carney Shanna E - - 2003
We investigated the indirect effects of Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) invasions on patterns of seed dispersal and predation in the myrmecochorous tree poppy Dendromecon rigida in coastal San Diego County, California. Significantly more seeds were removed from ant-accessible seed stations at sites numerically dominated by a common harvester ant (Pogonomyrmex ...
N'Diaye A - - 2003
The aim of this paper is to study the lubricant capacity of Compritol HD5 ATO, a glyceryl and polyethylene glycol dibehenate, obtained by atomization. This material is compared to Compritol 888 ATO, constituted only by glyceryl dibehenate. First, this study verifies that Compritol HD5 ATO and Compritol 888 ATO present ...
Shibata Etsuro - - 2003
Formation and decomposition behaviors of PCDD/Fs during pyrolysis of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with CuO have been investigated. These reactions proceed simultaneously, and the rate of decomposition exceeds that of formation with further retention. More 2,3,7,8-TCDD is formed when the dechlorination of PCDD/Fs proceeds significantly. Homologue profile patterns of PCDD/Fs show ...
Myers Thompson Jo A - - 2003
Pan paniscus is unique in the group of African apes because of its range south of the Congo River. Examination of the bio-geographical journey of the genus Pan to the species P. paniscus is important when discussing the evolution of African apes. This paper is a review of the paleo-geographic ...
Acha Eduardo M - - 2003
The Río de la Plata, one of the most important South American estuarine environments, is characterized by a bottom salinity front that generates an ecotone between the river and the estuary. Based on bottom trawls and costal sampling we describe the distribution, types, and amount of debris found in the ...
Harrell R M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study determined the tensile properties of 18-gauge stainless steel wire, 5-mm woven polyester (Mersilene) tape, and multiple loop configurations of No. 5 braided polyester suture (Ethibond). DESIGN: Mechanical property testing. INTERVENTION: Single loops of stainless steel wire, Mersilene, and Ethibond were tested to determine their mechanical properties. Ethibond ...
Lengelé Marc - - 2003
Preliminary results for collisional broadening are reported for two lines P(8) and R(32) of the nu3-nu1 band of CS2 in mixture with O2 and air. These values and previous results for CS2-N2 enable us to compare the broadening coefficients directly obtained for CS2-air with those derived from CS2-N2 and CS2-O2.
Ferrari Jill - - 2003
The relationship between metatarsus adductus and hallux valgus was evaluated on 100 dorsoplantar weight-bearing radiographs. The metatarsus adductus angle varied positively with the degree of hallux valgus. By using measures of correlation, a significant linear association was found for women (r =.53, P <.001) and men (r =.48, P <.001). ...
Soma Yoshinao - - 2003
We have previously shown that frontoparietal scleroderma en coup de sabre, a type of linear scleroderma that affects the face and scalp, follows the lines of Blaschko, but the question whether linear scleroderma that occurs in the limbs follows Blaschko's lines has not been answered. We describe the case of ...
Demirci Deniz - - 2003
Spontaneous migration of the intrauterine devices into the bladder and secondary stone formation are rare complications. A 33-year-old women in whom a copper T intrauterine device had been placed two years previously, presented complaining of irritative lower urinary tract symptoms. Intravesical migration of intrauterine device and big stones around it ...
Cummings Brian - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the range of opinions among neonatologists in Connecticut and Rhode Island regarding the gestational age at which they would support parental resuscitation or nonresuscitation requests for infants born at 21-27 weeks. METHODS: Anonymous questionnaire mailed to 70 Connecticut and Rhode Island neonatologists detailing specific resuscitation scenarios and ...
Mitchell Ann - - 2002
PURPOSE: This is a prospective audit to determine the frequency of resuscitation interventions in the clinical setting and to compare self-reports of clinical performance with the existing Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) and Canadian National Guidelines for Neonatal Resuscitation. SUBJECTS: Fifty-six level I, II, and III hospitals in Canada participated. Any ...
Wong C M - - 2002
The timing of birth-related events may influence neonatal outcome and is often pivotal in medicolegal cases. This prospective observational study determined the variation in displayed time on timepieces in a regional maternity unit which could result in inaccuracies of time documentation. The mean (95% CI) difference between time displayed and ...
Boqvist Sofia - - 2002
A serologic survey was conducted among sows in the Mekong delta in southern Viet Nam to investigate associations between leptospiral seropositivity and reproductive performance. Data were collected from a total of 339 sows in lactation or gestation, from four large-scale state farms on three occasions. The seroprevalence for Leptospira interrogans ...
Prum Richard O - - 2002
Progress on the evolutionary origin and diversification of feathers has been hampered by conceptual problems and by the lack of plesiomorphic feather fossils. Recently, both of these limitations have been overcome by the proposal of the developmental theory of the origin of feathers, and the discovery of primitive feather fossils ...
Dayton Paul - - 2002
A radiographic review of first metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ) arthrodesis in patients who had preoperative intermetatarsal angles greater than 15 degrees is presented. The average reduction of the intermetatarsal angle was measured. Twenty-one patients with 22 fusions, with ages ranging from 43 to 79 years old, underwent first MPJ arthrodesis with ...
Koempel Jeffrey A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To identify the person or persons responsible for the conception and description of the operation that we know of today as tonsillectomy and to determine whether this was accomplished by an American otolaryngologist(s) before the description by George Waugh of London in 1909. STUDY DESIGN: A review of the ...
Ware A S - - 2002
Compact stellarator configurations have been obtained with good neoclassical confinement that are stable to both pressure- and current-driven modes for high values of beta. These configurations are drift-optimized tokamak-stellarator hybrids with a high-shear tokamak-like rotational transform profile and /B/ that is approximately poloidally symmetric. The bootstrap current is consistent with ...
Feduccia Alan - - 2002
The problem of resolving the homology of the digits of the avian hand has been framed as a conflict between paleontological and embryological evidence, the former thought to support a hand composed of digits I, II, III, because of similarity of the phalangeal formulae of the earliest known bird Archaeopteryx ...
Kowalski Kurtis L - - 2002
We conducted a prospective randomized study comparing the costs, comfort, and effects on activities of daily living of fractures managed in plaster of Paris (POP) vs. fiberglass (FG) for at least 4 weeks. A total of 183 patients with short arm and short leg casts were evaluated. Twenty-seven patients were ...
Taves Donald - - 2002
Masters and Johnson observed that the foreskin unrolled with intercourse. However, they overlooked a prior observation that intromission was thereby made easier. To evaluate this observation an artificial introitus was mounted on a scales. Repeated measurements showed a 10-fold reduction of force on entry with an initially unretracted foreskin as ...
Bar-Joseph Gad - - 2002
This study retrospectively analyzed the pattern of sodium bicarbonate (SB) use during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the Brain Resuscitation Clinical Trial III (BRCT III). BRCT III was a prospective clinical trial, which compared high-dose to standard-dose epinephrine during CPR. SB use was left optional in the study protocol. Records of ...
Luna Fabienne - - 2002
The contribution of the chemical composition to the flavor of cocoa liquor from an Ecuadorian selfed population of clone EET 95 was investigated. Polyphenols, purine alkaloids, organic acids, and sugars were quantified, and the key sensory characteristics of cocoa were scored by a trained panel. Despite the short bean fermentation ...
Thigpen Janet - - 2002
The survival rates for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants continue to increase while the morbidity rates show little improvement. Negative outcomes have been associated with hypoxia, hyperoxia, hypocarbia, barotrauma, intraventricular hemoRrhages, metabolic acidosis, cold stress, and overwhelming stimuli. Protection from iatrogenic harm must always be provided for the extremely ...
Lam Andrew K C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that crossed disparities give better stereoacuity than uncrossed. When near phoria is considered, exophores had a better crossed stereoacuity and esophores had a better uncrossed stereoacuity. The current study investigated the effect of heterophoria on distant crossed and uncrossed stereoacuity. METHODS: Seventy-two subjects were recruited ...
Vidal G - - 2002
We show how entanglement can be used, without being consumed, to accomplish unitary operations that could not be performed without it. When applied to infinitesimal transformations, our method makes equivalent, in the sense of Hamiltonian simulation, a whole class of otherwise inequivalent two-qubit interactions. The new catalysis effect also implies ...
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