Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 706
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Beveridge C J E - - 2006
For many years, intravenous sodium bicarbonate has been used to reverse acidosis during newborn resuscitation. However, controversy surrounds its use. Most of the evidence has been derived from studies in animals, adult humans, or in uncontrolled, descriptive experiments. Despite the lack of evidence from the human neonatal population and concerns ...
Martinez-Bonetti Jose J Inst. Nacional de Astrofisica, Opt., y Electron., Puebla, Mexico. - - 2006
The wavelet transform (WT) gains ground every day over other methods of biosignal processing. Yet there is still much ambiguity when deciding which particular wavelet to use. The aim of this work is to consider the relationship between (a) the likeness of a wavelet to a transitory signal (the Hodgkin-Huxley ...
Horst Robert W RW Tibion Corp., Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA. - - 2006
Active orthotic devices require actuators with high torque, a free movement mode, high efficiency, and small size and weight. The FlexCVA is a new type of actuator that addresses these requirements in a unique way. It provides continuously varying torque through the use of two belts alternately deflected by cams. ...
Ma Zhong - - 2006
Vertical orientation of emerging roots typically is the first response of plants to gravity. Although root gravitropism has been studied extensively, no conclusive data on the onset of gravisensing exist. We determined the inception of gravisensitivity in flax (Linum usitatissimum) roots by clinorotating germinating seeds after various periods of static ...
Guo Jing - - 2006
The centrosome is the major microtubule-organizing center in animal cells. Although the cytoplasmic dynein regulator Nudel interacts with centrosomes, its role herein remains unclear. Here, we show that in Cos7 cells Nudel is a mother centriole protein with rapid turnover independent of dynein activity. During centriole duplication, Nudel targets to ...
Reilly T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although similar standards exist internationally to select beach lifeguards (BLGs), these are generally not based on a task analysis. To reduce the likelihood of drowning, a BLG should reach a casualty within 3.5 min (210 s). AIM: To quantify the physical demands of the most critical generic tasks undertaken ...
Jones S F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The ability to successfully negotiate stairs and steps is an important factor for functional independence. While work has been undertaken to understand the biomechanics of gait in lower-limb amputees, little is known about how amputees negotiate stairs and steps. This study aimed to determine the mechanics of landing in ...
Kishimoto Sanae - - 2005
Nineteen carotenoids were identified in extracts of petals of orange- and yellow-flowered cultivars of calendula (Calendula officinalis L.). Ten carotenoids were unique to orange-flowered cultivars. The UV-vis absorption maxima of these ten carotenoids were at longer wavelengths than that of flavoxanthin, the main carotenoid of calendula petals, and it is ...
Schulz C U - - 2005
The coracoacromial arch is a static anterior-superior stabilizer of the humeral head. Thus coracoacromial arch inclination, which varies depending on coracoid tip position, may be related to shoulder pathologies. Therefore, we retrospectively analysed coracoid tip positions in the true anterior posterior view of different shoulder pathologies: reference shoulders (n=27), shoulders ...
Janvier Annie - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the adequacy of records of parental counseling in mothers with threatened preterm delivery before 27 weeks gestation, whether interventions performed at birth were consistent with recorded antenatal decisions and whether extent of resuscitation affected the occurrence of serious short-term morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: Antenatal consultation records and records ...
Yancey E J - - 2005
Little information is available in the literature on the interrelationships and interactions among pH, aging time, marbling, and maturity on the flavor profile of some beef muscles commonly used for steaks. To investigate these effects on beef flavor, the infraspinatus (top-blade steak) from the chuck clod, the gluteus medius (top-sirloin ...
Kabbur Prakash M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE:To study the impact of neonatal resuscitation program (NRP) guidelines on delivery room (DR) management of infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). STUDY DESIGN:A retrospective study of all term (>or=37 weeks) infants born through MSAF was performed. Patients were divided into two periods: pre year 2000 NRP and post ...
Sayeed Sadath A - - 2005
The Born-Alive Infants Protection Act (BAIPA), passed by Congress in 2002, has attracted little publicity. Its purposes were, in part, "to repudiate the flawed notion that a child's entitlement to the protections of the law is dependent on whether that child's mother or others want him or her." Understood as ...
Oddie Sam - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Lung inflation is the most important, and most difficult step in newborn resuscitation. A wide variety of devices are used to achieve lung inflation, but there are relatively few data to guide clinicians in their choice of device. METHODS: We tested the ability of instructors and trained candidates on ...
Corff Karen E - - 2005
The use of 100% oxygen for delivery room resuscitation is currently the recommended standard of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Neonatal Resuscitation Program. However, there is mounting evidence from animal and human studies suggesting that resuscitation with room air (RA, 21% oxygen), including positive pressure ventilation with bag ...
Bruce Matthew J - - 2005
We are becoming increasingly aware of animal communication outside the range of human sensitivity. Web decorations are silk structures used by orb-web spiders to deceive prey and predators. However, despite the level of interest in these structures, their visibility to prey and predators has never, to our knowledge, been objectively ...
O'Donnell Colm P F - - 2005
AIM: Neonatal resuscitation is a common and important intervention. International consensus statements advise how newborns should be resuscitated and suggest equipment to be used. Use of equipment not specifically recommended in these guidelines has been advocated. We wished to determine how widely this supplementary equipment is used in a geographically ...
Fodor Lucian - - 2006
The purpose of this review is to summarise the commonly used formulae for fluid resuscitation in major burns and to discuss the controversy surrounding the use of protein-based colloids as a component of these types of formulae. Fluid resuscitation in major burns is one of the most critical steps in ...
Ribas Guilherme C - - 2005
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to delimit the external cranial projection of the transverse and sigmoid sinuses, and to establish initial strategic systematized burr hole sites for lateral infratentorial suboccipital approaches based on external cranial landmarks particularly related to the lambdoid, occipitomastoid, and parietomastoid sutures. METHODS: The external ...
Westaway Michael D - - 2005
An investigation of intra- and inter-rater reliability anterior atlantodental interval (AADI) measurements was conducted using flexion/extension plain radiographs. Flexion and extension lateral radiographs of individuals investigated for atlantoaxial instability were measured for AADI on three occasions. Intra-rater intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated for both flexion (0.99) and extension (0.96). ...
Knobel Robin B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia incurred during delivery room resuscitation continues to cause morbidity in infants <29 weeks gestation. Three recent trials have shown that wrapping such infants instead of drying prevents heat loss, resulting in higher infant temperatures at Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission. OBJECTIVE: To describe current NICU practices with ...
Majumder G - - 2005
We report evidence for B(0) --> D(0)D(-) and the first observation of the decay modes B(-) --> D(0)D(-) and B(-) --> D(0)D(*-) based on a sample of 152 x 10(6) BB events collected by the Belle detector at KEKB. The branching fractions for B(0) --> D(+) D(-), B--->D(0)D(-), and B--> ...
Saugstad Ola D - - 2005
AIM: To characterize the development of clinically relevant variables the first minutes after birth and identify early prognostic markers in newborn infants requiring resuscitation. METHODS: A database of 591 infants resuscitated with either 21% or 100% oxygen was analysed. Time to first breath, development in heart rate, Apgar scores, arterial ...
Aziz Khalid - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the implementation of a multidisciplinary neonatal resuscitation team (NRT) at a Canadian tertiary perinatal centre. METHODS: In February 2002, the primary role of neonatal resuscitation was transferred from attending physicians (on-call off-site) to a NRT (consisting of a neonatal intensive care nurse, a respiratory therapist, and, when ...
Heinonen Kirsti - - 2005
The paper by Saugstad et al. in this issue of Acta Paediatrica presents new and provocative data on the development of the child's physiological status during the first minutes of life. The data were extracted from the database of the Resair 2 study designed to investigate the outcome of resuscitation ...
Bajaj Naveen - - 2005
The aim of the study was to determine whether neonates resuscitated with room air compared with 100 per cent oxygen in the delivery room were less likely to have hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and/or death before discharge. A controlled clinical trial was carried out at a tertiary care institute. All newborns ...
Paterson Ian - - 2005
Stereocontrolled syntheses of the C16-C28 CD-spiroacetal subunit of altohyrtin A/spongistatin 1 , relying on kinetic and thermodynamic control of the spiroacetal formation, are described. The kinetic control approach resulted in a slight preference (60 : 40) for the desired spiroacetal isomer. The thermodynamic approach allowed ready access to the desired ...
Galis Frietson - - 2005
Vargas and Fallon (2005. J Exp Zool (Mol Dev Evol) 304B:86-90) propose that Hox gene expression patterns indicate that the most anterior digit in bird wings is homologous to digit 1 rather than to digit 2 in other amniotes. This interpretation is based on the presence of Hoxd13 expression in ...
Paris J J - - 2005
Over the past 40 years, the norms on who is to make treatment decisions for newborns, and on what standards, have been significantly altered and revised. Today the standard for treatment of newborns is the "best interest" of the child. A recent ruling of the Texas Supreme Court authorizing a ...
McNamara P J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Morbidity related to ineffective resuscitation and stabilization of premature infants is increased when delivery occurs outside tertiary perinatal centers. The regional neonatal transport team received extensive training to expand their scope of practice to include delivery room resuscitation allowing them to attend high-risk deliveries in community hospitals when maternal ...
West Claire R - - 2005
A chart review of 64 infants with moderate or severe neonatal encephalopathy showed that resuscitation was required for 61 (95%), respiratory support for 53 (83%) and anticonvulsants for 58 (91%). Death occurred in 2 (4%) infants with moderate encephalopathy and 12 (86%) with severe encephalopathy. In addition, subsequent neurodevelopment was ...
Wyckoff Myra H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize use of volume infusion (VI) for infants who are > or =34 weeks' gestational age and receive intensive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR; defined as >1 minute of positive-pressure ventilation and chest compressions, with or without the administration of medications) in the delivery room and are admitted to the ...
Blondel Marc - - 2005
SCF-type (SCF: Skp1-Cullin-F-box protein complex) E3 ligases regulate ubiquitin-dependent degradation of many cell cycle regulators, mainly at the G1/S transition. Here, we show that SCF(Grr1) functions during cytokinesis by degrading the PCH protein Hof1. While Hof1 is required early in mitosis to assemble a functional actomyosin ring, it is specifically ...
Acosta D - - 2005
We present measurements of the lifetimes and polarization amplitudes for B(0)(s)-->J/psiphi and B(0)(d)-->J/psiK(*0) decays. Lifetimes of the heavy and light mass eigenstates in the B(0)(s) system are separately measured for the first time by determining the relative contributions of amplitudes with definite CP as a function of the decay time. ...
Hermansen Marcus C - - 2005
Ten percent of all newborns require resuscitation at birth. The Neonatal Resuscitation Program establishes the authoritative technique of newborn resuscitation. Errors continue to occur that are related to the use of unskilled resuscitators; intubation; inadequate suctioning of meconium; and the postresuscitation problems of hypoglycemia, hypocarbia, and hypotension. Specific recommendations are ...
Celewicz Lech - - 2005
The photochemistry of the dinucleoside monophosphate thymidylyl-(3'-5')-5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine (Tpm5dC) has been studied in aqueous solution using both 254 nm and UV-B radiation. A variety of dinucleotide photoproducts containing 5-methylcytosine (m5C) have been isolated and characterized. These include two cyclobutane dimers (CBD) (the cis-syn [c,s]and trans-syn forms), a (6-4) adduct and its ...
Robertson Nicola J - - 2005
Both experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that room air is as efficient as 100% oxygen for newborn resuscitation and improves short-term recovery. The recent meta-analysis by Davis and colleagues in the Lancet includes five studies from the past 10 years where asphyxiated infants were randomised or pseudo-randomised to be ...
Laiho Kari - - 2005
Rheumatoid involvement of the 24 joints of the cervical spine leads to prominent changes in the occipito-atlanto-axial area. Eight different subtypes of such changes are recognized, depicted, and defined. The frequencies of these 8 subtypes in rheumatoid arthritis and other arthritides are tabulated. A central role in these disorders is ...
Adams Jo - - 2005
Static orthoses are recommended for individuals who have early rheumatoid arthritis (Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, 2002; College of Occupational Therapists, 2003). These orthoses aim to rest and immobilize weakened joint structures and decrease local inflammation (Janssen et al., 1990; Nicholas et al., 1982); correctly position joints (Nordenskiöld, 1990; Ouellette, 1991); ...
Bazzanini R - - 2005
Synthetic pathways to a mononucleotide prodrug of cytarabine (Ara-C) bearing S-pivaloyl-2-thioethyl (tBuSATE) groups, as biolabile phosphate protections, are reported. Using a common phosphoramidite approach, two different kinds of nucleoside protecting groups have been investigated. During this study, we observed an intermolecular migration of the Boc protecting group in the course ...
Cavalli C - - 2005
Cardiac troponins can be useful in monitoring cardiac injury following perinatal distress. We report here an increase of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) to 2.84 microg/l at 3 weeks (age-related median: 0.07 microg/l) followed by normalization in a newborn with an uneventful clinical course after resuscitation at birth. Serial echocardiographs showed ...
Tanaka Eiji - - 2005
AIMS: To evaluate how the frictional coefficient of the porcine temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is affected by an impairment of the synovial lubrication produced by an experimental abrasion of the articular cartilage and the application of hyaluronic acid (HA) with different molecular weights to the abraded cartilage surfaces. METHODS: Erosion of ...
Rajashekar K P - - 2004
The antennal lobe was examined by Golgi-silver impregnation to differentiate the glomeruli depending on the source and types of inputs. Thirty-five of the 43 'identified' olfactory glomeruli were Golgi-silver impregnated in the present study. Seven glomeruli compared to three, reported previously, were found to be targets of maxillary palp chemosensory ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik - - 2005
Experimental as well as clinical studies have demonstrated that room air is as efficient as pure oxygen for newborn resuscitation. Recent data even indicate that outcome is improved if pure oxygen is avoided. Thus, in a meta-analysis, neonatal mortality was significantly lower in those newly born infants resuscitated with 21% ...
Martin Bruce - - 2004
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether the two thumb technique was superior to the two finger technique in delivering effective chest compressions in infants with cardiac arrest. Altogether 175 papers were found using the reported search, of which four presented the best evidence to answer the ...
Murki Srinivas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a single dose of sodium bicarbonate given during neonatal resuscitation at birth on the acid-base status on the first day of life. SETTING: Tertiary care Level III NICU. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 55 consecutively born asphyxiated neonates continuing to receive positive pressure ventilation ...
Pezzati Marco - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of cardiac tamponade related to peripherally inserted central catheters in newborns weighing less than 1,500 g during the past 8 years and to provide guidelines in order to avoid death due to this complication. DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary level neonatal intensive care unit. ...
Thomas E J - - 2004
Improving teamwork in healthcare may help reduce and manage errors. This paper takes a step toward that goal by (1) proposing a set of teamwork behaviours, or behavioural markers, for neonatal resuscitation; (2) presenting a data form for recording observations about these markers; and (3) comparing and contrasting different sets ...
Zhou Zhonghe - - 2004
The study of the origin and early evolution of birds has never produced as much excitement and public attention as in the past decade. Well preserved and abundant new fossils of birds and dinosaurs have provided unprecedented new evidence on the dinosaurian origin of birds, the arboreal origin of avian ...
Moore Ayana - - 2004
Kinesins are motor proteins that use the hydrolysis of ATP to do mechanical work. Most of these motors translocate cargo along the surface of the microtubule (MT). However, a subfamily of these motors (Kin-I kinesins) can destabilize MTs directly from their ends. This distinct ability makes their activity crucial during ...
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