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Results 251 - 300 of 695
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Morley Colin - - 2007
New Australian Neonatal Resuscitation Guidelines highlight the recent advances in neonatal resuscitation. Resuscitation should start with air and only use oxygen if the infant does not respond. CPAP and PEEP should be considered for premature infants with meconium stained liquor. Sucking out the mouth and nose is not necessary. Infants ...
Cogoi Susanna - - 2007
Quadruplex-forming oligonucleotides containing INA [(R)-1-O-(1-pyrenylmethyl)glycerol] insertions have been designed and studied for their capacity to inhibit the expression of the KRAS oncogene in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells. It is found that INA can influence the folding topology of the G-quadruplex. The oligonucleotides forming the most stable G-quadruplex (ODN-637) is found to ...
Buchillier T - - 2007
Spectrometric and dosimetric measurements were made around a cask containing spent fuel and a cask containing high-level radioactive waste at the Swiss intermediate waste and spent fuel storage facility. A Bonner sphere spectrometer, an LB 6411 neutron monitor and an Automess Szintomat 6134A were used to characterise the n-gamma fields ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In recent years it has become clear that even a brief exposure to high oxygen concentration at birth and an oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) >93-95% in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants is more toxic than previously believed. OBJECTIVE: To summarize and review clinical studies published to date either dealing ...
Bidwell Lori A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate morphologic changes of the stratum internum of hooves from near-term fetal, newborn, and yearling horses. ANIMALS: Feet from 27 near-term equine fetuses, 19 newborn foals, and 8 yearlings. PROCEDURES: Primary epidermal laminae (PEL) of the stratum internum were examined for evidence of architectural changes. RESULTS: In near-term ...
Dawson Jennifer A - - 2007
Resuscitation guidelines recommend administration of free-flow oxygen to newly born infants who breathe but remain cyanosed. Self-inflating resuscitation bags are described as unreliable for this purpose. We measured oxygen concentrations >or=80% delivered through a 240 mL Laerdal self-inflating resuscitation bag and from 5 mm tubing inside a cupped hand.
Beauchamp Philippe - - 2006
Atrial tissue expresses both connexin 40 (Cx40) and 43 (Cx43) proteins. To assess the relative roles of Cx40 and Cx43 in atrial electrical propagation, we synthesized cultured strands of atrial myocytes derived from mice with genetic deficiency in Cx40 or Cx43 expression and measured propagation velocity (PV) by high-resolution optical ...
Sampaio Jaime - - 2006
The aim of the present paper was to examine the differences in game-related statistics between basketball players who are selected for the starting five of the team (starters) and those who are not (nonstarters) when related to game outcome (winning and losing) and team quality (best teams, teams classified for ...
Moore Kathryn M - - 2006
The optimal degree of resuscitation in the initial control and resuscitative phase of trauma care remains unclear. Many attempts have been made with animal studies to determine the optimal degree and method of resuscitation. Human studies were first conducted in 1994 and the results were inconclusive and have not been ...
Domico Michele B - - 2006
A 3-month-old infant presented to the pediatric emergency department with respiratory distress and tetany after ingestion of a phosphate-containing oral laxative. The initial phosphorus level was 38.3 mg/dL. With aggressive fluid resuscitation and intravenous calcium administration, the infant completely recovered. Although the risks of phosphate-containing enemas are well described, life-threatening ...
Kamlin C Omar F - - 2006
Heart rate (HR) dictates intervention during neonatal resuscitation. Guidelines recommend that HR be assessed by auscultation or palpation. We compared HRs determined clinically with electrocardiography (ECG) in healthy newborns in the delivery room. Clinical assessment by 23 observers randomly allocated to assess HR by one of two methods in 26 ...
Box Deborah - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Naloxone, a specific opiate antagonist, is widely used during neonatal resuscitation to reverse possible opiate-induced respiratory depression. AIM: To determine the frequency with which naloxone is administered when resuscitation guidelines are conscientiously followed and to document any effect on respiratory morbidity. METHODS: Perinatal data including naloxone administration and respiratory ...
Salthe J - - 2006
During neonatal resuscitation, the routine use of capnography to verify correct placement of the endotracheal tube is not an established international practice. We present four cases that illustrate the successful use of immediate capnography to verify correct tracheal tube placement even in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) prematures (< 1000 g) ...
Usrey Molly M - - 2006
We explore the hypothesis that repetitive impingement increases wear of ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene inserts. During revision total hip arthroplasty, 113 acetabular components were retrieved and examined for impingement, backside wear, and articular wear. Sixty percent of acetabular liners showed evidence of prosthetic impingement, with moderate or severe damage to the rim ...
Wang Zhong-feng - - 2006
Two stable transformed lines containing antisense LeETR1 [corrected] or LeETR2 [corrected] sequences and their hybridized line were investigated to determine the effect of LeETR1 [corrected] and LeETR2 [corrected] specificity in the ethylene receptor family in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) on ethylene signaling. The transgenic line ale1 containing antisense LeETR1 [corrected] ...
O'Hare B A - - 2006
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine if a team dedicated to basic neonatal resuscitation in the delivery ward of a teaching hospital would impact the outcome of neonates delivered in Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: A five-member team of nurses, trained in basic neonatal resuscitation attended 1046 deliveries over a thirty-one day pilot ...
Krug E F EF - - 2006
The Supreme Court of Texas in the case of Miller v. HCA announced a rule in 2003 (118 s.w. 3d 758) that a physician attending the delivery of a severely premature infant may provide life-sustaining treatment for that infant under 'emergent circumstances' as a matter of law without first obtaining ...
Wu Yikang - - 2006
A straightforward enantioselective route to (+)-antimycin A3b is presented, which used a TiCl4-mediated asymmetric aldolization to construct C-7/C-8 and BnOH/DMAP to remove the chiral auxiliary with concurrent protection of the carboxylic group, respectively. Closing the dilactone ring was achieved in 62% yield (previously 0.8%, 13.4%, or 20%) in the presence ...
Wyithe J Stuart B - - 2006
A large number of faint galaxies, born less than a billion years after the Big Bang, have recently been discovered. Fluctuations in the distribution of these galaxies contributed to a scatter in the ionization fraction of cosmic hydrogen on scales of tens of megaparsecs, as observed along the lines of ...
Matsuoka Juli - - 2006
PURPOSE: To establish normative pronation and supination torque values in right-handed adults without evidence of upper-extremity dysfunction or impairment in the forearm positions of neutral, pronation, and supination. METHODS: Fifty-one normal right-handed participants ages 22 to 45 years were enrolled and tested in this study using a custom device that ...
de la Hunt M N - - 2006
The acute abdomen in the newborn provides challenging problems from many aspects, not only with regard to diagnosis, resuscitation and treatment, but also now with prenatal management. Most conditions are uncommon and treatment in specialist centres enables concentration of appropriate resources and expertise. Co-morbidity is common, particularly in the preterm ...
Wyllie Jonathan - - 2006
The resuscitation of babies at birth is different from the resuscitation of all other age groups, and knowledge of the relevant physiology and pathophysiology is essential. Although the majority of babies will establish normal respiration and circulation without help after delivery, those babies who do not establish adequate regular normal ...
Williams Jefferson G - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence indicates that it may not be essential to deliver ventilations in the first few minutes of CPR. We compared time to delivery of first compression in traditional CPR with ventilations and compressions to compression-only CPR performed by untrained laypersons assisted by a mock 911 dispatcher. METHODS: This ...
Pusterla N - - 2006
The U.C. Davis Large Animal Lift (LAL) is a lightweight sling developed to help lift horses in clinical and rescue situations. Here we report on its first use in 16 recumbent horses with neurologic, muscular and musculoskeletal disorders. For each horse, history, sedation, ease and time of LAL application and ...
Allan S A - - 2006
Attraction of Culex quinquefasciatus Say, Culex tarsalis Coquillett, Culex nigripalpus Theobald, and Aedes aegypti (L.) to avian and other host odors was investigated in a dual-port olfactometer. Although attraction to a human arm was high for Ae. aegypti (>80%) and low for all Culex spp. (<25%), all species responded similarly ...
McGowan Jane E - - 2006
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm and full-term infants. Experimental data from animal studies suggest that interventions that improve survival of injured neurons and prevent delayed neuronal loss may decrease hypoxic ischemic brain injury. Considerable attention has focused on optimizing management of newborns in ...
Engle William A - - 2006
Intraosseous administration of resuscitation medications and fluids in preterm and term neonates is an alternative when intravascular access is not possible with intravenous catheters or needles. Intraosseous access is rarely needed in neonates because of the availability of clinicians with expert technical skills for placement of intravenous catheters in neonatal ...
Graham S - - 2006
A very small proportion of newborns fail to establish a normal respiratory pattern without some assistance at birth and newborns requiring resuscitative measures at birth should have a skilled practitioner able to provide it. In this small hospital midwives felt unskilled in newborn resuscitation and paediatricians were not always immediately ...
Trevisanuto D - - 2006
Delivery room management of extremely low birthweight infants (ELBWIs) has been little studied. A questionnaire was sent to the heads of the 86 Italian neonatal intensive care units provided with on site delivery. The practice of and approach to the resuscitation of ELBWIs were very different among the centres surveyed, ...
Graupman Patrick - - 2006
Emergency venous access in an infant suffering from multiple trauma and shock can be difficult. Peripheral venous access and central line placement are not always successful. Death following underresuscitation due to the lack of adequate access occurs, although it is not often reported in the literature. The author presents a ...
Clarke Julia A - - 2006
In studies of the evolution of avian flight there has been a singular preoccupation with unravelling its origin. By contrast, the complex changes in morphology that occurred between the earliest form of avian flapping flight and the emergence of the flight capabilities of extant birds remain comparatively little explored. Any ...
Sullivan Jane M - - 2006
In this issue of Neuron, Harata et al. use a novel quenching technique to provide compelling evidence that kiss-and-run is the dominant mode of vesicle fusion at hippocampal synapses and that the prevalence of kiss-and-run can be modulated by stimulus frequency. The increased incidence of kiss-and-run at lower frequencies may ...
Bercker Sven - - 2006
A case of a premature infant with tracheal atresia together with an exceptional combination of congenital abnormalities that partially corresponds to the TACRD and VACTERL associations is presented. Tracheal atresia was not detectable in the prenatal ultrasound due to lacking of the typical diaphragmatic and pulmonary findings because of the ...
Huber Rupert - - 2006
We report the first observation of stimulated emission of terahertz radiation from internal transitions of excitons. The far-infrared electromagnetic response of Cu2O is monitored via broadband terahertz pulses after ultrafast resonant excitation of three-dimensional 3p excitons. Stimulated emission from the 3p to the energetically lower 2s bound level occurs at ...
Saturno William A - - 2006
The ruins of San Bartolo, Guatemala, contain a sample of Maya hieroglyphic writing dating to the Late Preclassic period (400 B.C. to 200 A.D.). The writing appears on preserved painted walls and plaster fragments buried within the pyramidal structure known as "Las Pinturas," which was constructed in discrete phases over ...
Sutou Y - - 2006
Nitinol shape memory alloys (SMAs) are attracting considerable attention as core materials for medical guidewires because of their excellent flexibility and shape retention. However, since Nitinol guidewires possess low rigidity, the pushability and torquability of the guidewires are insufficient. On the other hand, although guidewires made of stainless steel have ...
Mitra Biswadev - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Parkland formula is established as the "gold standard" for initial fluid resuscitation for major burns. The purpose of this study was to review our fluid resuscitation practice for major burns to determine whether anecdotal observations of significant variations from the Parkland formula were wide spread and whether any ...
Horst Robert W - - 2006
Active orthotic devices require actuators with high torque, a free movement mode, high efficiency, and small size and weight. The FlexCVA is a new type of actuator that addresses these requirements in a unique way. It provides continuously varying torque through the use of two belts alternately deflected by cams. ...
Martinez-Bonetti Jose - - 2006
The wavelet transform (WT) gains ground every day over other methods of biosignal processing. Yet there is still much ambiguity when deciding which particular wavelet to use. The aim of this work is to consider the relationship between (a) the likeness of a wavelet to a transitory signal (the Hodgkin-Huxley ...
Makris Nikos - - 2006
Three of 2000 diagnostic hysteroscopies revealed residual fetal bony fragments in women with abnormal uterine bleeding. Removal of bony fragments by hysteroscopy is associated with therapeutic success.
Loock N - - 2006
The aim of this study was to compare a batsman's running and turning speed during three runs while wearing either traditional batting pads or one of two models of newly designed cricket batting pads. Fifteen cricketers participated. The running and turning speeds were measured on three different days with players ...
Beveridge C J E - - 2006
For many years, intravenous sodium bicarbonate has been used to reverse acidosis during newborn resuscitation. However, controversy surrounds its use. Most of the evidence has been derived from studies in animals, adult humans, or in uncontrolled, descriptive experiments. Despite the lack of evidence from the human neonatal population and concerns ...
Ma Zhong - - 2006
Vertical orientation of emerging roots typically is the first response of plants to gravity. Although root gravitropism has been studied extensively, no conclusive data on the onset of gravisensing exist. We determined the inception of gravisensitivity in flax (Linum usitatissimum) roots by clinorotating germinating seeds after various periods of static ...
Guo Jing - - 2006
The centrosome is the major microtubule-organizing center in animal cells. Although the cytoplasmic dynein regulator Nudel interacts with centrosomes, its role herein remains unclear. Here, we show that in Cos7 cells Nudel is a mother centriole protein with rapid turnover independent of dynein activity. During centriole duplication, Nudel targets to ...
Reilly T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although similar standards exist internationally to select beach lifeguards (BLGs), these are generally not based on a task analysis. To reduce the likelihood of drowning, a BLG should reach a casualty within 3.5 min (210 s). AIM: To quantify the physical demands of the most critical generic tasks undertaken ...
Jones S F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The ability to successfully negotiate stairs and steps is an important factor for functional independence. While work has been undertaken to understand the biomechanics of gait in lower-limb amputees, little is known about how amputees negotiate stairs and steps. This study aimed to determine the mechanics of landing in ...
Kishimoto Sanae - - 2005
Nineteen carotenoids were identified in extracts of petals of orange- and yellow-flowered cultivars of calendula (Calendula officinalis L.). Ten carotenoids were unique to orange-flowered cultivars. The UV-vis absorption maxima of these ten carotenoids were at longer wavelengths than that of flavoxanthin, the main carotenoid of calendula petals, and it is ...
Schulz C U - - 2005
The coracoacromial arch is a static anterior-superior stabilizer of the humeral head. Thus coracoacromial arch inclination, which varies depending on coracoid tip position, may be related to shoulder pathologies. Therefore, we retrospectively analysed coracoid tip positions in the true anterior posterior view of different shoulder pathologies: reference shoulders (n=27), shoulders ...
Janvier Annie - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the adequacy of records of parental counseling in mothers with threatened preterm delivery before 27 weeks gestation, whether interventions performed at birth were consistent with recorded antenatal decisions and whether extent of resuscitation affected the occurrence of serious short-term morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: Antenatal consultation records and records ...
Yancey E J - - 2005
Little information is available in the literature on the interrelationships and interactions among pH, aging time, marbling, and maturity on the flavor profile of some beef muscles commonly used for steaks. To investigate these effects on beef flavor, the infraspinatus (top-blade steak) from the chuck clod, the gluteus medius (top-sirloin ...
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