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Results 201 - 250 of 702
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Richmond Sam - - 2008
Oxygen was discovered more than 200 years ago and was thought to be both essential and beneficial for all animal life. Although it is now over 100 years since oxygen was first shown to damage biological tissues exposed to high concentrations, and more than 50 years since it was implicated ...
Braima O - - 2008
New evidence-based guidelines have been launched with recommendations that may impact how resuscitations, particularly of LBW infants, are enacted. AIM: to determine current resuscitation practices in Maternity units in Ireland and benchmarked these results to a recent study in the United States. METHODS: A 20-question survey was developed and mailed ...
Schuette Dawn - - 2008
The John A. Williams Theatre at The Cobb Energy Centre for the Performing Arts is a facility that was designed to accommodate touring, large-scale musical theatre productions, such as presentations of off-Broadway shows, as its primary revenue source. The 2750-seat space has recently received rave reviews, not just for its ...
Janvier Annie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Legal and ethical standards require resuscitation when it is considered to be in the patient's best interest. We hypothesized that newborn infants might be dealt with according to different standards, compared with older patients. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire describing 8 currently incompetent patients with potential neurologic sequelae who required ...
Oguchi Keiji - - 2008
The Shenzhen Concert Hall complex opened in Shenzhen, China on October 12, 2007. The complex contains the Symphony Hall with 1,800 audience seats, the Theater Studio with 400 - 580 seats and some rooms for rehearsing. The Symphony Hall has a vineyard configuration with a steep audience block arrangement, called ...
Escobedo M - - 2008
The Neonatal Workgroup of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation recently made available their rigorous review of the scientific evidence base for selected neonatal resuscitation issues. The Neonatal Resuscitation Program guidelines have been recently revised based on that review and published as the Textbook of Neonatal Resuscitation, 5th edn. This ...
Marco Diana - - 2008
The metagenomics approach has revolutionised the fields of bacterial diversity, ecology and evolution, as well as derived applications like bioremediation and obtaining bioproducts. A further associated conceptual change has also occurred since in the metagenomics methodology the species is no longer the unit of study, but rather partial genome arrangements ...
Shearman Rebecca M - - 2008
Knowledge of amphibian shoulder development is requisite for further understanding of gnathostome pectoral girdle evolution. Fish and amniotes share few pectoral girdle elements, but modern amphibians exhibit a unique combination of traits that bridge the morphological gap between these two groups. I analyzed patterns of chondrogenesis, ossification, and bone histology ...
Vásquez Gissella M - - 2008
In social insects, individuals typically recognize and behave aggressively towards alien conspecifics, thereby maintaining colony integrity. This is presumably achieved via a nestmate recognition system in which cuticular compounds, usually cuticular hydrocarbons (CHC), of genetic and/or environmental origin serve as recognition cues. Most invasive populations of the Argentine ant, Linepithema ...
Cook A - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sapindaceae is one of 16 angiosperm families whose seeds have physical dormancy (PY). However, the extent and nature of PY within this family is poorly known. The primary aims of this study were: (1) to evaluate seed characteristics and determine presence (or not) of PY within nine ...
Kamlin C Omar F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of heart rate obtained by pulse oximetry (HR(PO)) relative to HR obtained by 3-lead electrocardiography (HR(ECG)) in newborn infants in the delivery room. STUDY DESIGN: Immediately after birth, a preductal PO sensor and ECG leads were applied. PO and ECG monitor displays were recorded by ...
Janvier A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Decisions about resuscitation of extremely premature babies are controversial. Such decisions may reflect poor understanding of outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare caregivers' attitudes towards the resuscitation of a premature infant if they are only told the infant's gestational age or if they are only given prognostic information for infants at ...
Shih Chun-Min - - 2008
A crystal violet (CV) standard was irradiated under a Hg-Cd lamp for different exposure times to obtain various N-demethylation products. CZE effectively separated the photodegradation products based on molecular weight differences. In contrast, micellar EKC (MEKC), using SDS as the surfactant, was ineffective because the binding constants of the demethylation ...
Badaly Daryaneh - - 2008
Traditionally, infant walking is characterized by small steps, attributed to limited balance control and strength. However, analyses of individual steps revealed that infants occasionally take large steps exceeding their leg length. These large steps provide evidence of advanced balance control and strength.
Pachl Max - - 2008
We present a case of a term neonate with hypovolemic shock after spontaneous vaginal delivery. Hemodynamic instability persisted despite resuscitation with packed red cells, fresh frozen plasma, and platelets. An ultrasound scan at 48 hours after birth followed by a computed tomographic scan demonstrated a splenic lesion and hemoperitoneum. She ...
Desbiens Norman A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The algorithms provided for advanced cardiac life support by the American Heart Association and the European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation for the diagnosis and treatment of pulseless electrical activity (PEA) correctly stress the importance of searching for potentially treatable causes, and suggest contributing factors that should be considered. ...
- - 2008
This Journal conference was the first to be held with a live audience. After the final faculty presentation, and in lieu of a conference summary from the guest editors, the conference faculty had a discussion session that addressed written questions from the audience. The moderators, Lewis Rubinson and Rich Branson, ...
Dowd Casimir L - - 2008
Zebularine (1-(beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-2-one) was studied as both a 2 '-deoxyribosyl 5 '-triphosphate derivative and as a template incorporated into an oligonucleotide. Using a novel pyrosequencing assay, zebularine acted as cytosine analog and was incorporated into DNA with a template pairing profile most similar to cytosine, pairing with greatest efficiency opposite guanine ...
Mulinacci Nadia - - 2008
The present paper reports on the production of anthocyanins and xanthones in different in vitro systems of Hypericum perforatum var. angustifolium (sin. Fröhlich) Borkh. Undifferentiated calli and regenerated shoots at different developmental stages were analyzed by applying an extractive and an analytical procedure capable of detecting and quantifying anthocyanins. The ...
O'Donnell Colm P F - - 2008
Since ancient times, various methods have been used to revive apparently stillborn infants; many were of dubious efficacy and had the potential to cause harm. Based largely on studies of acutely asphyxiated term animal models, clinical assessment and positive pressure ventilation have become the cornerstones of neonatal resuscitation over the ...
Ruonala Raili - - 2008
We investigated the short day (SD)-induced transition to dormancy in wild-type hybrid poplar (Populus tremula x P. tremuloides) and its absence in transgenic poplar overexpressing heterologous PHYTOCHROME A (PHYA). CENTRORADIALIS-LIKE1 (CENL1), a poplar ortholog of Arabidopsis thaliana TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1), was markedly downregulated in the wild-type apex coincident with SD-induced ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The issue of whether 21% O(2) is more effective than 100% O(2) for resuscitation of newborn infants remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: We have updated the systematic review and meta-analysis including all studies reporting resuscitation of newborn infants with 21 or 100% O(2). METHODS: Randomized or quasi-randomized studies of depressed newborn ...
Alvarez-Ayuso E - - 2008
The use of coal fly ash as a fluoride retention additive has been studied as a way of treating flue gas desulphurisation (FGD) gypsum for its disposal in landfills. With this end leaching studies following the standard EN-12457-4 [Characterization of waste- Leaching-Compliance test for leaching of granular waste materials and ...
Zhang Afang - - 2007
Three diastereomeric second-generation (G2) dendrons were prepared by using (2S,4S)-, (2S,4R)-, and (2R,4S)-4-aminoprolines on the multigram scale with highly optimized and fully reproducible solution-phase methods. The peripheral 4-aminoproline branching units of all the dendrons have the 2S,4S configuration throughout, whereas those units at the focal point have the 2S,4S, 2S,4R, ...
Hughes S M - - 2007
A term infant requiring resuscitation was found to have a false-positive color change on a colorimetric carbon dioxide device as a result of administration of epinephrine via an endotracheal tube. Using models of direct application and vapor exposure with a test lung, we discovered that epinephrine, atropine, infasurf and naloxone ...
Khanal S - - 2007
This study was designed to detect the sensitivity of different methods of eliciting knee jerks and to compare the conventional methods with the newly purposed maneuver. Knee jerk (a deep tendon reflex) was elicited in 123 apparently normal population (77 males and 46 females) with three different methods (1) without ...
Tajima O - - 2007
We report the first search for CP-violating decays of the Upsilon(4S) using a data sample that contains 535 x 10(6) Upsilon(4S) mesons with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e(+)e(-) collider. A partial reconstruction technique is employed to enhance the signal sensitivity. No significant signals were observed. We obtain ...
Boutros Rose - - 2008
The Cyclin-Dependent Kinase (CDK)-activating phosphatase CDC25B, localises to the centrosomes where its activity is both positively and negatively regulated by several kinases including Aurora A and CHK1. Our recent data also demonstrate a role for CDC25B in the centrosome duplication cycle and microtubule nucleation in interphase that appears to involve ...
Coffey P S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia, when a baby does not breathe at birth, is estimated to account for 23% of the approximately four million neonatal deaths that occur annually. Correct use of neonatal resuscitators is critical to lower neonatal mortality rates due to birth asphyxia. METHODS: In order to understand the context ...
Ibrahim Bicher Haj - - 2007
We present the study of the correlation between refractive index profiles and the optical response of rugate filters and multilayer mirrors. The conventionally used method in multilayer mirrors for ripple suppression in the passband will be compared with a similar simple method to remove the rugate filter sidelobes without apodization. ...
Warhonowicz M - - 2007
The hypsodont equine cheek tooth erupts continuously throughout life. The collagen fibers of the periodontal ligament (PDL) have to remodel constantly to allow the tooth to move in an occlusal direction. Remodeling of the collagen fiber bundles needs to be well-coordinated in order to maintain functional tooth support. The aim ...
de Almeida M F B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the need for resuscitative procedures at birth, in late prematures. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective cohort study enrolled all liveborn infants from 1 to 30 September 2003, with 34 to 41 weeks of gestation without congenital anomalies, born in 35 public hospitals of 20 Brazilian state capitals. Logistic regression ...
Rutherglen Chris - - 2007
Here we report experimental results for a carbon nanotube (CNT) based amplitude-modulated (AM) demodulator for modulation frequencies up to 100 kHz. Further, the CNT based demodulator was successfully demonstrated in an actual AM radio receiver operating at a carrier frequency of 1 GHz and capable of demodulating high-fidelity audio. The ...
Rushforth A W - - 2007
We explore the basic physical origins of the noncrystalline and crystalline components of the anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) in (Ga,Mn)As. The sign of the noncrystalline AMR is found to be determined by the form of spin-orbit coupling in the host band and by the relative strengths of the nonmagnetic and magnetic ...
Gill Andrew W - - 2007
AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the use of naloxone during neonatal resuscitation in Australia, and to assess this against the published guidelines for use. METHODS: The states of Queensland, South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory record the administration of naloxone in their statutory state perinatal ...
Morvan François - - 2007
This unit provides a modified phosphoramidite method to synthesize oligodeoxyribonucleotides onto a universal and reusable hydroxyl solid support thanks to the use of deoxyribonucleoside tert-butyl and cyanoethyl phosphoramidites. The nucleoside tert-butyl phosphoramidite allows the introduction of an H-phosphonate diester linkage using the phosphoramidite method. After elongation, the H-phosphonate diester linker ...
Lavoie Pascal M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: There is great debate regarding the extent of intensive care interventions for extremely premature newborns. In this report, we describe Canadian neonatologists' attitudes towards delivery room resuscitation decisions in neonates at the threshold of viability. METHODS: We interviewed neonatologists (N = 121) practising in Canadian tertiary care neonatal units ...
Singh Jaideep - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We assessed physician preferences and physician prognostic abilities regarding delivery room management of exceedingly low birth weight/short gestation infants. METHODS: We surveyed US neonatologists to assess their behavior in the delivery room when confronted with infants with gestational ages of 22 to 26 weeks. We identified 102 infants in ...
Coughlin Kevin W - - 2007
To describe resuscitation decisions and withdrawal of treatment practices in live-born infants at the extremes of prematurity at St Joseph's Health Care (London, Ontario). A retrospective chart review was conducted on all neonatal deaths between 22 weeks, zero days' and 25 weeks, six days' gestational age over an eight-year period. ...
Mendoza-Paredes Alberto - - 2008
To determine the effect of repeated intermittent apnea and resuscitation with 100% vs. 21% oxygen enriched gas on levels of key regulatory proteins contributing to cell death (Bax, Caspase-3) or protecting neurons from hypoxic/ischemic injury (Bcl-2, p-Akt, p-CREB). The anaesthetized, mechanically ventilated newborn piglets underwent 10 episodes of apnea with ...
Hirobe Tomohisa - - 2007
The slaty (Dct(slt)) mutation is known to reduce the activity of dopachrome tautomerase, which converts dopachrome to 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid in the pathway of eumelanin synthesis and to inhibit melanosome maturation in melanocytes. However, it is not known whether the inhibition of melanosome maturation in slaty melanocytes is developmentally regulated. To ...
Xue Hong - - 2007
The present study investigated the segmental discrepancy of the rat distal colonic anion transport induced by luminal forskolin and the possible underlying mechanisms using short-circuit current recording technique and comparative quantity real-time PCR analysis. Forskolin-induced I(SC) in the segment next to lymph node (DC(1)) and the segment 4 cm away ...
Nelson Scott A - - 2007
In budding yeast, the spindle position checkpoint (SPC) delays mitotic exit until the mitotic spindle moves into the neck between the mother and bud. This checkpoint works by inhibiting the mitotic exit network (MEN), a signaling cascade initiated and controlled by Tem1, a small GTPase. Tem1 is regulated by a ...
O'Donnell Colm P F - - 2007
Use of video recordings of newborn infants to determine: (1) if clinicians agreed whether infants were pink; and (2) the pulse oximeter oxygen saturation (Spo(2)) at which infants first looked pink. Selected clips from video recordings of infants taken immediately after delivery were shown to medical and nursing staff. The ...
Parer Julian T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to classify fetal heart rate (FHR) monitor patterns according to risk of fetal acidemia and risk of evolution to a more serious pattern and to use this information to construct a standardized process for FHR pattern management, with the ultimate aim of minimizing ...
Duran Ridvan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal care provided within the first few minutes of life plays a major role in the reduction of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) courses had been held since 1996. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the NRP on morbidity and mortality ...
Shoji Hiromichi - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathophysiology of disorders during pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period, but open questions exist on the effects of antioxidants, the role of oxidative stress during resuscitation and the antioxidative protection of human milk. RECENT FINDINGS: In a randomized controlled trial, fish ...
Jukkala Angela M - - 2007
Neonatal resuscitation is a complex procedure that requires the use of specialized knowledge and skills in an emotionally charged and stressful situation. Knowledge about neonatal resuscitation, frequent performance of skills, and comfort level with skill performance are dimensions of quality implementation of neonatal resuscitation. The Neonatal Resuscitation Index and Neonatal ...
Miller-Kittrell Mindy - - 2007
Human cytomegaloviruses (HCMVs) are important pathogens in immunocompromised patients and newborns. The viral chemokine, vCXCL-1, of the Toledo (Tol) strain of HCMV has been implicated in HCMV virulence. Chimpanzee CMV (CCMV) has several genes with similarity to the vCXCL-1(Tol) gene, UL146. In order to test whether the CCMV viral chemokine, ...
Liu Zhaoyang - - 2007
In this communication, we demonstrate that the electrospinning process with a side-by-side dual spinneret can be a simple approach for fabricating bicomponent TiO2/SnO2 nanofibers with controllable heterojunctions. Specifically, both of the TiO2 and SnO2 components in the nanofibers are fully exposed to the surface. This morphology fully utilized the photogenerated ...
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