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Ogunlesi T A - - 2012
Objective: To determine the prevalence, distribution and determinants of newborn apnea in a resource-constrained setting. Design: Retrospective study. Materials and Methods: Newborn babies who had apnea during hospitalization between January and December 2008 were studied. The sex, age and body weight, clinical conditions, etiologies of apnea and outcome were recorded. ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2012
KEY FINDINGS: Data from the Natality Data File, National Vital Statistics System The U.S. teen birth rate declined 9 percent from 2009 to 2010, reaching a historic low at 34.3 births per 1,000 women aged 15-19; the rate dropped 44 percent from 1991 through 2010. Teen birth rates by age ...
Gaias Larissa M LM Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, - - 2012
Cross-cultural differences in temperament were investigated between infants (n = 131, 84 Finns), children (n = 653, 427 Finns), and adults (n = 759, 538 Finns) from the United States of America and Finland. Participants from both cultures completed the Infant Behavior Questionnaire, Childhood Behavior Questionnaire and the Adult Temperament ...
Veal Gareth J - - 2012
The determination of appropriate dosing regimens for the treatment of infants and very young children with cancer represents a major challenge in paediatric oncology. Whereas dose reductions are commonplace for many chemotherapeutics in this patient group, the appropriateness of dose reductions for drugs is unclear when the limited number of ...
McLean L A - - 2012
SUMMARY:Unexplained SDH in infants and children is an accepted marker for AHT. It has been proposed that IVT may be the initiating event leading to the development of acute SDH, mimicking the appearance of traumatic SDH. Our study aims to investigate if nontraumatic IVT causes SDH in the pediatric population. ...
Rosebraugh Matthew R - - 2012
Preterm infants commonly develop anemia requiring red blood cell transfusions (RBCTx). Although an alternative therapy is recombinant human erythropoietin (Epo), it is not widely employed. To provide a rigorous scientific basis supporting the latter approach, a model-based simulation analysis of endogenous erythropoiesis was developed. The pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic (PK/PD) model identified an ...
Buekens Pierre - - 2012
There is abundant literature on the birth outcomes of women of Mexican origin living in the United States, but in most cases it does not refer to data available in Mexico. We conducted a systematic review of available data regarding low birthweight (LBW) rates in Mexico. We searched official online ...
Oygur Nihal - - 2012
Background:  NTISS is a therapy-based severity-of-illness index, This study was designed to evaluate whether a)NTISS with all parameters can predict the severity of illness with same accuracy both in VLBW and ELBW infants; b)the performance of NTISS can be increased by using only the significant variables. Methods:  All inborns of ...
Coulm Bénédicte - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of the French national screening program for 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD). Neonatal screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-OHD is mainly intended to prevent death due to salt wasting but remains controversial because of the number of false-positive results and the ease with which most ...
Bogen Debra L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to provide data to aid decision making regarding lithium use during lactation. Three women treated with lithium for bipolar disorder during pregnancy and lactation and their four infants provided lithium levels at 1 month postpartum. Infant levels ranged from 10% to 17% of maternal ...
Téglás ErnÅ‘ - - 2012
Recent evidence suggests that preverbal infants' gaze following can be triggered only if an actor's head turn is preceded by the expression of communicative intent [1]. Such connectedness between ostensive and referential signals may be uniquely human, enabling infants to effectively respond to referential communication directed to them. In the ...
Laguna Theresa A TA Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota School of Medicine and The Amplatz Children's Hospital, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. - - 2012
Rapid and reliable confirmatory sweat testing following a positive newborn screen (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) is preferred to allow for early diagnosis and to decrease parental anxiety. The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) recently recommended a quantity not sufficient (QNS) rate of ≤ 10% in infants <3 months of age ...
Scheumann Marina - - 2012
Human speech does not only communicate linguistic information but also paralinguistic features, e.g. information about the identity and the arousal state of the sender. Comparable morphological and physiological constraints on vocal production in mammals suggest the existence of commonalities encoding sender-identity and the arousal state of a sender across ...
Deierlein Andrea L - - 2012
Current validated neonatal body composition methods are limited/impractical for use outside of a clinical setting because they are labor intensive, time consuming, and require expensive equipment. The purpose of this study was to develop an anthropometric model to estimate neonatal fat mass (kg) using an air displacement plethysmography (PEA POD® ...
Singh Rajvir - - 2012
Data used in the present study are from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-I) 1992-93 (International Institute for Population Sciences 1995), India. Our study has developed Cox model analyses to see the effect of breastfeeding as a time-varying and time-dependent factor on birth spacing. While it is acknowledged that breastfeeding ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2012
Perinatal outcome data for 2010 reveal a continuation of the recent decline in total number of live births in South Dakota and an increase in the percent of low-birth-weight (LBW) newborns. This increase in LBW, apparent in both the very-low-birth-weight and mid-low birth-weight cohorts of newborns, contributed to an increase ...
Khalili Davood - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of cause of death stated in death certificates in Tehran using outcome measures of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS), an ongoing prospective cohort study. The cohort was established in 1999 in a population of 15005 people, 3 years ...
Clingerman Karen J - - 2012
Body condition scoring (BCS) is a subjective semiquantitative method of assessing body fat and muscle. Scoring systems use a scale in which the midrange represents optimal body condition, lower values represent lean to emaciated conditions, and higher values indicate excessive body fat. A valid BCS system is clearly described, relevant ...
Liao Wei - - 2012
Chinese primary care settings have a heavy patient load, shortage of physicians, limited medical resources and low medical literacy, making it difficult to screen for developmental disorders in infants. The Infant Neurological International Battery (INFANIB) for the assessment of neuromotor developmental disorders in infants aged 0 ~ 18 months is ...
Scarf Damian - - 2012
Are we born amoral or do we come into this world with a rudimentary moral compass? Hamlin and colleagues argue that at least one component of our moral system, the ability to evaluate other individuals as good or bad, is present from an early age. In their study, 6- and ...
Zmyj Norbert - - 2012
Infants' imitation of differently aged models has been predominately investigated with object-related actions and so far has lead to mixed evidence. Whereas some studies reported an increased likelihood of imitating peer models in contrast to adult models, other studies reported the opposite pattern of results. In the present study, 14-month-old ...
Weiner Leonard B - - 2012
Medicaid infants are at high risk of severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease. The study objective was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab in a Medicaid population. A societal cost-utility analysis was conducted of prophylaxis with palivizumab vs no prophylaxis among four groups of premature infants: (1) <32 weeks gestational ...
Cannon Erin N - - 2012
Predicting the actions of others is critical to smooth social interactions. Prior work suggests that both understanding and anticipation of goal-directed actions appears early in development. In this study, on-line goal prediction was tested explicitly using an adaptation of Woodward's (1998) paradigm for an eye-tracking task. Twenty 11-month-olds were familiarized ...
Kim Soo A - - 2011
To assess the relationship of scores on the test of infant motor performance (TIMP), with those on the Bayley scales of infant development (BSID), and to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of TIMP and the optimal cut-off value of TIMP scores using ROC analysis. Seventy-six preterm and term infants were ...
Bothra Robin - - 2011
The aim of the study is to highlight genital dog bites in male infant and children in developing countries and their management. We managed three cases (9 months, 5 years, and 8 years) of genital dog bite between January 1997 and July 2008. Two had unprovoked stray dog bites and ...
Jones Wendy - - 2011
A perception of low milk supply is often cited as a reason to stop breastfeeding, though most mothers can produce more than enough with the right support and information. Domperidone may be used to promote lactation, and there is evidence to support its use. However, the many non-pharmacological ways in ...
Dailey Mary Ann - - 2011
Infant abandonment and the foundling wheel in 19th-century Italy.
Ramsay Sharon M - - 2011
Among obstetricians and neonatologists in administrative roles in New York City hospitals, a survey was initiated to compare the physicians' definitions of live birth and fetal death, the gestational age at which they consider infants viable, and the resuscitation practices of the neonatologists. The target survey population was 34 neonatologists, ...
Nakwan Narongsak N Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Hat Yai Medical Education Center, Hat Yai Hospital, Songkhla, Thailand. - - 2011
To evaluate the ability of the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-Version II (SNAP-II) to predict mortality in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). A prospective cohort study of 41 infants with PPHN admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit between June 2008 and March 2010, who underwent ...
Turker Gulcan - - 2011
Aims: To evaluate the use of the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology and Perinatal Extension (SNAPPE-II) identifying association with ARF and identifying newborns at risk for acute renal failure (ARF) prior to a rise in creatinine in newborns. Methods: Information on postnatal risk factors and SNAPPE-II on the first day ...
- - 2012
The degree to which infants' current actions are influenced by previous action is fundamental to our understanding of early social and cognitive competence. In this study, we found that infant gazing manifested notable temporal dependencies during interaction with mother even when controlling for mother behaviors. The durations of infant gazes ...
Prescott William A WA - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis is the leading cause of infant hospitalization in the United States. Prophylaxis with palivizumab is effective in reducing RSV hospitalizations in premature infants and in infants or children with chronic lung disease or congenital heart disease. Patients with CF or those who are immunocompromised may ...
Ter Horst Hendrik J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The neonatal acute physiology score, SNAP-II, reflects the severity of illness in newborns. In term newborns, amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG), is depressed following asphyxia. In preterm infants aEEG is discontinuous, and therefore more difficult to assess compared to term infants. AIMS: Our first aim was to investigate whether assessing ...
Campbell Douglas M - - 2011
Severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia continues to occur in healthy newborns. Recent guidelines have supported using transcutaneous devices in estimating bilirubin levels. Previous studies using these devices are limited. Newborns requiring serum bilirubin level measurements before hospital discharge were recruited prospectively. The agreement between a transcutaneous bilirubin (TCB) and total serum bilirubin ...
Bhalvani Chirag - - 2011
One thousand consecutive infants, 437 girls and 563 boys, attending their first DPT vaccination at a mean age of 48 days underwent ultrasonological screening of the hips by Graf's technique at the immunization clinic of a tertiary hospital in South India. Graf I (mature) hips were seen bilaterally in 925 ...
Mintz-Hittner Helen A HA Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston-Medical School, Houston, USA. - - 2011
Retinopathy of prematurity is a leading cause of childhood blindness worldwide. Peripheral retinal ablation with conventional (confluent) laser therapy is destructive, causes complications, and does not prevent all vision loss, especially in cases of retinopathy of prematurity affecting zone I of the eye. Case series in which patients were treated ...
Roescher A M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Placental pathology is associated with long-term neurological morbidity. Little is known about the association of placental pathology and illness severity directly after birth in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between placental pathology and illness severity in preterm infants during the first 24h after birth. STUDY DESIGN: Placentas ...
Carvalho Paulo Roberto Nassar - - 2011
Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the admission Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology - Perinatal Extension-II (SNAPPE-II) to predict adverse outcome among premature very low birth weight (BW) infants with abnormal Doppler blood flow in the uterus secondary to severe placental insufficiency of ...
Woodward B J - - 2011
For infants born with extremely low birth weight (ELBW), we examined the (1) correlation between results on the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) and the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II (BSID-II) at 18 to 22 months corrected age; (2) degree to which earlier ASQ assessments predict later BSID-II results; (3) ...
Gonçalves Vera Lúcia Maria Alves - - 2011
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of vertical HIV-1 transmission in the western region of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The study analyzed the medical records of HIV-1-infected mothers and infant pairs living in the municipalities of São Paulo Regional Health Departments DRS II (Araçatuba) and DRS XI ...
Azakie Anthony - - 2011
Bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis has been performed without cardiopulmonary bypass for some single-ventricle heart defects. Limited data are available for the outcomes of off-pump bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The purpose of this study is to determine the early outcomes for stage II palliation of hypoplastic ...
Tsai Chen-Yen - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and human growth hormone (h-GH) have been recognized as therapeutic targets for the heart disease therapy. The bioavailability and actions of insulin-like growth factors-II (IGF-II) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) are important for embryonic development and cardiomyocyte differentiation as ...
Ng Benton - - 2011
Percutaneous closure of a tubular patent ductus arteriosus can be challenging in the infant and small child. In this report, we describe the successful closure of tubular patent ductus arteriosus with the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II in two patients, ages 3 months and 13 months.
Ramakrishnan Sivasubramanian - - 2011
Postoperative residual ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are often percutaneously closed using septal occluder devices. However, their use is not advisable in small infants, because of poor outcome. We describe the successful device closure of a residual muscular VSD with an Amplatzer Duct Occluder II (ADO II) device in a child ...
Lee Dominic S - - 2011
Aim. To explore the potential usefulness of the mean, standard deviation (SD), and coefficient of variation (CV = SD/mean) of oximeter oxygen saturations in the clinical care of preterm babies. Methods. This was an exploratory investigation involving 31 preterm babies at 36 weeks postmenstrual age. All babies were healthy, but ...
Magwali T L - - 2011
To determine the completeness and usefulness of the maternal death notification system in Zimbabwe for the year 2006. As part of the Zimbabwe Maternal and Perinatal Mortality Survey (ZMPMS) maternal death notification forms lodged at the national and provincial levels were collected and analyzed. Data was entered into Stata version ...
Matshes Evan W - - 2010
The discovery of acute rib fractures in deceased infants and young children can be unsettling. Although significant injuries may occur subsequent to resuscitative efforts in adults, it is well documented that such injuries are rare in much younger individuals. In particular, it is considered exceptional for rib fractures to follow ...
Wang Enbo - - 2010
We describe psoas abscess with concomitant septic hip arthritis in 2 infants, 3 and 7 months old. The common clinical features were a palpable mass in the inguinal region, irritable hip, and delayed treatment. The diagnosis of septic hip was delayed in one child, and they both had residual hip ...
Hübler M - - 2010
A 5-week-old preterm infant was scheduled for inguinal hernia repair. Following induction of general anaesthesia, 10 mg.kg(-1) ropivacaine was injected, accidently, into the caudal space. The infant developed cardiac depression with bradycardia (minimum heart rate 50 beats.min(-1) ), elevated T waves and widening of QRS complexes. Resuscitation by means of ...
Akcakus Mustafa - - 2010
Neonates born to mothers with preeclampsia are known to be associated with lipid alterations that might increase the risk for cardiovascular disease in adult life. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of preeclampsia on lipid metabolism, aortic intimamedia thickness (aIMT) and subsequent atherogenic risk in newborn ...
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