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Moultrie Tom A - - 2012
We investigated birth-interval dynamics in 24 African countries using data from 76 Demographic and Health Surveys conducted since 1986. Controlling for selection bias in the birth-history data using the Brass-Juárez method and regression models produced almost identical results. Birth intervals have lengthened in every country examined. This analysis uncovered a ...
Prieto Carlos Lobete - - 2012
Objective To identify the variables associated with sepsis-associated mortality, as well as to develop a severity risk score to predict death in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates affected by nosocomial sepsis.Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Infants weighing ≤1500 g with neonatal sepsis of nosocomial origin were included. Epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory ...
Morgan Catherine J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the epidemiology of and identify risk factors for neonatal cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CS-AKI) and determine its impact on clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Using secondary analysis of data from an ongoing multiprovincial prospective cohort study, we studied 264 neonates undergoing complex cardiac repair. CS-AKI was defined ...
Marjanovič-Umek Ljubica - - 2012
ABSTRACT A large body of research shows that vocabulary does not develop independently of grammar, representing a better predictor of the grammatical complexity of toddlers' utterances than age. This study examines for the first time the characteristics of vocabulary and grammar development in Slovenian-speaking infants and toddlers using the Slovenian ...
Mahle William T WT Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and Emory University School of Medicine, 1405 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2013
Neurodevelopmental outcomes after the Norwood procedure for single right ventricular lesions are worse than those in the normal population. It would be valuable to identify which patients at the time of Norwood discharge are at greatest risk for neurodevelopmental impairment later in childhood. As such, this study sought to construct ...
Frisman Gunilla H - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  To explore and describe the experience of becoming a grandmother to a premature infant. Background.  Becoming a grandmother involves a new perspective of life. Grandmothers of sick infants find themselves in a new situation with an adult child undergoing serious stress. Few studies have approached the grandmothers' ...
Baker Erika - - 2012
Extremes in fearful temperament have long been associated with later psychopathology and risk pathways. Whereas fearful children are inhibited and anxious and avoid novel events, fearless individuals are disinhibited and more likely to engage in aggressive behavior. However, very few studies have examined fear in infants from a multimethod and ...
Gonda Xenia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Birth season has well-known effects on neuropsychiatric disorders, and may also influence genotype distribution by possibly influencing chance of conception via parental idiosyncratic conception patterns or survival of foetuses or infants. The 5-HTTLPR is associated with phenomena including affective temperaments or suicide which are also associated with birth season. ...
Nyarko Kwame A KA Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2013
To evaluate if the association between prenatal care use and birth weight (BW) varies for infants with cleft lip and/or cleft palate (CL/P), classified into isolated and non-isolated forms, compared with unaffected infants. The study employed 2 datasets. The first included a multi-country sample of 2405 infants with CL/P and ...
Ramchandani Paul G - - 2013
Factors related to parents and parenting capacities are important predictors of the development of behavioural problems in children. Recently, there has been an increasing research focus in this field on the earliest years of life, however, relatively few studies have addressed the role of fathers, despite this appearing to be ...
Chawla Sanjay - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The ability of clinicians to predict successful extubation in mechanically ventilated premature neonates is limited. Identifying objective criteria for predicting successful extubation may reduce the incidence of failed extubation and the duration of mechanical ventilation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of objective measures of lung function and spontaneous breathing ...
Wu Tai-Wei - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of hepcidin, a potent regulator of host defense and inflammation, in the diagnosis of late-onset sepsis in very low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: We compared the diagnostic performance of hepcidin with C-reactive protein from the serum concentrations in acute and convalescent blood specimens obtained ...
Howard Elizabeth J - - 2012
There is growing interest in the application of propensity scores (PS) in epidemiologic studies, especially within the field of reproductive epidemiology. This retrospective cohort study assesses the impact of a short interpregnancy interval (IPI) on preterm birth and compares the results of the conventional logistic regression analysis with analyses utilizing ...
Yang Hong - - 2012
A deviant motor behaviour at age 3 to 5 months is predictive of cerebral palsy (CP). Particular features of the early motor repertoire even proved predictive of the degree of functional limitations as classified on the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) in children with CP, born preterm. We aimed ...
Trotman H - - 2012
Neonatology has rapidly grown over the past few years to its present status of a highly technologically driven specialty. Centres in resource restricted countries tend to adopt management guidelines from the developed world and integrate them into local practice. Although international neonatal practices have influenced neonatal care at the University ...
Granot Shiri - - 2012
Fluctuations of physiologic parameters in extremely preterm infants may significantly affect their cerebral activity. This study assessed the correlation between blood gas indices and other clinical parameters with cerebral activity, as recorded by amplitude integrated electroencephalography in the first three days of life of a prospective cohort study of infants ...
Greene Michelle M - - 2012
This study investigates the Third Edition of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Bayley-III) and: (1) early patterns of neurodevelopmental performance among preterm infants 8-12 months of age; and (2) correlations between known risk factors and neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants in this cohort. Mean Language Index (LI; ...
Lee Wayne - - 2012
Aim  The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of undertaking visual functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in very preterm children. Method  Forty-seven infants born at less than 32 weeks gestational age (25 males, 22 females; mean (SD) age at birth 28.8wks [1.9]) were scanned using 1.5T MRI as ...
Zmyj Norbert - - 2012
Previous research reports mixed results concerning infants' differential interest for a specific age group. Most of these findings are based on studies using static photographs and drawings as stimuli. Moreover, only behavioral data were used to investigate infants' attentional preferences. In the present study, we showed video sequences of differently ...
Wallez Catherine - - 2012
Infant distress calls are vocal communicative signals present in most animals. In nonhuman primates, they correspond to critical vocalizations for caregiving and contribute to the socio-emotional development of the individual. To our knowledge, no systematic study on the development of oro-facial hemispheric specialization in nonhuman primates infants is available. Thus, ...
Ambalavanan Namasivayam - - 2012
Methods are required to predict prognosis with changes in clinical course. Death or neurodevelopmental impairment in extremely premature neonates can be predicted at birth/admission to the ICU by considering gender, antenatal steroids, multiple birth, birth weight, and gestational age. Predictions may be improved by using additional information available later during ...
St Pierre Astrid E - - 2012
The prevalence of pediatric feeding and swallowing disorders is high in the special needs population. Videofluoroscopic feeding studies (VFFS) are used to assess feeding, but the accurate interpretation of VFFS depends on consistent use of terminology for describing a physiological swallow. No consensus exists regarding the terminology used for reporting ...
Rodrigues Mirella - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess differentials in official birth and death data for estimating infant mortality. METHODS: An ecological study was conducted based on data obtained from birth and death information systems in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil, between 2006 and 2008. The following indicators were used: age-standardized mortality rate, relative ...
Zepeda-Romero Luz Consuelo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To retrospectively validate the WINROP (weight, insulin-like growth factor I, neonatal, retinopathy of prematurity [ROP]) algorithm in identification of type 1 ROP in a Mexican population of preterm infants. METHODS In infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at Hospital Civil de Guadalajara from 2005 to 2010, weight ...
Martín-González Jesús A - - 2012
Studying the emergence of distinctive human growth patterns is essential to understanding the evolution of our species. The large number of Neandertal fossils makes this species the best candidate for a comparative study of growth patterns in archaic and modern humans. Here, Neandertal height growth during infancy and early childhood ...
Peterson-Carmichael Stacey L - - 2012
Whether defined as chronically critically ill, long-term mechanical ventilator dependent (or otherwise chronically medically supported), or medically fragile, a population of infants and children with chronic illness clearly exists. Infants and children with chronic healthcare needs are at an increased risk for physical, developmental, behavioral, and/or emotional conditions and generally ...
Cohen-Wolkowiez Michael - - 2012
Piperacillin is often used in preterm infants for intra-abdominal infections; however, dosing has been derived from small single-center studies excluding extremely preterm infants at a highest risk for these infections. We evaluated the population pharmacokinetics (PK) of piperacillin using targeted sparse sampling and scavenged samples obtained from preterm infants ≤ ...
Bucher Brian T - - 2012
Our goal is to identify the impact of time to surgical intervention on the outcomes of infants with gastroschisis. After institutional review board approval, we performed a retrospective review of the medical records of all infants admitted to our institution from 2001 to 2010. Transport, bowel stabilization, and closure times ...
Jennekens Ward - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the electroencephalography (EEG) burst frequency spectrum of preterm infants by automated analysis and to describe the topography of maturational change in spectral parameters. METHODS: Eighteen preterm infants <32weeks gestation and normal neurological follow-up at 2years underwent weekly 4-h EEG recordings (10-20 system). The recordings (n=77) represent a ...
Begus Katarina - - 2012
In recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in the motivations behind, and the function of, infant pointing behaviour. Many studies have converged on the view that early pointing reflects a motivation to share attention and interest with others. Under one view, it is the sharing of attention ...
Avendano Mauricio - - 2012
Income inequality is strongly associated with infant mortality across countries, but whether this association is causal has not been established. In their commentary in this issue of Social Science & Medicine, Regidor et al. (in this issue) argue that this association has disappeared in recent years, and question the premise of ...
Hafström Maria - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:Infants who develop encephalopathy after perinatal asphyxia have an increased risk of death and adverse neurologic outcome. Conflicting results exist concerning outcome in healthy infants with metabolic acidosis at birth. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether metabolic acidosis at birth in term infants who appear healthy ...
Standing Joseph F - - 2012
Detailed oseltamivir pharmacokinetics have yet to be reported in neonates and infants; this group is at high risk of serious influenza-associated complications. Extrapolation of doses from older patients is complicated by rapid organ and drug-metabolizing enzyme maturation. A pharmacokinetic study has been conducted during an influenza A(H1N1) outbreak in a ...
Kaczmarek Jennifer - - 2012
BackgroundA spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) has been used to guide suitability of extubation in VLBW infants. Respiratory variability (RV) has been used to assess extubation readiness in adults but was never investigated in preterms. The combination of a SBT and RV may further improve prediction of successful extubation.Study designUsing data ...
Gill Brendon D - - 2012
A method for the routine determination of 5'-mononucleotides (uridine 5'-monophosphate, inosine 5'-monophosphate, adenosine 5'-monophosphate, guanosine 5'-monophosphate, and cytidine 5'-monophosphate) in infant formula and adult nutritionals is described. After sample dissolution and addition of internal standard, potential interferences were removed by anion-exchange SPE followed by HPLC-UV analysis. Single-laboratory validation performance parameters ...
White Crh - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: White C, Doherty D, Kohan R, Newnham J, Pennell C. Evaluation of selection criteria for validating paired umbilical cord blood gas samples: an observational study. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03308.x. Objective  To compare six validation criteria for umbilical cord blood gas (UCBG) values in vigorous and ...
Woelker Jennifer U - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Febrile infants younger than 60 days are at risk for serious bacterial infections (SBIs) and often undergo extensive laboratory investigation and hospitalization. We aim to determine the diagnostic value of serum procalcitonin (PCT) concentration for identification of febrile infants at low risk for SBI in comparison to the Rochester ...
Aubret Fabien - - 2012
Abstract Mean adult size has been used as the traditional measure of body size to explain trends of insular gigantism and dwarfism in a wide array of taxa. However, patterns of variation in body size at birth have received surprisingly little attention, leaving open the possibility that adult body-size differences ...
Bondy Matthew - - 2012
A finite element/multi-body model of a newborn infant has been developed by researchers at the University of Windsor. The geometry of this model is derived from a Nita newborn hospital training mannequin. It consists of 17 parts: eight upper and lower limb segments, the torso, head, and a seven-segment neck ...
Hutson Janine R - - 2012
There is a lack of high-quality data regarding optimal chemotherapy dosage regimens among infants. Dosing regimens for chemotherapy during the first year of life are commonly based on empiric recommendations extrapolated from older children; however, balancing efficacy and toxicity is critical as severe adverse drug reactions may lead to treatment ...
Thankavel P P - - 2012
Objective:To determine the accuracy of the patent ductus arteriosus:left pulmonary artery ratio (PDA:LPA) on echocardiogram (ECHO) at 3-day postnatal in predicting spontaneous PDA closure in neonates 30 weeks gestational age (GA).Study Design:ECHOs were performed at 72 h to characterize PDA size as closed-to-small (PDA:LPA <0.5) or moderate-to-large (PDA:LPA 0.5) and at 10 days ...
Krabbi Külliki - - 2012
Previous studies on the prevalence of mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) in different populations have shown considerable variations. There are, however, few data with regard to the prevalence of MPSs in Fenno-Ugric populations or in north-eastern Europe, except for a report about Scandinavian countries. A retrospective epidemiological study of MPSs in Estonia was ...
Ogunlesi T A - - 2012
Objective: To determine the prevalence, distribution and determinants of newborn apnea in a resource-constrained setting. Design: Retrospective study. Materials and Methods: Newborn babies who had apnea during hospitalization between January and December 2008 were studied. The sex, age and body weight, clinical conditions, etiologies of apnea and outcome were recorded. ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2012
KEY FINDINGS: Data from the Natality Data File, National Vital Statistics System The U.S. teen birth rate declined 9 percent from 2009 to 2010, reaching a historic low at 34.3 births per 1,000 women aged 15-19; the rate dropped 44 percent from 1991 through 2010. Teen birth rates by age ...
Gaias Larissa M - - 2012
Cross-cultural differences in temperament were investigated between infants (n = 131, 84 Finns), children (n = 653, 427 Finns), and adults (n = 759, 538 Finns) from the United States of America and Finland. Participants from both cultures completed the Infant Behavior Questionnaire, Childhood Behavior Questionnaire and the Adult Temperament ...
Veal Gareth J - - 2012
The determination of appropriate dosing regimens for the treatment of infants and very young children with cancer represents a major challenge in paediatric oncology. Whereas dose reductions are commonplace for many chemotherapeutics in this patient group, the appropriateness of dose reductions for drugs is unclear when the limited number of ...
McLean L A - - 2012
SUMMARY:Unexplained SDH in infants and children is an accepted marker for AHT. It has been proposed that IVT may be the initiating event leading to the development of acute SDH, mimicking the appearance of traumatic SDH. Our study aims to investigate if nontraumatic IVT causes SDH in the pediatric population. ...
Rosebraugh Matthew R - - 2012
Preterm infants commonly develop anemia requiring red blood cell transfusions (RBCTx). Although an alternative therapy is recombinant human erythropoietin (Epo), it is not widely employed. To provide a rigorous scientific basis supporting the latter approach, a model-based simulation analysis of endogenous erythropoiesis was developed. The pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic (PK/PD) model identified an ...
Buekens Pierre - - 2012
There is abundant literature on the birth outcomes of women of Mexican origin living in the United States, but in most cases it does not refer to data available in Mexico. We conducted a systematic review of available data regarding low birthweight (LBW) rates in Mexico. We searched official online ...
Oygur Nihal - - 2012
Background:  NTISS is a therapy-based severity-of-illness index, This study was designed to evaluate whether a)NTISS with all parameters can predict the severity of illness with same accuracy both in VLBW and ELBW infants; b)the performance of NTISS can be increased by using only the significant variables. Methods:  All inborns of ...
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