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Wright S - - 1989
Twenty-one families of high-risk infants were followed at home after receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instruction prior to hospital discharge. Parents retained large amounts of theoretical knowledge about CPR up to 2 months following instruction. Skills were less well retained, but retention was better than reported for other lay groups.
Robak A - - 1989
In regio supraoptica there are nucleus paraventricularis, nucleus supraopticus, area hypothalamica anterior and nucleus suprachiasmaticus. These centers are more developed in hedgehog than in mole and common shrew. Area preoptica is divided into 4 parts (medial, lateral, periventricular and middle) from among the middle part in hedgehog is less developed ...
Kristensen G B - - 1989
In a randomised study of cervical smears after conization, the efficacy of the combined wooden spatula and cytobrush was compared with that of the combined wooden spatula and cotton swab. The conization technique involved a could knife and two Sturmdorf sutures. A total of 75 women participated, 57 had smears ...
Deswysen A G - - 1988
Six heifers (1/4 Brahman x 1/4 Jersey x 1/2 Angus, 290 kg avg wt) with ruminal, duodenal and ileal cannulas were given ad libitum access to a corn silage-based diet with or without 100 mg monensin.hd-1.d-1 in a two-period crossover design. There was no significant effect of monensin on voluntary ...
Chernick V - - 1988
To determine whether endogenous opiates play a role in the pathogenesis of perinatal asphyxia, a blinded clinical trial of naloxone, a competitive opiate receptor blocker, was undertaken in infants with low 1-minute Apgar scores. Of 85 infants with 1-minute Apgar score 0 to 3, 44 received an injection of naloxone ...
Okuno H - - 1988
The round window was studied in normal adult and infant temporal bones to provide a knowledge base for the study of congenital anomalies of the round window, and to determine whether the round window develops postnatally. Fifty-three temporal bones were studied. Specimens were processed histologically, sectioned horizontally, stained with hematoxylin ...
Kelly M E - - 1988
In bullfrog sympathetic B cells, axotomy decreases the amplitude and decay time of membrane afterhyperpolarization (AHP) and increases action potential (AP) duration. A second (test) axotomy, 7 days after an initial (conditioning) axotomy, did not amplify these changes. No recovery of AHP amplitude or AP duration occurred by 56 days ...
David R - - 1988
The recommended techniques for external cardiac compression during cardiopulmonary resuscitation of the newborn are reviewed. The American Heart Association advises the rescuer to depress the infant's midsternum with the index and forefingers. An alternative recommendation is to encircle the chest with both hands and appose the thumbs on the midsternum. ...
Smith M A - - 1988
This prospective study investigates the utility of a labor risk assessment instrument for the prediction and management of the low Apgar infant in the community hospital setting. Two hundred and fifty patients in labor were managed with a protocol involving initial and ongoing risk assessment throughout the course of labor ...
Pistofides G A - - 1988
The inefficiency of the Ayres Spatula in detecting abnormality in cervical cytology has been demonstrated recently in a number of trials. In a randomized single-blind trial we have compared the Multispatula with the Ayres Spatula in a group of 158 women who previously had abnormal smears and had been referred ...
Sillerud C L - - 1987
After the observation of 2 horses with uveitis on a horse farm in the Minnesota River valley, 100 horses from this geographic area were given ophthalmologic examinations and were evaluated serologically for leptospirosis. A statistically significant (P less than 0.001) association was observed between the finding of antibodies against Leptospira ...
Rose S R - - 1987
A 1-month-old infant suffered cardiac arrest shortly after presentation to the emergency department. The child had a history of heart disease treated with digoxin. The infant died despite intensive resuscitative efforts, including the use of digoxin-specific Fab antibodies. A brief discussion of this case and the use of digoxin-specific antibodies ...
Kanter R K - - 1987
Performance of mask-bag ventilation was evaluated on an infant resuscitation mannequin to resolve uncertainty regarding the proficiency of pediatric resuscitation personnel in this technique and to determine whether the type of resuscitation bag used would affect performance. Performance using a self-inflatable resuscitation bag was generally adequate. Forty-six of 50 operators ...
Tompkins R L - - 1987
Functional interpretations of the mediolateral elongation and superoinferior flattening of the superior pubic ramus of Neandertals require knowledge of its ontogeny. Metric comparisons between the La Ferrassie 6 Neandertal infant, aged 3-5 years, and a sample of modern infants reveal that the acetabulosymphyseal length of La Ferrassie 6, relative to ...
Adams M E - - 1987
Articular cartilage contains at least 2 proteoglycans (PGs) which aggregate with hyaluronate: one larger, richer in chondroitin sulphate (CSRPG); the other smaller, relatively richer in keratan sulphate (KSRPG). With maturation the ratio of CSRPG/KSRPG decreases. In order to test the hypothesis that osteoarthritic cartilage contains an increased amount of proteoglycans ...
Hoskyns E W - - 1987
Twenty two infants were resuscitated at birth using a face mask connected to an oxygen supply from a conventional resuscitaire. Intermittent finger occlusion provided the positive pressure within the mask. This method was apparently at least as effective as the best bag and mask systems and was convenient to use.
Maxwell L G - - 1987
The first few minutes after birth are a critical time of adaptation of the newborn infant to extrauterine life. The adequacy of that adaptation has been evaluated by means of the summed Apgar score. In preterm infants, Apgar score may correlate less with adequacy of cardiopulmonary function because of developmental ...
Soejbjerg J O - - 1986
The methods of Insall and Salvati, Blackburne and Peel, Caton and Laurin of assessing the vertical position of the patella, were applied on 200 normal knees. The indices for Insall and Salvati's, and Blackburne and Peel's methods were 1.07 +/- 0.25 and 0.78 +/- 0.19 respectively, independent of sex and ...
Weaver B M - - 1986
The neonatal death of calves and lambs is responsible for a heavy financial loss to the farming industry; respiratory failure accounts for 6 per cent of the post parturient deaths in lambs. A simple method of pulmonary resuscitation with expired air is described employing a device portable and simple enough ...
Phillips G W - - 1986
In a radiographic study of 55 infants with an age-range of 27 weeks' gestation to 13 months post-term, the centre of the heart was positioned under the lower third of the sternum in 48 cases. In 4 infants the position was slightly more cephalad, but still below the lower half ...
Field D - - 1986
The effectiveness of five neonatal/paediatric manual resuscitators was assessed in a group of babies born by caesarean section. Results showed that devices incorporating a large volume reservoir produced the greatest tidal volume, while those with smaller volume reservoirs could not be considered satisfactory for routine use during neonatal resuscitation.
Garland J S - - 1985
A four-month-old infant with myocarditis and supraventricular tachycardia was given intravenous verapamil (0.1 mg/kg). Immediately following the dosage, the patient developed cardiovascular collapse. Aggressive, appropriate cardiopulmonary resuscitative efforts--including ventricular pacing--failed to reverse verapamil-induced decompensation. Myocarditis may have been responsible for our failure to resuscitate this infant successfully. To our knowledge, ...
Nelson K E - - 1985
Two cases of neonatal listeriosis occurred in a hospital within a two-week period. Both infants were infected with the same organism, Listeria monocytogenes, type 1a, bacteriophage type 6 (lysotype 1652). Both infants were born in the same delivery room, 17 hours apart. The index patient became septic shortly after birth ...
Aylward P E - - 1985
The purpose of this study was to determine if the difference in transthoracic impedance produced by different coupling agents affects the success of shocks for defibrillation. Three different coupling agents, Harco pads (Hewlett-Packard), Littman pads (3M) and Redux paste (Hewlett-Packard), were assessed in 10 anesthetized dogs in which ventricular fibrillation ...
Selmayr E - - 1985
DesAA-fibrin Sepharose was produced by treating fibrinogen-Sepharose with batroxobin. DesAA-fibrin Sepharose was mixed with different concentrations of fibrinogen and at different ratios, and incubated with preactivated FXIII. After 2 hours at 37 degrees C, the Sepharose beads were separated by centrifugation and non-crosslinked fibrinogen was removed by twice times washing ...
Davies V A - - 1985
Twenty newborn infants with birth asphyxia were alternately assigned to ventilation with either the Samson or the Laerdal infant resuscitator. During resuscitation significantly greater percentage changes in pH (1,1% v. 0,2%; P less than 0,05), hydrogen ion concentration (-15,6% v. -2,1%; P less than 0,05) and partial arterial carbon dioxide ...
Parker J C JC - - 1985
A premature male infant survived for eight months with significant cardiorespiratory problems. He developed a sudden, unexplained cardiorespiratory arrest that required vigorous resuscitation with apparent electrical cardioversion. Subsequent postmortem examination demonstrated focal and confluent hemorrhages in the thoracic and lumbar cord. Care is advised in administering electrical cardioversion due to ...
Smith M - - 1985
Unanticipated perinatal catastrophe in a rural community hospital is responsible for the deaths of many potentially salvageable infants. An intrapartum risk scoring system was designed to help anticipate infants needing skilled resuscitation at the rural community hospital. Thirty-three percent of infants whose mothers scored as high risk (greater than or ...
Mateer J R - - 1985
Recent studies evaluating interposed abdominal compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (IAC-CPR) have demonstrated a significant increase in cardiac output, mean arterial pressure, and cerebral perfusion, as compared with standard CPR. A clinical evaluation of IAC-CPR effectiveness on resuscitation outcome has not been reported. A prospective randomized study comparing IAC-CRP with standard CPR ...
Smith A J - - 1985
Physicochemical properties of the soluble Mn2+-dependent adenylate cyclase (MnAC) in the blue fox testis were examined. MnAC activity in the cytosol fraction (106,000 g) migrated in a linear sucrose gradient as a single peak with a sedimentation coefficient (S20,W) of 4.2 Gel filtration on a Sephadex G-200 column revealed an ...
Milner A D - - 1984
The efficacy of facemask resuscitation was assessed by measuring the expiratory tidal volume during the first three inflations in nine babies with birth asphyxia and comparing the results with those obtained in a further nine babies resuscitated after endotracheal intubation. The facemask system was relatively inefficient, with tidal exchange less ...
Koppe J G - - 1984
Fifty-four infants born severely asphyxiated with birth weights of more than 2500 g and gestational ages older than 37 weeks were studied with help of careful review of the case files. To establish a relationship between the time elapsed after birth to spontaneous regular active respiration and later outcome, the ...
Issacman S H - - 1984
A 16-day-old male infant initially was in septic shock. Following intensive resuscitation, thrombohemorrhagic lesions developed over his extremities, except for the limb with an arterial line maintained by a continuous heparin sodium infusion. Blood and CSF cultures yielded group B beta-hemolytic streptococci. Results of laboratory studies and clinical appearance supported ...
Yasuma T - - 1984
Anomaloscopic color matching was performed in 57 protanomalous boys. The relative luminous efficiencies of their mothers were measured by flicker photometry to clarify the characteristics of protanomaly carriers. The sensitivity loss of protanomaly carriers in the long wave-length region had a highly significant correlation with the anomalous quotients ( AQs ...
Nyberg A V - - 1984
A diverse assemblage of exceptionally well-preserved microorganisms, including several previously unknown taxa, has been discovered in stromatolitic black chert from the ca. 680-790 Ma-old Min'yar Formation (Suite) of the southern Ural Mountains, USSR. Like most ancient and modern stromatolitic communities, the Min'yar microflora is dominated by filamentous and unicellular cyanobacteria. ...
Zarytova V F - - 1984
Phosphotriester condensation (RO)(R'O)PO-2 (PDE) + R"OH (RO)(R'O)(R"O)PO (PTE) in the presence of arylsulfonyl chloride (ArSO2Cl) as well as arylsulfonyl azolides proceeds in two steps as revealed by 31P NMR spectroscopy. Pyrophosphotetraester (PPTE) accumulates in over 80% yield in the first step and converts to PTE in the second one. Nucleophilic ...
Rayner C R - - 1984
General supportive measures, the ability to avoid infection, the natural tendency to improvement and the feasibility of major reconstructive procedures later suggest that neonatal limb ischaemia should be managed conservatively at first, despite an alarming appearance. The number of infants at risk, especially due to prematurity and effective resuscitation, is ...
Britton J R - - 1984
Perinatal asphyxia may occur prior to or at the time of birth, leading to hypoxia and acidosis with persistence of the fetal circulatory pattern. Resuscitation facilitates transition to the adult circulatory pattern by restoring normal oxygenation, ventilation, and perfusion. Assessment of the degree of asphyxia should utilize the Apgar score, ...
Greenberg I M - - 1984
The use of mechanical support for scissors during microsurgery reduces tremor and improves the surgeon's efficiency. Rotation of such a pair of mechanically supported scissors presents further improvements as it permits the surgeon to cut in all directions while reducing the need for time-consuming instrument transfers. Thus, one pair of ...
Poland R - - 1983
The long-term outcome of infants subjected to perinatal asphyxia can be improved if they are recognized as high risk before birth and managed so as to reduce the period of hypoxemia to a minimum. Prompt and effective resuscitation of asphyxiated infants at the time of birth can contribute much to ...
Hikal A H - - 1983
The effect of some formulation variables on the release of meprobamate from compressed tablets has been investigated. Possible interaction among the various variables was also studied. As a diluent, lactose produced a better dissolution rate than did starch. Tablets made with starch paste as the binder produced a faster release ...
Musci M N MN - - 1983
Sacrococcygeal teratoma is a rare cause of dystocia. Reported management strategies to date have yielded few viable infants. In this case report, the infant was partially delivered when extraction was halted. The infant was intubated and resuscitated while preparations for emergency cesarean section were being made. The infant was subsequently ...
Yanagisawa E - - 1983
Videolaryngoscopy is a most useful and effective method of evaluation and documentation of physiological and pathological conditions of the larynx. It is of great value for making accurate diagnosis and planning proper treatment. It permits instant and simultaneous voice and video recording and later analysis. Videolaryngoscopy can be accomplished with ...
Mayo P - - 1983
Spontaneous pneumothorax is more frequent during the newborn period than at any other time in childhood. Intubation, vigorous resuscitation, aspiration of meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and hyaline membrane disease have been associated most often with the occurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax; however, it may occur in the absence of any of these ...
Cavallaro D L - - 1983
In the 1980 Standards and Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiac Care, the recommended method for determining cardiac arrest in infants was changed from palpation of the apical impulse to palpation of the brachial pulse. The importance of adequately assessing the heart beat before initiating chest compressions due to ...
Warren C G - - 1982
The powered reclining wheelchair used by quadriplegic and other severely disabled people was studied to determine how the chair could be modified so that repeated recline would not produce shear forces that tend to cause the user to be relocated in the chair, limiting independent functioning. Three modifications of the ...
DePace N L - - 1982
A 27-year-old primigravida of 37 weeks' gestation suffered cardiopulmonary arrest after massive hemoptysis. After extensive advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation measures, it was thought that the mother could not be resuscitated and a cesarean section was performed. Immediately after delivery of the fetus, the mother's pulse was palpated, and both the mother ...
Greensher J - - 1982
The Committee on Accident and Poison Prevention of the American Academy of Pediatrics concurs with the American Heart Association and the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council recommendation that the relief of foreign body airway obstruction in infants and children should be achieved through a combination of back blows and ...
Hosking S W - - 1982
Three normal feet and three feet exhibiting talipes equino varus from infants were dissected and their anatomy studied and compared. The tibiae were immobilised in plaster and held in a bench clamp while the range of dorsiflexion (extension) was studied before and after immobilisation of either the medial or lateral, ...
Hashimoto K - - 1982
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CFR) was bioassayed and arginine vasopressin (AVP) radioimmunoassayed from punched-out hypothalamic nuclei. The highest concentration of CFR was found in the median eminence (ME), followed by the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), supraoptic nucleus (SON), suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), arcuate nucleus (ARC), dorsomedial nucleus (DMN) and ventromedial nucleus (VMN). The AVP ...
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