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Results 551 - 600 of 704
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Fost Norman - - 1994
The case described by Allen and colleagues is a good example of the value of molecular testing in the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis in a premature infant. Cystic fibrosis should always be high on the list of diagnoses in an infant who is failing to thrive despite adequate energy intake, ...
Hintermann B - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to determine tendon excursions resulting from selected foot movement and to derive moment arms with respect to the eversion-inversion and flexion-extension axes of the foot. A lower leg-holding device with 6 degrees of freedom was used for the in vitro investigation of 15 fresh ...
Kroll L - - 1994
A prospective study was devised to investigate how risk factors at delivery contribute to outcome at birth as measured by the type of resuscitation required ('skilled' or 'not skilled') and the Apgar score. In addition the number of unexpected 'crash calls' was recorded. In a 3-month sample, neonatologists attended 494 ...
Paterson S J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: For a newborn requiring positive-pressure ventilation (PPV), the American Heart Association recommends bag-and-mask ventilation, a challenging procedure for those inexperienced in neonatal resuscitation. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as an alternative method of airway management in neonates requiring PPV at ...
Schwab K O - - 1994
To analyse the degradation of adrenaline after cardiopulmonary resuscitation of preterm neonates, free and sulphoconjugated adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine were determined in 31 preterm neonates by a radioenzymatic method. Nine of the neonates received a high dose (250 micrograms/kg) of endotracheally administered adrenaline (1:1000); three of them had more than ...
Rowan-Szal G G Institute of Behavioral Research, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth - - 1994
Clients in a community-based methadone treatment program earned stars for attending counseling sessions as scheduled and for providing clean urines. These stars were later redeemed for contingent rewards (food or gas coupons or bus tokens) according to one of three randomly assigned reward schedules, including high reward (four stars per ...
Yeo C L - - 1994
This study addresses the dilemma of whether to attempt resuscitation of the previously undiagnosed fresh stillborn infant and evaluates factors predictive of survival and long-term outcome. We reviewed the clinical spectrum, immediate complications and long-term outcome of 45 successfully resuscitated apparently stillborn infants (34 term, 11 preterm) who were admitted ...
Sims D G - - 1994
One hundred and five infants treated with adrenaline or atropine, or both, as part of resuscitation on 124 occasions were studied retrospectively. Adrenaline was administered to 98 infants, in 40 of whom it was in combination with atropine, and seven infants received atropine alone. Twenty infants were treated solely on ...
Hoskins P R - - 1994
Detected back-scattered Doppler signal level was measured from the following filaments: braided silk filaments, nylon and O-ring rubber. The detected signal level fell with time from the point of immersion by 45-85% for the silk filaments and by 50% for the nylon, but did not change for the O-ring rubber. ...
O'Connor R L - - 1994
We report the case of a pregnant patient who suffered cardiac arrest and was initially unresponsive to resuscitative measures. Prompt emergent cesarean delivery of the infant was carried out, and both mother and infant were then successfully resuscitated. We believe that prompt cesarean delivery is the key to maternal and ...
Governatori M - - 1993
A new type of portable aspirator is described. The aspirator uses as a suction device a fan that normally cools computers, in conjunction with other structural elements especially designed to cope with the greater suction power available. The device proved to be efficient, strong, light, easy to use, and silent.
Riemer B L - - 1993
At three institutions, 71 humeral intramedullary nails were inserted into the shoulder; 67 were reviewed at 6 months and at completion of treatment. Fifty-one utilized the anterior acromial approach and 16 were inserted lateral to the acromion. Shoulder motion was rated as: excellent (asymptomatic and within 15 degrees of normal); ...
Arayne M S - - 1993
The in vitro release of erythromycin stearate in the presence of aluminium hydroxide, aluminium trisilicate, magnesium oxide, magnesium trisilicate, sodium hydrogen carbonate and a combination of aluminium hydroxide gel, magnesium hydroxide and dimethyl polysiloxane has been studied by the USP XX dissolution method. The dissolution of erythromycin was found to ...
Gryskiewicz J M - - 1993
A method to perform a cephalic trim of the lower lateral cartilages accurately by means of the endonasal approach is discussed. This allows for symmetry and confidence in leaving a substantial remaining strip of lower lateral cartilage.
Hiraiwa M - - 1993
Saposin B is involved in the hydrolysis of sulfatides, GM1 ganglioside, globotriaosylceramide, and several other sphingolipids and glycerolipids by lysosomal hydrolases. Saposin B is one of four small glycoproteins (saposins) derived from prosaposin. The carbohydrate chain of saposin B was removed and deglycosylated saposin B was characterized and compared with ...
Li J - - 1993
Measurements of electrical potential difference across isolated rabbit corneal endothelium (transendothelial electrical potential difference, TEPD) were used to evaluate the effect of two commonly used commercially prepared intraocular irrigation balanced salt solutions, BSS and BSS+, together with our own standard bicarbonate-containing control solution (BS). The highest and most durable TEPD ...
DeCato C M - - 1993
The Rorschach human movement (M) response has recently been debated (Exner, 1991a, Kramer, 1991a, 1991b) with additional wider implications for Rorschach psychology. The objective of this discourse is twofold: (a) to elaborate on the contributions of perceptanalysis (Piotrowski, 1957) to this debate and (b) to develop the thesis that diversity ...
Jain L - - 1993
The outcome of sick infants requiring transport to tertiary care centers is critically dependent on the stabilization of these infants at the hospital of delivery and the quality of care during transport. The American Heart Association/American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for neonatal resuscitation emphasize a structured, step-wise approach to resuscitation. ...
Finer N N - - 1993
The case of a premature infant ventilated for hyaline membrane disease and complicated by recurrent tension pneumopericardium requiring surgical drainage is reported. The infant improved but developed a tension hemopericardium following the removal of the surgical drain. He had cardiac arrest, responded to resuscitation and drainage of the tension hemopericardium ...
Thompson P J - - 1993
The records of 15 cases of hydrops fetalis consecutively delivered at our institution were reviewed to determine the accuracy of antenatal diagnosis and whether antenatal diagnostic techniques yielded information useful in predicting outcome. All 15 cases were detected antenatally, five were due to rhesus haemolytic disease and 10 were non-immune ...
Edlund C K - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to make an inventory of the slings available for person hoists, to describe them and to carry out biomechanical analyses of the sitting positions in different slings. On the Swedish market 18 different slings were available. Nine were photographed with a subject sitting in ...
Walden M - - 1993
Advances in perinatal technology have led to a preponderance of ethical dilemmas regarding the resuscitation of extremely preterm infants weighing between 500 and 750 grams. Although a review of the literature indicates poor outcomes in many of these infants, an equal number of studies documenting positive outcomes has been reported. ...
Meagher S - - 1993
Guidelines for duration of resuscitation of freshly-stillborn term infants and their long term outcome are unclear. The predictive factors of both cerebral palsy and early neonatal demise include Apgar scores of 3 or less at 10 minutes, perinatal acidaemia and neonatal seizures. We describe the case of severe perinatal asphyxia ...
Ho N K - - 1992
Innovations in perinatal care in the last decade, in particular delivery room resuscitations and advanced technologies have probably contributed greatly to improved survival of the small newborns. As a result, progressively smaller and less mature infants are being resuscitated; but some survive with severe neurodevelopmental handicap. There should be guidelines ...
Brion L P - - 1992
This paper provides guidelines to determine the differential diagnosis and treatment of sudden deterioration of an endotracheally intubated newborn infant. Since such an event is most often secondary to a mechanical problem, simple adjustment of the ventilator in response to blood gas analysis will only rarely be sufficient to stabilize ...
Krings F - - 1992
A prospective randomized study was performed to compare the results of piezoelectric extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) retreatment versus surveillance only in 50 patients with persistent caliceal stone fragments after primary ESWL for renal calculi. After a 3-month followup significant decreases in residual debris were observed in the retreated group, ...
Punia J S - - 1992
Disposition of (-)-norepinephrine and (-)-epinephrine in jejunum of WLH chicken was studied using oil-immersion technique. The relative rate of different routes of disposition of catecholamines was in the following order: for (-)-NE COMT greater than or equal to MAO greater than or equal to U2 greater than U1, for (-)-Epi ...
Howard C B - - 1992
We studied the ossific nuclei on radiographs of the feet of three stillborn infants, two with club feet, relating the size, position and alignment of each nucleus to the cartilaginous talus or calcaneum in which it lay. Anteroposterior projections of the nucleus of the talus show deformity of that bone ...
Kan L S - - 1992
The formation of the Dewar valence isomer of the pyrimidine(6-4)pyrimidone photoadduct of thymidylyl-(3'-5')-thymidine monophosphate (TpT) was investigated under different irradiation conditions. This photoproduct was generated on exposure of TpT to far-UV radiation. However, no detectable amount of the Dewar isomer or its precursor (pyrimidine(6-4)pyrimidone photoadduct) was observed following acetone photosensitization ...
Brown G G - - 1992
A technique was developed for restoring broken cytology slides so that they are close to their original condition and for making multiple slides from a single smear preparation. The method is applicable to both cytologic preparations and histologic sections. In this study the fragmented smear preparation was treated with Pro-Texx, ...
Sood S - - 1992
Of 191 patients with birthweight less than 1500 gm admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit in a 2-year period, 41 underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Eleven of 41 very low birthweight (VLBW) (27%) survived to be discharged. None of the infants who received CPR after 72 hours of life survived. ...
Bhutta Z A - - 1992
We reviewed our experience of meconium staining of liquor and meconium aspiration syndrome over a 33 month period. The clinical and radiological severity of disease was assessed in comparison with tracheal suction and resuscitation. Sixty (27%) of newborns with meconium stained liquor subsequently developed MAS. No association was found between ...
De Vuyst L - - 1992
Nisin production by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis NIZO 22186 was studied in batch fermentation using a complex medium. Nisin production showed primary metabolite kinetics: nisin biosynthesis took place during the active growth phase and completely stopped when cells entered the stationary phase. A stringent correlation could be observed between the ...
Lont J B - - 1992
A neurocomputer based on a high-density analog integrated circuit developed in a 3 mum CMOS technology has been built. The 1.6 mmx2.4 mm chip contains 18 neurons and 161 synapses in three layers, and provides 16 inputs and 4 outputs. The weights are stored on storage capacitors of the synapses. ...
Heinonen K M - - 1992
Successful cardioversion of ventricular tachycardia in a full-term male infant, born severely depressed by emergency Cesarean section 9 min after the mother was given bilateral paracervical bupivacaine blocks for pain relief during normal labor, is described. The apparently stillborn baby was resuscitated by conventional means until electronic heart monitoring revealed ...
Jain L - - 1991
To determine the outcome of apparently stillborn infants who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation, we studied the short- and long-term outcome of 93 infants who had an Apgar score of 0 at 1 minute of age and were resuscitated at birth. Sixty-two (66.6%) responded and left the delivery room alive; 26 (42%) ...
Willms C D - - 1991
This study compares the effect of pentafraction-Du Pont 6% (PF), albumin 5% (ALB), and Ringer's lactate (RL) on plasma volume (PV) expansion and survival in a lethal intestinal ischemic shock model. Shock was induced by exteriorizing the small intestines and occluding the mesenteric vessels for 75 min. Changes in PV ...
Lee C J - - 1991
The accepted standard for determining cardiac arrest in infants is the use of palpation of the brachial pulse to detect pulselessness. The investigators have observed that CPR-certified individuals have difficulty locating the brachial pulse in infants. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if a more effective way ...
Officer T M - - 1991
The Page-A-R.A.M.A. (Remote Automated Manuscript Advance) was designed and constructed to turn a single page of a standard sized book. The design is intended to fulfill the needs of a handicapped user who cannot turn the pages of a book. The user starts the procedure by triggering a switch, that ...
Paxton J M - - 1991
Approximately 85,000 neonates require delivery room resuscitation for birth asphyxia each year. Skillful, rapid interventions along with anticipation and preparation are needed to prevent adverse outcomes. The American Academy of Pediatrics and American Heart Association have developed a certification program for personnel functioning in this role. The components of resuscitation ...
Airede K I - - 1991
Over a 2-year period, there were 312 perinatal deaths. A total of 144 (46.2%) of these deaths were due to lack of or delayed resuscitation at birth. This group comprised 45 infants with multiple congenital abnormalities, 31 with severe birth asphyxia, 25 with meningomyelocele, 20 with infections and 15 with ...
Tai Y T - - 1990
A 23-year-old female was found unconscious and deteriorated rapidly to cardiac asystole. Prolonged resuscitation was required, and she remained in severe cardiogenic shock, despite high doses of positive inotropic agents. Massive beta-adrenoceptor blocker overdose was suspected (and subsequently confirmed). IV administration of glucagon was followed by prompt haemodynamic improvement and ...
Conroy R - - 1990
This paper describes the evaluation of a program designed to teach basic infant resuscitation skills to mothers during the period of postnatal hospitalization. Data collected from participants before and immediately after the program, and at six months, follow-up indicated that knowledge of resuscitation techniques had moderately improved, however there was ...
Sherrod L R - - 1990
The study of infant social cognition is the study of how human infants acquire information about people. By examining infants' sensory abilities and the stimulus characteristics of people, research can determine what information is available to infants from their social world. We can then consider what social environments are appropriate ...
Fleming M G - - 1990
Computerized image analysis was used to assess nuclear atypia in 24 dysplastic nevi (DN), 19 CN (CN), and five thin melanomas. DN were selected for the study using architectural criteria alone. Feulgen-stained, 6-um sections were analyzed with a microTICAS cytometer. At least 100 nuclei were measured in each case. The ...
Gershan W M - - 1990
The maturation of the process of spontaneous recovery from hypoxic apnea by gasping (autoresuscitation) was characterized in adult, weanling (18-22 d), and infant (5 and 10 d) BALB/c mice. ECG and respiration were recorded and hypoxic apnea was induced with 97% N2-3% CO2. Administration of 21% O2 at onset of ...
Roy R N - - 1990
Resuscitation of the asphyxiated infant is one of the great emergencies in medical practice. Properly done, it can save many lives and greatly reduce the morbidity resulting from hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy, but if it is ineptly performed, the effects of hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy may be accentuated, with resultant increased morbidity and even ...
Joseph R - - 1990
Birth asphyxia is frequent and often severe, occurring in about 10% and 1% respectively of all births; in a third it is unexpected. Delivery rooms must be organised and equipped and trained staff readily available so as to provide appropriate and timely resuscitation of the newborn. Simple procedures designed to ...
Kleber C J - - 1990
The population for this survey consisted of participants from a previous flossing study that employed crossover design in which subjects alternately used a floss-holding device or hand-held floss during consecutive two-month periods. Although both flossing techniques were equally successful in removing interproximal plaque and reducing gingivitis, at the end of ...
Weedn V W - - 1990
Unexplained retinal hemorrhages in infants are usually indicative of child abuse. We present the case of an infant with retinal hemorrhages following cardiopulmonary resuscitation, who had not been abused. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be added to the list of causes of retinal hemorrhages in infants and children.
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