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Results 501 - 550 of 695
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Ginsberg H G - - 1998
In the delivery room, pediatricians are frequently required to make immediate decisions about resuscitating infants. Is the baby too small, too immature, or too asphyxiated to be revived? To achieve the best outcome, resuscitation once initiated, must be performed expeditiously, safely, and with the utmost diligence. Not all the tools ...
Saugstad O D - - 1998
Of all newborn infants, 5% require some degree of basic life support at birth. Newborn resuscitation therefore is one of the most frequent procedures carried out in medicine. It is therefore important that the routines in use are evidence based. Newborn resuscitation can be divided into ten steps: (1) initial ...
Maseruka H - - 1998
PURPOSE: To examine pseudophakic/aphakic bullous keratopathy (PBK/ABK) human corneas for patterns of expression of tenascincytotactin (TN-C) variants known to mediate specific cellular functions, viz. anti-adhesion (high molecular mass (M(r))) and adhesion (low/intermediate M(r)). METHODS: PBK/ABK corneas were selected to encompass only those with bullae and without inflammation, scarring or neovascularisation. ...
Morgan J F - - 1998
This paper reports on a questionnaire study of psychiatrists' knowledge of DVLA and GMC guidelines on 'fitness to drive', following the distribution of a synopsis of the DVLA regulations by the DVLA and the Royal College of Psychiatrists. In the context of a high response rate (74%) the results indicated ...
Hoddle M S - - 1998
Encarsia formosa is a parasitoid used worldwide for the biological control of whiteflies on vegetables and ornamental plants grown in greenhouses. Because of outstanding success in controlling Trialeurodes vaporariorum on tomatoes, the biology and behavior of this wasp have been intensively studied to identify attributes that contribute to successful biological ...
Weidenspointner G - - 1998
The COMPTEL instrument onboard the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) has been used to measure the variation of the atmospheric neutron flux below 5 MeV as a function of vertical cutoff rigidity and spacecraft orientation at an altitude of 450 km. The instrumental 2.2 MeV background line, resulting from thermal ...
Petje G - - 1997
We analyzed standardized radiographs of 45 feet in 41 patients with symptomatic hallux valgus and an intermetatarsal angle of 17 (15-23) degrees 15 (9-24) months after distal metatarsal osteotomy and lateral soft-tissue releases. A mean reduction in the II-intermetatarsal angle of 12 degrees and hallux valgus angle of 24 degrees ...
Zhang J - - 1997
ABSTRACT Production of polygalacturonase (PG), a cell wall-degrading enzyme, by Phomopsis cucurbitae (latent infection fungus) was studied in relation to different carbon sources and various stages of cantaloupe fruit development. P. cucurbitae produced multiple PG isozymes both in vitro and in vivo. The fungus produced the highest PG activity and ...
Barrett M A - - 1997
Cefuroxime axetil, the orally active prodrug of cefuroxime is marketed as a 1:1 mixture of two diastereomers designated as R (1'R, 6R, 7R) and S (1'S, 6R, 7R). Prodrug hydrolysis is thought to occur during intestinal absorption, however little is known concerning the relative availability of cefuroxime from each isomeric ...
Roth B - - 1997
Undetected displacement of the endotracheal tube may lead to death of the patient. The present report illustrates the benefits of using a disposable carbon dioxide detector, designed for adults, also in a new-nate during resuscitation. The infant had asystole after delivery by caesarean section. The trachea was intubated, but the ...
Shukla H K - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To create a simple and accurate method of predicting the correct insertional length of endotracheal intubation during resuscitation of neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Phase I of the study enrolled infants that required either orotracheal or nasotracheal intubations. The endotracheal tube position was confirmed by auscultation and radiographic images. Three regression ...
Browne G J - - 1997
Children with significant envenomation require early first aid, resuscitation, and the administration of antivenom at the earliest possible time to survive. The case of a nine-month-old infant with life-threatening massive envenomation from the Sydney funnel-web spider (Atrax robustus) is presented. The infant was administered life-saving first aid (pressure immobilization bandage) ...
Kamenir S A - - 1997
Neonatal resuscitation methods vary in developing countries. This study describes the delivery experience at one rural Kenyan mission hospital, retrospectively analysing delivery data and newborn outcomes for a 12-month period, and prospectively characterizing neonatal resuscitation practices. Thirty-six of 878 newborns (4 per cent) suffered unfavourable outcomes, significantly associated with caesarean, ...
Sunde K - - 1997
The quality of mechanical CPR (M-CPR) was compared with manual standard CPR (S-CPR) and active compression-decompression CPR (ACD-CPR) performed by paramedics on the site of a cardiac arrest and during manual and ambulance transport. Each technique was performed 12 times on manikins using teams from a group of 12 paramedic ...
Holmström M - - 1997
The angular velocities of the hindlimb angles of 14 horses, including 6 Grand Prix dressage horses, 4 horses judged as good at the trot and 4 horses judged as poor, were analysed. The horse material was the same as previously used by Holmström (1994) in studies on conformation and trotting ...
Matsubara K - - 1997
Two term and one post-term newborn infants with pneumomediastinum associated with the use of an Elder CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)/demand valve during resuscitation are described. Because of apnea or irregular gasping respiration after vaginal delivery, they received repetitive positive-pressure ventilation with this resuscitator, which is designed to provide 100% oxygen with ...
Tanaka M - - 1997
We report a case of an infant with a diagnosis of Arnold-Chiari malformation who developed acute cardiovascular collapse during posterior fossa decompression surgery. Haemodynamic manifestations were hypotension and bigeminy characterized by resistance to conventional resuscitation. The aetiology was considered to be due to brainstem compression exerted to control surgical bleeding ...
Wilson-Davis S L - - 1997
The current recommendation for resuscitation of infants is to blow air into both the nose and mouth. We have observed that mothers cannot cover both the nose and mouth of their infants. We compared postmortem tracheal and esophageal air entry by using the nose, combined nose and mouth, and mouth ...
Metzger M - - 1996
The mediorostral neostriatum/hyperstriatum ventrale (MNH) and neostriatum dorsocaudale (Ndc) of the domestic chick are crucially involved in auditory filial imprinting, whereas the lobus parolfactorius (LPO) seems to be involved in the emotional modulation of behavior. Because there is evidence that MNH and Ndc are akin to higher association areas in ...
Kitaoka S - - 1996
Theanine, L-N-ethylglutamine, is one of the major components of amino acids in Japanese green tea. To characterize the mode for intestinal absorption of theanine, the ionic dependency and kinetic properties of the theanine- and glutamine-evoked transmural electrical potential difference changes (delta PD) were investigated in vitro by using everted sacs ...
Kitchin L W - - 1996
Preterm infants frequently require resuscitation in the delivery room. Under the intense circumstances of providing lifesaving interventions, caregivers may be unaware of the amount and kind of touch an infant receives. The purpose of this qualitative, ethologic study was to describe the kinds of touch that occur during resuscitation of ...
Arya R - - 1996
AIMS: To determine the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of a cohort of very low risk pregnancies in hospital, that would be suitable for home delivery. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken of computerised records covering five years from July 1988 to August 1993 of 32424 pregnant women who delivered at ...
Vasavada A R - - 1996
We describe a variation of stop and chop phacoemulsification. During chopping the chopper's vertical element is depressed posteriorly toward the optic nerve and is placed well within the capsulorhexis margin, leading to in situ chopping. Each fragment is continuously chopped, and the small pieces are stuffed inside the phaco probe ...
Kazemi R B - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Nickel-titanium endodontic files are more flexible than stainless steel. Little information is reported concerning machining efficiency and wear resistance of nickel titanium. This study assessed the dentin-machining ability and wear resistance of nickel titanium endodontic files in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: The method described earlier to assess machining efficiency and ...
Phillips W R - - 1996
Fractionation of the MeCOEt extract of Mimulus clevelandii yielded the novel 4-geranyl-5-hydroxy-2(3H)-benzofuranone (1) and the five known 6-geranylflavanones diplacone (2a), 3'-O-methyldiplacone (2b), diplacol (2c), mimulone (2d), and 3'-O-methyldiplacol (2e). 2D-NMR methods required revision of assignments for diplacone and diplacol and resolved the uncertainty in the site of methylation for the ...
Qazzaz H M - - 1996
Digoxin-like immunoreactive factor (DLIF) from adrenal cortex is an endogenous molecule with structural features remarkably similar to those of digoxin, a plant-derived cardiac glycoside (Shaikh, I. M., Lau, B. W. C., Siegfried, B. A., and Valdes, R., Jr. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 13672-13678). Two characteristic structural and functional features ...
Wolber G - - 1996
The design and construction of a new fast neutron facility and first dosimetric results obtained from seven neutron beams are presented. The neutrons are produced by bombarding beryllium targets with protons and deuterons from our K = 32 negative ion cyclotron. The dose rate in air 1 m distance from ...
Wolf A R - - 1995
S.c. infusions of morphine have been advocated for postoperative analgesia in children, but experience with this technique is limited. We report a case in which an s.c. infusion of morphine given after operation to a neonate failed to provide acceptable analgesia until the child had been adequately rehydrated. However, restoration ...
McMahan M J - - 1995
Hydrops fetalis is a relatively rare disorder that will be encountered occasionally in all obstetric centers. The prognosis for infants with hydrops fetalis is poor, with mortality reported in the range of 50% to 98%. The effectiveness of delivery room resuscitation and the ability to achieve early adequate gas exchange ...
Hempel F D - - 1995
Within wild-type Arabidopsis populations, a subset of the plants were found to have a single chimeric shoot on their primary shoot axes. The chimeric shoots were located below the lowest primary-axis flower; and they exhibited features of both flowers and paraclades (lateral flowering shoots). Morphological analyses of chimeric shoots indicated ...
Pieper S P - - 1995
PURPOSE: This is a prospective study of the efficacy of three different techniques of triple gloving during the application of Erich arch bars. Two different cut-resistant glove liners and three layers of latex gloves were compared with double gloving. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty patients underwent Erich arch bar placement from ...
Marei M K - - 1995
A fundamental principle in clasp selection for a specific abutment is the reduction of the transmission of excessive forces to that abutment. The flexibility of a clasp was believed to directly affect the reduction of such forces. This study compares the average measurements of forces required to dislodge two kinds ...
Pochatko D J - - 1995
Retrograde intramedullary rodding from the calcaneus, through the talus, and into the tibia is currently an evolving procedure being used for salvage of severe foot/ankle deformity, arthritis, tumor, and instability. In this study, retrograde rodding was performed on six cadaver specimens. The specimens were then dissected to determine the subcalcaneal ...
Cross A R - - 1995
Analysis of potentiometric titrations of the cytochrome b-245 from a X+ chronic granulomatous disease patient with an Arg54 --> Ser mutation in gp91phox indicates that the mutant form of the cytochrome contains two nonidentical hemes with midpoint potentials of Em7 = -220 and Em7 = -300 mV. In the light ...
Wong M J - - 1995
Approximately 500,000 deaths per year are the results of coronary artery disease. Many of these deaths can be prevented by prompt action to provide basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation. In recent years, a number of new CPR methods have been developed in hopes of improving cardiac output in ...
Clarke J E - - 1995
A multidisciplinary approach is necessary to prepare for home care of technology-dependent infants. The environment must protect, support, and promote the physical, cognitive, and social growth and development of these infants. Parents and caregivers of technology-dependent infants should be taught cardiopulmonary resuscitation and should be helped to develop a plan ...
Tonkin S L - - 1995
In infants under 6 months of age air normally enters the trachea by the nose because the tongue fills the oral cavity, and the oral route is open only when the infant is making muscular efforts such as crying or gasping. The present recommendation for infant resuscitation is for the ...
Boroyan H J - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Despite reported successes with progressive addition lenses, lined multifocals remain the lens of choice for previous lined multifocal wearers. METHODS: To explore the feasibility of switching lined multifocal wearers to PALs, in a prospective clinical trial we interviewed 265 lined multifocal wearers, prescribed a new PAL (Varilux Comfort) and ...
Wang J - - 1995
Atriopeptin III (AP III) and its six analogues were synthesized by solid phase method and their diuretic and hypotensive activities were determined. Among these analogues, analogue [D-Ala-5, D-Arg-23] AP III was nearly 10 times as potent as AP III in diuretic activity while its hypotensive activity increased only 50% of ...
Perlman J M - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) what percentage of infants require chest compressions and medications as part of resuscitation in the delivery room, (2) the associated clinical events contributing to neonatal depression, and (3) the neonatal outcome of such children. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Urban county hospital. RESULTS: For 2 years, 39 ...
Leuthner S R - - 1994
The abrupt transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life represents a series of profound physiologic changes. This process puts the baby at risk for asphyxia. At birth, the newborn is, therefore, more frequently in need of resuscitation than at any other age. This article reviews the rationale for the sequence and ...
Fost Norman - - 1994
The case described by Allen and colleagues is a good example of the value of molecular testing in the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis in a premature infant. Cystic fibrosis should always be high on the list of diagnoses in an infant who is failing to thrive despite adequate energy intake, ...
Hintermann B - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to determine tendon excursions resulting from selected foot movement and to derive moment arms with respect to the eversion-inversion and flexion-extension axes of the foot. A lower leg-holding device with 6 degrees of freedom was used for the in vitro investigation of 15 fresh ...
Kroll L - - 1994
A prospective study was devised to investigate how risk factors at delivery contribute to outcome at birth as measured by the type of resuscitation required ('skilled' or 'not skilled') and the Apgar score. In addition the number of unexpected 'crash calls' was recorded. In a 3-month sample, neonatologists attended 494 ...
Paterson S J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: For a newborn requiring positive-pressure ventilation (PPV), the American Heart Association recommends bag-and-mask ventilation, a challenging procedure for those inexperienced in neonatal resuscitation. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as an alternative method of airway management in neonates requiring PPV at ...
Schwab K O - - 1994
To analyse the degradation of adrenaline after cardiopulmonary resuscitation of preterm neonates, free and sulphoconjugated adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine were determined in 31 preterm neonates by a radioenzymatic method. Nine of the neonates received a high dose (250 micrograms/kg) of endotracheally administered adrenaline (1:1000); three of them had more than ...
Rowan-Szal G G Institute of Behavioral Research, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth - - 1994
Clients in a community-based methadone treatment program earned stars for attending counseling sessions as scheduled and for providing clean urines. These stars were later redeemed for contingent rewards (food or gas coupons or bus tokens) according to one of three randomly assigned reward schedules, including high reward (four stars per ...
Yeo C L - - 1994
This study addresses the dilemma of whether to attempt resuscitation of the previously undiagnosed fresh stillborn infant and evaluates factors predictive of survival and long-term outcome. We reviewed the clinical spectrum, immediate complications and long-term outcome of 45 successfully resuscitated apparently stillborn infants (34 term, 11 preterm) who were admitted ...
Sims D G - - 1994
One hundred and five infants treated with adrenaline or atropine, or both, as part of resuscitation on 124 occasions were studied retrospectively. Adrenaline was administered to 98 infants, in 40 of whom it was in combination with atropine, and seven infants received atropine alone. Twenty infants were treated solely on ...
Hoskins P R - - 1994
Detected back-scattered Doppler signal level was measured from the following filaments: braided silk filaments, nylon and O-ring rubber. The detected signal level fell with time from the point of immersion by 45-85% for the silk filaments and by 50% for the nylon, but did not change for the O-ring rubber. ...
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