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Results 451 - 500 of 705
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Vento M - - 2001
In the last 6 years, 830 asphyxiated newly born term infants have been resuscitated with room air (RAR; n = 304) or 100% oxygen (OxR; n = 526) in our hospital. We have studied the time to onset of a regular respiratory pattern, morbidity and mortality, blood gases, reduced glutathione ...
Partridge J C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To characterize physician-parent counseling and delivery room resuscitation of extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of 473 California neonatologists detailing counseling patterns, resuscitation thresholds, and acceptance of parental decision making. RESULTS: The response rate was 61%. After 23 weeks' gestation, > 80% of neonatologists counseled parents ...
Rietveld P J - - 2001
The technical comparison of Current Sheet Applicator (CSA) and Lucite Cone Applicator (LCA) arrays covering an area of approximately 20 x 20 cm2 is investigated based on Gaussian beam (GB) predicted SAR distributions. The comparison is made in muscle equivalent tissue at 1 cm depth (maximum SAR normalized to 100%) ...
Park K Y - - 2001
Nitrous oxide (N2O) gas is emitted as an intermediate in the biological nitrogen removal process. A track study was performed to investigate the characteristics of N2O emission depending on the cyclic mode of a sequencing batch reactor (SBR). A major emission of N2O took place at the aerobic phase, while ...
Saugstad O D - - 2001
The basic mechanisms leading to cell death in birth asphyxia are becoming better known. Some of these are excitotoxicity, inflammation and oxidative stress. In the so-called therapeutic window - between the primary and secondary energy failure - modulation of these processes may be beneficial, reducing apoptosis and perhaps necrosis. In ...
Ahmed A M - - 2000
The study was aimed to test the hypothesis that in the knee extension range 100 to 30 deg, the patellar "out-of-plane" tracking pattern is controlled by the passive restraint provided by the topographic interaction of the patellofemoral contacting surfaces. The out-of-plane tracking pattern, i.e., the pattern of patellar displacements not ...
Spyak P R - - 2000
A short-wave infrared (700-2500-nm) radiometer has been designed and built to calibrate and cross calibrate spherical-integrating sources used in the calibration of satellite sensors residing on NASA's Earth Observing System platforms. We describe the design, predicted and measured performance, and calibration of the transfer radiometer.
Rojas F J - - 2000
The aim of this study was to analyse the adjustments in technique made by a basketball player when shooting against an opponent. The subjects used consisted of 10 professional basketball players of the Spanish First Division League. Three-dimensional motion analysis based on video recordings (50 Hz) was used to obtain ...
Carbine D N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the compliance to Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) guidelines in our institution, by the use of videotaped newborn resuscitations. BACKGROUND: NRP is the standard of care for newborn resuscitation. The application of NRP guidelines and resuscitation skills in actual clinical settings is undocumented. DESIGN/METHODS: A video recorder, mounted ...
Shafto M - - 2000
This study develops a new theory of the Moses illusion, observed in responses to general knowledge questions such as, "How many animals of each kind did Moses take on the Ark?" People often respond "two" rather than "zero" despite knowing that Noah, not Moses, launched the Ark. Our theory predicted ...
Doroshow R W - - 2000
The major ethical issues involved in decision-making in the care of extremely low birth weight newborns are analyzed here. We propose a schema for assessment and management of these infants that is consistent with ethical principles broadly accepted by the pediatric community, and which takes into account mortality risk at ...
Wilder M A - - 2000
The neonatal team attending high-risk deliveries is often faced with difficult ethical decisions concerning aggressive cardiopulmonary resuscitation for infants of 22-24 weeks gestational age (GA). These decisions are often based on the ethical principles of beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice, futility, autonomy, quality of life, and best interests and legal rights of ...
Chamnanvanakij S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: there is limited data regarding the clinical characteristics and outcome of the neonate requiring ventilatory assistance who develops persistent bradycardia (PB) requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). OBJECTIVES: (1) to determine the percentage of newborn infants requiring respiratory assistance who develop PB and require CPR as part of resuscitation; (2) the ...
Chung Y C - - 2000
Gas mixture of H2S and NH3 in this study has been the focus in the research area concerning gases generated from the animal husbandry and the anaerobic wastewater lagoons used for their treatment. A specific microflora (mixture of Thiobacillus thioparus CH11 for H2S and Nitrosomonas europaea for NH3) was immobilized ...
Espuelas S - - 2000
A micellar formulation of amphotericin B (AmB) solubilized with poloxamer 188 was evaluated against an AmB Leishmania donovani-resistant line. A concave isobologram showed a synergistic effect of this association against promastigotes. This result was confirmed with amastigotes since the 50% effective concentration of the new formulation was 100 times less ...
Manzar S - - 2000
There has been a considerable increase in the educational level and awareness of neonatal care in developing countries over last decade. The importance of neonatal resuscitation, however, has been ignored. This report discusses the importance of structured neonatal courses with emphasis on the need for more such courses at regional ...
Lubowich D A - - 2000
The Galactic Centre is the most active and heavily processed region of the Milky Way, so it can be used as a stringent test for the abundance of deuterium (a sensitive indicator of conditions in the first 1,000 seconds in the life of the Universe). As deuterium is destroyed in ...
Jones T D - - 2000
Longisquama insignis was an unusual archosaur from the Late Triassic of central Asia. Along its dorsal axis Longisquama bore a series of paired integumentary appendages that resembled avian feathers in many details, especially in the anatomy of the basal region. The latter is sufficiently similar to the calamus of modern ...
Pearsall I A - - 2000
Development of a control strategy for thrips attacking nectarine trees depends on an understanding of their phenology, distribution, and life history as related to characteristics of nectarine orchards. To this end, we compared the overwintering behavior, distribution, and abundance of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), among 11 nectarine orchards ...
Posen R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: There is debate as to whether pediatricians should be present at all cesarean deliveries. Little published data exist regarding the differences in resuscitative needs of infants delivered by cesarean section for "fetal distress" versus those without this diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the differences in resuscitative and immediate postnatal intervention ...
Abe K K - - 2000
The purpose of this study is to compare the speed and ease of establishing newborn emergency vascular access using intraosseous (IO) versus umbilical venous catheterization (UVC). The study is an experimental design. A total of 42 medical students, without prior IO and UVC experience, were recruited as study subjects. All ...
Jankov R P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study short- and long-term outcomes of infants < or = 750 g birthweight who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the delivery room. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective analysis of all inborn live births < or = 750 g birthweight from 1990 to 1996. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was defined as positive pressure ...
Pumberger W - - 2000
Two newborn infants with traumatic perforation of the pharyngo-oesophageal region are presented. This injury was induced by pharyngeal suction catheters and/or vigorous attempts at nasogastric or tracheal intubation during resuscitation of the newborn. The true nature of this condition remained unrecognized and the babies were thus referred with a tentative ...
McHugh-Strong C M - - 2000
The purpose of this paper is to report the longitudinal experience with deaths in a United States' newborn intensive care unit. Retrospective analysis comparing infant deaths in two epochs: Epoch 1: 1985-1988 (n = 127) and Epoch 2: 1991-1994 (n = 75). Data included demographic factors, age at death, episodes ...
Gauldin D - - 2000
Childbirth educator humorously describes the perils of an aging instructor attempting to stay current with the latest infant-related equipment.
Habal M B - - 2000
To enhance the safety of the patient a controlled depth (CD) osteotomy cutter was designed. The power-oriented depth controlled osteotomy cutter (PODCO) was developed and used in patients and infants craniofacial surgery. As the power equipment was technologically advanced, a new design allowed us to keep the same principle with ...
Recheis W - - 1999
The endocranial capacity of Guattari 1 originally was estimated by Sergi as approximately 1.550 cm3. Using three different approaches, a physical endocast, a stereolithographic model, and a virtual endocast, we have estimated the endocranial capacity of Guattari 1 as approximately 1.350 cm3. This paper explains our revision of the estimated ...
Scicchitano L M - - 1999
In this study, we evaluated the Light Diagnostics SimulFluor HSV/VZV Immunofluorescence (SIM) assay. A total of 167 specimens yielded 21 VZV and 55 HSV true positive test results. The sensitivity/specificity of the SIM assay for VZV and HSV were, respectively, 100/98 and 62/99. These results were comparable to the results ...
Keoghane S R - - 1999
Both flexible and rigid cysto-urethroscopy are routinely used in the surveillance of transitional cell bladder tumours. This study addressed the issue of patient selection for either rigid or flexible cystoscopy. What proportion of positive findings at flexible cystoscopy and negative findings at rigid cystoscopy are acceptable? Standards were set of ...
Finer N N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: None of the 20 previously reported infants weighing <750 g at birth who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the delivery room (DR) survived. To clarify whether such resuscitation is futile in our center, we evaluated our experience with DR-CPR over a 4-year period. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the ...
Halbower A C - - 1999
Most depressed newborn infants respond promptly to minimal intervention. When that does not happen, a thorough understanding of the physiologic reflexes that promote and prevent, prompt restoration of heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration is crucial. This article will review data demonstrating that lung inflation, in the purely mechanical sense, ...
Wolkoff L I - - 1999
Expertise in neonatal resuscitation is essential for all hospital personnel involved in the care of newborn infants. The guidelines to resuscitation reviewed here have been established by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association and have resulted in significantly improved training and expertise of delivery room personnel. ...
White L E - - 1999
Hydrops fetalis is a relatively rare phenomenon that presents itself in the delivery room in an extremely acute manner. Prompt resuscitation, an understanding of the condition and its presentation, and immediate treatment can make the difference between life and death in these cases. The focus of this article is on ...
Silverstein D N - - 1999
Openness in adoption is both a philosophical concept and a description of relationships. Regardless of the age of the adoptee or the circumstances of the adoption, the goal of openness is to minimize loss and to maintain connections. This article presents a model for expanding the principles learned from openness ...
Raju T N - - 1999
Although the history of neonatal resuscitation is as old as medicine itself, today's standards of practice evolved over the past 40 years. Most ancient physicians and midwives did know that stimulation and expansion of lungs was needed to revive the "apparently dead" newborn, but the means of providing these 'therapies' ...
Osborn D A - - 1999
A preterm infant was born at 35 weeks gestation after failed antenatal antiarrhythmic therapy. The infant had an incessant supraventricular tachycardia, impaired ventricular function and hypotension and failed to respond to adenosine, cardioversion and intravenous amiodarone. After resuscitation from cardiovascular collapse, a successful radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) of a left ...
Schwab C - - 1999
The production of gaseous oxygen when hydrogen peroxide interacts with tissue is a well-known phenomenon that has been reported as a rare cause of gas embolism. We present the case of an 11-month-old infant who sustained an immediate cardiorespiratory arrest following the use of this agent during a minor surgical ...
Slack M H - - 1999
Four premature infants developed apnoeas severe enough to warrant resuscitation after immunisation with diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT), and Haemophilus influenzae B (Hib). One required re-intubation and ventilation. Although apnoeas after immunisation are recognised, they are not well documented. It is time for further research to elucidate the best time ...
Iwamoto M - - 1999
Phoborhodopsin (also called sensory rhodopsin II, sR-II) is a receptor for the negative phototaxis of Halobacterium salinarum (pR), and pharaonis phoborhodopsin (ppR) is the corresponding receptor of Natronobacterium pharaonis. pR and ppR are retinoid proteins and have a photocycle similar to that of bacteriorhodopsin (bR). A major difference between the ...
Feller J A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: A number of different models have been proposed for determining surgical workforce requirements. METHODS: In 1995 the Workforce Subcommittee of the Victorian Regional Branch of the Australian Orthopaedic Association commenced a prospective evaluation of waiting times for both urgent and nonurgent appointments with orthopaedic surgeons in Victoria. RESULTS: The ...
Perlman J M - - 1999
The objectives of this study were to determine in term infants: (1) the importance of maternal fever (maternal temperature > 38 degrees C) as a risk factor for neonatal depression and (2) the clinical course of infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) born to mothers with fever. ...
Watson K E - - 1999
Tetracalcium phosphate (TetCP, Ca4(PO4)2O) reacts rapidly with polyacrylic acid (PAA). Complete reaction results in the formation of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and calcium polyacrylate. Consequently, this combination of reactants can react to form a dental cement. However, reaction occurs so rapidly that it would be difficult to achieve a homogeneous mixture of ...
Kattwinkel J - - 1999
The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), with representation from North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Africa, and South America, was formed in 1992 to provide a forum for liaison between resuscitation organizations in the developed world. This consensus document on resuscitation extends previously published ILCOR advisory statements on resuscitation ...
Lee S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The human foot is often modelled as a rigid body in gait analysis. A more realistic model separates this segment into a forefoot and rearfoot. However, no three-dimensional data has been published on dynamic relative ab-adduction between these segments, and how this impacts changes in foot shape. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Dembofsky C A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Although a few infants ever require resuscitation, pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is performed most commonly under 1 year of age. American Heart Association guidelines for pediatric basic life support recommend that the caregiver place his/her mouth over the infant's mouth and nose to create a seal. The way CPR ...
Ryan C A - - 1999
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the introduction of the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association into the delivery room of an Irish maternity hospital. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled observational study of 51 deliveries before and 51 deliveries following the training of delivery room ...
Perriard J - - 1999
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) and gestational pemphigoid (PG) are subepidermal blistering disorders associated with autoantibodies directed against two components of hemidesmosomes: the BP antigen 180 (BP180) and the BP antigen 230 (BP230). Autoantibodies against the extracellular domain (ECD) of BP180 are thought to play an initiatory role in subepidermal blister formation. ...
Chambers D W - - 1999
The believability of a message is grounded in almost everything except the content of the message--there is no self-warranted truth. Credibility is based on the believer's assessment of the form of the message, its source, and especially by triangulation with a reference point. The most common group of reference points ...
Cahuzac J P - - 1999
In 12 infants aged under 16 months with unilateral club foot we used MRI in association with multiplanar reconstruction to calculate the volume and principal axes of inertia of the bone and cartilaginous structures of the hindfoot. The volume of these structures in the club foot is about 20% smaller ...
Ellemunter H - - 1999
AIM: To evaluate the use of intraosseous lines for rapid vascular access in primary resuscitation of preterm and full term neonates. METHODS: Thirty intraosseous lines were placed in 27 newborns, in whom conventional venous access had failed. RESULTS: All the neonates survived the resuscitation procedure, with no long term side ...
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