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Chudleigh Jane J King's College London, RCN's Research in Child Health - - 2014
This month we focus on websites giving information on neonatal investigations.
- - 2014
SOME PARENTS wish to transport their baby in a sling, wrap or baby carrier - now known as 'baby wearing'.
Kotila Letitia E LE The Ohio State University, 135 Campbell Hall, 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43123, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Positive engagement activities support children's adaptive development and new parents are encouraged to be highly engaged with infants. Yet, fathers' engagement is widely understudied and maternal engagement quantity is frequently overlooked. Our study contributes to growing knowledge on associations between infant temperament and parental engagement by testing transactional and moderation ...
Berezin Eitan Naaman EN From the *Pediatric Infectious Diseases; †Epidemiology Department-Faculdade de Ciencias Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo, School Medicine of Santa Casa de São Paulo; ‡Laboratory for Pertussis-Instituto Adolfo Lutz-State Secretary Office of Health; §Division of Respiratory Diseases, Epidemiological Vigilance Center, State Secretary Office of Health; ¶Instituto Adolfo Lutz MSci-Instituto Adolfo Lutz-State Secretary Office of Health; and ‖Sanofi Pasteur, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Household contacts are important sources of Bordetella pertussis in infants. A total of 353 household contacts of 97 index cases were evaluated for pertussis by culture and polymerase chain reaction. Twenty eight contacts were positive (8.0%). The presence of symptoms did not influence the rate of diagnosed bacteriologic pertussis in ...
Folland Nicole N McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Sound waves emitted by two or more simultaneous sources reach the ear as one complex waveform. Auditory scene analysis involves parsing a complex waveform into separate perceptual representations of the sound sources (Bregman, A. S. Auditory scene analysis: The perceptual organization of sounds. London: MIT Press, 1990). Harmonicity provides an ...
Davoudi-Kiakalayeh Ali A Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavagen 18A, SE-17176 Stockholm, - - 2014
To date, there has been little information published on the death of rural road accident deaths. This study uses burden of injury method to explore a more accurate estimate of years of life lost due to road traffic crashes occurring over a four-year period in Guilan province, northern Iran. Rural ...
Kretch Kari S KS Department of Psychology, New York University, - - 2014
Visual exploration in infants and adults has been studied using two very different paradigms: free viewing of flat screen displays in desk-mounted eye-tracking studies and real-world visual guidance of action in head-mounted eye-tracking studies. To test whether classic findings from screen-based studies generalize to real-world visual exploration and to compare ...
Ochoa Theresa J TJ Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Lima, Peru; University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is little information about vaccine schedule compliance in very-low-birth-weight infants in developing countries. The aim of the study was to describe the compliance with the vaccine schedule among this population in Lima, Peru. We conducted a prospective cohort study in four hospitals in Lima in infants with a birth-weight ...
Annie Yoon Seungyeon S a Harvard Medical - - 2014
ABSTRACT The normative development of infant shared attention has been studied extensively, but few studies have examined the impact of disorganized attachment and disturbed maternal caregiving on mother-infant shared attention. The authors examined both maternal initiations of joint attention and infants' responses to those initiations during the reunion episodes of ...
Tenenbaum Elena J EJ Brown Center for the Study of Children at Risk at Women and Infants Hospital - - 2014
ABSTRACT We investigated longitudinal relations among gaze following and face scanning in infancy and later language development. At 12 months, infants watched videos of a woman describing an object while their passive viewing was measured with an eye-tracker. We examined the relation between infants' face scanning behavior and their tendency ...
Defranco Emily A EA Center for Prevention of Preterm Birth, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the influence of birth spacing on neonatal morbidity, stratified by gestational age at birth. Population-based retrospective cohort study using Ohio birth records, 2006-2011. We compared various interpregnancy interval (IPI) lengths in multiparous mothers with the rate and risk of adverse newborn outcomes. The frequency of neonatal intensive care ...
Hua Sun S Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
To report the cumulative incidence, health-seeking behaviour and medical intervention of infants with gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) in the first year of life. The HealthNuts study is a longitudinal, population-based study. At 12 months of age, infants underwent skin prick testing to food allergens, including cows milk. Parents completed a questionnaire ...
Martini Giovana G School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas FCM-UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess binocular detection grating acuity using the LEA GRATINGS test to establish age-related norms in healthy infants during their first 3 months of life. In this prospective, longitudinal study of healthy infants with clear red reflex at birth, responses to gratings were measured at 1, 2, and 3 months ...
Dettmer Amanda M AM Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Poolesville, - - 2014
Matrilineal overthrows in macaque societies are rare but devastating events, often resulting in severe morbidity, mortality, and loss of individual and group fitness. The handful of documented macaque overthrows provides scant evidence to reveal the severity or longevity of reproductive consequences resulting from such violent events. We analyzed archival records ...
Rivera-Pasquel Marta M Nutrition and Health Research Center, National Institute of Public Health (INSP), Av. Universidad No 655, Col. Sta. Ma. Ahuacatitlán, C.P. 62100, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, - - 2014
To evaluate the association between maternal employment and breastfeeding (both duration and status) in Mexican mothers using data from three National Health and Nutrition Surveys conducted in 1999, 2006 and 2012. We analyzed data from the 1999 National Nutrition Survey, the 2006 National Nutrition and Health Survey, and the 2012 ...
Rothman Adam L AL Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Erwin Rd, Durham, North - - 2014
To evaluate the association between cystoid macular edema (CME) observed in very preterm infants and developmental outcomes at 18 to 24 months corrected age. Cohort study. Infants born at or less than 1500 g or at or less than 30 weeks postmenstrual age who underwent screening for retinopathy of prematurity ...
Johnson Katharine K Neonatal Medicine, Pediatrix Medical Group, San Antonio, - - 2014
To evaluate the verbal interactions of parents with their infants in the first months of life and to test the hypothesis that reciprocal vocalizations of mother-infant dyads would be more frequent than those of father-infant dyads. This prospective cohort study included 33 late preterm and term infants. Sixteen-hour language recordings ...
Streit Uta U - - 2014
Numerous studies have emphasized the importance of body contact for health, regulation, and development of infants as well as for parent-child interaction. Especially for infants with regulatory disorders (such as excessive crying, sleeping, and feeding problems), high-quality physical contact would be desirable. Observations in the context of parental counseling suggest ...
Shah Shetal - - 2014
Abstract Background: Influenza presents with increased morbidity and mortality in children ≤5 months of age. Vaccination of caregivers is indicated, but immunization rates are estimated at only 30%. The 2009 New York State Neonatal Influenza Protection Act (NIPA) mandated offering of influenza vaccine to caregivers during the post-partum hospitalization. The ...
Kruger Stacey J SJ Stacey J. Kruger, MD, & Associates, P.A., Miami, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze differences in the cost of treatment for infants randomized to primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation versus optical correction with a contact lens (CL) after unilateral cataract surgery in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS). Retrospective cost analysis of a prospective, randomized clinical trial based on Georgia Medicaid reimbursement ...
Pruszczynski Blazej - - 2014
The natural history of hip instability (without subluxation or dislocation) and treatment in infants remain controversial. We performed a retrospective cohort case-only study with blinded, prospectively collected data to assess normalization of the acetabular index in consecutive untreated infant hips with sonography instability. Consecutive hips meeting inclusion criteria were followed ...
Jones Pete R PR Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, 11-43 Bath Street, London, EC1V 9EL, United Kingdom - - 2014
Purpose: To validate a novel, automated test of infant resolution acuity based on remote eye-tracking. Methods: Infants aged 2-12 months were tested binocularly using: (i) a new Adaptive Computerized Test of Infant Vision using Eye-tracking [ACTIVE], and (ii) Keeler Infant Acuity Cards [KIAC]. The ACTIVE test ran automatically, using remote ...
Sarkissian Eric J EJ *Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Concerns about radiation exposure have created a controversy over long-term radiographic follow-up of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in infants who achieve normal clinical and ultrasonographic examinations. The purpose of this study was to assess the importance of continued radiographic monitoring by contrasting the incidence of residual radiographic dysplasia ...
Tedeschi Adrienne S AS Department of Neurology, Golisano Children's Hospital of Southwest Florida, Fort Myers, - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of hearing loss in newborns with Down syndrome. We performed a cross-sectional, retrospective chart review of all infants with Down syndrome born at a university-affiliated hospital (n = 77) or transferred in to the associated pediatric hospital (n = 32) following birth at an outlying hospital between 1995 and 2010. ...
Wen Xiaozhong X Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, - - 2014
To identify dietary patterns in US infants at age 6 and 12 months, sociodemographic differences in these patterns, and their associations with infant growth from age 6 to 12 months. We analyzed a subsample (760 boys and 795 girls) of the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007). Mothers reported their ...
Busch de Ahumada Luisa C LC Av. Las Heras 3898 3°H, 1425ATP, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Conveying that psychoanalysis offers rich opportunities for the very early treatment of autistic spectrum disorders, this clinical communication unfolds the clinical process of a 19 month-old 'shell-type' encapsulated mute autistic girl. It details how, in a four-weekly-sessions schedule, infant Lila evolved within two years from being emotionally out-of-contact to the affective ...
Bertini Giovanna G Division of Neonatology, FARBA Department, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, - - 2014
Healthy, full-term, exclusively breastfed infants are expected to lose weight in the first days after birth, but experts disagree about what constitutes a physiological neonatal weight loss and there is a lack of evidence-based data. Our study aimed to construct a centile chart of neonatal weight loss in a healthy ...
Bower Charles M CM Pediatric Otolaryngology, Arkansas Children's Hospital, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 1 Children's Way, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infant hearing loss is common. Screening is performed in more than 98% of US infants. Otolaryngologists play an important role in identification and management of infants and children who are deaf and hard of hearing. Otolaryngologists should routinely assess for hearing screening results and intervene for screens not passed. Long-term ...
Bryant M M Clinical Trials Research Unit, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Bradford, - - 2014
In many countries, routine data relating to growth of infants are collected as a means of tracking health and illness up to school age. These have potential to be used in research. For health monitoring and research, data should be accurate and reliable. This study aimed to determine the agreement ...
Wall Palak B PB Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of surgical factors on postoperative astigmatism in infants undergoing cataract extraction with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study is a multicenter clinical trial in which 114 infants with unilateral congenital cataracts were randomized to undergo cataract extraction with IOL placement or ...
Froehlich Jan J University of New England, Biddeford, ME, - - 2014
Increasing research suggests breastfeeding has many benfeits to mothers and children, yet breastfeeding duration rates remain well below Healthy People 2020 objectives. In order to increase breastfeeding rates, the complex role change in becoming a breastfeeding mother deserves closer examination.OBJECTIVE: This pilot study sought to explore the daily routines and ...
Bush Matthew L ML 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA; 2Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Lexington, Kentucky, USA; 3College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA; 4Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Commission for Children with Special Health Care Needs, Louisville, Kentucky, USA; and 5Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2014
Congenital hearing loss is a common problem, and timely identification and intervention are paramount for language development. Patients from rural regions may have many barriers to timely diagnosis and intervention. The purpose of this study was to examine the spatial and hospital-based distribution of failed infant hearing screening testing and ...
Tyler Crystal P - - 2014
The prevention of pregnancy, childbirth, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among teenagers has garnered recent attention both from public health and clinical organizations. In 2011, the U.S. birth rate among teenagers reached a historic low of 31.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years and has decreased 49% percent from ...
Streit Uta U - - 2014
This study concerns the influence of an improvement of body contact on regulatory disorders in infancy. Two interventions were examined: 1. parent counseling on the subject of body contact; 2. practical training of body contact in connection with exposure. Both methods were supplemented by a video-based parent training. 20 infants ...
Sharma Andrea J AJ US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Atlanta, Georgia; Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; and - - 2014
There is a dearth of information on the long-term maternal effects of breastfeeding. The objective of this study was to examine adherence to breastfeeding recommendations of exclusive breastfeeding for ≥4 months and continuation of breastfeeding for ≥1 year and maternal weight retention 6 years after delivery. Using data from the ...
Li Ruowei R Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; and - - 2014
Evidence suggests an association of breastfeeding with a maternal feeding style (MFS) that is less controlling than formula feeding, which, in turn, may improve a child's self-regulation of eating. This study examines associations of bottle-feeding practices during infancy with MFS and children's eating behavior (CEB) at 6 years old. We ...
Kaluarachchi Dinushan D From the *Department of Pediatrics and †Pediatric Residency Program, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, Bronx; and ‡Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, - - 2014
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections are associated with clinically significant rate of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in young infants. Previous research investigating RSV infections and UTIs has been performed mainly in infants younger than 2 to 3 months and has not focused on the risk of UTI in infants 3 ...
Kotani Hirokazu H Department of Forensic Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Yoshida-Konoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
An ectopic cervical thymus (ECT) is regarded as a rare congenital anomaly; therefore, the optimal diagnostic and therapeutic strategy remains a debatable matter. We designed a study to elucidate the clinicopathological characteristics of ECTs in consecutive, unselected infant autopsies, to help guide case management. We searched for ECTs in all ...
Flaherman Valerie J VJ Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, California, - - 2014
For mothers with breastfeeding difficulties, pumping can be recommended to help establish milk production. However, pumping may present some barriers to successful breastfeeding. Mothers with milk supply concern may be at higher risk of barriers to successful breastfeeding. No previous studies have described experiences of pumping among mothers with milk ...
Thomson Gill G Maternal and Infant Nutrition and Nurture Unit, School of Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, - - 2014
Emotions such as guilt and blame are frequently reported by non-breastfeeding mothers, and fear and humiliation are experienced by breastfeeding mothers when feeding in a public context. In this paper, we present new insights into how shame-related affects, cognitions and actions are evident within breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding women's narratives of ...
Peña Marcela M Laboratorio de Neurociencias Cognitivas, Escuela de Psicología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile mpenag@uc.cl - - 2014
Gaze following is an essential human communication cue that orients the attention of two interacting people to the same external object. This capability is robustly observed after 7 months of age in full-term infants. Do healthy preterm infants benefit from their early exposure to face-to-face interactions with other humans to ...
Suppiej A A Child Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Paediatric University Hospital, University of Padua, - - 2014
To evaluate whether wearing a wool cap, a routine practice used to prevent heat loss in premature infants, affects interpretation of electroencephalogram spectral analysis. Eighteen premature infants (median gestational age 28 weeks, range 23-32) without neurological complications were randomized to two channel (C3, C4 referred to Cz) digital electroencephalogram recordings ...
Christiansen Dorte M DM Department of Psychology, University of Aarhus, Bartholins Allé 9, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark; National Centre for Psychotraumatology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Parents bereaved by infant death experience a wide range of symptomatology, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may persist for years after the loss. Little research has been conducted on PTSD in fathers who have lost an infant. Mothers report most symptoms to a greater extent than fathers, but not ...
Srinivasan K R KR Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Missions Kirupananda Variyar Medical College , Salem, Tamilnadu, India - - 2014
During our routine postmortem examination, we found a female infant with "True Cyclopia." The two entire eye balls had fused completely to form one midline organ. The infant was a female who weighed 2910 g. The gestation period was 35 weeks. Infant lived for a short period of less than ...
Hay Jessica F JF University of Tennessee, - - 2014
Infants must develop both flexibility and constraint in their interpretation of acceptable word forms. The current experiments examined the development of infants' lexical interpretation of non-native variations in pitch contour. Fourteen-, 17-, and 19-month-olds (Experiments 1 and 2, N = 72) heard labels for two novel objects; labels contained the same syllable ...
Stevens Emily E EE Nursing Program, Chatham University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Stevens); School of Nursing, University of North Carolina, Wilmington (Dr Gazza); and Nursing Science, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Ohio (Dr - - 2014
Although extensive research has been conducted on preterm infant oral feeding, few investigations have examined parents' experiences learning to feed orally their preterm infant while in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). As such, the aim of this study was to explore parental learning experiences to gain a better understanding ...
Flacking Renée - - 2014
There has been an increased focus on place and space within maternity and neonatal care and how configuration of space influences the experiences of parents, babies and staff. Furthermore, although there is increasing emphasis upon family-centred care, research shows wide differences in NICUs' provision of facilities to enable parental presence ...
Angrisani Rosanna Giaffredo RG Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To follow the maturation of the auditory pathway of infants born small for gestational age term, by studying absolute and interpeak latencies of Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) in the first six months of life. Multicentric prospective longitudinal study. The ABR was carried out in the neonatal period in 96 newborn ...
Auger Anamarie A School of Education, University of California, - - 2014
The impact of a baby book intervention on promoting positive reading beliefs and increasing reading frequency for low-income, new mothers (n = 167) was examined. The Baby Books Project randomly assigned low-income, first-time mothers to one of three study conditions, receiving educational books, non-educational books, or no books, during pregnancy ...
Jiménez-Trigos E E Institute of Science and Animal Technology, Laboratorio de Biotecnología de la Reproducción, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia 46022, - - 2014
Intraoviductal transfer technique in combination with in vivo fertilisation has arisen as an effective technique to assess live births after transfer of slow-frozen oocytes in the rabbit. Nevertheless, the great disadvantage of this method is the accumulation of tubal fluid in a large number of females after clamping the oviducts. ...
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