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Gerken Louann L Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, - - 2014
Infants have been shown to generalize from a small number of input examples. However, existing studies allow two possible means of generalization. One is via a process of noting similarities shared by several examples. Alternatively, generalization may reflect an implicit desire to explain the input. The latter view suggests that ...
Gaunet Florence F Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, UMR 7920, FR 3 C, Bât 9, Case D, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix-Marseille Université, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331, Marseille Cedex 3, France, - - 2014
The study examines whether untrained dogs and infants take their caregiver's visual experience into account when communicating with them. Fifteen adult dogs and 15 one-year-old infants were brought into play with their caregivers with one of their own toys. The caregiver gave the toy to the experimenter, who, in different ...
Needham Amy A Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt - - 2014
How does perceptual learning take place early in life? Traditionally, researchers have focused on how infants make use of information within displays to organize it, but recently, increasing attention has been paid to the question of how infants perceive objects differently depending upon their recent interactions with the objects. This ...
Heyes Cecilia C All Souls College & Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, - - 2014
Can infants appreciate that others have false beliefs? Do they have a theory of mind? In this article I provide a detailed review of more than 20 experiments that have addressed these questions, and offered an affirmative answer, using nonverbal 'violation of expectation' and 'anticipatory looking' procedures. Although many of ...
Paz Pedro P Division of Neonatal Medicine, LAC + USC Medical Center, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Objective The aim of the study was to describe our experience using a modified nasal cannula to deliver nasal continuous positive airway pressure and/or nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation during primary neonatal resuscitation of preterm and term newborns. Study Design Data were collected retrospectively for all neonates resuscitated with nasal cannula in ...
Woods Rebecca J RJ Department of Human Development and Family Science, North Dakota State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants' ability to accurately represent and later recognize previously viewed objects, and conversely, to discriminate novel objects from those previously seen improves remarkably over the first two years of life. During this time, infants acquire extensive experience viewing and manipulating objects and these experiences influence their physical reasoning. Here we ...
Boor Brandon - - 2014
Infants spend most of their time sleeping and are likely to be exposed to elevated concentrations of chemicals released from their crib mattresses. Small-scale chamber experiments were conducted to determine the area-specific emission rates (SERs) of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in a collection of twenty new and used crib mattresses. ...
Walle Eric A - - 2014
Appreciating authentic and inauthentic emotional communication is central to the formation of trusting and intimate interpersonal relationships. However, when infants are able to discriminate and respond to inauthentic emotion has not been investigated. The present set of studies was designed to investigate infant sensitivity to 3 specific cues of inauthenticity: ...
Harris D L DL 1] Newborn Intensive Care Unit, Waikato District Health Board, Hamilton, New Zealand [2] Liggins Institute, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
Objective:Randomized trials are essential for improving outcomes, but researchers can be hesitant about undertaking clinical trials in newborn babies because of perceived vulnerability of the baby and risk of increasing parental anxiety. There is a paucity of evidence about the parental experience. We investigated mothers' experiences of having their newborn ...
Baker Rachel K RK Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada H4B 1R6. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of the present research was to examine whether infants associate different paths of motion with animate beings and inanimate objects. An infant-controlled habituation procedure was used to examine 10-20-month-old infants' ability to associate a non-linear motion path (jumping) with animals and a linear (rebounding) motion path with vehicles ...
Gerson Sarah A SA Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent findings across a variety of domains reveal the benefits of self-produced experience on object exploration, object knowledge, attention, and action perception. The influence of active experience may be particularly important in infancy, when motor development is undergoing great changes. Despite the importance of self-produced experience, we know that infants ...
Lewkowicz David J DJ Department of Psychology & Center for Complex Systems & Brain Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, FL, 33431. - - 2014
Perceptual narrowing reflects the effects of early experience and contributes in key ways to perceptual and cognitive development. Previous studies have found that unisensory perceptual sensitivity in young infants is broadly tuned such that they can discriminate native as well as non-native sensory inputs but that it is more narrowly ...
Stahl Aimee E AE Johns Hopkins - - 2014
Two experiments investigated whether infants can use their rich social knowledge to bind representations of individual objects into larger social units, thereby overcoming the three-item limit of working memory. In Experiment 1, 16-month-olds (n = 32) remembered up to four hidden dolls when the dolls had faced and interacted with each other ...
Otsuka Yumiko - - 2014
The current study examined the temporal dynamics of coarse and fine spatial information processing in 7- to 8-month-old infants. The ability to discriminate between spatially filtered images was assessed by measuring infants' spontaneous preference for a changing over no-changing image sequences. In Experiments 1 and 2, we found that infants ...
Chadwick Rachelle J RJ Women's Health Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Falmouth Building, Medical Campus, University of Cape Town, Observatory 7925, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
to explore the factors associated with negative birth experiences in South African public maternity settings from the perspective of women's birth narratives. an explorative, qualitative research study using a narrative methodological framework and unstructured interviewing. the city of Cape Town in South Africa. 33 low-income women aged 18-42 years who ...
Johnson Elizabeth K EK Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Past research has shown that English learners begin segmenting words from speech by 7.5 months of age. However, more recent research has begun to show that, in some situations, infants may exhibit rudimentary segmentation capabilities at an earlier age. Here, we report on four perceptual experiments and a corpus analysis ...
Pinsky Ellen E Faculty of the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and - - 2014
The author narrates her experience of mourning her therapist's sudden death. The profession has neglected implications of the analyst's mortality: what is lost or vulnerable to loss? What is that vulnerability's function? The author's process of mourning included her writing and her becoming an analyst. Both pursuits inspired reflections on ...
Declercq Eugene R - - 2014
To understand the experiences and views of childbearing women in the United States and trends over time, Childbirth Connection carried out the third national Listening to Mothers survey among 2,400 women who gave birth in U.S. hospitals to a single baby from mid-2011 to mid-2012 and could participate in English. ...
Falck Andreas A Department of Psychology, Lund University Lund, - - 2014
In the debate about how to interpret Violation-of-Expectation (VoE) based false-belief experiments, it has been suggested that infants are predicting the actions of the agent based on more or less sophisticated cognitive means. We present an alternative, more parsimonious interpretation, exploring the possibility that the infants' reactions are not governed ...
Burns Monica P MP Department of Psychology, University of Washington Seattle, WA, - - 2014
By 15 months of age infants are sensitive to violations of fairness norms as assessed via their enhanced visual attention to unfair versus fair outcomes in violation-of-expectation paradigms. The current study investigated whether 15-month-old infants select social partners on the basis of prior fair versus unfair behavior, and whether infants ...
Shah Punit P Department of Psychology, City University, London EC1R OJD, UK; Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre (MRC), Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, SE5 8AF, - - 2013
Newborn infants exhibit a remarkable tendency to orient to faces. This behavior is thought to be mediated by a subcortical mechanism tuned to the protoface stimulus: a face-like configuration comprising three dark areas on a lighter background. When this unique stimulus translates across their visual field, neurotypical infants will change ...
van Reenen Samantha - - 2013
Abstract In this study, researchers explored mothers' coping strategies in dealing with birth by unplanned Caesarean section. Mothers' experiences of a traumatic birth could be influenced by perceived strengths when coping with the stress related to the incident. Coping strategies could result in reassessment of the birth process and be associated ...
Crowther Susan S AUT University, New - - 2013
This paper focuses on the experience of sacred space at the moment of birth. Through the stories of those present, a powerful and vulnerable space is revealed, where something magical and deeply tender emerges, creating feelings of connection and transformative new possibilities. Sacred space is a revered and honoured space ...
Astor James - - 2013
In this interview with Warren Colman, James Astor speaks about his development as a Jungian analyst from his own experience of personal analysis in the 1960s to his recent retirement from clinical practice. The discussion covers his long association with Michael Fordham, the child analytic training at the SAP, the ...
Skerry Amy E - - 2013
Do infants learn to interpret others' actions through their own experience producing goal-directed action, or does some knowledge of others' actions precede first-person experience? Several studies report that motor experience enhances action understanding, but the nature of this effect is not well understood. The present research investigates what is learned ...
Flacking Renée - - 2013
Becoming a parent of a preterm baby requiring neonatal care constitutes an extraordinary life situation in which parenting begins and evolves in a medical and unfamiliar setting. Although there is increasing emphasis within maternity and neonatal care on the influence of place and space upon the experiences of staff and ...
Harvey Kayla A - - 2013
Experiences of mothers of infants undergoing complex heart surgery were explored to build evidence-based family-centered interventions. Congenital heart disease is the most frequent birth defect in the United States and is common worldwide. Eight mothers recalled through journal entries their experiences of the days before, during, and after their infant's ...
Bornemark Jonna - - 2013
In phenomenology, theories of empathy are intimately connected with the question of how it is possible to have insight into the mind of the other person. In this article, the author wants to show why it is self-evident for us that the other person is having experiences. In order to ...
Cottrell Barbara H - - 2013
To explore the perinatal experiences of African American women in Florida for obtaining information about breastfeeding and also their breastfeeding experiences. This qualitative study utilized convenience sampling of 253 African American women 18 to 35 years old in three Florida counties. Data were derived from the Healthy Futures Perinatal Research ...
Burnham Natasha - - 2013
Purpose: To identify what parents need to feel ready for the discharge of their infant from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Design: Qualitative.Sample: 20 parents of infants admitted to a Canadian Level III NI CU were interviewed (2011-2012) and asked to identify what they require to feel ready for discharge. ...
Tooten Anneke A International Victimology Institute Tilburg, Tilburg University, The - - 2013
Parents experience a lot of positive and negative feelings and emotions after birth. The main purpose of this study was to compare perceptions and experiences of mothers and fathers with term, moderately and very preterm infants. We included 202 infants with both parents, divided into three groups: 1) term infants ...
Lewis Charlie - - 2013
Schilbach et al.'s model assumes that the ability to "experience" minds is already present in human infants and therefore falls foul of the very intellectualist problems it attempts to avoid. We propose an alternative relational, action-based account, which attempts to grasp how the individual's construction of knowledge develops within interactions.
Zamanzadeh Vahid - - 2013
This study examined mothers' experiences of the preparation of their infants for discharge in the Iranian neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) culture. Participants included 16 mothers who had preterm infants who were hospitalized in Iranian NICUs. A qualitative study was used to describe mothers' experiences of infant discharge from the ...
Banerjee Sunayana B - - 2013
Much of the literature on maternal behavior has focused on the role of infant experience and hormones in a canonical subcortical circuit for maternal motivation and maternal memory. Although early studies demonstrated that the cerebral cortex also plays a significant role in maternal behaviors, little has been done to explore ...
Plantinga Judy - - 2013
The origin of the Western preference for consonance remains unresolved, with some suggesting that the preference is innate. In Experiments 1 and 2 of the present study, 6-month-old infants heard six different consonant/dissonant pairs of stimuli, including those tested in previous research. In contrast to the findings of others, infants ...
Zieber Nicole - - 2013
Adults recognize emotions conveyed by bodies with comparable accuracy to facial emotions. However, no prior study has explored infants' perception of body emotions. In Experiment 1, 6.5-month-olds (n = 32) preferred happy over neutral actions of actors with covered faces in upright but not inverted silent videos. In Experiment 2, infants (n = 32) ...
Kinsey Cara Bicking - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a history of miscarriage is related to birth experience and/or maternal fear of an adverse birth outcome for self or infant during a subsequent delivery. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study, the First Baby Study. SAMPLE: Women age 18 to 35 who were expecting ...
Reid Esther W - - 2013
to explore women's perceptions and experiences of pregnancy and childbirth following birth of a macrosomic infant (birth weight ≥4000g). a qualitative design utilising interviews conducted 13-19 weeks post partum in women's homes. The study was conducted in one Health and Social Care Trust in Northern Ireland between January and September ...
Sato Kazuki - - 2013
Recently, Masuda et al. (submitted for publication) showed that adults perceive moving rigid or nonrigid motion from illusory contour with neon color spreading in which the inducer has pendular motion with or without phase difference. In Experiment 1, we used the preferential looking method to investigate whether 3-8-month-old infants can ...
Kovack-Lesh Kristine A - - 2013
We assessed the eye-movements of 4-month-old infants (N = 38) as they visually inspected pairs of images of cats or dogs. In general, infants who had previous experience with pets exhibited more sophisticated inspection than did infants without pet experience, both directing more visual attention to the informative head regions ...
Frie Roger - - 2013
This article considers the interaction between psychoanalysis and philosophy by examining the meaning of human finitude in the work of Freud and Heidegger. Although Freud and Heidegger develop radically different systems of thought, they are surprisingly close in their examination of the human attitude toward death. Freud's philosophical reflections on ...
Dahl Audun - - 2013
Human infants with little or no crawling experience surprisingly show no wariness of heights, but such wariness becomes exceptionally strong over the life span. Neither depth perception nor falling experiences explain this extraordinary developmental shift; however, something about locomotor experience does. The crucial component of locomotor experience in this emotional ...
Cizmeci Mehmet N - - 2013
Airway management is one of the key aspects of neonatal anesthesia and an oropharyngeal airway (OPA) is used in daily intensive care practice to relieve upper airway obstruction. A myriad of congenital malformations have features that might cause a difficult airway management and cleft palate is among these conditions. Herein, ...
Frick Andrea - - 2013
Infants' ability to mentally track the orientation of an object during a hidden rotation was investigated (N = 28 in each experiment). A toy on a turntable was fully covered and then rotated 90°. When revealed, the toy had turned with the turntable (probable event), remained at its starting orientation (improbable event ...
Gerson Sarah A - - 2013
Prior research suggests that infants' action production affects their action understanding, but little is known about the aspects of motor experience that render these effects. In Study 1, the relative contributions of self-produced (n = 30) and observational (n = 30) action experience on 3-month-old infants' action understanding was assessed using a visual habituation ...
Finnis John - - 2013
This paper identifies and contests the thesis it takes to be the central premise of Giubilini and Minerva, 'Why should the baby live?', namely that rights, subjecthood and personhood have as a necessary condition that the undergoing of a harm be experienced. That thesis entails the repugnant or absurd conclusion ...
Hurst Nancy - - 2013
Background:Mothers of very preterm infants continue to face challenges related to providing their expressed breast milk in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Objective:This qualitative study sought to understand the experience of mothers of hospitalized very preterm infants related to their daily pumping routine during the NICU stay.Methods:Fourteen women who were ...
Khanna Surbhi - - 2013
People who have near-death experiences often report a subsequently increased sense of spirituality and a connection with their inner self and the world around them. In this study, we examined spiritual well-being, using Paloutzian and Ellison's Spiritual Well-Being Scale, among 224 persons who had come close to death. Participants who ...
Kavšek Michael - - 2013
In this short-term longitudinal study, infants were examined for their natural preference of a square defined by crossed horizontal disparity (either 1° or 0.5°) over a square defined by a vertical disparity (either 1° or 0.5°). The square targets were embedded in a dynamic random dot stereogram. The stimuli were ...
Ciccone Albert - - 2013
This article deals with the importance of rhythm in infants' experiences, underscoring its function in relation to sense of being and the continuity of that sense. Although some discontinuity is inevitable, and indeed necessary for development, it can expose infants to chaotic experiences if there is no underlying rhythmicity. Observations ...
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