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Hay Jessica F JF University of Tennessee, - - 2014
Infants must develop both flexibility and constraint in their interpretation of acceptable word forms. The current experiments examined the development of infants' lexical interpretation of non-native variations in pitch contour. Fourteen-, 17-, and 19-month-olds (Experiments 1 and 2, N = 72) heard labels for two novel objects; labels contained the same syllable ...
Stevens Emily E EE Nursing Program, Chatham University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Stevens); School of Nursing, University of North Carolina, Wilmington (Dr Gazza); and Nursing Science, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Ohio (Dr - - 2014
Although extensive research has been conducted on preterm infant oral feeding, few investigations have examined parents' experiences learning to feed orally their preterm infant while in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). As such, the aim of this study was to explore parental learning experiences to gain a better understanding ...
Jiménez-Trigos E E Institute of Science and Animal Technology, Laboratorio de Biotecnología de la Reproducción, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia 46022, - - 2014
Intraoviductal transfer technique in combination with in vivo fertilisation has arisen as an effective technique to assess live births after transfer of slow-frozen oocytes in the rabbit. Nevertheless, the great disadvantage of this method is the accumulation of tubal fluid in a large number of females after clamping the oviducts. ...
Ulfsdottir Hanna - - 2014
Studies have suggested several risk factors for a negative birth experience among primiparas. Factors that are mentioned frequently include labour dystocia, operative intervention such as acute caesarean section or vacuum extraction, or the infant being transferred to neonatal care. Another important factor mentioned is lack of support from the midwife. ...
Toivonen Elli E School of Medicine, University of Tampere, Tampere, - - 2014
The optimal mode of breech birth remains controversial. In Finland, a trial of vaginal delivery is possible if strict selection criteria are met. As clinical practice in managing vaginal breech birth differs from that in normal delivery, the birth experience may also be different. This cohort study compares the childbirth ...
Ryninks Kirsty - - 2014
Guidelines surrounding maternal contact with the stillborn infant have been contradictory over the past thirty years. Most studies have reported that seeing and holding the stillborn baby is associated with fewer anxiety and depressive symptoms among mothers of stillborn babies than not doing so. In contrast, others studies suggest that ...
Bertenthal Bennett I - - 2014
Infants' understanding of a pointing gesture represents a major milestone in their communicative development. The current consensus is that infants are not capable of following a pointing gesture until 9-12 months of age. In this article, we present evidence from 4- and 6-month-old infants challenging this conclusion. Infants were tested ...
Yu Hai H Department of Chemistry, University of California-Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 - - 2014
Two novel synthetic α2-6-linked disialyl hexasaccharides, disialyllacto-N-neotetraose (DSLNnT) and α2-6-linked disialyllacto-N-tetraose (DS'LNT), were readily obtained by highly efficient one-pot multienzyme (OPME) reactions. The sequential OPME systems described herein allowed the use of an inexpensive disaccharide and simple monosaccharides to synthesize the desired complex oligosaccharides with high efficiency and selectivity. DSLNnT ...
Johansson M M Karolinska Institutet So¨dersjukhuset, Department of Clinical Science and Education, Sjukhusbacken 10, SE-118 83 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
to develop greater understanding of how expectant fathers experience their partner׳s labour and the subsequent birth of their baby. a qualitative meta-synthesis. Data were search for in CINAHL, PubMed, Psych Info and SCOPUS. eight studies conducted in England, Malawi, Nepal and Sweden were included. 120 fathers with experiences of their ...
Kavšek Michael M Department of Psychology, Unit of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Bonn, Kaiser-Karl-Ring 9, 53111, Bonn, Germany, - - 2014
In a series of preferential-looking experiments, infants 5 to 6 months of age were tested for their responsiveness to crossed and uncrossed horizontal disparity. In Experiments 1 and 2, infants were presented with dynamic random dot stereograms displaying a square target defined by either a 0.5° crossed or a 0.5° ...
Betts Kim S KS School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Existing evidence has established that maternal infection during pregnancy and illness during early life are associated with later schizophrenia. No research has examined how the combination of these prenatal and postnatal exposures is linked to an increased risk to later schizophrenia and psychotic disorders. Participants from the Mater University Study ...
Gerken Louann L Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, - - 2014
Infants have been shown to generalize from a small number of input examples. However, existing studies allow two possible means of generalization. One is via a process of noting similarities shared by several examples. Alternatively, generalization may reflect an implicit desire to explain the input. The latter view suggests that ...
Gaunet Florence F Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, UMR 7920, FR 3 C, Bât 9, Case D, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix-Marseille Université, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331, Marseille Cedex 3, France, - - 2014
The study examines whether untrained dogs and infants take their caregiver's visual experience into account when communicating with them. Fifteen adult dogs and 15 one-year-old infants were brought into play with their caregivers with one of their own toys. The caregiver gave the toy to the experimenter, who, in different ...
Needham Amy A Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt - - 2014
How does perceptual learning take place early in life? Traditionally, researchers have focused on how infants make use of information within displays to organize it, but recently, increasing attention has been paid to the question of how infants perceive objects differently depending upon their recent interactions with the objects. This ...
Heyes Cecilia C All Souls College & Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, - - 2014
Can infants appreciate that others have false beliefs? Do they have a theory of mind? In this article I provide a detailed review of more than 20 experiments that have addressed these questions, and offered an affirmative answer, using nonverbal 'violation of expectation' and 'anticipatory looking' procedures. Although many of ...
Paz Pedro P Division of Neonatal Medicine, LAC + USC Medical Center, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Objective The aim of the study was to describe our experience using a modified nasal cannula to deliver nasal continuous positive airway pressure and/or nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation during primary neonatal resuscitation of preterm and term newborns. Study Design Data were collected retrospectively for all neonates resuscitated with nasal cannula in ...
Woods Rebecca J RJ Department of Human Development and Family Science, North Dakota State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants' ability to accurately represent and later recognize previously viewed objects, and conversely, to discriminate novel objects from those previously seen improves remarkably over the first two years of life. During this time, infants acquire extensive experience viewing and manipulating objects and these experiences influence their physical reasoning. Here we ...
Boor Brandon - - 2014
Infants spend most of their time sleeping and are likely to be exposed to elevated concentrations of chemicals released from their crib mattresses. Small-scale chamber experiments were conducted to determine the area-specific emission rates (SERs) of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in a collection of twenty new and used crib mattresses. ...
Walle Eric A - - 2014
Appreciating authentic and inauthentic emotional communication is central to the formation of trusting and intimate interpersonal relationships. However, when infants are able to discriminate and respond to inauthentic emotion has not been investigated. The present set of studies was designed to investigate infant sensitivity to 3 specific cues of inauthenticity: ...
Harris D L DL 1] Newborn Intensive Care Unit, Waikato District Health Board, Hamilton, New Zealand [2] Liggins Institute, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
Objective:Randomized trials are essential for improving outcomes, but researchers can be hesitant about undertaking clinical trials in newborn babies because of perceived vulnerability of the baby and risk of increasing parental anxiety. There is a paucity of evidence about the parental experience. We investigated mothers' experiences of having their newborn ...
Baker Rachel K RK Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada H4B 1R6. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of the present research was to examine whether infants associate different paths of motion with animate beings and inanimate objects. An infant-controlled habituation procedure was used to examine 10-20-month-old infants' ability to associate a non-linear motion path (jumping) with animals and a linear (rebounding) motion path with vehicles ...
Gerson Sarah A SA Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent findings across a variety of domains reveal the benefits of self-produced experience on object exploration, object knowledge, attention, and action perception. The influence of active experience may be particularly important in infancy, when motor development is undergoing great changes. Despite the importance of self-produced experience, we know that infants ...
Lewkowicz David J DJ Department of Psychology & Center for Complex Systems & Brain Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, FL, 33431. - - 2014
Perceptual narrowing reflects the effects of early experience and contributes in key ways to perceptual and cognitive development. Previous studies have found that unisensory perceptual sensitivity in young infants is broadly tuned such that they can discriminate native as well as non-native sensory inputs but that it is more narrowly ...
Stahl Aimee E AE Johns Hopkins - - 2014
Two experiments investigated whether infants can use their rich social knowledge to bind representations of individual objects into larger social units, thereby overcoming the three-item limit of working memory. In Experiment 1, 16-month-olds (n = 32) remembered up to four hidden dolls when the dolls had faced and interacted with each other ...
Otsuka Yumiko - - 2014
The current study examined the temporal dynamics of coarse and fine spatial information processing in 7- to 8-month-old infants. The ability to discriminate between spatially filtered images was assessed by measuring infants' spontaneous preference for a changing over no-changing image sequences. In Experiments 1 and 2, we found that infants ...
Chadwick Rachelle J RJ Women's Health Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Falmouth Building, Medical Campus, University of Cape Town, Observatory 7925, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
to explore the factors associated with negative birth experiences in South African public maternity settings from the perspective of women's birth narratives. an explorative, qualitative research study using a narrative methodological framework and unstructured interviewing. the city of Cape Town in South Africa. 33 low-income women aged 18-42 years who ...
Johnson Elizabeth K EK Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Past research has shown that English learners begin segmenting words from speech by 7.5 months of age. However, more recent research has begun to show that, in some situations, infants may exhibit rudimentary segmentation capabilities at an earlier age. Here, we report on four perceptual experiments and a corpus analysis ...
Pinsky Ellen E Faculty of the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and - - 2014
The author narrates her experience of mourning her therapist's sudden death. The profession has neglected implications of the analyst's mortality: what is lost or vulnerable to loss? What is that vulnerability's function? The author's process of mourning included her writing and her becoming an analyst. Both pursuits inspired reflections on ...
Declercq Eugene R - - 2014
To understand the experiences and views of childbearing women in the United States and trends over time, Childbirth Connection carried out the third national Listening to Mothers survey among 2,400 women who gave birth in U.S. hospitals to a single baby from mid-2011 to mid-2012 and could participate in English. ...
Falck Andreas A Department of Psychology, Lund University Lund, - - 2014
In the debate about how to interpret Violation-of-Expectation (VoE) based false-belief experiments, it has been suggested that infants are predicting the actions of the agent based on more or less sophisticated cognitive means. We present an alternative, more parsimonious interpretation, exploring the possibility that the infants' reactions are not governed ...
Burns Monica P MP Department of Psychology, University of Washington Seattle, WA, - - 2014
By 15 months of age infants are sensitive to violations of fairness norms as assessed via their enhanced visual attention to unfair versus fair outcomes in violation-of-expectation paradigms. The current study investigated whether 15-month-old infants select social partners on the basis of prior fair versus unfair behavior, and whether infants ...
Simpson Elizabeth A EA Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, , Parma 43215, - - 2014
There is strong evidence that neonates imitate previously unseen behaviours. These behaviours are predominantly used in social interactions, demonstrating neonates' ability and motivation to engage with others. Research on neonatal imitation can provide a wealth of information about the early mirror neuron system (MNS), namely its functional characteristics, its plasticity ...
Hunnius Sabine S Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, , Montessorilaan 3, Nijmegen 6500 HE Nijmegen, The - - 2014
From early in life, infants watch other people's actions. How do young infants come to make sense of actions they observe? Here, we review empirical findings on the development of action understanding in infancy. Based on this review, we argue that active action experience is crucial for infants' developing action ...
Nichols Tracy R - - 2014
The aim of this study was to understand adolescent mothers' childbirth experiences. Semistructured interviews were conducted with participants recruited from a community-based program for adolescent mothers. Fourteen mothers described their birth experiences. Using a narrative analytic approach, responses were reconstructed into birth stories. Stories, condensed into poetic form, were compared ...
Shah Punit P Department of Psychology, City University, London EC1R OJD, UK; Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre (MRC), Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, SE5 8AF, - - 2013
Newborn infants exhibit a remarkable tendency to orient to faces. This behavior is thought to be mediated by a subcortical mechanism tuned to the protoface stimulus: a face-like configuration comprising three dark areas on a lighter background. When this unique stimulus translates across their visual field, neurotypical infants will change ...
van Reenen Samantha - - 2013
Abstract In this study, researchers explored mothers' coping strategies in dealing with birth by unplanned Caesarean section. Mothers' experiences of a traumatic birth could be influenced by perceived strengths when coping with the stress related to the incident. Coping strategies could result in reassessment of the birth process and be associated ...
Crowther Susan S AUT University, New - - 2013
This paper focuses on the experience of sacred space at the moment of birth. Through the stories of those present, a powerful and vulnerable space is revealed, where something magical and deeply tender emerges, creating feelings of connection and transformative new possibilities. Sacred space is a revered and honoured space ...
Astor James - - 2013
In this interview with Warren Colman, James Astor speaks about his development as a Jungian analyst from his own experience of personal analysis in the 1960s to his recent retirement from clinical practice. The discussion covers his long association with Michael Fordham, the child analytic training at the SAP, the ...
Skerry Amy E AE Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA - - 2013
Do infants learn to interpret others' actions through their own experience producing goal-directed action, or does some knowledge of others' actions precede first-person experience? Several studies report that motor experience enhances action understanding, but the nature of this effect is not well understood. The present research investigates what is learned ...
Flacking Renée - - 2013
Becoming a parent of a preterm baby requiring neonatal care constitutes an extraordinary life situation in which parenting begins and evolves in a medical and unfamiliar setting. Although there is increasing emphasis within maternity and neonatal care on the influence of place and space upon the experiences of staff and ...
Harvey Kayla A - - 2013
Experiences of mothers of infants undergoing complex heart surgery were explored to build evidence-based family-centered interventions. Congenital heart disease is the most frequent birth defect in the United States and is common worldwide. Eight mothers recalled through journal entries their experiences of the days before, during, and after their infant's ...
Bornemark Jonna - - 2013
In phenomenology, theories of empathy are intimately connected with the question of how it is possible to have insight into the mind of the other person. In this article, the author wants to show why it is self-evident for us that the other person is having experiences. In order to ...
Cottrell Barbara H - - 2013
To explore the perinatal experiences of African American women in Florida for obtaining information about breastfeeding and also their breastfeeding experiences. This qualitative study utilized convenience sampling of 253 African American women 18 to 35 years old in three Florida counties. Data were derived from the Healthy Futures Perinatal Research ...
Burnham Natasha - - 2013
Purpose: To identify what parents need to feel ready for the discharge of their infant from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Design: Qualitative.Sample: 20 parents of infants admitted to a Canadian Level III NI CU were interviewed (2011-2012) and asked to identify what they require to feel ready for discharge. ...
Tooten Anneke A International Victimology Institute Tilburg, Tilburg University, The - - 2013
Parents experience a lot of positive and negative feelings and emotions after birth. The main purpose of this study was to compare perceptions and experiences of mothers and fathers with term, moderately and very preterm infants. We included 202 infants with both parents, divided into three groups: 1) term infants ...
Lewis Charlie - - 2013
Schilbach et al.'s model assumes that the ability to "experience" minds is already present in human infants and therefore falls foul of the very intellectualist problems it attempts to avoid. We propose an alternative relational, action-based account, which attempts to grasp how the individual's construction of knowledge develops within interactions.
Zamanzadeh Vahid - - 2013
This study examined mothers' experiences of the preparation of their infants for discharge in the Iranian neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) culture. Participants included 16 mothers who had preterm infants who were hospitalized in Iranian NICUs. A qualitative study was used to describe mothers' experiences of infant discharge from the ...
Banerjee Sunayana B - - 2013
Much of the literature on maternal behavior has focused on the role of infant experience and hormones in a canonical subcortical circuit for maternal motivation and maternal memory. Although early studies demonstrated that the cerebral cortex also plays a significant role in maternal behaviors, little has been done to explore ...
Plantinga Judy - - 2013
The origin of the Western preference for consonance remains unresolved, with some suggesting that the preference is innate. In Experiments 1 and 2 of the present study, 6-month-old infants heard six different consonant/dissonant pairs of stimuli, including those tested in previous research. In contrast to the findings of others, infants ...
Zieber Nicole - - 2013
Adults recognize emotions conveyed by bodies with comparable accuracy to facial emotions. However, no prior study has explored infants' perception of body emotions. In Experiment 1, 6.5-month-olds (n = 32) preferred happy over neutral actions of actors with covered faces in upright but not inverted silent videos. In Experiment 2, infants (n = 32) ...
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