Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 671
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Streit Uta U - - 2014
Numerous studies have emphasized the importance of body contact for health, regulation, and development of infants as well as for parent-child interaction. Especially for infants with regulatory disorders (such as excessive crying, sleeping, and feeding problems), high-quality physical contact would be desirable. Observations in the context of parental counseling suggest ...
Wen Xiaozhong X Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, - - 2014
To identify dietary patterns in US infants at age 6 and 12 months, sociodemographic differences in these patterns, and their associations with infant growth from age 6 to 12 months. We analyzed a subsample (760 boys and 795 girls) of the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007). Mothers reported their ...
Busch de Ahumada Luisa C LC Av. Las Heras 3898 3°H, 1425ATP, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Conveying that psychoanalysis offers rich opportunities for the very early treatment of autistic spectrum disorders, this clinical communication unfolds the clinical process of a 19 month-old 'shell-type' encapsulated mute autistic girl. It details how, in a four-weekly-sessions schedule, infant Lila evolved within two years from being emotionally out-of-contact to the affective ...
Bertini Giovanna G Division of Neonatology, FARBA Department, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, - - 2014
Healthy, full-term, exclusively breastfed infants are expected to lose weight in the first days after birth, but experts disagree about what constitutes a physiological neonatal weight loss and there is a lack of evidence-based data. Our study aimed to construct a centile chart of neonatal weight loss in a healthy ...
Bower Charles M CM Pediatric Otolaryngology, Arkansas Children's Hospital, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 1 Children's Way, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infant hearing loss is common. Screening is performed in more than 98% of US infants. Otolaryngologists play an important role in identification and management of infants and children who are deaf and hard of hearing. Otolaryngologists should routinely assess for hearing screening results and intervene for screens not passed. Long-term ...
Bryant M M Clinical Trials Research Unit, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Bradford, - - 2014
In many countries, routine data relating to growth of infants are collected as a means of tracking health and illness up to school age. These have potential to be used in research. For health monitoring and research, data should be accurate and reliable. This study aimed to determine the agreement ...
Wall Palak B PB Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of surgical factors on postoperative astigmatism in infants undergoing cataract extraction with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study is a multicenter clinical trial in which 114 infants with unilateral congenital cataracts were randomized to undergo cataract extraction with IOL placement or ...
Froehlich Jan J University of New England, Biddeford, ME, - - 2014
Increasing research suggests breastfeeding has many benfeits to mothers and children, yet breastfeeding duration rates remain well below Healthy People 2020 objectives. In order to increase breastfeeding rates, the complex role change in becoming a breastfeeding mother deserves closer examination.OBJECTIVE: This pilot study sought to explore the daily routines and ...
Bush Matthew L ML 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA; 2Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Lexington, Kentucky, USA; 3College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA; 4Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Commission for Children with Special Health Care Needs, Louisville, Kentucky, USA; and 5Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2014
Congenital hearing loss is a common problem, and timely identification and intervention are paramount for language development. Patients from rural regions may have many barriers to timely diagnosis and intervention. The purpose of this study was to examine the spatial and hospital-based distribution of failed infant hearing screening testing and ...
Tyler Crystal P - - 2014
The prevention of pregnancy, childbirth, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among teenagers has garnered recent attention both from public health and clinical organizations. In 2011, the U.S. birth rate among teenagers reached a historic low of 31.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years and has decreased 49% percent from ...
Streit Uta U - - 2014
This study concerns the influence of an improvement of body contact on regulatory disorders in infancy. Two interventions were examined: 1. parent counseling on the subject of body contact; 2. practical training of body contact in connection with exposure. Both methods were supplemented by a video-based parent training. 20 infants ...
Sharma Andrea J AJ US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Atlanta, Georgia; Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; and - - 2014
There is a dearth of information on the long-term maternal effects of breastfeeding. The objective of this study was to examine adherence to breastfeeding recommendations of exclusive breastfeeding for ≥4 months and continuation of breastfeeding for ≥1 year and maternal weight retention 6 years after delivery. Using data from the ...
Li Ruowei R Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; and - - 2014
Evidence suggests an association of breastfeeding with a maternal feeding style (MFS) that is less controlling than formula feeding, which, in turn, may improve a child's self-regulation of eating. This study examines associations of bottle-feeding practices during infancy with MFS and children's eating behavior (CEB) at 6 years old. We ...
Kaluarachchi Dinushan D From the *Department of Pediatrics and †Pediatric Residency Program, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, Bronx; and ‡Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, - - 2014
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections are associated with clinically significant rate of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in young infants. Previous research investigating RSV infections and UTIs has been performed mainly in infants younger than 2 to 3 months and has not focused on the risk of UTI in infants 3 ...
Kotani Hirokazu H Department of Forensic Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Yoshida-Konoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
An ectopic cervical thymus (ECT) is regarded as a rare congenital anomaly; therefore, the optimal diagnostic and therapeutic strategy remains a debatable matter. We designed a study to elucidate the clinicopathological characteristics of ECTs in consecutive, unselected infant autopsies, to help guide case management. We searched for ECTs in all ...
Flaherman Valerie J VJ Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, California, - - 2014
For mothers with breastfeeding difficulties, pumping can be recommended to help establish milk production. However, pumping may present some barriers to successful breastfeeding. Mothers with milk supply concern may be at higher risk of barriers to successful breastfeeding. No previous studies have described experiences of pumping among mothers with milk ...
Thomson Gill G Maternal and Infant Nutrition and Nurture Unit, School of Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, - - 2014
Emotions such as guilt and blame are frequently reported by non-breastfeeding mothers, and fear and humiliation are experienced by breastfeeding mothers when feeding in a public context. In this paper, we present new insights into how shame-related affects, cognitions and actions are evident within breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding women's narratives of ...
Peña Marcela M Laboratorio de Neurociencias Cognitivas, Escuela de Psicología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile mpenag@uc.cl - - 2014
Gaze following is an essential human communication cue that orients the attention of two interacting people to the same external object. This capability is robustly observed after 7 months of age in full-term infants. Do healthy preterm infants benefit from their early exposure to face-to-face interactions with other humans to ...
Suppiej A A Child Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Paediatric University Hospital, University of Padua, - - 2014
To evaluate whether wearing a wool cap, a routine practice used to prevent heat loss in premature infants, affects interpretation of electroencephalogram spectral analysis. Eighteen premature infants (median gestational age 28 weeks, range 23-32) without neurological complications were randomized to two channel (C3, C4 referred to Cz) digital electroencephalogram recordings ...
Christiansen Dorte M DM Department of Psychology, University of Aarhus, Bartholins Allé 9, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark; National Centre for Psychotraumatology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Parents bereaved by infant death experience a wide range of symptomatology, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may persist for years after the loss. Little research has been conducted on PTSD in fathers who have lost an infant. Mothers report most symptoms to a greater extent than fathers, but not ...
Srinivasan K R KR Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Missions Kirupananda Variyar Medical College , Salem, Tamilnadu, India - - 2014
During our routine postmortem examination, we found a female infant with "True Cyclopia." The two entire eye balls had fused completely to form one midline organ. The infant was a female who weighed 2910 g. The gestation period was 35 weeks. Infant lived for a short period of less than ...
Hay Jessica F JF University of Tennessee, - - 2014
Infants must develop both flexibility and constraint in their interpretation of acceptable word forms. The current experiments examined the development of infants' lexical interpretation of non-native variations in pitch contour. Fourteen-, 17-, and 19-month-olds (Experiments 1 and 2, N = 72) heard labels for two novel objects; labels contained the same syllable ...
Stevens Emily E EE Nursing Program, Chatham University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Stevens); School of Nursing, University of North Carolina, Wilmington (Dr Gazza); and Nursing Science, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Ohio (Dr - - 2014
Although extensive research has been conducted on preterm infant oral feeding, few investigations have examined parents' experiences learning to feed orally their preterm infant while in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). As such, the aim of this study was to explore parental learning experiences to gain a better understanding ...
Flacking Renée - - 2014
There has been an increased focus on place and space within maternity and neonatal care and how configuration of space influences the experiences of parents, babies and staff. Furthermore, although there is increasing emphasis upon family-centred care, research shows wide differences in NICUs' provision of facilities to enable parental presence ...
Angrisani Rosanna Giaffredo RG Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To follow the maturation of the auditory pathway of infants born small for gestational age term, by studying absolute and interpeak latencies of Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) in the first six months of life. Multicentric prospective longitudinal study. The ABR was carried out in the neonatal period in 96 newborn ...
Auger Anamarie A School of Education, University of California, - - 2014
The impact of a baby book intervention on promoting positive reading beliefs and increasing reading frequency for low-income, new mothers (n = 167) was examined. The Baby Books Project randomly assigned low-income, first-time mothers to one of three study conditions, receiving educational books, non-educational books, or no books, during pregnancy ...
Jiménez-Trigos E E Institute of Science and Animal Technology, Laboratorio de Biotecnología de la Reproducción, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia 46022, - - 2014
Intraoviductal transfer technique in combination with in vivo fertilisation has arisen as an effective technique to assess live births after transfer of slow-frozen oocytes in the rabbit. Nevertheless, the great disadvantage of this method is the accumulation of tubal fluid in a large number of females after clamping the oviducts. ...
Ulfsdottir Hanna - - 2014
Studies have suggested several risk factors for a negative birth experience among primiparas. Factors that are mentioned frequently include labour dystocia, operative intervention such as acute caesarean section or vacuum extraction, or the infant being transferred to neonatal care. Another important factor mentioned is lack of support from the midwife. ...
Toivonen Elli E School of Medicine, University of Tampere, Tampere, - - 2014
The optimal mode of breech birth remains controversial. In Finland, a trial of vaginal delivery is possible if strict selection criteria are met. As clinical practice in managing vaginal breech birth differs from that in normal delivery, the birth experience may also be different. This cohort study compares the childbirth ...
Ryninks Kirsty - - 2014
Guidelines surrounding maternal contact with the stillborn infant have been contradictory over the past thirty years. Most studies have reported that seeing and holding the stillborn baby is associated with fewer anxiety and depressive symptoms among mothers of stillborn babies than not doing so. In contrast, others studies suggest that ...
Bertenthal Bennett I - - 2014
Infants' understanding of a pointing gesture represents a major milestone in their communicative development. The current consensus is that infants are not capable of following a pointing gesture until 9-12 months of age. In this article, we present evidence from 4- and 6-month-old infants challenging this conclusion. Infants were tested ...
Cavalcanti Hannalice Gottschalck HG Department of Phonoaudiology, Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB), João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Newborn hearing screening has as its main objective the early identification of hearing loss in newborns and infants. In order to guarantee good results, quality indicators for newborn hearing screening programs are used as benchmarks. To observe and describe the reality of national newborn hearing screening programs in Brazil, and ...
Yu Hai H Department of Chemistry, University of California-Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 - - 2014
Two novel synthetic α2-6-linked disialyl hexasaccharides, disialyllacto-N-neotetraose (DSLNnT) and α2-6-linked disialyllacto-N-tetraose (DS'LNT), were readily obtained by highly efficient one-pot multienzyme (OPME) reactions. The sequential OPME systems described herein allowed the use of an inexpensive disaccharide and simple monosaccharides to synthesize the desired complex oligosaccharides with high efficiency and selectivity. DSLNnT ...
Johansson M M Karolinska Institutet So¨dersjukhuset, Department of Clinical Science and Education, Sjukhusbacken 10, SE-118 83 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
to develop greater understanding of how expectant fathers experience their partner׳s labour and the subsequent birth of their baby. a qualitative meta-synthesis. Data were search for in CINAHL, PubMed, Psych Info and SCOPUS. eight studies conducted in England, Malawi, Nepal and Sweden were included. 120 fathers with experiences of their ...
Kavšek Michael M Department of Psychology, Unit of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Bonn, Kaiser-Karl-Ring 9, 53111, Bonn, Germany, - - 2014
In a series of preferential-looking experiments, infants 5 to 6 months of age were tested for their responsiveness to crossed and uncrossed horizontal disparity. In Experiments 1 and 2, infants were presented with dynamic random dot stereograms displaying a square target defined by either a 0.5° crossed or a 0.5° ...
Betts Kim S KS School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Existing evidence has established that maternal infection during pregnancy and illness during early life are associated with later schizophrenia. No research has examined how the combination of these prenatal and postnatal exposures is linked to an increased risk to later schizophrenia and psychotic disorders. Participants from the Mater University Study ...
Holmberg Karin S M KS Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, - - 2014
The purpose was to examine mothers' experiences and feelings related to breastfeeding initiation from a two-decade perspective. A repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted at a maternity ward before and after introduction of Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) and in a follow-up survey. Women participated in 1992 (n = 83), 1993 (n = 74) and ...
Gerken Louann L Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, - - 2014
Infants have been shown to generalize from a small number of input examples. However, existing studies allow two possible means of generalization. One is via a process of noting similarities shared by several examples. Alternatively, generalization may reflect an implicit desire to explain the input. The latter view suggests that ...
Prieve Beth B Commun. Sci. and Disord., Syracuse Univ., 621 Skytop Rd., Syracuse, NY 13244, - - 2014
Wideband acoustic absorbance (WAA)/reflectance measures of the middle ear identify conductive hearing loss (CHL) in infants and children with excellent accuracy. Recent literature has indicated that WAA analyzed using maximum likelihood ratios in children with conductive hearing loss were more accurate than the clinical standard of single-frequency tympanometry at one ...
Gaunet Florence F Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, UMR 7920, FR 3 C, Bât 9, Case D, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix-Marseille Université, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331, Marseille Cedex 3, France, - - 2014
The study examines whether untrained dogs and infants take their caregiver's visual experience into account when communicating with them. Fifteen adult dogs and 15 one-year-old infants were brought into play with their caregivers with one of their own toys. The caregiver gave the toy to the experimenter, who, in different ...
Needham Amy A Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt - - 2014
How does perceptual learning take place early in life? Traditionally, researchers have focused on how infants make use of information within displays to organize it, but recently, increasing attention has been paid to the question of how infants perceive objects differently depending upon their recent interactions with the objects. This ...
Heyes Cecilia C All Souls College & Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, - - 2014
Can infants appreciate that others have false beliefs? Do they have a theory of mind? In this article I provide a detailed review of more than 20 experiments that have addressed these questions, and offered an affirmative answer, using nonverbal 'violation of expectation' and 'anticipatory looking' procedures. Although many of ...
Paz Pedro P Division of Neonatal Medicine, LAC + USC Medical Center, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Objective The aim of the study was to describe our experience using a modified nasal cannula to deliver nasal continuous positive airway pressure and/or nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation during primary neonatal resuscitation of preterm and term newborns. Study Design Data were collected retrospectively for all neonates resuscitated with nasal cannula in ...
Woods Rebecca J RJ Department of Human Development and Family Science, North Dakota State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants' ability to accurately represent and later recognize previously viewed objects, and conversely, to discriminate novel objects from those previously seen improves remarkably over the first two years of life. During this time, infants acquire extensive experience viewing and manipulating objects and these experiences influence their physical reasoning. Here we ...
Boor Brandon - - 2014
Infants spend most of their time sleeping and are likely to be exposed to elevated concentrations of chemicals released from their crib mattresses. Small-scale chamber experiments were conducted to determine the area-specific emission rates (SERs) of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in a collection of twenty new and used crib mattresses. ...
Walle Eric A - - 2014
Appreciating authentic and inauthentic emotional communication is central to the formation of trusting and intimate interpersonal relationships. However, when infants are able to discriminate and respond to inauthentic emotion has not been investigated. The present set of studies was designed to investigate infant sensitivity to 3 specific cues of inauthenticity: ...
Harris D L DL 1] Newborn Intensive Care Unit, Waikato District Health Board, Hamilton, New Zealand [2] Liggins Institute, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
Objective:Randomized trials are essential for improving outcomes, but researchers can be hesitant about undertaking clinical trials in newborn babies because of perceived vulnerability of the baby and risk of increasing parental anxiety. There is a paucity of evidence about the parental experience. We investigated mothers' experiences of having their newborn ...
Baker Rachel K RK Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada H4B 1R6. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of the present research was to examine whether infants associate different paths of motion with animate beings and inanimate objects. An infant-controlled habituation procedure was used to examine 10-20-month-old infants' ability to associate a non-linear motion path (jumping) with animals and a linear (rebounding) motion path with vehicles ...
Gerson Sarah A SA Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent findings across a variety of domains reveal the benefits of self-produced experience on object exploration, object knowledge, attention, and action perception. The influence of active experience may be particularly important in infancy, when motor development is undergoing great changes. Despite the importance of self-produced experience, we know that infants ...
Lewkowicz David J DJ Department of Psychology & Center for Complex Systems & Brain Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, FL, 33431. - - 2014
Perceptual narrowing reflects the effects of early experience and contributes in key ways to perceptual and cognitive development. Previous studies have found that unisensory perceptual sensitivity in young infants is broadly tuned such that they can discriminate native as well as non-native sensory inputs but that it is more narrowly ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >