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Results 401 - 450 of 656
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Nara T - - 1994
The development of the human medial superior olivary nucleus was studied in serial sections of 10 fetuses at 12-35 weeks of gestation (WG), an infant at 2 months of age and an adult of 63 years using an electronic planimeter with a computer. Morphometric analysis suggested that the development of ...
Reynolds A P - - 1994
The current practice of providing manganese supplementation to neonates on long term parenteral nutrition is leading to a high incidence of hypermanganesaemia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in adults on long term manganese parenteral nutrition have shown changes in TI weighted MRI images and similar findings in a neonate receiving ...
van Beek Y - - 1994
This study concerns the developing relationship between motor control and looking behaviour in full term (N = 15) and pre-term (N = 29) infants during face-to-face interaction with the mother at 6, 12 and 18 weeks of corrected age. Infants with inborn errors or major medical complications were excluded. In ...
Chen Y - - 1994
The association between prematurity and the prevalence of rickets was examined among 2,227 infants in Shanghai, China. The prevalence of rickets during subjects' first 18 months of life was 6.8% in boys and 4.6% in girls. Pre-term infants were more likely to have rickets than term (> or = 37 ...
Avissar N - - 1994
Extracellular glutathione peroxidase (eGPX) is a selenoglycoprotein distinct from cellular glutathione peroxidase (cGPX). The cDNA for eGPX has recently been cloned from human placenta. To determine whether human placenta makes both cGPX and eGPX and secretes eGPX, we used specific immunoprecipitations of 75Se metabolically labeled proteins from full-term placental explants ...
van Kranen-Mastenbroek V H - - 1994
Quality of spontaneous movements was studied in 15 healthy full-term appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and in 15 full-term small-for gestational age (SGA) newborn infants. All general movements with a minimal duration of 20 seconds were judged on different aspects of movement quality. From the general movements in each group ...
Smurzynski J - - 1994
Click-evoked and distortion-product otoacoustic emission (CEOE and DPOE) tests were performed 3-4 times on a weekly basis for 13 ears of 7 preterm infants. The CEOEs and DPOEs recorded from each individual ear were analyzed by calculating the root-mean-square (RMS) levels within half-octave bands and were also compared to the ...
Wolach B - - 1994
Newborn infants, particularly those born prematurely, are prone to develop life-threatening pyogenic infections. Different studies have demonstrated impairment of various aspects of the humoral immunity and the phagocytic activity of neutrophils in newborns. We conducted a comprehensive study evaluating the complement function (CH50 and AP50) and the level of the ...
Goyal A - - 1994
Severe upper gastrointestinal bleeding is unusual in newborns, and is usually seen in sick premature infants. We report on three healthy full-term neonates who, after uneventful deliveries, presented with profuse bleeding in the first 48 h of life. Two infants had duodenal ulcers and one had diffuse hemorrhagic gastritis. All ...
Scher M S - - 1994
One EEG sleep cycle was selected from each of ninety-four 3 h studies on 52 healthy neonates from 29 to 43 weeks post-conceptional ages (CA) (28 pre-term (PT)/24 full-term infants (FT); 51 are normal up to at least 18 months of age). Each record was reviewed to identify sharp wave ...
Scher M S - - 1994
One complete sleep cycle was selected in each of ninety-four 3 h EEG recordings on 52 healthy neonates from 29 to 43 weeks CA (28 pre-term (PT)/24 full-term (FT)); 51 who are neurodevelopmentally normal up to at least 18 months of age. Each recording was reviewed to identify positive temporal ...
Disdier P - - 1994
We report two cases of fibromyalgia occurring during the course of a long-standing narcolepsy/cataplexy. This association is probably not fortuitous and we propose an easy clinical procedure to search for narcolepsy/cataplexy in these patients. Narcolepsy/cataplexy is a treatable condition requiring drugs that in turn may improve in the long-term symptoms ...
Backe B - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the precision of routine ultrasound term prediction. DESIGN: Population based follow-up without intervention. SETTING: Ultrasound screening in routine clinical practice. MATERIAL: 1650 women residing in one Norwegian county giving birth during a 12-month period. All pregnancies were singleton with spontaneous onset of labor, all records contained ...
Kitapçi F - - 1994
Serum chromium levels of hypoglycemic preterm and full-term babies were investigated. Normoglycemic preterm and full-term babies were selected as the control group. There was no statistically significant difference in serum Cr levels between preterm and full-term, hypoglycemic and normoglycemic, preterm hypoglycemic and preterm normoglycemic, full-term hypoglycemic and full-term normoglycemic babies. ...
Pryce C R CR Anthropologisches Institut, Universität Zürich-Irchel, Zürich, - - 1993
This article reviews a long-term investigation into the roles of (1) experience obtained with infants during development and postnatally, and (2) levels of reproductive-steroid hormones during late pregnancy, in the regulation of maternal caregiving motivation and behaviour in the red-bellied tamarin (Saguinus labiatus) and the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) (family ...
Boediman D - - 1993
Plasma triglyceride and apolipoprotein CII (apo CII) levels were measured in normal full-term infants and low-birth-weight infants at birth (from umbilical cord blood at 0 weeks), as well as at 2, 3, 4, 8, 24, and 48 weeks of age, and the relationship between plasma triglyceride and apo CII levels ...
Rutter N - - 1993
It has previously been shown that a soft mattress lessens the degree of head flattening that occurs in preterm infants in the early weeks of life. A follow up study of 31 infants of < 32 weeks' gestation found head flattening had resolved by 3-4 years of age, regardless of ...
Rossdale P D - - 1993
This review summarises comparative aspects of equine pregnancy and birth. The allantochorion covers the entire endometrial surface of the mare's uterus and the placenta is microcotyledonary and epitheliochorial in structure. The foetus has, therefore, to pass through the allantochorion at birth. The umbilical cord has amniotic and allantoic portions and ...
Uysal S - - 1993
In this study the maturation of the central nervous system of full-term and premature infants were investigated electrophysiologically. The subjects were 16 full-term and 15 premature infants. Neurologic examination, psychometric tests, and measurement of evoked potentials were carried out periodically in babies who had no birth trauma, metabolic disorder, or ...
Panayotacopoulou M T - - 1993
Tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive (TH-IR) neurons were found in the developing human paraventricular and supraoptic nucleus. In the preterm infants only few, small, incompletely differentiated TH-IR neurons were evident in a minority of the cases. In the full-term infants a considerable but strongly variable population of morphologically mature TH-IR perikarya was observed ...
Johnston C C - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to examine the behavioural responses of infants to pain stimuli across different developmental ages. Eighty infants were included in this cross-sectional design. Four subsamples of 20 infants each included: (1) premature infants between 32 and 34 weeks gestational age undergoing heel-stick procedure; (2) full-term ...
Wilson S - - 1993
Plaque removal is an important part of good oral hygiene. Many short-term studies have compared the effectiveness of an electric toothbrush in plaque removal to that of a conventional, manual toothbrush. Previous studies proved the electric toothbrush to be more effective on a short-term basis; however, little is known about ...
Tamaro G - - 1993
Immunoglobulins IgA, IgG and IgM and complement factors C3 and C4 have been measured in a population of premature infants to evaluate their degree of immunological maturity. All the infants were receiving complete parenteral nutrition. In parallel, the same parameters were measured in twenty two full term, healthy neonates. To ...
Schaffer A B - - 1993
Long-term augmentation of the severely resorbed alveolar ridge with particulate hydroxylapatite (HA) has proved problematic. In this study, 70 patients were treated with a combination of HA granules and dense nonresorbable HA particles strung on a resorbable suture matrix. Fifty-five patients have been observed for 12 to 50 months. The ...
Agam G - - 1993
The present study investigates the erythrocyte Li+i-Na+o countertransport (CT) in the newborn. Erythrocytes of term infants exhibit no or very low CT activity at birth (0.025 +/- 0.011 mmol Li/l RBC.h). CT rates increase gradually and reach adult values within the 4th-7th day of life (0.225 +/- 0.018 mmol Li/l ...
Wilczynski N L - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine the retrieval characteristics of methodologic textwords and MeSH terms in MEDLINE for identifying methodologically sound studies on the etiology, prognosis, diagnosis, and prevention and treatment of disorders in general adult medicine. DESIGN: Comparison of methodologic search terms and phrases for the retrieval of citations in MEDLINE with ...
Yurdakök M - - 1993
Plasma chromium (Cr) levels were determined in 24 preterms and 18 full-term newborn infants. There was no statistically significant differences in plasma Cr levels between the preterm and full-term infants. Plasma Cr levels were similar in small-for-gestational-age infants and in infants with hypoglycemia compared with healthy infants.
Broberger U - - 1993
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between neonatal clinical conditions and the development of senso-motoric handicaps. Two hundred and sixty-two infants with a birth weight < 1500 g, born in or referred to the Karolinska/S:t Göran's Children Hospital from September 1988 to April 1992 were studied ...
Moon J K - - 1993
Portable whole body indirect calorimeters were constructed for full-term (2.5- to 8-kg) and preterm (1- to 2.5-kg) infants. A new calibration system significantly increased the accuracy of flowmeters and gas analyzers. Performance tests with N2 and CO2 infusions and butane combustion demonstrated that the error of individual measurements of O2 ...
Kojima T - - 1992
We attempted to determine the plasma endothelin-1-like immunoreactivity (ET-1) levels and to evaluate its physiological significance in 29 neonates: 5 with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), 3 with transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN), 4 with neonatal asphyxia, 5 with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) following RDS, 7 healthy preterm infants and 5 ...
Duara S - - 1992
The influence of maturation on extrathoracic airway (ETA) stability during quiet sleep was determined in 13 normal preterm infants of 1.41 +/- 0.14 (SD) kg birth weight and 32 +/- 2 wk estimated gestational age. Studies began in the first week of life and were performed three times at weekly ...
Tuohy J F - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reported association between field trisomy 13 and maternal pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-five women who gave birth to trisomy 13 infants in southwest England between 1971 and 1989; 38 women who gave birth to trisomy 18 infants in the same region over the ...
Fagan D G - - 1992
Fetal haemoglobin levels have been measured prospectively in 135 autopsy cases of sudden, unexpected infant deaths (31 pre-term, 104 full term) using standard laboratory methods. These results have been compared with Hb F values from a normal control group of 570 living infants (145 pre-term, 425 full-term) with a post-conceptional ...
De Vries L S - - 1992
One full-term and three premature newborns with a unilateral thalamic haemorrhage are reported. The lesion was diagnosed using cranial ultrasonography and confirmed in three using magnetic resonance imaging. Severe perinatal asphyxia occurred in all infants. The neonatal clinical history, subsequent neuro-developmental outcome and neuroimaging findings are discussed. As the prognosis ...
Basso G - - 1992
A detailed analysis of immunophenotype of 112 infants aged less than 18 months with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) was performed. Patients were divided into three groups on the basis of age at presentation (under 6 months: group 1: 6-12 months: group 2; 13-18 months: group 3). There were three cases ...
Sasidharan P - - 1992
Perinatal asphyxia is a cause of significant morbidity among full term infants, but breathing abnormalities after an asphyxic insult have not been studied. This report details breathing patterns of 16 full term asphyxiated infants, during the first week of life who were studied by transthoracic impedance pneumocardiograms. Pneumocardiograms were abnormal ...
Fledelius H C - - 1992
Refraction and axial eye dimensions, evaluated by ultrasound measurements, were investigated in 101 pre-term infants and 25 full-term controls. Gestational ages in the pre-term group ranged from 25 to 34 weeks, birth weights from 728 to 2480 g. All were seen in the eye clinic due to risk of developing ...
Carmi D - - 1992
The umbilical venous hematocrit at birth (Hct 1) and the peripheral venous hematocrit at 2 h of life (Hct 2) were determined in 78 healthy full-term and 14 healthy preterm newborn infants. Hct 1 was 51.6 +/- 4.1% in full-term infants and 50.8 +/- 4% in preterm infants. Hct 2 ...
Phibbs R H - - 1992
There is a high level of erythropoiesis in the growing fetus. In utero relative hypoxia results in a relatively high haematocrit and predominant synthesis of haemoglobin F, with erythropoietin (EPO) produced in the liver regulating erythropoiesis. At birth after full-term pregnancy, fetal EPO concentrations are high, but decline progressively thereafter. ...
Karniski W - - 1992
The maturation of latency and scalp voltage topography of the simultaneously bilateral somatosensory evoked potential was studied in 53 neurologically intact pre-term and term infants, from 31 to 40 weeks post-menstrual age. Four peaks (N1, P1, N2 and P2) were reliably identified in all infants. The latency of each peak ...
Eishima K - - 1991
A special video camera devised by the author and a fiberscope were used to film the neonatal sucking response of 50 low-risk full-term newborn infants on the 5th day after birth. Analysis of the sucking behaviour showed that the sucking movements consist mainly of a peristaltic tongue movement and two ...
Weathersbee A A AA - - 1991
A slow-release, briquet formulation of methoprene produced long-term residual activity against Psorophora columbiae larvae in 37.2 m2 (400 ft2) rice plots. An application rate of 1 briquet/9.3 m2 (1/100 ft2) provided significantly (P less than 0.05) greater reduction of adult mosquito emergence (98.2%) than did a rate of 1 briquet/18.6 ...
Thorkelsson T - - 1991
Terbutaline is a beta-sympathomimetic agent that has gained wide use in obstetrics as a tocolytic agent. In addition to inhibiting uterine contractions, terbutaline can cause other clinically significant beta-mediated effects. Terbutaline readily crosses the placenta, and both fetal and neonatal toxicity have been reported. We report possible cardiovascular toxicity secondary ...
Ohr P S - - 1991
The learning and memory of twenty 3-month-old infants with Down syndrome was compared with that of 20 infants without handicaps using an operant conditioning task known as mobile conjugate reinforcement. The infants were trained for 2 days to produce movement in an overhead crib mobile by kicking and were reexposed ...
Ruah C B - - 1991
To our knowledge, the normal changes that occur in the tympanic membrane after birth have not been described, despite several reports that their otoscopic appearance in healthy, full-term infants is different from that in adults. To provide such a description, the tympanic membranes of 54 temporal bones that had no ...
Foreman N - - 1991
Thirty-three full-term infants and thirty-eight preterm infants (on average born at 30 weeks gestation) were tested for their latency to turn toward checkered stimulus patterns (phasic orienting or "attention-getting") and for the duration of their initial fixation (tonic orienting or "attention-holding"). Plotted against the logarithm of the subjects' postconceptional age, ...
Srugo I - - 1991
This study examined lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced in vitro secretion of interleukin-1 (IL-1) by peripheral blood monocytes from pre-term infants with and without sepsis. Thirteen pre-term babies were tested; eight were completely healthy and five suffered from six episodes of sepsis. The latter group was tested both in the acute septic ...
Jain N - - 1991
The cellular composition of colostrum (within 72 hours post partum) and mature milk samples (5th-7th day post partum) from 20 mothers delivering preterm babies and 20 mothers delivering full term babies was examined. Lymphocyte subsets including T cells, B cells, T4 and T8 cells were quantitated by indirect immunoperoxidase staining ...
Alonso-deFlorida F - - 1991
In the sympathetic ganglion a high frequency conditioning train produces a post-train potentiation (PTrP) which decays with a temporal course that can be described by two components: an early faster component known as post-tetanic potentiation (PTP), and a long-lasting one which is known as long-term potentiation (LTP). The magnitude of ...
Litwin A - - 1991
Clitoromegaly in the neonatal period is an important morphological sign. There are only few reports establishing an objective assessment of clitoral size. The present study establishes normal standards for clitoral length in healthy premature and full-term infants. The data are expressed at the same time in relation to both gestational ...
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