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Results 401 - 450 of 683
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Hayes M J - - 1997
Postmature infants calm less when presented with sucrose solutions than term infants. To further assess the influence of postmaturity on sucrose responsivity, several motoric responses were examined in healthy term neonates and chronically stressed postmature (> or = 288 days gestational age (GA) e.g., > 41 weeks) neonates with Clifford's ...
Tagawa N - - 1997
We have established a method for quantifying serum 16-dehydropregnenolone (3beta-hydroxy-5,16-pregnadien-20-one) sulfate (16-DHP S) by GC-MS. The levels of 16-DHP S at birth were compared in infants grouped as extremely immature (gestational age: 22-27 weeks), pre-term (gestational age: 28-36 weeks) and full-term (gestational age: 37-41 weeks). The average of the serum ...
Lakhani M - - 1997
We tested the hypothesis that the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) of neonates is more sensitive to furosemide (FU) in vitro than that of adults. Phagocytosis was monitored by chemiluminescence of PMNs in cord blood of full-term (n = 10) and preterm (n = 8) neonates in the presence ...
Parmigiani S - - 1997
We have evaluated the value of reactive oxygen metabolites (ROMs) in 98 full-term neonates at 72 +/- 6 hours of life with a new colorimetric simple and rapid method (d-ROMs Test, Diacron s.r.l.) to establish the normal values for infants. The mean value of ROMs we have obtained in the ...
Stocks J - - 1996
We have previously shown that the strength of the Hering-Breuer inflation reflex (HBIR) diminishes between 2 and 12 mo of age in full-term babies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the onset of this decline had commenced by 3 to 4 mo of age in healthy full-term ...
Famodu A A - - 1996
Selected variables of the fibrinolytic system were assessed in 55 full-term and 35 preterm neonates along with 70 normal healthy adults as controls. Fibrinogen levels were lower in full- and preterm neonates [2.10 +/- 0.12, and 2.30 +/- 0.18 v. 3.12 +/- 0.12, (P < 0.001)]. There was an increased ...
Liang Z - - 1996
This paper examines the long-term patterns of migration within China between 1950 and 1988. The analysis uses data from China's 1988 2/1,000 Fertility and Birth Control Survey, which asks respondents about their most recent interprovincial move. The results suggest that long-term migration patterns can be explained by political and economic ...
Link G - - 1996
This study addressed the intrauterine elimination of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) in 15 preterm and 31 full-term infants, thereby providing estimates of fetal vitamin consumption as well as maternal vitamin requirements during pregnancy. Elimination was calculated as the difference in the plasma PLP concentration between umbilical vein and umbilical artery times ...
Snir M - - 1996
AIMS: To evaluate the development and course of Bell's phenomenon (BP) in premature and normal neonates. METHODS: Twenty seven preterm infants and 42 healthy full term infants were studied. Mean birth weight, gestational age, and head circumference were recorded. BP was graded from no response to full response. The premature ...
Geerdink J J - - 1996
In a sample of 13 full-term and 10 preterm infants, the development of kicking movements was studied at 6, 12, and 18 weeks (corrected) age. In healthy full-term infants some characteristics are strikingly stable, such as the duration of the flexion and extension phase and the within-joint organization. These parameters ...
de Vries L S - - 1996
The additional information, obtained when using the posterior fontanelle routinely as the second acoustic window, is illustrated in four infants. Three of them are full-term infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. In newborn infants, who are still too unstable to be transported to the magnetic resonance unit, extensive damage in the ...
Phillipov G - - 1996
A study was undertaken to assess the short-term (intrapregnancy) and long-term (interpregnancy) variability of the 1-h 50-g oral glucose challenge test (GCT). Two groups of pregnant women had GCTs in consecutive pregnancies, 1 (n = 77) and 2 (n = 43) years apart. Their results were compared with published results ...
MacGregor E A - - 1996
"Menstrual" migraine, a term misused by both patients and doctors, lacks precise definition. This dissertation critically reviews papers on the subject and examines the problem from a clinical perspective. A definition is proposed that the term "menstrual" migraine should be restricted to attacks exclusively starting on or between day 1 ...
Fabre E - - 1996
Our aim was to compare the fetal mortality rate (FMR), early neonatal mortality rate (ENMR) and perinatal mortality rate (PMR) of post-term and term births, 2) to examine trends in the incidence and perinatal mortality rates of post-term and term births. We used data from Spanish Perinatal Mortality Survey of ...
Omar S A - - 1996
Interleukin 3 (IL-3) is a pluripotent hematopoietic growth factor that stimulates proliferation, differentiation, and function of multiple cell lineages. We examined the effects of recombinant human IL-3 (rhIL-3) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNC) isolated from 18 premature human newborns with birth weights between 600 and 1,500 g at birth ...
van Houten J P - - 1996
The objective of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence and types of cranial ultrasound abnormalities in full-term infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). We reviewed the cranial ultrasound scans of 49 full-term infants with CHD and compared them to 42 healthy full-term control infants. The relationship of each ...
Cano-Morales S - - 1996
The identification of human IgG immunoglobulins on the surface of Vibrio cholerae O1, and Haemophilus influenzae type b microorganisms was assessed via a flow cytometric technique. A group of 31 healthy mother-full term newborn duo sera from a non-endemic cholera area was assayed. The sera of mothers and full-term newborns ...
Yurdakök M - - 1995
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amino acid levels including excitatory amino acids (i.e. glutamate and aspartate) in 25 preterm and 18 full-term newborn infants with no serious disease except intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were measured. ICH was detected in 13 preterm and six full-term infants on the basis of the clinical, lumbar puncture ...
Morlet T - - 1995
In neonates and infants, hearing impairment leads to impaired language and cognitive development. For that reason, early detection of this sensory deficit is of outstanding importance, particularly in pre-term neonates, who constitute a high risk population in regard to very early acquired hearing loss. Evoked (EOAE) and spontaneous otoacoustic emission ...
Adamson S J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Preliminary investigation of the contribution of adverse antepartum and intrapartum factors to neonatal encephalopathy in singleton neonates born full term. DESIGN: Matched case-control study based on incidence density sampling of controls. SETTING: Two major teaching hospitals (one paediatric and one obstetric) and three peripheral maternity hospitals in Perth, Western ...
Monterosso L - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of a postural support nappy (PSN) would reduce the features of 'flattened posture' in the lower extremities of infants < 31 weeks gestation who are nursed prone. METHODOLOGY: Randomized, observer blind, controlled trial conducted at King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Perth, Western Australia. ...
van Oostenbrugge R J - - 1995
In this study we analysed the spontaneous postural behaviour of seven pre-term infants of 30 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). Each infant was observed for a 3-h observation period and each minute a sketch of the resting-posture was made. Analysis of the postures included the complete observed posture, the distribution of ...
Zancanaro C - - 1995
The ultrastructure of brown adipose tissue (BAT), the thermogenic type of adipose tissue, was investigated in biopsies from 4 pre-term human new-borns delivered at 25-27 week's gestational age and compared with peri-renal brown fat from 2 adult patients with phaeochromocytoma (a condition of brown fat activation). The cell size of ...
Bard H - - 1995
The change in G gamma to A gamma ratio in relation to the switchover of fetal HB (HbF) to adult Hb (alpha 2 beta 2) synthesis has not been well defined. The gamma-globins of HbF (alpha 2 gamma 2) have either glycine (G gamma) or alanine (A gamma) at position ...
Chatow U - - 1995
The changes in the power spectra of heart rate (HR) fluctuations, in particular the total power (within 0.02-2.0 Hz) and the power in the low- (0.02-0.2 Hz) and high- (0.2-2.0 Hz) frequency ranges, were computed from the ECG and respiratory signals of 59 premature and full-term infants. The objective of ...
Larsen L G - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Placental insufficiency has been considered the cause of increased morbidity in infants delivered postmaturely. Former quantitative studies have indicated a decrease in some placental structures just before term. In this study we describe a method of dual perfusion fixation to provide tissue for stereologic examination. Postmature placentas were examined ...
Longree L - - 1995
A 25 year old woman with chronic myelogenous leukaemia was treated for 27 months with alpha-interferon, leading to complete haematological and cytogenetic remission. One year after interruption of treatment, she became pregnant and delivered a healthy full term infant. This case provides further evidence in support of the safety of ...
Nara T - - 1994
The development of the human medial superior olivary nucleus was studied in serial sections of 10 fetuses at 12-35 weeks of gestation (WG), an infant at 2 months of age and an adult of 63 years using an electronic planimeter with a computer. Morphometric analysis suggested that the development of ...
Reynolds A P - - 1994
The current practice of providing manganese supplementation to neonates on long term parenteral nutrition is leading to a high incidence of hypermanganesaemia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in adults on long term manganese parenteral nutrition have shown changes in TI weighted MRI images and similar findings in a neonate receiving ...
van Beek Y - - 1994
This study concerns the developing relationship between motor control and looking behaviour in full term (N = 15) and pre-term (N = 29) infants during face-to-face interaction with the mother at 6, 12 and 18 weeks of corrected age. Infants with inborn errors or major medical complications were excluded. In ...
Chen Y - - 1994
The association between prematurity and the prevalence of rickets was examined among 2,227 infants in Shanghai, China. The prevalence of rickets during subjects' first 18 months of life was 6.8% in boys and 4.6% in girls. Pre-term infants were more likely to have rickets than term (> or = 37 ...
Avissar N - - 1994
Extracellular glutathione peroxidase (eGPX) is a selenoglycoprotein distinct from cellular glutathione peroxidase (cGPX). The cDNA for eGPX has recently been cloned from human placenta. To determine whether human placenta makes both cGPX and eGPX and secretes eGPX, we used specific immunoprecipitations of 75Se metabolically labeled proteins from full-term placental explants ...
van Kranen-Mastenbroek V H - - 1994
Quality of spontaneous movements was studied in 15 healthy full-term appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and in 15 full-term small-for gestational age (SGA) newborn infants. All general movements with a minimal duration of 20 seconds were judged on different aspects of movement quality. From the general movements in each group ...
Smurzynski J - - 1994
Click-evoked and distortion-product otoacoustic emission (CEOE and DPOE) tests were performed 3-4 times on a weekly basis for 13 ears of 7 preterm infants. The CEOEs and DPOEs recorded from each individual ear were analyzed by calculating the root-mean-square (RMS) levels within half-octave bands and were also compared to the ...
Wolach B - - 1994
Newborn infants, particularly those born prematurely, are prone to develop life-threatening pyogenic infections. Different studies have demonstrated impairment of various aspects of the humoral immunity and the phagocytic activity of neutrophils in newborns. We conducted a comprehensive study evaluating the complement function (CH50 and AP50) and the level of the ...
Goyal A - - 1994
Severe upper gastrointestinal bleeding is unusual in newborns, and is usually seen in sick premature infants. We report on three healthy full-term neonates who, after uneventful deliveries, presented with profuse bleeding in the first 48 h of life. Two infants had duodenal ulcers and one had diffuse hemorrhagic gastritis. All ...
Scher M S - - 1994
One EEG sleep cycle was selected from each of ninety-four 3 h studies on 52 healthy neonates from 29 to 43 weeks post-conceptional ages (CA) (28 pre-term (PT)/24 full-term infants (FT); 51 are normal up to at least 18 months of age). Each record was reviewed to identify sharp wave ...
Scher M S - - 1994
One complete sleep cycle was selected in each of ninety-four 3 h EEG recordings on 52 healthy neonates from 29 to 43 weeks CA (28 pre-term (PT)/24 full-term (FT)); 51 who are neurodevelopmentally normal up to at least 18 months of age. Each recording was reviewed to identify positive temporal ...
Disdier P - - 1994
We report two cases of fibromyalgia occurring during the course of a long-standing narcolepsy/cataplexy. This association is probably not fortuitous and we propose an easy clinical procedure to search for narcolepsy/cataplexy in these patients. Narcolepsy/cataplexy is a treatable condition requiring drugs that in turn may improve in the long-term symptoms ...
Backe B - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the precision of routine ultrasound term prediction. DESIGN: Population based follow-up without intervention. SETTING: Ultrasound screening in routine clinical practice. MATERIAL: 1650 women residing in one Norwegian county giving birth during a 12-month period. All pregnancies were singleton with spontaneous onset of labor, all records contained ...
Kitapçi F - - 1994
Serum chromium levels of hypoglycemic preterm and full-term babies were investigated. Normoglycemic preterm and full-term babies were selected as the control group. There was no statistically significant difference in serum Cr levels between preterm and full-term, hypoglycemic and normoglycemic, preterm hypoglycemic and preterm normoglycemic, full-term hypoglycemic and full-term normoglycemic babies. ...
Pryce C R CR Anthropologisches Institut, Universität Zürich-Irchel, Zürich, - - 1993
This article reviews a long-term investigation into the roles of (1) experience obtained with infants during development and postnatally, and (2) levels of reproductive-steroid hormones during late pregnancy, in the regulation of maternal caregiving motivation and behaviour in the red-bellied tamarin (Saguinus labiatus) and the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) (family ...
Boediman D - - 1993
Plasma triglyceride and apolipoprotein CII (apo CII) levels were measured in normal full-term infants and low-birth-weight infants at birth (from umbilical cord blood at 0 weeks), as well as at 2, 3, 4, 8, 24, and 48 weeks of age, and the relationship between plasma triglyceride and apo CII levels ...
Rutter N - - 1993
It has previously been shown that a soft mattress lessens the degree of head flattening that occurs in preterm infants in the early weeks of life. A follow up study of 31 infants of < 32 weeks' gestation found head flattening had resolved by 3-4 years of age, regardless of ...
Rossdale P D - - 1993
This review summarises comparative aspects of equine pregnancy and birth. The allantochorion covers the entire endometrial surface of the mare's uterus and the placenta is microcotyledonary and epitheliochorial in structure. The foetus has, therefore, to pass through the allantochorion at birth. The umbilical cord has amniotic and allantoic portions and ...
Uysal S - - 1993
In this study the maturation of the central nervous system of full-term and premature infants were investigated electrophysiologically. The subjects were 16 full-term and 15 premature infants. Neurologic examination, psychometric tests, and measurement of evoked potentials were carried out periodically in babies who had no birth trauma, metabolic disorder, or ...
Panayotacopoulou M T - - 1993
Tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive (TH-IR) neurons were found in the developing human paraventricular and supraoptic nucleus. In the preterm infants only few, small, incompletely differentiated TH-IR neurons were evident in a minority of the cases. In the full-term infants a considerable but strongly variable population of morphologically mature TH-IR perikarya was observed ...
Johnston C C - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to examine the behavioural responses of infants to pain stimuli across different developmental ages. Eighty infants were included in this cross-sectional design. Four subsamples of 20 infants each included: (1) premature infants between 32 and 34 weeks gestational age undergoing heel-stick procedure; (2) full-term ...
Wilson S - - 1993
Plaque removal is an important part of good oral hygiene. Many short-term studies have compared the effectiveness of an electric toothbrush in plaque removal to that of a conventional, manual toothbrush. Previous studies proved the electric toothbrush to be more effective on a short-term basis; however, little is known about ...
Tamaro G - - 1993
Immunoglobulins IgA, IgG and IgM and complement factors C3 and C4 have been measured in a population of premature infants to evaluate their degree of immunological maturity. All the infants were receiving complete parenteral nutrition. In parallel, the same parameters were measured in twenty two full term, healthy neonates. To ...
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