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Results 351 - 400 of 655
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Festen C - - 1998
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to obtain insight into the short- and long-term results of treatment of perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano in infants. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of the records of patients treated over a 21-year period from January 1974 until December 1994 in a Pediatric ...
Harries S R - - 1998
The first long-term follow-up of the use of the Antheor inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is presented. Between December 1994 and December 1996, 20 Antheor IVC filters were inserted. Seven patients subsequently died and of the 13 patients remaining alive, 11 were available for long-term follow-up. One death was due ...
Linder N - - 1998
This study was designed to investigate the placental transfer of maternal poliovirus antibodies in full-term and pre-term infants. Two hundred healthy, Israeli born mothers and their infants, were enrolled immediately after birth. The study population comprised two groups: a full-term group of 150 mothers and their infants, and a pre-term ...
Marbella A M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in length of hospital stay, hospital charges, and readmission rates of Wisconsin newborns from 1989 through 1994 in light of recent policies requiring earlier discharges after delivery of newborns. METHODOLOGY: Two data sources were used: 1) 1989-1994 Hospital Inpatient Discharge Data from the Wisconsin Office of ...
Link G - - 1998
In thirteen preterm infants, 45 full-term infants, and their mothers thiamin was analyzed in plasma from maternal veins, umbilical arteries, umbilical veins, and placental tissue. The blood flow in the umbilical veins was determined by pulsed Doppler ultrasonography. Thiamin-dependent transketolase was measured in erythrocytes from full-term infants and their mothers. ...
Trevisanuto D - - 1998
Cardiac troponin T (TnT) is a regulatory contractile protein whose detection in the circulation has been shown to be a specific and sensitive marker for ischemic myocardial cell injury both in adult and pediatric populations. We measured serum cardiac TnT in 15 consecutive full-term neonates presenting with bradycardia and electrocardiographic ...
Thong M - - 1998
In a study of 1,002 consecutive Malaysian male newborns, 48 (4.8%) were found to have undescended testes (UDT). The rate and laterality of the UDT were associated with lower birth weight (P < 0.001) and prematurity (P < 0.001). Boys with UDT were also more likely to have other congenital ...
Giannacopoulou C - - 1998
To investigate the factors which affect the concentrations of the total, the free, and the acylcarnitine in neonates, blood was taken from the umbilical cord of 49 newborn infants ranging in gestation age (g. a.) from 32-40 weeks (mean g. a.: 36.8 +/- 2.6 weeks) and in birth weight (b. ...
Chatrath R - - 1997
The immune status of 25 full-term small-for-gestational age neonates was studied and compared with another 25 term appropriate-for-gestational age neonates, who served as controls. It was observed that the term SGA's had an altered immunological profile. The lymphocyte percentage was low. Cellular immunity as assessed by CD4 and CD8 subset ...
Tagawa N - - 1997
Temporal changes of the serum levels of 16-hydroxypregnenolone (3beta,16alpha-dihydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one) 3-sulfate (16-OH-Preg S) and 16-hydroxydehydroepiandrosterone (3beta,16alpha-dihydroxy-5-androsten-17-one) 3-sulfate (16-OH-DHEA S) were investigated by analyzing the levels of their precursor steroids, pregnenolone (3beta-hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one) 3-sulfate (Preg S) and dehydroepiandrosterone (3beta-hydroxy-5-androsten-17-one) 3-sulfate (DHEA S), respectively, in the early neonatal period. The serum levels of these ...
Krumbiegel P - - 1997
The non-distressing [15N]methacetin liver function test was modified and applied to newborn healthy infants in order to measure both the total [15N]methacetin metabolites excreted in the urine (total elimination capacity) and the proportion of glucuronated metabolite. By studying pre- and full-term normotrophic neonates 3-168 days old, the age-dependent maturation of ...
Andreou A - - 1997
A full-term, small-for-gestational-age, neonate was born 4 days after rupture of the membranes. On the 5th day of life, she developed sepsis due to Klebsiella pneumoniae. On the 18th day of life, the right hip was noted swollen with limited range of motion, but it was painless on passive movements. ...
Warren R H - - 1997
Preterm infant tidal breathing may be different from that of healthy full-term infants because of various features of the premature thorax. The purpose of this project was to describe chest wall motion in the preterm infant (gestational age <37 weeks) and compare it with chest wall motion data in a ...
Gould S J - - 1997
In 1979, Lewontin and I borrowed the architectural term "spandrel" (using the pendentives of San Marco in Venice as an example) to designate the class of forms and spaces that arise as necessary byproducts of another decision in design, and not as adaptations for direct utility in themselves. This proposal ...
Dua A D - - 1997
Polygraphic respiratory recordings of 60 neonates were obtained from the infants in paediatric intensive care unit of a large public hospital. Thirty infants were pre-term and thirty infants were in the term (control) group. The recordings were analysed for periodic breathing and apnoeic episodes. Results were also determined for apnoeic ...
Mück K - - 1997
The long-term decrease in activity concentrations in various foodstuffs relevant for the long-term ingestion dose after a nuclear fallout is reviewed. The effective decrease observed in various countries of Central Europe after the Chernobyl accident are compared to the effective decrease observed after the atmospheric nuclear weapons testing. The presentation ...
Chen J D - - 1997
The aim of this study was to investigate the developmental change of gastric myoelectrical activity in humans. Five groups of healthy subjects were studied, including 10 preterm newborns, 8 full-term newborns, 8 full-term infants (ages 2-6 mo), 9 children (ages 4-11 yr), and 9 adults. Gastric myoelectrical activity was recorded ...
Tierney P A - - 1997
Although subglottic cysts have previously been reported as a cause of airway obstruction in the neonate, they have previously been considered to be a relatively rare cause. Cystic narrowing of the subglottis has been associated with endotracheal intubation. With improving survival of pre-term infants the incidence of the condition could ...
van Kranen-Mastenbroek V H - - 1997
No consensus exists concerning the influence of head position and head position change on body posture and motility. Especially the existence of an asymmetric tonic neck reflex (ATNR) in full-term newborns is an issue of discussion. Three-hour video recordings were made of 15 full-term appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and ...
Nyu A - - 1997
For the purpose of obtaining information on the maturation process of the autonomic nervous system in pre- and full-term infants, polygraphs were recorded during sleep from a total of 52 appropriate-for-dates infants at a conceptional age of 28-41 weeks. The 104 RR interval time series was calculated by autoregressive (AR) ...
Ramamoorthy C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Human newborns, particularly those born before full term, are more susceptible to bacterial infections as a result of impaired host defense mechanisms. Compared with adults, circulating leukocytes from human newborns (preterm and full-term gestations) and newborn rabbits (full-term gestation) have low resting levels of CD62L (L-selectin) and do not ...
Astedt B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare the plasminogen activators (tPA, uPA) and their inhibitors (PAI-1, PAI-2) at different gestational ages, related to levels in women at term and non-pregnant women. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained by puncture of the umbilical cord vein, in gestational weeks 39-40 (n = 21), 30-32 (n = 15), ...
Hayes M J - - 1997
Postmature infants calm less when presented with sucrose solutions than term infants. To further assess the influence of postmaturity on sucrose responsivity, several motoric responses were examined in healthy term neonates and chronically stressed postmature (> or = 288 days gestational age (GA) e.g., > 41 weeks) neonates with Clifford's ...
Tagawa N - - 1997
We have established a method for quantifying serum 16-dehydropregnenolone (3beta-hydroxy-5,16-pregnadien-20-one) sulfate (16-DHP S) by GC-MS. The levels of 16-DHP S at birth were compared in infants grouped as extremely immature (gestational age: 22-27 weeks), pre-term (gestational age: 28-36 weeks) and full-term (gestational age: 37-41 weeks). The average of the serum ...
Lakhani M - - 1997
We tested the hypothesis that the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) of neonates is more sensitive to furosemide (FU) in vitro than that of adults. Phagocytosis was monitored by chemiluminescence of PMNs in cord blood of full-term (n = 10) and preterm (n = 8) neonates in the presence ...
Parmigiani S - - 1997
We have evaluated the value of reactive oxygen metabolites (ROMs) in 98 full-term neonates at 72 +/- 6 hours of life with a new colorimetric simple and rapid method (d-ROMs Test, Diacron s.r.l.) to establish the normal values for infants. The mean value of ROMs we have obtained in the ...
Stocks J - - 1996
We have previously shown that the strength of the Hering-Breuer inflation reflex (HBIR) diminishes between 2 and 12 mo of age in full-term babies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the onset of this decline had commenced by 3 to 4 mo of age in healthy full-term ...
Famodu A A - - 1996
Selected variables of the fibrinolytic system were assessed in 55 full-term and 35 preterm neonates along with 70 normal healthy adults as controls. Fibrinogen levels were lower in full- and preterm neonates [2.10 +/- 0.12, and 2.30 +/- 0.18 v. 3.12 +/- 0.12, (P < 0.001)]. There was an increased ...
Liang Z - - 1996
This paper examines the long-term patterns of migration within China between 1950 and 1988. The analysis uses data from China's 1988 2/1,000 Fertility and Birth Control Survey, which asks respondents about their most recent interprovincial move. The results suggest that long-term migration patterns can be explained by political and economic ...
Link G - - 1996
This study addressed the intrauterine elimination of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) in 15 preterm and 31 full-term infants, thereby providing estimates of fetal vitamin consumption as well as maternal vitamin requirements during pregnancy. Elimination was calculated as the difference in the plasma PLP concentration between umbilical vein and umbilical artery times ...
Snir M - - 1996
AIMS: To evaluate the development and course of Bell's phenomenon (BP) in premature and normal neonates. METHODS: Twenty seven preterm infants and 42 healthy full term infants were studied. Mean birth weight, gestational age, and head circumference were recorded. BP was graded from no response to full response. The premature ...
Geerdink J J - - 1996
In a sample of 13 full-term and 10 preterm infants, the development of kicking movements was studied at 6, 12, and 18 weeks (corrected) age. In healthy full-term infants some characteristics are strikingly stable, such as the duration of the flexion and extension phase and the within-joint organization. These parameters ...
de Vries L S - - 1996
The additional information, obtained when using the posterior fontanelle routinely as the second acoustic window, is illustrated in four infants. Three of them are full-term infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. In newborn infants, who are still too unstable to be transported to the magnetic resonance unit, extensive damage in the ...
Phillipov G - - 1996
A study was undertaken to assess the short-term (intrapregnancy) and long-term (interpregnancy) variability of the 1-h 50-g oral glucose challenge test (GCT). Two groups of pregnant women had GCTs in consecutive pregnancies, 1 (n = 77) and 2 (n = 43) years apart. Their results were compared with published results ...
MacGregor E A - - 1996
"Menstrual" migraine, a term misused by both patients and doctors, lacks precise definition. This dissertation critically reviews papers on the subject and examines the problem from a clinical perspective. A definition is proposed that the term "menstrual" migraine should be restricted to attacks exclusively starting on or between day 1 ...
Fabre E - - 1996
Our aim was to compare the fetal mortality rate (FMR), early neonatal mortality rate (ENMR) and perinatal mortality rate (PMR) of post-term and term births, 2) to examine trends in the incidence and perinatal mortality rates of post-term and term births. We used data from Spanish Perinatal Mortality Survey of ...
Omar S A - - 1996
Interleukin 3 (IL-3) is a pluripotent hematopoietic growth factor that stimulates proliferation, differentiation, and function of multiple cell lineages. We examined the effects of recombinant human IL-3 (rhIL-3) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNC) isolated from 18 premature human newborns with birth weights between 600 and 1,500 g at birth ...
van Houten J P - - 1996
The objective of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence and types of cranial ultrasound abnormalities in full-term infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). We reviewed the cranial ultrasound scans of 49 full-term infants with CHD and compared them to 42 healthy full-term control infants. The relationship of each ...
Cano-Morales S - - 1996
The identification of human IgG immunoglobulins on the surface of Vibrio cholerae O1, and Haemophilus influenzae type b microorganisms was assessed via a flow cytometric technique. A group of 31 healthy mother-full term newborn duo sera from a non-endemic cholera area was assayed. The sera of mothers and full-term newborns ...
Yurdakök M - - 1995
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amino acid levels including excitatory amino acids (i.e. glutamate and aspartate) in 25 preterm and 18 full-term newborn infants with no serious disease except intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were measured. ICH was detected in 13 preterm and six full-term infants on the basis of the clinical, lumbar puncture ...
Morlet T - - 1995
In neonates and infants, hearing impairment leads to impaired language and cognitive development. For that reason, early detection of this sensory deficit is of outstanding importance, particularly in pre-term neonates, who constitute a high risk population in regard to very early acquired hearing loss. Evoked (EOAE) and spontaneous otoacoustic emission ...
Adamson S J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Preliminary investigation of the contribution of adverse antepartum and intrapartum factors to neonatal encephalopathy in singleton neonates born full term. DESIGN: Matched case-control study based on incidence density sampling of controls. SETTING: Two major teaching hospitals (one paediatric and one obstetric) and three peripheral maternity hospitals in Perth, Western ...
Monterosso L - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of a postural support nappy (PSN) would reduce the features of 'flattened posture' in the lower extremities of infants < 31 weeks gestation who are nursed prone. METHODOLOGY: Randomized, observer blind, controlled trial conducted at King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Perth, Western Australia. ...
van Oostenbrugge R J - - 1995
In this study we analysed the spontaneous postural behaviour of seven pre-term infants of 30 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). Each infant was observed for a 3-h observation period and each minute a sketch of the resting-posture was made. Analysis of the postures included the complete observed posture, the distribution of ...
Zancanaro C - - 1995
The ultrastructure of brown adipose tissue (BAT), the thermogenic type of adipose tissue, was investigated in biopsies from 4 pre-term human new-borns delivered at 25-27 week's gestational age and compared with peri-renal brown fat from 2 adult patients with phaeochromocytoma (a condition of brown fat activation). The cell size of ...
Bard H - - 1995
The change in G gamma to A gamma ratio in relation to the switchover of fetal HB (HbF) to adult Hb (alpha 2 beta 2) synthesis has not been well defined. The gamma-globins of HbF (alpha 2 gamma 2) have either glycine (G gamma) or alanine (A gamma) at position ...
Chatow U - - 1995
The changes in the power spectra of heart rate (HR) fluctuations, in particular the total power (within 0.02-2.0 Hz) and the power in the low- (0.02-0.2 Hz) and high- (0.2-2.0 Hz) frequency ranges, were computed from the ECG and respiratory signals of 59 premature and full-term infants. The objective of ...
Larsen L G - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Placental insufficiency has been considered the cause of increased morbidity in infants delivered postmaturely. Former quantitative studies have indicated a decrease in some placental structures just before term. In this study we describe a method of dual perfusion fixation to provide tissue for stereologic examination. Postmature placentas were examined ...
Longree L - - 1995
A 25 year old woman with chronic myelogenous leukaemia was treated for 27 months with alpha-interferon, leading to complete haematological and cytogenetic remission. One year after interruption of treatment, she became pregnant and delivered a healthy full term infant. This case provides further evidence in support of the safety of ...
Nara T - - 1994
The development of the human medial superior olivary nucleus was studied in serial sections of 10 fetuses at 12-35 weeks of gestation (WG), an infant at 2 months of age and an adult of 63 years using an electronic planimeter with a computer. Morphometric analysis suggested that the development of ...
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