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Results 301 - 350 of 642
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Stern M - - 2001
Research on the prematurity stereotype was extended by randomly assigning 158 Israeli medical and nursing students to view full-term infants labelled either 'full-term' (FTL) or 'premature' (PL). One-half of the students were additionally assigned to a goal condition in which they were informed that their judgements would be evaluated for ...
Mück K - - 2001
Due to its long physical half-life, and the fact that its long-term mobility in the environment as well as its radiotoxicity is higher than that of 137Cs, the long-term bio-availability of 90Sr in the environment is of importance with regard to the long-term population exposure after fallout from nuclear weapons ...
Rose S A - - 2001
Several aspects of visual attention and their implications for recognition memory were examined in a longitudinal sample of full-term and preterm (birth weight < 1,750 g) infants seen at 5, 7, and 12 months of age. At all 3 ages, full-terms had shorter look durations, faster shift rates, less off-task ...
Mouradian L E - - 2000
Little information is available regarding the behavioral repertoire of healthy, yet prematurely born, infants. To address this problem, the Assessment of Preterm Infants' Behavior (APIB) was used 10 to 14 days after birth in a cross-sectional comparison of 42 healthy newborn infants: 16 full-term infants (gestational age at birth [GA] ...
Harmoinen A - - 2000
Cystatin C is a non-glycated, 13-kDa basic protein produced by all nucleated cells. Recent studies have indicated that the plasma concentration of cystatin C is a better marker for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) than plasma creatinine, which is most commonly used for this purpose. We established reference values for plasma ...
Schalij-Delfos N E - - 2000
AIM: To establish recommendations for long term ophthalmological follow up of prematurely born infants. METHODS: 130 infants with a gestational age (GA) <37 weeks and born between 1 November 1989 and 31 October 1990 were enrolled in a prospective study about the development of strabismus, amblyopia, and refractive errors. Infants ...
Ohkuchi A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To develop a new quantitative index, the notch depth index (NDI), to evaluate its association with the risk of pre-eclampsia and a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant and to compare its clinical usefulness with that of the uterine artery resistance index (RI) and the peak systolic to early diastolic velocity (A/C) ...
Radetti G - - 2000
Among the molecular variants of human GH, the monomeric 22-kD is the predominant isoform, whereas the 20-kD is the second most abundant isoform. Because little is known on the pattern of human GH isoforms in the early postnatal period, we evaluated serum levels of 22-kD GH by an immunofluorometric assay ...
Aquilina J - - 2000
We aimed to investigate the relationship between inhibin-A and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) concentrations in the second trimester in the same cohort of women and compare their screening efficiency for the subsequent development of pre-eclampsia. The main outcome measures were pre-eclampsia and pre-eclampsia requiring delivery before 37 weeks.We carried out ...
Riezzo G - - 2000
The aims of this study were to evaluate the gastric electrical activity and gastric emptying in preterm and term newborns and to assess the development of gastric motility by comparing newborns of different gestational ages. The cutaneous electrogastrography and the ultrasonographic study of the gastric emptying were performed before and ...
Hattori M A - - 2000
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) isoforms in urine from healthy and mildly hypertensive untreated patients have been described in the literature. Healthy subjects have high- and low-molecular-weight ACEs (170 and 65 kDa), whereas mildly hypertensive untreated patients have only low-molecular-weight ACEs (90 and 65 kDa), both of which resemble ACE from ...
Gottfridsson C - - 2000
Previous methods for frequency domain analysis of the signal-averaged ECG (SAECG) have had low reproducibility. The reproducibility of time domain late potential analysis and spectral turbulence analysis was evaluated with 2 immediately consecutive SAECG recordings in 121 randomly selected subjects without heart disease (short-term) and also in 47 subjects after ...
Wan T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To delineate neutrophil function of preterm and full-term neonates of Chinese origin. METHODS: Chinese neonates admitted to two major Hong Kong neonatal units were randomly selected for the study. Candidacidal activity, phagocytosis, chemotaxis and nitroblue tetrazolium reduction scores were evaluated from blood. RESULTS: Except for chemotactic activity, the neutrophil ...
Tugertimur A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare echocardiograms of macrosomic and healthy full term neonates whose weight was appropriate for gestational age (AGA). METHODS: Echocardiography was performed on 9 healthy full term AGA neonates and 15 macrosomic neonates. A data base was generated from valid echocardiographic measurements on each infant. RESULTS: Macrosomic infants were ...
Barrios V - - 2000
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) circulate in plasma as part of a 150-kD complex that also contains IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), a protein that binds IGF-I and IGF-II with high affinity, and an acid-labile subunit (ALS) that does not directly bind IGFs. Because the ALS assay methods currently being used are relatively ...
Maheshwari S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate the long-term results of balloon angioplasty (BA) for postsurgical recoarctation in infants. BACKGROUND: Balloon angioplasty is a well-accepted modality for the treatment of recoarctation. However, infants remain a group of concern because of their size, risk for complications and the potential for restenosis ...
Linder N - - 1999
AIMS: To determine normal concentrations of 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) for premature infants. METHODS: 17OHP was measured in 66 consecutive premature infants once a week during the first month, and once every two weeks thereafter, until the age of 3 months. The 17OHP values in 100 full term healthy neonates on the ...
Lundqvist C - - 1999
Non-nutritive sucking (NNS) patterns in full-term newborn and preterm infants were studied at term conceptional age. The preterm group showed a distinct NNS pattern with a higher frequency and lower amplitude. In the preterm group, gender differences were observed, the girls having higher frequency and larger amplitude. The full-term infants' ...
Neefjes V M - - 1999
AIMS: To determine the level of oxidative stress and cell damage as a result of exposure to O(2) at birth. METHODS: Using glutathione S transferase (GST) as an indicator of oxidative stress, GST activity in cord blood was compared with that in samples taken three hours after birth. Twenty four ...
Saarela T - - 1999
In order to study the incidence and course of nephrocalcinosis in full-term infants with congestive heart failure receiving long-term furosemide treatment, 36 such infants (median age 2.9 months, range 1.2-8.0) and 36 full-term control infants not receiving any diuretics (median age 3.4 months, range 1.1-8.4) were studied by renal ultrasonography ...
Kaufman D - - 1999
Preterm infants have an increased incidence of infection, which is principally due to deficiencies in neonatal host defense mechanisms. Monocyte adherence is important in localizing cells at sites of infection and is associated with enhanced antimicrobial functions. We isolated cord blood monocytes from preterm and full-term infants to study their ...
Linder N - - 1999
Premature infants are vulnerable to infections, partly because of the low transplacental transfer of maternal antibodies. The present study investigated the placental transfer of maternal rubella-specific antibodies to full-term and preterm infants. The study group consisted of 133 healthy, native Israeli mothers and their 159 newborns. Of these, 69 were ...
Linder N - - 1999
In a previous study we have shown that transplacental transfer of hepatitis A antibodies to preterm infants does not differ from that observed in full-term infants. This follow-up study was designed to investigate the decline of hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies during the first 7 months of life in full-term ...
Neal T J - - 1999
Three episodes of Serratia marcescens pseudobacteraemia occurred on a neonatal intensive care unit. Following the first two cases, one full term and one pre-term infant, the source was identified as a glucose/lactate analyzer. Blood culture and environmental isolates of the organisms involved were indistinguishable when subjected to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis ...
Chang M W - - 1999
We describe a 10-day-old term infant who presented to the emergency room with an acute pustular eruption. Laboratory tests and clinical outcome confirmed the diagnosis of erythema toxicum neonatorum. A full septic workup was performed and all cultures were negative. Wright-stained smear of pustular contents showed a predominance of neutrophils ...
Ruef P - - 1999
More stomatocytes, spherocytes, and erythrocytes with spicules and protrusions are found in blood from newborn infants than in blood from adults. The objective of this study was to measure volume, surface area, membrane rigidity, and viscosity of red blood cells (RBC) with irregular shapes in preterm and full-term neonates. RBC ...
Nakamura T - - 1999
The long-term effects of post-ischaemic hypothermia are controversial. The purpose of this study was to examine the long-term effects of post-ischaemic hypothermia on neuronal survival in gerbils in terms of morphology and function. Hypothermia was induced at 32 degrees C for 4 h immediately after ischaemia. Examination was performed at ...
Strömberg B - - 1999
Improvements in obstetrical and neonatal care during the last decades have led to a marked increase in survival rate of preterm and term infants. In order to study the short- and long-term outcome in infants who survived neonatal intensive care (NIC) and were born in the county of Uppsala between ...
Galmés A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) can be cryopreserved and stored below -120 degrees C in liquid nitrogen or at -80 degrees C in mechanical freezers. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The feasibility of long-term storage of HPCs at -80 degrees C was investigated. The studies included a comparison of 5- and ...
Bayés R - - 1998
Many controversial topics have still to be resolved regarding the nutritional requirements of the newborn, and in particular of the pre-term infant. The term 'controversy' bears the connotation of prolonged dispute and such a situation has arisen for various reasons: (a) from inadequate research methodologies; (b) from the misinterpretation of, ...
Linderkamp O - - 1998
Obstruction of narrow vessels by rigid neutrophils may contribute to ischemic organ injury. In septicemia, a substantial portion of the neutrophils may become activated and the number of circulating immature neutrophils may rise sharply. Volume and deformability of mature (PMN) and immature neutrophils in healthy preterm and full-term infants and ...
Rönnqvist L - - 1998
Head turning after release from the midline and the Moro response to a full-body drop in 15 full-term newborns lying supine on a custom-built platform was studied. While the lateral bias for head turning was not as pronounced as for the Moro response, it was still assumed in the ratio ...
Atiyeh B S - - 1998
Noma neonatorum should be differentiated from noma, in that it is typically a disease of seriously ill premature infants whose birth weight was low, and is caused by Pseudomonas aerugenosa septicaemia. We know of only two case reports of noma neonatorum involving newborn infants born at full term, so we ...
Nascimento-Carvalho C M - - 1998
Results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examinations from 77 high-risk neonates were reviewed. The mean CSF white cells (WBC) count was 4.5 cell/mm3, being two standard deviations above the mean 11.7 cells/mm3 in the full-term gestation neonate group; in the premature neonate one, the mean CSF WBC count was 5.1 cells/mm3, ...
Odrcich M J - - 1998
Nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) are novel gaseous chemical messengers that play key roles in cell function and cell-cell communication in many organ systems, including the cardiovascular system. Although the presence of NO synthase (NOS) in the placenta and its role in the regulation of fetoplacental and uteroplacental ...
Jeng S F - - 1998
We compared the neurobehavioral performance at term between very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants and term infants in Taiwan, and investigated the relationships between neonatal factors and neurobehavioral performance in VLBW infants. Sixty VLBW infants and 58 healthy term infants were examined using the Neonatal Neurobehavioral Examination-Chinese version (NNE-C) at 40 weeks ...
Cheour M - - 1998
The mismatch negativity (MMN) is a pre-attentive change-specific component of the event-related brain potentials (ERPs). During the last decade this response has been intensively studied in adults, but investigations in children and especially in infants are still rare. Recent studies, however, have shown that MMN is also elicited in infants ...
Festen C - - 1998
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to obtain insight into the short- and long-term results of treatment of perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano in infants. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of the records of patients treated over a 21-year period from January 1974 until December 1994 in a Pediatric ...
Harries S R - - 1998
The first long-term follow-up of the use of the Antheor inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is presented. Between December 1994 and December 1996, 20 Antheor IVC filters were inserted. Seven patients subsequently died and of the 13 patients remaining alive, 11 were available for long-term follow-up. One death was due ...
Linder N - - 1998
This study was designed to investigate the placental transfer of maternal poliovirus antibodies in full-term and pre-term infants. Two hundred healthy, Israeli born mothers and their infants, were enrolled immediately after birth. The study population comprised two groups: a full-term group of 150 mothers and their infants, and a pre-term ...
Marbella A M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in length of hospital stay, hospital charges, and readmission rates of Wisconsin newborns from 1989 through 1994 in light of recent policies requiring earlier discharges after delivery of newborns. METHODOLOGY: Two data sources were used: 1) 1989-1994 Hospital Inpatient Discharge Data from the Wisconsin Office of ...
Link G - - 1998
In thirteen preterm infants, 45 full-term infants, and their mothers thiamin was analyzed in plasma from maternal veins, umbilical arteries, umbilical veins, and placental tissue. The blood flow in the umbilical veins was determined by pulsed Doppler ultrasonography. Thiamin-dependent transketolase was measured in erythrocytes from full-term infants and their mothers. ...
Trevisanuto D - - 1998
Cardiac troponin T (TnT) is a regulatory contractile protein whose detection in the circulation has been shown to be a specific and sensitive marker for ischemic myocardial cell injury both in adult and pediatric populations. We measured serum cardiac TnT in 15 consecutive full-term neonates presenting with bradycardia and electrocardiographic ...
Thong M - - 1998
In a study of 1,002 consecutive Malaysian male newborns, 48 (4.8%) were found to have undescended testes (UDT). The rate and laterality of the UDT were associated with lower birth weight (P < 0.001) and prematurity (P < 0.001). Boys with UDT were also more likely to have other congenital ...
Giannacopoulou C - - 1998
To investigate the factors which affect the concentrations of the total, the free, and the acylcarnitine in neonates, blood was taken from the umbilical cord of 49 newborn infants ranging in gestation age (g. a.) from 32-40 weeks (mean g. a.: 36.8 +/- 2.6 weeks) and in birth weight (b. ...
Chatrath R - - 1997
The immune status of 25 full-term small-for-gestational age neonates was studied and compared with another 25 term appropriate-for-gestational age neonates, who served as controls. It was observed that the term SGA's had an altered immunological profile. The lymphocyte percentage was low. Cellular immunity as assessed by CD4 and CD8 subset ...
Tagawa N - - 1997
Temporal changes of the serum levels of 16-hydroxypregnenolone (3beta,16alpha-dihydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one) 3-sulfate (16-OH-Preg S) and 16-hydroxydehydroepiandrosterone (3beta,16alpha-dihydroxy-5-androsten-17-one) 3-sulfate (16-OH-DHEA S) were investigated by analyzing the levels of their precursor steroids, pregnenolone (3beta-hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one) 3-sulfate (Preg S) and dehydroepiandrosterone (3beta-hydroxy-5-androsten-17-one) 3-sulfate (DHEA S), respectively, in the early neonatal period. The serum levels of these ...
Krumbiegel P - - 1997
The non-distressing [15N]methacetin liver function test was modified and applied to newborn healthy infants in order to measure both the total [15N]methacetin metabolites excreted in the urine (total elimination capacity) and the proportion of glucuronated metabolite. By studying pre- and full-term normotrophic neonates 3-168 days old, the age-dependent maturation of ...
Andreou A - - 1997
A full-term, small-for-gestational-age, neonate was born 4 days after rupture of the membranes. On the 5th day of life, she developed sepsis due to Klebsiella pneumoniae. On the 18th day of life, the right hip was noted swollen with limited range of motion, but it was painless on passive movements. ...
Warren R H - - 1997
Preterm infant tidal breathing may be different from that of healthy full-term infants because of various features of the premature thorax. The purpose of this project was to describe chest wall motion in the preterm infant (gestational age <37 weeks) and compare it with chest wall motion data in a ...
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