Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 695
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Sillén Ulla - - 2004
The purpose with the present review was to characterise bladder function in healthy preterm and full-term infants from findings in studies using the four-hour voiding observation. Characteristics of the free voiding pattern were very similar in preterm and full-term infants. The frequency of voidings was once an hour, bladder volume ...
Hoekstra Ronald E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Long-term outcome, including school-age function, has been infrequently reported in infants born at ages as young as 23-26 weeks' gestation. The objective of this study is to report outcome on a large cohort of these infants to understand better the risks and factors that affect survival and long-term prognosis. ...
Olhager E - - 2003
AIM: To assess total energy expenditure (TEE) and body composition, i.e. total body water (TBW) and adipose tissue volume (ATV), at term age in 8 healthy preterm infants, born between gestational weeks 30 and 33, and in 9 healthy full-term newborns. METHODS: Total and subcutaneous ATVs were assessed using magnetic ...
Moro G E - - 2003
A double-blind, randomized, controlled study was performed in 90 full term infants to evaluate dose-related bifidogenic effects of a new synergistic mixture of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) and fructo-oligosacharides (FOS). The GOS/FOS mixture showed a dose-dependent stimulatory effect on the intestinal growth of bifidobacteria. Also stool consistency and faecal pH were positively ...
Streif W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To detail low molecular mass heparin (enoxaparin) use in the first few months of life. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive cohort of unselected newborn infants. METHODS: Newborn infants were divided into groups by gestational age, underlying condition, hepatic and renal function, thrombocytopenia, and prothrombin time (PT/INR). Groups were analysed with respect ...
Agosti M - - 2003
The incidence of allergic manifestations was evaluated from birth until 6 y of age in 83 very low-birthweight infants (VLBWIs). In the same period 98 full-term babies were followed from birth to 24 mo of life. All the subjects were examined by paediatricians to establish the presence of atopic dermatitis ...
Morlet Thierry - - 2003
We previously reported that transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) continue to develop after the onset of cochlear function in pre-term infants from 34 to 39 weeks of conceptional age (Morlet et al., 1996). The time-course of development differed between genders. Reported here are findings of further analysis of data from ...
Ishihara Kenji - - 2003
Rat eosinophils contain eosinophil-associated ribonucleases (Ears) in their granules. Ears are thought to be synthesized as pre-forms and stored in the granules as mature forms. However, the N-terminal amino acid of mature Ear-1 and Ear-2 is still controversial. Therefore, we prepared two recombinant mature forms of Ear-1 and Ear-2 in ...
Krmpotić-Nemanić J - - 2003
Based on our studies we suggest that the term articulation femoropatellaris should be introduced in the new anatomic terminology, because of the importance of this entity in the function and pathology of the knee joint. In order to indicate that the condylar surfaces, having a different function are separated from ...
Dudrick Stanley J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This article recounts the conditions and status of surgical nutrition support in the 1960s and the antecedent basic and clinical investigational work leading to the development of a practical and efficacious method of adequate nourishment entirely by vein in Beagle puppies; describes the subsequent clinical application of the knowledge, ...
Yoshikawa Hideto - - 2003
I report two normally developed infants showing benign" setting sun" phenomenon. A 2(2-12)-year-old boy and a 7-year-old boy, who were born without any complications at full term, developed brief episodes of downward gazing during sucking and crying after birth However, there were no other clinical or laboratory findings, and they ...
Bautista Maria L G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The osmotic fragility of red blood cells reflects their membrane ability to maintain structural integrity. The osmolality at which the cells lyse is related to their shape, deformability, surface area/volume ratio and intrinsic membrane properties. In cord blood, there may be differences between premature and term infants, and be ...
Monterosso L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a postural support nappy and/or a postural support roll on neuromotor function in very preterm infants when nursed prone to term equivalent age. METHODS: A randomized observer blind controlled trial of 123 very preterm infants was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit of ...
Wan A K L - - 2003
The aim of this longitudinal study was to determine salivary levels of total IgA, IgG and IgM in 84 preterm and 214 full-term infants, from birth to 18 months of age. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected from each infant at birth, and subsequently at 3-monthly intervals. Immunoglobulin levels were estimated ...
Ochoa Julio J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of lipid peroxidation and the response of the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant defence system in erythrocytes from full-term and premature infants at birth, after 3 and after 72 h of life. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty infants were selected and divided ...
Kori M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Determination of faecal elastase 1 (FE1) is a simple, relatively inexpensive, non-invasive, highly specific and sensitive test for determining pancreatic function. Secretion of pancreatic enzymes varies during infancy, but there are almost no specific data on the ontogeny of elastase 1 in human babies. AIM: To study FE1 levels ...
Precioso Alexander Roberto - - 2003
PURPOSE: to describe the patterns of the gastric myoelectrical activity, pre-and postprandially, in clinically stable neonates of different gestational ages, during their first two weeks of life by means of Electrogastrography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electrogastrography was recorded in forty-five clinically stable neonates of different gestational ages (group I: 15 neonates ...
Leader Shelah - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify time spent plus out-of-pocket costs associated with confirmed respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization of infants not prophylaxed against RSV. METHODS: A prospective survey was carried out at multiple tertiary care hospitals in the United States. PATIENTS: The patients consisted of a ...
Cook Jocelynn L - - 2003
We explored a potential mechanism linking placental prostaglandins (PGs) with a fall in plasma progesterone and increased expression of uterine activation proteins in the mouse. PG endoperoxide H synthase 2 (PGHS-2) mRNA expression increased in placenta in late gestation in association with an 8-fold increase in PGF(2alpha) concentration, reaching a ...
Arsenault Julie - - 2003
The postnatal development of ventilatory reflexes originating from bronchopulmonary receptors was assessed in preterm vs. full-term lambs. Ventilation and arterial pressure were repeatedly measured in 10 preterm (gestational age, 132 days) and 7 full-term lambs without sedation from day 1 to day 42. The Hering-Breuer inhibitory reflex (slowly adapting stretch ...
Rabl Ari - - 2003
This paper examines the relation between the results of epidemiologic studies of air pollution mortality and impact indicators that can be informative for environmental policy decisions. Using models that are simple and transparent, yet contain the essential features, it is shown that (1) number of deaths is not meaningful for ...
Vatansever Ulfet - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The presence of increased numbers of nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) and increased levels of erythropoietin (EPO) in the circulation of neonates has been associated with states of relative hypoxia. The aim of this study is to assess the pattern of NRBC counts and EPO levels in a group ...
Sheng Jiawei - - 2002
The X-ray induced color centers in soda-lime silicate glass were unstable at room temperature. There was a rapid fading at short-term stage and a slow fading at long-term stage. In the short-term stage, both first-order and second-order fading kinetics played roles in the fading process, while only the first-order fading ...
Pridham Karen F - - 2002
Guided by a theoretical process model, we examined direct and indirect effects of infants' biologic condition and experience, the caregiving environment, and caloric intake variables on two outcomes, weight-for-age and motor development, for 52 full-term and 47 premature infants at 12 months post-term age. For full-term infants, birth weight and ...
Pinelli Janet - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the available research evidence on the effects of nonnutritive sucking (NNS) in high-risk full-term and preterm infants in neonatal nurseries. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of MEDLINE (1976-2001) and CINAHL (1982-2001) databases, as well as the Cochrane Library. Reference lists of all relevant articles were also reviewed. STUDY ...
Huang Yu-Chih - - 2002
To facilitate making a diagnosis of cholestatic liver disease in Taiwan, we have established reference ranges for serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT) activity and bile acids in normal Taiwanese infants. The serum level of gamma-GT activity was assayed in 90 normal Taiwanese infants and children aged between 2 days and 2 ...
Ghirri P - - 2002
Of the 10,730 neonates born in the period 1978-1997 and examined for cryptorchidism (C) at birth, 1387 were pre-term (gestational age <37 wk), and 9343 were full-term. At birth, a total of 737 neonates (6.9%) were cryptorchid, 487 had bilateral C and 250 unilateral C. The C rate of pre-terms ...
Riepe Felix G - - 2002
Pregnenolone (Preg) and 17-hydroxypregnenolone (17OH-Preg) are marker steroids that are elevated in the 3beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-II deficiency form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The aim of this study was to establish normative data for both steroids in healthy preterm (28-33 and 34-37 wk gestation) and full-term infants, because reference values for the early ...
Esposito Susanna - - 2002
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody titres against pertussis antigens, Bordetella pertussis-specific proliferation and cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were evaluated at the age of 5-6 years in 13 children who had been pre-term infants with a gestational age (GA) of < or = 31 weeks, 10 who had ...
Bahado-Singh R O - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Hyperglycosylated hCG (HhCG) is the predominant form of chorionic gonadotrophin in states characterized by aggressive trophoblast invasion such as early pregnancy or choriocarcinoma. Pre-eclampsia may be the result of failed or inadequate trophoblast invasion. We investigated whether low levels of maternal urine HhCG levels would predict subsequent pre-eclampsia. STUDY ...
Gournay V - - 2002
AIM: To study baroreflex maturation by measuring, longitudinally, baroreflex sensitivity in preterm (gestational age 24-37 weeks) and full term infants. METHODS: Baroreflex sensitivity was quantified once a week, one to seven times, by a totally non-invasive method. RESULTS: Baroreflex sensitivity at birth was lower in the preterm infant and increased ...
Silvestri Jean M - - 2002
This article reviews studies on infants to obtain 'normal' parameters for apnoea, heart rate and O(2) saturation in healthy full-term infants. Studies have been carried out in both hospital and home settings using different protocols and these are reviewed and assessed as a means of providing baseline data for home ...
Freitas da Motta Márcia Soares - - 2002
The immunogenicity of a Hepatitis B vaccine was evaluated in 110 neonates (57 full term and 53 preterm) born to Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) negative mothers. Three 10 microg doses of recombinant Hepatitis B vaccine were administered: the first dose within the first week of life; the second between ...
Jeng Suh-Fang - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Study of kicking development provides important information to understand how early spontaneous movements change in infants as they acquire voluntary control. Researchers have investigated the kicking movements of preterm infants; however, the movement patterns that they have described were inconsistent. The purpose of this study, therefore, was ...
Pöschl Johannes M B - - 2002
A full-term infant was born with a swollen left conjunctival sac. Ophthalmia neonatorum developed within 5 d after birth. Examination of the purulent discharge showed Group B Streptococcus. The CRP level was found to be elevated and parenteral and topical therapy was started. Ophthalmia neonatorum resolved after 7 d of ...
Wan A K - - 2001
We hypothesize that S. mutans colonization occurs more frequently in pre-term children due to their relative immaturity. In this study of 172 predentate, six-month-old infants, we found that 50% of pre-term and 60% of full-term children harbored S. mutans. The colonization was confirmed by repeat sampling. Although there were minor ...
Nemet D - - 2001
We measured bone speed of sound in premature infants by quantitative ultrasound. A total of 44 neonates participated in the study including 29 premature infants (median birth weight 1264 g, range 578-2420 g; median gestational age 31 weeks, range 24-36 weeks) and 15 full-term infants (median birth weight 3360 g, ...
Dilenge M E - - 2001
Asphyxia remains one of the main causes of later disability in term infants. Despite many publications identifying possible predictors of outcome in this population of interest, little is known of the long-term developmental outcome of asphyxiated term neonates. Observational studies have largely focused on short-term outcomes, with an emphasis on ...
Fujita Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to evaluate the natural course and the long-term prognosis of cystic hygroma following live birth. METHODS: Of 39 cases, 12 were excluded because of either artificial termination or intrauterine treatment. 27 cases were retrospectively classified into 2 groups based on the outcome, and the clinical profiles ...
Fried H U - - 2001
An inexpensive headholder for mice ranging from 3-week-old animals to adults was designed to provide reliable long-term head fixation. Its shape allows the direct access to the dorsal and ventral sides of the head which makes the headholder ideal for the use with both an upright and an inverted microscope. ...
Wan A K - - 2001
Since dental caries may present soon after tooth eruption, we hypothesized that colonization of Streptococcus mutans can occur in the predentate stages. In this study, we examined S. mutans colonization and its association with oral developmental nodules (Bohn's nodules) in 60 pre-term and 128 full-term, three-month-old infants. Overall, S. mutans ...
Ambalavanan N - - 2001
Recent experimental and clinical data demonstrate that both hypocapnia and hypercapnia during the neonatal period may result in beneficial or adverse consequences. Multiple retrospective studies report a strong association between PaCO2 levels less than 25 to 30 mm Hg and an increased incidence of cystic PVL and CP in preterm ...
Chiang M C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Auditory brainstem evoked potentials (ABEP) are used to evaluate the integrity of auditory pathways. Since there are difficulties in the performance and still no reference ranges for pre-term infants in Taiwan, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of ABEP in full-term and pre-term infants. METHODS: ...
Benninga M A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate anorectal motor function in healthy premature and term infants with the use of micromanometric techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Anorectal manometry was performed in 22 healthy neonates (9 female) with a mean postmenstrual age of 32 weeks (range, 30 to 38 weeks) with a micromanometric anorectal assembly (od 2.0 ...
Avila-Díaz M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to assess bone mineral content (BMC) of the whole skeleton in pre-term and full-term healthy infants and the factors influencing BMC, such as bone area, birth weight, birth length, current weight, current length, gender, and gestational age. METHODS: Forty-eight healthy full-term infants ...
Simunic D I - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A disc model with full anular division was used to investigate how different biomechanical parameters influence the severity of nuclear disruption during compressive loading. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the manner in which flexion, hydration, and loading rate contribute to the breakdown in the intrinsic cohesive structure of the nucleus ...
Wright E J - - 2001
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to review the current state and technique of pubovaginal sling construction using cadaveric allograft fascia lata. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A MEDLINE search was conducted to identify articles in the current literature addressing applications of cadaveric allograft fascia lata for surgical reconstructive procedures. RESULTS: ...
Darmochwal-Kolarz D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We tried to estimate whether immunological changes are present in neonates born to mothers who had been suffering from pre-eclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen neonates born to mothers with severe pre-eclampsia (between 35 and 40 weeks of gestation) and 20 full-term healthy newborns (between 38 and 40 weeks of gestation) ...
Lohitkul S - - 2001
The objective of this study was to evaluate the ossification (visualization) of proximal humeral ossification center (PHOC) which may indicate bone growth in infants with acyanotic and cyanotic congenital heart disease (HD) compared to normal infants. The medical records and chest radiographs within 3 months after birth of infants who ...
van Wendel de Joode B - - 2001
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is a compound with moderate toxicity that is judged to be safe for occupational use, although little is known about its long-term effects on the human nervous system. We investigated chronic nervous-system effects of long-term occupational exposure to DDT by comparing the neurobehavioural performance of retired malaria-control workers ...
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