Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 655
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Wang Marvin L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that near-term infants have more medical problems after birth than full-term infants and that hospital stays might be prolonged and costs increased. METHODS: Electronic medical record database sorting was conducted of 7474 neonatal records and subset analyses of near-term (n = 120) and full-term (n ...
Gössel-Symank Rhena - - 2004
Differences in the activity-rest behavior of preterm and full-term infants provide an important contribution to the analysis of the ontogeny of circadian rhythms. In this study, we recorded the activity-rest behavior of 17 preterm and 8 full-term infants at the approximate age of 20 months over an average of 10 ...
Hofman P L - - 2004
An association between low birth weight, commonly a reflection of an adverse in utero environment, and the subsequent development of diseases such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension in later life is now generally accepted - as is an association between an adverse perinatal environment and a permanent reduction in ...
Carrascosa Antonio - - 2004
Thyroid function was evaluated in 75 healthy preterm infants, 30-35 weeks of gestational age. Serum thyrotropin (TSH), thyroxine (T(4)), triiodothyronine (T(3)), free T(4) (immunochemoluminescence) and reverse triiodothyronine (rT(3)) (radioimmunoassay) were measured in the mother and in the cord at delivery and in the preterm infants at 1 hour, 24 hours, ...
Morlet T - - 2004
This study was conducted to investigate maturation of the medial olivocochlear efferent system (MOCS) in pre- and full-term neonates using Quickscreen (Otodynamics Ltd) and to confirm previous findings on transient otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) suppression in neonates. MOCS maturation was investigated in 46 neonates born at the Chaim Sheba Medical Center, ...
Saini Hemant - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate evidence of neutrophil activation in infants born to pre-eclamptic women and examine any association between degree of neutrophil activation and severity of pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: This study utilized quantitative flow cytometry to determine whether the expression of surface adhesion molecules: CD18, CD11a, CD11b, and CD11c on cord blood ...
Fetters Linda - - 2004
This study explores the relation of white matter disorder (WMD) to intralimb coordination patterns in premature infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). We specifically measured the temporal-spatial characteristics of intralimb coordination patterns of the legs. Three groups of infants were compared at one month corrected age (CA): 10 premature ...
Kiortsis D - - 2004
Pituitary secretory activity is different in premature and full-term infants. The height of the pituitary is a marker of its secretory activity. Our purpose was to use MRI to measure height of the pituitary of premature infants and to compare it with full-term controls. The height was measured on a ...
Mocatta Tessa J - - 2004
There are many potential sources of reactive oxidants around the time of birth and pre-term infants are considered to be particularly vulnerable to oxidative injury. To gain insight into these processes, we have measured biomarkers of lipid and protein oxidation in umbilical cord plasma and related concentrations to mode of ...
Jeng Suh-Fang - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES: Although early kicking differences have been reported for preterm infants without overt cranial sonographic abnormalities, their functional importance remains unclear because no outcomes have been measured. Therefore, the first purpose of this prospective study was to examine the age of walking attainment in preterm infants who had ...
Sillén Ulla - - 2004
The purpose with the present review was to characterise bladder function in healthy preterm and full-term infants from findings in studies using the four-hour voiding observation. Characteristics of the free voiding pattern were very similar in preterm and full-term infants. The frequency of voidings was once an hour, bladder volume ...
Hoekstra Ronald E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Long-term outcome, including school-age function, has been infrequently reported in infants born at ages as young as 23-26 weeks' gestation. The objective of this study is to report outcome on a large cohort of these infants to understand better the risks and factors that affect survival and long-term prognosis. ...
Olhager E - - 2003
AIM: To assess total energy expenditure (TEE) and body composition, i.e. total body water (TBW) and adipose tissue volume (ATV), at term age in 8 healthy preterm infants, born between gestational weeks 30 and 33, and in 9 healthy full-term newborns. METHODS: Total and subcutaneous ATVs were assessed using magnetic ...
Moro G E - - 2003
A double-blind, randomized, controlled study was performed in 90 full term infants to evaluate dose-related bifidogenic effects of a new synergistic mixture of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) and fructo-oligosacharides (FOS). The GOS/FOS mixture showed a dose-dependent stimulatory effect on the intestinal growth of bifidobacteria. Also stool consistency and faecal pH were positively ...
Streif W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To detail low molecular mass heparin (enoxaparin) use in the first few months of life. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive cohort of unselected newborn infants. METHODS: Newborn infants were divided into groups by gestational age, underlying condition, hepatic and renal function, thrombocytopenia, and prothrombin time (PT/INR). Groups were analysed with respect ...
Agosti M - - 2003
The incidence of allergic manifestations was evaluated from birth until 6 y of age in 83 very low-birthweight infants (VLBWIs). In the same period 98 full-term babies were followed from birth to 24 mo of life. All the subjects were examined by paediatricians to establish the presence of atopic dermatitis ...
Morlet Thierry - - 2003
We previously reported that transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) continue to develop after the onset of cochlear function in pre-term infants from 34 to 39 weeks of conceptional age (Morlet et al., 1996). The time-course of development differed between genders. Reported here are findings of further analysis of data from ...
Ishihara Kenji - - 2003
Rat eosinophils contain eosinophil-associated ribonucleases (Ears) in their granules. Ears are thought to be synthesized as pre-forms and stored in the granules as mature forms. However, the N-terminal amino acid of mature Ear-1 and Ear-2 is still controversial. Therefore, we prepared two recombinant mature forms of Ear-1 and Ear-2 in ...
Krmpotić-Nemanić J - - 2003
Based on our studies we suggest that the term articulation femoropatellaris should be introduced in the new anatomic terminology, because of the importance of this entity in the function and pathology of the knee joint. In order to indicate that the condylar surfaces, having a different function are separated from ...
Dudrick Stanley J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This article recounts the conditions and status of surgical nutrition support in the 1960s and the antecedent basic and clinical investigational work leading to the development of a practical and efficacious method of adequate nourishment entirely by vein in Beagle puppies; describes the subsequent clinical application of the knowledge, ...
Yoshikawa Hideto - - 2003
I report two normally developed infants showing benign" setting sun" phenomenon. A 2(2-12)-year-old boy and a 7-year-old boy, who were born without any complications at full term, developed brief episodes of downward gazing during sucking and crying after birth However, there were no other clinical or laboratory findings, and they ...
Bautista Maria L G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The osmotic fragility of red blood cells reflects their membrane ability to maintain structural integrity. The osmolality at which the cells lyse is related to their shape, deformability, surface area/volume ratio and intrinsic membrane properties. In cord blood, there may be differences between premature and term infants, and be ...
Monterosso L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a postural support nappy and/or a postural support roll on neuromotor function in very preterm infants when nursed prone to term equivalent age. METHODS: A randomized observer blind controlled trial of 123 very preterm infants was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit of ...
Wan A K L - - 2003
The aim of this longitudinal study was to determine salivary levels of total IgA, IgG and IgM in 84 preterm and 214 full-term infants, from birth to 18 months of age. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected from each infant at birth, and subsequently at 3-monthly intervals. Immunoglobulin levels were estimated ...
Ochoa Julio J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of lipid peroxidation and the response of the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant defence system in erythrocytes from full-term and premature infants at birth, after 3 and after 72 h of life. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty infants were selected and divided ...
Kori M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Determination of faecal elastase 1 (FE1) is a simple, relatively inexpensive, non-invasive, highly specific and sensitive test for determining pancreatic function. Secretion of pancreatic enzymes varies during infancy, but there are almost no specific data on the ontogeny of elastase 1 in human babies. AIM: To study FE1 levels ...
Precioso Alexander Roberto - - 2003
PURPOSE: to describe the patterns of the gastric myoelectrical activity, pre-and postprandially, in clinically stable neonates of different gestational ages, during their first two weeks of life by means of Electrogastrography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electrogastrography was recorded in forty-five clinically stable neonates of different gestational ages (group I: 15 neonates ...
Leader Shelah - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify time spent plus out-of-pocket costs associated with confirmed respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization of infants not prophylaxed against RSV. METHODS: A prospective survey was carried out at multiple tertiary care hospitals in the United States. PATIENTS: The patients consisted of a ...
Cook Jocelynn L - - 2003
We explored a potential mechanism linking placental prostaglandins (PGs) with a fall in plasma progesterone and increased expression of uterine activation proteins in the mouse. PG endoperoxide H synthase 2 (PGHS-2) mRNA expression increased in placenta in late gestation in association with an 8-fold increase in PGF(2alpha) concentration, reaching a ...
Arsenault Julie - - 2003
The postnatal development of ventilatory reflexes originating from bronchopulmonary receptors was assessed in preterm vs. full-term lambs. Ventilation and arterial pressure were repeatedly measured in 10 preterm (gestational age, 132 days) and 7 full-term lambs without sedation from day 1 to day 42. The Hering-Breuer inhibitory reflex (slowly adapting stretch ...
Rabl Ari - - 2003
This paper examines the relation between the results of epidemiologic studies of air pollution mortality and impact indicators that can be informative for environmental policy decisions. Using models that are simple and transparent, yet contain the essential features, it is shown that (1) number of deaths is not meaningful for ...
Vatansever Ulfet - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The presence of increased numbers of nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) and increased levels of erythropoietin (EPO) in the circulation of neonates has been associated with states of relative hypoxia. The aim of this study is to assess the pattern of NRBC counts and EPO levels in a group ...
Sheng Jiawei - - 2002
The X-ray induced color centers in soda-lime silicate glass were unstable at room temperature. There was a rapid fading at short-term stage and a slow fading at long-term stage. In the short-term stage, both first-order and second-order fading kinetics played roles in the fading process, while only the first-order fading ...
Pridham Karen F - - 2002
Guided by a theoretical process model, we examined direct and indirect effects of infants' biologic condition and experience, the caregiving environment, and caloric intake variables on two outcomes, weight-for-age and motor development, for 52 full-term and 47 premature infants at 12 months post-term age. For full-term infants, birth weight and ...
Pinelli Janet - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the available research evidence on the effects of nonnutritive sucking (NNS) in high-risk full-term and preterm infants in neonatal nurseries. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of MEDLINE (1976-2001) and CINAHL (1982-2001) databases, as well as the Cochrane Library. Reference lists of all relevant articles were also reviewed. STUDY ...
Huang Yu-Chih - - 2002
To facilitate making a diagnosis of cholestatic liver disease in Taiwan, we have established reference ranges for serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT) activity and bile acids in normal Taiwanese infants. The serum level of gamma-GT activity was assayed in 90 normal Taiwanese infants and children aged between 2 days and 2 ...
Ghirri P - - 2002
Of the 10,730 neonates born in the period 1978-1997 and examined for cryptorchidism (C) at birth, 1387 were pre-term (gestational age <37 wk), and 9343 were full-term. At birth, a total of 737 neonates (6.9%) were cryptorchid, 487 had bilateral C and 250 unilateral C. The C rate of pre-terms ...
Riepe Felix G - - 2002
Pregnenolone (Preg) and 17-hydroxypregnenolone (17OH-Preg) are marker steroids that are elevated in the 3beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-II deficiency form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The aim of this study was to establish normative data for both steroids in healthy preterm (28-33 and 34-37 wk gestation) and full-term infants, because reference values for the early ...
Esposito Susanna - - 2002
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody titres against pertussis antigens, Bordetella pertussis-specific proliferation and cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were evaluated at the age of 5-6 years in 13 children who had been pre-term infants with a gestational age (GA) of < or = 31 weeks, 10 who had ...
Bahado-Singh R O - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Hyperglycosylated hCG (HhCG) is the predominant form of chorionic gonadotrophin in states characterized by aggressive trophoblast invasion such as early pregnancy or choriocarcinoma. Pre-eclampsia may be the result of failed or inadequate trophoblast invasion. We investigated whether low levels of maternal urine HhCG levels would predict subsequent pre-eclampsia. STUDY ...
Gournay V - - 2002
AIM: To study baroreflex maturation by measuring, longitudinally, baroreflex sensitivity in preterm (gestational age 24-37 weeks) and full term infants. METHODS: Baroreflex sensitivity was quantified once a week, one to seven times, by a totally non-invasive method. RESULTS: Baroreflex sensitivity at birth was lower in the preterm infant and increased ...
Silvestri Jean M - - 2002
This article reviews studies on infants to obtain 'normal' parameters for apnoea, heart rate and O(2) saturation in healthy full-term infants. Studies have been carried out in both hospital and home settings using different protocols and these are reviewed and assessed as a means of providing baseline data for home ...
Freitas da Motta Márcia Soares - - 2002
The immunogenicity of a Hepatitis B vaccine was evaluated in 110 neonates (57 full term and 53 preterm) born to Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) negative mothers. Three 10 microg doses of recombinant Hepatitis B vaccine were administered: the first dose within the first week of life; the second between ...
Jeng Suh-Fang - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Study of kicking development provides important information to understand how early spontaneous movements change in infants as they acquire voluntary control. Researchers have investigated the kicking movements of preterm infants; however, the movement patterns that they have described were inconsistent. The purpose of this study, therefore, was ...
Pöschl Johannes M B - - 2002
A full-term infant was born with a swollen left conjunctival sac. Ophthalmia neonatorum developed within 5 d after birth. Examination of the purulent discharge showed Group B Streptococcus. The CRP level was found to be elevated and parenteral and topical therapy was started. Ophthalmia neonatorum resolved after 7 d of ...
Wan A K - - 2001
We hypothesize that S. mutans colonization occurs more frequently in pre-term children due to their relative immaturity. In this study of 172 predentate, six-month-old infants, we found that 50% of pre-term and 60% of full-term children harbored S. mutans. The colonization was confirmed by repeat sampling. Although there were minor ...
Nemet D - - 2001
We measured bone speed of sound in premature infants by quantitative ultrasound. A total of 44 neonates participated in the study including 29 premature infants (median birth weight 1264 g, range 578-2420 g; median gestational age 31 weeks, range 24-36 weeks) and 15 full-term infants (median birth weight 3360 g, ...
Dilenge M E - - 2001
Asphyxia remains one of the main causes of later disability in term infants. Despite many publications identifying possible predictors of outcome in this population of interest, little is known of the long-term developmental outcome of asphyxiated term neonates. Observational studies have largely focused on short-term outcomes, with an emphasis on ...
Fujita Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to evaluate the natural course and the long-term prognosis of cystic hygroma following live birth. METHODS: Of 39 cases, 12 were excluded because of either artificial termination or intrauterine treatment. 27 cases were retrospectively classified into 2 groups based on the outcome, and the clinical profiles ...
Fried H U - - 2001
An inexpensive headholder for mice ranging from 3-week-old animals to adults was designed to provide reliable long-term head fixation. Its shape allows the direct access to the dorsal and ventral sides of the head which makes the headholder ideal for the use with both an upright and an inverted microscope. ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >