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Results 201 - 250 of 621
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Olhager Elisabeth - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Assessment of body composition may be of interest when the nutritional status of infants is evaluated but is often difficult since simple and valid methods are lacking. With appropriate validation, measurements based on skinfold thickness (SFT) may be useful for this purpose. AIMS: To evaluate the potential of a ...
Nguyen Ruby H N - - 2005
This is the second of a two part glossary of terms used in reproductive and perinatal epidemiology. The purpose is to provide a reference for terms that are widely (if not always consistently) used in this field. While a glossary cannot resolve all these problems, it provides a point of ...
Jadcherla S R - - 2005
We evaluated the upper oesophageal sphincter (UOS) relationship with oesophageal body during primary peristalsis (PP) sequences in healthy human neonates during maturation and compared with that of healthy adult volunteers. Forty-nine studies were performed using a water perfusion manometry system and a specially designed oesophageal catheter with a UOS sleeve ...
Rosbergen Meinke - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess a possible difference in the short- and long-term outcome between infants born from a delayed-interval delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We included all neonates that were either born between November 1991 and December 2000 from a delayed-interval delivery in the Isala Clinics, Zwolle, The Netherlands, or admitted to our ...
Ward Platt Martin - - 2005
After birth, the neonate must make a transition from the assured continuous transplacental supply of glucose to a variable fat-based fuel economy. The normal infant born at term accomplishes this transition through a series of well-coordinated metabolic and hormonal adaptive changes. The patterns of adaptation in the preterm infant and ...
Hyman Chaya - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of neonatal neurological integrity is critical for early identification of pre-term and full-term infants at-risk for developmental disability. The Neurobehavioural Assessment for Pre-term Infants (NAPI) was developed to measure the progression of neurobehavioural development in pre-term infants born between 32 weeks post-conceptional age (PCA) and term. This ...
Camerini Giovanni - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated the predictive efficacy of preoperative resting energy expenditure (REE) on long-term weight loss maintenance following vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG). In the long-term following VBG, low energy expenditure could lead to regain of weight, and thereby REE data might be a reliable predictor of long-term weight outcomes. ...
Kim Young-Ju - - 2005
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of maternal oxidative stress in lowering neonatal birth weight. Women (N=261) with singleton pregnancy were analyzed for biomarker levels of oxidative stress after recruitment at the time of hospitalization for delivery in Korea between 2000 and 2001. Among the neonates, ...
Esposito Susanna - - 2005
We assessed the immunogenicity, safety and tolerability of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) administered three, five and 11 months post-natally to 46 pre-term (PT) and 46 full-term (FT) infants. After each dose, there was no significant difference between the groups in antibody levels for any of the vaccine serotypes. After ...
Lavrijsen Selma W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Severe intrauterine hypoxia-ischemia and acidemia may lead to a disturbed neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of acidemia at birth on neurodevelopment in preterm and full-term neonates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Short- and long-term outcome were studied retrospectively in 44 inborn preterms and 95 full-terms with severe acidemia at birth ...
Heathcock Jill C - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Infants born preterm differ in their spontaneous kicking, as well as their learning and memory abilities in the mobile paradigm, compared with infants born full-term. In the mobile paradigm, a supine infant's ankle is tethered to a mobile so that leg kicks cause a proportional amount of ...
Patural H - - 2004
Because of its multiple involvement in physiological processes, autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity, a key regulator of homeostatic control, demonstrates a progressive increase during pregnancy. The profile of its maturation, mainly in the parasympathetic arm, in premature or full term infants, may help us to better understand its pathophysiological role. ...
Field David J - - 2005
When NO became available for clinical use, it seemed to hold enormous promise for newborn infants with lung disease. With regard to the term and near-term infant, the role of NO seems satisfactorily defined: Near-term and term infants with hypoxic respiratory failure unresponsive to current therapy, excluding infants with diaphragmatic ...
Flores J M - - 2004
Antibiotics, particularly oxytetracycline, have been discussed as a possible predisposing condition in the appearance of chalkbrood in the honeybee (Apis mellifera L.). Nevertheless, the scientific data to support this belief have been insufficient. We have developed a method to study the effects of this antibiotic as a predisposing factor under ...
Mesner O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity is higher in term neonates than in adults. Some studies have suggested that activity may be even higher in preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: To determine if G6PD activity is higher in preterm than term neonates, and whether higher activity would interfere with diagnosis of G6PD deficiency ...
Komlósi K - - 2005
In the current prospective study our aim was to analyse the distribution of the factor V Leiden (G1691A) mutation in preterm and full-term neonates with grade I intraventricular haemorrhage and in control neonates. A group of 125 individually selected neonates with grade I intraventricular haemorrhage and 128 controls were investigated. ...
Heathcock Jill C - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: By 3 to 4 months of age, infants born full-term and without known disease display associative learning and memory abilities in the mobile paradigm, where an infant's leg is tethered to a mobile such that leg kicks result in proportional mobile movement. The first purpose of this ...
Wang Marvin L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that near-term infants have more medical problems after birth than full-term infants and that hospital stays might be prolonged and costs increased. METHODS: Electronic medical record database sorting was conducted of 7474 neonatal records and subset analyses of near-term (n = 120) and full-term (n ...
Gössel-Symank Rhena - - 2004
Differences in the activity-rest behavior of preterm and full-term infants provide an important contribution to the analysis of the ontogeny of circadian rhythms. In this study, we recorded the activity-rest behavior of 17 preterm and 8 full-term infants at the approximate age of 20 months over an average of 10 ...
Hofman P L - - 2004
An association between low birth weight, commonly a reflection of an adverse in utero environment, and the subsequent development of diseases such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension in later life is now generally accepted - as is an association between an adverse perinatal environment and a permanent reduction in ...
Carrascosa Antonio - - 2004
Thyroid function was evaluated in 75 healthy preterm infants, 30-35 weeks of gestational age. Serum thyrotropin (TSH), thyroxine (T(4)), triiodothyronine (T(3)), free T(4) (immunochemoluminescence) and reverse triiodothyronine (rT(3)) (radioimmunoassay) were measured in the mother and in the cord at delivery and in the preterm infants at 1 hour, 24 hours, ...
Morlet T - - 2004
This study was conducted to investigate maturation of the medial olivocochlear efferent system (MOCS) in pre- and full-term neonates using Quickscreen (Otodynamics Ltd) and to confirm previous findings on transient otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) suppression in neonates. MOCS maturation was investigated in 46 neonates born at the Chaim Sheba Medical Center, ...
Saini Hemant - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate evidence of neutrophil activation in infants born to pre-eclamptic women and examine any association between degree of neutrophil activation and severity of pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: This study utilized quantitative flow cytometry to determine whether the expression of surface adhesion molecules: CD18, CD11a, CD11b, and CD11c on cord blood ...
Fetters Linda - - 2004
This study explores the relation of white matter disorder (WMD) to intralimb coordination patterns in premature infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). We specifically measured the temporal-spatial characteristics of intralimb coordination patterns of the legs. Three groups of infants were compared at one month corrected age (CA): 10 premature ...
Kiortsis D - - 2004
Pituitary secretory activity is different in premature and full-term infants. The height of the pituitary is a marker of its secretory activity. Our purpose was to use MRI to measure height of the pituitary of premature infants and to compare it with full-term controls. The height was measured on a ...
Mocatta Tessa J - - 2004
There are many potential sources of reactive oxidants around the time of birth and pre-term infants are considered to be particularly vulnerable to oxidative injury. To gain insight into these processes, we have measured biomarkers of lipid and protein oxidation in umbilical cord plasma and related concentrations to mode of ...
Jeng Suh-Fang - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES: Although early kicking differences have been reported for preterm infants without overt cranial sonographic abnormalities, their functional importance remains unclear because no outcomes have been measured. Therefore, the first purpose of this prospective study was to examine the age of walking attainment in preterm infants who had ...
Sillén Ulla - - 2004
The purpose with the present review was to characterise bladder function in healthy preterm and full-term infants from findings in studies using the four-hour voiding observation. Characteristics of the free voiding pattern were very similar in preterm and full-term infants. The frequency of voidings was once an hour, bladder volume ...
Hoekstra Ronald E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Long-term outcome, including school-age function, has been infrequently reported in infants born at ages as young as 23-26 weeks' gestation. The objective of this study is to report outcome on a large cohort of these infants to understand better the risks and factors that affect survival and long-term prognosis. ...
Olhager E - - 2003
AIM: To assess total energy expenditure (TEE) and body composition, i.e. total body water (TBW) and adipose tissue volume (ATV), at term age in 8 healthy preterm infants, born between gestational weeks 30 and 33, and in 9 healthy full-term newborns. METHODS: Total and subcutaneous ATVs were assessed using magnetic ...
Moro G E - - 2003
A double-blind, randomized, controlled study was performed in 90 full term infants to evaluate dose-related bifidogenic effects of a new synergistic mixture of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) and fructo-oligosacharides (FOS). The GOS/FOS mixture showed a dose-dependent stimulatory effect on the intestinal growth of bifidobacteria. Also stool consistency and faecal pH were positively ...
Streif W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To detail low molecular mass heparin (enoxaparin) use in the first few months of life. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive cohort of unselected newborn infants. METHODS: Newborn infants were divided into groups by gestational age, underlying condition, hepatic and renal function, thrombocytopenia, and prothrombin time (PT/INR). Groups were analysed with respect ...
Agosti M - - 2003
The incidence of allergic manifestations was evaluated from birth until 6 y of age in 83 very low-birthweight infants (VLBWIs). In the same period 98 full-term babies were followed from birth to 24 mo of life. All the subjects were examined by paediatricians to establish the presence of atopic dermatitis ...
Morlet Thierry - - 2003
We previously reported that transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) continue to develop after the onset of cochlear function in pre-term infants from 34 to 39 weeks of conceptional age (Morlet et al., 1996). The time-course of development differed between genders. Reported here are findings of further analysis of data from ...
Ishihara Kenji - - 2003
Rat eosinophils contain eosinophil-associated ribonucleases (Ears) in their granules. Ears are thought to be synthesized as pre-forms and stored in the granules as mature forms. However, the N-terminal amino acid of mature Ear-1 and Ear-2 is still controversial. Therefore, we prepared two recombinant mature forms of Ear-1 and Ear-2 in ...
Krmpotić-Nemanić J - - 2003
Based on our studies we suggest that the term articulation femoropatellaris should be introduced in the new anatomic terminology, because of the importance of this entity in the function and pathology of the knee joint. In order to indicate that the condylar surfaces, having a different function are separated from ...
Dudrick Stanley J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This article recounts the conditions and status of surgical nutrition support in the 1960s and the antecedent basic and clinical investigational work leading to the development of a practical and efficacious method of adequate nourishment entirely by vein in Beagle puppies; describes the subsequent clinical application of the knowledge, ...
Yoshikawa Hideto - - 2003
I report two normally developed infants showing benign" setting sun" phenomenon. A 2(2-12)-year-old boy and a 7-year-old boy, who were born without any complications at full term, developed brief episodes of downward gazing during sucking and crying after birth However, there were no other clinical or laboratory findings, and they ...
Bautista Maria L G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The osmotic fragility of red blood cells reflects their membrane ability to maintain structural integrity. The osmolality at which the cells lyse is related to their shape, deformability, surface area/volume ratio and intrinsic membrane properties. In cord blood, there may be differences between premature and term infants, and be ...
Monterosso L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a postural support nappy and/or a postural support roll on neuromotor function in very preterm infants when nursed prone to term equivalent age. METHODS: A randomized observer blind controlled trial of 123 very preterm infants was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit of ...
Wan A K L - - 2003
The aim of this longitudinal study was to determine salivary levels of total IgA, IgG and IgM in 84 preterm and 214 full-term infants, from birth to 18 months of age. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected from each infant at birth, and subsequently at 3-monthly intervals. Immunoglobulin levels were estimated ...
Ochoa Julio J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of lipid peroxidation and the response of the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant defence system in erythrocytes from full-term and premature infants at birth, after 3 and after 72 h of life. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty infants were selected and divided ...
Kori M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Determination of faecal elastase 1 (FE1) is a simple, relatively inexpensive, non-invasive, highly specific and sensitive test for determining pancreatic function. Secretion of pancreatic enzymes varies during infancy, but there are almost no specific data on the ontogeny of elastase 1 in human babies. AIM: To study FE1 levels ...
Precioso Alexander Roberto - - 2003
PURPOSE: to describe the patterns of the gastric myoelectrical activity, pre-and postprandially, in clinically stable neonates of different gestational ages, during their first two weeks of life by means of Electrogastrography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electrogastrography was recorded in forty-five clinically stable neonates of different gestational ages (group I: 15 neonates ...
Leader Shelah - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify time spent plus out-of-pocket costs associated with confirmed respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization of infants not prophylaxed against RSV. METHODS: A prospective survey was carried out at multiple tertiary care hospitals in the United States. PATIENTS: The patients consisted of a ...
Cook Jocelynn L - - 2003
We explored a potential mechanism linking placental prostaglandins (PGs) with a fall in plasma progesterone and increased expression of uterine activation proteins in the mouse. PG endoperoxide H synthase 2 (PGHS-2) mRNA expression increased in placenta in late gestation in association with an 8-fold increase in PGF(2alpha) concentration, reaching a ...
Arsenault Julie - - 2003
The postnatal development of ventilatory reflexes originating from bronchopulmonary receptors was assessed in preterm vs. full-term lambs. Ventilation and arterial pressure were repeatedly measured in 10 preterm (gestational age, 132 days) and 7 full-term lambs without sedation from day 1 to day 42. The Hering-Breuer inhibitory reflex (slowly adapting stretch ...
Rabl Ari - - 2003
This paper examines the relation between the results of epidemiologic studies of air pollution mortality and impact indicators that can be informative for environmental policy decisions. Using models that are simple and transparent, yet contain the essential features, it is shown that (1) number of deaths is not meaningful for ...
Vatansever Ulfet - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The presence of increased numbers of nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) and increased levels of erythropoietin (EPO) in the circulation of neonates has been associated with states of relative hypoxia. The aim of this study is to assess the pattern of NRBC counts and EPO levels in a group ...
Sheng Jiawei - - 2002
The X-ray induced color centers in soda-lime silicate glass were unstable at room temperature. There was a rapid fading at short-term stage and a slow fading at long-term stage. In the short-term stage, both first-order and second-order fading kinetics played roles in the fading process, while only the first-order fading ...
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