Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 695
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Janssens A - - 2009
AIM: To compare the prevalence of psychopathology in infants born preterm with matched full-term infants at the corrected age of 1 year. METHODS: Between June 2003 and April 2005, a case-control longitudinal cohort study was conducted at the neonatal unit of the University Hospital of Antwerp, Belgium. We prospectively enrolled ...
Hsiao Chien-Chou - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentations and survival patterns of infants with trisomy 18 have changed with increasing utilization of prenatal ultrasound and amniocentesis, and improvements in neonatal intensive care. METHODS: We obtained data on duration of survival, male to female ratio, and clinical details for patients with trisomy 18, and calculated ...
Yoshida Tomohide - - 2009
Adiponectin consists of three subspecies (high-, middle- and low-molecular weight adiponectin). Among these, high-molecular weight adiponectin (H-adn) is suggested to be an active form of this protein. To assess the relationship between H-adn and postnatal growth in preterm infants (PIs), serum H-adn and total adiponectin (T-adn) were measured in 46 ...
Kent Alison L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Extreme prematurity exposes the neonate to a number of potential renal insults that may result in a reduced number of glomeruli and/or renal size. This may predispose these individuals to cardiovascular disease later in life. The objective was to determine using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) whether extreme prematurity results ...
Heininger Ulrich - - 2009
We measured IgG-anti-pertussis toxin and -IgG-anti-filamentous hemagglutinin antibody values in 43 full term and 34 preterm infants and 79 mothers. Antibody values were generally low and mean values were higher in full term than preterm infants. Transfer ratios increased with gestational age of the newborns. Based on these findings, maternal ...
Takizawa Koki - - 2009
We report a long-term survivor with Uhl's anomaly who underwent one and a half ventricle repair combined with a partial right ventriculectomy in infancy, followed by successful total cavopulmonary conversion with right ventricular exclusion 5 years later. The combination of total cavopulmonary connection and right ventricular exclusion could be the ...
Omoigberale A I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Over 90% full term normal newborns are known to pass meconium (first stools) within the first 24 hrs of life especially among Caucasians. This has not been fully documented among African neonates. This study was therefore done to determine time of passage of first stools (meconium) in African neonates ...
Saliho─člu Ozgül - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate placental pathologies in malnourished term neonates. METHODS: A group of term newborns was evaluated at birth for fetal malnutrition (FM) using the Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status (CANS) score. The study group consisted of 37 malnourished neonates and 13 well-nourished ...
Woodward Amanda L - - 2009
The perception of others as intentional agents is fundamental to human experience and foundational to development. Recent research reveals that this cornerstone of social perception has its roots early in infancy, and that it draws structure from the universal, early emerging human experience of engaging in goal-directed action. Infants' own ...
Thompson Deanne K DK Neuroimaging and Neuroinformatics, Howard Florey Institute, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. - - 2009
Hippocampi are asymmetrical in children and adults, where the right hippocampus is larger. To date, no literature has confirmed that hippocampal asymmetry is evident at birth. Furthermore, gender differences have been observed in normal hippocampal asymmetry, but this has not been examined in neonates. Stress, injury, and lower IQ have ...
Roggero Paola - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that preterm infants' growth duplicates fetal growth rates and that body composition replicates in utero body composition. AIMS: To compare the total body fat mass between preterm infants assessed at term corrected age and full-term newborns, and to investigate the effects of ...
Kayed Nanna Sønnichsen NS Developmental Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491, Trondheim, Norway. - - 2009
Prospective control when catching moving toys was studied longitudinally in full-term and preterm infants between the ages of 22 and 48 weeks. The toy's distance and time to the catching place and its velocity were explored as possible timing strategies used by infants to start their hand movement. The aim ...
Asaka Yoko - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to identify the characteristics of sleep behaviors assessed from activity data among very low-birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants in comparison to full-term infants at the age of around 12 corrected months, due to the possibility that sleep behaviors of preterm infants may be ...
Grant-Beuttler Marybeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Differences in the gastrocnemius-soleus muscle and tendon have been documented shortly after birth in infants born preterm compared with infants born at term. Knowledge of muscle tendon unit lengths at term age to 12 weeks of age in infants born preterm may be useful in understanding motor ...
Siahanidou Tania - - 2009
To study circulating levels and distribution of adiponectin multimers [low molecular weight (LMW)-, medium molecular weight (MMW)- and high molecular weight (HMW)-adiponectin] in preterm and full-term infants. Total serum adiponectin and its multimers were measured in 40 healthy infants at the age of one month and associations with anthropometric parameters ...
Fusch C - - 2009
There are special challenges in implementing parenteral nutrition (PN) in paediatric patients, which arises from the wide range of patients, ranging from extremely premature infants up to teenagers weighing up to and over 100 kg, and their varying substrate requirements. Age and maturity-related changes of the metabolism and fluid and ...
Woodward Amanda L AL University of Maryland, College - - 2009
Perception of the social world in terms of agents and their intentional relations is fundamental to human experience. In this chapter, we review recent investigations into the origins of this fundamental ability that trace its roots to the first year of life. These studies show that infants represent others' actions ...
Rahman Hassan H From the *Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston; and †Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, - - 2009
Panuveitis and chorioretinitis in infants with Langerhans cell histiocytosis are rare and fundus photographic documentation is lacking in the literature. Case report with fundus photography. The authors report a case of an infant with disseminated Langerhans cell histiocytosis who presented with panuveitis in the right eye and chorioretinitis in left ...
Grieve Philip G PG Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, - - 2008
The hypothesis is tested that electrocortical functional connectivity (quantified by coherence) of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, measured at term post-menstrual age, has regional differences from that of full term infants. 128 lead EEG data were collected during sleep from 8 ELBW infants with normal head ultrasound exams and ...
Haley David W - - 2008
Learning difficulties in preterm infants are thought to reflect impairment in arousal regulation. We examined relationships among gestational age, learning speed, and behavioral and physiological reactivity in 55 preterm and 49 full-term infants during baseline, contingency, and nonreinforcement phases of a conjugate mobile paradigm at 3 months corrected age. For ...
Spencer Edwin E EE - - 2008
The EndoButton technique of distal biceps tendon repair provides strong biomechanical fixation. This strength of fixation may allow earlier postoperative range of motion (ROM). A retrospective review of 15 male patients undergoing single incision EndoButton repairs was used. Six subjects participated in conventional supervised postoperative rehabilitation while nine subjects were ...
Razmus Ivy - - 2008
The science of pressure ulcer development in infants is underdeveloped. Although recent conceptual frameworks have been applied to younger populations, this article focuses on the unique attributes of full-term and preterm newborns that have an impact on pressure ulcer development. A proposed schema identifies the theoretical elements associated with pressure ...
Hoogstraate Sander R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Six term newborns presented with apnoea and temporal lobe haemorrhage. AIM: In this observational study, we described involvement of the limbic system in apnoeic term newborns with temporal lobe injury. METHODS: Six term newborns presented to the neonatal care unit with apnoea within the first 2 days of life. ...
Cartwright Julyan H E - - 2008
In the past few years we have unfortunately had several reminders of the ability of a particular type of ocean wave--a tsunami--to devastate coastal areas. The Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, in particular, was one of the largest natural disasters of past decades in terms of the number of people ...
Urban Elizabeth - - 2008
This paper concerns the self as Fordham came to conceive it after a conceptual analysis of Jung's use of the term. Fordham identified a contradiction in Jung's usage, and resolved it by reserving 'self' for a definition of the psychosomatic entirety of the individual, and using a separate term for ...
Schiariti V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Long-term outcomes of preterm infants have been extensively studied, but few studies have examined long-term outcomes of term infants who require neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Our objectives were to assess perinatal characteristics and health status of preschool age term babies using data from a population-based study of NICU ...
Homer Caroline S E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether outcomes differed for women with pre-eclampsia according to the presence of proteinuria and whether non-proteinuric pre-eclampsia is similar to gestational hypertension. DESIGN: From 1987 to 2005, at three hospitals in Sydney, Australia, women referred to the obstetric medicine team were recruited. Outcomes for three groups were ...
Oliveri S - - 2008
This preliminary study evaluated the use of the Platelia Candida antigen kit for the diagnosis of invasive candidosis in 70 of 184 pre-term infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit between March 2004 and March 2006. The frequency of confirmed candidaemia was 6.5%. The sensitivity and specificity of the ...
Morise A - - 2008
With genetic selection, the increase in litter size has led to higher variation in within-litter birth weights in pigs. This has been associated with a reduction in mean birth weights and a rise in the proportion of piglets weighing less than 1 kg at birth. Low birth weight pigs exhibit ...
Popescu E A - - 2008
Several studies in term and pre-term infants have investigated the rhythmic pattern of non-nutritive sucking (NNS) indicating correlations between the quantitative measures derived from sucking pressure variation and/or electromyographic (EMG) recordings and a range of factors that include age, perinatal stress and sequelae. In the human fetus, NNS has been ...
Piccione Giuseppe - - 2008
The neonatal period is probably the only time when a higher incidence of spontaneous thromboembolic complications may occur in the otherwise normal, healthy individual. This study was designed to determine the postnatal development of the kid coagulation system. Ten clinically healthy and full-term-born Maltese kid goats (5 males and 5 ...
Abdulkader Huda M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The newborn infant's response to stimulation with von Frey filaments has previously been examined only at the spinal level as the flexion withdrawal response or abdominal reflex. The threshold for the spinal responses has been shown to be lower following skin damage and visceral pathology. Higher forces of mechanical ...
Kairamkonda V R - - 2008
Hyperglycemia is a common problem in newborns undergoing intensive care, especially extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. There is a lack of consensus with regard to various aspects of management of neonatal hyperglycemia including definition, optimal management strategy as well as short and long term implications. We reviewed the current ...
Rodríguez Gerardo - - 2008
AIMS: Abdominal circumference (AC) assessment may be used as an index of abdominal visceral size, fetal fat store, and intrauterine nutrition. The aim of this study is to construct sex-specific references and smoothed percentiles for AC at birth in term and near-term Caucasian infants. METHODS: AC was measured in 4542 ...
Herdener S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) is a new technique to measure intraocular pressure (IOP). In several studies no correlation between IOP values and corneal thickness was shown with DCT. This is in contrast to the gold standard, Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT). The authors evaluated the reproducibility (RP) of DCT compared ...
Veldman Alex - - 2008
Among children, newborn infants are most vulnerable to development of thrombosis and serious thromboembolic complications. Amongst newborns, those neonates who are critically ill, both term and preterm, are at greatest risk for developing symptomatic thromboembolic disease. The most important risk factors are inflammation, DIC, impaired liver function, fluctuations in cardiac ...
Heathcock Jill C - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study had 2 purposes: (1) to compare the emergence of reaching in infants born full-term and infants born at less than 33 weeks of gestational age and (2) to evaluate the effectiveness of a movement training program on the emergence of reaching in this preterm population. ...
Wang Shou-Jen - - 2008
Our recent study successfully recorded vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) responses in full-term newborns. However, when VEMP responses are elicited in preterm neonates remains unclear. This study employed the VEMP test in 27 low-risk preterm and 25 healthy full-term neonates without sedation to investigate the development of VEMP response after ...
Paget-Brown A O - - 2007
The pH of sputum and exhaled breath condensate is abnormal in several pulmonary disorders. Though airway pH regulatory proteins may be abnormally expressed in human development, the tracheal aspirate pH of infants born prematurely has not been studied. Undiluted mid-tracheal aspirate samples were obtained on the first day of life ...
McHugh Matthew D MD The Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2007
To determine if readiness for change (RFC) at admission predicted length of stay (LOS) and short-term outcomes among female adolescents in residential treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN). Using a prospective cohort design to collect data from participants (N = 65) at admission and discharge, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression ...
Abdulkader Huda M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is concern that exposure of preterm infants to noxious insults over a prolonged period may have long term effects on their developing nervous system. AIMS: To investigate medium and long term effects of heel pricks in infants over the first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: Study 1-a longitudinal ...
Amir A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The neonatal mortality rate is disproportionately influenced by preterm infants and does not reflect the rate in full-term infants. Our objectives were to estimate the full-term neonatal mortality rate and to identify causes of death in full-term infants during the first month of life. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study ...
Siahanidou Tania - - 2007
The gut hormone peptide YY 3-36 [PYY (3-36)] has been suggested to posses anorexigenic actions in animals and human adults. However, its circulating concentrations and function have not been studied in neonates. Serum concentrations of PYY (3-36) were determined by RIA (RIA) in 62 healthy preterm infants [mean(SD) gestational age, ...
Bugental Daphne Blunt - - 2008
Comparisons were made of differences in the hormonal sensitivity of preterm versus full-term infants to maternal depression, as reflected in children's cortisol levels. In Study 1 (N=25), a comparison was made between preterm versus healthy full-term children. In Study 2 (N=80), a comparison was made between preterm infants and full-term ...
Cuttle Leila - - 2007
We wished to determine whether changing our centre's practice of using Acticoat instead of Silvazine as our first-line burns dressing provided a better standard of care in terms of efficacy, cost and ease of use. A retrospective cohort study was performed examining 328 Silvazine treated patients from January 2000 to ...
Rees Lesley - - 2007
Although the numbers of infants requiring dialysis are small, management of these patients presents many challenges. Mortality is high in infants with comorbidities, complications of dialysis are common, and most of these infants need enteral feeding. However, the long-term outcome for otherwise healthy infants is comparable to that for older ...
Altuncu Emel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) evaluation in osteopenia of prematurity and to compare the results to biochemical parameters. METHODS: QUS assessment of bone was performed at the end of the first postnatal week and at term-corrected age (CA) in premature infants (N = ...
Ohgi Shohei - - 2007
The authors evaluated the characteristics of infants' spontaneous movements by using dynamical systems analysis. Participants were 6 healthy 1-month-old full-term newborn infants (3 males, 3 females). They used a triaxial accelerometer to measure limb acceleration in 3-dimensional space. Acceleration signals were recorded during 200 s from the right wrist when ...
Dalziel Stuart R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological evidence has shown increased rates of cardiovascular mortality and associated risk factors in those born small. However, scarce information exists concerning cardiovascular risk factors in adulthood following pre-term birth, or distinguishing the relative contributions of length of gestation and fetal growth to small size at birth. METHODS: ...
Negrete-Esqueda Lidia - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to compare the delayed response to Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunization in preterm infants 31.4 to 34.6 weeks of age with full-terms infants by tuberculin test (tuberculin skin test with purified protein derivative [PPD]). One hundred newborns were studied from November 2000 to April 2002, ...
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