Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 674
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Razmus Ivy - - 2008
The science of pressure ulcer development in infants is underdeveloped. Although recent conceptual frameworks have been applied to younger populations, this article focuses on the unique attributes of full-term and preterm newborns that have an impact on pressure ulcer development. A proposed schema identifies the theoretical elements associated with pressure ...
Hoogstraate Sander R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Six term newborns presented with apnoea and temporal lobe haemorrhage. AIM: In this observational study, we described involvement of the limbic system in apnoeic term newborns with temporal lobe injury. METHODS: Six term newborns presented to the neonatal care unit with apnoea within the first 2 days of life. ...
Cartwright Julyan H E - - 2008
In the past few years we have unfortunately had several reminders of the ability of a particular type of ocean wave--a tsunami--to devastate coastal areas. The Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, in particular, was one of the largest natural disasters of past decades in terms of the number of people ...
Urban Elizabeth - - 2008
This paper concerns the self as Fordham came to conceive it after a conceptual analysis of Jung's use of the term. Fordham identified a contradiction in Jung's usage, and resolved it by reserving 'self' for a definition of the psychosomatic entirety of the individual, and using a separate term for ...
Schiariti V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Long-term outcomes of preterm infants have been extensively studied, but few studies have examined long-term outcomes of term infants who require neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Our objectives were to assess perinatal characteristics and health status of preschool age term babies using data from a population-based study of NICU ...
Homer Caroline S E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether outcomes differed for women with pre-eclampsia according to the presence of proteinuria and whether non-proteinuric pre-eclampsia is similar to gestational hypertension. DESIGN: From 1987 to 2005, at three hospitals in Sydney, Australia, women referred to the obstetric medicine team were recruited. Outcomes for three groups were ...
Oliveri S - - 2008
This preliminary study evaluated the use of the Platelia Candida antigen kit for the diagnosis of invasive candidosis in 70 of 184 pre-term infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit between March 2004 and March 2006. The frequency of confirmed candidaemia was 6.5%. The sensitivity and specificity of the ...
Morise A - - 2008
With genetic selection, the increase in litter size has led to higher variation in within-litter birth weights in pigs. This has been associated with a reduction in mean birth weights and a rise in the proportion of piglets weighing less than 1 kg at birth. Low birth weight pigs exhibit ...
Popescu E A - - 2008
Several studies in term and pre-term infants have investigated the rhythmic pattern of non-nutritive sucking (NNS) indicating correlations between the quantitative measures derived from sucking pressure variation and/or electromyographic (EMG) recordings and a range of factors that include age, perinatal stress and sequelae. In the human fetus, NNS has been ...
Piccione Giuseppe - - 2008
The neonatal period is probably the only time when a higher incidence of spontaneous thromboembolic complications may occur in the otherwise normal, healthy individual. This study was designed to determine the postnatal development of the kid coagulation system. Ten clinically healthy and full-term-born Maltese kid goats (5 males and 5 ...
Abdulkader Huda M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The newborn infant's response to stimulation with von Frey filaments has previously been examined only at the spinal level as the flexion withdrawal response or abdominal reflex. The threshold for the spinal responses has been shown to be lower following skin damage and visceral pathology. Higher forces of mechanical ...
Kairamkonda V R - - 2008
Hyperglycemia is a common problem in newborns undergoing intensive care, especially extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. There is a lack of consensus with regard to various aspects of management of neonatal hyperglycemia including definition, optimal management strategy as well as short and long term implications. We reviewed the current ...
Rodríguez Gerardo - - 2008
AIMS: Abdominal circumference (AC) assessment may be used as an index of abdominal visceral size, fetal fat store, and intrauterine nutrition. The aim of this study is to construct sex-specific references and smoothed percentiles for AC at birth in term and near-term Caucasian infants. METHODS: AC was measured in 4542 ...
Herdener S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) is a new technique to measure intraocular pressure (IOP). In several studies no correlation between IOP values and corneal thickness was shown with DCT. This is in contrast to the gold standard, Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT). The authors evaluated the reproducibility (RP) of DCT compared ...
Veldman Alex - - 2008
Among children, newborn infants are most vulnerable to development of thrombosis and serious thromboembolic complications. Amongst newborns, those neonates who are critically ill, both term and preterm, are at greatest risk for developing symptomatic thromboembolic disease. The most important risk factors are inflammation, DIC, impaired liver function, fluctuations in cardiac ...
Heathcock Jill C - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study had 2 purposes: (1) to compare the emergence of reaching in infants born full-term and infants born at less than 33 weeks of gestational age and (2) to evaluate the effectiveness of a movement training program on the emergence of reaching in this preterm population. ...
Wang Shou-Jen - - 2008
Our recent study successfully recorded vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) responses in full-term newborns. However, when VEMP responses are elicited in preterm neonates remains unclear. This study employed the VEMP test in 27 low-risk preterm and 25 healthy full-term neonates without sedation to investigate the development of VEMP response after ...
Paget-Brown A O - - 2007
The pH of sputum and exhaled breath condensate is abnormal in several pulmonary disorders. Though airway pH regulatory proteins may be abnormally expressed in human development, the tracheal aspirate pH of infants born prematurely has not been studied. Undiluted mid-tracheal aspirate samples were obtained on the first day of life ...
McHugh Matthew D MD The Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2007
To determine if readiness for change (RFC) at admission predicted length of stay (LOS) and short-term outcomes among female adolescents in residential treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN). Using a prospective cohort design to collect data from participants (N = 65) at admission and discharge, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression ...
Abdulkader Huda M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is concern that exposure of preterm infants to noxious insults over a prolonged period may have long term effects on their developing nervous system. AIMS: To investigate medium and long term effects of heel pricks in infants over the first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: Study 1-a longitudinal ...
Amir A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The neonatal mortality rate is disproportionately influenced by preterm infants and does not reflect the rate in full-term infants. Our objectives were to estimate the full-term neonatal mortality rate and to identify causes of death in full-term infants during the first month of life. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study ...
Siahanidou Tania - - 2007
The gut hormone peptide YY 3-36 [PYY (3-36)] has been suggested to posses anorexigenic actions in animals and human adults. However, its circulating concentrations and function have not been studied in neonates. Serum concentrations of PYY (3-36) were determined by RIA (RIA) in 62 healthy preterm infants [mean(SD) gestational age, ...
Bugental Daphne Blunt - - 2008
Comparisons were made of differences in the hormonal sensitivity of preterm versus full-term infants to maternal depression, as reflected in children's cortisol levels. In Study 1 (N=25), a comparison was made between preterm versus healthy full-term children. In Study 2 (N=80), a comparison was made between preterm infants and full-term ...
Cuttle Leila - - 2007
We wished to determine whether changing our centre's practice of using Acticoat instead of Silvazine as our first-line burns dressing provided a better standard of care in terms of efficacy, cost and ease of use. A retrospective cohort study was performed examining 328 Silvazine treated patients from January 2000 to ...
Rees Lesley - - 2007
Although the numbers of infants requiring dialysis are small, management of these patients presents many challenges. Mortality is high in infants with comorbidities, complications of dialysis are common, and most of these infants need enteral feeding. However, the long-term outcome for otherwise healthy infants is comparable to that for older ...
Altuncu Emel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) evaluation in osteopenia of prematurity and to compare the results to biochemical parameters. METHODS: QUS assessment of bone was performed at the end of the first postnatal week and at term-corrected age (CA) in premature infants (N = ...
Ohgi Shohei - - 2007
The authors evaluated the characteristics of infants' spontaneous movements by using dynamical systems analysis. Participants were 6 healthy 1-month-old full-term newborn infants (3 males, 3 females). They used a triaxial accelerometer to measure limb acceleration in 3-dimensional space. Acceleration signals were recorded during 200 s from the right wrist when ...
Dalziel Stuart R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological evidence has shown increased rates of cardiovascular mortality and associated risk factors in those born small. However, scarce information exists concerning cardiovascular risk factors in adulthood following pre-term birth, or distinguishing the relative contributions of length of gestation and fetal growth to small size at birth. METHODS: ...
Negrete-Esqueda Lidia - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to compare the delayed response to Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunization in preterm infants 31.4 to 34.6 weeks of age with full-terms infants by tuberculin test (tuberculin skin test with purified protein derivative [PPD]). One hundred newborns were studied from November 2000 to April 2002, ...
Hoyert Donna L - - 2007
Objectives-This report presents information on autopsy data in 2003 and compares data for 1993 and 2003. Methods-Death certificates are completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners. The original records are filed in the state registration offices. Statistical information is compiled into a national database through the Vital ...
Ergenekon Ebru - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hypernatremic dehydration due to inadequate fluid intake can be a significant problem during the neonatal period and thereafter. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the term newborn infants admitted to Gazi University Hospital neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for hypernatremic dehydration between June 2001 and June ...
James Andrew G - - 2007
Clinically relevant concepts of specialized clinical domains may not yet have been represented in SNOMED CT(R). The July 2006 release was examined with CliniClue browser to determine whether 881 terms for the clinical care of the newborn infant are represented in SNOMED CT. There was complete representation for 86.4% of ...
Grant Beuttler Marybeth - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study assessed differences in measures of the muscle tendon unit between infants born preterm and infants born full-term. METHODS: Twenty infants born between 26 and 36 weeks of gestation comprised the preterm group and 21 infants born between 38 and 42 weeks of gestation comprised the full-term group. ...
Agrawal Shruti - - 2007
There are only a few clinical reports on the use of intravenous (i.v.) paracetamol in term neonates. This case report illustrates that when routes for administration of analgesics are restricted to i.v. only and when opioids are not indicated then i.v. paracetamol may be used. In our 4-day-old term infant, ...
Hangartner T N - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Short-term precision is often quoted and used as the most important performance parameter of a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanner; however, long-term precision has a more profound impact on patient monitoring. Long-term precision refers to the combination of in-vivo precision errors and long-term equipment stability. METHODS: To monitor long-term ...
Jalving M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether proton pump inhibitor use leads to fundic gland polyp development. AIM: To determine whether fundic gland polyp development is due to proton pump inhibitor use and to investigate mechanisms involved. METHODS: Proton pump inhibitor use and the presence of fundic gland polyps were assessed in ...
De Silva Don Julian - - 2006
PURPOSE: Few studies have assessed optic disk and retinal morphology in infants. Here the optic disk and optic disk-to-fovea distance were measured in preterm and full-term infants in vivo. METHODS: Optic disk (OD) dimensions and the center-to-center distance between the OD and the macula were measured using digital imaging in ...
Pejovic Bijana - - 2007
The neonatal period is a time of extensive hemodynamic changes. It is expected that these changes are most prominent in premature infants during the first week of life. The aim of this study was to examine arterial blood pressure (BP) measured by an oscillometric device in the first month of ...
Lehr Andrew T - - 2006
Participants were 24 male and 32 female undergraduate and graduate students whom the authors recruited for an examination of the effects of attitude similarity and reciprocity on the degree of attraction toward potential mates. The authors examined the effects of these 2 variables on degree of liking in long-term and ...
Cai Yuanfeng - - 2007
The FTIR spectra of pure magnesium-rich (Mg-rich) and magnesium-poor (Mg-poor) palygorskites, before and after short-term (<7 h) and long-term (360 h) acid leaching are presented here. Comparison of decomposition spectra of Mg-rich and Mg-poor palygorskites clearly shows that the absorption peaks related to pairs of octahedral cation differ depending on ...
Lin Hsiao-Ju - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone (DEX) is frequently used as a therapeutic agent to lessen the morbidity of chronic lung disease in premature infants. Surprisingly, little is known about the long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of this therapy. METHODS: Using a schedule of tapering doses of DEX similar to that used in premature ...
Teitelbaum Jonathan E - - 2006
Metabolic bone disease of prematurity (MBDP) is a common and significant problem that often gives rise to osteopenia, fractures, osteomalacia, and osteoporosis. The purpose of our study is to establish normative data on bone status in premature and full-term infants to help future studies on MBDP. Bone status was prospectively ...
Jastrow N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproducibility of sonographic measurement of the lower uterine segment in pregnant women at term. METHODS: Two independent observers performed transabdominal sonography on 129 women between 36 and 38 weeks of gestation who had had a previous Cesarean section. Sonography was performed when the patients had a ...
Clapp D Wade - - 2006
Term newborns have a higher frequency of microbial infections than older children and adults. Extremely premature newborns (<28 weeks gestation) have an even higher frequency. Quantitative and qualitative differences in the development of the immune system have been identified as a partial explanation for the increase in the incidence of ...
Nyffeler Richard W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Factors predisposing to tearing of the rotator cuff are poorly understood. We have observed that the acromion of patients with a rotator cuff tear very often appears large on anteroposterior radiographs or during surgery. The purpose of this study was to quantify the lateral extension of the acromion in ...
Zhang J - - 2006
The aims of this study were to investigate the difference in developmental process of gastric slow waves and the effects of feeding in pre-term and full-term infants. Twenty-six pre-term and 31 full-term infants were enrolled in the study. Gastric myoelectrical activity was recorded using electrogastrography (EGG) from birth to month ...
Srinivasan L L Department of Paediatrics, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2006
Traditionally cerebellar functions are thought to be related to control of tone, posture, gait, and coordination of skilled motor activity. However, there is an increasing body of evidence implicating the cerebellum in cognition, language, memory, and motor learning. Preterm infants are at increased risk of neurodevelopmental delay, cognitive dysfunction, and ...
Wootten Christopher T CT Department of Otolaryngology, Vanderbilt University, 7209 Medical Center East, 1215 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37232-8605, USA. - - 2006
In an era emphasizing critical care of preterm infants, we characterize the indications and outcomes of tracheotomies performed in the first year of life in term infants compared to preterm infants. Retrospective study of 127 tracheotomies performed in the first year of life at a tertiary-care children's hospital between 1988-2004. ...
Mörelius Evalotte - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Infants in neonatal intensive care (NICU infants) are often cared for in a stressful environment that includes potentially painful or stressful interventions. The aim was to investigate whether NICU infants have different pattern of stress and pain responses than healthy newborns when challenged by a non-painful everyday care routine. ...
Henschen M - - 2006
High-frequency respiratory impedance data measured noninvasively by the high-speed interrupter technique (HIT), particularly the first antiresonance frequency (f(ar,1)), is related to airway wall mechanics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and repeatability of HIT in unsedated pre-term infants, and to compare values of f(ar,1) from 18 ...
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