Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 669
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Tołłoczko Justyna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The survival rate and quality of life of extremely low birthweight infants remain to be one of the main challenges of modern neonatology. Therefore, pre-term children born after 32 weeks of gestation with more normal birthweight, have become a relatively minor medical problem in comparison. OBJECTIVES: The aim of ...
Takala Timo I - - 2010
The goal of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of blood cell and iron status laboratory analytes in preterm and full-term infants during the first year of life. This was a prospective study of 100 preterm and 50 full-term infants. Preterm infants received iron supplementation beginning at 3 weeks ...
Osipoff Jennifer - - 2010
Pituitary hyperplasia is generally associated with end-organ failure such as primary hypothyroidism, physiological changes such as puberty and pregnancy, or neoplasms secreting releasing factors. We present a full-term infant with an enlarged pituitary height of 8 mm at age 3 days despite a normal endocrinological evaluation. Repeat imaging at 5 months of age ...
Fleischman Alan R - - 2010
Term birth (37-41 weeks of gestation) has previously been considered a homogeneous group to which risks associated with preterm (less than 37 weeks of gestation) and postterm births (42 weeks of gestation and beyond) are compared. An examination of the history behind the definition of term birth reveals that it ...
Wang Tien-Ni - - 2010
Pre-term infants are at high risk for motor disabilities. Postural control, the basis for motor development, develops rapidly during the first year of life. An early start to extra-uterine life with an immature motor system may influence a pre-term infant's postural control. To identify important prognostic factors and determine the ...
Montirosso Rosario - - 2010
Pre-term birth has a significant impact on infants' social and emotional competence, however, little is known about regulatory processes in pre-term mother-infant dyads during normal or stressful interactions. The primary goals of this study were to investigate the differences in infant and caregiver interactive behaviour and dyadic coordination of clinically ...
Filippi Luca - - 2010
To investigate whether topiramate associated with mild or deep hypothermia in asphyxiated term infants is safe in relation to the short-term outcome. We report on 27 consecutive asphyxiated newborns who were treated with whole body hypothermia and 27 additional consecutive newborns with hypothermia who were co-treated with oral topiramate, once ...
Bensley Jonathan G - - 2010
Pre-term birth affects 10-12% of live births and occurs when the myocardium is still developing; therefore, the final structure of the myocardium could be altered. We hypothesized that, in response to pre-term birth, structural remodelling occurs within the myocardium which enables the immature heart muscle to adapt to the haemodynamic ...
van den Akker Chris H P - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obviously, the ultimate goal in neonatology is to achieve a functional outcome in premature infants that is comparable to healthy term-born infants. As nutrition is one of the key factors for normal cell growth, providing the right amount and quality of nutrients could prove pivotal for normal ...
Yang Xiao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To devise some indicators for measuring and evaluating the neonatal cardiac reserve by using phonocardiogram test (PCGT). METHODS: Two hundred and thirty one (231) full term and one hundred and fifty four (154) preterm infants participated in this study. The amplitude ratio of the first heart sound to the ...
Smyser Christopher D - - 2010
Application of resting state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) to the study of prematurely born infants enables assessment of the earliest forms of cerebral connectivity and characterization of its early development in the human brain. We obtained 90 longitudinal fcMRI data sets from a cohort of preterm infants aged ...
Haley David W - - 2010
We examined the role of physiological regulation (heart rate, vagal tone, and salivary cortisol) in short-term memory in preterm and full-term 6-month-old infants. Using a deferred imitation task to evaluate social learning and memory recall, an experimenter modeled three novel behaviors (removing, shaking, and replacing a glove) on a puppet. ...
Matter Mohamed - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess myocardial performance of full-term infants with perinatal asphyxia using Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) and to correlate it with serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) concentrations. Twenty-five asphyxiated and 20 nonasphyxiated term infants were investigated. Serum cTnT concentrations were measured between 12 and 24 ...
LaPrairie Jamie L JL Neuroscience Institute, Georgia State University, 38 Peachtree Center Ave, 806 GCB, Atlanta, GA 30303, - - 2010
Over the last several decades, the relative contribution of early life events to individual disease susceptibility has been explored extensively. Only fairly recently, however, has it become evident that abnormal or excessive nociceptive activity experienced during the perinatal period may permanently alter the normal development of the CNS and influence ...
Peña Marcela - - 2010
We tested healthy preterm (born near 28 +/- 2 weeks of gestational age) and full-term infants at various different ages. We compared the two populations on the development of a language acquisition landmark, namely, the ability to distinguish the native language from a rhythmically similar one. This ability is attained ...
Strauss T - - 2010
Evaluation of clot formation in neonates is troublesome. Our aim was to investigate cord blood clot formation of pre-term versus full-term infants and adults, using rotating thromboelastogram (ROTEM), Pentafarm, Munich, Germany). ROTEM was investigated in cord blood of 184 full-term and 47 pre-term infants. Measurements of the clotting time (CT), ...
Campeotto F - - 2010
Newborns display high intestinal permeability and a naive adaptive immune system, but infections are rare, indicating strong innate defense mechanisms. To measure the kinetics of fecal β-defensin-2 (HBD2), an inducible endogenous antimicrobial peptide produced by intestinal epithelial cells, in full-term and preterm infants. As a first step of this bicentric ...
Teune Margreet J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many perinatal interventions are performed to improve long-term neonatal outcome. To evaluate the long-term effect of a perinatal intervention follow-up of the child after discharge from the hospital is necessary because serious sequelae from perinatal complications frequently manifest themselves only after several years. However, long-term follow-up is time-consuming, is ...
Aucott S W - - 2010
Both excess and insufficient levels of glucocorticoid in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants have been associated with adverse hospital outcomes, whereas excess glucocorticoid exposure has been associated with long-term adverse neurodevelopment. Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between neonatal cortisol concentrations and long-term outcomes of growth and neurodevelopment. ...
Raaschou-Nielsen O - - 2010
Long-term exposure to air pollution is suspected to cause recurrent wheeze in infants. The few previous studies have had ambiguous results. The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of measured long-term exposure to indoor air pollution on wheezing symptoms in infants. We monitored wheezing symptoms in diaries ...
Dusing Stacey C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants born preterm are at risk for developmental impairments related to postural control. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether infants born preterm and infants born at full term differed in postural control at 1 to 3 weeks after term age. DESIGN: This study included 17 ...
Bauer Jacqueline - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal data on resting energy expenditure (REE) in extremely immature infants and full-term neonates are scarce but are necessary to understand the energy requirements in neonatal nutrition during the first weeks of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to measure REE and its main components longitudinally ...
Anderson Ben - - 2009
Bacterial endocarditis complicated by the development of intra-cardiac thrombus presents a difficult management dilemma in the pre-term infant. Here we present our experience with three infants who had this condition, all of whom were successfully managed using therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-TPA). Therapy in one of the infants ...
Luo Hong-Ji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treadmill training in supported stepping has been used as part of rehabilitation programs for children with neurodevelopmental problems to facilitate earlier onset of walking. However, information concerning the developmental continuity between supported stepping and walking is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to longitudinally examine supported stepping ...
Maggio Luca - - 2009
The use of HMF remains an important option and has become common practice in all neonatal intensive care units. However, optimal composition of fortifiers is still undefined and more data are needed on safety and long-term benefits. Further research should be directed toward comparisons between different proprietary preparations, evaluating both ...
Janssens A - - 2009
AIM: To compare the prevalence of psychopathology in infants born preterm with matched full-term infants at the corrected age of 1 year. METHODS: Between June 2003 and April 2005, a case-control longitudinal cohort study was conducted at the neonatal unit of the University Hospital of Antwerp, Belgium. We prospectively enrolled ...
Hsiao Chien-Chou - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentations and survival patterns of infants with trisomy 18 have changed with increasing utilization of prenatal ultrasound and amniocentesis, and improvements in neonatal intensive care. METHODS: We obtained data on duration of survival, male to female ratio, and clinical details for patients with trisomy 18, and calculated ...
Yoshida Tomohide - - 2009
Adiponectin consists of three subspecies (high-, middle- and low-molecular weight adiponectin). Among these, high-molecular weight adiponectin (H-adn) is suggested to be an active form of this protein. To assess the relationship between H-adn and postnatal growth in preterm infants (PIs), serum H-adn and total adiponectin (T-adn) were measured in 46 ...
Kent Alison L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Extreme prematurity exposes the neonate to a number of potential renal insults that may result in a reduced number of glomeruli and/or renal size. This may predispose these individuals to cardiovascular disease later in life. The objective was to determine using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) whether extreme prematurity results ...
Heininger Ulrich - - 2009
We measured IgG-anti-pertussis toxin and -IgG-anti-filamentous hemagglutinin antibody values in 43 full term and 34 preterm infants and 79 mothers. Antibody values were generally low and mean values were higher in full term than preterm infants. Transfer ratios increased with gestational age of the newborns. Based on these findings, maternal ...
Takizawa Koki - - 2009
We report a long-term survivor with Uhl's anomaly who underwent one and a half ventricle repair combined with a partial right ventriculectomy in infancy, followed by successful total cavopulmonary conversion with right ventricular exclusion 5 years later. The combination of total cavopulmonary connection and right ventricular exclusion could be the ...
Omoigberale A I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Over 90% full term normal newborns are known to pass meconium (first stools) within the first 24 hrs of life especially among Caucasians. This has not been fully documented among African neonates. This study was therefore done to determine time of passage of first stools (meconium) in African neonates ...
Salihoğlu Ozgül - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate placental pathologies in malnourished term neonates. METHODS: A group of term newborns was evaluated at birth for fetal malnutrition (FM) using the Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status (CANS) score. The study group consisted of 37 malnourished neonates and 13 well-nourished ...
Woodward Amanda L - - 2009
The perception of others as intentional agents is fundamental to human experience and foundational to development. Recent research reveals that this cornerstone of social perception has its roots early in infancy, and that it draws structure from the universal, early emerging human experience of engaging in goal-directed action. Infants' own ...
Thompson Deanne K DK Neuroimaging and Neuroinformatics, Howard Florey Institute, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. - - 2009
Hippocampi are asymmetrical in children and adults, where the right hippocampus is larger. To date, no literature has confirmed that hippocampal asymmetry is evident at birth. Furthermore, gender differences have been observed in normal hippocampal asymmetry, but this has not been examined in neonates. Stress, injury, and lower IQ have ...
Roggero Paola - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that preterm infants' growth duplicates fetal growth rates and that body composition replicates in utero body composition. AIMS: To compare the total body fat mass between preterm infants assessed at term corrected age and full-term newborns, and to investigate the effects of ...
Kayed Nanna Sønnichsen NS Developmental Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491, Trondheim, Norway. - - 2009
Prospective control when catching moving toys was studied longitudinally in full-term and preterm infants between the ages of 22 and 48 weeks. The toy's distance and time to the catching place and its velocity were explored as possible timing strategies used by infants to start their hand movement. The aim ...
Asaka Yoko - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to identify the characteristics of sleep behaviors assessed from activity data among very low-birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants in comparison to full-term infants at the age of around 12 corrected months, due to the possibility that sleep behaviors of preterm infants may be ...
Grant-Beuttler Marybeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Differences in the gastrocnemius-soleus muscle and tendon have been documented shortly after birth in infants born preterm compared with infants born at term. Knowledge of muscle tendon unit lengths at term age to 12 weeks of age in infants born preterm may be useful in understanding motor ...
Siahanidou Tania - - 2009
To study circulating levels and distribution of adiponectin multimers [low molecular weight (LMW)-, medium molecular weight (MMW)- and high molecular weight (HMW)-adiponectin] in preterm and full-term infants. Total serum adiponectin and its multimers were measured in 40 healthy infants at the age of one month and associations with anthropometric parameters ...
Fusch C - - 2009
There are special challenges in implementing parenteral nutrition (PN) in paediatric patients, which arises from the wide range of patients, ranging from extremely premature infants up to teenagers weighing up to and over 100 kg, and their varying substrate requirements. Age and maturity-related changes of the metabolism and fluid and ...
Woodward Amanda L AL University of Maryland, College - - 2009
Perception of the social world in terms of agents and their intentional relations is fundamental to human experience. In this chapter, we review recent investigations into the origins of this fundamental ability that trace its roots to the first year of life. These studies show that infants represent others' actions ...
Grieve Philip G PG Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, - - 2008
The hypothesis is tested that electrocortical functional connectivity (quantified by coherence) of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, measured at term post-menstrual age, has regional differences from that of full term infants. 128 lead EEG data were collected during sleep from 8 ELBW infants with normal head ultrasound exams and ...
Haley David W - - 2008
Learning difficulties in preterm infants are thought to reflect impairment in arousal regulation. We examined relationships among gestational age, learning speed, and behavioral and physiological reactivity in 55 preterm and 49 full-term infants during baseline, contingency, and nonreinforcement phases of a conjugate mobile paradigm at 3 months corrected age. For ...
Spencer Edwin E EE - - 2008
The EndoButton technique of distal biceps tendon repair provides strong biomechanical fixation. This strength of fixation may allow earlier postoperative range of motion (ROM). A retrospective review of 15 male patients undergoing single incision EndoButton repairs was used. Six subjects participated in conventional supervised postoperative rehabilitation while nine subjects were ...
Razmus Ivy - - 2008
The science of pressure ulcer development in infants is underdeveloped. Although recent conceptual frameworks have been applied to younger populations, this article focuses on the unique attributes of full-term and preterm newborns that have an impact on pressure ulcer development. A proposed schema identifies the theoretical elements associated with pressure ...
Hoogstraate Sander R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Six term newborns presented with apnoea and temporal lobe haemorrhage. AIM: In this observational study, we described involvement of the limbic system in apnoeic term newborns with temporal lobe injury. METHODS: Six term newborns presented to the neonatal care unit with apnoea within the first 2 days of life. ...
Cartwright Julyan H E - - 2008
In the past few years we have unfortunately had several reminders of the ability of a particular type of ocean wave--a tsunami--to devastate coastal areas. The Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, in particular, was one of the largest natural disasters of past decades in terms of the number of people ...
Urban Elizabeth - - 2008
This paper concerns the self as Fordham came to conceive it after a conceptual analysis of Jung's use of the term. Fordham identified a contradiction in Jung's usage, and resolved it by reserving 'self' for a definition of the psychosomatic entirety of the individual, and using a separate term for ...
Schiariti V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Long-term outcomes of preterm infants have been extensively studied, but few studies have examined long-term outcomes of term infants who require neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Our objectives were to assess perinatal characteristics and health status of preschool age term babies using data from a population-based study of NICU ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >