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Results 101 - 150 of 637
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Fenger-Grøn Jesper - - 2011
The use of serotonine reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) is increasing among Danish pregnant women. This systematic review addresses the potential adverse effects on the foetus and child of maternal SRI medication. The literature indicates a slightly increased risk of cardiovascular malformations and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the new-born, while evidence regarding ...
Manape M M Goroka General Hospital, Papua New Guinea, Eastern Highlands - - 2011
Despite the increasing availability of antenatal care in Papua New Guinea (PNG), women continue to present for confinement without having previously attended antenatal clinic. In this brief report we present the findings of a five-year retrospective study conducted at Goroka General Hospital, Eastern Highlands Province, PNG. Mothers who had not ...
van Wermeskerken Margot - - 2011
Although 5-month-old infants select action modes that are adaptive to the size of the object (i.e., one- or two-handed reaching), it has largely remained unclear whether infants of this age control the ensuing movement to the size of the object (i.e., scaling of the aperture between hands). We examined 5-, ...
Marshall Peter J - - 2011
How do human children come to understand the actions of other people? What neural systems are associated with the processing of others' actions and how do these systems develop, starting in infancy? These questions span cognitive psychology and developmental cognitive neuroscience, and addressing them has important implications for the study ...
Perone Sammy - - 2011
Action is a fundamental component of object representations. However, little is known about how infants represent actions performed on objects. Across four experiments, we tested the hypothesis that at 10 months of age (N=80) infants represent the general ability of actions to produce outcomes (sounds). Experiments 1A and 1B showed ...
Dzukou Thierry - - 2011
Significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the preterm infant has been associated with pulmonary edema and impaired gas exchange. Therefore, surgical ligature of the DA may be required. However, the effects of intubation and mechanical ventilation on the PDA-induced lung dysfunction presently are unknown. The aim of the study was ...
Olson Janet - - 2011
ABSTRACTTwenty-four infants at 1 ; 1 and their mothers were videotaped for 18 minutes while playing. Infants' pointing, reaching and object-extending gestures were coded in three communicative intent contexts: proto-declarative, or commenting; proto-imperative, or requesting; and ambiguous. Mothers' responses to infants' gestures were coded as object labels, action labels, internal ...
Figueras-Aloy Josep - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of maternal chorioamnionitis on early exhaled nitric oxide (NO) and levels of nitrites-nitrates and interleukin (IL)-8 in endotracheal aspirate fluid in mechanically ventilated preterm neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PATIENT-SUBJECT SELECTION: Between September 2007 and August 2009, 54 mechanically ventilated preterm neonates were included. Patients ...
Siren Pontus Max Axel - - 2011
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of death in infants between the ages of 1 and 12 months in developed countries. SIDS is by definition a diagnosis of exclusion, and its mechanism of action is unknown. The SIDS-Critical Diaphragm Failure (CDF) hypothesis postulates that the cause of ...
Holt Roxane - - 2011
In the current study, the mechanisms of premature cervical ripening in murine models of preterm birth resulting from infection or early progesterone withdrawal were compared with the process of term cervical ripening. Tissue morphology, weight, gene expression, and collagen content along with immune cell populations were evaluated. Premature ripening induced ...
Hamlin J Kiley - - 2011
The current study replicates and extends the finding (Hamlin, Wynn & Bloom, 2007) that infants prefer individuals who act prosocially toward unrelated third parties over those who act antisocially. Using different stimuli from those used by Hamlin, Wynn & Bloom (2007), somewhat younger subjects, and 2 additional social scenarios, we ...
Armstrong Vickie - - 2011
In two experiments, we investigated 3-month-old infants' sensitivity to first- and second-order drifting gratings. In Experiment 1 we used forced-choice preferential looking with drifting versus stationary gratings to estimate depth modulation thresholds for 3-month-old infants and a similar task for a comparison group of adults. Thresholds for infants were more ...
Olofson Eric L - - 2011
We investigated infants' ability to recognize the similarity between observed and implied goals when actions differed in surface-level motion details. In two experiments, 10- to 12-month-olds were habituated to an actor manipulating an object and then shown test actions in which the actor contacted the object with a novel hand ...
Daum Moritz M - - 2011
In this study, 6-month-olds' perception of an object-related human grasping action was compared with their level of grasping performance using a within-participants design. In the action perception task, infants were presented with the video of an actor's grasping movement toward an occluded target object. Subsequently, an expected and an unexpected ...
Daum Moritz M MM Department of Psychology, Research Group "Infant Cognition and Action", Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1A, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. - - 2011
An eye tracking paradigm was used to investigate how infants' attention is modulated by observed goal-directed manual grasping actions. In Experiment 1, we presented 3-, 5-, and 7-month-old infants with a static picture of a grasping hand, followed by a target appearing at a location either congruent or incongruent with ...
Dewar Kathryn M - - 2010
Human cognition relies on the ability to extract generalizable knowledge from limited evidence. One type of inductive learning, overhypothesis formation, allows learners to make inferences that take them beyond the limits of direct experience, leading to the creation of abstract knowledge. The developmental roots of this ability have yet to ...
Doria Valentina V Institute of Clinical Sciences, Imperial College London, London W12 0HS, United - - 2010
The functions of the resting state networks (RSNs) revealed by functional MRI remain unclear, but it has seemed possible that networks emerge in parallel with the development of related cognitive functions. We tested the alternative hypothesis: that the full repertoire of resting state dynamics emerges during the period of rapid ...
Vlachos Dimitrios G - - 2010
To investigate erythrocyte membrane AChE, Na(+), K(+)-ATPase and Mg(2+)-ATPase activities in mothers and their full-term or premature newborns in relation to the mode of delivery. Blood was obtained from mothers pre- and post-delivery and the umbilical cord (CB) of their full-term newborns: Group A₁ (n = 16) born with vaginal ...
Liu Jing - - 2010
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is one of the most common causes of neonatal respiratory failure and neonatal death, however, its clinical characteristics are very different from premature RDS, and these characteristics have not been well documented as yet. This study was to investigate the pathogenesis, clinical characteristics and management strategies ...
Tołłoczko Justyna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The survival rate and quality of life of extremely low birthweight infants remain to be one of the main challenges of modern neonatology. Therefore, pre-term children born after 32 weeks of gestation with more normal birthweight, have become a relatively minor medical problem in comparison. OBJECTIVES: The aim of ...
Takala Timo I - - 2010
The goal of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of blood cell and iron status laboratory analytes in preterm and full-term infants during the first year of life. This was a prospective study of 100 preterm and 50 full-term infants. Preterm infants received iron supplementation beginning at 3 weeks ...
Osipoff Jennifer - - 2010
Pituitary hyperplasia is generally associated with end-organ failure such as primary hypothyroidism, physiological changes such as puberty and pregnancy, or neoplasms secreting releasing factors. We present a full-term infant with an enlarged pituitary height of 8 mm at age 3 days despite a normal endocrinological evaluation. Repeat imaging at 5 months of age ...
Fleischman Alan R - - 2010
Term birth (37-41 weeks of gestation) has previously been considered a homogeneous group to which risks associated with preterm (less than 37 weeks of gestation) and postterm births (42 weeks of gestation and beyond) are compared. An examination of the history behind the definition of term birth reveals that it ...
Wang Tien-Ni - - 2010
Pre-term infants are at high risk for motor disabilities. Postural control, the basis for motor development, develops rapidly during the first year of life. An early start to extra-uterine life with an immature motor system may influence a pre-term infant's postural control. To identify important prognostic factors and determine the ...
Montirosso Rosario - - 2010
Pre-term birth has a significant impact on infants' social and emotional competence, however, little is known about regulatory processes in pre-term mother-infant dyads during normal or stressful interactions. The primary goals of this study were to investigate the differences in infant and caregiver interactive behaviour and dyadic coordination of clinically ...
Filippi Luca - - 2010
To investigate whether topiramate associated with mild or deep hypothermia in asphyxiated term infants is safe in relation to the short-term outcome. We report on 27 consecutive asphyxiated newborns who were treated with whole body hypothermia and 27 additional consecutive newborns with hypothermia who were co-treated with oral topiramate, once ...
Bensley Jonathan G - - 2010
Pre-term birth affects 10-12% of live births and occurs when the myocardium is still developing; therefore, the final structure of the myocardium could be altered. We hypothesized that, in response to pre-term birth, structural remodelling occurs within the myocardium which enables the immature heart muscle to adapt to the haemodynamic ...
van den Akker Chris H P - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obviously, the ultimate goal in neonatology is to achieve a functional outcome in premature infants that is comparable to healthy term-born infants. As nutrition is one of the key factors for normal cell growth, providing the right amount and quality of nutrients could prove pivotal for normal ...
Yang Xiao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To devise some indicators for measuring and evaluating the neonatal cardiac reserve by using phonocardiogram test (PCGT). METHODS: Two hundred and thirty one (231) full term and one hundred and fifty four (154) preterm infants participated in this study. The amplitude ratio of the first heart sound to the ...
Smyser Christopher D - - 2010
Application of resting state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) to the study of prematurely born infants enables assessment of the earliest forms of cerebral connectivity and characterization of its early development in the human brain. We obtained 90 longitudinal fcMRI data sets from a cohort of preterm infants aged ...
Haley David W - - 2010
We examined the role of physiological regulation (heart rate, vagal tone, and salivary cortisol) in short-term memory in preterm and full-term 6-month-old infants. Using a deferred imitation task to evaluate social learning and memory recall, an experimenter modeled three novel behaviors (removing, shaking, and replacing a glove) on a puppet. ...
Matter Mohamed - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess myocardial performance of full-term infants with perinatal asphyxia using Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) and to correlate it with serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) concentrations. Twenty-five asphyxiated and 20 nonasphyxiated term infants were investigated. Serum cTnT concentrations were measured between 12 and 24 ...
LaPrairie Jamie L - - 2010
Over the last several decades, the relative contribution of early life events to individual disease susceptibility has been explored extensively. Only fairly recently, however, has it become evident that abnormal or excessive nociceptive activity experienced during the perinatal period may permanently alter the normal development of the CNS and influence ...
Peña Marcela - - 2010
We tested healthy preterm (born near 28 +/- 2 weeks of gestational age) and full-term infants at various different ages. We compared the two populations on the development of a language acquisition landmark, namely, the ability to distinguish the native language from a rhythmically similar one. This ability is attained ...
Strauss T - - 2010
Evaluation of clot formation in neonates is troublesome. Our aim was to investigate cord blood clot formation of pre-term versus full-term infants and adults, using rotating thromboelastogram (ROTEM), Pentafarm, Munich, Germany). ROTEM was investigated in cord blood of 184 full-term and 47 pre-term infants. Measurements of the clotting time (CT), ...
Campeotto F - - 2010
Newborns display high intestinal permeability and a naive adaptive immune system, but infections are rare, indicating strong innate defense mechanisms. To measure the kinetics of fecal β-defensin-2 (HBD2), an inducible endogenous antimicrobial peptide produced by intestinal epithelial cells, in full-term and preterm infants. As a first step of this bicentric ...
Teune Margreet J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many perinatal interventions are performed to improve long-term neonatal outcome. To evaluate the long-term effect of a perinatal intervention follow-up of the child after discharge from the hospital is necessary because serious sequelae from perinatal complications frequently manifest themselves only after several years. However, long-term follow-up is time-consuming, is ...
Aucott S W - - 2010
Both excess and insufficient levels of glucocorticoid in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants have been associated with adverse hospital outcomes, whereas excess glucocorticoid exposure has been associated with long-term adverse neurodevelopment. Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between neonatal cortisol concentrations and long-term outcomes of growth and neurodevelopment. ...
Raaschou-Nielsen O - - 2010
Long-term exposure to air pollution is suspected to cause recurrent wheeze in infants. The few previous studies have had ambiguous results. The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of measured long-term exposure to indoor air pollution on wheezing symptoms in infants. We monitored wheezing symptoms in diaries ...
Dusing Stacey C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants born preterm are at risk for developmental impairments related to postural control. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether infants born preterm and infants born at full term differed in postural control at 1 to 3 weeks after term age. DESIGN: This study included 17 ...
Bauer Jacqueline - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal data on resting energy expenditure (REE) in extremely immature infants and full-term neonates are scarce but are necessary to understand the energy requirements in neonatal nutrition during the first weeks of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to measure REE and its main components longitudinally ...
Anderson Ben - - 2009
Bacterial endocarditis complicated by the development of intra-cardiac thrombus presents a difficult management dilemma in the pre-term infant. Here we present our experience with three infants who had this condition, all of whom were successfully managed using therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-TPA). Therapy in one of the infants ...
Luo Hong-Ji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treadmill training in supported stepping has been used as part of rehabilitation programs for children with neurodevelopmental problems to facilitate earlier onset of walking. However, information concerning the developmental continuity between supported stepping and walking is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to longitudinally examine supported stepping ...
Maggio Luca - - 2009
The use of HMF remains an important option and has become common practice in all neonatal intensive care units. However, optimal composition of fortifiers is still undefined and more data are needed on safety and long-term benefits. Further research should be directed toward comparisons between different proprietary preparations, evaluating both ...
Janssens A - - 2009
AIM: To compare the prevalence of psychopathology in infants born preterm with matched full-term infants at the corrected age of 1 year. METHODS: Between June 2003 and April 2005, a case-control longitudinal cohort study was conducted at the neonatal unit of the University Hospital of Antwerp, Belgium. We prospectively enrolled ...
Hsiao Chien-Chou - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentations and survival patterns of infants with trisomy 18 have changed with increasing utilization of prenatal ultrasound and amniocentesis, and improvements in neonatal intensive care. METHODS: We obtained data on duration of survival, male to female ratio, and clinical details for patients with trisomy 18, and calculated ...
Yoshida Tomohide - - 2009
Adiponectin consists of three subspecies (high-, middle- and low-molecular weight adiponectin). Among these, high-molecular weight adiponectin (H-adn) is suggested to be an active form of this protein. To assess the relationship between H-adn and postnatal growth in preterm infants (PIs), serum H-adn and total adiponectin (T-adn) were measured in 46 ...
Kent Alison L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Extreme prematurity exposes the neonate to a number of potential renal insults that may result in a reduced number of glomeruli and/or renal size. This may predispose these individuals to cardiovascular disease later in life. The objective was to determine using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) whether extreme prematurity results ...
Heininger Ulrich - - 2009
We measured IgG-anti-pertussis toxin and -IgG-anti-filamentous hemagglutinin antibody values in 43 full term and 34 preterm infants and 79 mothers. Antibody values were generally low and mean values were higher in full term than preterm infants. Transfer ratios increased with gestational age of the newborns. Based on these findings, maternal ...
Takizawa Koki - - 2009
We report a long-term survivor with Uhl's anomaly who underwent one and a half ventricle repair combined with a partial right ventriculectomy in infancy, followed by successful total cavopulmonary conversion with right ventricular exclusion 5 years later. The combination of total cavopulmonary connection and right ventricular exclusion could be the ...
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