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Libertus Klaus K Center for Autism and Related Disorders, Kennedy Krieger Institute & Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA. - - 2013
Looking and reaching preferences for different-sized objects were examined in 4-5- and 5-6-month-old infants. Infants were presented with pairs of different sized cylinders and preferences were analyzed by age and reaching status. Outcome variables included looking and touching time for each object, first look, and first touch. Significant three-way interactions ...
Stone Sarah Ahlander - - 2013
This study examined linkages between 6-month-old infants' (n=101) orienting response, measured physiologically by brief bradycardia or heart deceleration at the onset of a frustration task (maternal arm-restraint) and mother-infant co-regulation measured during a 15-min unstructured free play episode. Given the socially disruptive nature of the frustration task, we suspected that ...
Möhring Wenke - - 2013
In this study, 6-month-olds' ability to mentally rotate objects was investigated using the violation-of-expectation paradigm. Forty infants watched an asymmetric object being moved straight down behind an occluder. When the occluder was lowered, it revealed the original object (possible) or its mirror image (impossible) in one of five orientations. Whereas ...
Bosworth Rain G RG Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0109, USA. - - 2013
In order to investigate the effects of visual experience on early visual development, the current study compared contrast sensitivity across infants born with different degrees of moderate-to-late prematurity. Here the logic is that at any given postterm age, the most premature infants will have the oldest postnatal age. Given that ...
Johansson Margareta - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to describe and explore fathers' experiences of their partner's caesarean section birth. DESIGN: a qualitative descriptive design was employed. A self-selected sample of 22 Swedish fathers who had experienced an elective or emergency caesarean section agreed to participate. Men were interviewed by telephone seven to 16 months after the ...
Yang Dahe Jessica - - 2013
We examined infants' ability to generalize effective actions in an imitation task. In Experiment 1, 15-month-olds imitated effective and ineffective actions on two similarly designed toys. They were then shown a third toy of the same design with both actions available. Children reliably touched and manipulated the effective action handle ...
Golle Jessika - - 2013
Infant faces are very salient stimuli. The Kindchenschema describes specific features that characterize a cute infant face. In this study we used a visual adaptation paradigm to investigate the universality of the perceptual properties of the Kindchenschema. In Experiment 1, twenty-four participants adapted to cute and less cute human infant ...
Henderson Annette M E - - 2013
Collaborative activities in which individuals coordinate their actions to attain a common goal play a fundamental role in our everyday lives. Evidence suggests that infants engage in collaborative activities before their first birthday, however little is known about infants' understanding of collaborative action. Using a visual habituation paradigm, this research ...
Heringhaus Alina - - 2013
The aim of this study is to describe the experiences of becoming a parent to a child with birth asphyxia treated with hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). In line with the medical advances, the survival of critically ill infants with increased risk of morbidity is increasing. Children ...
Puia Denise - - 2013
: The cesarean birth rate has increased dramatically over the past 10 years. With such a large number of women having a cesarean birth, it is important to understand the woman's experience of a cesarean birth and postoperative recovery. A meta-synthesis was conducted to allow for a deeper interpretation of ...
Oder Austin L - - 2013
The dense representation of trigeminal mechanosensitive afferents in the lip vermilion, anterior tongue, intraoral mucosa, and temporomandibular joint allows the infant's orofacial system to encode a wide range of somatosensory experiences during the critical period associated with feed development. Our understanding of how this complex sensorium processes texture is very ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2013
Experiences with one's own infant attune the parent nervous system to infant stimuli. To explore the effects of motherhood on brain activity patterns, electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded while primipara mothers of 3- and 6-month-olds viewed images of faces of their own child and an unfamiliar but appearance-matched child. Mothers of ...
Nilsson Lena - - 2013
Objectives. The objective of this study was to describe first-time mothers' experiences and reflections of their first birth. Study Design. This study is a part of a larger study which was carried out in southwestern Sweden in 2008. A qualitative method with content analysis was chosen for this study. The ...
Kanazawa So - - 2013
We investigated illusory motion perception in 6-to-8-month-old infants using a static figure which produces strong illusory motion. In experiment 1 we prepared a control figure, which was physically similar to the illusory motion figure but which did not produce illusory motion. We presented the illusory figure and the control figure ...
Bulf Hermann H Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, - - 2013
Recent studies have shown that infants' face recognition rests on a robust face representation that is resilient to a variety of facial transformations such as rotations in depth, motion, occlusion or deprivation of inner/outer features. Here, we investigated whether 3-month-old infants' ability to represent the invariant aspects of a face ...
Ebihara Kiyoshi - - 2013
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1017/jns.2013.5.][This corrects the article DOI: 10.1017/jns.2013.6.].
Porrett Liesel - - 2012
Introduction: The benefits to women of having their male partners present during labor and birth have been well documented, but the effects on men of sharing the birth experience have been less well explored. Several studies have suggested that male partners' positive experiences at this time may benefit partner and ...
Hildingsson Ingegerd - - 2013
An instrumental vaginal birth is known to affect women's birth experience, few studies have explored the fathers' experiences of attending such a birth. The aim of this study is to compare birth outcome and parents' feelings in parents with instrumental vaginal birth or a spontaneous vaginal birth. A regional survey ...
Lau Bonnie K BK Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, 1417 NE 42nd Street, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA. - - 2012
A hallmark of complex pitch perception is that the pitch of a harmonic complex is the same whether or not the fundamental frequency is present. By 7 months, infants appear to discriminate on the basis of the pitch of the missing fundamental (MF). Although electrophysiological cortical responses to MF pitch ...
Biro Szilvia - - 2012
In two experiments, we recorded infants' eye movements to test whether the efficiency of the action influences infants' ability to anticipate the outcome of an ongoing action performed by abstract figures. In Experiment 1, we found that predictive eye movements were elicited by both nonefficient and efficient actions, but anticipation ...
Lupton Deborah - - 2012
Little sociological research has focused specifically on the moment of birth. In this article we draw upon interview data with women who had very recently given birth for the first time to explore the ways in which they described both their own embodiment and that of their infants at this ...
Woods Rebecca J RJ Department of Human Development and Family Science, North Dakota State University, Department 2615, P.O. Box 6050, Fargo, ND 58108, USA. - - 2013
A hierarchical progression in infants' ability to use surface features, such as color, as a basis for object individuation in the first year has been well established (Tremoulet, Leslie, & Hall, 2000; Wilcox, 1999). There is evidence, however, that infants' sensitivity to surface features can be increased through multisensory (i.e., ...
Johnston R G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: anxiety during pregnancy and childbirth can increase risk of complications and interventions for both mother and infant. Although considerable work has explored fear of childbirth and anxiety during labour and subsequent birth outcomes there has been less consideration of the role of more stable maternal personality upon childbirth. Traits ...
Tochigi Mamoru - - 2012
A number of studies have investigated seasonality of birth in schizophrenia. Most of the studies have consistently observed an excess of winter births, often associated with decreased summer births. We postulated that psychotic-like experiences (PLEs), subclinical hallucinatory and delusional experiences, may also be affected by birth season. In the present ...
Fawcett Christine - - 2012
Across two experiments, we examined the relationship between 18-month-old infants' mimicry and social behavior - particularly invitations to play with an adult play partner. In Experiment 1, we manipulated whether an adult mimicked the infant's play or not during an initial play phase. We found that infants who had been ...
Devouche Emmanuel - - 2012
This study presents an ecological experiment investigating 6-month-olds' social engagement. Results show that infants look and smile more at a socially attending distant partner than at an inattentive partner and that their looking and smiling behavior is different when the inattentive partner is their mother.
Pons Ferran - - 2012
The present study explored the effects of short-term experience with audiovisual asynchronous stimuli in 6-month-old infants. Results revealed that, in contrast with adults (usually showing temporal recalibration under similar circumstances), a brief exposure to asynchrony increased infants' perceptual sensitivity to audiovisual synchrony.
Gonzalez-Gomez Nayeli - - 2012
Previous work has shown that preterm infants are at higher risk for cognitive/language delays than full-term infants. Recent studies, focusing on prosody (i.e. rhythm, intonation), have suggested that prosodic perception development in preterms is indexed by maturational rather than postnatal/listening age. However, because prosody is heard in-utero, and preterms thus ...
Sakellaris George - - 2012
This report describes our experience concerning gastrointestinal perforation due to necrotizing enterocolitis during a 10-year period. The cases of 27 gastrointestinal perforations, which were treated in our hospital, were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were neonates and infants up to the age of 2 months. The study population consisted of 16 ...
Smith Paige Hall - - 2012
Teen mothers face many challenges to successful breastfeeding and are less likely to breastfeed than any other population group in the U.S. Few studies have investigated this population; all prior studies are cross-sectional and collect breastfeeding data retrospectively. The purpose of our qualitative prospective study was to understand the ...
Cook Katie - - 2012
Women's choice and control impact birthing experiences. This study used a qualitative, descriptive approach to explore how women develop their initial birth plan and how changes made to the plan affect overall birth experiences. Narrative, semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 women who had given birth in Waterloo Region, Ontario, ...
Freeze Eric - - 2012
This column is a literary, personal essay about the author's spouse and her experience with unassisted birth.
Romberg Alexa R - - 2012
Across the first few years of life, infants readily extract many kinds of regularities from their environment, and this ability is thought to be central to development in a number of domains. Numerous studies have documented infants' ability to recognize deterministic sequential patterns. However, little is known about the processes ...
Fenger-Grøn Jesper - - 2011
The use of serotonine reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) is increasing among Danish pregnant women. This systematic review addresses the potential adverse effects on the foetus and child of maternal SRI medication. The literature indicates a slightly increased risk of cardiovascular malformations and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the new-born, while evidence regarding ...
Manape M M Goroka General Hospital, Papua New Guinea, Eastern Highlands - - 2011
Despite the increasing availability of antenatal care in Papua New Guinea (PNG), women continue to present for confinement without having previously attended antenatal clinic. In this brief report we present the findings of a five-year retrospective study conducted at Goroka General Hospital, Eastern Highlands Province, PNG. Mothers who had not ...
van Wermeskerken Margot - - 2011
Although 5-month-old infants select action modes that are adaptive to the size of the object (i.e., one- or two-handed reaching), it has largely remained unclear whether infants of this age control the ensuing movement to the size of the object (i.e., scaling of the aperture between hands). We examined 5-, ...
Marshall Peter J - - 2011
How do human children come to understand the actions of other people? What neural systems are associated with the processing of others' actions and how do these systems develop, starting in infancy? These questions span cognitive psychology and developmental cognitive neuroscience, and addressing them has important implications for the study ...
Perone Sammy S University of Iowa, IA, - - 2011
Action is a fundamental component of object representations. However, little is known about how infants represent actions performed on objects. Across four experiments, we tested the hypothesis that at 10 months of age (N=80) infants represent the general ability of actions to produce outcomes (sounds). Experiments 1A and 1B showed ...
Dzukou Thierry - - 2011
Significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the preterm infant has been associated with pulmonary edema and impaired gas exchange. Therefore, surgical ligature of the DA may be required. However, the effects of intubation and mechanical ventilation on the PDA-induced lung dysfunction presently are unknown. The aim of the study was ...
Olson Janet - - 2011
ABSTRACTTwenty-four infants at 1 ; 1 and their mothers were videotaped for 18 minutes while playing. Infants' pointing, reaching and object-extending gestures were coded in three communicative intent contexts: proto-declarative, or commenting; proto-imperative, or requesting; and ambiguous. Mothers' responses to infants' gestures were coded as object labels, action labels, internal ...
Figueras-Aloy Josep - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of maternal chorioamnionitis on early exhaled nitric oxide (NO) and levels of nitrites-nitrates and interleukin (IL)-8 in endotracheal aspirate fluid in mechanically ventilated preterm neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PATIENT-SUBJECT SELECTION: Between September 2007 and August 2009, 54 mechanically ventilated preterm neonates were included. Patients ...
Siren Pontus Max Axel - - 2011
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of death in infants between the ages of 1 and 12 months in developed countries. SIDS is by definition a diagnosis of exclusion, and its mechanism of action is unknown. The SIDS-Critical Diaphragm Failure (CDF) hypothesis postulates that the cause of ...
Holt Roxane - - 2011
In the current study, the mechanisms of premature cervical ripening in murine models of preterm birth resulting from infection or early progesterone withdrawal were compared with the process of term cervical ripening. Tissue morphology, weight, gene expression, and collagen content along with immune cell populations were evaluated. Premature ripening induced ...
Hamlin J Kiley - - 2011
The current study replicates and extends the finding (Hamlin, Wynn & Bloom, 2007) that infants prefer individuals who act prosocially toward unrelated third parties over those who act antisocially. Using different stimuli from those used by Hamlin, Wynn & Bloom (2007), somewhat younger subjects, and 2 additional social scenarios, we ...
Armstrong Vickie - - 2011
In two experiments, we investigated 3-month-old infants' sensitivity to first- and second-order drifting gratings. In Experiment 1 we used forced-choice preferential looking with drifting versus stationary gratings to estimate depth modulation thresholds for 3-month-old infants and a similar task for a comparison group of adults. Thresholds for infants were more ...
Olofson Eric L - - 2011
We investigated infants' ability to recognize the similarity between observed and implied goals when actions differed in surface-level motion details. In two experiments, 10- to 12-month-olds were habituated to an actor manipulating an object and then shown test actions in which the actor contacted the object with a novel hand ...
Daum Moritz M - - 2011
In this study, 6-month-olds' perception of an object-related human grasping action was compared with their level of grasping performance using a within-participants design. In the action perception task, infants were presented with the video of an actor's grasping movement toward an occluded target object. Subsequently, an expected and an unexpected ...
Daum Moritz M MM Department of Psychology, Research Group "Infant Cognition and Action", Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1A, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. - - 2011
An eye tracking paradigm was used to investigate how infants' attention is modulated by observed goal-directed manual grasping actions. In Experiment 1, we presented 3-, 5-, and 7-month-old infants with a static picture of a grasping hand, followed by a target appearing at a location either congruent or incongruent with ...
Dewar Kathryn M - - 2010
Human cognition relies on the ability to extract generalizable knowledge from limited evidence. One type of inductive learning, overhypothesis formation, allows learners to make inferences that take them beyond the limits of direct experience, leading to the creation of abstract knowledge. The developmental roots of this ability have yet to ...
Doria Valentina V Institute of Clinical Sciences, Imperial College London, London W12 0HS, United - - 2010
The functions of the resting state networks (RSNs) revealed by functional MRI remain unclear, but it has seemed possible that networks emerge in parallel with the development of related cognitive functions. We tested the alternative hypothesis: that the full repertoire of resting state dynamics emerges during the period of rapid ...
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