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Stahl Aimee E AE Johns Hopkins - - 2014
Two experiments investigated whether infants can use their rich social knowledge to bind representations of individual objects into larger social units, thereby overcoming the three-item limit of working memory. In Experiment 1, 16-month-olds (n = 32) remembered up to four hidden dolls when the dolls had faced and interacted with each other ...
Otsuka Yumiko - - 2014
The current study examined the temporal dynamics of coarse and fine spatial information processing in 7- to 8-month-old infants. The ability to discriminate between spatially filtered images was assessed by measuring infants' spontaneous preference for a changing over no-changing image sequences. In Experiments 1 and 2, we found that infants ...
Chadwick Rachelle J RJ Women's Health Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Falmouth Building, Medical Campus, University of Cape Town, Observatory 7925, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
to explore the factors associated with negative birth experiences in South African public maternity settings from the perspective of women's birth narratives. an explorative, qualitative research study using a narrative methodological framework and unstructured interviewing. the city of Cape Town in South Africa. 33 low-income women aged 18-42 years who ...
Johnson Elizabeth K EK Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Past research has shown that English learners begin segmenting words from speech by 7.5 months of age. However, more recent research has begun to show that, in some situations, infants may exhibit rudimentary segmentation capabilities at an earlier age. Here, we report on four perceptual experiments and a corpus analysis ...
Pinsky Ellen E Faculty of the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and - - 2014
The author narrates her experience of mourning her therapist's sudden death. The profession has neglected implications of the analyst's mortality: what is lost or vulnerable to loss? What is that vulnerability's function? The author's process of mourning included her writing and her becoming an analyst. Both pursuits inspired reflections on ...
Declercq Eugene R - - 2014
To understand the experiences and views of childbearing women in the United States and trends over time, Childbirth Connection carried out the third national Listening to Mothers survey among 2,400 women who gave birth in U.S. hospitals to a single baby from mid-2011 to mid-2012 and could participate in English. ...
Falck Andreas A Department of Psychology, Lund University Lund, - - 2014
In the debate about how to interpret Violation-of-Expectation (VoE) based false-belief experiments, it has been suggested that infants are predicting the actions of the agent based on more or less sophisticated cognitive means. We present an alternative, more parsimonious interpretation, exploring the possibility that the infants' reactions are not governed ...
Burns Monica P MP Department of Psychology, University of Washington Seattle, WA, - - 2014
By 15 months of age infants are sensitive to violations of fairness norms as assessed via their enhanced visual attention to unfair versus fair outcomes in violation-of-expectation paradigms. The current study investigated whether 15-month-old infants select social partners on the basis of prior fair versus unfair behavior, and whether infants ...
Simpson Elizabeth A EA Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, , Parma 43215, - - 2014
There is strong evidence that neonates imitate previously unseen behaviours. These behaviours are predominantly used in social interactions, demonstrating neonates' ability and motivation to engage with others. Research on neonatal imitation can provide a wealth of information about the early mirror neuron system (MNS), namely its functional characteristics, its plasticity ...
Hunnius Sabine S Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, , Montessorilaan 3, Nijmegen 6500 HE Nijmegen, The - - 2014
From early in life, infants watch other people's actions. How do young infants come to make sense of actions they observe? Here, we review empirical findings on the development of action understanding in infancy. Based on this review, we argue that active action experience is crucial for infants' developing action ...
Nichols Tracy R - - 2014
The aim of this study was to understand adolescent mothers' childbirth experiences. Semistructured interviews were conducted with participants recruited from a community-based program for adolescent mothers. Fourteen mothers described their birth experiences. Using a narrative analytic approach, responses were reconstructed into birth stories. Stories, condensed into poetic form, were compared ...
Ichikawa Hiroko - - 2014
Facial movement facilitates the recognition of facial expressions. While an intense expression is expressive enough to be recognized in a still image, a subtle expression can be recognized only in motion (Ambadar, Schooler, & Cohn, 2005, Psychological Science, 16, 403-410). The present study investigated whether infants recognize a subtle expression, ...
Stroppa Sheila de Carvalho Sde C Pediatric Dentistry, Positivo University, Curitiba, PR, - - 2014
To report a rare case of a lateral frenum hypertrophy in an infant, this paper describes the case of a girl who came to a first dental appointment when she was 4 months old. A hypertrophic lateral frenum in the upper left canine region was detected. A great depression in ...
Grech Victor V Department of Paediatrics, Mater Dei Hospital, Malta. - - 2014
Introduction: The male:female ratio at birth (male births divided by total live births - M/T) has been shown to increase in response to ionizing radiation due to gender-biased fetal loss, with excess female loss. M/T rose sharply in 1987 in central-eastern European countries following the Chernobyl accident in 1986. This ...
Nlend Anne Esther Njom AE National Social Insurance Fund Hospital, Department of Pediatrics ; Association Camerounaise d'Aide aux Personnes et Familles Affectées par le - - 2014
The objective is to describe the trends of infant feedings choices in HIV context after infant feeding counseling. Descriptive retrospective study: Infant feeding counseling (IFC) sessions were offered to HIV pregnant women by the same team of counselors from April 2008 to December 2012. Counseling content was promoting either exclusive ...
Hsu Chyong-Hsin CH Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
There is limited epidemiological data on the seasonality of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in subtropical climates, such as in Taiwan. This study aimed to assess RSV seasonality among children ≤24 months of age in Taiwan. We also assessed factors (gestational age [GA], chronologic age [CA], and bronchopulmonary dysplasia [BPD]) ...
Shah Punit P Department of Psychology, City University, London EC1R OJD, UK; Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre (MRC), Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, SE5 8AF, - - 2013
Newborn infants exhibit a remarkable tendency to orient to faces. This behavior is thought to be mediated by a subcortical mechanism tuned to the protoface stimulus: a face-like configuration comprising three dark areas on a lighter background. When this unique stimulus translates across their visual field, neurotypical infants will change ...
van Reenen Samantha - - 2013
Abstract In this study, researchers explored mothers' coping strategies in dealing with birth by unplanned Caesarean section. Mothers' experiences of a traumatic birth could be influenced by perceived strengths when coping with the stress related to the incident. Coping strategies could result in reassessment of the birth process and be associated ...
Crowther Susan S AUT University, New - - 2013
This paper focuses on the experience of sacred space at the moment of birth. Through the stories of those present, a powerful and vulnerable space is revealed, where something magical and deeply tender emerges, creating feelings of connection and transformative new possibilities. Sacred space is a revered and honoured space ...
Astor James - - 2013
In this interview with Warren Colman, James Astor speaks about his development as a Jungian analyst from his own experience of personal analysis in the 1960s to his recent retirement from clinical practice. The discussion covers his long association with Michael Fordham, the child analytic training at the SAP, the ...
Skerry Amy E AE Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA - - 2013
Do infants learn to interpret others' actions through their own experience producing goal-directed action, or does some knowledge of others' actions precede first-person experience? Several studies report that motor experience enhances action understanding, but the nature of this effect is not well understood. The present research investigates what is learned ...
Flacking Renée - - 2013
Becoming a parent of a preterm baby requiring neonatal care constitutes an extraordinary life situation in which parenting begins and evolves in a medical and unfamiliar setting. Although there is increasing emphasis within maternity and neonatal care on the influence of place and space upon the experiences of staff and ...
Harvey Kayla A - - 2013
Experiences of mothers of infants undergoing complex heart surgery were explored to build evidence-based family-centered interventions. Congenital heart disease is the most frequent birth defect in the United States and is common worldwide. Eight mothers recalled through journal entries their experiences of the days before, during, and after their infant's ...
Bornemark Jonna - - 2013
In phenomenology, theories of empathy are intimately connected with the question of how it is possible to have insight into the mind of the other person. In this article, the author wants to show why it is self-evident for us that the other person is having experiences. In order to ...
Cottrell Barbara H - - 2013
To explore the perinatal experiences of African American women in Florida for obtaining information about breastfeeding and also their breastfeeding experiences. This qualitative study utilized convenience sampling of 253 African American women 18 to 35 years old in three Florida counties. Data were derived from the Healthy Futures Perinatal Research ...
Burnham Natasha - - 2013
Purpose: To identify what parents need to feel ready for the discharge of their infant from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Design: Qualitative.Sample: 20 parents of infants admitted to a Canadian Level III NI CU were interviewed (2011-2012) and asked to identify what they require to feel ready for discharge. ...
Tooten Anneke A International Victimology Institute Tilburg, Tilburg University, The - - 2013
Parents experience a lot of positive and negative feelings and emotions after birth. The main purpose of this study was to compare perceptions and experiences of mothers and fathers with term, moderately and very preterm infants. We included 202 infants with both parents, divided into three groups: 1) term infants ...
Lewis Charlie - - 2013
Schilbach et al.'s model assumes that the ability to "experience" minds is already present in human infants and therefore falls foul of the very intellectualist problems it attempts to avoid. We propose an alternative relational, action-based account, which attempts to grasp how the individual's construction of knowledge develops within interactions.
Zamanzadeh Vahid - - 2013
This study examined mothers' experiences of the preparation of their infants for discharge in the Iranian neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) culture. Participants included 16 mothers who had preterm infants who were hospitalized in Iranian NICUs. A qualitative study was used to describe mothers' experiences of infant discharge from the ...
Banerjee Sunayana B SB Department of Biology, Emory University, 1510 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, United - - 2013
Much of the literature on maternal behavior has focused on the role of infant experience and hormones in a canonical subcortical circuit for maternal motivation and maternal memory. Although early studies demonstrated that the cerebral cortex also plays a significant role in maternal behaviors, little has been done to explore ...
Plantinga Judy - - 2013
The origin of the Western preference for consonance remains unresolved, with some suggesting that the preference is innate. In Experiments 1 and 2 of the present study, 6-month-old infants heard six different consonant/dissonant pairs of stimuli, including those tested in previous research. In contrast to the findings of others, infants ...
Zieber Nicole - - 2013
Adults recognize emotions conveyed by bodies with comparable accuracy to facial emotions. However, no prior study has explored infants' perception of body emotions. In Experiment 1, 6.5-month-olds (n = 32) preferred happy over neutral actions of actors with covered faces in upright but not inverted silent videos. In Experiment 2, infants (n = 32) ...
Reid Esther W - - 2013
to explore women's perceptions and experiences of pregnancy and childbirth following birth of a macrosomic infant (birth weight ≥4000g). a qualitative design utilising interviews conducted 13-19 weeks post partum in women's homes. The study was conducted in one Health and Social Care Trust in Northern Ireland between January and September ...
Bicking Kinsey Cara C School of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, 600 Centerview Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether a history of miscarriage is related to birth experience and/or maternal fear of an adverse birth outcome for self or infant during a subsequent delivery. Secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study, the First Baby Study. Women age 18 to 35 who were expecting to deliver their ...
Sato Kazuki - - 2013
Recently, Masuda et al. (submitted for publication) showed that adults perceive moving rigid or nonrigid motion from illusory contour with neon color spreading in which the inducer has pendular motion with or without phase difference. In Experiment 1, we used the preferential looking method to investigate whether 3-8-month-old infants can ...
Kovack-Lesh Kristine A - - 2013
We assessed the eye-movements of 4-month-old infants (N = 38) as they visually inspected pairs of images of cats or dogs. In general, infants who had previous experience with pets exhibited more sophisticated inspection than did infants without pet experience, both directing more visual attention to the informative head regions ...
Frie Roger - - 2013
This article considers the interaction between psychoanalysis and philosophy by examining the meaning of human finitude in the work of Freud and Heidegger. Although Freud and Heidegger develop radically different systems of thought, they are surprisingly close in their examination of the human attitude toward death. Freud's philosophical reflections on ...
Dahl Audun - - 2013
Human infants with little or no crawling experience surprisingly show no wariness of heights, but such wariness becomes exceptionally strong over the life span. Neither depth perception nor falling experiences explain this extraordinary developmental shift; however, something about locomotor experience does. The crucial component of locomotor experience in this emotional ...
Cizmeci Mehmet N - - 2013
Airway management is one of the key aspects of neonatal anesthesia and an oropharyngeal airway (OPA) is used in daily intensive care practice to relieve upper airway obstruction. A myriad of congenital malformations have features that might cause a difficult airway management and cleft palate is among these conditions. Herein, ...
Frick Andrea - - 2013
Infants' ability to mentally track the orientation of an object during a hidden rotation was investigated (N = 28 in each experiment). A toy on a turntable was fully covered and then rotated 90°. When revealed, the toy had turned with the turntable (probable event), remained at its starting orientation (improbable event ...
Gerson Sarah A - - 2013
Prior research suggests that infants' action production affects their action understanding, but little is known about the aspects of motor experience that render these effects. In Study 1, the relative contributions of self-produced (n = 30) and observational (n = 30) action experience on 3-month-old infants' action understanding was assessed using a visual habituation ...
Finnis John - - 2013
This paper identifies and contests the thesis it takes to be the central premise of Giubilini and Minerva, 'Why should the baby live?', namely that rights, subjecthood and personhood have as a necessary condition that the undergoing of a harm be experienced. That thesis entails the repugnant or absurd conclusion ...
Hurst Nancy - - 2013
Background:Mothers of very preterm infants continue to face challenges related to providing their expressed breast milk in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Objective:This qualitative study sought to understand the experience of mothers of hospitalized very preterm infants related to their daily pumping routine during the NICU stay.Methods:Fourteen women who were ...
Khanna Surbhi - - 2013
People who have near-death experiences often report a subsequently increased sense of spirituality and a connection with their inner self and the world around them. In this study, we examined spiritual well-being, using Paloutzian and Ellison's Spiritual Well-Being Scale, among 224 persons who had come close to death. Participants who ...
Kavšek Michael - - 2013
In this short-term longitudinal study, infants were examined for their natural preference of a square defined by crossed horizontal disparity (either 1° or 0.5°) over a square defined by a vertical disparity (either 1° or 0.5°). The square targets were embedded in a dynamic random dot stereogram. The stimuli were ...
Ciccone Albert - - 2013
This article deals with the importance of rhythm in infants' experiences, underscoring its function in relation to sense of being and the continuity of that sense. Although some discontinuity is inevitable, and indeed necessary for development, it can expose infants to chaotic experiences if there is no underlying rhythmicity. Observations ...
Edmunds Janet Elizabeth - - 2013
Background:Tongue-tie or ankyloglossia is a congenital condition that negatively affects breastfeeding. The thickened, tightened, or shortened frenulum affects the infant's ability to suck and frequently results in sore and painful nipples. Although several studies have investigated outcomes associated with treatment of tongue-tie, none have investigated mothers' experiences of breastfeeding an ...
Crowther Susan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Those at the birth of a baby sometimes speak of the experience as significant and meaningful; an experience in which there is an atmosphere or mood that surrounds the occasion. This paper explores this mood, its recognition, disclosure and how we attune or not to it. The paper is ...
Scott Rose M RM School of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Arts, University of California, Merced, CA 95343, USA. - - 2013
Recent experiments have suggested that infants' expectations about the actions of agents are guided by a principle of rationality: In particular, infants expect agents to pursue their goals efficiently, expending as little effort as possible. However, these experiments have all presented infants with infrequent or odd actions, which leaves the ...
Byrom Anna - - 2013
Breastfeeding is increasingly equated to ideologies of the 'good mother' in our society in response to a growing body of evidence identifying its benefits. Women who choose not to or are unable to breastfeed can experience a sense of guilt in response to cultural expectations that 'breast is best'. These ...
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