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Burnham Natasha - - 2013
Purpose: To identify what parents need to feel ready for the discharge of their infant from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Design: Qualitative.Sample: 20 parents of infants admitted to a Canadian Level III NI CU were interviewed (2011-2012) and asked to identify what they require to feel ready for discharge. ...
Tooten Anneke A International Victimology Institute Tilburg, Tilburg University, The - - 2013
Parents experience a lot of positive and negative feelings and emotions after birth. The main purpose of this study was to compare perceptions and experiences of mothers and fathers with term, moderately and very preterm infants. We included 202 infants with both parents, divided into three groups: 1) term infants ...
Lewis Charlie - - 2013
Schilbach et al.'s model assumes that the ability to "experience" minds is already present in human infants and therefore falls foul of the very intellectualist problems it attempts to avoid. We propose an alternative relational, action-based account, which attempts to grasp how the individual's construction of knowledge develops within interactions.
Zamanzadeh Vahid - - 2013
This study examined mothers' experiences of the preparation of their infants for discharge in the Iranian neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) culture. Participants included 16 mothers who had preterm infants who were hospitalized in Iranian NICUs. A qualitative study was used to describe mothers' experiences of infant discharge from the ...
Banerjee Sunayana B - - 2013
Much of the literature on maternal behavior has focused on the role of infant experience and hormones in a canonical subcortical circuit for maternal motivation and maternal memory. Although early studies demonstrated that the cerebral cortex also plays a significant role in maternal behaviors, little has been done to explore ...
Plantinga Judy - - 2013
The origin of the Western preference for consonance remains unresolved, with some suggesting that the preference is innate. In Experiments 1 and 2 of the present study, 6-month-old infants heard six different consonant/dissonant pairs of stimuli, including those tested in previous research. In contrast to the findings of others, infants ...
Zieber Nicole - - 2013
Adults recognize emotions conveyed by bodies with comparable accuracy to facial emotions. However, no prior study has explored infants' perception of body emotions. In Experiment 1, 6.5-month-olds (n = 32) preferred happy over neutral actions of actors with covered faces in upright but not inverted silent videos. In Experiment 2, infants (n = 32) ...
Reid Esther W - - 2013
to explore women's perceptions and experiences of pregnancy and childbirth following birth of a macrosomic infant (birth weight ≥4000g). a qualitative design utilising interviews conducted 13-19 weeks post partum in women's homes. The study was conducted in one Health and Social Care Trust in Northern Ireland between January and September ...
Bicking Kinsey Cara C School of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, 600 Centerview Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether a history of miscarriage is related to birth experience and/or maternal fear of an adverse birth outcome for self or infant during a subsequent delivery. Secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study, the First Baby Study. Women age 18 to 35 who were expecting to deliver their ...
Sato Kazuki - - 2013
Recently, Masuda et al. (submitted for publication) showed that adults perceive moving rigid or nonrigid motion from illusory contour with neon color spreading in which the inducer has pendular motion with or without phase difference. In Experiment 1, we used the preferential looking method to investigate whether 3-8-month-old infants can ...
Kovack-Lesh Kristine A - - 2013
We assessed the eye-movements of 4-month-old infants (N = 38) as they visually inspected pairs of images of cats or dogs. In general, infants who had previous experience with pets exhibited more sophisticated inspection than did infants without pet experience, both directing more visual attention to the informative head regions ...
Frie Roger - - 2013
This article considers the interaction between psychoanalysis and philosophy by examining the meaning of human finitude in the work of Freud and Heidegger. Although Freud and Heidegger develop radically different systems of thought, they are surprisingly close in their examination of the human attitude toward death. Freud's philosophical reflections on ...
Dahl Audun - - 2013
Human infants with little or no crawling experience surprisingly show no wariness of heights, but such wariness becomes exceptionally strong over the life span. Neither depth perception nor falling experiences explain this extraordinary developmental shift; however, something about locomotor experience does. The crucial component of locomotor experience in this emotional ...
Cizmeci Mehmet N - - 2013
Airway management is one of the key aspects of neonatal anesthesia and an oropharyngeal airway (OPA) is used in daily intensive care practice to relieve upper airway obstruction. A myriad of congenital malformations have features that might cause a difficult airway management and cleft palate is among these conditions. Herein, ...
Frick Andrea - - 2013
Infants' ability to mentally track the orientation of an object during a hidden rotation was investigated (N = 28 in each experiment). A toy on a turntable was fully covered and then rotated 90°. When revealed, the toy had turned with the turntable (probable event), remained at its starting orientation (improbable event ...
Gerson Sarah A - - 2013
Prior research suggests that infants' action production affects their action understanding, but little is known about the aspects of motor experience that render these effects. In Study 1, the relative contributions of self-produced (n = 30) and observational (n = 30) action experience on 3-month-old infants' action understanding was assessed using a visual habituation ...
Finnis John - - 2013
This paper identifies and contests the thesis it takes to be the central premise of Giubilini and Minerva, 'Why should the baby live?', namely that rights, subjecthood and personhood have as a necessary condition that the undergoing of a harm be experienced. That thesis entails the repugnant or absurd conclusion ...
Hurst Nancy - - 2013
Background:Mothers of very preterm infants continue to face challenges related to providing their expressed breast milk in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Objective:This qualitative study sought to understand the experience of mothers of hospitalized very preterm infants related to their daily pumping routine during the NICU stay.Methods:Fourteen women who were ...
Khanna Surbhi - - 2013
People who have near-death experiences often report a subsequently increased sense of spirituality and a connection with their inner self and the world around them. In this study, we examined spiritual well-being, using Paloutzian and Ellison's Spiritual Well-Being Scale, among 224 persons who had come close to death. Participants who ...
Kavšek Michael - - 2013
In this short-term longitudinal study, infants were examined for their natural preference of a square defined by crossed horizontal disparity (either 1° or 0.5°) over a square defined by a vertical disparity (either 1° or 0.5°). The square targets were embedded in a dynamic random dot stereogram. The stimuli were ...
Ciccone Albert - - 2013
This article deals with the importance of rhythm in infants' experiences, underscoring its function in relation to sense of being and the continuity of that sense. Although some discontinuity is inevitable, and indeed necessary for development, it can expose infants to chaotic experiences if there is no underlying rhythmicity. Observations ...
Edmunds Janet Elizabeth - - 2013
Background:Tongue-tie or ankyloglossia is a congenital condition that negatively affects breastfeeding. The thickened, tightened, or shortened frenulum affects the infant's ability to suck and frequently results in sore and painful nipples. Although several studies have investigated outcomes associated with treatment of tongue-tie, none have investigated mothers' experiences of breastfeeding an ...
Crowther Susan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Those at the birth of a baby sometimes speak of the experience as significant and meaningful; an experience in which there is an atmosphere or mood that surrounds the occasion. This paper explores this mood, its recognition, disclosure and how we attune or not to it. The paper is ...
Scott Rose M RM School of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Arts, University of California, Merced, CA 95343, USA. - - 2013
Recent experiments have suggested that infants' expectations about the actions of agents are guided by a principle of rationality: In particular, infants expect agents to pursue their goals efficiently, expending as little effort as possible. However, these experiments have all presented infants with infrequent or odd actions, which leaves the ...
Byrom Anna - - 2013
Breastfeeding is increasingly equated to ideologies of the 'good mother' in our society in response to a growing body of evidence identifying its benefits. Women who choose not to or are unable to breastfeed can experience a sense of guilt in response to cultural expectations that 'breast is best'. These ...
Libertus Klaus K Center for Autism and Related Disorders, Kennedy Krieger Institute & Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA. - - 2013
Looking and reaching preferences for different-sized objects were examined in 4-5- and 5-6-month-old infants. Infants were presented with pairs of different sized cylinders and preferences were analyzed by age and reaching status. Outcome variables included looking and touching time for each object, first look, and first touch. Significant three-way interactions ...
Stone Sarah Ahlander - - 2013
This study examined linkages between 6-month-old infants' (n=101) orienting response, measured physiologically by brief bradycardia or heart deceleration at the onset of a frustration task (maternal arm-restraint) and mother-infant co-regulation measured during a 15-min unstructured free play episode. Given the socially disruptive nature of the frustration task, we suspected that ...
Möhring Wenke - - 2013
In this study, 6-month-olds' ability to mentally rotate objects was investigated using the violation-of-expectation paradigm. Forty infants watched an asymmetric object being moved straight down behind an occluder. When the occluder was lowered, it revealed the original object (possible) or its mirror image (impossible) in one of five orientations. Whereas ...
Bosworth Rain G RG Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0109, USA. - - 2013
In order to investigate the effects of visual experience on early visual development, the current study compared contrast sensitivity across infants born with different degrees of moderate-to-late prematurity. Here the logic is that at any given postterm age, the most premature infants will have the oldest postnatal age. Given that ...
Johansson Margareta - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to describe and explore fathers' experiences of their partner's caesarean section birth. DESIGN: a qualitative descriptive design was employed. A self-selected sample of 22 Swedish fathers who had experienced an elective or emergency caesarean section agreed to participate. Men were interviewed by telephone seven to 16 months after the ...
Yang Dahe Jessica - - 2013
We examined infants' ability to generalize effective actions in an imitation task. In Experiment 1, 15-month-olds imitated effective and ineffective actions on two similarly designed toys. They were then shown a third toy of the same design with both actions available. Children reliably touched and manipulated the effective action handle ...
Golle Jessika - - 2013
Infant faces are very salient stimuli. The Kindchenschema describes specific features that characterize a cute infant face. In this study we used a visual adaptation paradigm to investigate the universality of the perceptual properties of the Kindchenschema. In Experiment 1, twenty-four participants adapted to cute and less cute human infant ...
Henderson Annette M E - - 2013
Collaborative activities in which individuals coordinate their actions to attain a common goal play a fundamental role in our everyday lives. Evidence suggests that infants engage in collaborative activities before their first birthday, however little is known about infants' understanding of collaborative action. Using a visual habituation paradigm, this research ...
Heringhaus Alina - - 2013
The aim of this study is to describe the experiences of becoming a parent to a child with birth asphyxia treated with hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). In line with the medical advances, the survival of critically ill infants with increased risk of morbidity is increasing. Children ...
Puia Denise - - 2013
: The cesarean birth rate has increased dramatically over the past 10 years. With such a large number of women having a cesarean birth, it is important to understand the woman's experience of a cesarean birth and postoperative recovery. A meta-synthesis was conducted to allow for a deeper interpretation of ...
Oder Austin L - - 2013
The dense representation of trigeminal mechanosensitive afferents in the lip vermilion, anterior tongue, intraoral mucosa, and temporomandibular joint allows the infant's orofacial system to encode a wide range of somatosensory experiences during the critical period associated with feed development. Our understanding of how this complex sensorium processes texture is very ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2013
Experiences with one's own infant attune the parent nervous system to infant stimuli. To explore the effects of motherhood on brain activity patterns, electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded while primipara mothers of 3- and 6-month-olds viewed images of faces of their own child and an unfamiliar but appearance-matched child. Mothers of ...
Nilsson Lena - - 2013
Objectives. The objective of this study was to describe first-time mothers' experiences and reflections of their first birth. Study Design. This study is a part of a larger study which was carried out in southwestern Sweden in 2008. A qualitative method with content analysis was chosen for this study. The ...
Kanazawa So - - 2013
We investigated illusory motion perception in 6-to-8-month-old infants using a static figure which produces strong illusory motion. In experiment 1 we prepared a control figure, which was physically similar to the illusory motion figure but which did not produce illusory motion. We presented the illusory figure and the control figure ...
Bulf Hermann H Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, - - 2013
Recent studies have shown that infants' face recognition rests on a robust face representation that is resilient to a variety of facial transformations such as rotations in depth, motion, occlusion or deprivation of inner/outer features. Here, we investigated whether 3-month-old infants' ability to represent the invariant aspects of a face ...
Porrett Liesel - - 2012
Introduction: The benefits to women of having their male partners present during labor and birth have been well documented, but the effects on men of sharing the birth experience have been less well explored. Several studies have suggested that male partners' positive experiences at this time may benefit partner and ...
Hildingsson Ingegerd - - 2013
An instrumental vaginal birth is known to affect women's birth experience, few studies have explored the fathers' experiences of attending such a birth. The aim of this study is to compare birth outcome and parents' feelings in parents with instrumental vaginal birth or a spontaneous vaginal birth. A regional survey ...
Lau Bonnie K BK Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, 1417 NE 42nd Street, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA. - - 2012
A hallmark of complex pitch perception is that the pitch of a harmonic complex is the same whether or not the fundamental frequency is present. By 7 months, infants appear to discriminate on the basis of the pitch of the missing fundamental (MF). Although electrophysiological cortical responses to MF pitch ...
Biro Szilvia - - 2012
In two experiments, we recorded infants' eye movements to test whether the efficiency of the action influences infants' ability to anticipate the outcome of an ongoing action performed by abstract figures. In Experiment 1, we found that predictive eye movements were elicited by both nonefficient and efficient actions, but anticipation ...
Lupton Deborah - - 2012
Little sociological research has focused specifically on the moment of birth. In this article we draw upon interview data with women who had very recently given birth for the first time to explore the ways in which they described both their own embodiment and that of their infants at this ...
Woods Rebecca J RJ Department of Human Development and Family Science, North Dakota State University, Department 2615, P.O. Box 6050, Fargo, ND 58108, USA. - - 2013
A hierarchical progression in infants' ability to use surface features, such as color, as a basis for object individuation in the first year has been well established (Tremoulet, Leslie, & Hall, 2000; Wilcox, 1999). There is evidence, however, that infants' sensitivity to surface features can be increased through multisensory (i.e., ...
Johnston R G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: anxiety during pregnancy and childbirth can increase risk of complications and interventions for both mother and infant. Although considerable work has explored fear of childbirth and anxiety during labour and subsequent birth outcomes there has been less consideration of the role of more stable maternal personality upon childbirth. Traits ...
Tochigi Mamoru - - 2012
A number of studies have investigated seasonality of birth in schizophrenia. Most of the studies have consistently observed an excess of winter births, often associated with decreased summer births. We postulated that psychotic-like experiences (PLEs), subclinical hallucinatory and delusional experiences, may also be affected by birth season. In the present ...
Fawcett Christine - - 2012
Across two experiments, we examined the relationship between 18-month-old infants' mimicry and social behavior - particularly invitations to play with an adult play partner. In Experiment 1, we manipulated whether an adult mimicked the infant's play or not during an initial play phase. We found that infants who had been ...
Devouche Emmanuel - - 2012
This study presents an ecological experiment investigating 6-month-olds' social engagement. Results show that infants look and smile more at a socially attending distant partner than at an inattentive partner and that their looking and smiling behavior is different when the inattentive partner is their mother.
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