Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 657
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Andrew M - - 1987
The investigation of many hemostatic defects in the newborn is limited by the lack of normal reference values. This study was designed to determine the postnatal development of the human coagulation system in the healthy full-term infant. Consecutive mothers of healthy full-term infants born at St Joseph's Hospital in the ...
Romagnoli C - - 1987
During the first week of life serum calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, immunoreactive thyrocalcitonin hormone, and parathyroid hormone concentrations were determined daily in 36 preterm and 29 small for gestational age, full term, healthy infants. Preterm babies with early neonatal hypocalcaemia had significantly higher concentrations of serum thyrocalcitonin hormone in the first ...
Hoffman H S - - 1987
In human adults the eyeblink elicited by a given stimulus can be inhibited if that stimulus is preceded by another stimulus at an appropriate lead interval. In the present work, pairs of eyeblink-eliciting stimuli separated by 300-1200 msec were presented to sleeping preterm and full-term infants as well as to ...
Kilpatrick D C - - 1987
Full HLA-A, B and DR types were obtained for 22 families (mothers, fathers and neonates) associated with severe (proteinuric) pre-eclampsia, 21 families associated with mild pre-eclampsia, and 132 families associated with normal pregnancies. There was an increased frequency of DR4 (relative risk 3.6: p less than 0.003, uncorrected) in both ...
Zlotkin S H - - 1987
We measured the concentrations of total protein and albumin in sera of 281 well-fed premature infants, gestational ages 22-36 weeks, and calculated reference values from the 10th to 90th percentiles. The mean serum albumin concentration (27.6 +/- 4.4 g/L, mean +/- SD) and total protein concentration (49.2 +/- 6.7 g/L) ...
Reid R I - - 1987
Urine specimens were obtained from 98 runners before and immediately after running a half (21 km) or full (42 km) marathon. Specimens were examined for the presence of proteinuria, haematuria and whether the erythrocytes were normomorphic or dysmorphic as determined by phase contrast microscopy. Proteinuria occurred in 35% of those ...
Lucas A - - 1987
The multiplicity of dietary regimes available for low birthweight infants is a measure of clinical uncertainty in this field. The reasons for this persisting uncertainty are analysed: few studies have examined whether early diet matters in terms of clinical outcome; instead, management decisions have been based on short-term 'physiological' studies ...
Abdul Ghani N - - 1987
The leaves of the shrub Catha edulis (khat) are widely chewed as part of social life in several countries around the Red Sea and in East Africa. The leaves possess stimulant properties and are also used by pregnant women. The effect of khat on birth-weight has been studied, It was ...
Davis D H - - 1987
Nine premature and 28 full-term infants were observed in their homes for 7 hr when they were 2, 3, 4, and 5 weeks post-term, and the sleeping and waking states displayed by these infants were compared. For these comparisons, the observation day was divided into two mutually exclusive contexts: times ...
Miler I - - 1987
Using cadmium microcrystals saturated with human serum albumin as particles for the phagocytic assay, the phagocytic activity of peripheral blood glass-adherent leucocytes of 32 preterm infants, 15 small-for-date newborns, 14 term newborns with perinatal asphyxia and 27 term newborns of diabetic mothers was compared with healthy term newborns and normal ...
Szabó T T Department of Pediatrics, University Medical School, Debrecen, - - 1987
Serum ceruloplasmin activity in full term and premature neonates was measured on the first day of life. Preterm newborns were born more than 24 hours after antenatal corticosteroid treatment, had enzyme activity equivalent to that of the full term babies. Little or no ceruloplasmin activity was found in those prematures ...
Pettigrew A G - - 1986
Brainstem auditory evoked responses were recorded in 117 pre-term and 71 full-term infants from the general population of infants born at a referral obstetric unit. The threshold intensity required to evoke a reliable BAER was determined at different post-menstrual ages (PMAs) and in many cases at follow-up clinics. The BAER ...
Ruff H A - - 1986
Preterm infants at 7 months, corrected age, and 7-month-old full-term infants were videotaped while they played with a series of novel objects for a minute apiece. Each infant's videotape was scored for duration of examining (focused visual inspection), duration of mouthing, and duration of slapping or banging the objects. Full-term ...
Beydoun S N - - 1986
The maternal and fetal outcomes of 70 consecutive singleton pregnancies with prolonged premature rupture of the membranes before 28 weeks, which were managed expectantly, were evaluated; 58.6% of the mothers developed chorioamnionitis and 13% postpartum endomyometritis. No long-term maternal sequelae were noted. None of the 22 infants born before 25 ...
Berry J - - 1986
Bloodspot 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, plasma cortisol, plasma sodium and urinary 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, cortisol, sodium and creatinine levels were determined in 24 term and 32 pre-term infants on the third, eighth and fourteenth days of life. Pre-term infants, whether 'well' or 'sick', had significantly raised bloodspot 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone levels (up to 158 ...
James J R - - 1986
Bone mineral content of the forearm was measured by photon absorptiometry in 17 preterm infants at a postconceptional age of 40 weeks. Radiographs of the forearm were assessed by Koo's method and plasma alkaline phosphatase activity was also measured at this time. Bone mineral content was significantly but weakly correlated ...
Birenbaum E - - 1986
A full-term newborn infant with severe subcutaneous emphysema of the skull as a complication of vacuum extraction and scalp electrode wound is reported. We hypothesize that detachment of subcutaneous tissue and transmission of the negative pressure associated with the vacuum extraction resulted in entry of air through the scalp electrode ...
Cassio A - - 1986
Capillary blood samples on filter paper were assayed by means of an RIA method (Kit Nichols Institute USA) from 1096 newborns divided into full term, preterm and small-for-date infants. The somatomedin-C (Sm-C) mean value, which did not differ in the three groups, was 0.15 +/- 0.09 IU/ml. One hundred and ...
King R A - - 1986
The postnatal development of insulin secretion was studied in a group of premature infants (26-30 weeks gestation at birth) for periods up to 110 days after birth and in a small group of full-term infants (38-42 weeks gestation) for up to 47 days after birth. Circulating insulin levels were measured ...
Kaga K - - 1986
Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and behavioural thresholds were studied in 25 pre-term infants with post-conceptional ages of approximately 40 weeks to ascertain whether there were differences in the ABR between normal preterm and full-term new born infants to compare behavioural thresholds around 40 weeks of post-conceptional age and to follow ...
Medoff-Cooper B - - 1986
This project compared the temperament of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants to that of full-term infants at 6 and 12 months of age, assessed patterns of change in temperament from 6 to 12 months, and investigated effects of the neonatal experience on manifestations of temperament in VLBW babies. The ...
Swartz K R - - 1986
Long-term follow-up of children with gastroschisis has been made possible by the increased survival of these infants over the past 20 years. We have observed that children with isolated gastroschisis defects exhibit normal growth and development beyond 5 years of age without significant bowel sequelae. Infants with gastroschisis with concomitant ...
Gillam G L - - 1986
A case is described of an infant who at 5 days of age developed an echovirus 11 infection with hepatic failure and intractable ascites, refractory to medical treatment. The ascites was successfully controlled with a peritoneo-venous (Le Veen) shunt inserted at 6 weeks of age. The shunt was subsequently removed ...
Stern M - - 1986
The possibility that the self-fulfilling prophecy process can adversely affect the caregiving environment of premature infants was explored in this study. A portion of this process was investigated experimentally by assessing cognitive and behavioral reactions of 27 mothers to unfamiliar full-term infants who were labeled either full-term or premature. Infants ...
Ellingson R J - - 1986
Stroboscopic visual evoked potentials (SVEPs) and photic driving responses were recorded during the first week of life post term and at 4, 13, 26 and 52 weeks in normal full term, low risk premature, and Trisomy-21 infants. The age effect on SVEP P2 peak latency was significant (P less than ...
Sussmane J B - - 1986
Two cases of nonbacterial endocardial thrombi (NBET) on the atrial surface of the tricuspid valve in the full-term infant are presented. The pathophysiology and the events peculiar to the full-term infant that suggest susceptibility to this rare pathological phenomenon are reviewed. The difficulties in diagnosis and treatment are discussed.
Cox F - - 1986
Adherence of Candida albicans to buccal epithelial cells from full-term infants was significantly lower than adherence to epithelial cells from premature infants and healthy school-age children, until the full-term infants reached 5 days of age. Adherence in premature infants (gestational age 28-39 weeks) at birth was more than twice that ...
Bourguignon J P - - 1986
Dry blood spot immunoreactive trypsin was measured by radioimmunoassay in 84 preterm babies and in 65 full-term newborns studied daily from the first to the fifth day of life. In a control group of 3858 full-term newborns, trypsin concentrations at days 4-6 of life exhibited a log-normal pattern distribution, the ...
Pennachio J - - 1986
Near-death experience exhibits many attributes of mystical awareness. Assessing the mystical quality of psychedelic experience, Walter Pahnke identified a nine-category typology of mystical experience. It is used here to illustrate the mystical nature of near-death experience. The typology also describes the self-transformation which follows the mystical state of consciousness. Self-transformation ...
Lineham J D - - 1986
Longitudinal circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) were measured by radioimmunoassay after acid/ethanol extraction of serum or plasma in 44 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) premature infants, 7 small-for-gestational age (SGA) premature infants and 9 AGA full-term infants. The subjects were divided into cohorts with gestational age at birth 26-29 ...
Nakajima Y - - 1986
Cavum septi pellucidi (CSP) and cavum Vergae (CV) are frequently found in premature and mature neonates an autopsy. We examined 116 premature infants, 45 full-term neonates and 31 healthy 1-month-old infants to clarify the incidence of CSP and CV using cranial ultrasonography through anterior fontanelle. CSP was detected in 97% ...
Levin S - - 1986
The Development Quotient (D.Q.) was tested in 48 full term infants at the ages of 12-24 months who had been treated antenatally with Betamethasone to hasten pulmonary maturity. The results were compared with a control group of 100 normal full term infants of the same age. Although the two groups ...
Moragas A - - 1985
Perirenal brown adipose tissue was studied in 49 liveborn anencephalic infants of appropriate weight, whose lifespan ranged from 2 hours to 6 days. An additional series of 187 full-term infants was used as control. Morphological evidence of active and marked BAT lipolysis was found in large number of anencephalic infants ...
Auconi P - - 1985
The molecular polymorphism and quantitative levels of serum vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) were ascertained in a group of preterm, full-term and hypocalcaemic full-term newborn infants. The serum concentration of DBP is not influenced by phenotype and increases with fetal age from the 32nd-33rd week of gestation until the 35th week ...
Piazza S F - - 1985
The difference between upper- vs lower-limb systolic blood pressure (BP) was investigated in 100 normal full-term newborns younger than 24 hours of age by the oscillometric method. The mean systolic BP of both upper limbs was 72.3 +/- 7.6 mm Hg (mean +/- SD). The mean +/- SD systolic BP ...
Bozzola M - - 1985
Thymidine Activity (TA) was measured by the effect of serum upon incorporation of 3H-thymidine into human lectin-activated lymphocytes in 54 newborns: 32 full-term, 11 pre-term and 11 with intra-uterine growth retardation (IGR). Capillary blood was collected at 0-6 hours, with routine samplings. TA values were lower in preterm (0.476 +/- ...
Sakata H - - 1985
Development of faecal flora was studied in seven very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, who were fed on human milk and whose birth weights ranged from 810-1350 g. The intestine of the VLBW infants was first colonised by enterobacteria and streptococci, as it was in full-term infants. VLBW infants differed, ...
Linn P L - - 1985
Animal studies and studies with human full-term infants suggest that the stimulation present in utero affects postnatal preferences and levels of response. The premature infant does not necessarily benefit from a re-creation of the in utero environment. Each aspect of the in utero environment should be assessed independently as a ...
Mimouni F - - 1985
Spleen tip size was determined in 470 full-term appropriate-for-gestational-age infants within the first 24 hours of life. The spleen was palpable in 17.9 percent of them. It was palpated less than 1 cm below the costal margin in 11.7 percent, between 1 and 2 cm in 3.6 percent, and 2 ...
Minde K - - 1985
The contribution of past psychological experiences of the mother and medical complications of the infant to differences in caretaking of pre- and full-term infants are examined. Twenty full- and 20 pre-term matched mother-infant dyads were studied during a feed and play 1, 2 and 3 months after the expected date ...
Salamy A - - 1985
Average auditory brain-stem responses (ABRs) evoked by left and right ear stimulation of varying intensities were recorded from ipsilateral and contralateral scalp placements in human neonates. Subjects included pre-term infants, healthy full-term infants and high risk, full-term infants. Pre-term infants were classified into 4 age groups ranging from 29 to ...
Cremin B J - - 1985
Full-term as well as preterm infants are liable to cerebral haemorrhage. Not all paediatricians are aware of this, but the availability of ultrasound in many general hospitals which have paediatric beds is alerting them to this possibility. This account draws on a two-year experience at a paediatric institute to which ...
Zanardo V - - 1985
The serum activity of SGOT and SGPT is one of the more specific parameters of liver cell injury both in adults and in the pediatric age-group. The determination of serum transaminase activity could offer a routine and rapid laboratory test for establishing the presence of hepatic cellular damage following intrauterine ...
Levinsky H - - 1985
Sialic acid was determined in newborn and maternal lymphocytes immediately after preterm deliveries of 34 and 35 weeks of gestation. The results were compared with those found in full-term deliveries. In contrast with full-term deliveries, in preterm deliveries a significant increase in sialic acid in maternal as compared to newborn ...
Scott-Emuakpor A B - - 1985
In order to determine the limits of physiological anemia in the African neonate, the hematological values of 402 healthy neonates were determined. It was observed that although the African neonate had much lower hematological values at birth when compared with their North American and European counterparts, the eventual nadir reached ...
Heinonen K - - 1985
A representative sample (N = 120, 96%) of all pre-term (gestational age less than or equal to 36 weeks) infants born alive to mothers resident in the province of Kuopio, Finland, during a two year period, were studied at birth to evaluate the signs of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Norms ...
Hilali M M - - 1984
Plasminogen in full term newborn infants has been measured by functional and immunological assays. Plasminogen functional activity and antigen concentration in newborn infants were about 44% and 48% of adult values respectively. Physiological activation kinetics of plasminogen in undiluted plasma at pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C using various concentrations ...
Aizad T - - 1984
To determine the effect of a single breath of 100% O2 on ventilation, 10 full-term [body wt 3,360 +/- 110 (SE) g, gestational age 39 +/- 0.4 wk, postnatal age 3 +/- 0.6 days] and 10 preterm neonates (body wt 2,020 +/- 60 g, gestational age 34 +/- 2 wk, ...
de v Heese H - - 1984
A prospective study to determine the prevalence rates of rickets, as determined by clinical, biochemical and radiological examinations performed at the age of 12 months in preterm infants of low birth weight and full-term control infants of mothers in lower socio-economic classes, was carried out. Clinical rickets was suspected in ...
Mushin J - - 1984
The use of a Xenon discharge stroboscope to elicit VERs in a neonatal intensive care unit has several disadvantages. To overcome these a photostimulator has been developed which consists of an array of 25 red light emitting diodes (LEDs). The LEDs are driven by pulses of fixed length and current ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >