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Results 501 - 550 of 695
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Hall M A - - 1990
The faecal flora of 46 preterm infants and 52 born at full term was studied at 10 days of age; 46 born at full term and 37 preterm infants were also studied at 30 days. Viable counts of coliforms, lactobacilli, and bifidobacteria were made; gas liquid chromatography was used to ...
Anday E K - - 1990
The onset and development of the delayed blink response, elicited by a tap to the glabella, and its modification by an acoustic stimulus (tone), were studied longitudinally in 36 healthy preterm and 43 term infants. Blink amplitude increased with gestational age. By term postconceptional age, the responses of the preterm ...
Golding J - - 1990
Population-based data from 10 centres in Burma, Thailand, China and Vietnam, have been analysed to assess those social and environmental factors which may be associated with pre-term delivery and low birth-weight. The philosophy behind the study was that if the same association was found in different countries, then the association ...
Rokicki W - - 1990
Total cortisol as well as percentage and absolute free cortisol values were determined in 75 full-term, 88 premature and 38 small-for-age (born at term) infants in the first 3 months of life. Equilibrium dialysis and radioimmunoassay were used to estimate the percentage value of the unbound fraction and the value ...
Ryken T C - - 1990
Bilateral testicular torsion in the neonate, although uncommon, is being reported with increasing frequency. Most previously reported cases have been full term, average to above average weight infants born with nonviable testes. We report a case of bilateral neonatal testicular torsion in a 32-week newborn in whom testicular viability may ...
Harris M B - - 1990
: The purpose of this study was to document joint range of motion of premature, very low birthweight infants and to describe developmental changes in joint range in the first year of life. The relationship between a group of three central nervous system complications and obtained range of motion was ...
Lee M M - - 1989
To evaluate serum adrenal steroid concentrations in preterm infants, 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), 17-hydroxypregnenolone, 11-deoxycortisol, cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), DHEA sulfate, androstenedione, 18-hydroxycorticosterone, and aldosterone values were determined in 9 sick and 13 healthy premature infants. Serum steroid concentrations were compared to previously reported data from healthy full-term infants. 17-OHP, 11-deoxycortisol, and aldosterone ...
Horsman A - - 1989
A total of 36 preterm and 22 full term infants were weighed and measured at 65 to 100 weeks' postconception. It was found that the preterm infants were on average significantly lighter by 1008 g and shorter by 3.8 cm than those born at full term. Despite the smaller size ...
Kugo M - - 1989
We investigated the activity and the content of copper and zinc-containing superoxide dismutase (SOD) and superoxide anion (O2-) production in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) from healthy term newborn infants, very low birth wt infants, and healthy adults. SOD activity in PMN was measured with nitroblue tetrazolium reduction assay on PAGE, and ...
Forero N - - 1989
Passive range of motion (ROM) of seven hip joint movements were measured in 60 healthy, full-term neonates to determine 95% normal ranges. All neonates lacked full hip extension, and lateral rotation was greater than medial rotation. No significant differences in hip ROM were found between males and females or between ...
Chuansumrit A - - 1989
Heparin cofactor II (HC II) was measured by a chromogenic activity assay in normal preterm infants (gestational age, 28-36 weeks; n = 17; 29% +/- 11.5 [mean +/- 1 SD], range 11-51), normal full-term infants (n = 18; 49% +/- 6.6 [mean +/- 1 SD], range 36-58), and normal adults ...
Medoff-Cooper B - - 1989
The sucking patterns of 42 healthy full-term and 44 preterm infants whose gestational age at birth was 30.9 +/- 2.1 weeks were compared using the Kron Nutritive Sucking Apparatus for a 5-minute period. The measured pressures were used to calculate six characteristics of the sucking response: maximum pressure generated, amount ...
Anday E K - - 1989
The present study uses the glabellar reflex and reflex modification procedures to assess acoustic and tactile sensory processing capabilities in the human neonate. Fourteen term infants and 28 clinically stable preterm infants were given identical test paradigms. Augmentation testing consisted of a 16 V dc tap presented simultaneously with a ...
Seaborg B - - 1989
The nails of 48 healthy infants of 39 to 41 weeks' gestation were measured with dial calipers to establish both a method for measurement of nails and standards of nail size. Nail width and length were measured directly, and an estimated area was calculated. Nail area was compared between sexes ...
Vles J S - - 1989
As part of a longitudinal study of spontaneous behaviour from 32-36 weeks of conceptional age, body posture was studied during spontaneous head movements in 15 low-risk pre-term infants. At the moment of an active head position in the midline, the most frequently observed posture was a symmetrical one in which ...
Zoban P - - 1989
The first part of the study gives data on the FFA concentrations, glycaemia and energy quotient in newborns with uncomplicated postnatal adaptation in the first 2 weeks of life. The study was carried out in a group of 69 full-term and 69 pre-term infants at the age of 24, 48, ...
Pekrun A - - 1989
gamma-chain heterogeneity of haemoglobin F was studied in German full-term and preterm infants up to 12 months old. The A gamma T-gene frequency calculated was about 19%. In most cases with A gamma I-/A gamma T-chain heterogeneity A gamma I-chains predominated over A gamma T-chains. There was no difference between ...
Fattal A - - 1989
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was determined in the erythrocytes of 16 full-term and 12 preterm neonates and the mothers of these babies. Blood samples were obtained from the umbilical cord (or within the first 12 h and samples were again obtained 48 h after delivery. The results of the study ...
Goyal S C - - 1989
One hundred new-born infants were studied in an attempt to test the accuracy of selected methods of post-natal assessment of gestational age. The Finnstrom method using seven external characteristics was found to be relatively more accurate both in preterm and term infants. Dubowitz and Cappuro method were accurate in premature ...
Knisely A S - - 1988
Several infants and neonates who had received long-term ventilatory assistance had subnormal diaphragmatic muscle mass on gross necropsy examination. We conducted a retrospective study of our hospital infant necropsy files to determine whether prolonged ventilatory support was associated with diminution in myofiber cross-sectional area selectively affecting the diaphragm. We found ...
Johnson G L - - 1988
Pulsed Doppler echocardiographic studies of both right and left ventricular diastolic inflow patterns were performed in 10 full-term newborn infants and serially during the first month of life in 21 premature (28 to 35 weeks' gestation) infants with no clinical cardiorespiratory disease. Results of studies performed during the first 10 ...
Heriza C B - - 1988
This study describes the differences and similarities in movement of low-risk preterm and full-term infants of comparable postgestational ages using a sensitive and quantitative measurement system, kinematic analysis. Subjects were 25 low-risk infants, 10 born at 34 to 36 weeks gestational age and 15 at term. Spontaneous leg movements were ...
Eggermont J J - - 1988
Auditory brain stem responses were recorded in full term infants (N = 465) and in unselected preterm infants (N = 178) who were tested in, respectively, 10 and 12 age groups from birth until 5 yr. The latencies of waves I and V as well as the wave I-wave V ...
Cox R M - - 1988
For 30 male and 30 female talkers, distributions of short-term rms speech levels, relative to the corresponding long-term rms levels, were determined in each of eight 1/3-oct bands for six short-term measurement intervals. Consecutive, Hanning-windowed, 20-ms time records were combined to produce nominal measurement intervals ranging from 20 to 120 ...
Andersson T R - - 1988
The coagulation inhibitors heparin cofactor II (HC II), antithrombin (AT) and protein C (PC) were measured in healthy term and preterm infants in order to establish reference standards. The mean value for HC II in term infants was found to be about half of the adult values. Values below 25% ...
Gravel J S - - 1988
A group of 46 high-risk infants (graduates of a neonatal intensive care unit) and 19 full-term infants were observed prospectively for middle ear status beginning at 40 weeks' postconceptional age. All infants were born to families living in low socioeconomic urban neighborhoods. Pneumootoscopy was used to determine the presence or ...
Wandrup J - - 1988
Reference values for ionized calcium were measured in anaerobic samples of capillary blood from 22 healthy premature neonates, gestational age 33-36 weeks, birth weight 1660-2480 g. Reference values (mean +/- 2SE) for premature neonates aged 5-12, 13-19, 25-48, 51-72, 77-99, 108-140, 150-185 h were: 1.21 +/- 0.16, 1.17 +/- 0.12, ...
Vles J S - - 1988
Although body posture in pre-term infants is generally studied to describe developmental aspects, no consensus exists in literature about the influence of head position and head position change upon body posture in pre-term infants. In a weekly assessed longitudinal study of 15 healthy pre-term infants we extensively observed and analysed ...
Jacobson B E - - 1988
We describe the development of a direct method for determination of selenium in serum by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry with deuterium background correction. We include palladium modifier to stabilize selenium in the presence of a strong reducing agent. Spectral interferences from iron are not evident in this system. Because an ...
Eggermont J J - - 1988
Since maturation of ABR amplitude and latency in principle are dependent on innate as well as environmental factors and the health of the infant, it is conceivable that prematurely born infants show a maturation profile that is different from that of full term infants. In order to unequivocally address this ...
Martikainen M A - - 1988
The aim of this prospective study was to examine the effect of maternal hypertension on the neurological condition of the newborn infant. Of the babies born between April 1984 and March 1986, 54 preterm, 151 full-term AGA and 24 full-term SGA neonates with maternal hypertension were compared, respectively, with 128 ...
Riese M L - - 1988
Temperament stability over successive ages in the first 2 years of life was evaluated for 109 full-term and 81 preterm infants who were assessed at 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months. At each age, the infant was engaged in a series of age-appropriate vignettes in the laboratory, using a ...
Adamson I - - 1988
Pepsin and its multiple molecular forms have been studied in pre-term and post-term Nigerian infants. The levels of total enzyme activity and acidity were lower in the pre-term infants when compared to term and post-term infants. Resolutions of the various species by ion-exchange chromatography and electrophoresis revealed that the development ...
Robine N - - 1988
Cellular material found in urinary sediment stems essentially from exfoliated cells of the vesical triangle whose morphology is under the influence of the sex hormones. The study of cellular modifications forms the basis of a cytological procedure--the urocytogram. The urocytograms of 103 newborns, both premature and full term, made in ...
Sulyok E E County Children's Hospital, - - 1989
Blood spot 17OH-P concentrations were determined in 14 healthy premature (mean birthweight 1439 g, mean gestational age 30 weeks) and full-term newborn infants (mean birthweight 3532 g, mean gestational age 39.2 weeks) during the first five weeks of life to provide reference data for infants with various gestational and postnatal ...
Edwards S - - 1987
It was proposed that the greater time taken to dismiss intrusive compared with neutral thoughts is better explained in terms of a decreased ability to disattend to the intrusive thought than a decreased ability to access a more pleasant replacement thought. A study of 43 subjects with 'normal obsessions' using ...
Callegari C - - 1987
To provide normative data, we measured anogenital distances in 115 infants of 25 to 42 weeks gestational age and 10 pregnant women, including anus to fourchette (AF), anus to base of the clitoris (AC), and fourchette to base of the clitoris (FC). All infant measurements showed positive and significant correlations ...
Gleeson M - - 1987
The ontogeny patterns of IgD in saliva were studied prospectively in 27 healthy full-term infants. The concentrations and the proportion of samples with detectable levels of IgD were higher near birth. After 6 months of age IgD was rarely detected in saliva. There was an inverse association between the detection ...
Andrew M - - 1987
The investigation of many hemostatic defects in the newborn is limited by the lack of normal reference values. This study was designed to determine the postnatal development of the human coagulation system in the healthy full-term infant. Consecutive mothers of healthy full-term infants born at St Joseph's Hospital in the ...
Romagnoli C - - 1987
During the first week of life serum calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, immunoreactive thyrocalcitonin hormone, and parathyroid hormone concentrations were determined daily in 36 preterm and 29 small for gestational age, full term, healthy infants. Preterm babies with early neonatal hypocalcaemia had significantly higher concentrations of serum thyrocalcitonin hormone in the first ...
Hoffman H S - - 1987
In human adults the eyeblink elicited by a given stimulus can be inhibited if that stimulus is preceded by another stimulus at an appropriate lead interval. In the present work, pairs of eyeblink-eliciting stimuli separated by 300-1200 msec were presented to sleeping preterm and full-term infants as well as to ...
Kilpatrick D C - - 1987
Full HLA-A, B and DR types were obtained for 22 families (mothers, fathers and neonates) associated with severe (proteinuric) pre-eclampsia, 21 families associated with mild pre-eclampsia, and 132 families associated with normal pregnancies. There was an increased frequency of DR4 (relative risk 3.6: p less than 0.003, uncorrected) in both ...
Zlotkin S H - - 1987
We measured the concentrations of total protein and albumin in sera of 281 well-fed premature infants, gestational ages 22-36 weeks, and calculated reference values from the 10th to 90th percentiles. The mean serum albumin concentration (27.6 +/- 4.4 g/L, mean +/- SD) and total protein concentration (49.2 +/- 6.7 g/L) ...
Reid R I - - 1987
Urine specimens were obtained from 98 runners before and immediately after running a half (21 km) or full (42 km) marathon. Specimens were examined for the presence of proteinuria, haematuria and whether the erythrocytes were normomorphic or dysmorphic as determined by phase contrast microscopy. Proteinuria occurred in 35% of those ...
Lucas A - - 1987
The multiplicity of dietary regimes available for low birthweight infants is a measure of clinical uncertainty in this field. The reasons for this persisting uncertainty are analysed: few studies have examined whether early diet matters in terms of clinical outcome; instead, management decisions have been based on short-term 'physiological' studies ...
Abdul Ghani N - - 1987
The leaves of the shrub Catha edulis (khat) are widely chewed as part of social life in several countries around the Red Sea and in East Africa. The leaves possess stimulant properties and are also used by pregnant women. The effect of khat on birth-weight has been studied, It was ...
Davis D H - - 1987
Nine premature and 28 full-term infants were observed in their homes for 7 hr when they were 2, 3, 4, and 5 weeks post-term, and the sleeping and waking states displayed by these infants were compared. For these comparisons, the observation day was divided into two mutually exclusive contexts: times ...
Miler I - - 1987
Using cadmium microcrystals saturated with human serum albumin as particles for the phagocytic assay, the phagocytic activity of peripheral blood glass-adherent leucocytes of 32 preterm infants, 15 small-for-date newborns, 14 term newborns with perinatal asphyxia and 27 term newborns of diabetic mothers was compared with healthy term newborns and normal ...
Szabó T T Department of Pediatrics, University Medical School, Debrecen, - - 1987
Serum ceruloplasmin activity in full term and premature neonates was measured on the first day of life. Preterm newborns were born more than 24 hours after antenatal corticosteroid treatment, had enzyme activity equivalent to that of the full term babies. Little or no ceruloplasmin activity was found in those prematures ...
Pettigrew A G - - 1986
Brainstem auditory evoked responses were recorded in 117 pre-term and 71 full-term infants from the general population of infants born at a referral obstetric unit. The threshold intensity required to evoke a reliable BAER was determined at different post-menstrual ages (PMAs) and in many cases at follow-up clinics. The BAER ...
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