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Sakata H - - 1985
Development of faecal flora was studied in seven very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, who were fed on human milk and whose birth weights ranged from 810-1350 g. The intestine of the VLBW infants was first colonised by enterobacteria and streptococci, as it was in full-term infants. VLBW infants differed, ...
Linn P L - - 1985
Animal studies and studies with human full-term infants suggest that the stimulation present in utero affects postnatal preferences and levels of response. The premature infant does not necessarily benefit from a re-creation of the in utero environment. Each aspect of the in utero environment should be assessed independently as a ...
Mimouni F - - 1985
Spleen tip size was determined in 470 full-term appropriate-for-gestational-age infants within the first 24 hours of life. The spleen was palpable in 17.9 percent of them. It was palpated less than 1 cm below the costal margin in 11.7 percent, between 1 and 2 cm in 3.6 percent, and 2 ...
Minde K - - 1985
The contribution of past psychological experiences of the mother and medical complications of the infant to differences in caretaking of pre- and full-term infants are examined. Twenty full- and 20 pre-term matched mother-infant dyads were studied during a feed and play 1, 2 and 3 months after the expected date ...
Salamy A - - 1985
Average auditory brain-stem responses (ABRs) evoked by left and right ear stimulation of varying intensities were recorded from ipsilateral and contralateral scalp placements in human neonates. Subjects included pre-term infants, healthy full-term infants and high risk, full-term infants. Pre-term infants were classified into 4 age groups ranging from 29 to ...
Cremin B J - - 1985
Full-term as well as preterm infants are liable to cerebral haemorrhage. Not all paediatricians are aware of this, but the availability of ultrasound in many general hospitals which have paediatric beds is alerting them to this possibility. This account draws on a two-year experience at a paediatric institute to which ...
Zanardo V - - 1985
The serum activity of SGOT and SGPT is one of the more specific parameters of liver cell injury both in adults and in the pediatric age-group. The determination of serum transaminase activity could offer a routine and rapid laboratory test for establishing the presence of hepatic cellular damage following intrauterine ...
Levinsky H - - 1985
Sialic acid was determined in newborn and maternal lymphocytes immediately after preterm deliveries of 34 and 35 weeks of gestation. The results were compared with those found in full-term deliveries. In contrast with full-term deliveries, in preterm deliveries a significant increase in sialic acid in maternal as compared to newborn ...
Scott-Emuakpor A B - - 1985
In order to determine the limits of physiological anemia in the African neonate, the hematological values of 402 healthy neonates were determined. It was observed that although the African neonate had much lower hematological values at birth when compared with their North American and European counterparts, the eventual nadir reached ...
Heinonen K - - 1985
A representative sample (N = 120, 96%) of all pre-term (gestational age less than or equal to 36 weeks) infants born alive to mothers resident in the province of Kuopio, Finland, during a two year period, were studied at birth to evaluate the signs of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Norms ...
Hilali M M - - 1984
Plasminogen in full term newborn infants has been measured by functional and immunological assays. Plasminogen functional activity and antigen concentration in newborn infants were about 44% and 48% of adult values respectively. Physiological activation kinetics of plasminogen in undiluted plasma at pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C using various concentrations ...
Aizad T - - 1984
To determine the effect of a single breath of 100% O2 on ventilation, 10 full-term [body wt 3,360 +/- 110 (SE) g, gestational age 39 +/- 0.4 wk, postnatal age 3 +/- 0.6 days] and 10 preterm neonates (body wt 2,020 +/- 60 g, gestational age 34 +/- 2 wk, ...
de v Heese H - - 1984
A prospective study to determine the prevalence rates of rickets, as determined by clinical, biochemical and radiological examinations performed at the age of 12 months in preterm infants of low birth weight and full-term control infants of mothers in lower socio-economic classes, was carried out. Clinical rickets was suspected in ...
Mushin J - - 1984
The use of a Xenon discharge stroboscope to elicit VERs in a neonatal intensive care unit has several disadvantages. To overcome these a photostimulator has been developed which consists of an array of 25 red light emitting diodes (LEDs). The LEDs are driven by pulses of fixed length and current ...
Hayward C - - 1984
Transfontanellar ultrasound scans were performed on 96 term infants admitted to a special care baby unit. Thirty infants had abnormal scans; abnormalities detected included intracranial haemorrhage, hydrocephalus and fluid collections. Intracranial haemorrhage is less common in term than in pre-term infants but is generally associated with a worse prognosis. Clinically ...
Friel J K - - 1984
During a longitudinal study, hair samples and dietary intake data were collected from 50 pre-term (mean birth weight = 1054 +/- 234 g, mean gestational age = 29 +/- 2.5 weeks) and 60 full-term infants (mean birth weight = 3509 +/- 269 g, mean gestational age = 40 +/- 1 ...
Muhiudeen H A - - 1984
A carefully selected sample of 18 3-day-old full term neonates was videotaped in 3 different positions. The time of taping was controlled for feed interval. These tapes were then analysed for state and posture using a frame by frame facility. Seventy one separate postures were documented and the existence of ...
Guerrasio A - - 1984
Both the known polymorphisms of human Hb-F have been investigated here. Two similar groups of full-term newborns have been considered: pure F-globin has been studied by suitable fingerprinting techniques in the first group, while isoelectrofocusing techniques have been employed in the second. The results clearly indicate that G/A gamma polymorphism ...
Ruff H A - - 1984
Because manipulative exploration of objects may be important to the infant's perception and conceptualization of objects, this study compared full-term infants with preterm infants who are considered to be at risk for cognitive deficits. 30 preterms at 9 months, with age corrected for prematurity, and 20 9-month-old full-terms were videotaped ...
Ousey J C - - 1984
The status of the mare and foetus in relation to readiness for birth was assessed by measurement of the electrolytes sodium, potassium and calcium in mammary secretions pre-partum. Sixteen Thoroughbred mares were allowed to foal spontaneously and the ionic status of their mammary secretions was measured over three to five ...
Little A H - - 1984
Independent groups of 10-,20-, and 30-day-old infants were subjected to a classical eyelid conditioning procedure involving either a 500- or a 1500-msec interstimulus interval (ISI). Ten days later, all received a second conditioning session. A reliable increase in conditioned responding was observed at all ages but only by infants receiving ...
Schwartz G J - - 1984
An estimate of glomerular filtration rate has been derived for children from body length (L, in centimeters) and plasma creatinine (Pcr, in milligrams per deciliter): GFR = 0.55 L/Pcr. The near universality of this estimate in children led us to seek a similar formula for estimating GFR in full-term infants ...
McLaughlin S A - - 1984
The relationship between religion and near-death experiencers (NDEs) was examined by interviewing 40 near-death experiences who were given a series of instruments to measure religious orientation and religious change. No relationship was found between religious orientation prior to the NDE and the depth of the NDE. However, a significant correlation ...
Fukaya T - - 1984
Serum prolactin and estradiol-17 beta levels were determined in umbilical cord sera obtained from 33 preterm, 118 full-term and 11 anencephalic infants and in peripheral sera obtained from 5 neonates. Prolactin levels increased from mid-gestation toward term, and markedly decreased after birth. Those in anencephalic infants (253 +/- 86 ng/ml, ...
Begeot M - - 1984
The presence of lactotropes in pituitaries removed from 15 normal fetuses, 1 normal premature infant, 3 normal infants, and 7 anencephalic fetuses or infants was studied by immunocytochemistry. These cells were first detected in normal fetuses at 18 weeks of gestation in both sexes. After 22 weeks of gestation, the ...
Merlob P - - 1984
To define standards for lower limb measurements in the newborn, 198 full-term and preterm infants (range, 27 to 41 gestational weeks) were examined. The gestational age was determined chronologically and clinically, and the total length of the lower limb and the leg and foot lengths were measured by two observers ...
Curzi-Dascalova L - - 1984
We studied the occurrence of greater than or equal to 2 sec. respiratory pauses (RP) in very low risk, normal prematurely born infants (less than or equal to 36 wks. of gestation), recorded when they reached 37-40 wks. conceptional age and compared the results with those of full-term (37-41 wks. ...
Wandrup J - - 1984
The concentration of free calcium ions (cCa2+), and pH was measured in 200 full-term infants aged 5-130 h and in 50 healthy adults aged 18-60 years with a new semi-automatic electrode system (ICA 1 Radiometer, Copenhagen) in 110 microliter capillary whole blood. The blood was obtained anaerobically by heel puncture ...
Marino L R - - 1984
A 1-h basal collection of gastric secretions was taken from 14 healthy full-term infants (group I) and 10 premature infants (group II). Simultaneously, acid and intrinsic factor (IF) secretion was measured. In an additional group of 19 full-term infants (group III), 16 had IF detectable in their gastric secretions immediately ...
Fekete M - - 1984
Plasma somatomedin activity was measured by postnatal pig cartilage bioassay in 11 full term normal for dates, 10 preterm normal for dates and 5 full term small for dates newborn infants on the 2nd, 5th and 10th day after birth. On day 2 mean somatomedin activity was lower than in ...
Jeannin P - - 1984
The heads of 28 non-hypoxic, full-term infants of normal gravidas delivered by forceful vacuum extraction were examined with ultrasound during the early neonatal period. All echographic findings were normal and all neonates had an uneventful evolution during the first week of life. Addendum: Since this article was completed, a massive ...
Lilja G - - 1984
Cord blood lymphocyte preparations from premature and full-term infants were examined for T cell subsets using monoclonal antibodies. The number of T cells in relation to the total number of lymphocytes, the proportions of T helper (Th), and T suppressor (Ts) phenotypes, respectively, were the same in preterm infants of ...
Fletcher A B - - 1984
Providing adequate nutrition for the healthy full-term newborn is relatively easy; breast milk or formula is sufficient for the first six months of life. Although the full-term infant's organ systems are relatively mature, the gastrointestinal tract is often stressed by the demands of rapid growth, and feeding difficulties, such as ...
Bódis J - - 1984
Noradrenaline content was measured in the cerebrospinal fluid of 17 full-term and 16 premature newborns with or without perinatal asphyxia. Upon the effect of asphyxia the noradrenaline content of cerebrospinal fluid exhibited a more than three-fold increase (from 2.61 +/- 1.45 microgram/l to 10.86 +/- 4.02 micrograms/l) in mature newborns, ...
Waffarn F - - 1983
The time interval from the onset of the R wave of the ECG to the onset of the cutaneous capillary pulse wave, i.e., cutaneous R-pulse interval or RPIc, was evaluated in 21 full-term and 22 preterm infants as a measure of cardiovascular function. RPIc showed a significant linear relationship with ...
Enright M K - - 1983
Long-term retention of operant footkicking acquired in the mobile conjugate reinforcement paradigm was assessed as a function of the distribution of training time. In the first study, 3-month-old infants were trained for either one 18-min session or for two 9-min or three 6-min sessions separated by 24-hr intervals. All infants ...
Forslund M - - 1983
In a long-term prospective study 46 unselected infants born before 35 weeks of gestational age were followed up, which included repeated neurological and psychological examination. 40 of them were neurologically evaluated at term conceptional age and compared with 26 full-term newborns, all the infants being considered healthy. There was no ...
Hammarlund K - - 1983
In 68 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and 33 small for gestational age (SGA) infants, transepidermal water loss was studied during the first four weeks after birth. The method used to measure evaporation rate is based on measurement of the water vapour pressure gradient close to the skin surface. All ...
Marino L R - - 1983
Critically ill, full-term, and premature infants are at increased risk to develop gastric mucosal ulceration. The cytoprotective effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) may be important in the preservation of gastric mucosal integrity in these patients. PGE2 concentrations in the gastric secretions of seven full-term and 16 premature infants with severe ...
Ergander U - - 1983
In Sweden during the 1970's the incidence of severe asphyxia (an Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 min) has decreased significantly from 3.22 to 2.56 per 1000 infants. A follow-up study was undertaken concerning 116 infants (40 preterm, 76 full-term) admitted to St. Göran's Children's Hospital during a ...
Zipursky A - - 1983
The three-dimensional shape of erythrocytes is assessed by light microscopy using a simple technique to view glutaraldehyde-fixed erythrocytes. The technique and its standardization is described. Using this method the erythrocytes of adults have been compared to those of full-term and premature infants. In adults, the majority of erythrocytes are bowl-shaped ...
Cordero L - - 1983
Postrotatory nystagmus (PR-N) is an easily elicited reflex reported to be abnormal in developmentally delayed children. PR-N has been recorded in newborns, but methodological difficulties have compromised its full understanding. Eight healthy adults were compared with 15 full-term and 12 premature infants, all neurologically normal, who were tested serially during ...
Meurling S - - 1983
The water balance of 10 full-term infants was investigated during postoperative total parenteral nutrition. When only the output of water in faeces, urine and vomit was taken into account the infants gained water (positive balance), 36.4 +/- 4.1 g/kg/day, with the given infusion. The total mean evaporative water loss was ...
Sedin G - - 1983
The amount of water lost from the skin and the relation of the water loss to environmental factors, activity, body temperature, gestational age, nutritional status at birth and post-natal age were studied in full-term and pre-term newborn infants. The method we used was non-invasive and based on determination of the ...
Knip M - - 1983
To study the ontogeny of the insulin secretion and the erythrocyte insulin receptor we measured plasma immunoreactive insulin and C-peptide concentrations and the binding of [125I]-insulin to the erythrocytes in cord blood from 16 preterm and 16 term infants. 20 normal-weight adults were also studied. The C-peptide concentrations and the ...
Constantopoulos A - - 1983
The serum tuftsin activity in four different pediatric groups has been studied: (a) 20 premature infants, (b) 20 full-term infants, (c) 20 normal children (controls), and (d) 5 patients with recurrent and severe infections of the respiratory system, skin, and lymph nodes. The normal children as well as the premature ...
Larsson L - - 1983
The Radiometer ICA1 was evaluated with four sets of samples: a) 289 serum samples sent for routine analysis of ionized calcium, b) a reference set of serum samples from 40 healthy laboratory workers, c) 42 capillary whole blood samples from healthy full-term and d) six capillary whole blood samples from ...
Gerber S E - - 1983
Auditory arousal was assessed in eleven preterm infants for two different signal spectra. The responsibility of these infants was compared to that previously determined for full term infants to the same signals. It was found that preterm infants respond more frequently than full term infants to both wide band and ...
Lippe G - - 1982
Total ketone bodies and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid (HMG) were determined in urines of full-term and pre-term newborns from the first day after birth to an age of 17. Significantly higher levels of the two catabolites were observed in the first two weeks of life of the pre-term newborns. A peak of ...
Rivera L M - - 1982
Full-term and preterm infants were studied to determine whether differences between capillary and venous hematocrit and hemoglobin values were detectable after the first week of life. Significant differences were shown to persist in both term and preterm infants into at least the third postnatal months. However, the differences were considerably ...
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