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Results 501 - 550 of 642
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James J R - - 1986
Bone mineral content of the forearm was measured by photon absorptiometry in 17 preterm infants at a postconceptional age of 40 weeks. Radiographs of the forearm were assessed by Koo's method and plasma alkaline phosphatase activity was also measured at this time. Bone mineral content was significantly but weakly correlated ...
Birenbaum E - - 1986
A full-term newborn infant with severe subcutaneous emphysema of the skull as a complication of vacuum extraction and scalp electrode wound is reported. We hypothesize that detachment of subcutaneous tissue and transmission of the negative pressure associated with the vacuum extraction resulted in entry of air through the scalp electrode ...
Cassio A - - 1986
Capillary blood samples on filter paper were assayed by means of an RIA method (Kit Nichols Institute USA) from 1096 newborns divided into full term, preterm and small-for-date infants. The somatomedin-C (Sm-C) mean value, which did not differ in the three groups, was 0.15 +/- 0.09 IU/ml. One hundred and ...
King R A - - 1986
The postnatal development of insulin secretion was studied in a group of premature infants (26-30 weeks gestation at birth) for periods up to 110 days after birth and in a small group of full-term infants (38-42 weeks gestation) for up to 47 days after birth. Circulating insulin levels were measured ...
Kaga K - - 1986
Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and behavioural thresholds were studied in 25 pre-term infants with post-conceptional ages of approximately 40 weeks to ascertain whether there were differences in the ABR between normal preterm and full-term new born infants to compare behavioural thresholds around 40 weeks of post-conceptional age and to follow ...
Medoff-Cooper B - - 1986
This project compared the temperament of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants to that of full-term infants at 6 and 12 months of age, assessed patterns of change in temperament from 6 to 12 months, and investigated effects of the neonatal experience on manifestations of temperament in VLBW babies. The ...
Swartz K R - - 1986
Long-term follow-up of children with gastroschisis has been made possible by the increased survival of these infants over the past 20 years. We have observed that children with isolated gastroschisis defects exhibit normal growth and development beyond 5 years of age without significant bowel sequelae. Infants with gastroschisis with concomitant ...
Gillam G L - - 1986
A case is described of an infant who at 5 days of age developed an echovirus 11 infection with hepatic failure and intractable ascites, refractory to medical treatment. The ascites was successfully controlled with a peritoneo-venous (Le Veen) shunt inserted at 6 weeks of age. The shunt was subsequently removed ...
Stern M - - 1986
The possibility that the self-fulfilling prophecy process can adversely affect the caregiving environment of premature infants was explored in this study. A portion of this process was investigated experimentally by assessing cognitive and behavioral reactions of 27 mothers to unfamiliar full-term infants who were labeled either full-term or premature. Infants ...
Ellingson R J - - 1986
Stroboscopic visual evoked potentials (SVEPs) and photic driving responses were recorded during the first week of life post term and at 4, 13, 26 and 52 weeks in normal full term, low risk premature, and Trisomy-21 infants. The age effect on SVEP P2 peak latency was significant (P less than ...
Sussmane J B - - 1986
Two cases of nonbacterial endocardial thrombi (NBET) on the atrial surface of the tricuspid valve in the full-term infant are presented. The pathophysiology and the events peculiar to the full-term infant that suggest susceptibility to this rare pathological phenomenon are reviewed. The difficulties in diagnosis and treatment are discussed.
Cox F - - 1986
Adherence of Candida albicans to buccal epithelial cells from full-term infants was significantly lower than adherence to epithelial cells from premature infants and healthy school-age children, until the full-term infants reached 5 days of age. Adherence in premature infants (gestational age 28-39 weeks) at birth was more than twice that ...
Bourguignon J P - - 1986
Dry blood spot immunoreactive trypsin was measured by radioimmunoassay in 84 preterm babies and in 65 full-term newborns studied daily from the first to the fifth day of life. In a control group of 3858 full-term newborns, trypsin concentrations at days 4-6 of life exhibited a log-normal pattern distribution, the ...
Pennachio J - - 1986
Near-death experience exhibits many attributes of mystical awareness. Assessing the mystical quality of psychedelic experience, Walter Pahnke identified a nine-category typology of mystical experience. It is used here to illustrate the mystical nature of near-death experience. The typology also describes the self-transformation which follows the mystical state of consciousness. Self-transformation ...
Lineham J D - - 1986
Longitudinal circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) were measured by radioimmunoassay after acid/ethanol extraction of serum or plasma in 44 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) premature infants, 7 small-for-gestational age (SGA) premature infants and 9 AGA full-term infants. The subjects were divided into cohorts with gestational age at birth 26-29 ...
Nakajima Y - - 1986
Cavum septi pellucidi (CSP) and cavum Vergae (CV) are frequently found in premature and mature neonates an autopsy. We examined 116 premature infants, 45 full-term neonates and 31 healthy 1-month-old infants to clarify the incidence of CSP and CV using cranial ultrasonography through anterior fontanelle. CSP was detected in 97% ...
Levin S - - 1986
The Development Quotient (D.Q.) was tested in 48 full term infants at the ages of 12-24 months who had been treated antenatally with Betamethasone to hasten pulmonary maturity. The results were compared with a control group of 100 normal full term infants of the same age. Although the two groups ...
Moragas A - - 1985
Perirenal brown adipose tissue was studied in 49 liveborn anencephalic infants of appropriate weight, whose lifespan ranged from 2 hours to 6 days. An additional series of 187 full-term infants was used as control. Morphological evidence of active and marked BAT lipolysis was found in large number of anencephalic infants ...
Auconi P - - 1985
The molecular polymorphism and quantitative levels of serum vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) were ascertained in a group of preterm, full-term and hypocalcaemic full-term newborn infants. The serum concentration of DBP is not influenced by phenotype and increases with fetal age from the 32nd-33rd week of gestation until the 35th week ...
Piazza S F - - 1985
The difference between upper- vs lower-limb systolic blood pressure (BP) was investigated in 100 normal full-term newborns younger than 24 hours of age by the oscillometric method. The mean systolic BP of both upper limbs was 72.3 +/- 7.6 mm Hg (mean +/- SD). The mean +/- SD systolic BP ...
Bozzola M - - 1985
Thymidine Activity (TA) was measured by the effect of serum upon incorporation of 3H-thymidine into human lectin-activated lymphocytes in 54 newborns: 32 full-term, 11 pre-term and 11 with intra-uterine growth retardation (IGR). Capillary blood was collected at 0-6 hours, with routine samplings. TA values were lower in preterm (0.476 +/- ...
Sakata H - - 1985
Development of faecal flora was studied in seven very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, who were fed on human milk and whose birth weights ranged from 810-1350 g. The intestine of the VLBW infants was first colonised by enterobacteria and streptococci, as it was in full-term infants. VLBW infants differed, ...
Linn P L - - 1985
Animal studies and studies with human full-term infants suggest that the stimulation present in utero affects postnatal preferences and levels of response. The premature infant does not necessarily benefit from a re-creation of the in utero environment. Each aspect of the in utero environment should be assessed independently as a ...
Mimouni F - - 1985
Spleen tip size was determined in 470 full-term appropriate-for-gestational-age infants within the first 24 hours of life. The spleen was palpable in 17.9 percent of them. It was palpated less than 1 cm below the costal margin in 11.7 percent, between 1 and 2 cm in 3.6 percent, and 2 ...
Minde K - - 1985
The contribution of past psychological experiences of the mother and medical complications of the infant to differences in caretaking of pre- and full-term infants are examined. Twenty full- and 20 pre-term matched mother-infant dyads were studied during a feed and play 1, 2 and 3 months after the expected date ...
Salamy A - - 1985
Average auditory brain-stem responses (ABRs) evoked by left and right ear stimulation of varying intensities were recorded from ipsilateral and contralateral scalp placements in human neonates. Subjects included pre-term infants, healthy full-term infants and high risk, full-term infants. Pre-term infants were classified into 4 age groups ranging from 29 to ...
Cremin B J - - 1985
Full-term as well as preterm infants are liable to cerebral haemorrhage. Not all paediatricians are aware of this, but the availability of ultrasound in many general hospitals which have paediatric beds is alerting them to this possibility. This account draws on a two-year experience at a paediatric institute to which ...
Zanardo V - - 1985
The serum activity of SGOT and SGPT is one of the more specific parameters of liver cell injury both in adults and in the pediatric age-group. The determination of serum transaminase activity could offer a routine and rapid laboratory test for establishing the presence of hepatic cellular damage following intrauterine ...
Levinsky H - - 1985
Sialic acid was determined in newborn and maternal lymphocytes immediately after preterm deliveries of 34 and 35 weeks of gestation. The results were compared with those found in full-term deliveries. In contrast with full-term deliveries, in preterm deliveries a significant increase in sialic acid in maternal as compared to newborn ...
Scott-Emuakpor A B - - 1985
In order to determine the limits of physiological anemia in the African neonate, the hematological values of 402 healthy neonates were determined. It was observed that although the African neonate had much lower hematological values at birth when compared with their North American and European counterparts, the eventual nadir reached ...
Heinonen K - - 1985
A representative sample (N = 120, 96%) of all pre-term (gestational age less than or equal to 36 weeks) infants born alive to mothers resident in the province of Kuopio, Finland, during a two year period, were studied at birth to evaluate the signs of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Norms ...
Hilali M M - - 1984
Plasminogen in full term newborn infants has been measured by functional and immunological assays. Plasminogen functional activity and antigen concentration in newborn infants were about 44% and 48% of adult values respectively. Physiological activation kinetics of plasminogen in undiluted plasma at pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C using various concentrations ...
Aizad T - - 1984
To determine the effect of a single breath of 100% O2 on ventilation, 10 full-term [body wt 3,360 +/- 110 (SE) g, gestational age 39 +/- 0.4 wk, postnatal age 3 +/- 0.6 days] and 10 preterm neonates (body wt 2,020 +/- 60 g, gestational age 34 +/- 2 wk, ...
de v Heese H - - 1984
A prospective study to determine the prevalence rates of rickets, as determined by clinical, biochemical and radiological examinations performed at the age of 12 months in preterm infants of low birth weight and full-term control infants of mothers in lower socio-economic classes, was carried out. Clinical rickets was suspected in ...
Mushin J - - 1984
The use of a Xenon discharge stroboscope to elicit VERs in a neonatal intensive care unit has several disadvantages. To overcome these a photostimulator has been developed which consists of an array of 25 red light emitting diodes (LEDs). The LEDs are driven by pulses of fixed length and current ...
Hayward C - - 1984
Transfontanellar ultrasound scans were performed on 96 term infants admitted to a special care baby unit. Thirty infants had abnormal scans; abnormalities detected included intracranial haemorrhage, hydrocephalus and fluid collections. Intracranial haemorrhage is less common in term than in pre-term infants but is generally associated with a worse prognosis. Clinically ...
Friel J K - - 1984
During a longitudinal study, hair samples and dietary intake data were collected from 50 pre-term (mean birth weight = 1054 +/- 234 g, mean gestational age = 29 +/- 2.5 weeks) and 60 full-term infants (mean birth weight = 3509 +/- 269 g, mean gestational age = 40 +/- 1 ...
Muhiudeen H A - - 1984
A carefully selected sample of 18 3-day-old full term neonates was videotaped in 3 different positions. The time of taping was controlled for feed interval. These tapes were then analysed for state and posture using a frame by frame facility. Seventy one separate postures were documented and the existence of ...
Guerrasio A - - 1984
Both the known polymorphisms of human Hb-F have been investigated here. Two similar groups of full-term newborns have been considered: pure F-globin has been studied by suitable fingerprinting techniques in the first group, while isoelectrofocusing techniques have been employed in the second. The results clearly indicate that G/A gamma polymorphism ...
Ruff H A - - 1984
Because manipulative exploration of objects may be important to the infant's perception and conceptualization of objects, this study compared full-term infants with preterm infants who are considered to be at risk for cognitive deficits. 30 preterms at 9 months, with age corrected for prematurity, and 20 9-month-old full-terms were videotaped ...
Ousey J C - - 1984
The status of the mare and foetus in relation to readiness for birth was assessed by measurement of the electrolytes sodium, potassium and calcium in mammary secretions pre-partum. Sixteen Thoroughbred mares were allowed to foal spontaneously and the ionic status of their mammary secretions was measured over three to five ...
Little A H - - 1984
Independent groups of 10-,20-, and 30-day-old infants were subjected to a classical eyelid conditioning procedure involving either a 500- or a 1500-msec interstimulus interval (ISI). Ten days later, all received a second conditioning session. A reliable increase in conditioned responding was observed at all ages but only by infants receiving ...
Schwartz G J - - 1984
An estimate of glomerular filtration rate has been derived for children from body length (L, in centimeters) and plasma creatinine (Pcr, in milligrams per deciliter): GFR = 0.55 L/Pcr. The near universality of this estimate in children led us to seek a similar formula for estimating GFR in full-term infants ...
McLaughlin S A - - 1984
The relationship between religion and near-death experiencers (NDEs) was examined by interviewing 40 near-death experiences who were given a series of instruments to measure religious orientation and religious change. No relationship was found between religious orientation prior to the NDE and the depth of the NDE. However, a significant correlation ...
Fukaya T - - 1984
Serum prolactin and estradiol-17 beta levels were determined in umbilical cord sera obtained from 33 preterm, 118 full-term and 11 anencephalic infants and in peripheral sera obtained from 5 neonates. Prolactin levels increased from mid-gestation toward term, and markedly decreased after birth. Those in anencephalic infants (253 +/- 86 ng/ml, ...
Begeot M - - 1984
The presence of lactotropes in pituitaries removed from 15 normal fetuses, 1 normal premature infant, 3 normal infants, and 7 anencephalic fetuses or infants was studied by immunocytochemistry. These cells were first detected in normal fetuses at 18 weeks of gestation in both sexes. After 22 weeks of gestation, the ...
Merlob P - - 1984
To define standards for lower limb measurements in the newborn, 198 full-term and preterm infants (range, 27 to 41 gestational weeks) were examined. The gestational age was determined chronologically and clinically, and the total length of the lower limb and the leg and foot lengths were measured by two observers ...
Curzi-Dascalova L - - 1984
We studied the occurrence of greater than or equal to 2 sec. respiratory pauses (RP) in very low risk, normal prematurely born infants (less than or equal to 36 wks. of gestation), recorded when they reached 37-40 wks. conceptional age and compared the results with those of full-term (37-41 wks. ...
Wandrup J - - 1984
The concentration of free calcium ions (cCa2+), and pH was measured in 200 full-term infants aged 5-130 h and in 50 healthy adults aged 18-60 years with a new semi-automatic electrode system (ICA 1 Radiometer, Copenhagen) in 110 microliter capillary whole blood. The blood was obtained anaerobically by heel puncture ...
Marino L R - - 1984
A 1-h basal collection of gastric secretions was taken from 14 healthy full-term infants (group I) and 10 premature infants (group II). Simultaneously, acid and intrinsic factor (IF) secretion was measured. In an additional group of 19 full-term infants (group III), 16 had IF detectable in their gastric secretions immediately ...
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