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Results 501 - 550 of 673
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Eggermont J J - - 1988
Auditory brain stem responses were recorded in full term infants (N = 465) and in unselected preterm infants (N = 178) who were tested in, respectively, 10 and 12 age groups from birth until 5 yr. The latencies of waves I and V as well as the wave I-wave V ...
Cox R M - - 1988
For 30 male and 30 female talkers, distributions of short-term rms speech levels, relative to the corresponding long-term rms levels, were determined in each of eight 1/3-oct bands for six short-term measurement intervals. Consecutive, Hanning-windowed, 20-ms time records were combined to produce nominal measurement intervals ranging from 20 to 120 ...
Andersson T R - - 1988
The coagulation inhibitors heparin cofactor II (HC II), antithrombin (AT) and protein C (PC) were measured in healthy term and preterm infants in order to establish reference standards. The mean value for HC II in term infants was found to be about half of the adult values. Values below 25% ...
Gravel J S - - 1988
A group of 46 high-risk infants (graduates of a neonatal intensive care unit) and 19 full-term infants were observed prospectively for middle ear status beginning at 40 weeks' postconceptional age. All infants were born to families living in low socioeconomic urban neighborhoods. Pneumootoscopy was used to determine the presence or ...
Wandrup J - - 1988
Reference values for ionized calcium were measured in anaerobic samples of capillary blood from 22 healthy premature neonates, gestational age 33-36 weeks, birth weight 1660-2480 g. Reference values (mean +/- 2SE) for premature neonates aged 5-12, 13-19, 25-48, 51-72, 77-99, 108-140, 150-185 h were: 1.21 +/- 0.16, 1.17 +/- 0.12, ...
Vles J S - - 1988
Although body posture in pre-term infants is generally studied to describe developmental aspects, no consensus exists in literature about the influence of head position and head position change upon body posture in pre-term infants. In a weekly assessed longitudinal study of 15 healthy pre-term infants we extensively observed and analysed ...
Jacobson B E - - 1988
We describe the development of a direct method for determination of selenium in serum by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry with deuterium background correction. We include palladium modifier to stabilize selenium in the presence of a strong reducing agent. Spectral interferences from iron are not evident in this system. Because an ...
Eggermont J J - - 1988
Since maturation of ABR amplitude and latency in principle are dependent on innate as well as environmental factors and the health of the infant, it is conceivable that prematurely born infants show a maturation profile that is different from that of full term infants. In order to unequivocally address this ...
Martikainen M A - - 1988
The aim of this prospective study was to examine the effect of maternal hypertension on the neurological condition of the newborn infant. Of the babies born between April 1984 and March 1986, 54 preterm, 151 full-term AGA and 24 full-term SGA neonates with maternal hypertension were compared, respectively, with 128 ...
Riese M L - - 1988
Temperament stability over successive ages in the first 2 years of life was evaluated for 109 full-term and 81 preterm infants who were assessed at 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months. At each age, the infant was engaged in a series of age-appropriate vignettes in the laboratory, using a ...
Adamson I - - 1988
Pepsin and its multiple molecular forms have been studied in pre-term and post-term Nigerian infants. The levels of total enzyme activity and acidity were lower in the pre-term infants when compared to term and post-term infants. Resolutions of the various species by ion-exchange chromatography and electrophoresis revealed that the development ...
Robine N - - 1988
Cellular material found in urinary sediment stems essentially from exfoliated cells of the vesical triangle whose morphology is under the influence of the sex hormones. The study of cellular modifications forms the basis of a cytological procedure--the urocytogram. The urocytograms of 103 newborns, both premature and full term, made in ...
Sulyok E E County Children's Hospital, - - 1989
Blood spot 17OH-P concentrations were determined in 14 healthy premature (mean birthweight 1439 g, mean gestational age 30 weeks) and full-term newborn infants (mean birthweight 3532 g, mean gestational age 39.2 weeks) during the first five weeks of life to provide reference data for infants with various gestational and postnatal ...
Edwards S - - 1987
It was proposed that the greater time taken to dismiss intrusive compared with neutral thoughts is better explained in terms of a decreased ability to disattend to the intrusive thought than a decreased ability to access a more pleasant replacement thought. A study of 43 subjects with 'normal obsessions' using ...
Callegari C - - 1987
To provide normative data, we measured anogenital distances in 115 infants of 25 to 42 weeks gestational age and 10 pregnant women, including anus to fourchette (AF), anus to base of the clitoris (AC), and fourchette to base of the clitoris (FC). All infant measurements showed positive and significant correlations ...
Gleeson M - - 1987
The ontogeny patterns of IgD in saliva were studied prospectively in 27 healthy full-term infants. The concentrations and the proportion of samples with detectable levels of IgD were higher near birth. After 6 months of age IgD was rarely detected in saliva. There was an inverse association between the detection ...
Andrew M - - 1987
The investigation of many hemostatic defects in the newborn is limited by the lack of normal reference values. This study was designed to determine the postnatal development of the human coagulation system in the healthy full-term infant. Consecutive mothers of healthy full-term infants born at St Joseph's Hospital in the ...
Romagnoli C - - 1987
During the first week of life serum calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, immunoreactive thyrocalcitonin hormone, and parathyroid hormone concentrations were determined daily in 36 preterm and 29 small for gestational age, full term, healthy infants. Preterm babies with early neonatal hypocalcaemia had significantly higher concentrations of serum thyrocalcitonin hormone in the first ...
Hoffman H S - - 1987
In human adults the eyeblink elicited by a given stimulus can be inhibited if that stimulus is preceded by another stimulus at an appropriate lead interval. In the present work, pairs of eyeblink-eliciting stimuli separated by 300-1200 msec were presented to sleeping preterm and full-term infants as well as to ...
Kilpatrick D C - - 1987
Full HLA-A, B and DR types were obtained for 22 families (mothers, fathers and neonates) associated with severe (proteinuric) pre-eclampsia, 21 families associated with mild pre-eclampsia, and 132 families associated with normal pregnancies. There was an increased frequency of DR4 (relative risk 3.6: p less than 0.003, uncorrected) in both ...
Zlotkin S H - - 1987
We measured the concentrations of total protein and albumin in sera of 281 well-fed premature infants, gestational ages 22-36 weeks, and calculated reference values from the 10th to 90th percentiles. The mean serum albumin concentration (27.6 +/- 4.4 g/L, mean +/- SD) and total protein concentration (49.2 +/- 6.7 g/L) ...
Reid R I - - 1987
Urine specimens were obtained from 98 runners before and immediately after running a half (21 km) or full (42 km) marathon. Specimens were examined for the presence of proteinuria, haematuria and whether the erythrocytes were normomorphic or dysmorphic as determined by phase contrast microscopy. Proteinuria occurred in 35% of those ...
Lucas A - - 1987
The multiplicity of dietary regimes available for low birthweight infants is a measure of clinical uncertainty in this field. The reasons for this persisting uncertainty are analysed: few studies have examined whether early diet matters in terms of clinical outcome; instead, management decisions have been based on short-term 'physiological' studies ...
Abdul Ghani N - - 1987
The leaves of the shrub Catha edulis (khat) are widely chewed as part of social life in several countries around the Red Sea and in East Africa. The leaves possess stimulant properties and are also used by pregnant women. The effect of khat on birth-weight has been studied, It was ...
Davis D H - - 1987
Nine premature and 28 full-term infants were observed in their homes for 7 hr when they were 2, 3, 4, and 5 weeks post-term, and the sleeping and waking states displayed by these infants were compared. For these comparisons, the observation day was divided into two mutually exclusive contexts: times ...
Miler I - - 1987
Using cadmium microcrystals saturated with human serum albumin as particles for the phagocytic assay, the phagocytic activity of peripheral blood glass-adherent leucocytes of 32 preterm infants, 15 small-for-date newborns, 14 term newborns with perinatal asphyxia and 27 term newborns of diabetic mothers was compared with healthy term newborns and normal ...
Szabó T T Department of Pediatrics, University Medical School, Debrecen, - - 1987
Serum ceruloplasmin activity in full term and premature neonates was measured on the first day of life. Preterm newborns were born more than 24 hours after antenatal corticosteroid treatment, had enzyme activity equivalent to that of the full term babies. Little or no ceruloplasmin activity was found in those prematures ...
Pettigrew A G - - 1986
Brainstem auditory evoked responses were recorded in 117 pre-term and 71 full-term infants from the general population of infants born at a referral obstetric unit. The threshold intensity required to evoke a reliable BAER was determined at different post-menstrual ages (PMAs) and in many cases at follow-up clinics. The BAER ...
Ruff H A - - 1986
Preterm infants at 7 months, corrected age, and 7-month-old full-term infants were videotaped while they played with a series of novel objects for a minute apiece. Each infant's videotape was scored for duration of examining (focused visual inspection), duration of mouthing, and duration of slapping or banging the objects. Full-term ...
Beydoun S N - - 1986
The maternal and fetal outcomes of 70 consecutive singleton pregnancies with prolonged premature rupture of the membranes before 28 weeks, which were managed expectantly, were evaluated; 58.6% of the mothers developed chorioamnionitis and 13% postpartum endomyometritis. No long-term maternal sequelae were noted. None of the 22 infants born before 25 ...
Berry J - - 1986
Bloodspot 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, plasma cortisol, plasma sodium and urinary 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, cortisol, sodium and creatinine levels were determined in 24 term and 32 pre-term infants on the third, eighth and fourteenth days of life. Pre-term infants, whether 'well' or 'sick', had significantly raised bloodspot 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone levels (up to 158 ...
James J R - - 1986
Bone mineral content of the forearm was measured by photon absorptiometry in 17 preterm infants at a postconceptional age of 40 weeks. Radiographs of the forearm were assessed by Koo's method and plasma alkaline phosphatase activity was also measured at this time. Bone mineral content was significantly but weakly correlated ...
Birenbaum E - - 1986
A full-term newborn infant with severe subcutaneous emphysema of the skull as a complication of vacuum extraction and scalp electrode wound is reported. We hypothesize that detachment of subcutaneous tissue and transmission of the negative pressure associated with the vacuum extraction resulted in entry of air through the scalp electrode ...
Cassio A - - 1986
Capillary blood samples on filter paper were assayed by means of an RIA method (Kit Nichols Institute USA) from 1096 newborns divided into full term, preterm and small-for-date infants. The somatomedin-C (Sm-C) mean value, which did not differ in the three groups, was 0.15 +/- 0.09 IU/ml. One hundred and ...
King R A - - 1986
The postnatal development of insulin secretion was studied in a group of premature infants (26-30 weeks gestation at birth) for periods up to 110 days after birth and in a small group of full-term infants (38-42 weeks gestation) for up to 47 days after birth. Circulating insulin levels were measured ...
Kaga K - - 1986
Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and behavioural thresholds were studied in 25 pre-term infants with post-conceptional ages of approximately 40 weeks to ascertain whether there were differences in the ABR between normal preterm and full-term new born infants to compare behavioural thresholds around 40 weeks of post-conceptional age and to follow ...
Medoff-Cooper B - - 1986
This project compared the temperament of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants to that of full-term infants at 6 and 12 months of age, assessed patterns of change in temperament from 6 to 12 months, and investigated effects of the neonatal experience on manifestations of temperament in VLBW babies. The ...
Swartz K R - - 1986
Long-term follow-up of children with gastroschisis has been made possible by the increased survival of these infants over the past 20 years. We have observed that children with isolated gastroschisis defects exhibit normal growth and development beyond 5 years of age without significant bowel sequelae. Infants with gastroschisis with concomitant ...
Gillam G L - - 1986
A case is described of an infant who at 5 days of age developed an echovirus 11 infection with hepatic failure and intractable ascites, refractory to medical treatment. The ascites was successfully controlled with a peritoneo-venous (Le Veen) shunt inserted at 6 weeks of age. The shunt was subsequently removed ...
Stern M - - 1986
The possibility that the self-fulfilling prophecy process can adversely affect the caregiving environment of premature infants was explored in this study. A portion of this process was investigated experimentally by assessing cognitive and behavioral reactions of 27 mothers to unfamiliar full-term infants who were labeled either full-term or premature. Infants ...
Ellingson R J - - 1986
Stroboscopic visual evoked potentials (SVEPs) and photic driving responses were recorded during the first week of life post term and at 4, 13, 26 and 52 weeks in normal full term, low risk premature, and Trisomy-21 infants. The age effect on SVEP P2 peak latency was significant (P less than ...
Sussmane J B - - 1986
Two cases of nonbacterial endocardial thrombi (NBET) on the atrial surface of the tricuspid valve in the full-term infant are presented. The pathophysiology and the events peculiar to the full-term infant that suggest susceptibility to this rare pathological phenomenon are reviewed. The difficulties in diagnosis and treatment are discussed.
Cox F - - 1986
Adherence of Candida albicans to buccal epithelial cells from full-term infants was significantly lower than adherence to epithelial cells from premature infants and healthy school-age children, until the full-term infants reached 5 days of age. Adherence in premature infants (gestational age 28-39 weeks) at birth was more than twice that ...
Bourguignon J P - - 1986
Dry blood spot immunoreactive trypsin was measured by radioimmunoassay in 84 preterm babies and in 65 full-term newborns studied daily from the first to the fifth day of life. In a control group of 3858 full-term newborns, trypsin concentrations at days 4-6 of life exhibited a log-normal pattern distribution, the ...
Pennachio J - - 1986
Near-death experience exhibits many attributes of mystical awareness. Assessing the mystical quality of psychedelic experience, Walter Pahnke identified a nine-category typology of mystical experience. It is used here to illustrate the mystical nature of near-death experience. The typology also describes the self-transformation which follows the mystical state of consciousness. Self-transformation ...
Lineham J D - - 1986
Longitudinal circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) were measured by radioimmunoassay after acid/ethanol extraction of serum or plasma in 44 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) premature infants, 7 small-for-gestational age (SGA) premature infants and 9 AGA full-term infants. The subjects were divided into cohorts with gestational age at birth 26-29 ...
Nakajima Y - - 1986
Cavum septi pellucidi (CSP) and cavum Vergae (CV) are frequently found in premature and mature neonates an autopsy. We examined 116 premature infants, 45 full-term neonates and 31 healthy 1-month-old infants to clarify the incidence of CSP and CV using cranial ultrasonography through anterior fontanelle. CSP was detected in 97% ...
Levin S - - 1986
The Development Quotient (D.Q.) was tested in 48 full term infants at the ages of 12-24 months who had been treated antenatally with Betamethasone to hasten pulmonary maturity. The results were compared with a control group of 100 normal full term infants of the same age. Although the two groups ...
Moragas A - - 1985
Perirenal brown adipose tissue was studied in 49 liveborn anencephalic infants of appropriate weight, whose lifespan ranged from 2 hours to 6 days. An additional series of 187 full-term infants was used as control. Morphological evidence of active and marked BAT lipolysis was found in large number of anencephalic infants ...
Auconi P - - 1985
The molecular polymorphism and quantitative levels of serum vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) were ascertained in a group of preterm, full-term and hypocalcaemic full-term newborn infants. The serum concentration of DBP is not influenced by phenotype and increases with fetal age from the 32nd-33rd week of gestation until the 35th week ...
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