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Dammann Olaf O 1] Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [2] Division of Newborn Medicine, Department of Neurology, Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center,, Boston, Massachusetts [3] Perinatal Neuroepidemiology Unit, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
Exposure to perinatal infection and inflammation is associated with an increased risk for neonatal brain damage and developmental disabilities. In this integrated mechanism review, we discuss evidence in support of the contention that the preterm newborn is capable of intermittent or sustained systemic inflammation (ISSI), which appears to contribute more ...
Sampaio Adriana A School of Psychology, University of - - 2014
This article is about the neural correlates of infant mental health and their correspondences to social emotional development. These correspondences are organized in terms of the definition of infant mental provided by Zero to Three (2001), centered on infants' capacities regarding the experience and expression of emotions, interpersonal relationships, and ...
Bakker Marta M Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Sweden - - 2014
EEG was recorded while infants observe congruent or incongruent grasping actions at the age when organized grasping first emerges (4 to 6 months of age). We demonstrate that the event-related potential component P400 encodes the congruency of power grasps at the age of 6 months (Experiment 1) and in 5-month-old ...
Moutsiana Christina C Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, - - 2014
The quality of the early environment is hypothesized to be an influence on morphological development in key neural areas related to affective responding, but direct evidence to support this possibility is limited. In a 22-year longitudinal study, we examined hippocampal and amygdala volumes in adulthood in relation to early infant ...
Saxton Anne A Southern Cross University, Coolangatta, Queensland, - - 2014
The importance of optimising maternal/baby psychophysiology has been integrated into contemporary midwifery theories but not in the detail required to really understand the underpinning biological basis. The functioning of the autonomic nervous system, as it relates to the uterus is reviewed. The physiology of myometrial cell contraction and relaxation is ...
Jensen David - - 2014
What role does birth play in the debate about elective abortion? Does the wrongness of infanticide imply the wrongness of late-term abortion? In this paper, I argue that the same or similar factors that make birth morally significant with regard to abortion make meaningful viability morally significant due to the ...
Haram Kjell K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital , Bergen , Norway - - 2014
Abstract The central rationale of tocolysis for preterm labor (PTL) is to delay delivery for at least 48 h to allow for transfer of the mother to a tertiary facility and for corticosteroids to induce surfactant production in fetal lungs. Beta-mimetics decrease the number of women in preterm labor giving birth ...
Ito Yasuo Y Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, International University of Health and Welfare, Atami Hospital, 13-1 Higashikaiganncho, Atami 413-0012, - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review was to critically examine the existing literature regarding the effectiveness of tongue-tie division in infants with ankyloglossia by the new rating system of GRADE (Grades of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation). A clinical question was structured according to PICO (Patient, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome) ...
Christensen Robert D RD Department of Women and Newborns, Intermountain - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To create reference intervals for red blood cell distribution width (RDW) of neonates and to use these intervals to better understand and classify hematopathology of neonates. Study Design: This was a retrospective analysis of data from neonates born between 1/1/2001 and 12/31/2011 who had a CBC in the ...
Hutton Eileen K EK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Department of Midwifery Science, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Midwifery Education Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, MDCL 2210, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4 K1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) is common and associated with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Other consequences of meconium passage before birth are less well understood. We reviewed the literature for original papers reporting on outcomes associated with MSAF. Among preterm infants MSAF is more prevalent than previously believed and is ...
Vose Linnea R LR Department of Pediatrics, Cell Biology and Anatomy, Valhalla, - - 2014
Prenatal glucocorticoids (GCs) are routinely used for pregnant women in preterm labor to prevent respiratory distress syndrome and intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants. However, the effect of antenatal GCs on neurogenesis in preterm neonates remains elusive. Herein, we hypothesized that prenatal GCs might suppress both glutamatergic and GABAergic neurogenesis in ...
Charles E E St Georges Medical School, , London, - - 2014
Neonatal organ donation does not occur in the UK. Unlike in other European countries, Australasia and the USA death verification/certification standards effectively prohibit use of neurological criteria for diagnosing death in infants between 37 weeks' gestation and 2 months of age and therefore donation after neurological determination of death. Neonatal ...
Hashim Peter W PW From the Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Metopic synostosis represents an increasingly prevalent form of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. Premature fusion of the metopic suture classically results in trigonocephaly, hypotelorism, temporal narrowing, and a pronounced midline forehead ridge. However, as varying degrees of skull deformity exist, there is confusion regarding the appropriate management for an infant with a metopic ...
Yarnoff Benjamin O BO Public Health Economics Program, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, - - 2014
Research has been plentiful to show pediatricians and public health practitioners the importance of exclusive breastfeeding for infant health. However, this past research is lacking in a few ways that are important for pediatricians and public health practitioners: it rarely examines broad geographies, and so cannot be generalized for different ...
Lee D H - - 2014
Teratoma is the most common germ cell tumour in childhood. Teratoma typically arises in the sacrococcygeal region, gonads and mediastinum. The head and neck region is seldom involved. Teratomas of the neck region represent one of the most unusual causes of respiratory distress during the neonatal period. We present a ...
Wanrooij Karin K Amsterdam Center for Language and Communication, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Distributional learning of speech sounds (i.e., learning from simple exposure to frequency distributions of speech sounds in the environment) has been observed in the lab repeatedly in both infants and adults. The current study is the first attempt to examine whether the capacity for using the mechanism is different in ...
Tanaka Yukari Y 1] Graduate school of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan [2] Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, - - 2014
Social learning in infancy is known to be facilitated by multimodal (e.g., visual, tactile, and verbal) cues provided by caregivers. In parallel with infants' development, recent research has revealed that maternal neural activity is altered through interaction with infants, for instance, to be sensitive to infant-directed speech (IDS). The present ...
Maisels M Jeffrey - - 2013
Newborn phototherapy has been associated with some potentially serious acute and late dermatologic changes (1-4) and there are anecdotal reports of macular rashes (5), erythema (6,7) and tanning (8,9) in some infants. But until recently, there has not been a single systematic study of the putative association between phototherapy and ...
Bard Kim A - - 2013
Communicative skills of chimpanzees are of significant interest across many domains, such as developmental psychology (how does communication emerge in prelinguistic beings?), evolution (e.g., did human language evolve from primate gestures?), and in comparative psychology (how does the nonverbal communication of chimpanzees and humans compare?). Here we ask about how ...
Wilcox Teresa - - 2013
Behavioral studies have identified select experiences that can prime infants to attend to color information as the basis for individuating objects prior to the time they do so spontaneously. For example, viewing pretest events in which the color of an object predicts the function in which it will engage leads ...
Dani Carlo - - 2013
We aimed to assess the current knowledge on continuous versus intermittent bolus feeding in preterm infants. We found that existing evidence does not support the firm recommendation of one strategy among the many alternatives. However, although many areas remain to be investigated, it is probable that continuous feeding might be ...
Prencipe Giusi G Laboratory of Rheumatology, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Roma, - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among premature infants. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that has been implicated in the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel diseases. The MIF promoter contains a functionally relevant single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) G→C at position -173, with ...
Cacchione Trix - - 2013
One of the most fundamental achievements in infants' cognitive development is their appreciation that material objects exist permanently in space and time. Recent findings suggest that infants fail to identify fragmented material objects as continuously existing items. Four experiments assessed 8-12-month-old infants' ability to further represent an object that was ...
Manninen Bertha Alvarez - - 2013
In their paper 'After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?' Alberto Giubilini and Francesca Minerva argue that because there are no significant differences between a fetus and a neonate, in that neither possess sufficiently robust mental traits to qualify as persons, a neonate may be justifiably killed for any reason ...
Wrigley Anthony - - 2013
Two notable limitations exist on the use of personhood arguments in establishing moral status. Firstly, although the attribution of personhood may give us sufficient reason to grant something moral status, it is not a necessary condition. Secondly, even if a person is that which has the 'highest' moral status, this ...
Kooi Elisabeth M W - - 2013
Background: Preterm infants with signs of poor perfusion are often treated with volume expansion, although evidence regarding its effect on cerebral perfusion is lacking. Moreover, the effect is questionable in preterm infants with an adequate cerebrovascular autoregulation (CAR). A useful measure to assess perfusion is cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction ...
Carpenter Malinda - - 2013
Most previous research on imitation in infancy has focused on infants' learning of instrumental actions on objects. This study focused instead on the more social side of imitation, testing whether being mimicked increases prosocial behavior in infants, as it does in adults (van Baaren, Holland, Kawakami, & van Knippenberg, 2004). ...
Cherian S - - 2013
Despite being the most widely used and vital therapy in neonatology, optimal strategies for the use of oxygen in preterm infants remain controversial. Achieving the balance between attaining adequate tissue oxygenation and avoiding oxygen toxicity is challenging. There remains a paucity of clear evidence based guidance for clinicians on safe ...
Geary Erin - - 2013
Infants exposed to absent or reversed end-diastolic flow (ARE DF) in utero may be at an increased risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). This article reviews placental function and the development of ARE DF. Studies examining the relationship between AREDF and NEC are reviewed, yet research remains inconclusive regarding this ...
Bragg J J - - 2013
To determine the association between early enteral feeding and the incidence of hypoglycemia in SGA neonates. A retrospective review to evaluate the association of hypoglycemia and early enteral feeding was performed. Eligible patients were born full-term between 1/1/2008-7/1/2011 and classified as SGA (birth weight <10th percentile). We collected the first ...
Arora Kamaldeep - - 2012
A term male infant born by normal vaginal delivery was diagnosed to have holoprosencephaly on antenatal ultrasound, which was confirmed by postnatal MRI as alobar holoprosencephaly figure). Clinical examination revealed no microcephaly or dysmorphism, except flat nasal bridge.
Brownell Elizabeth A EA Division of Neonatology, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT 06106, USA. - - 2013
This study evaluated the effect of immediate postpartum depot medroxyprogesterone (DMPA) on breastfeeding cessation within 6 weeks postpartum. At low-income-serving obstetric and pediatric clinics, eligible mothers within 1 year postpartum were recruited to participate in a retrospective cohort study. The 183 participants completed a self-administered survey. Surveys were merged with ...
Belshaw Christopher - - 2012
What is harm? I offer an account that involves the victim's either suffering some adverse intrinsic change or being prevented from enjoying some beneficial intrinsic change. No one is harmed, I claim, in virtue of relational changes alone. Thus (excepting for contrived cases), there are neither posthumous harms nor, in ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
Although the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants has been characterized by significant progress in recent years, it is difficult to translate the research results into clinical practice. Previous surveys have demonstrated that in some areas, the current management of RDS does not reflect evidence from randomized ...
Flacking Renée R Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2012
In this paper, we highlight the need for acknowledging the importance and impact of both physical and emotional closeness between the preterm infant and parent in the neonatal intensive care unit. Physical closeness refers to being spatially close and emotional closeness to parental feelings of being emotionally connected to the ...
Stoffan Alexander P - - 2012
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is an established and effective tool in the management of complicated abdominal wounds. This management approach has been used in infants, but few large series reports exist in the literature. The outcomes of infants with abdominal wounds receiving NPWT over the last 10 years at ...
Tuoni C - - 2012
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a method of providing care for preterm infants through skin-to-skin contact with the mother and, preferably, exclusive breastfeeding. The growing interest in KMC at the Neonatology Unit of Pisa has provided the occasion for a retrospective analysis of the last four years, comparing the clinical ...
Kho Uy Esther - - 2012
During 2003 and 2004, a multidisciplinary team at the Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, New York, successfully separated twin infants who presented with a total craniopagus vertical O'Connell type 1 conjoining. The twins underwent a series of four staged separation procedures over 10 months. The first three stages involved performing ...
Ravanfar Parisa - - 2012
Diaper dermatitis is the most common cutaneous diagnosis in infants. In this review, common causes of diaper dermatitis and similarly presenting conditions will be covered, as well as updates on treatments of common diaper dermatitides. There have been recent advancements in the treatment of diaper dermatitis. In addition, there are ...
Simpson Eric - - 2012
  Improving skin barrier function and moisturizing without irritation are important components of managing patients with atopic dermatitis. This study evaluated the safety and tolerability of a body wash and moisturizer regimen for infants and toddlers with atopic dermatitis. This was an open-label study involving 56 children (3-36 months old) with ...
Chan Rodney K - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Aplasia cutis congenita is failure of development of all layers of the skin. This condition most commonly affects the scalp and is typically an isolated finding. In rare instances, it can affect other anatomic sites and may be associated with syndromes or other causes. We discuss an infant born ...
Petersson Rajanya S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a Mayo Clinic pilot study in which newborn hearing screeners are trained to identify congenital auricular deformities, allowing for non-surgical correction with a simple splint initiated in the immediate neonatal period. METHODS: Newborn hearing screeners received education on evaluation of congenital auricular deformities. Ten infants with 19 ...
Johnson William - - 2012
Aim: To document the growth of Portuguese and Cape Verdean infants living in Greater Lisbon, Portugal according to the WHO 2006 Growth Standard. Subjects and methods: Mixed effects models were applied to serial weight, length, BMI, head circumference and triceps and subscapular skin-fold thickness data from 263 infants (134 Portuguese, ...
Mangan Shelora - - 2012
Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between mother and newborn immediately following birth has been shown to be beneficial in assisting newborn transition to extrauterine life and promoting maternal-infant attachment. The practice of immediate SSC also optimizes breastfeeding outcomes for women and their babies. SSC is known to facilitate initiation of breastfeeding within ...
Thukral Anu - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate if early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) improves breast-feeding (BF) behavior and exclusive BF (EBF) rates in term infants at 48 h of age. Methods: Term infants born by normal delivery were randomized at birth to either early SSC (n = 20) or conventional care (controls; n = 21). ...
Kobayashi Daisuke - - 2012
Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a rare histiocytic disorder of childhood mainly affecting skin and rarely deep soft tissues and viscera. We report a 2-month-old infant who presented with respiratory distress secondary to a large pericardial effusion associated with an epicardial mass. Excisional biopsy was performed and the mass was diagnosed as ...
Maastrup Ragnhild - - 2012
Background: The incidence of breastfeeding of preterm infants is affected by the support provided at the hospital and in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). However, policies and guidelines promoting breastfeeding vary both nationally and internationally.Objective: The aim of this survey was to describe breastfeeding support in Danish NICUs, where ...
Haxton Dawn - - 2012
Prolonged skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between mothers and newborns in the hour after birth is associated with physiologic and psychological benefits for both mothers and infants, yet this is not a standard practice at all birthing facilities. The purpose of the project described in this article was to implement SSC immediately ...
Celik Istemi Han - - 2012
  An infant was cleansed with 2% clorhexidine gluconate (CHG) because of repeated sepsis episodes from skin colonization. Asymptomatic hyperchloremia ensued, most likely associated with CHG therapy. Fourty-eight hours after CHG therapy withdrawal, serum chloride levels returned to normal. Hyperchloremia may be a reversible adverse effect of extensive use of ...
Hosseinpour Mehrdad - - 2012
The creation of a stoma on the abdomen and the need for appliance on the peristomal skin make this region vulnerable to inflammatory skin disorders. In this study, we introduce a novel protection with Acacia senegal and compare the protective effects of this barrier with zinc sulfate ointment. To examine ...
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