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Results 251 - 300 of 862
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Mosta-Fa B B - - 2005
The LC50 (78, 85 ppm) and LC90 (88, 135 ppm) of Anagalis arvensis and Calendula micrantha respectively against Biomphalaria alexandrina were higher than those of the non-target snails, Physa acuta, Planorbis planorbis, Helisoma duryi and Melanoides tuberculata. In contrast, the LC50 of Niclosamide (0.11 ppm) and Copper sulphate (CuSO4) (0.42 ...
Peretz Chava - - 2005
Clusters of Parkinson's disease (PD) among healthcare professionals have been interpreted as evidence of an infectious etiology. Anesthetic gases have also been associated with parkinsonism symptoms and PD among patients undergoing general anesthesia. We investigated PD mortality among large cohorts of male U.S. anesthesiologists (n = 33,040) and internal medicine ...
Hosseinpoor Ahmad Reza - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To measure the socioeconomic inequality in infant mortality in Iran (the Islamic Republic of Iran). METHODS: We analysed data from the provincially representative Demographic and Health Survey, which was done in Iran in 2000. We used a dichotomous hierarchical ordered probit model to develop an indicator of socioeconomic status ...
Gourbin C - - 2005
This review article examines the relationship between late foetal and infant mortality, and age of parents. The highest risks are observed at older maternal ages for foetal mortality and at both extremes of reproductive ages for infant mortality. For infant morbidity, the role of intermediate variables is discussed. Increasing paternal ...
Sandberg John - - 2005
This article investigates the effects of sociometric network members' self-reported experiences with infant mortality on nonnumeric responses regarding expected family size among women in a small Nepalese community. The hypotheses tested include (1) that uncertainty about child survival, measured as average infant mortality across social networks, increases the likelihood of ...
Bittencourt Jeanine Izabel Margraf - - 2005
The paracoccidioidomycosis mortality rate in the State of Paraná, Brazil (1980/1998) was analyzed using the death registry data from the Brazilian Mortality Information System and the estimated population from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. To qualify the deaths, we deployed ICD-9 for 1980/1995 and ICD-10 for the more ...
Weitzenbürger D - - 2005
1. Mortality and causes of death were recorded over two trials with 13045 Lohmann Selected Leghorn (LSL, white layer strain) and 4410 Lohmann Brown (LB) laying hens kept in furnished small group housing systems and furnished cages. In trial 1, hens were housed from weeks 19 to 71 (LSL) and ...
Okin Peter M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Analysis of electrocardiographic (ECG) repolarization abnormality using QTc interval and principal component analysis (PCA) of the T-wave vector predict all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Novel descriptors of T-wave morphology have been suggested as measures of repolarization heterogeneity and adverse prognosis. However, whether these T-wave descriptors provide prognostic information beyond ...
Siegfried Blair D - - 2005
Susceptibility to Cry3Bb1 toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) was determined for western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, neonates from both laboratory and field populations collected from across the Corn Belt. Rootworm larvae were exposed to artificial diet treated with increasing Cry3Bb1 concentrations, and mortality and growth inhibition were evaluated ...
Strulov Avshalom - - 2005
Until the end of the 1980s almost no intensive intervention plan was applied to narrow the vast gap (over 100%) in infant mortality between Jews and Arabs in the Western Galilee region of Israel. A special committee appointed by the Ministry of Health instituted measures to reduce the gap, including ...
Cryer Byron - - 2005
Although gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity and mortality from NSAIDs continues to be a significant problem, this study by Lanas et al. indicates that the magnitude of the concern is declining. Explanations for this reduction are more likely related to the increased use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) than to the introduction ...
Fuse Kana - - 2006
Sex differentials in infant mortality vary widely across nations. Because newborn girls are biologically advantaged in surviving to their first birthday, sex differentials in infant mortality typically arise from genetic factors that result in higher male infant mortality rates. Nonetheless, there are cases where mortality differentials arise from social or ...
Sarasola José Hernán - - 2005
We describe a mass mortality event of wintering Swainson's hawks (SH, Buteo swainsoni) in central Argentina during November 2003. One hundred thirteen SH were found dead as a consequence of a single hailstorm. In addition, 14 hawks with severe injuries were recovered alive, but only 10 of these survived 1 ...
Woods Robert - - 2005
This paper critically discusses recent attempts to estimate long-term trends in the stillbirth rate for England and Wales. It assesses the available historical evidence for the level of late-fetal mortality, drawing especially on examples from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. A theoretical fetal-infant life table for a high-mortality population is also ...
Braga Ima Aparecida - - 2005
Several Brazilian Aedes aegypti populations are resistant to the larvicidae temephos. Methoprene, that inhibits adult emergence, is one of the alternatives envisaged by the Brazilian Dengue Control Program (PNCD). However, at Brazil vector infestation rates are measured through larvae indexes and it has been claimed that methoprene use in the ...
Laskar M S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the trends and regional variations in infant mortality rates in Japan. METHOD: The data from 1973 to 1998 analysed in this paper were from the Vital Statistics Division, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. RESULTS: Infant mortality rates declined ...
Michelozzi P - - 2005
This study evaluates the impact of the 2003 heat wave on cause-specific mortality and the role of demographic characteristics and socioeconomic conditions that may have increased the risk of mortality in four Italian cities: Bologna, Milan, Rome and Turin. Daily mortality counts, for the resident population by age, sex and ...
Hoyer Dirk - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is the sequential failure of several organ systems after a trigger event, like cardiogenic shock or decompensated heart failure. Mortality is high, up to 70%. Autonomic dysfunction (AD) may substantially contribute to the development of MODS. In cardiology, it has recently been shown that ...
Crumrine Patrick W - - 2005
Interactions between different size classes of predator species have the potential to influence survival of prey species in intraguild predation (IGP) systems, but few studies test for these effects. Using a substitutive design in a field setting, I measured the effects of two size classes of IG predators (large and ...
Kilpatrick A L - - 2005
Certain neonicotinoids are used in cotton, Gossypium hirsutum (L.), to control various piercing-sucking pests. We conducted field studies using three neonicotinoids (acetamiprid, thiamethoxam, and imidacloprid) and an organophosphate (dicrotophos) to assess the activity of these insecticides against nontarget arthropods, particularly predators, and to determine the potential economic consequences of such ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of survival of unaffected cofetuses of anomalous triplets. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of triplets delivered in the United States from 1995 through 1998. Four triplet clusters were identified: cluster A (all members anomaly-free); cluster B (1 anomalous member); cluster C (2 anomalous members), and cluster ...
Schabuss M - - 2005
The eel population in Neusiedler See has been maintained by regular massive stocking since 1958. After the establishment of the National Park Neusiedler See-Seewinkel in 1993, eel stocking was prohibited and the population, together with the specific parasites of eels, was predicted to decline to extinction within 10 years. This ...
Kostrubiec Maciej - - 2005
AIMS: Despite growing interest in biomarkers application for risk evaluation in acute pulmonary embolism (APE), no decision-making levels have been defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed a biomarker-based risk stratification in 100 consecutive, normotensive on admission, APE patients (35 males, 65 females, 62+/-18 years). On admission serum NT-proBNP and cardiac ...
Skarsgard Erik D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Outcomes analysis in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) requires a validated risk-adjustment tool. The purpose of this study was to use the Canadian Neonatal Network (CNN) database to validate the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology, Version II (SNAP-II) for prediction of mortality among CDH infants admitted to a neonatal intensive ...
Haigh Jerry - - 2005
Data were obtained from a questionnaire administered to a random sample of Canadian and United States white-tailed deer (WTD) farmers. Reproductive indices and survival of fawns from birth until 1 y of age were examined. Major factors in limiting herd increase were a low reproductive rate (88 fawns per 100 ...
Shklovskii B I - - 2005
The Gompertz law of dependence of human mortality rate on age is derived from a simple model of death as a result of an exponentially rare escape of abnormal cells from immunological response.
Levene Alysa - - 2005
The high mortality of foundlings across Europe has long been established by historical demographers but methods of quantification have not permitted comparison with rates in the populations beyond the foundling hospitals. This study investigates mortality rates at the London Foundling Hospital in the eighteenth century in a way that addresses ...
Moser Kath - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate to what extent worldwide improvements in mortality over the past 50 years have been accompanied by convergence in the mortality experience of the world's population. METHODS: We have adopted a novel approach to the objective measurement of global mortality convergence. The global mortality distribution at ...
Hargrove J W - - 2005
A stochastic branching process was used to derive equations for the mean and variance of the probability of, and time to, extinction in tsetse populations. If the remnant population is a single inseminated female, the extinction probability increases linearly with adult mortality and is always certain if this mortality >3.5% ...
Blakely Tony - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic differences in mortality in New Zealand have traditionally been measured using occupational class from mortality data (based on usual or last occupation) as the numerator, and class from census data (current occupation on census night) as the denominator. Such analyses are prone to numerator-denominator bias. Record linkage of ...
Painter Rebecca C - - 2005
Prenatal famine exposure has previously been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes in adulthood. In the current study, we could not demonstrate an effect of prenatal exposure to famine in 2254 term singletons born during the 1944-1945 Dutch famine on adult mortality up to the ...
Milne Eugene M G - - 2005
Mortality in the USA has been shown to spike on Christmas and New Year's Day. No comparable analyses are available for European data despite recognised seasonal mortality variations. Deaths for 1986-2000 were analysed by date for Newcastle and North Tyneside (NNT) to examine the Christmas period and the weeks surrounding ...
Paulozzi Leonard J - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has reported that mortality rates from crashes among motorcycle riders in the United States increased from 21.0 per 100 million motorcycle miles traveled in 1997 to 38.4 per 100 million motorcycle miles traveled in 2003. At the same time, annual domestic sales ...
Cave J G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how distance of transportation and time of year affects mortality of bobby calves. METHOD: The overall mortality of bobby calves transported by road to an abattoir in Northern Victoria was investigated by the analysis of mortality data from 1998 to 2000 from the abattoir records. RESULTS: Mortality ...
Eshleman M Jane - - 2005
The retrospective research study was designed to investigate the relationship between infant mortality and the six variables of early prenatal care, immaturity, maternal age, Maternal education, and socioeconomic status in two midwestern counties. Data from birth and birth and death cohort records were analyzed. The Health Belief Model was used ...
Logroscino Giancarlo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In the last decade several studies have been published on incidence, etiology, and prognosis of status epilepticus (SE) with population-based data from the United States and Europe. The aim of this review is to summarize the available information on the epidemiology of SE and to outline the sources of ...
Rodwin Victor G - - 2005
We investigated the association between average income or deprivation and infant mortality rate across neighborhoods of 4 world cities. Using a maximum likelihood negative binomial regression model that controls for births, we analyzed data for 1988-1992 and 1993-1997. In Manhattan, for both periods, we found an association (.05% significance level) ...
Phillips David P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Research published in Circulation has shown that cardiac mortality is highest during December and January. We investigated whether some of this spike could be ascribed to the Christmas/New Year's holidays rather than to climatic factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: We fitted a locally weighted polynomial regression line to daily mortality ...
Ribeiro Valdinar S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To obtain population estimates and profile risk factors for infant mortality in two birth cohorts and compare them among cities of different regions in Brazil. METHODS: In Ribeirão Preto, southeast Brazil, infant mortality was determined in a third of hospital live births (2,846 singleton deliveries) in 1994. In São ...
Hogue Carol J Rowland - - 2004
The FIMR evaluation team has made a significant contribution, both to knowledge about the FIMR process and to the science of public health functions evaluation. Considering the findings presented in this issue, as well as this author's assessment of the infant mortality reduction field, future FIMR efforts must strengthen the ...
Shi Zu-hua - - 2004
The toxicities of five pesticides commonly used in vegetable fields to the larvae of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L) and its two major parasitoids, Cotesia plutellae (Kurdjumov) and Oomyzus sokolowskii (Kurdjumov), were evaluated in the laboratory using several bioassays. When tested at the rates recommended for field application by ...
Fukuda Yoshiharu - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequality in health has been a major concern in public health. This study examined socioeconomic inequality in regional mortality and the impact on inequality by cause of deaths in 1973-1977 and 1993-1998 using municipal statistics in Japan. METHODS: The municipalities across the country (N = 3244 in 1973-1977 ...
Paul David A - - 2004
The infant mortality rate, considered an important proxy for societal health, has been recently rising in Delaware. In fact, in 2001, Delaware's infant mortality rate (10.1/1,000 births) was the highest in the country. In this review, potential factors leading to increasing infant mortality in Delaware are discussed. Evidence for increasing ...
Reznick David N - - 2004
Classical theories for the evolution of senescence predict that organisms that experience low mortality rates attributable to external factors, such as disease or predation, will evolve a later onset of senescence. Here we use patterns of senescence in guppies derived from natural populations that differ in mortality risk to evaluate ...
Goldson S L - - 2004
Field enclosure and laboratory cage experiments designed to measure the impact of the parasitoid Microctonus hyperodae Loan on the Argentine stem weevil, Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel) have shown that under high parasitoid pressure, there is significant weevil mortality without obvious parasitism. Parasitoid-exposed, but unparasitized portions of caged populations died at rates ...
Tanprasertkul Chamnan - - 2004
To compare birth weight and cesarean section rates with high gestational weight gain and normal weight gain in nulliparous pregnant women with a normal prepregnant body mass index. A retrospective study. Thammasat University Hospital. A study was conducted comparing 330 nulliparous pregnant women with normal prepregnant body mass index who ...
Prasad S - - 2004
Mortality patterns of two Zebu cattle breeds, Sahiwal and Tharparkar, and two crossbred strains, Karan Swiss and Karan Fries, maintained at the National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal were studied. Nine-year (1989--90 to 1997--98) data on mortality were analysed for year, season, age and cause effects on mortality rate. The overall ...
Glinianaia Svetlana V - - 2004
There is now substantial evidence that both short- and long-term increases in ambient air pollution are associated with increased mortality and morbidity in adults and children. Children's health is particularly vulnerable to environmental pollution, and infant mortality is still a major contributor to childhood mortality. In this systematic review we ...
Trichopoulos Dimitrios D Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece. - - 2004
To assess whether the Mediterranean diet contributes to overall mortality differences and trends between Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean European Union (EU) countries. Routinely recorded adjusted overall mortality and food availability data in Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean EU countries. A Mediterranean diet score designed a priori was used as instrument. Fifteen EU countries ...
Martínez-Ibarra José A - - 2004
Influence of the blood meal source on life cycle, mortality, and fecundity of 2 cohorts of recently colonized Mexican Meccus longipennis, fed on hens (H-cohort) or rats (R-cohort) were evaluated in laboratory conditions. One hundred twelve nymphs (56%) (H-cohort) and 102 nymphs (51%) (R-cohort), completed the cycle. The average time ...
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