Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 856
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Lippmann Morton - - 2006
Fine particulate matter (FPM) in ambient air causes premature mortality due to cardiac disease in susceptible populations. Our objective in this study was to determine the most influential FPM components. A mouse model of atherosclerosis (ApoE-/-) was exposed to either filtered air or concentrated FPM (CAPs) in Tuxedo, New York ...
Calsamiglia M - - 2007
Previous studies have described a "litter effect" associated with mortality in postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) affected farms. The main objective of this study was to evaluate litter mortality in different PMWS affected farms and to characterize it in relation to three variables of the sow: parity, porcine circovirus type ...
Oi David H - - 2006
Efficacy and speed of action of fire ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) baits that claim fast control of colonies were compared with a standard bait. More than 85% of red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren, laboratory colonies provided bait containing the active ingredient indoxacarb died within 3 d, and all colonies ...
Weschler Charles J - - 2006
The associations between ozone concentrations measured outdoors and both morbidity and mortality may be partially due to indoor exposures to ozone and ozone-initiated oxidation products. In this article I examine the contributions of such indoor exposures to overall ozone-related health effects by extensive review of the literature as well as ...
Mulholland Kim - - 2007
In the US at the beginning of the 20th century, the infant mortality rate was high (150/1000 live births); 19% of deaths were due to pneumonia. In the pre-antibiotic era, childhood pneumonia case fatality rates were age dependant with most deaths occurring in infants. The introduction of antibiotics in the ...
Burge Colleen A - - 2006
Seed losses of Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas have been associated with an ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) in Europe, and in 2002, a similar OsHV was detected in Tomales Bay, California, USA. In May of 2003, 5 stocks of seed Pacific oysters were planted at 2 sites (Inner Bay and Outer Bay) ...
Govindama Yolande - - 2006
This article describes two therapeutic rituals in the Hindu milieu on Réunion Island--walking on fire and piercing parts of the body in the Feast of Cavedy--to underscore the cultural representation of madness and the symbolic function of these rites in treatment. Madness is considered to be the result of a ...
Baird Robert - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The management of intestinal perforation in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (less than 1500 g) is controversial. Current practice favors peritoneal drainage (PD) with or without a delayed laparotomy over primary laparotomy (PL). We compared the outcomes of PD +/- delayed laparotomy vs PL in VLBW infants using ...
Hsu Jen Te - - 2006
Acute pulmonary embolism continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality despite advances in diagnosis and treatment. This retrospective analysis aimed to determine whether the combination of elevated troponin I and right ventricular dilatation (RVD) could provide a more powerful predictor for risk evaluation. The study data comprised records of 110 ...
Smith Derek R - - 2006
Asbestosis, silicosis and Coal Worker's Pneumoconiosis (CWP) represent three of the most important occupationally-related dust diseases in Australia. To gain a clear picture of pneumoconiosis trends over time, a 24-yr retrospective analysis of national mortality data was performed for the period 1979 to 2002. Over 1,000 pneumoconiosis-related fatalities occurred during ...
Fitzgerald Dean G - - 2006
Four decades of observations on the limnology and fishes of Oneida Lake, New York, USA, provided an opportunity to investigate causes of mortality during winter, a period of resource scarcity for most juvenile fishes, in age-0 yellow perch (Perca flavescens) and age-0 white perch (Morone americana). This time series contains ...
Amiri M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess, in a population-based study, whether secular trends in cardiovascular disease mortality in seven European countries were correlated with past trends in infant mortality rate (IMR) in these countries. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Data on ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke mortality in 1950-1999 in the Netherlands, England ...
Matter Stephen F - - 2006
I examined the dispersal of the red milkweed beetle, Tetraopes tetraophthalmus, among patches of its host plant, common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca. Over a 5-year period, the number of patches in a landscape and their mean size increased, while the distance between patches decreased. Over the same period the proportion of ...
Olugbuyi O - - 2006
A 10-year retrospective descriptive study was conducted looking at the outcome of all neonates weighing less than 1500 g admitted to the University Hospital of the West Indies. Analysis of predictors of mortality using regression models revealed birth weight to be the only independent predictor of mortality. Further improvement in ...
Viboud Cécile - - 2006
There are important gaps in our current understanding of the influenza virus behavior. In particular, it remains unclear why some inter-pandemic seasons are associated with unusually high mortality impact, sometimes comparable to that of pandemics. Here we compare the epidemiological patterns of the unusually deadly 1951 influenza epidemic (A/H1N1) in ...
Freemantle C Jane - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Since there are known disparities between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations in Australia, trends in infant mortality rates can be used to assess the effectiveness of programmes designed to improve the health of Aboriginal populations. We have examined mortality rates in these populations in Western Australia. METHODS: We used the ...
Vedal Sverre - - 2006
Unusual air pollution episodes, such as when smoke from wildfires covers a large urban area, can be used to attempt to detect associations between short-term increases in particulate matter (PM) concentrations and subsequent mortality without relying on the sophisticated statistical models that are typically required in the absence of such ...
Rajagopal S - - 2006
Modiolid mussels such as Modiolus philippinarum and Modiolus metcalfei constitute a numerically significant group in fouling communities, especially in tropical and subtropical industrial cooling water systems. Nevertheless, there are hardly any published reports on the tolerance of these species to chlorination or biofouling control measures, This article provides data on ...
Santos R S S - - 2006
Oebalus poecilus (Dallas) is an important pest affecting irrigated rice in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. It hibernates during the coldest months of the year in refuges such as bamboo litter. This study examined O. poecilus hibernation to determine the causes of mortality during this period. The study was conducted ...
Brønnum-Hansen H - - 2006
Long-term survival and trends in overall and cause-specific excess mortality among people with MS have been studied using the Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry, which contains information about all Danish MS patients since the mid-20th Century. A total of 4254 deaths among approximately 10,000 people with MS, representing more than 200,000 ...
Kaech C - - 2006
Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide. The charts of adult patients with SAB who were hospitalised in a Swiss tertiary-care centre between 1998 and 2002 were studied retrospectively. In total, 308 episodes of SAB were included: 2% were caused by methicillin-resistant strains; 49% were ...
Overholtzer-McLeod Karen L - - 2006
The spatial configuration of habitat patches can profoundly affect a number of ecological interactions, including those between predators and prey. I examined the effects of reef spacing on predator-prey interactions within coral-reef fish assemblages in the Bahamas. Using manipulative field experiments, I determined that reef spacing influences whether and how ...
Mäkinen Ilkka Henrik - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The relationship between agricultural rationalization and suicide mortality has been little researched. On the basis of the hypothesis that agricultural rationalization leads to more suicide, this study investigated whether a general relationship could be found between structural change in agriculture and suicide mortality in post-war Europe. METHOD: Due to ...
Phillips Donald L - - 2006
We conducted a 4-year study of juvenile Pinus ponderosa fine root (< or =2 mm) responses to atmospheric CO2 and N-fertilization. Seedlings were grown in open-top chambers at three CO2 levels (ambient, ambient+175 mumol/mol, ambient+350 mumol/mol) and three N-fertilization levels (0, 10, 20 g m(-2) year(-1)). Length and width of ...
Samoli E - - 2006
The short-term effects of nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) on total, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in 30 European cities participating in the Air Pollution on Health: a European Approach (APHEA)-2 project were investigated. The association was examined using hierarchical models implemented in two stages. In the first stage, data from each city ...
Friendship C R - - 2007
A sudden increase in sow mortality was reported from a large outdoor pig-breeding unit in Kenya. The sows showed pyrexia and diamond shaped to confluent skin lesions ante-mortem. Gross pathological examination of the carcases was performed and organ samples (heart, liver, kidney, spleen, mandible lymph nodes) were sent for further ...
Williams Gail M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Comparisons of the changing patterns of inequalities in occupational mortality provide one way to monitor the achievement of equity goals. However, previous comparisons have not corrected for numerator/denominator bias, which is a consequence of the different ways in which occupational details are recorded on death certificates and on census ...
Tsai Shang-Shyue - - 2006
With growing evidence of the association between daily mortality and air pollution in adults, it is important to investigate whether infants are also susceptible to the adverse health effects of ambient air pollutants. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between air pollution and postneonatal mortality in ...
Brown James R - - 2006
Aerial applications designed to assess the impact of low application rates of naled (Dibrom 14) on potential vector species were conducted in 2003 with caged adult Anopheles quadrimaculatus in open grassland at Cecil Airfield in Jacksonville, FL. Offset flight paths of 2,000-6,000 (calculated by the AgDisp aerial application model) and ...
Mayor Pedro - - 2006
This study pretends to determine baseline data on the health and mortality of a colony of captive collared peccaries in the Eastern Amazon (Belém, State of Pará, Brazil) during a 65-months survey. Thirty-nine out of 166 animals (23.5%) died and were examined post-mortem. Monthly mortality averaged 1.2%. The highest mortality ...
Kyobutungi Catherine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Diaspora migration flows from the former Soviet Union to Western Europe and Israel have increased since the late 1980s. Risk factors responsible for the East-West mortality gap and post-migration factors may lead to higher mortality from external causes of death like suicide amongst such Diaspora immigrants. We investigated whether ...
Ashley Janet L - - 2006
Management for twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, populations in peanut, Arachis hypogaea L., relies on acaricides. The outcomes of acaricide applications are most predictable when complete information on their toxicity and specificity is available. Specifically, the degrees to which acaricides impact different stages of T. urticae and natural enemies ...
Nishikiori Nobuyuki - - 2006
To describe the distribution of mortality among internally displaced persons during two and a half months after the Indian Ocean tsunami, 2004. Cross sectional household survey with retrospective cohort analysis of mortality. Camps for internally displaced persons due to the tsunami in an eastern coastal district of Sri Lanka. 3533 ...
Gadd Malin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mortality from cardiovascular diseases is higher among immigrants than native Swedes. It is not clear whether the high mortality persists from the country of birth or is a result of migration. The purpose of the present study was to analyse whether all-cause and coronary heart disease mortality differ between ...
Wheller Levin - - 2006
Premature mortality is a major public health concern but there has been little consensus among researchers on how it should be defined and reported. In this article four means of measuring early deaths are considered using four different age thresholds to define prematurity. Using these four indicators, trends in premature ...
Zatoñski Witold - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To address the issue of infant mortality as an important health indicator, we systematically analyzed trends in infant mortality in five central and eastern European (CEE) countries (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia). METHODS: Infant mortality rates (per 1,000 live births) and trends were computed using the ...
Romeri Ester - - 2006
The relationship between deprivation and mortality is long established and many studies report higher death rates in more deprived areas. This article examines recent patterns of mortality and deprivation and illustrates these for leading causes of death. Results are considered by age group, sex and region. Mortality rates increased with ...
Ahoua L - - 2006
The ongoing conflict in Ituri, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), has led to more than 50,000 deaths, more than 500,000 displaced civilians and continuing, unacceptably high, mortality since 1999. In February 2005, after a resurgence of violence and further displacements, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) launched an emergency response in three ...
Casaccia Germana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in clinical management, mortality of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) remains high. Early prediction of mortality risk helps in comparing strategies and/or performances of different centers. Birth weight (BW), Apgar Score at 5 minutes, and modified McGoon Index (MGI) calculated by the ratio between the diameters of pulmonary ...
Le Tertre Alain - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A heatwave occurred in France in August 2003, with an accompanying excess of all-cause mortality. This study quantifies this excess mortality and investigates a possible harvesting effect in the few weeks after the heatwave. METHODS: A time-series study using a Poisson regression model with regression splines to control for ...
Nakao Akimasa - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Failure of a pancreatic-enteric anastomosis very frequently leads to morbidity and mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Pancreaticojejunostomy or pancreaticogastrostomy is often used after pancreaticoduodenectomy. The many reports on pancreaticogastrostomy support the low rates of anastomotic leakage and mortality compared with pancreaticojejunostomy. METHODS: Between January 1995 and December 2004, 155 pancreaticojejunostomies and ...
Woodbury Murray R - - 2006
North American farmed elk (Cervus elaphus) producers were surveyed to determine period specific rates of calving, abortion, and dystocia, and to examine the effect of reproduction-related mortality on the productivity of farmed elk. The overall calving rate was 86.3% and the calving rate for adult cows was found to be ...
Villegas Blanco - - 2005
In this study the structure of the mortality of two groups of infants settled in the same environmental context is analysed: the comarca (a typical Spanish sub-division of territory) of La Cabrera (province of León, Spain) between the years 1880 and 1932. In this geographical region of the northwest of ...
Regidor Enrique - - 2005
We study the relation between per capita income and mortality within six countries of the European Union - Finland, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Italy and Spain - in 1981-1985 and 1996-2000. We obtained information on gross domestic product per capita (GDPpc) and mortality in large residential areas. The areas in ...
Mosta-Fa B B - - 2005
The LC50 (78, 85 ppm) and LC90 (88, 135 ppm) of Anagalis arvensis and Calendula micrantha respectively against Biomphalaria alexandrina were higher than those of the non-target snails, Physa acuta, Planorbis planorbis, Helisoma duryi and Melanoides tuberculata. In contrast, the LC50 of Niclosamide (0.11 ppm) and Copper sulphate (CuSO4) (0.42 ...
Peretz Chava - - 2005
Clusters of Parkinson's disease (PD) among healthcare professionals have been interpreted as evidence of an infectious etiology. Anesthetic gases have also been associated with parkinsonism symptoms and PD among patients undergoing general anesthesia. We investigated PD mortality among large cohorts of male U.S. anesthesiologists (n = 33,040) and internal medicine ...
Hosseinpoor Ahmad Reza - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To measure the socioeconomic inequality in infant mortality in Iran (the Islamic Republic of Iran). METHODS: We analysed data from the provincially representative Demographic and Health Survey, which was done in Iran in 2000. We used a dichotomous hierarchical ordered probit model to develop an indicator of socioeconomic status ...
Gourbin C - - 2005
This review article examines the relationship between late foetal and infant mortality, and age of parents. The highest risks are observed at older maternal ages for foetal mortality and at both extremes of reproductive ages for infant mortality. For infant morbidity, the role of intermediate variables is discussed. Increasing paternal ...
Sandberg John - - 2005
This article investigates the effects of sociometric network members' self-reported experiences with infant mortality on nonnumeric responses regarding expected family size among women in a small Nepalese community. The hypotheses tested include (1) that uncertainty about child survival, measured as average infant mortality across social networks, increases the likelihood of ...
Bittencourt Jeanine Izabel Margraf - - 2005
The paracoccidioidomycosis mortality rate in the State of Paraná, Brazil (1980/1998) was analyzed using the death registry data from the Brazilian Mortality Information System and the estimated population from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. To qualify the deaths, we deployed ICD-9 for 1980/1995 and ICD-10 for the more ...
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