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Pervez A - - 1991
A household survey was carried out to study infant and under-5 mortality in urban and rural areas of Faisalabad Tehsil. The overall infant mortality rate was 110.1 (per 1000 live births). The under-5 mortality rate was calculated as 158.6 (per 1000 live births). These rates were higher in rural areas ...
Mulla M S - - 1991
Sublethal concentrations of Bacillus thuringiensis ser. H-14 were applied to early 4th-instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus to assess mortality and morphogenetic aberrations in larvae, pupae and adults. At the 24 h LC10, LC25, LC50 and LC80, additional mortality occurred in surviving larvae beyond a 24 h exposure period. The cumulative ...
Yusuf B - - 1991
Neonatal tetanus mortality declined dramatically in Pidie district (Aceh Province) Indonesia between 1984 and 1987. Baseline and follow-up survey results demonstrated an 85% reduction in neonatal tetanus mortality during this period, from 32.1/1000 live births to 4.9/1000 live births. During 1985 a tetanus toxoid mass campaign was conducted in Pidie ...
El Mansoury M - - 1991
Kinney P L - - 1991
We report results of a multiple regression analysis examining associations between aggregate daily mortality counts and environmental variables in Los Angeles County, California for the period 1970 to 1979. Mortality variable included total deaths not due to accidents and violence (M), deaths due to cardiovascular causes (CV), and deaths due ...
Udjo E O - - 1991
Although demographic information on Nigeria has increased in the past two decades, information on adult mortality in the country is still sparse. This paper provides information on the levels and trends in male and female adult mortality among the Kanuri of north-east Nigeria. Analysis of reports of orphanhood and widowhood ...
Ben-Shlomo Y - - 1991
Previous ecological studies have suggested that early life factors are important causes of adult cardiovascular and respiratory disease, by showing geographic correlations between past infant mortality rates and present adult mortality rates. However, these studies inadequately take account of the fact that areas which were severely deprived earlier this century ...
Davidson E C EC - - 1991
Using maternal mortality reviews as an historic model, fetal and infant mortality reviews are proposed to reduce infant mortality in the United States. The national program has three elements: 1) guidelines and direction from a national multidisciplinary steering panel and staff, 2) a technical advisory capacity to translate guidelines and ...
Quine S - - 1991
Studies in other countries have identified social class as a risk factor for infant mortality. In Australia there is no systematic collection of population data by social class, partly due to the absence of a recognized measure. The use of occupational prestige as an indicator of social class is discussed ...
Schwartz J - - 1992
Episodes of high concentrations of particulate-based fog were associated with substantial increases in daily mortality earlier in this century. The sharp rise and fall of mortality with equally dramatic changes in air pollution left little doubt about causality. Other studies have shown associations of daily fluctuations in particulate-based air pollution ...
Smith G D - - 1991
In Britain continuing declines in infant mortality have ensured that life expectancy at birth has consistently improved during this century. Life expectancy in middle ages showed small declines between 1921 and 1940, probably due to real increases in coronary heart disease and cancer mortality which were not counterbalanced by falls ...
Bjerregaard P - - 1991
The disease pattern is described for the population of Upernavik, which is the administrative centre of a very large, sparsely populated municipality in North Western Greenland. The number of medical contacts per person was by and large similar in Upernavik and Denmark despite different health care systems, but the distribution ...
Penna M L - - 1991
The authors report the results of an investigation into the possible association between air pollution and infant mortality from pneumonia in the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area. This investigation employed multiple linear regression analysis (stepwise method) for infant mortality from pneumonia in 1980, including the study population's areas of residence, ...
Kidane A - - 1990
A brief summary of famine and drought from a historical perspective is given. In an attempt to estimate the magnitude of deaths due to the 1984-85 famine in Ethiopia, a survey was conducted among the resettled famine victims. The results show that the expected life at birth among the male ...
Krüger O - - 1990
We have examined regional differences in mortality from ischaemic heart disease, including sudden, unexpected death (IHD/SUD), among Norwegian men aged 30-69 years, during the period 1966-1985. Mortality time trends were considered. The two counties with the most widely differing IHD/SUD mortality time trends were Rogaland and Oppland. Rogaland, located in ...
Harrison H H - - 1990
Improvements in infant mortality (death less than 1 year of age) have been experienced by the United States and Alaska over the past decade. The decline in the Alaska neonatal mortality (death less than 28 days of age) rate has been the major factor in our improved infant mortality rate. ...
Bullman T A - - 1990
A proportionate mortality study was conducted to determine if the post-service mortality experience of 6,668 Army Vietnam veterans who served in Military Region I (I Corps) was different from that of 27,917 Army non-Vietnam veterans. These veterans served in the US military between 1965 and 1973 and had died as ...
Murrells T J - - 1990
Infant mortality data for England and Wales, cross classified by mother's age, parity and social class were published for 1949/50 and 1975. Previous analyses of these data have been based on graphical, tabular and logit models of stillbirths, neonatal and post-neonatal deaths separately. This paper summarizes the overall changes in ...
Marquardt D N - - 1990
Previous studies have demonstrated that maternity care by family physicians can produce statistically similar outcomes to obstetric management in some communities. Obstetrical and perinatal literature suggest that those specialties may be able to decrease rural neonatal mortality. However, family practice literature has not shown any examples of direct intervention decreasing ...
Anderson B A - - 1990
A review of current mortality trends in the Soviet Union is presented. "Discussed are variations (by republic and over time) in life expectancy, infant mortality, and mortality in the working ages. Analyzing trends since 1959, the authors highlight problems relating to the quality and interpretation of pertinent statistical data of ...
Jäppinen P - - 1990
A mortality study, concentrating on cardiovascular mortality, was undertaken among Finnish sulphite mill workers exposed to sulphur dioxide and sulphate mill workers exposed to hydrogen sulphide and organic sulphides. They had been employed continuously for at least one year between 1945 and 1961. National death rates were used for comparison ...
Royce L A - - 1990
We demonstrate, by truncating the expected negative binomial distribution, that the tracheal mite parasite, Acarapis woodi, causes mortality in the European honey bee, Apis mellifera, but, that this mortality can be documented only during periods of low mite densities (mites per bee). At high mite densities, this technique no longer ...
Cortés-Majó M - - 1990
The objective of this article is to study the changes that have occurred in the mortality pattern of women of fertile age in Spain throughout the 20th century, the significance of maternal mortality in the development of this pattern, and the other causes of death that have contributed most to ...
Sjoberg O - - 1990
The author utilizes newly available data on age-specific mortality in Albania in "an attempt to fill in some of the existing gaps in time series on, and general understanding of, post-[World War II] Albanian infant mortality patterns.... In summary, we find a significant reduction of infant mortality.... Despite the improvements, ...
Quine S - - 1990
This article addresses methodological problems in conducting cross-cultural comparisons of health findings analysed by social class. It then illustrates these problems by describing the difficulties faced and the methods adopted to conduct a cross-cultural comparison between Australia and Britain for infant mortality data analysed by social class. The specific findings ...
Bamgboye E A - - 1990
"This paper describes a new general formula developed for the time location of mortality levels when the original indirect method is used, in the relation to the childhood survivorship data. The result of application of the method to data from two countries yielded plausible estimates and close agreement with variant ...
Sakamoto A - - 1990
"This paper explores the application of a life table approach to the analysis of poverty [in the United States]. After reviewing trends in gender differentials in poverty and mortality, we investigate an indicator of poverty-mortality well-being. The rationale for this approach is that to some extent poverty and mortality are ...
Rosenwaike I - - 1990
"This study attempts to explain similarities and differences in the mortality experience of three population groups: Puerto Ricans on the island commonwealth, Puerto Rican born persons in New York City and Puerto Rican born persons in the rest of mainland United States. Mortality is much higher among Puerto Ricans in ...
Roberts R S - - 1989
Following the publication of the NIOSH nickel criteria document in 1977, the Joint Occupational Health Committee of the International Nickel Company (INCO) commissioned a mortality study of the company's Ontario workforce. This paper describes the detailed methodology and primary mortality results of the ensuing study; subsequent papers will describe more ...
Floate K D - - 1989
A 2-yr field study evaluated the effects of selected insecticides on Bembidion obscurellum Motschulsky and Bembidion quadrimaculatum L., carabid predators of the wheat midge, Sitodiplosis mosellana (Géhin). A bioassay method using caged beetles indicated that insecticides differed significantly in their contact and residual toxicities when applied at maximum recommended field ...
Lüning G - - 1989
Early infant mortality rates in West Germany were plotted for regions with different radioactive burdens following the Chernobyl nuclear reactor explosion in April, 1986. In all regions, the logarithms of the mortality rates fitted a linear model between 1975 and 1985, but from May, 1986, immediately after the accident, there ...
Alho J M - - 1989
I address the problem of what can be said of changes in mortality rates, if one knows how life expectancies change. I note a general formula relating life expectancies in different ages to mortality and prove that if mortality changes over time following a proportional-hazard model, then there is a ...
Costa G - - 1989
Mortality in a cohort of 8626 workers employed between 1954 and 1981 in an aircraft manufacturing factory in northern Italy was studied. Total follow up was 132,042 person-years, with 76% accumulated in the age range 15 to 54. Median duration of follow up from the date of first employment was ...
Balarajan R - - 1989
Stillbirth and infant mortality from congenital malformations in England and Wales during 1981-5 was investigated according to the mother's country of birth. Significant differences remained after standardising for maternal age and social class. The highest overall mortality was in infants of mothers born in Pakistan (standardised mortality ratio 237), followed ...
Barker D J - - 1989
Geographical differences in mortality from cardiovascular disease and chronic bronchitis within England and Wales are closely related to past differences in infant mortality. This paper examines the separate relations of mortality during 1968-78 with neonatal and post-neonatal mortality during 1911-25. These divisions of infant mortality are indicators of the intrauterine ...
Hunt G J - - 1989
The effects of several environmental factors on mortality of adult Culicoides variipennis in the laboratory were evaluated. Daily mortality rates significantly increased when adult midges were maintained at an elevated constant temperature (26 degrees C). Adult C. variipennis handled the least during routine maintenance procedures had the lowest daily mortality ...
Rip M R MR Department of Geography, Michigan State University, East - - 1989
Early neonatal, neonatal and post-neonatal mortality rates were systematically calculated according to the statistical regions of South Africa for the white and coloured populations over a 5-year period. The geographical variation is wide and the statistical significance in these mortality rates for coloured infants in rural areas of the Cape ...
Rosenberg M - - 1989
Using medical records from maternity clinics in the two Norwegian cities Oslo and Bergen, the effect of lactation on infant mortality during the period 1860-1930 is examined, comparing those who were and were not breast-fed in a total of about 6900 live born infants. The mortality of children not breast-fed ...
Gindhart P S - - 1989
The collecting of human remains for study in museums and medical schools has been a vital scientific endeavor for many years. In some cases, such as the fetal and neonatal skeletons discussed, surreptitious dealings were involved. However, one must consider the attitudes that prevailed at the time, the high rate ...
Hayakawa N - - 1989
A comparative study was made on mortality during a 15-year period from 1968 to 1982 between atomic bomb survivors resident in Hiroshima Prefecture and non-exposed controls. The mortality rate for all causes of death was lower in atomic bomb survivors than in the non-exposed, but the rate was higher among ...
Dobrin P B - - 1989
Studies were performed in 120 rabbits to determine whether 72-hour peritoneal lavage is beneficial or harmful in the treatment of peritonitis. Results showed that against a high concentration fecal inoculum (90 percent mortality), peritoneal lavage containing gentamicin and clindamycin reduced mortality to 10 to 20 percent (p less than 0.05). ...
Shami S A - - 1989
A retrospective study was conducted on prenatal and postnatal mortality among the populations of seven cities in the Pakistani province of Punjab. Consanguineous marriages were strongly favoured and the coefficients of inbreeding (F) for the present generation in each locality ranged from 0.0236 to 0.0286. There was a highly significant ...
Akinyanju O O - - 1989
Falling infant and childhood mortality rates, especially in urban centres, have allowed greater survival of individuals with sickle-cell disorders (SCD), and the need to provide appropriate services has become pressing. The training and employment of counsellors on SCD, shown here to be popular and feasible, seems an essential first step ...
Bradley B - - 1989
Senator Bill Bradley (D-NJ) recently introduced the Infant Mortality and Children's Health Act of 1989, a bill that requires states to provide Medicaid coverage to pregnant women and infants living below 185% of the federal poverty level. In this article, Senator Bradley answers questions for Pediatric Nursing readers about this ...
Newhouse M L - - 1989
The mortality of workers employed at a factory producing friction materials has been studied from 1941 to 1986, extending a previous study by seven years. Apart from two periods before 1944, when crocidolite asbestos was used on one particular contract, only chrysotile asbestos has been used. Thirteen deaths were attributed ...
Rosenwaike I - - 1989
This paper discusses the effect of the Mariel migration, a massive boatlift from Cuba to the United States in 1980, on mortality among Cuban Americans. Estimates of the Cuban-born population in the US were made for 1979 and 1981, the years prior to and following the boatlift. A comparison of ...
Näyhä S - - 1989
Mortality from diseases of the circulatory organs in Finland during the period 1961-1985 is examined by communes, separate analyses being made for ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and cerebral vascular accidents (CVA). Data on deaths are abstracted from the 0.58 million death certificates referring to these conditions, and information on demographic ...
Islam M A - - 1989
"This paper reveals some interesting characteristics regarding the nature of sex differential in neonatal, post neonatal and infant mortality [in Bangladesh]. The association between sex of an infant and mortality appears to be highly significant for neonatal and post-neonatal stages but these associations are not very heterogeneous over time.... The ...
Courtenay J - - 1989
Mortality of chimpanzees in the wild (Gombe National Park) and in captivity (Taronga Zoo, Sydney and Melbourne Zoo) was compared using standard cohort life table techniques. Overall mortality probabilities up to age 30 were compared using a logrank test. No significant difference in overall mortality was revealed, and the mortality ...
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