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Results 601 - 650 of 861
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Westbrook J I - - 1993
Peptic ulcer (PU) disease is the cause of substantial morbidity and mortality in a number of countries including Australia. Despite diagnostic and treatment advances, sustained mortality from PU disease has been reported. To understand this problem a birth cohort analysis using the Median Polish Technique (MPT) was performed on 36 ...
- - 1993
"Significant mortality improvement was experienced by the population [of Hong Kong] during the period 1971 to 1992. This article summarises the mortality trends by age by sex and also by cause of death during this period. The trends of the three most commonly used health indicators, viz. life expectancy, infant ...
Wise P H - - 1993
The public debate surrounding disparities in infant mortality has resulted from a profound failure to seek a common wisdom. Because of its essential social roots, infant mortality will always remain the province of fundamental ideological and political conflict. However, without a more integrated analytic approach, progress in reducing disparate infant ...
Khalique N - - 1993
The present study was conducted in 9 villages of Rural Health Training Centre, Jawan, Aligarh, India, having 1792 registered families. The infant mortality rate was 79.3 per 1000 live births. Higher mortality in children between 1-2 years (29.6/1000) in comparison to 2-5 years (16.2/1000) reflected the higher vulnerability of children ...
Bansal A K - - 1993
Present cartography procedures for quantitative indicators are arbitrary on choice of the number of categories in which a particular area is to be divided. The choice of initial cutoff and the choice of the width of each category is also arbitrary. To remove this arbitrariness and thus to introduce objectivity, ...
Bah S - - 1993
Prior studies on infant and child mortality in Zimbabwe have questioned the low mortality found in Matabaleland South. It was suspected that it could be an artefact of data. Using the ZDHS data, this study has shown that the probability of dying before age five (q(5)) is indeed low in ...
Kaji M - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term mortality and causes of death among cockpit crewmembers. A total of 2,327 cockpit crewmembers registered at Japan Airlines between August 1, 1952, and December 31, 1988, were traced to assess mortality. Medical records were also reviewed. The mortality rates for ...
Kalipeni E - - 1993
This paper examines the spatial variation of infant mortality in Malawi between 1977 and 1987. Data from the 1977 and 1987 censuses are used in simple correlation and forward stepwise regression analysis to explain and/or predict the variation and change of infant mortality is strongly associated with a number of ...
Cairns J A - - 1993
There is unequivocal evidence for the reduction of early mortality (up to about 35 days) by SK, APSAC and rt-PA, each compared with placebo, for patients treated intravenously within the first few hours of onset of acute MI. An overview of early trials demonstrating mortality reduction with SK, has been ...
Neilson S - - 1993
Recent studies have demonstrated a worldwide rise in mortality from motor neurone disease (MND). However, in Japan mortality appears to have fallen significantly since the late 1960s, especially amongst women. Studies of the cause of both the worldwide rise, and the unique decline in MND mortality in Japan, have largely ...
Biswas A B - - 1993
This one year prospective study was carried out to determine the CBR, CDR and different underfive mortality rates in some selected rural ICDS blocks of West Bengal and also to find out the common causes of infant and childhood mortality in these areas. It was revealed that most of the ...
Ali J - - 1993
Trauma outcome variables before and after the institution of the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) program were compared for the largest hospital in Trinidad and Tobago from July 1981 through December 1985 (pre-ATLS) and from January 1986 to June 1990 (post-ATLS). A total of 199 physicians were ATLS trained by ...
Semenciw R M - - 1993
A cohort study of agricultural practices and the mortality experience (1971 to 1987) of male farmers in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta has been conducted. The census records of 156, 242 male farmers identified on the 1971 Census of Agriculture and the corresponding Census of Population were linked to mortality records ...
Slonim D - - 1993
The incidence of poliomyelitis in the Czech Republic shows four epidemiologically different phases recorded during a lifetime of one human generation: endemicity (until 1938), epidemicity (1939 to 1956), repression (1957 to 1960) and elimination (1961 till now). The phase of the endemic incidence of poliomyelitis studied in this paper finished ...
Williams R L - - 1993
Nazi concentration camp survivors have been shown to have excess mortality in the first 20 years following their release. To determine if this excess persists, Israeli civil servants were studied. Mortality of camp survivors and of other post-war European immigrants was compared 20-41 years following World War II. Using survival ...
Wardhaugh K G - - 1993
During produced by sheep for up to 1 week post-treatment (drenching) with ivermectin caused significant mortality to newly emerged larvae of the bushfly Musca vetustissima. Dung from sheep drenched with a mixture of levamisole and oxfendazole also resulted in larval mortality, but here the effect was limited to the first ...
Rushton L - - 1993
The results of an extension of follow up (1976 to 1989) of a cohort of workers employed for at least one year between 1 January 1950 and 31 December 1975 at eight oil refineries in Britain are reported. Over 99% of the workers were successfully traced to determine their vital ...
Carlo G L - - 1993
We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mortality among current and former male employees of a modern tire manufacturing plant in Texas. Vital status was ascertained for more than 99% of the cohort of 2306 workers. Standardized mortality ratio analyses were completed based on 102 deaths. No significant excess for ...
Fang R K - - 1993
The Chinese population accounts for one-fifth of the world's total, so any change in Chinese mortality will have a great influence on the change of the world population. Before 1949, Chinese population mortality was 25-33%, the high year was 40%, and infant mortality even reached over 250 per 1000 live ...
Iyun B F - - 1993
This paper reviews the progress that has been made in studies on geographic differentials of mortality in Africa. In general, there is very little known about adult mortality in many Third World countries, and the contributions of geographers have been limited in this area. In many African countries, enormous problems ...
Michalek A M - - 1993
Mortality patterns prevalent among American Indian youth have not been well documented. This investigation reports on mortality patterns among the Seneca Nation of Indians from January 1, 1955, through December 31, 1989. The study cohort consisted of 3,033 Seneca tribal members born during the study period. Deaths occurring among cohort ...
Chimere-Dan O O Department of Sociology, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 1993
This report is part of a project to evaluate and improve the quality of mortality data for blacks in South Africa. Infant and child mortality rates of 79/1,000 and 81/1,000 were estimated for 1968-1974 and 1975-1979 respectively. A child mortality rate of 43/1,000 was estimated for 1973-1977. Estimates of infant ...
Cristofolini M - - 1993
BACKGROUND: To reduce the mortality rate from cutaneous melanoma in Trentino, a health campaign for early diagnosis aimed at the general public was organized. OBJECTIVE: The mortality rate from cutaneous melanoma in Trentino before and after our health campaign was analyzed and compared with the mortality rates in three neighboring ...
Bjerregaard P - - 1993
In a house-to-house survey in Kilifi District, Kenya, mothers of 2556 liveborn children were interviewed about neonatal mortality, especially from neonatal tetanus (NNT). The crude birth rate was 60.5 per 1000 population, the neonatal mortality rate 21.1 and the NNT mortality rate 3.1 per 1000 livebirths. The neonatal and NNT ...
Barrado-Lanzarote M J - - 1993
We studied the mortality from stroke as the underlying cause of death in Spain during the period 1901-1986. The age-adjusted mortality in 1986 was 114.4 per 100,000 among males and 100.6 per 100,000 for females. From 1901 to 1986, the SMR from stroke in Spain decreased by approximately 2/3, levelling ...
Anson J - - 1993
"Previous analysis has shown that life tables may be distinguished by two orthogonal pieces of information, the level of mortality in the population and the relative shape of the mortality curve. We show that both the regions of England and Wales in 1911, and locality types (county boroughs, other urban, ...
Dang H - - 1993
The authors discuss risk factors related to infant mortality. "The size and magnitude of these risk factors vary across different countries and regions. In order to more accurately describe the relationship between risk factors and infant mortality, risk factors should be quantified, making it possible to estimate the degree of ...
Winter J - - 1993
"This paper will examine infant mortality in Berlin during and after [World War I].... We argue that the social crisis of war, defeat and postwar instability is reflected in the history of infant mortality in Berlin.... We conclude...that the history of infant mortality in Berlin between 1914 and 1923 is ...
Dao T N - - 1993
Infant mortality among children born to 373 individuals with myotonic dystrophy (MD) who lived in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean during the period 1838 to the present time was analyzed using a case-control approach based on a population register. A statistically significant increase was found in the rate of deaths during the first week ...
Matthews D E - - 1993
A study of all births in Switzerland during the years 1979-81 is used to illustrate the advantages of the case-cohort design for this epidemiologic analysis of neonatal mortality. The example shows that familiar associations between infant mortality and explanatory variables such as sex and weight at birth can be precisely ...
Drzewieniecka K - - 1993
"A comparative analysis of mortality, in which standardized death rates...were used, was conducted for 24 European and 5...[other] developed countries. The analysis shows that in spite of medical progress in fighting high mortality stemming from primary sources (diseases of [the] circulatory system and malignant neoplasms), its very high level is ...
Baran A - - 1993
"In this paper, crude, specific [mortality] rates as well as nonstandardized and standardized indices of regional mortality differentials are analysed [for Poland] for the period 1950-1990, in order to show mortality differentiation, its increase by age, sex, and place of residence. Taking into account cause specific death rates, the pattern ...
London A S - - 1993
Bourgeois-Pichat's biometric model was developed as a method to decompose infant mortality into endogenous and exogenous components. The model assumes that no endogenous deaths occur after the first month of life. This paper uses data for the United States to examine the hypothesis that recent advances in medicine extend endogenous ...
Bobak M - - 1992
An ecological study of infant mortality and air pollution was conducted in the Czech Republic. Routinely collected data on infant mortality and air pollution in the period 1986-88 were analysed for the 46 of the 85 districts in the republic for which both were available. The independent effects of total ...
Iwata K - - 1992
A retrospective cohort study was conducted to investigate the association between cadmium induced renal tubular dysfunction and mortality. A total of 230 subjects aged 40 or older and living in a cadmium polluted area in Kosaka Town, Akita Prefecture, Japan, were studied at least once between 1975 and 1977 and ...
René A A - - 1992
A review of mortality from the 1850 census mortality schedules of Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana has provided a snapshot of the health conditions of African-American slaves. The cause of death was abstracted from the mortality schedule and categorized according to the ninth revision of the Manual of the International Classification of ...
Mao Y - - 1992
Although in demand, there is only limited information available regarding the patterns of mortality among Natives in Canada. Mortality rates for residents of Canadian Indian Reserves (IRs) and Registered Indians were calculated for the periods 1979-1988 and 1981 respectively. Proportionate mortality ratios and age-standardized mortality rates for residents of Indian ...
Sazawal S - - 1992
To appraise the effectiveness of the pneumonia case-management strategy in improving child survival, we have done a meta-analysis of six published intervention trials. The results of a seventh published study and two unpublished studies were also reviewed. The six published studies satisfied our criteria for methodological soundness. The reduction in ...
McIlroy S G - - 1992
An outbreak of anemia dermatitis syndrome caused by chicken anemia agent (CAA) occurred in 15 broiler flocks. An average of 29% of chickens in these flocks were derived from a common breeder flock. The breeder flock had no antibody to CAA at 20 weeks of age but had seroconverted by ...
Zorludemir U - - 1992
A retrospective study was undertaken over an eight-year period to assess the mortality rate of 66 newborns who had undergone surgery in our clinic because of peritonitis. The mortality rate for the patients admitted in poor condition was 95.2 percent, whereas it was 45.5 percent for those in good condition. ...
Black D W - - 1992
Mortality was investigated in 356 DSM-IIIR schizophrenics admitted to a university psychiatric hospital over a 12-year period. Determination of death was made through a record-linkage process and observed death was compared with the mortality experience of the general population of the State of Iowa. Schizophrenics had nearly a three-fold increase ...
Lima M M - - 1992
The lethal effect of a bait containing an aqueous hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) suspension at the concentration of 1g/l and maintained at room temperature was studied in the laboratory over a period of 12 weeks. The suspension was placed in a latex bag hanging inside a 1000-ml beaker tightly covered with nylon ...
Aase A - - 1992
"Changes in the geographical mortality pattern for Norway between 1969 and 1989 are explored for total mortality, coronary heart disease, stomach cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, melanoma, infant mortality and suicide. The period has shown considerable flux. Coronary heart disease mortality used to be higher in urban than rural areas, ...
Petersen J J - - 1992
The parasitic wasp Muscidifurax zaraptor Kogan & Legner was mass-reared in the field to control house flies, Musca domestica L., on two Nebraska beef cattle confinements. About 50,000 freeze-killed house fly pupae were exposed to a single release of M. zaraptor in the field. Placement of six additional cohorts of ...
Choinière R - - 1992
This article proposes to describe mortality among the Inuit of the Baffin region during the 1983-1987 period and to compare it with that of Canadians as a whole. Mortality among the Baffin Inuit is clearly higher than that of the Canadian population as a whole. Life expectancy at birth is ...
Ashkenazi S - - 1992
To define risk factors for mortality due to bacteremia and fungemia of childhood, 242 episodes (for which the mortality rate was 19%) were studied prospectively by univariate and multivariate analyses. The mortality rate was higher in neonates (23%) and in individuals 10-18 years old (26%) than in infants and young ...
Tresserras R - - 1992
The ecological association of infant mortality rate (IM) with per capita income (PI) and prevalence of adult illiteracy (AI) has been studied using countries as the unit of analysis. A negative association between IM and PI in 1960 and 1982 has been observed (sample correlation coefficient [r] = -.625 and ...
Catalano R - - 1992
The association between economic contraction and neonatal mortality previously reported in this Journal is retested using methods and data that respond to criticisms of aggregate time-series work. Results suggest that the risk of neonatal mortality among birth cohorts of black males in the Los Angeles County and Orange County metropolitan ...
McDougal L - - 1992
To investigate mortality patterns for domestic workers, proportional mortality ratios (PMRs) were calculated for the 1,382 female domestic workers who died in British Columbia at age 20 years or over between 1950 and 1984. This group experienced fewer deaths than expected from cerebrovascular accidents (PMR = 84) and hypertension (PMR ...
Nelemans P J - - 1992
This paper presents an analysis of trends in mortality from malignant melanoma of the skin in The Netherlands, 1950-1988. Statistical analyses show that time period effects are needed to describe the mortality trends in The Netherlands. Because this contrasts with reports from other countries, in which the trends were ascribed ...
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