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Results 551 - 600 of 861
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Nicholson K G - - 1996
The effects of influenza A and B and RSV on mortality in England and Wales were assessed by regression analysis for the period 1975-90. Morbidity data from sentinel practices were used to calculate 4-weekly rates of aggregated upper respiratory tract infections (URTI); PHLS laboratory reports were used as indices of ...
Haas S D - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of neonatal mortality in a large, extensively managed mare herd and what risk factors were involved in foal mortality. For a 6 wk period between April 18, 1994, and May 31, 1994, 334 foals were born, of which 74 died ...
Morris J N - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between education, social conditions, and mortality. DESIGN: An ecological study relating several measures of mortality to local rates of educational attainment at age 15/16 years and scores on the Department of the Environment's index of local conditions. SETTING: England and its 107 local education ...
Diffin D C - - 1996
PURPOSE: To review the risks and benefits of using peripheral intraarterial thrombolysis (PIAT) versus surgical revascularization (SR) as the initial treatment of acute lower-limb ischemia (ALLI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two prospective, randomized trials that compared PIAT with SR in the treatment of ALLI were analyzed along with recent large, retrospective ...
Ostro B - - 1996
In 1986, the U.S. EPA issued an air quality standard for particulate matter that included only particulates below 10 microns in diameter (PM10). Unfortunately, epidemiological research investigating the health effects associated with PM10 has been limited by the lack of available daily data from outdoor monitoring stations. Evidence of high ...
Al-saadi A F - - 1996
"The purpose of this study is to shed light on infant mortality rates in Iraq, including how they differ from place to place, and to identify the variables behind such differences. It also aims at showing the causes of change in the trend since 1991 when the allied forces launched ...
Joossens J V - - 1996
Mean life expectancy at birth (1967-1992) increased for both sexes combined with 5.6 years in Belgium and 3.6 years in The Netherlands. Age adjusted mortality from all causes and cardiovascular diseases has been followed up from 1968 onwards to 1989 in Belgium and The Netherlands and in Flanders and Wallonia ...
Boyle P - - 1996
PURPOSE: A systematic examination of all available mortality data from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) between 1950 and 1990 was done to estimate the changing international mortality pattern of this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mortality data in which BPH was the underlying cause of death were abstracted from the World Health ...
Goralczyk-modzelewska M - - 1996
"The paper presents the problem of mortality in the Lodz area and the city of Lodz in 1993. The basis for this description is comparisons across voivodeships, and these between large and medium-sized cities in Poland. The comparisons were made allowing for the basic demographic features such as sex and ...
Ribble C S - - 1995
Data from a retrospective field study were used to describe the epidemiology of fatal fibrinous pneumonia as it affected beef calves entering a large commercial feedlot in southwestern Alberta during the fall months of y 1985 to 1988. A chute-side computer system was used to record processing and health data ...
Pattnayak S R - - 1995
"While infant mortality and the under 5 mortality rates are widely used as measures of development, the death rate among 1-4 year olds may be a more effective measure of socioenvironmental conditions affecting mortality, since this age group is less influenced by genetic and biological factors than infants. This article ...
Williams N - - 1995
This paper examines the magnitude of urban-rural differentials in infant mortality in England during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and also compares the timing of decline for a selection of towns of varying size, and their immediate rural hinterlands. Most towns continued to experience short-term fluctuations in infant mortality ...
Borrell C - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the relationship between health and socioeconomic indicators in the 38 neighbourhoods of the city of Barcelona, Spain. DESIGN: Mortality data for 1983-89 and socioeconomic data for each of the 38 neighbourhoods of Barcelona were used. Mortality indicators used were the comparative mortality figure, ...
Neafsey P J - - 1995
The utility of mortality kinetics analysis in evaluating mortality data from fractionated exposure studies was demonstrated using radon-progeny induced extra mortality as an example. Gompertz (log-hazard) functions were used to characterize the mortality of male SPF Wistar rats exposed to radon progeny at 100 WL and 1000 WL for total ...
Kytir J - - 1995
"First an overview is given of the secular decline of infant mortality in Austria between 1820 and 1950.... Second the study analyses the historical regional differences of infant mortality in Austria comparing data for all 99 political districts (Politische Bezirke) for the period 1900 to 1950. The most important results ...
Lessa I - - 1995
This article seeks to describe trends in relative mortality from cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs) in Brazilian state capitals from 1950 through 1988. Absolute numbers of deaths from all causes; from CVDs; and from ill-defined signs, symptoms, and afflictions were obtained from official Brazilian mortality statistics. In calculating relative CVD mortality, deaths ...
Chio A - - 1995
INTRODUCTION: An increase of Parkinson's disease (PD) mortality has been observed in various countries during the last 3 decades. An analysis was done in order to define whether this trend could be due to a cohort effect. MATERIAL & METHODS: The mortality from PD in Italy during the period 1963-1987 ...
Brännström M - - 1995
The aim of the present study was to test if long-term mortality could be predicted by endothelial derived haemostatic variables in a population with high morbidity due to thromboembolic disease. Plasma samples were drawn from 212 out-patients treated with oral anticoagulants, at the beginning of the study, and analyzed for ...
Eregie C O - - 1995
Over a 12-month period, a cluster survey on Neonatal tetanus (NNT) mortality was conducted in Northern Nigeria. The relative contributions of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) to certain epidemiological factors associated with NNT deaths were evaluated. NNT mortality was 20.6/1000 live-births (i.e. over 65% of neonatal mortality). Poor cord management ...
Ames R G - - 1995
A proportional mortality study comparing the cotton-growing areas of the San Joaquin Valley with the rest of the State of California was performed by the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a continuation of earlier studies related to mercaptan-releasing pesticides. This mortality study found a pattern of increased proportion ...
Sullivan P F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The author's goal was to shed light on the debate regarding the mortality rate over time associated with anorexia nervosa. METHOD: He conducted a meta-analytic study using weighted linear regression to combine crude mortality proportions from 42 published studies to estimate the mortality associated with anorexia nervosa over time. ...
Ungs T J - - 1995
BACKGROUND: State-specific aviation-related mortality rates differ substantially between various geographical regions of the United States. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to ascertain important explanatory factors that account for the geographical distribution of mortality. METHODS: National Center for Health Statistics sources were used to calculate state-specific, age-adjusted mortality rates. ...
Scott S - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether periodic variations in annual infant mortality were associated with malnutrition and the poor quality of the food supply available to the community. DESIGN: Retrospective study of historical epidemiology of infant mortality by time series analysis and family reconstitution of parish registers of burials and baptisms. SETTING: ...
Clarke C E - - 1995
Studies examining the mortality from Parkinson's disease have been reviewed to assess the impact of levodopa therapy. These include national mortality data taken from death certificate returns, cohort studies comparing the deaths observed in a group of patients with those expected from population statistics, and case-control studies comparing deaths in ...
Bishai D M - - 1995
Previous time series analyses of infant mortality have failed to provide evidence to support their implicit assumption that infant mortality data used behaved as a stationary time series. The present study applies the augmented Dickey Fuller Test to infant mortality time series for Sweden (1800-1989), United Kingdom (1839-1989) and United ...
Levi F - - 1995
Trends in mortality from Hodgkin's disease (HD) and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) in the whole of Europe and in two broad European geographic areas (Western and Eastern Europe) were reviewed over the period of 1960-1990, on the basis of official death certifications derived from the World Health Organization database. Between the ...
Bah S M - - 1995
The paper uses published results from the 1992 census to describe more recent trends in infant and child mortality in Zimbabwe. It is shown that the period 1986 to 1988 provided the turning point in the gradual decline in infant and child mortality in the provinces. After this period, several ...
Strobino D - - 1995
The high infant mortality rate in the United States, especially in urban areas, remains a major federal concern. Four strategies for reducing infant mortality in cities participating in the federal ¿Healthy Start¿ are reducing high-risk pregnancies; reducing the incidence of low birthweight and preterm births; improving birthweight-specific survival; and reducing ...
Bird S T - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the relative strength of the associations of a set of structural (social, economic, and political) variables and a set of health services variables with state-level infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality. It also examined whether health services mediate the relationships between structural variables and state-level infant, neonatal, ...
Chiò A - - 1995
During the last 3 decades, the mortality rates of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) markedly increased in various countries, including Italy. This finding has been attributed to factors such as better case ascertainment or changes in the demographic structure of the population, or to unknown environmental factors. The longitudinal Gompertzian analysis ...
Drever F - - 1995
Regional and local authority patterns of mortality in England and Wales for both males and females are presented for the latest available years (1989-93). The familiar geographic pattern of higher mortality in the north and west and lower mortality to the south and east of the country has continued into ...
Mathers C - - 1995
"There has recently been a movement of Aboriginals to outlying settlements [in Australia]. This article...examines the patterns of mortality in remote Aboriginal communities and compares these with rates for other locations in Australia's northern regions. The results indicate mortality rates several times higher in remote Aboriginal settlements than elsewhere in ...
McLoone P - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To compare the mortality experience of Scottish postcode sectors characterised by socioeconomic census variables (Carstairs scores) in 1980-2 and 1990-2. METHODS: Variables derived from the 1981 and 1991 censuses were combined according to the method devised by Carstairs and Morris to obtain Carstairs scores for 1010 postcode sectors in ...
Parker T F TF - - 1994
The United States dialysis population has an excessive mortality rate that cannot be fully explained by comorbid conditions or demographic factors. The quantity of dialysis has been suggested to be insufficient. This report reviews the several dialysis-related factors that impact on mortality. Since the National Cooperative Dialysis Study in 1983, ...
Burreson E M - - 1994
Cultured Perkinsus marinus cells were exposed for 24 hr to salinities of 0, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 22 ppt at temperatures of 1, 5, 10, 15 and 28 degrees C in artificial seawater (ASW) and to the same salinities at 28 degrees C in ASW with the osmotic concentration ...
Greenberg J - - 1994
On the basis of terror management theory, research has shown that subtle mortality salience inductions engender increased prejudice, nationalism, and intergroup bias. Study 1 replicated this effect (increased preference for a pro-U.S. author over an anti-U.S. author) and found weaker effects when Ss are led to think more deeply about ...
Miller P - - 1994
From 1982 the Ministry of Health of Egypt implemented the National Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases Project (NCDDP) which attempted to improve case management of childhood diarrhoea by making oral rehydration salts (ORS) widely available and used, to improve feeding patterns during diarrhoea, and other measures. National data indicate a high ...
Marcuzzi G - - 1994
For five localities of Western Alps (Val d'Aosta and Piemonte) inhabited by Walser populations (Gressoney-la-Trinité, Gressoney St. Jean, Issime, Macugnaga and Rima) the main features of mortality are described, namely raw death rate, seasonality of deaths, distribution of deaths according to age classes and infant mortality. Death rate is higher ...
McMahan H - - 1994
Too many babies were dying in Fort Worth, TX, in the late 1980's. In fact, at the time, the city had the highest infant mortality rate of any of the major cities in Texas and one of the highest in the nation. These statistics spurred Fort Worth's Harris Methodist Health ...
Ellman M - - 1994
The author describes recent trends in mortality and morbidity in the successor states to the former Soviet Union. Separate consideration is given to mortality under late perestroika (1987-1991) and subsequent mortality trends. The author concludes that "the collapse of the USSR and the problems of the successor states have had ...
Knowles T G - - 1994
The computerised records of all the lambs slaughtered at one plant from August 1991 to July 1992 were used to determine the mortality rate throughout the year and to examine the variables that could have been associated with changes in the mortality rate. The plant processed 3.3 per cent of ...
Cook D J - - 1994
We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate whether stress ulcer prophylaxis with histamine-2-receptor antagonists or antacids reduces mortality in critically ill patients. It appears that sucralfate results in a lower incidence of nosocomial pneumonia than either antacids or histamine-2-receptor antagonists. With respect to mortality, strong trends favored sucralfate over both antacids ...
French N P - - 1994
A detailed study of the effects of tail docking on lamb health and productivity was prompted by current concern about the welfare aspects of lamb tail amputation. Using a controlled field trial, comparing over 3000 docked and undocked lambs on seven farms, the effects of tail docking on mortality, blowfly ...
Galley C - - 1994
Early-modern cities are often perceived to be centres of high mortality and under constant siege from a barrage of epidemics. However, few urban mortality rates have been calculated and by employing parish register evidence from the regional capital of York, the thesis that the city was subjected to continual sudden ...
Neilson S - - 1994
Mortality from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in Norway has increased substantially over the last two or three decades, as it has in other Western nations. The reasons for this general increase are not clear, but the rise has been attributed to increasing exposure to a broad range of environmental agents. ...
Riggs J E - - 1994
Cohort analysis of cancer mortality in industrialized countries has led to the generally accepted conclusion that these populations have been exposed to increasing levels of carcinogenic influences. Age-specific cancer mortality rates in the United States from 1962 to 1988 were portrayed in both cross-sectional and cohort manners. Both representations are ...
Dye T D - - 1994
Patterns of infant mortality in Oklahoma are unlike the rest of the United States. Oklahoma has a significantly higher post neonatal mortality rate than the United States, with SIDS and congenital disorders being the leading causes of death in that age group. Conversely, Oklahoma has a significantly lower neonatal mortality ...
Gould J M - - 1994
An investigation of the mortality rates of young adults born in the postwar period of large-scale atmospheric nuclear testing (1945-1965) in the United States and other western industrial nations reveals an increasingly anomalous rise in mortality from its previous secular decline. Beginning in the late 1970s and particularly since 1983, ...
Huang R - - 1994
"This article offers a detailed discussion of Chinese mortality as confirmed by data from the 1982 and 1990 censuses. It points out that, in measuring the actual mortality in China in the 1980s, attention should be paid not only to infant mortality but also to failures in reporting deaths of ...
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