Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1391
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Fleisch Abby F AF From the aDivision of Endocrinology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; bObesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA; cDepartment of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; dDepartment of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel; eDepartments of Biostatistics and fNutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; gChanning Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2015
Prenatal air pollution exposure inhibits fetal growth, but implications for postnatal growth are unknown. We assessed weights and lengths of US infants in the Project Viva cohort at birth and 6 months. We estimated 3rd-trimester residential air pollution exposures using spatiotemporal models. We estimated neighborhood traffic density and roadway proximity ...
van Deutekom A W AW Department of Pediatrics, EMGO Institute for Health & Care Research, Institute for Cardiovascular Research VU, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Background:Low birth weight and accelerated infant growth are independently associated with childhood obesity. We hypothesized that birth weight and infant growth are associated with physical fitness in childhood, and thereby could act as a link in the developmental origins of obesity. In addition, we assessed whether these associations were mediated ...
de Beer M M Department of Pediatrics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
BackgroundGrowth and feeding during infancy have been associated with later life BMI. However, the associations of infant feeding, linear growth and weight gain relative to linear growth with separate components of body composition remain unclear.MethodsOf 5551 children with collected growth- and infant feeding data in a prospective cohort study (Amsterdam ...
Kiy Alice M AM Neonatal Unit, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the growth pattern of low birth weight preterm infants born to hypertensive mothers, the occurrence of growth disorders, and risk factors for inadequate growth at 24 months of corrected age (CA). Cohort study of preterm low birth weight infants followed until 24 months CA, in a university hospital ...
Columbus Daniel A DA Department of Pediatrics, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2014
Approximately 10 % of infants born in the United States are of low birth weight. Growth failure during the neonatal period is a common occurrence in low birth weight infants due to their inability to tolerate full feeds, concerns about advancing protein supply, and high nutrient requirements for growth. An improved ...
Kon Igor Ya IY Department of Infant and Children Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russian - - 2014
Background: Excessive consumption of protein that leads to increased blood levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is an important risk factor for high growth velocity and obesity in formula-fed infants. However, it is not clear whether these factors can explain the high growth velocity in breast-fed infants. Aim: To study ...
Strømmen Kenneth K Department of Neonatal Intensive Care, Women and Children's Division, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, - - 2014
Background: Extrauterine growth restriction is common among very low birth weight infants (VLBW, BW <1,500 g). Optimal postnatal nutrient supply is essential to limit growth restriction and ensure adequate growth and neurodevelopment. Objectives: We compared an enhanced postnatal nutrient supply to a standard supply and evaluated the effects on growth ...
Armoni Domany K K 1] Department of Neonatology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel [2] Department of Pediatrics, Dana Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Objective:Little is known about the composition of human milk (HM) expressed by mothers of asymmetrically growth-restricted infants. To test the null hypothesis that lactating mothers of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants produce milk with fat content similar to that of lactating mothers of infants whose growth is appropriate for gestational age (AGA).Study ...
Khodabakhshi A A Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Obese infants are more susceptible to develop adulthood obesity and its related comorbidities. Previous studies have shown the presence of hormones and growth factors in maternal breast milk that may influence infant adiposity. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in concentrations of three hormones and two growth ...
Nissensohn M M a Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria , - - 2014
Abstract A systematic review and meta-analysis of available randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to evaluate the effect of zinc (Zn) intake on growth in infants. Out of 5500 studies identified through electronic searches and reference lists, 19 RCTs were selected after applying the exclusion/inclusion criteria. The influence of Zn ...
Thaman Lauren A LA Research and Development, The Procter & Gamble Company, Cincinnati, - - 2014
There are tremendous variations in diapering practices, reflecting varying cultural practices and regional difference. Around the world, more than 134 million babies are born each year, a rate of 255 births per minute or 4.3 births each second. While global population growth has been steadily declining from its peak in ...
Blair Eve M EM Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, West Perth, Western Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of the study was to improve the understanding of etiological paths to cerebral palsy (CP) that include fetal growth restriction by examining factors associated with growth restriction that modify CP risk. In a total population of singletons born at or after 35 weeks, there were 493 children with ...
Chen Jie J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To clarify whether maternal HBsAg positivity may add risk for adverse neonatal outcomes and even affect child's growth. Methods: The perinatal data and neonatal outcomes in 380 HBsAg-positive and 428 HBsAg-negative women delivered during 2002-2004 were investigated. Furthermore, 271 (71.3%) children of HBsAg-positive and 297 (69.4%) of HBsAg-negative ...
Monier I I Inserm UMR 1153, Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Research Team (Epopé), Center for Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité, DHU Risks in pregnancy, Paris Descartes University, Paris, - - 2014
To assess the proportion of small for gestational age (SGA) and normal birthweight infants suspected of fetal growth restriction (FGR) during pregnancy, and to investigate obstetric and neonatal outcomes by suspicion of FGR and SGA status at birth. Population-based study. All French maternity units in 2010. Representative sample of singleton ...
Quinn Elizabeth A EA Department of Anthropology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA - - 2014
Human milk contains many metabolic hormones that may influence infant growth. Milk leptin is positively associated with maternal adiposity and inversely associated with infant growth. Most research has been conducted in populations with higher leptin levels; it is not well understood how milk leptin may vary in lean populations or ...
Sangild Per T PT University of Copenhagen - - 2014
Intestinal failure (IF), due to short bowel syndrome (SBS), results from surgical resection of a major portion of the intestine, leading to reduced nutrient absorption, and need for parenteral nutrition (PN). The incidence is highest in infants and relates to preterm birth, necrotizing enterocolitis, atresia, gastroschisis, volvulus and aganglionosis. Patient ...
Lee Jieun J Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) present with short stature and obesity. The growth pattern of children with PWS is different from that of the healthy population. Therefore, it is not appropriate to use normal growth charts to evaluate the growth status of children with PWS. We aimed to develop disease-specific ...
Yumani Dana F J DF Division of Neonatology; Department of Paediatrics; VU University medical center; Amsterdam; The - - 2014
It has been demonstrated that a high protein diet in preterm born infants during the first weeks of life may enable a growth rate equal to that seen in utero and may also result in a better long term neurodevelopmental outcome. This diet may limit immediate postnatal growth retardation and ...
Bowman Christopher J CJ Pfizer Inc, Groton, Connecticut, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two intravenous studies with tanezumab, an anti- nerve growth factor monoclonal antibody, were conducted in pregnant cynomolgus monkeys to assess potential effects on pregnancy and pre- and postnatal development. Study 1 evaluated infants up to 12 months of age following weekly maternal dosing (0, 0.5, 4 or 30mg/kg; 18 per ...
Benvenisti Haggai H Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion, Haifa, - - 2014
Supratentorial cortical mantle growth after shunt surgery in infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus is common. However, cerebellar growth and Chiari are rare. We describe a term newborn with an intraventricular hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus who underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy followed by shunt placement at age 4 months. After shunt placement, her head ...
Shah P P Department of Neonatal Paediatrics, KEM Hospital for Women, Perth, - - 2014
Abstract Optimising enteral nutrition of extremely preterm neonates (EP: Gestation <28 weeks) with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) has always been difficult considering their higher risk of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), and frequency of feed intolerance. Aim: To evaluate the nutritional outcomes in EP neonates with IUGR. Methods: Data on demographic characteristics, ...
Mericq VerÓnica V Institute of Maternal and Child Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile,Santiago, - - 2014
Background: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a metabolic and growth regulator. Aim: To investigate the role of FGF21 during growth in infancy. Methods: Blood samples for FGF21, leptin, insulin and glucose were collected from cord blood obtained from 95 preterm and term newborns (cross-sectional group), and at 6 and ...
van der Valk Ralf J P RJ Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Department of Paediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Common genetic variants have been identified for adult height, but not much is known about the genetics of skeletal growth in early life. To identify common genetic variants that influence fetal skeletal growth, we meta-analyzed 22 genome-wide association studies (Stage 1; N=28,459). We identified 7 independent top SNPs (P<1x10(-6)) for ...
Maas Christoph C Department of Neonatology, University Hospital, Tuebingen, - - 2014
Inadequate nutrient intakes in the first postnatal weeks play a crucial role in the aetiology of postnatal growth restriction of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. Efforts to improve early nutrition in these infants led to a significant reduction in postnatal growth failure. Initiation of enhanced parenteral nutrition immediately after birth ...
Eriksen Willy - - 2014
High birth weight (>4.0 kg) has been associated with a wide range of health problems later in life. The interpretation of these statistical associations may be difficult, however. These difficulties are closely linked to methodological challenges in this research, such as filtering out confounding from family factors, disentangling associations with ...
Kronborg Hanne - - 2014
Early introduction of complementary feeding may interfere with breastfeeding and the infant's self-controlled appetite resulting in increased growth. The aim of the present study was to investigate predictors for early introduction of solid food. In an observational study Danish mothers filled in a self-administered questionnaire approximately six months after birth. ...
Kim Kwang-Ryeol KR Department of Neurosurgery, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors associated with the development of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GM-IVH) and the relationship of the severity of disease and prematurity. A total of 168 premature neonates whose birth weight ≤1500 g or gestational age ≤34 weeks were examined by cranial ...
Johnson Mark J MJ National Institute for Health Research, Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust and University of Southampton, Southampton, UK Department of Neonatal Medicine, Princess Anne Hospital, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, - - 2014
Adequate nutrition and growth during the neonatal period are important, especially for preterm infants, for whom there is evidence of poor nutrient intakes and growth, and this has important implications for their health in later life. Increased nutritional support while on the neonatal intensive care unit has been shown to ...
Sammallahti Sara S Institute of Behavioral Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether faster growth from birth to term (40 postmenstrual weeks) and during the first year thereafter was associated with better neurocognitive abilities in adults born preterm with very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g). Weight, length, and head circumference data of 103 VLBW participants of the Helsinki Study of ...
Hanieh Sarah S Department of Medicine, Doherty Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
To determine which antenatal and early-life factors were associated with infant postnatal growth in a resource-poor setting in Vietnam. Prospective longitudinal study following infants (n=1046) born to women who had previously participated in a cluster randomised trial of micronutrient supplementation (ANZCTR:12610000944033), Ha Nam province, Vietnam. Antenatal and early infant factors ...
van de Lagemaat M M Department of Pediatrics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Early growth restriction followed by nutritional intakes that permit accelerated growth may result in adiposity and metabolic disease in later life. This study compared growth, body composition and nutritional intake between term age and 6 months post-term in 83 appropriate-for-gestational-age preterm infants with growth restriction at term age (AGA GR+), ...
Mukhopadhyay Kanya K Neonatal Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India Correspondence to: Dr Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Additional Professor (Neonatology), Department of Pediatrics, PGIMER, Chandigarh 160 012, India. - - 2014
To study post-discharge growth, mortality and morbidity of extremely low birth weight neonates at corrected age of 2 years. Weight, length and head circumference were compared on WHO growth charts at corrected ages 3 (n=54), 6, 9, 12 (n=51) and 24 months (n=37); rates of underweight, stunting, microcephaly and wasting ...
Villar José J Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Oxford Maternal and Perinatal Health Institute, Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 2006, WHO published international growth standards for children younger than 5 years, which are now accepted worldwide. In the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project, our aim was to complement them by developing international standards for fetuses, newborn infants, and the postnatal growth period of preterm infants. INTERGROWTH-21(st) is a population-based project that ...
Lee Jennifer W JW Newborn Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
To determine, among very preterm newborns, if those who are growth restricted are at increased risk of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and to explore if the mixed findings of prior studies are the consequence of sampling based upon birth weight instead of gestational age. Using data from the ELGAN Study, ...
Addo O Y OY Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Associations between parental and offspring size at birth are well established, but the relative importance of parental growth at different ages as predictors of offspring birthweight is less certain. Here we model parental birthweight and postnatal conditional growth in specific age periods as predictors of offspring birthweight. We analyzed data ...
Mallard Simonette R SR Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand; - - 2014
Although numerous cross-sectional studies have shown an association between WHO infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators and child anthropometric measures, limited longitudinal evidence exists linking these indicators with subsequent growth. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether meeting WHO IYCF indicators at 6 and 12 mo of ...
Heerman William J WJ Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn. Electronic address: - - 2014
To quantify the combined effect of maternal prepregnancy obesity and maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) on the shape of infant growth throughout the first year of life. A retrospective cohort of mother-child dyads with children born between January 2007 and May 2012 was identified in a linked electronic medical record. ...
Thorne J - - 2014
Infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are at an increased risk of perinatal disease, including death. Many, but not all small for gestational age infants (SGA) have IUGR. Placental disease is an important cause of IUGR, and gross and microscopic examination is critical in explaining such cases. Reports of placentas ...
Marseglia Lucia L Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Messina, - - 2014
Objective: Nutritional management influences immediate survival as well as subsequent growth and development of low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Preterm infant formula (PTF) is used when there is an inadequate supply of mother's milk or when the mother is unable to breastfeed and donor ...
Zwaigenbaum Lonnie L University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although early brain overgrowth is frequently reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the relationship between ASD and head circumference (HC) is less clear, with inconsistent findings from longitudinal studies that include community controls. Our aim was to examine whether head growth in the first 3 years differed between children with ...
Bigham Abigail W AW Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; - - 2014
Low birth weight and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) increase the risk of mortality and morbidity during the perinatal period as well as in adulthood. Environmental and genetic factors contribute to IUGR, but the influence of maternal genetic variation on birth weight is largely unknown. We implemented a gene-by-environment study wherein ...
Casper Charlotte C *Unit of Neonatology, Children's Hospital, Paul Sabatier University Toulouse, Toulouse, France †Division of Neonatology, Polytechnic University of Marche and Salesi's Children Hospital, Ancona, Italy ‡Department of Neonatology, Maternite Regionale, Université de Lorraine, Nancy §Department of Neonatology, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris Necker Hospital, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France ||Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy ¶Swedish Orphan Biovitrum (Sobi), Stockholm #Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Preterm infants often experience suboptimal growth, which can affect organ development. The aim of this study was to improve growth by treatment with bile salt-stimulated lipase (BSSL), naturally present in breast milk, but lost after pasteurization, and absent in formula. Two clinical trials were performed with a predefined analysis of ...
Griffey Jack A F JA School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, - - 2014
Human preferences for facial attractiveness appear to emerge at an early stage during infant development. A number of studies have demonstrated that infants display a robust preference for facial attractiveness, preferring to look at physically attractive faces versus less attractive faces as judged by adults. However, to-date, relatively little is ...
Leeuwen Lisette L Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia; Medical School, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have high rates of mortality and long-term morbidity, including poor growth and failure to thrive. The aim of this study was to describe growth patterns during the first year of life in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia in a non-ECMO cohort. Medical records of ...
Pueyo Victoria V Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain; Aragon Health Sciences Institute (IACS), Zaragoza, Spain; Aragon Health Sciences Institute (IACS), Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Visual cognitive functions of preverbal infants are evaluated by means of a behavioral assessment. Parents or primary caregivers may be appropriate to certify the acquisition of certain abilities. To develop the PreViAs (Preverbal Visual Assessment) questionnaire to assess visual behavior of infants under 24months of age and to assess the ...
Saito Atsuko A Department of Cognitive and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo Tokyo, - - 2014
The neuropeptide oxytocin plays a central role in prosocial and parental behavior in non-human mammals as well as humans. It has been suggested that oxytocin may affect visual processing of infant faces and emotional reaction to infants. Healthy male volunteers (N = 13) were tested for their ability to detect ...
Vásquez-Garibay Edgar M EM Hospital Civil de Guadalajara Dr. Juan I. Menchaca. Instituto de Nutrición Humana. Universidad de Guadalajara. México.. - - 2014
Anthropometric indicators are difficult to interpret in very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants, including both appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Therefore, the purpose was to describe the anthropometric indicators of growth and nutritional status in VLBW premature infants AGA and SGA, hospitalized ...
Abdeyazdan Zahra Z Department of Pediatrics, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, - - 2014
Growth and development monitoring could lead to general judgment about children's health. With advances in NICUs establishment, the survival rate of very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates has increased in many countries including Iran. Because of the lack of studies about growth and development pattern of low birth weight (LBW) ...
Grunewald Maria M Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, - - 2014
Breast-feeding is considered to offer optimal nutrition for healthy infant growth and development. Observational studies have linked breast-feeding to reduced obesity. Case Observation: We observed an infant who was born macrosomic (4.56 kg) and showed excessive weight gain markedly exceeding the 97th percentile of weight during full breast-feeding. At the ...
le Roux Ingrid M IM Philani Maternal, Child Health and Nutrition Project, Cape Town, South - - 2014
Paraprofessional home visitors trained to improve multiple outcomes (HIV, alcohol, infant health, and malnutrition) have been shown to benefit mothers and children over 18 months in a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT). These longitudinal analyses examine the mechanisms which influence child outcomes at 18 months post-birth in Cape Town, South ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >