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Sammallahti Sara S Institute of Behavioral Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether faster growth from birth to term (40 postmenstrual weeks) and during the first year thereafter was associated with better neurocognitive abilities in adults born preterm with very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g). Weight, length, and head circumference data of 103 VLBW participants of the Helsinki Study of ...
Hanieh Sarah S Department of Medicine, Doherty Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
To determine which antenatal and early-life factors were associated with infant postnatal growth in a resource-poor setting in Vietnam. Prospective longitudinal study following infants (n=1046) born to women who had previously participated in a cluster randomised trial of micronutrient supplementation (ANZCTR:12610000944033), Ha Nam province, Vietnam. Antenatal and early infant factors ...
van de Lagemaat M M Department of Pediatrics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Early growth restriction followed by nutritional intakes that permit accelerated growth may result in adiposity and metabolic disease in later life. This study compared growth, body composition and nutritional intake between term age and 6 months post-term in 83 appropriate-for-gestational-age preterm infants with growth restriction at term age (AGA GR+), ...
Mukhopadhyay Kanya K Neonatal Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India Correspondence to: Dr Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Additional Professor (Neonatology), Department of Pediatrics, PGIMER, Chandigarh 160 012, India. - - 2014
To study post-discharge growth, mortality and morbidity of extremely low birth weight neonates at corrected age of 2 years. Weight, length and head circumference were compared on WHO growth charts at corrected ages 3 (n=54), 6, 9, 12 (n=51) and 24 months (n=37); rates of underweight, stunting, microcephaly and wasting ...
Villar José J Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Oxford Maternal and Perinatal Health Institute, Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 2006, WHO published international growth standards for children younger than 5 years, which are now accepted worldwide. In the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project, our aim was to complement them by developing international standards for fetuses, newborn infants, and the postnatal growth period of preterm infants. INTERGROWTH-21(st) is a population-based project that ...
Lee Jennifer W JW Newborn Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
To determine, among very preterm newborns, if those who are growth restricted are at increased risk of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and to explore if the mixed findings of prior studies are the consequence of sampling based upon birth weight instead of gestational age. Using data from the ELGAN Study, ...
Addo O Y OY Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Associations between parental and offspring size at birth are well established, but the relative importance of parental growth at different ages as predictors of offspring birthweight is less certain. Here we model parental birthweight and postnatal conditional growth in specific age periods as predictors of offspring birthweight. We analyzed data ...
Heerman William J WJ Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn. Electronic address: - - 2014
To quantify the combined effect of maternal prepregnancy obesity and maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) on the shape of infant growth throughout the first year of life. A retrospective cohort of mother-child dyads with children born between January 2007 and May 2012 was identified in a linked electronic medical record. ...
Marseglia Lucia L Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Messina, - - 2014
Objective: Nutritional management influences immediate survival as well as subsequent growth and development of low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Preterm infant formula (PTF) is used when there is an inadequate supply of mother's milk or when the mother is unable to breastfeed and donor ...
Zwaigenbaum Lonnie L University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although early brain overgrowth is frequently reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the relationship between ASD and head circumference (HC) is less clear, with inconsistent findings from longitudinal studies that include community controls. Our aim was to examine whether head growth in the first 3 years differed between children with ...
Bigham Abigail W AW Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; - - 2014
Low birth weight and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) increase the risk of mortality and morbidity during the perinatal period as well as in adulthood. Environmental and genetic factors contribute to IUGR, but the influence of maternal genetic variation on birth weight is largely unknown. We implemented a gene-by-environment study wherein ...
Casper Charlotte C *Unit of Neonatology, Children's Hospital, Paul Sabatier University Toulouse, Toulouse, France †Division of Neonatology, Polytechnic University of Marche and Salesi's Children Hospital, Ancona, Italy ‡Department of Neonatology, Maternite Regionale, Université de Lorraine, Nancy §Department of Neonatology, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris Necker Hospital, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France ||Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy ¶Swedish Orphan Biovitrum (Sobi), Stockholm #Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Preterm infants often experience suboptimal growth, which can affect organ development. The aim of this study was to improve growth by treatment with bile salt-stimulated lipase (BSSL), naturally present in breast milk, but lost after pasteurization, and absent in formula. Two clinical trials were performed with a predefined analysis of ...
Griffey Jack A F JA School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, - - 2014
Human preferences for facial attractiveness appear to emerge at an early stage during infant development. A number of studies have demonstrated that infants display a robust preference for facial attractiveness, preferring to look at physically attractive faces versus less attractive faces as judged by adults. However, to-date, relatively little is ...
Leeuwen Lisette L Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia; Medical School, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have high rates of mortality and long-term morbidity, including poor growth and failure to thrive. The aim of this study was to describe growth patterns during the first year of life in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia in a non-ECMO cohort. Medical records of ...
Pueyo Victoria V Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain; Aragon Health Sciences Institute (IACS), Zaragoza, Spain; Aragon Health Sciences Institute (IACS), Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Visual cognitive functions of preverbal infants are evaluated by means of a behavioral assessment. Parents or primary caregivers may be appropriate to certify the acquisition of certain abilities. To develop the PreViAs (Preverbal Visual Assessment) questionnaire to assess visual behavior of infants under 24months of age and to assess the ...
Saito Atsuko A Department of Cognitive and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo Tokyo, - - 2014
The neuropeptide oxytocin plays a central role in prosocial and parental behavior in non-human mammals as well as humans. It has been suggested that oxytocin may affect visual processing of infant faces and emotional reaction to infants. Healthy male volunteers (N = 13) were tested for their ability to detect ...
Vásquez-Garibay Edgar M EM Hospital Civil de Guadalajara Dr. Juan I. Menchaca. Instituto de Nutrición Humana. Universidad de Guadalajara. México.. - - 2014
Anthropometric indicators are difficult to interpret in very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants, including both appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Therefore, the purpose was to describe the anthropometric indicators of growth and nutritional status in VLBW premature infants AGA and SGA, hospitalized ...
Abdeyazdan Zahra Z Department of Pediatrics, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, - - 2014
Growth and development monitoring could lead to general judgment about children's health. With advances in NICUs establishment, the survival rate of very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates has increased in many countries including Iran. Because of the lack of studies about growth and development pattern of low birth weight (LBW) ...
McGlone Laura - - 2013
Flash visual evoked potentials (VEPs) were abnormal in a cohort of 100 neonates exposed to maintenance methadone in utero. This prospective cohort study now describes clinical visual and electrophysiological outcomes at 6 months. Visual assessment included modified Atkinson test battery; strabismus, nystagmus, reduced visual acuity, delayed visual maturation or refractive ...
Frank Michael C - - 2013
Newborn babies look preferentially at faces and face-like displays, yet over the course of their first year much changes about both the way infants process visual stimuli and how they allocate their attention to the social world. Despite this initial preference for faces in restricted contexts, the amount that infants ...
Atkinson Janette J Department of Developmental Science, University College London, London, - - 2013
We discuss hypotheses that link the measurements we can make with infants to inferences about their developing neural mechanisms. First, we examine evidence from the sensitivity to visual stimulus properties seen in infants' responses, using both electrophysiological measures (transient and steady-state recordings of visual evoked potentials/visual event-related potentials) and behavioral ...
Robertson Steven S - - 2013
Visual foraging is one important way that very young infants explore and learn about their environment. We recently showed that a simple stochastic dynamical model acts quantitatively like free-looking 1-month-old infants, even though it does not include any components that directly represent the perceptual-cognitive processes that operate on the input ...
Pinello Luisa - - 2013
To study causal links between the visual, cognitive, and psychomotor outcomes of premature babies who are small for gestational age (SGA). A cohort study of 17 SGA cases and 34 controls who were appropriate for gestational age (AGA) was carried out. The cases were all premature babies without any other ...
Chau Vann - - 2013
Considerable development of the visual system occurs in the third trimester of life, a time when very preterm-born infants are in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Their very early birth during a period of rapid and marked neurodevelopment and their clinical course makes them a very high-risk population. A ...
Elsabbagh Mayada M Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Quebec H3Z 1P2, Canada. - - 2013
Early emerging characteristics of visual orienting have been associated with a wide range of typical and atypical developmental outcomes. In the current study, we examined the development of visual disengagement in infants at risk for autism. We measured the efficiency of disengaging from a central visual stimulus to orient to ...
Durand Karine - - 2013
This study investigated whether an odor can affect infants' attention to visually presented objects and whether it can selectively direct visual gaze at visual targets as a function of their meaning. Four-month-old infants (nā€Š=ā€Š48) were exposed to their mother's body odors while their visual exploration was recorded with an eye-movement ...
Qawasmi Ahmad A Child Study Center and cDepartment of Psychiatry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA. - - 2013
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) are hypothesized to affect visual acuity development in infants. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted to assess whether supplementation of LCPUFAs of infant formulas affects infant visual acuity. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate whether LCPUFA supplementation of infant formulas improves infants' visual acuity. ...
Carroll Kecia N - - 2012
Among infants with prematurity and/or chronic lung disease for whom respiratory syncytial virus immunoprophylaxis is recommended, we examined adherence in infants enrolled during healthcare visits for acute respiratory illness in 3 U.S. counties from 2001 to 2007. Immunoprophylaxis among infants who met national criteria for prophylaxis increased from 33% to ...
Molloy Carly - - 2012
Preterm children are at risk for a number of visual impairments which can be important for a range of other more complex visuocognitive tasks reliant on visual information. Despite the relatively high incidence of visual impairments in this group there are no good predictors that would allow early identification of ...
Diener Lara C LC Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2012
Early infant HIV-1 diagnosis and treatment substantially improve survival. Where virologic HIV-1 testing is unavailable, integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) clinical algorithms may be used for infant HIV-1 screening. We evaluated the performance of the 2008 WHO IMCI HIV algorithm in a cohort of HIV-exposed Kenyan infants. From 1999 ...
Moerchen Victoria A - - 2012
This study examined infant treadmill stepping in two groups of pre-locomotor infants in response to terrestrial optic flow. The optic flow was provided via the treadmill belt for flow translation that was directionally consistent with the forward stepping of the infants. Twelve 2-5-month-old and twelve 7-10-month-old infants participated. Visual attention ...
Sacrey Lori-Ann R LA Department of Neuroscience, Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, AB, T1K 3M4, Canada. - - 2012
The reach-to-eat movement is a natural act in which an object or food item is grasped and brought to the mouth. It is one of the earliest forelimb behaviours displayed by human infants, who bring almost all grasped objects to the mouth, and is used daily by adults. In adults, ...
Islami Zia Z Department of Pediatrics, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2012
Low birth weight (LBW or birth weight <2500 g) is one of the most serious health problems in today's world. The purpose of this study was to evaluate growth parameters of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admitted LBW preterm neonates at corrected ages of 6 and 12 months. In a ...
Palombi Leonardo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available on antiretroviral concentrations in women/infant pairs receiving prophylaxis for breastfeeding transmission of HIV and on the relationship between drug levels and the virological and haematochemistry parameters. METHODS: Patient population included HIV-positive pregnant women receiving antiretroviral prophylaxis from gestational week 25 until 6 months after delivery ...
Dow Anna A Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7435, USA. - - 2012
The World Health Organization guidelines recommend cotrimoxazole prophylactic treatment (CPT) for all HIV-exposed infants from age 6 weeks to the cessation of breastfeeding and the exclusion of HIV infection. There are limited data on the effects of CPT among this population of infants. We examined the effects of CPT on ...
McCollum Eric D ED Department of Pediatrics, Kamuzu Central Hospital, University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi. - - 2012
Although the Malawian government recommends HIV-exposed infants receive early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV at "under-five" pediatric clinics (U5Cs), most never enroll. Therefore, we evaluated the integration of EID testing into an immunization clinic (IC) compared with the current standard of EID testing at an U5C. Prospective observational study. Using ...
Gutierrez Mavel - - 2012
Background. Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in pregnancy in the United States, the time of seroreversion in infants born to HIV-infected mothers has not been documented. The objective of this study was to determine the timing of clearance ...
Minniear Timothy D - - 2012
We compared adverse events among breastfeeding neonates born to Kenyan mothers receiving triple-antiretroviral therapy including either nevirapine or nelfinavir. Nevirapine-exposed infants had an absolute increase in risk for rash but no significant risk differences for hepatotoxicity or high-risk hyperbilirubinemia compared with nelfinavir-exposed infants. From an infant-safety perspective, nevirapine-based regimens given ...
Kitchin Omolemo P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Acute severe pneumonia with respiratory failure in human immunodeficiency virus-infected and -exposed infants carries a high mortality. Pneumocystis jiroveci is one cause, but other organisms have been suggested to play a role. Our objective is to describe the coinfections and treatment strategies in a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus-infected ...
Madlon-Kay Diane J - - 2012
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine clinician adherence to the 2004 American Academy of Pediatrics guideline for phototherapy use in newborns; (2) to compare adherence to the guideline in 2 different hospitals; and (3) to determine whether adherence to the guideline improved after the phototherapy nomogram was ...
Wamalwa Dalton - - 2012
Late presentation is common among African HIV-1-infected infants. Incidence and correlates of mortality were examined in 99 infants with HIV-1 diagnosis by 5 months of age. Twelve-month survival was 66.8% (95% confidence interval: 55.9-75.6%). World Health Organization stage 3 or 4, underweight, wasting, microcephaly, low hemoglobin, pneumonia and gastroenteritis predicted ...
Lehman Dara A DA Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, - - 2012
Resistance commonly arises in infants exposed to single-dose nevirapine (sdNVP) for prevention of mother to child transmission. Although K103N and Y181C are common following sdNVP, multiple other mutations also confer NVP resistance. It remains unclear whether specific NVP resistance mutations or combinations of mutations predict virologic failure in infants when ...
Mutasa Kuda - - 2012
Among 453 untreated HIV-infected Zimbabwean infants, six-week viral load (VL) was the only infant factor that independently predicted mortality. Infants with VL≥1.59 million copies/mL (cohort median) had 3-fold increased mortality through 6 months [HR 3.07(95%CI 2.16, 4.38); P<0.001] and 2-fold increased mortality through 12 months [HR 2.03 (95% CI 1.41, ...
Nielsen-Saines Karin - - 2012
The safety and efficacy of adding antiretroviral drugs to standard zidovudine prophylaxis in infants of mothers with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who did not receive antenatal antiretroviral therapy (ART) because of late identification are unclear. We evaluated three ART regimens in such infants. Within 48 hours after their birth, ...
Frederick Toni - - 2012
Background. Before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), congenital CMV rates were higher among HIV-exposed infants compared to unexposed infants. This study examines congenital and perinatal/early postnatal (P/EP) CMV rates among HIVexposed infants before and after HAART.Methods. Infants born to HIV-infected women were evaluated for congenital CMV infection (CMV+ culture in the first ...
Ciampa Philip J PJ Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37203, USA. - - 2012
Early infant diagnosis (EID) is the first step in HIV care, yet 75% of HIV-exposed infants born at 2 hospitals in Mozambique failed to access EID. Before/after study. Two district hospitals in rural Mozambique. HIV-infected mother/HIV-exposed infant pairs (n = 791). We planned 2 phases of improvement using quality improvement ...
Flax Valerie L - - 2012
The Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition Study evaluated the effect of daily consumption of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) by 2121 lactating, HIV-infected mothers on the growth of their exclusively breast-fed, HIV-uninfected infants from 0 to 24 wk. The study had a 2 × 3 factorial design. Malawian mothers with CD4(+) ≥250 ...
Frank Monika - - 2012
Single-dose nevirapine for mothers and newborns at delivery is the simplest prevention strategy for vertical HIV-1 transmission and hence widely used in resource-constrained settings. HIV-1-positive mothers and newborns received single-dose nevirapine in a prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission (PMTCT) program in Uganda. In a pharmacokinetic investigation, breast milk and plasma ...
Tuhina Imam - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: HIV disease can lead to accelerated telomere attrition while certain drugs used as part of antiretroviral therapy (ART) can inhibit telomerase reverse transcriptase activity. This could in turn lead to shorter telomeres. We hypothesized that HIV and ART exposure would be associated with shorter leukocyte telomere length (TL) in ...
Dow Anna - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The World Health Organization guidelines recommend cotrimoxazole prophylactic treatment (CPT) for all HIV-exposed infants from age 6 weeks to the cessation of breastfeeding and the exclusion of HIV infection. There are limited data about the effects of CPT among this population of infants. We examined the effects of CPT ...
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