Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1365
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Chen Ju-Hsin - - 2005
An echovirus 11 outbreak occurred among neonates in an obstetric clinic in November 2003. Thirteen neonates were transferred to our medical center, and all were found to have echovirus 11 infection. Viral studies were performed for 32 other infants born in the clinic during the same period, including 30 asymptomatic ...
Casolari C - - 2005
We describe two concurrent outbreaks of Serratia marcescens and Klebsiella pneumoniae in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Over a 16-month period, a total of 27 infants were either colonized (N=14) or infected (N=13). There were 15 cases of S. marcescens and 11 cases of K. pneumoniae. Both micro-organisms were ...
Samransamruajkit Rujipat - - 2006
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a recently identified Paramyxovirus. The clinical features and molecular characteristics of hMPV in Asian populations have so far remained obscure. OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of hMPV in infants and young children presented with acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) and ...
Sakran Waheeb - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Acute otitis media (AOM) in the neonatal period can be difficult to diagnose. This infection can be isolated and localized, or it may be associated with serious bacterial infections or other illnesses. The objectives of this study were to determine the clinical presentation, etiology, susceptibility pattern, and frequency of ...
Huang Hsiang-Po - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Liver transplantation could be a useful treatment for selected inborn errors of metabolism. This study evaluated the outcome and viral infections after liver transplantation in young children and infants with these diseases. METHODS: The outcome of liver transplantation and clinical characteristics of the following 4 patients were ...
Sampath Venkatesh - - 2005
We report a case of fatal congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in a 695 gm, 29 weeks estimated gestational age premature infant. The newborn presented with hydrops fetalis, an unusual presentation of congenital CMV infection. In spite of ganciclovir therapy, the infant succumbed to his illness. Autopsy findings revealed the presence ...
Sloan David - - 2005
We aimed to determine factors associated with successful vaccination coverage and development of infection in high-risk infants born to hepatitis B infected women. Immunisation of 860/932 (92%) of babies was started within 48 h of birth and three doses of vaccination completed for 794/921 (86%). Only 543 (58%) infants were ...
Munro Sian C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common cause of viral intrauterine infection. In utero transmission can occur during primary maternal infection, reactivation or reinfection of seropositive mothers. OBJECTIVE: To describe the aetiology and clinical features of infants diagnosed with congenital CMV and to document maternal factors that were presented. ...
Efird Meica M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of nosocomial infections (NI) in neonatal intensive care units in developing countries has been poorly studied. We conducted a prospective study in selected neonatal units in Colombia, SA, to describe the incidence rate, causative organisms, and interinstitutional differences. STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected prospectively from February 20 ...
Bertini Giovanna - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefit of fluconazole prophylaxis in preventing invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with central vascular access. STUDY DESIGN: A 3-year baseline period (1998 to 2000) was compared with a subsequent 3-year period (2001 to 2003) during which a different protocol for preventing ...
Nizami Shaikh Qamaruddin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and incidence of Helicobacter pylori in children in Pakistan is not known. OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence and age of acquisition of Helicobacter pylori infection/colonization in infants in a peri-urban community in Karachi, Pakistan. SETTING: Field based epidemiologic study in a peri-urban community in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: ...
Malhotra Indu - - 2005
Real-time quantitative PCR (RTQ-PCR) provides a quick, accurate, and reproducible quantification of parasites. However, the value of RTQ-PCR for predicting clinical outcomes of malaria is unknown. Here, we compared RTQ-PCR to microscopy of blood smears, nested PCR (nPCR), and parasite circulating-antigen (CAg) assays for detection of Plasmodium falciparum in pregnant ...
Khoury Jad - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To describe an outbreak of hospital-acquired MRSA in a NICU and to identify the risk factors for, outcomes of, and interventions that eliminated it. SETTING: An 18-bed, level III-IV NICU in a community hospital. METHODS: Interventions to control MRSA included active surveillance, aggressive contact isolation, and cohorting and de-colonization ...
Ratanakorn Woranart - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Phramongkutklao CPG was developed for detecting infants with maternal PROM > or = 18 hours who had a high risk of infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine efficacy of the CPG, and risk factors of infection. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Eligible infants were categorized into group I ...
Battin Malcolm R - - 2005
Trichophyton rubrum is a dermatophyte that causes tinea infection in adults and children but infection is surprisingly rare in the preterm infant. We present two cases of T. rubrum infection in preterm infants, in which mother-to-child transmission appears to have occurred. We describe the clinical features, differential diagnosis, appropriate investigation ...
Bakr Ahmad F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if cleansing the birth canal with an antiseptic solution at delivery reduces infections in mothers and their newborn babies. METHODS: Women giving birth in the University Hospital, Alexandria, and their newborns were studied. No intervention for 3 months was followed by ...
Wang Jeng-Jye - - 2005
We report a case of an extremely-low-birth-weight premature infant with Trichomonas vaginalis infection of the vagina and urinary tract. Her mother is also infected with Trichomonas vaginalis but is asymptomatic. The patient's illness started as an asymptomatic pyuria and later on at early infancy developed profuse malodorous vaginal discharge. Her ...
Rittichier Kristine R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus (EV) infections commonly cause fever in infants younger than 90 days of age. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has improved our ability to diagnose EV infections. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens for the diagnosis of EV infections by PCR and to ...
O'Keefe Michael - - 2005
Bacterial endophthalmitis is rare in the neonatal period. It occurs in susceptible individuals such as preterm infants. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative bacillus, has been identified as the causative organism in more than 75% of invasive neonatal eye infections. The source may be endogenous; secondary to septicemia or exogenous, including reports ...
Brady Michael T - - 2005
Neonates represent a unique and highly vulnerable patient population. Advances in medical technology that have occurred over the last few decades have improved the survival and quality of life for neonates, particularly those infants born with extreme prematurity or with congenital defects. Although immunologic immaturity and altered cutaneous barriers play ...
Vega Roy - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on rapid viral testing in the febrile infant and child. Recent literature is reviewed regarding physician decision making, antibiotic use, ancillary testing use, and rate of serious bacterial infections concurrent with viral disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Two recent studies detail the use of rapid testing ...
Miron Dan - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and clinical manifestations of human breast milk (HMB)-associated acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in small premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of premature infants born at or prior to 32 weeks gestation, and or infants weighing 1500 g or less at birth. The babies were ...
Thalib L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of amniotic fluid for fetal toxoplasmosis according to clinical predictors of outcome and study centre. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Nine European centres. POPULATION: Women with suspected toxoplasma infection identified by prenatal screening. METHODS: Logistic regression was used to ...
Haque Khalid N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop definitions of bloodstream infections in the newborn that would enable clinicians to identify infection early, so patients can be enrolled in clinical trials. The definitions should be useful for surveillance and epidemiologic purposes. METHOD: Search of EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library using age and English language limited ...
Stanley Rachel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of serious bacterial infection in infants younger than 3 months with fever > or =40 degrees C. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all infants younger than 3 months with fever who presented to a pediatric emergency department. The medical records were reviewed. The prevalence of serious ...
Bleich A - - 2005
The Mongolian gerbil is an excellent animal model for Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis in humans. In this study, initially low colonization rates of the H. pylori strains ATCC 43504, SS1, or HP87 inoculated into gerbils caused difficulties in establishing this model. In order to increase the colonization ability and pathogenicity, the ...
Faden Howard - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To describe an outbreak of adenovirus, type 30, in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, observational study. RESULTS: An outbreak of adenovirus infection occurred in an NICU. It lasted 6 months and involved 21 of 333 (6.3%) infants. The introduction of infection control ...
Thrusfield M - - 2005
The foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Dumfries and Galloway in south-west Scotland comprised 177 infected premises (IPS) in 24 geographical clusters, and ran from March 1 until May 23, 2001. Initial seeding of infection was by livestock (predominantly sheep) that had passed through Longtown Market in adjacent Cumbria. Thereafter, spread within ...
Worlein J M - - 2005
Lentivirus-infected nonhuman primates exhibit behavioral and neurological pathology similar to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected humans and offer a means to examine the effects of lentivirus infection while controlling for confounding factors inherent in human populations. The purpose of this study was to examine cognitive and motor development in infant macaques ...
Vela-Amieva Marcela - - 2005
Congenital toxoplasmosis is an obstetric problem in Mexico, but its actual frequency is unknown. Using a network for screening of non-infectious disorders, we performed a pilot study to determine the frequency of IgM antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in 1,003 infants (53.1% male, mean +/- SD age = 18.3 +/- 13.0 ...
Hsiao Allen L - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evaluation of a febrile infant or child for serious bacterial infections (SBI) can be a challenging task; there is no single reliable predictor of SBI in infants. This review examines some of the recent work evaluating the usefulness of indicators for SBI, such as white blood cell ...
Zar Heather J - - 2005
Neonatal chlamydial infection, which manifests principally as ophthalmia neonatorum (ON) or pneumonia, is a significant cause of neonatal morbidity. Widespread use of silver nitrate drops resulted in a dramatic decline in the incidence of gonococcal ophthalmia but had much less impact on the incidence of neonatal chlamydial infection. Chlamydia trachomatis ...
Kobayashi Kosuke - - 2005
We report on a 28-week infant with growth restriction starting after 23 weeks' gestation because of measles virus (MV) infection of the mother. Histological findings for the placenta revealed extensive fibrin deposition and necrosis of the villi, and MV antigen was demonstrated in the syncytiotrophoblast by immunostaining. The MV-specific IgM ...
Ayoola Omolola O - - 2005
In the tropics, febrile illnesses are often presumed to be due to malaria, because of its endemicity, and treatment can lead to delay in diagnosis or failure to detect severe infections such as bacteraemia. This study sought to determine the prevalence of bacteraemia and malaria parasitaemia in febrile post-neonatal infants ...
Doctor S - - 2005
AIM: To determine the incidence, timing and clinical significance of acquired postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) in extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal surveillance study. ELBW infants were recruited in the first week of life. Maternal blood was tested for CMV-specific IgG antibodies. Weekly urine samples were obtained from infants for ...
Alonso Fernández J - - 2005
The role of the immune response in the severity of RSV infection was examined by determining plasma concentrations of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-2 receptor (sCD25) and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor II (sTNFR-II) in 196, previously healthy infants, during acute and convalescence phases of primary RSV infection. The results ...
Pitrez P M C - - 2005
Wheezing associated with respiratory viral infections in infancy is very common and results in high morbidity worldwide. The Th1/Th2 pattern of immune response in these patients remains unclear and previous studies have shown controversial results. The aim of the present study was to compare the type of Th1/Th2 cytokine response ...
Bradford Russell D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The study sought to determine the relationship between cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia during early infancy and clinical and laboratory outcome events, particularly hearing loss in infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection involving the central nervous system (CNS). STUDY DESIGN: A total of 147 infant patients were enrolled prospectively in 2 ...
Vargas Sergio L - - 2005
Fresh-frozen lung and tracheal-aspirate specimens obtained from 112 infants who died in Santiago, Chile, during 1998-2000 were analyzed for the presence of Pneumocystis DNA, by use of nested DNA amplification of the large subunit mitochondrial rRNA, and for the presence of viruses, by use of culture and immunofluorescence. Pneumocystis DNA ...
Ebihara Takashi - - 2004
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is one of the major pathogens of respiratory illness. Reinfection with hMPV occurs frequently throughout life. We describe an infant who was infected with two different hMPV strains during a period of only 1 month.
Stoll Barbara J BJ Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga 30322, - - 2004
Neonatal infections are frequent complications of extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants receiving intensive care. To determine if neonatal infections in ELBW infants are associated with increased risks of adverse neurodevelopmental and growth sequelae in early childhood. Infants weighing 401 to 1000 g at birth (born in 1993-2001) were enrolled in a ...
Buffolano W - - 2004
The aim of this comparative study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of the measurement of Toxoplasma gondii IgG avidity in the postnatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. IgG avidity values in serum samples from infants with congenital infection were compared with those in samples from uninfected infants, all born to ...
Freij Bishara J - - 2004
As many as 2,500 infants develop neonatal herpes each year, most of whom are born to women with no history or physical findings suggestive of genital herpes. Infection usually takes one of three forms: 1) disease localized to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes, 2) localized central nervous system infection, or ...
Abadesso C - - 2004
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a humanized respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) monoclonal antibody (palivizumab) to control an outbreak of RSV in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), we retrospectively analysed two RSV outbreaks. Between 11 November 1998 and 18 March 1999, two separate RSV outbreaks occurred in a ...
Jim Wai-Tim - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) by breast milk from CMV-seropositive mothers to their breast-fed preterm infants and to evaluate their outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population comprised breast-fed preterm infants with a birth weight of <1,500 g and gestational age of <35 weeks. Venous ...
Sarvikivi Emmi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To study clusters of infections caused by Serratia marcescens in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to determine risk factors for S. marcescens infection or colonization. DESIGN: Genotyping of S. marcescens isolates was performed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). A retrospective case-control study was conducted. SETTING: A tertiary-care ...
Pessoa-Silva Carmem Lúcia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) among neonates. DESIGN: Prospective surveillance of HAIs was conducted during 2 years. Infections beginning within 48 hours of birth were defined as HAIs of maternal origin. Death occurring during an active episode of HAI was considered related to HAI. SETTING: Seven ...
Bass Dorsey - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the morphology and motility of the distal small bowel of infants with rotavirus gastroenteritis using non-invasive/non-ionizing imaging technology. METHODS: Prospective, non-randomized observational study of five infants with symptomatic rotavirus infection. Infants were imaged by real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound within 5 days of onset of ...
Adjei Ohene - - 2004
Urinary tract infection (UTI) causes significant illness in the first 2 years of life. The diagnosis in most developing countries is often overlooked due to the tedious nature of obtaining urine from these young ones who would not void voluntarily. Misdiagnosis very often lead to avoidable ill health and long-term ...
Mifsud Albert J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of early-onset group B streptococcal infection and to describe the antecedent maternal risk factors, in order to provide data to inform the design of interventional strategies that could be introduced in the UK to reduce the burden of this infection. DESIGN: A retrospective study with ...
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