Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1340
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Paisley Jan E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Since West Nile virus (WNV) was first detected in New York in 1999, it has spread across North America and become a major public health concern. In 2002, the first documented case of intrauterine WNV infection was reported, involving an infant with severe brain abnormalities. To determine the frequencies ...
Neuberger Patrick - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants are at risk of acquiring human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection through breast milk transmission, possibly leading to serious symptoms, as suggested by previous studies. Over a period of 8.5 years, we compared infants infected postnatally with CMV with noninfected controls to determine whether CMV infection transmitted through breast ...
O'Leary Daniel R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Congenital West Nile virus (WNV) infection was first described in a single case in 2002. The proportion of maternal WNV infections resulting in congenital infection and clinical consequences of such infections are unknown. METHODS: In 2003 and 2004, women in the United States who acquired WNV infection during pregnancy ...
Stranska R - - 2006
Sequence analysis of the UL144 gene of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) was used to investigate the epidemiology of CMV infections in preterm infants. Nosocomial transmission of CMV from congenitally infected infant to preterm twins was excluded based on distinct molecular profiles of CMV strains. Indistinguishable molecular profiles between strains from the ...
Bonacorsi Stéphane - - 2006
Escherichia coli isolates causing urinary tract infection in 83 male infants younger than 90 days with and without bacteremia were compared for phylogenetic groups and the presence of 10 virulence factors. Our result suggest that the absence of both hemolysin and antigen K1 may be used as a negative predictive ...
Choi Eun Hwa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Adenovirus type 7 (Ad7) is frequently responsible for severe respiratory infections, especially in young infants. Since the Ad7 epidemics have been associated with severe childhood pneumonia and significant mortality in Korea, 1995-1999, continuous surveillance was necessary for Ad7 related diseases. OBJECTIVES: To characterize epidemiologic features of Ad7 in 1995-2004, ...
Schleiss Mark R - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Congenital infection with cytomegalovirus is a major cause of disability in newborns. Recently, there has been increased emphasis on the study of postnatally acquired cytomegalovirus infection. One route by which cytomegalovirus infections are acquired in newborns is via consumption of breast milk from cytomegalovirus-seropositive, lactating mothers. The ...
Martín-Ancel A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell (WBC) count of normal term neonates, and compare the CSF WBC profile of normal and symptomatic infants without infection of the central nervous system (CNS). METHOD: Neonates were included if (a) they were at risk of congenital Toxoplasma infection and ...
Lawrence Robert M - - 2006
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can be transmitted through breast milk to neonates. Although healthy full-term infants rarely develop symptoms of CMV infection; premature or low-birth-weight infants can experience symptomatic infection that is occasionally severe. There is limited information on the long-term effects of postnatal CMV infection in premature infants, suggesting that ...
Huang Hsuan-Rong - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Neisseria meningitidis is one of the most significant bacterial infections in children and adolescents. As transplacental antibodies in the circulation gradually decline, the prevalence of meningococcal disease among young infants is high, and often presents an invasive clinical manifestation. The purpose of the study was to investigate the clinical ...
Yu Zhong Sheng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cytomegalovirus (CMV) glycoprotein B (gB) genotypes and clinical features in Chinese infants with congenital infections. METHODS: Urine samples were obtained from 79 infants with human CMV infection confirmed by quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A fragment of the gB gene was amplified by nested PCR. CMV ...
Loscertales María-Paz - - 2006
Host susceptibility to P.falciparum is critical for understanding malaria in pregnancy, its consequences for the mother and baby, and for improving malaria control in pregnant women. Yet host genetic factors which could influence placental malaria risk are little studied and there are no reports of the role of blood group ...
Clerihew L - - 2006
To describe the epidemiology of invasive fungal infection in very low birthweight (VLBW: <1500 g) infants in the United Kingdom. National prospective surveillance study between February 2003 and February 2004 using the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit reporting system reconciled with cases identified through routine laboratory reporting to the Health Protection ...
Akihara Shiho - - 2005
A total of 921 fecal specimens collected from 44 infants in a day care center in Tokyo, Japan during June 1999 to July 2000 were tested for the presence of sapovirus by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Of 88 fecal specimens from infants with acute gastroenteritis, 2.3% (2) were found ...
Lanari Marcello - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a ubiquitous human-specific DNA virus and is the main cause of congenital virus infection in developed countries leading to psychomotor impairment and deafness. Diagnostic techniques for CMV detection have greatly improved during recent years with the advent of sophisticated serological and virological methods. The aim ...
Scott Paul D - - 2006
Individuals are reinfected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) repeatedly. The nature of reinfection, in relation to RSV genetic and antigenic diversity, is ill defined and has implications for persistence and vaccine control. We examined the molecular relatedness of RSV causing primary and repeat infections, by phylogenetic analysis of the attachment ...
Rintala Marjut A M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed to clarify data on the acquisition, persistence, and clearance of high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA from the mucosa and the determinants of persistent mucosal HPV infection in infants. METHODS: Oral and genital scrapings from 324 infants were collected at birth, 3 days after ...
Chiu Shun - - 2005
AIM: To determine the risk factors for the acquisition of nosocomial extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae infection in infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and to evaluate the therapeutic outcome of these infants. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of infants with nosocomial ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae infection hospitalized in ...
Fang Shiuh-Bin - - 2005
The incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in young infants with jaundice is low, and prolonged jaundice in that setting is even rarer. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical features of 50 infants (seen from 1984 through 2004) 1 week to 3 months of age who had UTIs ...
McAdams Ryan M - - 2005
Hospitalized neonates are commonly colonized soon after birth with Staphylococcus aureus. The majority of neonates do not develop infectious sequelae; however, premature neonates appear to be more susceptible to serious infections, such as pneumonia. We report a case of an extremely low birth weight infant who developed necrotizing pneumonia due ...
Kristjansson Sigurdur - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections during infancy are considered to be a risk factor for developing asthma and possibly allergic sensitization. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the cytokines, chemokines, and eosinophil cationic protein in the nasopharyngeal secretions of infants < or = 7 months of ...
Darville Toni - - 2005
In 1911, Lindner and colleagues identified intracytoplasmic inclusions in infants with a nongonococcal form of ophthalmia neonatorum called inclusion conjunctivitis of the newborn (ICN). Mothers of affected infants were found to have inclusions in their cervical epithelial cells, fathers of such infants had inclusions in their urethral cells, and the ...
Ilikkan Demet Yardimci - - 2005
Amebiasis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We present 11 children with acute Entamoeba histolytica infection. None of the infants developed extraintestinal disease or required hospitalization. Light microscopy results correlated with stool antigen test for E. histolytica. Breast-feeding and middle-high socioeconomic status does not protect infants from ...
Schroeder Alan R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The optimal method of urine collection in febrile infants is debatable; catheterization, considered more accurate, is technically difficult and invasive. OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of urethral catheterization in febrile infants and to compare bag and catheterized urine test performance characteristics. DESIGN: Prospective analysis of infants enrolled in the Pediatric ...
Hentschel J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the rate of invasive nosocomial infections in very low birth weight (VLBW) </= 1,500 g infants in a Swiss university hospital neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Device-association and devicerelated infection rates were prospectively evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From October 1999 to September 2000, 76 hospitalized neonates ...
Chen Ju-Hsin - - 2005
An echovirus 11 outbreak occurred among neonates in an obstetric clinic in November 2003. Thirteen neonates were transferred to our medical center, and all were found to have echovirus 11 infection. Viral studies were performed for 32 other infants born in the clinic during the same period, including 30 asymptomatic ...
Casolari C - - 2005
We describe two concurrent outbreaks of Serratia marcescens and Klebsiella pneumoniae in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Over a 16-month period, a total of 27 infants were either colonized (N=14) or infected (N=13). There were 15 cases of S. marcescens and 11 cases of K. pneumoniae. Both micro-organisms were ...
Samransamruajkit Rujipat - - 2006
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a recently identified Paramyxovirus. The clinical features and molecular characteristics of hMPV in Asian populations have so far remained obscure. OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of hMPV in infants and young children presented with acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) and ...
Sakran Waheeb - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Acute otitis media (AOM) in the neonatal period can be difficult to diagnose. This infection can be isolated and localized, or it may be associated with serious bacterial infections or other illnesses. The objectives of this study were to determine the clinical presentation, etiology, susceptibility pattern, and frequency of ...
Huang Hsiang-Po - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Liver transplantation could be a useful treatment for selected inborn errors of metabolism. This study evaluated the outcome and viral infections after liver transplantation in young children and infants with these diseases. METHODS: The outcome of liver transplantation and clinical characteristics of the following 4 patients were ...
Sampath Venkatesh - - 2005
We report a case of fatal congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in a 695 gm, 29 weeks estimated gestational age premature infant. The newborn presented with hydrops fetalis, an unusual presentation of congenital CMV infection. In spite of ganciclovir therapy, the infant succumbed to his illness. Autopsy findings revealed the presence ...
Sloan David - - 2005
We aimed to determine factors associated with successful vaccination coverage and development of infection in high-risk infants born to hepatitis B infected women. Immunisation of 860/932 (92%) of babies was started within 48 h of birth and three doses of vaccination completed for 794/921 (86%). Only 543 (58%) infants were ...
Munro Sian C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common cause of viral intrauterine infection. In utero transmission can occur during primary maternal infection, reactivation or reinfection of seropositive mothers. OBJECTIVE: To describe the aetiology and clinical features of infants diagnosed with congenital CMV and to document maternal factors that were presented. ...
Efird Meica M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of nosocomial infections (NI) in neonatal intensive care units in developing countries has been poorly studied. We conducted a prospective study in selected neonatal units in Colombia, SA, to describe the incidence rate, causative organisms, and interinstitutional differences. STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected prospectively from February 20 ...
Bertini Giovanna - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefit of fluconazole prophylaxis in preventing invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with central vascular access. STUDY DESIGN: A 3-year baseline period (1998 to 2000) was compared with a subsequent 3-year period (2001 to 2003) during which a different protocol for preventing ...
Nizami Shaikh Qamaruddin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and incidence of Helicobacter pylori in children in Pakistan is not known. OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence and age of acquisition of Helicobacter pylori infection/colonization in infants in a peri-urban community in Karachi, Pakistan. SETTING: Field based epidemiologic study in a peri-urban community in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: ...
Malhotra Indu - - 2005
Real-time quantitative PCR (RTQ-PCR) provides a quick, accurate, and reproducible quantification of parasites. However, the value of RTQ-PCR for predicting clinical outcomes of malaria is unknown. Here, we compared RTQ-PCR to microscopy of blood smears, nested PCR (nPCR), and parasite circulating-antigen (CAg) assays for detection of Plasmodium falciparum in pregnant ...
Khoury Jad - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To describe an outbreak of hospital-acquired MRSA in a NICU and to identify the risk factors for, outcomes of, and interventions that eliminated it. SETTING: An 18-bed, level III-IV NICU in a community hospital. METHODS: Interventions to control MRSA included active surveillance, aggressive contact isolation, and cohorting and de-colonization ...
Ratanakorn Woranart - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Phramongkutklao CPG was developed for detecting infants with maternal PROM > or = 18 hours who had a high risk of infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine efficacy of the CPG, and risk factors of infection. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Eligible infants were categorized into group I ...
Battin Malcolm R - - 2005
Trichophyton rubrum is a dermatophyte that causes tinea infection in adults and children but infection is surprisingly rare in the preterm infant. We present two cases of T. rubrum infection in preterm infants, in which mother-to-child transmission appears to have occurred. We describe the clinical features, differential diagnosis, appropriate investigation ...
Bakr Ahmad F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if cleansing the birth canal with an antiseptic solution at delivery reduces infections in mothers and their newborn babies. METHODS: Women giving birth in the University Hospital, Alexandria, and their newborns were studied. No intervention for 3 months was followed by ...
Wang Jeng-Jye - - 2005
We report a case of an extremely-low-birth-weight premature infant with Trichomonas vaginalis infection of the vagina and urinary tract. Her mother is also infected with Trichomonas vaginalis but is asymptomatic. The patient's illness started as an asymptomatic pyuria and later on at early infancy developed profuse malodorous vaginal discharge. Her ...
Rittichier Kristine R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus (EV) infections commonly cause fever in infants younger than 90 days of age. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has improved our ability to diagnose EV infections. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens for the diagnosis of EV infections by PCR and to ...
O'Keefe Michael - - 2005
Bacterial endophthalmitis is rare in the neonatal period. It occurs in susceptible individuals such as preterm infants. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative bacillus, has been identified as the causative organism in more than 75% of invasive neonatal eye infections. The source may be endogenous; secondary to septicemia or exogenous, including reports ...
Brady Michael T - - 2005
Neonates represent a unique and highly vulnerable patient population. Advances in medical technology that have occurred over the last few decades have improved the survival and quality of life for neonates, particularly those infants born with extreme prematurity or with congenital defects. Although immunologic immaturity and altered cutaneous barriers play ...
Vega Roy - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on rapid viral testing in the febrile infant and child. Recent literature is reviewed regarding physician decision making, antibiotic use, ancillary testing use, and rate of serious bacterial infections concurrent with viral disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Two recent studies detail the use of rapid testing ...
Miron Dan - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and clinical manifestations of human breast milk (HMB)-associated acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in small premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of premature infants born at or prior to 32 weeks gestation, and or infants weighing 1500 g or less at birth. The babies were ...
Thalib L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of amniotic fluid for fetal toxoplasmosis according to clinical predictors of outcome and study centre. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Nine European centres. POPULATION: Women with suspected toxoplasma infection identified by prenatal screening. METHODS: Logistic regression was used to ...
Haque Khalid N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop definitions of bloodstream infections in the newborn that would enable clinicians to identify infection early, so patients can be enrolled in clinical trials. The definitions should be useful for surveillance and epidemiologic purposes. METHOD: Search of EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library using age and English language limited ...
Stanley Rachel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of serious bacterial infection in infants younger than 3 months with fever > or =40 degrees C. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all infants younger than 3 months with fever who presented to a pediatric emergency department. The medical records were reviewed. The prevalence of serious ...
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