Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1368
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Dent Arlene - - 2006
African infants are often born of mothers infected with malaria during pregnancy. This can result in fetal exposure to malaria-infected erythrocytes or their soluble products with subsequent fetal immune priming or tolerance in utero. We performed a cohort study of 30 newborns from a malaria holoendemic area of Kenya to ...
Tridapalli E - - 2007
to evaluate the prevalence of maternal syphilis at delivery and neonatal syphilis infection in an Italian urban area, in connection with the increased flow of immigration. A prospective surveillance study was carried out in Bologna, Italy, from November 2000 to March 2006. All pregnant women were screened for syphilis at ...
Bonnard Arnaud - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in France is about 38%. Fetal contamination during pregnancy is 40%. We report a series of gastrointestinal conditions associated with CMV in neonates. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This is a retrospective study on neonates operated on for gastrointestinal conditions in our institution between January 1998 ...
Iwasaki Satoshi - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the audiological outcome of long-term follow-up of infants with asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection as defined by the presence of CMV DNA in neonatal urine. 12599 pregnant women underwent screening for CMV IgG and IgM antibodies between 1996 and 2003. Eighteen infants ...
Bines Julie E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate risk factors for the development of intussusception in infants in a developing country with a suspected high incidence and in a developed country with a low incidence. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective case-control study of infants <2 years of age with idiopathic intussusception confirmed by ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine inflammation/infection is cited as a contraindication to the use of corticosteroids (CS). Our goal was to determine if CS given prenatally to enhance fetal maturity were harmful to infants with various indications of intrauterine infection. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of data obtained from 457 consecutively ...
Buonuomo P S - - 2006
A 3-month-old male infant was admitted to hospital with anemia. Follow-up controls revealed the presence of specific cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibodies. Virus was isolated from urine, blood, and saliva. At 7 months of age, he presented with melena. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of biopsy samples from the duodenum was positive for ...
Luck Shelley N - - 2006
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O113:H21 can invade epithelial cells. In this study, we found that invasion but not adherence was inhibited by anti-FliC(H21) specific antibodies. In addition, deletion of fliC(H21) from EHEC O113:H21 resulted in an eightfold decrease in invasion that was restored upon transcomplementation with fliC(H21) but not with ...
Albano Maria S - - 2006
This study assessed the incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after transplantation of cord blood (CB) from unrelated donors and evaluated strategies for screening CB donors. Posttransplantation CMV infection, reported in 23% of 1221 CB recipients, was associated with patient pretransplantation CMV serology (P < .001), but not with CMV serology ...
Schrag Stephanie J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to evaluate risk factors for invasive Escherichia coli infections in the first week of life (early onset), focusing on the role of intrapartum antibiotic use. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study. Between 1997 and 2001, case infants, defined as infants < 7 days of age ...
Bartholomew Jerri L - - 2006
A coelomic myxozoan infection was detected in freshwater polychaetes, Manayunkia speciosa from the Klamath River, Oregon/California, a site enzootic for the myxozoan parasites Ceratomyxa shasta and Parvicapsula minibicornis. The tetractinomyxon type actinospores had a near-spherical spore body 7.9 x 7.1 microm, with 3 spherical, protruding polar capsules, no valve cell ...
Cimiotti Jeannie P JP Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104-6096, USA. - - 2006
To examine the association between registered nurse staffing and healthcare-associated bloodstream infections in infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Prospective cohort study. Two level III-IV NICUs in New York, NY, from March 1, 2001, through January 31, 2003. A total of 2675 infants admitted to the NICUs for ...
Bustos Dolores - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Human herpes virus-7 (HHV-7) infection is widespread throughout the world. No data are available in Argentina about loss of maternally-derived HHV-7 immunity and natural infection. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to characterize the time when children lose maternal antibodies and become susceptible to natural infection. METHODS: Sera ...
Kylat Ranjit I - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Congenital cytomegalovirus (CCMV) infection is a common neonatal infection affecting 1% of all live births, 10% of which are symptomatic. Many of these infants have long-term sequelae. The objective is to document the clinical presentation of SCCMV infection in neonates, the frequency of sequelae and severity of adverse neurologic ...
Ng Pak C - - 2006
A preterm infant had persistent Staphylococcus capitis septicemia with 11 consecutive positive blood cultures over a period of 33 days. The clinical evidence suggested that the source of infection probably originated from the gastrointestinal tract. The combination of rifampin and linezolid treatment, together with prolonged stoppage of enteral feeding, successfully ...
Jensen Knut Helge - - 2006
The trade-off hypothesis for the evolution of virulence predicts that parasite transmission stage production and host exploitation are balanced such that lifetime transmission success (LTS) is maximised. However, the experimental evidence for this prediction is weak, mainly because LTS, which indicates parasite fitness, has been difficult to measure. For castrating ...
Yamamoto Aparecida Yulie - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are no studies on the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA by molecular methods in the saliva of newborn infants in large scale screening programs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of saliva as a sample for the neonatal screening of congenital CMV infection as compared to urine when processed ...
Brouwer A J - - 2007
Since 1992, infants with progressive posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) have been treated in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands, with a ventricular reservoir. To retrospectively study the incidence of infection using this invasive procedure. Between January 1992 and December 2003, 76 preterm infants were treated ...
Bloom Barry T - - 2006
INH-A21 is an experimental human immune globulin for intravenous infusion (IGIV) derived from donors specifically selected for elevated levels of antibodies against the Staphylococcal fibrinogen-binding proteins, serine aspartate dipeptide repeat G and clumping factor A. Phase II results demonstrated that infusions of INH-A21 were well tolerated and there were no ...
Odogwu S E - - 2006
In two complementary epidemiological surveys of villages on the Ugandan shoreline of Lake Victoria, the putative occurrence of intestinal schistosomiasis in the local infants (children aged < 3 years) was investigated. When, during the first survey, 136 mother-and-infant pairs from a total of 12 villages were studied, only 7% of ...
Cilla G - - 2006
This study analysed the role of several risk factors for hospitalization due to community-acquired, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. The risk factors detected in infants hospitalized for RSV infection in the first 24 months of life were compared with those in the general infant population in our region. There were ...
Shetty Anjali - - 2007
A 27-week-old infant developed symptoms of bowel obstruction when full enteral feeds were started. Laparotomy revealed strictures in the ascending and proximal transverse colon. Right hemicolectomy was performed. Histological examination of the resected large bowel demonstrated the presence of Cytomegalovirus inclusion bodies. Cytomegalovirus infections of the gut are extremely rare ...
Fluegge Kirsten - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in newborn infants. So far, there have been no published data on the incidence, morbidity, and mortality of invasive neonatal group B Streptococcus infections in Germany. METHODS: A prospective active surveillance study involving all of the ...
Ornoy Asher - - 2006
Seroconversion to cytomegalovirus (CMV) occurs in 1-4% of pregnant women. The majority of these women are seropositive prior to pregnancy. In 0.2-2.5% of the newborn infants, there is evidence of intrauterine infection, most of them are born without any clinical findings. The typical clinical symptoms of congenital CMV (symptomatic congenital ...
Scanga Lori - - 2006
Congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection affects 1% of children and is the most common infectious cause of sensorineural hearing loss. Due to the difficulty of diagnosing deafness and other neurological disorders in infants, affected individuals may not be recognized until much later when active infection has resolved and culture is ...
Benjamin D K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are vulnerable to nosocomial infections and subsequent morbidity; including infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus: 85% of nosocomial S. aureus infections are caused by capsular polysaccharide (CPS) types 5 and 8. Altastaph is a polyclonal investigational human immunoglobulin G (IgG) with high levels of ...
Reiter P D - - 2006
We conducted a prospective, cohort study at two affiliated level III neonatal intensive care units to evaluate the effect of a closed drug-delivery system on the incidence of nosocomial and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in infants. A total of 300 infants (n=150 at each site) were enrolled over a 4-year ...
Sax H - - 2006
To control an outbreak of community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA) in a neonatology unit, an investigation was conducted that involved screening neonates and parents, molecular analysis of MRSA isolates and long-term follow-up of cases. During a two-month period in the summer of 2000, Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing CA-MRSA (strain ST5-MRSA-IV) was detected in ...
Paisley Jan E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Since West Nile virus (WNV) was first detected in New York in 1999, it has spread across North America and become a major public health concern. In 2002, the first documented case of intrauterine WNV infection was reported, involving an infant with severe brain abnormalities. To determine the frequencies ...
Neuberger Patrick - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants are at risk of acquiring human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection through breast milk transmission, possibly leading to serious symptoms, as suggested by previous studies. Over a period of 8.5 years, we compared infants infected postnatally with CMV with noninfected controls to determine whether CMV infection transmitted through breast ...
O'Leary Daniel R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Congenital West Nile virus (WNV) infection was first described in a single case in 2002. The proportion of maternal WNV infections resulting in congenital infection and clinical consequences of such infections are unknown. METHODS: In 2003 and 2004, women in the United States who acquired WNV infection during pregnancy ...
Stranska R - - 2006
Sequence analysis of the UL144 gene of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) was used to investigate the epidemiology of CMV infections in preterm infants. Nosocomial transmission of CMV from congenitally infected infant to preterm twins was excluded based on distinct molecular profiles of CMV strains. Indistinguishable molecular profiles between strains from the ...
Bonacorsi Stéphane - - 2006
Escherichia coli isolates causing urinary tract infection in 83 male infants younger than 90 days with and without bacteremia were compared for phylogenetic groups and the presence of 10 virulence factors. Our result suggest that the absence of both hemolysin and antigen K1 may be used as a negative predictive ...
Choi Eun Hwa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Adenovirus type 7 (Ad7) is frequently responsible for severe respiratory infections, especially in young infants. Since the Ad7 epidemics have been associated with severe childhood pneumonia and significant mortality in Korea, 1995-1999, continuous surveillance was necessary for Ad7 related diseases. OBJECTIVES: To characterize epidemiologic features of Ad7 in 1995-2004, ...
Schleiss Mark R - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Congenital infection with cytomegalovirus is a major cause of disability in newborns. Recently, there has been increased emphasis on the study of postnatally acquired cytomegalovirus infection. One route by which cytomegalovirus infections are acquired in newborns is via consumption of breast milk from cytomegalovirus-seropositive, lactating mothers. The ...
Martín-Ancel A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell (WBC) count of normal term neonates, and compare the CSF WBC profile of normal and symptomatic infants without infection of the central nervous system (CNS). METHOD: Neonates were included if (a) they were at risk of congenital Toxoplasma infection and ...
Lawrence Robert M - - 2006
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can be transmitted through breast milk to neonates. Although healthy full-term infants rarely develop symptoms of CMV infection; premature or low-birth-weight infants can experience symptomatic infection that is occasionally severe. There is limited information on the long-term effects of postnatal CMV infection in premature infants, suggesting that ...
Huang Hsuan-Rong - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Neisseria meningitidis is one of the most significant bacterial infections in children and adolescents. As transplacental antibodies in the circulation gradually decline, the prevalence of meningococcal disease among young infants is high, and often presents an invasive clinical manifestation. The purpose of the study was to investigate the clinical ...
Yu Zhong Sheng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cytomegalovirus (CMV) glycoprotein B (gB) genotypes and clinical features in Chinese infants with congenital infections. METHODS: Urine samples were obtained from 79 infants with human CMV infection confirmed by quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A fragment of the gB gene was amplified by nested PCR. CMV ...
Loscertales María-Paz - - 2006
Host susceptibility to P.falciparum is critical for understanding malaria in pregnancy, its consequences for the mother and baby, and for improving malaria control in pregnant women. Yet host genetic factors which could influence placental malaria risk are little studied and there are no reports of the role of blood group ...
Clerihew L - - 2006
To describe the epidemiology of invasive fungal infection in very low birthweight (VLBW: <1500 g) infants in the United Kingdom. National prospective surveillance study between February 2003 and February 2004 using the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit reporting system reconciled with cases identified through routine laboratory reporting to the Health Protection ...
Akihara Shiho - - 2005
A total of 921 fecal specimens collected from 44 infants in a day care center in Tokyo, Japan during June 1999 to July 2000 were tested for the presence of sapovirus by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Of 88 fecal specimens from infants with acute gastroenteritis, 2.3% (2) were found ...
Lanari Marcello - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a ubiquitous human-specific DNA virus and is the main cause of congenital virus infection in developed countries leading to psychomotor impairment and deafness. Diagnostic techniques for CMV detection have greatly improved during recent years with the advent of sophisticated serological and virological methods. The aim ...
Scott Paul D - - 2006
Individuals are reinfected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) repeatedly. The nature of reinfection, in relation to RSV genetic and antigenic diversity, is ill defined and has implications for persistence and vaccine control. We examined the molecular relatedness of RSV causing primary and repeat infections, by phylogenetic analysis of the attachment ...
Rintala Marjut A M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed to clarify data on the acquisition, persistence, and clearance of high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA from the mucosa and the determinants of persistent mucosal HPV infection in infants. METHODS: Oral and genital scrapings from 324 infants were collected at birth, 3 days after ...
Chiu Shun - - 2005
AIM: To determine the risk factors for the acquisition of nosocomial extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae infection in infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and to evaluate the therapeutic outcome of these infants. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of infants with nosocomial ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae infection hospitalized in ...
Fang Shiuh-Bin - - 2005
The incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in young infants with jaundice is low, and prolonged jaundice in that setting is even rarer. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical features of 50 infants (seen from 1984 through 2004) 1 week to 3 months of age who had UTIs ...
McAdams Ryan M - - 2005
Hospitalized neonates are commonly colonized soon after birth with Staphylococcus aureus. The majority of neonates do not develop infectious sequelae; however, premature neonates appear to be more susceptible to serious infections, such as pneumonia. We report a case of an extremely low birth weight infant who developed necrotizing pneumonia due ...
Kristjansson Sigurdur - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections during infancy are considered to be a risk factor for developing asthma and possibly allergic sensitization. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the cytokines, chemokines, and eosinophil cationic protein in the nasopharyngeal secretions of infants < or = 7 months of ...
Darville Toni - - 2005
In 1911, Lindner and colleagues identified intracytoplasmic inclusions in infants with a nongonococcal form of ophthalmia neonatorum called inclusion conjunctivitis of the newborn (ICN). Mothers of affected infants were found to have inclusions in their cervical epithelial cells, fathers of such infants had inclusions in their urethral cells, and the ...
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