Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1383
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Rajasundari Thanapal Amala - - 2008
A total of 190 specimens from South Indian children aged 0-59 months with ocular anomalies consistent with suspected congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) were investigated. Twenty-six of the 65 infants (40%) were confirmed as CRS by detection of rubella specific IgM. Rubella RNA was detected in 41 samples from 26 infants ...
Buss A J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Several endoscopy-related outbreaks of infection have been reported in recent years. For early recognition of inadequate disinfection of endoscopes we designed a microbiological surveillance system to evaluate the efficacy of the cleaning and disinfection procedure, and to trace disinfection problems to individual endoscopes or washer-disinfectors. METHODS: ...
Amini Elaheh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim was to determine the prevalence of conjunctivitis and its bacteriological causes in neonates hospitalized in two hospitals in Iran and to evaluate the maternal and newborns' data in conjunctivitis cases. MATERIAL/METHODS: All newborns presenting at Imam Khomeini and Vali-e-Asr hospitals (2001-2006) with clinical suspicion of conjunctivitis and ...
Ohno Hitoshi - - 2008
A nurse working in a newborn nursery and maternity ward developed 3+ smear-positive lung tuberculosis. The hospital infection control committee, in collaboration with the local public health and welfare center, conducted a contact investigation. The infection period was defined as April to August 2006. The investigation included 109 infant and ...
Dave Sandeep P - - 2008
Mucormycosis is a rare and potentially fatal fungal infection that most commonly affects the immunocompromised population. Although originally described by Paltauf in 1885 (D. G. Finn as cited by Vessely et al(1)((p573)) and A. M. Marchevsky as cited by Oh and Notrica(2)((p1607))), it was not until 1955 that Harris (as ...
Romanelli Roberta Maia de Castro - - 2008
The objective of this research was to identify maternal and fetal characteristics as prognostic markers of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. This is a descriptive study of 13 cases of congenital CMV infection referred to Institute de Puericulture et Perinatologie de Paris (IPP) from January 2005 to October 2006. Amniotic fluid ...
Rours Ingrid G I J G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted pathogen in adults, which at delivery may be transmitted from mother to child and cause conjunctivitis and pneumonia. In The Netherlands, prenatal chlamydial screening and treatment of pregnant women is not routine practice. The contribution of C. trachomatis to neonatal ophthalmic ...
Weitkamp J-H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous reports suggest a benefit of fluconazole prophylaxis in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants <1000 g. Our aim was to evaluate if limiting fluconazole prophylaxis to targeted highest risk infants effectively prevents invasive fungal infections, has no undesired side effects and limits unnecessary drug exposure. STUDY DESIGN: This ...
Müller A - - 2008
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most important congenital viral infection. Intravenous (i.v.) Ganciclovir (GCV) improved outcome in term infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection. We present data on oral valganciclovir (VGCV) in an extremely low birth weight infant. A male preterm infant was delivered at 28 weeks of gestation because ...
Mauer U M - - 2008
Standard neurosurgical procedures for hydrocephalus and open neural tube defects in newborns and infants under 6 months of age were performed by a single neurosurgeon on his own without the help of an assistant or scrub nurse. The objective of this study was to assess the outcome of these procedures ...
Chen Hsiu-Lin - - 2008
Traditional risk factors are not adequate for predicting serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of the plasma level of soluble form of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in predicting SBI in febrile infants less than 3 ...
Pistorius Lourens Rasmus - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We describe the clinical course of an infant who presented with severe fetal anemia and fetal hydrops following congenital parvovirus B19 infection before 16 gestational weeks. The fetus was treated by cordocentesis and intrauterine transfusion at 18 weeks. RESULTS: The infant demonstrated mild unilateral ventriculomegaly on antenatal magnetic resonance ...
Guinto-Ocampo Hazel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence of reported cases of pertussis is increasing, despite high rates of vaccination among infants and children. The burden of disease, and rates of complication and death are highest among infants. The limited availability of a timely reliable confirmatory test for pertussis hinders early identification of infected infants. ...
Mwangoka Grace W - - 2008
Although recent reports on congenital malaria suggest that the incidence is increasing, it is difficult to determine whether the clinical disease is due to parasites acquired before delivery or as a result of contamination by maternal blood at birth. Understanding of the method of parasite acquisition is important for estimating ...
Neto M T MT NICU-Hospital de Dona Estefânia, Rua Jacinta Marto 1169-045, Lisbon, Portugal. - - 2008
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is the most common isolate in mother-related infection in newborns. To evaluate the epidemiology of GBS infection in the first 90 days after birth; to determine if prophylaxis for early-onset neonatal GBS infection can be based only on risk factors. National epidemiological surveillance. Between April 2001 ...
Cohen Daniela M - - 2007
In a nested case-control study of 478 infants < or =90 days of age, one-third of infants undergoing cerebrospinal fluid herpes simplex virus (HSV) testing by polymerase chain reaction were >28 days of age. Recognized factors, such as mode of delivery, were not associated with HSV testing. The factors currently ...
Smith Claire L - - 2007
Infection remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality especially in newborn infants. Analytical methods for diagnosing infection are severely limited in terms of sensitivity and specificity and require relatively large samples. It is proposed that stringent regulation of the human transcriptome affords a new molecular diagnostic approach based on ...
Fleisch Abby F - - 2007
We report 2 cases of extensive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) retropharyngeal abscesses in young infants. In 1 case, the abscess was associated with a reactive thrombosis of the jugular vein. Based on the existing literature and the rapid emergence of MRSA skin and soft tissue infections, it is possible that ...
Cosnes-Lambe Cécile - - 2008
During the winter 2005-2006, all infants <4 months of age admitted for bronchiolitis or acute respiratory tract infection in a tertiary care pediatric hospital in Paris were tested for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and pertussis with real-time polymerase-chain reaction (RT-PCR). A positive pertussis-PCR was found in 14/90 (16%) infants infected ...
Parikh Tushar B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fungal infections are common cause of morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight Infants OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic Fluconazole in preventing fungal colonization and invasive fungal infection in VLBW infants. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary level Neonatal intensive care ...
Sato Akira - - 2007
Reported herein is a case of hydrops fetalis in which the cord blood expressed cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigen. Fetal ascites was removed from an infected fetus with hydrops in utero and 2.5 g CMV hyperimmunoglobulin was administered into the fetal abdominal cavity at 28 weeks gestation. After immunoglobulin administration, fetal ascites ...
Ray P - - 2007
E. sakazakii has been implicated in necrotizing enterocolitis, bloodstream and central nervous system infections, with mortality rates of 40-80%. Two cases of E. sakazakii infections; one preterm very low birth weight neonate with meningitis and a two month infant with bacteraemia, are described for the first time in India. The ...
DeVries Jennifer - - 2007
Most infants exposed to cytomegalovirus (CMV) in utero will not be symptomatic; however, infants born with symptomatic CMV will have more severe consequences and poorer prognosis than will asymptomatic infants. The timing of infection during pregnancy largely affects the expected outcomes and consequences to the fetus. It is possible for ...
Zagólski O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The influence of congenital cytomegalovirus infection on cochlear function has been well recognised; however, its impact on the vestibular system in infants has not been examined. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate vestibular function in a group of infants, using caloric stimulation tests and vestibular-evoked myogenic ...
Gerna Giuseppe - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: During the winter-spring seasons 2004-2005 and 2005-2006, 965 nasopharyngeal aspirates from 871 patients were examined for human metapneumovirus (hMPV) by both monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. RESULTS: Overall, 46 samples (4.8%) from 37 patients were positive for hMPV. Of these, 39 were positive by RT-PCR, and ...
Whitley Richard - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of possible neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, HSV infection status of women with infected infants, and use of measures to reduce risk of HSV transmission to the neonate in a large US managed-care population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of administrative claims from the Integrated ...
Okuda Masumi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acquisition of Helicobacter pylori infection occurs in early childhood, but the exact time of the acquisition and dynamics of infection are not clear. The aim of this study was to estimate the time of acquisition of H. pylori colonization in infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective follow-up study included ...
Yamamoto Aparecida Yulie - - 2007
A case-control study design was used in order to compare the distribution of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) glycoprotein B (gB) genotypes in 48 mothers of 49 congenitally infected infants with that observed in 144 mothers of 146 uninfected infants to study genetic variation of HCMV strains and maternal-fetal transmission. Congenital infection ...
Newton Opiyo - - 2007
Globally, young infant mortality comprises 40% of the estimated 10.8 million child deaths annually. Almost all (99%) of these deaths arise in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Achievement of the Millennium Development Goal for child survival, however, requires a significant improvement in the management of infections in young infants. We ...
Castinel A - - 2007
As part of a health survey of New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri) on Enderby Island, Auckland Islands (50 degrees 30'S, 166 degrees 17'E), neonatal mortality was closely monitored at the Sandy Bay colony for seven consecutive years. Throughout the breeding seasons 1998-99 to 2004-05, more than 400 postmortem examinations ...
Balasubramanian S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical profile of interstitial lung disease in infancy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of cases diagnosed to have ILD was carried out in Kanchi Kamakoti CHILDS Trust hospital over a period of 2 yr. Infants aged 1 month to 1 yr of age were included if they ...
Kenneson Aileen - - 2007
We reviewed studies that reported results of systematic cytomegalovirus (CMV) screening on fetuses and/or live-born infants. The overall birth prevalence of congenital CMV infection was 0.64%, but varied considerably among different study populations. About 11% of live-born infants with congenital CMV infection were symptomatic, but the inter-study differences in definitions ...
Hitti Jane - - 2007
The objective of this study was to examine the associations between lower genital tract infection, racial group and preterm birth in the Vaginal Infections and Prematurity Study, a large prospective cohort study conducted between 1984 and 1989. This analysis included 11 910 women enrolled at 23-26 weeks' gestation with equal ...
Madan Ichchha - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Despite the tremendous advances made in the management of genital herpes, neonatal herpes has not been completely eradicated. In addition, the time from the onset of symptoms in the neonate to the diagnosis of herpes and institution of antiviral medication has remained unchanged in the past 20 years. CASE: ...
Di Carlo P - - 2007
To evaluate the usefulness of conventional serological methods with western blot assay (WB) in congenital toxoplasmosis diagnosis, we prospectively enrolled in a clinical and serological follow-up all pregnant women with Toxoplasma gondii infection and their offspring, referred to us from October 2004. Western blot and standard serological test were performed ...
Michaels Marian G - - 2007
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common congenital infection in the USA, affecting approximately 1% of all live births. While the majority of infants will remain asymptomatic, approximately 10% will be symptomatic at birth and another 10-15% will go on to develop problems during the first 6 years of life. ...
Belnoue Elodie - - 2007
Viral infections in human infants frequently follow a protracted course, with higher viral loads and delayed viral clearance compared to viral infections in older children. To identify the mechanisms responsible for this protracted pattern of infection, we developed an infant infection murine model using the well-characterized lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) ...
Ornoy Asher - - 2007
Seroconversion to cytomegalovirus occurs in 1-4% of pregnant women, most of whom are seropositive prior to pregnancy. In 0.2-2.5% of their newborn infants there is evidence of intrauterine infection; most are born without any clinical findings The typical clinical symptoms of symptomatic congenital CMV are observed in 10-20% of infected ...
Mahnert Nichole - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of perinatal transmission of neonatal herpes infection has recently been reported at 1 in 3200 births. The main objective of this study was to determine a population-based incidence of neonatal herpes simplex virus infection. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective chart review of newborn infants presenting with ...
Brunel Delphine - - 2007
Rare cases of leukoencephalitis have been reported in infants with documented enterovirus (EV) central nervous system (CNS) infections. A case of fatal encephalitis with white matter lesions caused by echovirus 18 is described, and it highlights the role of EV CNS infection as a potential cause of leukoencephalitis in infants.
Gøbel Rikke - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori infection may cause intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). However, it is unknown whether the growth of children from H. pylori-infected mothers is also affected or whether transmission of infection from mother to child occurs. This study aimed to determine if maternal H. pylori infection was associated with IUGR and ...
Korppi Matti - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that Bordetella pertussis can cause co-infection with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: RSV etiology was studied by antigen detection in 117 infants <6 months of age, who were hospitalized for respiratory tract infection during an RSV epidemic. B. pertussis etiology was studied by ...
Goodman David - - 2007
This study compared five methods for detecting the eggs of the human parasitic geohelminths Ascaris, Trichuris, and hookworm in infant stool, and describes the epidemiology of infection in infants from a parasite-endemic area. A total of 424 infants 5-11 months old were enrolled from three villages on Pemba Island, Zanzibar. ...
Couto Renato C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We report on nosocomial infections (NIs), causative organisms, and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in neonates who were admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), and assess the performance of birth weight (BW) as a variable for risk-stratified NI rate reporting. METHODS: A prospective, 10-year follow-up, open cohort study that involved ...
Omarsdottir Soley - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the rate and clinical expression of postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection transmitted through breast milk in extremely preterm infants. METHODS: Ten extremely preterm infants and their six mothers were included. Maternal CMV serology was determined. Breast milk samples and urine samples from the infants were screened for CMV. ...
Acosta E P EP Division of Clinical Pharmacology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2007
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common viral congenital infection, producing both sensorineural hearing loss and mental retardation. Our objective was to assess the population pharmacokinetics of a research-grade oral valganciclovir solution in neonates with symptomatic congenital CMV disease. Twenty-four neonates received 6 weeks of antiviral therapy. Ganciclovir and valganciclovir were ...
Miles David J C DJ MRC Laboratories Gambia, P.O. Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia. - - 2007
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is endemic in Gambian infants, with 62% infected by 3 months and 85% by 12 months of age. We studied the CD8 T-cell responses of infants to CMV following primary infection. CMV-specific CD8 T cells, identified with tetramers, showed a fully differentiated phenotype (CD28(-) CD62L(-) CD95(+) perforin(+) ...
Nguyen Dao M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for neonatal methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) skin and soft-tissue infection in a well-infant nursery. DESIGN: Case-control studies. SETTING: A well-infant nursery in a nonteaching, community hospital. METHODS: Case infants were newborns in the nursery who were born in the period November 2003 through June 2004 ...
Ray Pratibha G - - 2007
Rotavirus specific immunoglobulin levels were estimated and compared between mothers undergoing delivery from two socio-economic groups (n = 56 each) by direct/capture ELISA. IgG geometric mean titers (GMTs) of cord blood/mothers serum at delivery were significantly higher in the higher socio-economic group (HSG) as compared to the lower socio-economic group ...
Kowalzik Frank - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased incidence of pertussis has been noted among infants too young to be immunized. We studied the disease burden of pertussis in pediatric intensive care units and the source of infection in several Asian, European and Latin American countries. METHODS: The study was conducted in 7 countries from September ...
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