Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1340
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Couto Renato C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We report on nosocomial infections (NIs), causative organisms, and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in neonates who were admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), and assess the performance of birth weight (BW) as a variable for risk-stratified NI rate reporting. METHODS: A prospective, 10-year follow-up, open cohort study that involved ...
Omarsdottir Soley - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the rate and clinical expression of postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection transmitted through breast milk in extremely preterm infants. METHODS: Ten extremely preterm infants and their six mothers were included. Maternal CMV serology was determined. Breast milk samples and urine samples from the infants were screened for CMV. ...
Acosta E P EP Division of Clinical Pharmacology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2007
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common viral congenital infection, producing both sensorineural hearing loss and mental retardation. Our objective was to assess the population pharmacokinetics of a research-grade oral valganciclovir solution in neonates with symptomatic congenital CMV disease. Twenty-four neonates received 6 weeks of antiviral therapy. Ganciclovir and valganciclovir were ...
Miles David J C DJ MRC Laboratories Gambia, P.O. Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia. - - 2007
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is endemic in Gambian infants, with 62% infected by 3 months and 85% by 12 months of age. We studied the CD8 T-cell responses of infants to CMV following primary infection. CMV-specific CD8 T cells, identified with tetramers, showed a fully differentiated phenotype (CD28(-) CD62L(-) CD95(+) perforin(+) ...
Nguyen Dao M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for neonatal methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) skin and soft-tissue infection in a well-infant nursery. DESIGN: Case-control studies. SETTING: A well-infant nursery in a nonteaching, community hospital. METHODS: Case infants were newborns in the nursery who were born in the period November 2003 through June 2004 ...
Ray Pratibha G - - 2007
Rotavirus specific immunoglobulin levels were estimated and compared between mothers undergoing delivery from two socio-economic groups (n = 56 each) by direct/capture ELISA. IgG geometric mean titers (GMTs) of cord blood/mothers serum at delivery were significantly higher in the higher socio-economic group (HSG) as compared to the lower socio-economic group ...
Kowalzik Frank - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased incidence of pertussis has been noted among infants too young to be immunized. We studied the disease burden of pertussis in pediatric intensive care units and the source of infection in several Asian, European and Latin American countries. METHODS: The study was conducted in 7 countries from September ...
Resch Bernhard - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of concurrent bacterial infection in preterm infants hospitalized due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of all infants hospitalized due to RSV infection between January 1, 2001 and July 31, 2005. Patients were identified by ICD-10 diagnosis of RSV ...
Mussi-Pinhata Marisa M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to describe the frequency, characteristics, and correlates of infectious disease morbidity during the first 6 months of life among HIV-1-exposed but uninfected infants. METHODS: The study population consisted of infants enrolled in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development International Site Development Initiative Perinatal ...
Yip Terri P P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Using polymerase chain reactions, this study aimed to evaluate the incidence of neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis in our region of Hong Kong and explore any association between such conjunctivitis and nasopharyngeal colonisation with Chlamydia trachomatis. DESIGN: Prospective epidemiological study. SETTING: Regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients with neonatal conjunctivitis ...
Ancora Gina - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report the accuracy of ultrasound scanning (US) in predicting neurodevelopmental and sensorineural outcome in patients with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-seven neonates with congenital CMV infection underwent brain US and were observed prospectively for motor skills, developmental quotient, and hearing function. RESULTS: Abnormal results on US ...
Raymond J - - 2007
This study investigated 41 infants, aged <4 months, who were hospitalised with symptoms compatible with pertussis. Of these, 16 had Bordetella pertussis infection confirmed by real-time PCR. For four of these 16 patients, the initial sample was PCR-negative, but samples collected 5-7 days after the onset of infection were PCR-positive. ...
Fingerle Volker - - 2007
Alteration of the outer surface protein (Osp) composition--especially that of OspA and OspC--seems to be important for the adaptation of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato to its endothermic hosts (mammals) and poikilothermic vectors (ticks). OspA possibly mediates adherence to tick midgut cells thus enabling the borreliae to survive in the vector, ...
Jin Hong - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the pathogen of cytomegalic inclusion disease of infants. HCMV strains can be classified into four genotypes of glycoprotein B (gB). There are limited data concerning links between clinical symptoms and HCMV genotypes. The aims of the present study were to determine the genotype of HCMV ...
Takahashi Ritsuko - - 2007
Several studies have reported that postnatally acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection can cause sepsis-like syndrome in premature infants. We here report a 622-gram birth weight male infant of 23 weeks' gestation who had sepsis-like syndrome and pneumonia. Substantial CMV loads were detected in peripheral blood cells, plasma, and urine when the ...
Balatsouras Dimitrios G - - 2007
Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a disorder characterized by herpetic eruptions on the auricle, facial paralysis, and vestibulocochlear dysfunction, and is attributed to varicella zoster virus infection in the geniculate ganglion. Although it is a common cause of acute peripheral facial paralysis, children are not usually affected. We describe Ramsay Hunt ...
Senanayake Sanjaya - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and adults are the main reservoir of pertussis infection in Australia today. Diagnosis in these age groups can be difficult because of atypical clinical presentations and limitations of laboratory investigations. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the common presentation of pertussis in adults and adolescents, the use and limitations of ...
Mohan P P Baylor College of Medicine, Pediatrics, Section of Neonataology, 6621, Fannin, MC.WT 6-104, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2007
Candida is one of the most common nosocomial infections in the intensive care setting worldwide and is associated with increased healthcare costs. In neonates, candida infection is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Candida is transmitted by direct and indirect contact. Routine infection control measures that include standard precautions are ...
Williams Brent L - - 2007
Infection of newborn Lewis rats with Borna disease virus (neonatal Borna disease [NBD]) results in cerebellar damage without the cellular inflammation associated with infections in later life. Purkinje cell (PC) damage has been reported for several models of early-life viral infection, including NBD; however, the time course and distribution of ...
Jones Timothy F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Rates of Salmonella infection are highest in infants, but little is known about potential sources of infection in this high-risk population. We performed a case-control study to identify dietary and environmental risk factors for sporadic salmonellosis among infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 2002-2004, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network ...
O'Riordan Declan P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal herpes simplex virus infections cause significant neonatal mortality and morbidity, but the course and prognosis in preterm infants is not well documented. We performed a retrospective review of herpes simplex virus infections at out institution within the first 30 days after birth in infants who were born at ...
Benito-Fernández Javier - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of rapid testing for influenza virus on management of febrile young infants. METHODS: During 2 influenza seasons (November to December 2003 and December 2004 to February 2005), we studied prospectively infants who were 0 to 36 months of age ...
Dent Arlene - - 2006
African infants are often born of mothers infected with malaria during pregnancy. This can result in fetal exposure to malaria-infected erythrocytes or their soluble products with subsequent fetal immune priming or tolerance in utero. We performed a cohort study of 30 newborns from a malaria holoendemic area of Kenya to ...
Tridapalli E - - 2007
to evaluate the prevalence of maternal syphilis at delivery and neonatal syphilis infection in an Italian urban area, in connection with the increased flow of immigration. A prospective surveillance study was carried out in Bologna, Italy, from November 2000 to March 2006. All pregnant women were screened for syphilis at ...
Bonnard Arnaud - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in France is about 38%. Fetal contamination during pregnancy is 40%. We report a series of gastrointestinal conditions associated with CMV in neonates. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This is a retrospective study on neonates operated on for gastrointestinal conditions in our institution between January 1998 ...
Iwasaki Satoshi - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the audiological outcome of long-term follow-up of infants with asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection as defined by the presence of CMV DNA in neonatal urine. 12599 pregnant women underwent screening for CMV IgG and IgM antibodies between 1996 and 2003. Eighteen infants ...
Bines Julie E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate risk factors for the development of intussusception in infants in a developing country with a suspected high incidence and in a developed country with a low incidence. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective case-control study of infants <2 years of age with idiopathic intussusception confirmed by ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine inflammation/infection is cited as a contraindication to the use of corticosteroids (CS). Our goal was to determine if CS given prenatally to enhance fetal maturity were harmful to infants with various indications of intrauterine infection. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of data obtained from 457 consecutively ...
Buonuomo P S - - 2006
A 3-month-old male infant was admitted to hospital with anemia. Follow-up controls revealed the presence of specific cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibodies. Virus was isolated from urine, blood, and saliva. At 7 months of age, he presented with melena. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of biopsy samples from the duodenum was positive for ...
Luck Shelley N - - 2006
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O113:H21 can invade epithelial cells. In this study, we found that invasion but not adherence was inhibited by anti-FliC(H21) specific antibodies. In addition, deletion of fliC(H21) from EHEC O113:H21 resulted in an eightfold decrease in invasion that was restored upon transcomplementation with fliC(H21) but not with ...
Albano Maria S - - 2006
This study assessed the incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after transplantation of cord blood (CB) from unrelated donors and evaluated strategies for screening CB donors. Posttransplantation CMV infection, reported in 23% of 1221 CB recipients, was associated with patient pretransplantation CMV serology (P < .001), but not with CMV serology ...
Schrag Stephanie J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to evaluate risk factors for invasive Escherichia coli infections in the first week of life (early onset), focusing on the role of intrapartum antibiotic use. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study. Between 1997 and 2001, case infants, defined as infants < 7 days of age ...
Bartholomew Jerri L - - 2006
A coelomic myxozoan infection was detected in freshwater polychaetes, Manayunkia speciosa from the Klamath River, Oregon/California, a site enzootic for the myxozoan parasites Ceratomyxa shasta and Parvicapsula minibicornis. The tetractinomyxon type actinospores had a near-spherical spore body 7.9 x 7.1 microm, with 3 spherical, protruding polar capsules, no valve cell ...
Cimiotti Jeannie P - - 2006
To examine the association between registered nurse staffing and healthcare-associated bloodstream infections in infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Prospective cohort study. Two level III-IV NICUs in New York, NY, from March 1, 2001, through January 31, 2003. A total of 2675 infants admitted to the NICUs for ...
Bustos Dolores - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Human herpes virus-7 (HHV-7) infection is widespread throughout the world. No data are available in Argentina about loss of maternally-derived HHV-7 immunity and natural infection. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to characterize the time when children lose maternal antibodies and become susceptible to natural infection. METHODS: Sera ...
Kylat Ranjit I - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Congenital cytomegalovirus (CCMV) infection is a common neonatal infection affecting 1% of all live births, 10% of which are symptomatic. Many of these infants have long-term sequelae. The objective is to document the clinical presentation of SCCMV infection in neonates, the frequency of sequelae and severity of adverse neurologic ...
Ng Pak C - - 2006
A preterm infant had persistent Staphylococcus capitis septicemia with 11 consecutive positive blood cultures over a period of 33 days. The clinical evidence suggested that the source of infection probably originated from the gastrointestinal tract. The combination of rifampin and linezolid treatment, together with prolonged stoppage of enteral feeding, successfully ...
Jensen Knut Helge - - 2006
The trade-off hypothesis for the evolution of virulence predicts that parasite transmission stage production and host exploitation are balanced such that lifetime transmission success (LTS) is maximised. However, the experimental evidence for this prediction is weak, mainly because LTS, which indicates parasite fitness, has been difficult to measure. For castrating ...
Yamamoto Aparecida Yulie - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are no studies on the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA by molecular methods in the saliva of newborn infants in large scale screening programs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of saliva as a sample for the neonatal screening of congenital CMV infection as compared to urine when processed ...
Brouwer A J - - 2007
Since 1992, infants with progressive posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) have been treated in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands, with a ventricular reservoir. To retrospectively study the incidence of infection using this invasive procedure. Between January 1992 and December 2003, 76 preterm infants were treated ...
Bloom Barry T - - 2006
INH-A21 is an experimental human immune globulin for intravenous infusion (IGIV) derived from donors specifically selected for elevated levels of antibodies against the Staphylococcal fibrinogen-binding proteins, serine aspartate dipeptide repeat G and clumping factor A. Phase II results demonstrated that infusions of INH-A21 were well tolerated and there were no ...
Odogwu S E - - 2006
In two complementary epidemiological surveys of villages on the Ugandan shoreline of Lake Victoria, the putative occurrence of intestinal schistosomiasis in the local infants (children aged < 3 years) was investigated. When, during the first survey, 136 mother-and-infant pairs from a total of 12 villages were studied, only 7% of ...
Cilla G - - 2006
This study analysed the role of several risk factors for hospitalization due to community-acquired, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. The risk factors detected in infants hospitalized for RSV infection in the first 24 months of life were compared with those in the general infant population in our region. There were ...
Shetty Anjali - - 2007
A 27-week-old infant developed symptoms of bowel obstruction when full enteral feeds were started. Laparotomy revealed strictures in the ascending and proximal transverse colon. Right hemicolectomy was performed. Histological examination of the resected large bowel demonstrated the presence of Cytomegalovirus inclusion bodies. Cytomegalovirus infections of the gut are extremely rare ...
Fluegge Kirsten - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in newborn infants. So far, there have been no published data on the incidence, morbidity, and mortality of invasive neonatal group B Streptococcus infections in Germany. METHODS: A prospective active surveillance study involving all of the ...
Ornoy Asher - - 2006
Seroconversion to cytomegalovirus (CMV) occurs in 1-4% of pregnant women. The majority of these women are seropositive prior to pregnancy. In 0.2-2.5% of the newborn infants, there is evidence of intrauterine infection, most of them are born without any clinical findings. The typical clinical symptoms of congenital CMV (symptomatic congenital ...
Scanga Lori - - 2006
Congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection affects 1% of children and is the most common infectious cause of sensorineural hearing loss. Due to the difficulty of diagnosing deafness and other neurological disorders in infants, affected individuals may not be recognized until much later when active infection has resolved and culture is ...
Benjamin D K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are vulnerable to nosocomial infections and subsequent morbidity; including infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus: 85% of nosocomial S. aureus infections are caused by capsular polysaccharide (CPS) types 5 and 8. Altastaph is a polyclonal investigational human immunoglobulin G (IgG) with high levels of ...
Reiter P D - - 2006
We conducted a prospective, cohort study at two affiliated level III neonatal intensive care units to evaluate the effect of a closed drug-delivery system on the incidence of nosocomial and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in infants. A total of 300 infants (n=150 at each site) were enrolled over a 4-year ...
Sax H - - 2006
To control an outbreak of community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA) in a neonatology unit, an investigation was conducted that involved screening neonates and parents, molecular analysis of MRSA isolates and long-term follow-up of cases. During a two-month period in the summer of 2000, Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing CA-MRSA (strain ST5-MRSA-IV) was detected in ...
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