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Results 251 - 300 of 1349
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Ramani Sasirekha - - 2008
A distinct feature of neonatal rotavirus infection is the association of unusual strains that appear to be prevalent only in neonatal units and persist for long periods of time. The main aims of this study were to determine if rotavirus can be detected on environmental surfaces in the neonatal nursery ...
Boulouffe Caroline - - 2008
Cough is a frequent reason for ED consultation. When one considers the epidemiological data, whooping cough must be considered in the differential of subacute cough. Clinical symptomatology is slightly different in the adult and unvaccinated child. An infection by Bordetella pertussis should be suspected when the history shows a persistent ...
Xu Fujie - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections and to assess the utility of surveillance methods for neonatal herpes in 2 managed care populations. METHODS: We identified potential cases using 15 discharge International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9) codes for neonatal HSV and ...
Al-Kindi Hussein - - 2008
Cyclic neutropenia is a congenital episodic defect in the development of neutrophils in the bone marrow. It is usually diagnosed late in infancy as it generally takes several cycles of neutropenia before the condition is suspected. These patients often have recurrent mild infectious episodes, but may develop life-threatening bacterial infections; ...
Nigro Giovanni G Pediatric Department, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy. - - 2008
To assess the effects of maternal and intra-amniotic hyperimmunoglobulin (HIG) infusions among cytomegalovirus (CMV) infected fetuses with ultrasound abnormalities following a primary CMV infection. The subjects were fetuses with CMV-associated cerebral and other ultrasound abnormalities. Three mothers were treated with HIG infusions during pregnancy and two were untreated. Fetal ventricle ...
Lépine A - - 2009
Nosocomial infections in neonatal intensive care units are a preoccupying issue. Bacillus sp. can be pathogenic in immuno-compromised hosts, including premature infants. Central catheters and mechanical ventilation are potential sources of infection. We report for the first time a case of Bacillus licheniformis bacteremia in a premature infant. Recovery necessitated ...
Fausto Maria Arlene - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate growth parameters assessed by weight and length in infected and uninfected infants born to HIV-1-infected mothers and followed from birth to 18 months. METHODS: A cohort consisting of ninety-seven uninfected and forty-two infected infants born to HIV-infected mothers enrolled from 1995 to 2004, and admitted during ...
Jartti T T Dept of Paediatrics, Turku University Hospital, P.O. Box 52, 20520 Turku, Finland. - - 2008
To better understand the viral aetiology of recurrent and prolonged illnesses, nasal secretions were prospectively collected from 285 infants at increased risk of developing asthma. Of these, 27 infants had recurrent (at least five) moderate-to-severe respiratory illnesses (MSIs). The viral aetiology of the 150 MSIs and 86 scheduled visits was ...
Arpino C - - 2008
Although cytomegalovirus (CMV) congenital infection is more severe in children born to women with primary infection, neurological symptoms have also been observed in infants born to mothers with preconceptional immunity. The authors describe for the first time a case of severe cortical development disorder associated with multiple abnormalities of the ...
Visser Adele - - 2008
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) may cause severe lower respiratory tract disease in premature infants. Prolonged viral shedding has been reported in patients with underlying immunosuppressive disorders, such as human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection. During March to May 2006, 23 preterm pediatric patients developed nosocomial pneumonia in a district hospital ...
OĊ›wiecimska Joanna M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: IGF-I is believed to be a key factor in fetal growth dynamics It is widely known, that serious early-onset infection in the newborn is a risk factor for further developmental disturbances in a child. However, effect of congenital infection as well as an influence of infectious and non-infectious perinatal ...
Iwasa Tadashi - - 2008
Rotavirus is an acute enteric pathogen in infants and children. We reported a rare case of a 6-mo-old infant with protein-loosing enteropathy (PLE) caused by rotavirus gastroenteritis, and evaluated the immunological profile in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Laboratory examinations showed lymphopenia, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, and elevation of alpha-1-antitrypsin (alpha1-AT) clearance. Lymphocytes ...
Foulon Ina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, characteristics, and evolution of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in infants with a congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMV). STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective 10-year study, 14 021 unselected live-born infants were screened for cCMV by virus isolation in urine. Congenitally infected newborns were evaluated for SNHL during ...
Anderson Brian - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDRE) in hospitalized infants. METHODS: From 2000 through 2005, active surveillance cultures for MDRE were performed for patients admitted to a 40-bed neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that provides care for critically ill infants 6 months of age or younger. MDRE epidemiology ...
Bilavsky Efraim - - 2008
The objective of this study was to assess prospectively the frequency of concurrent serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants < or = 3 months of age with or without bronchiolitis. SBI was detected in 30 of 312 (9.6%) infants without bronchiolitis compared with 3 of 136 (2.2%) infants with ...
Hamprecht Klaus - - 2008
Breastfeeding has a major impact on HCMV epidemiology. The incidence of postnatal HCMV reactivation during lactation equals the maternal seroprevalence. Infectious virus, viral DNA and RNA can be isolated easily from cell and fat-free milk whey. Early onset of viral DNAlactia and virolactia as well as high viral load in ...
Rajasundari Thanapal Amala - - 2008
A total of 190 specimens from South Indian children aged 0-59 months with ocular anomalies consistent with suspected congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) were investigated. Twenty-six of the 65 infants (40%) were confirmed as CRS by detection of rubella specific IgM. Rubella RNA was detected in 41 samples from 26 infants ...
Buss A J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Several endoscopy-related outbreaks of infection have been reported in recent years. For early recognition of inadequate disinfection of endoscopes we designed a microbiological surveillance system to evaluate the efficacy of the cleaning and disinfection procedure, and to trace disinfection problems to individual endoscopes or washer-disinfectors. METHODS: ...
Amini Elaheh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim was to determine the prevalence of conjunctivitis and its bacteriological causes in neonates hospitalized in two hospitals in Iran and to evaluate the maternal and newborns' data in conjunctivitis cases. MATERIAL/METHODS: All newborns presenting at Imam Khomeini and Vali-e-Asr hospitals (2001-2006) with clinical suspicion of conjunctivitis and ...
Ohno Hitoshi - - 2008
A nurse working in a newborn nursery and maternity ward developed 3+ smear-positive lung tuberculosis. The hospital infection control committee, in collaboration with the local public health and welfare center, conducted a contact investigation. The infection period was defined as April to August 2006. The investigation included 109 infant and ...
Dave Sandeep P - - 2008
Mucormycosis is a rare and potentially fatal fungal infection that most commonly affects the immunocompromised population. Although originally described by Paltauf in 1885 (D. G. Finn as cited by Vessely et al(1)((p573)) and A. M. Marchevsky as cited by Oh and Notrica(2)((p1607))), it was not until 1955 that Harris (as ...
Romanelli Roberta Maia de Castro - - 2008
The objective of this research was to identify maternal and fetal characteristics as prognostic markers of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. This is a descriptive study of 13 cases of congenital CMV infection referred to Institute de Puericulture et Perinatologie de Paris (IPP) from January 2005 to October 2006. Amniotic fluid ...
Rours Ingrid G I J G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted pathogen in adults, which at delivery may be transmitted from mother to child and cause conjunctivitis and pneumonia. In The Netherlands, prenatal chlamydial screening and treatment of pregnant women is not routine practice. The contribution of C. trachomatis to neonatal ophthalmic ...
Weitkamp J-H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous reports suggest a benefit of fluconazole prophylaxis in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants <1000 g. Our aim was to evaluate if limiting fluconazole prophylaxis to targeted highest risk infants effectively prevents invasive fungal infections, has no undesired side effects and limits unnecessary drug exposure. STUDY DESIGN: This ...
Müller A - - 2008
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most important congenital viral infection. Intravenous (i.v.) Ganciclovir (GCV) improved outcome in term infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection. We present data on oral valganciclovir (VGCV) in an extremely low birth weight infant. A male preterm infant was delivered at 28 weeks of gestation because ...
Mauer U M - - 2008
Standard neurosurgical procedures for hydrocephalus and open neural tube defects in newborns and infants under 6 months of age were performed by a single neurosurgeon on his own without the help of an assistant or scrub nurse. The objective of this study was to assess the outcome of these procedures ...
Chen Hsiu-Lin - - 2008
Traditional risk factors are not adequate for predicting serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of the plasma level of soluble form of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in predicting SBI in febrile infants less than 3 ...
Pistorius Lourens Rasmus - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We describe the clinical course of an infant who presented with severe fetal anemia and fetal hydrops following congenital parvovirus B19 infection before 16 gestational weeks. The fetus was treated by cordocentesis and intrauterine transfusion at 18 weeks. RESULTS: The infant demonstrated mild unilateral ventriculomegaly on antenatal magnetic resonance ...
Guinto-Ocampo Hazel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence of reported cases of pertussis is increasing, despite high rates of vaccination among infants and children. The burden of disease, and rates of complication and death are highest among infants. The limited availability of a timely reliable confirmatory test for pertussis hinders early identification of infected infants. ...
Mwangoka Grace W - - 2008
Although recent reports on congenital malaria suggest that the incidence is increasing, it is difficult to determine whether the clinical disease is due to parasites acquired before delivery or as a result of contamination by maternal blood at birth. Understanding of the method of parasite acquisition is important for estimating ...
Neto M T MT NICU-Hospital de Dona Estefânia, Rua Jacinta Marto 1169-045, Lisbon, Portugal. - - 2008
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is the most common isolate in mother-related infection in newborns. To evaluate the epidemiology of GBS infection in the first 90 days after birth; to determine if prophylaxis for early-onset neonatal GBS infection can be based only on risk factors. National epidemiological surveillance. Between April 2001 ...
Cohen Daniela M - - 2007
In a nested case-control study of 478 infants < or =90 days of age, one-third of infants undergoing cerebrospinal fluid herpes simplex virus (HSV) testing by polymerase chain reaction were >28 days of age. Recognized factors, such as mode of delivery, were not associated with HSV testing. The factors currently ...
Smith Claire L - - 2007
Infection remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality especially in newborn infants. Analytical methods for diagnosing infection are severely limited in terms of sensitivity and specificity and require relatively large samples. It is proposed that stringent regulation of the human transcriptome affords a new molecular diagnostic approach based on ...
Fleisch Abby F - - 2007
We report 2 cases of extensive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) retropharyngeal abscesses in young infants. In 1 case, the abscess was associated with a reactive thrombosis of the jugular vein. Based on the existing literature and the rapid emergence of MRSA skin and soft tissue infections, it is possible that ...
Cosnes-Lambe Cécile - - 2008
During the winter 2005-2006, all infants <4 months of age admitted for bronchiolitis or acute respiratory tract infection in a tertiary care pediatric hospital in Paris were tested for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and pertussis with real-time polymerase-chain reaction (RT-PCR). A positive pertussis-PCR was found in 14/90 (16%) infants infected ...
Parikh Tushar B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fungal infections are common cause of morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight Infants OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic Fluconazole in preventing fungal colonization and invasive fungal infection in VLBW infants. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary level Neonatal intensive care ...
Sato Akira - - 2007
Reported herein is a case of hydrops fetalis in which the cord blood expressed cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigen. Fetal ascites was removed from an infected fetus with hydrops in utero and 2.5 g CMV hyperimmunoglobulin was administered into the fetal abdominal cavity at 28 weeks gestation. After immunoglobulin administration, fetal ascites ...
Ray P - - 2007
E. sakazakii has been implicated in necrotizing enterocolitis, bloodstream and central nervous system infections, with mortality rates of 40-80%. Two cases of E. sakazakii infections; one preterm very low birth weight neonate with meningitis and a two month infant with bacteraemia, are described for the first time in India. The ...
DeVries Jennifer - - 2007
Most infants exposed to cytomegalovirus (CMV) in utero will not be symptomatic; however, infants born with symptomatic CMV will have more severe consequences and poorer prognosis than will asymptomatic infants. The timing of infection during pregnancy largely affects the expected outcomes and consequences to the fetus. It is possible for ...
Zagólski O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The influence of congenital cytomegalovirus infection on cochlear function has been well recognised; however, its impact on the vestibular system in infants has not been examined. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate vestibular function in a group of infants, using caloric stimulation tests and vestibular-evoked myogenic ...
Gerna Giuseppe - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: During the winter-spring seasons 2004-2005 and 2005-2006, 965 nasopharyngeal aspirates from 871 patients were examined for human metapneumovirus (hMPV) by both monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. RESULTS: Overall, 46 samples (4.8%) from 37 patients were positive for hMPV. Of these, 39 were positive by RT-PCR, and ...
Whitley Richard - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of possible neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, HSV infection status of women with infected infants, and use of measures to reduce risk of HSV transmission to the neonate in a large US managed-care population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of administrative claims from the Integrated ...
Okuda Masumi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acquisition of Helicobacter pylori infection occurs in early childhood, but the exact time of the acquisition and dynamics of infection are not clear. The aim of this study was to estimate the time of acquisition of H. pylori colonization in infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective follow-up study included ...
Yamamoto Aparecida Yulie - - 2007
A case-control study design was used in order to compare the distribution of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) glycoprotein B (gB) genotypes in 48 mothers of 49 congenitally infected infants with that observed in 144 mothers of 146 uninfected infants to study genetic variation of HCMV strains and maternal-fetal transmission. Congenital infection ...
Newton Opiyo - - 2007
Globally, young infant mortality comprises 40% of the estimated 10.8 million child deaths annually. Almost all (99%) of these deaths arise in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Achievement of the Millennium Development Goal for child survival, however, requires a significant improvement in the management of infections in young infants. We ...
Castinel A - - 2007
As part of a health survey of New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri) on Enderby Island, Auckland Islands (50 degrees 30'S, 166 degrees 17'E), neonatal mortality was closely monitored at the Sandy Bay colony for seven consecutive years. Throughout the breeding seasons 1998-99 to 2004-05, more than 400 postmortem examinations ...
Balasubramanian S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical profile of interstitial lung disease in infancy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of cases diagnosed to have ILD was carried out in Kanchi Kamakoti CHILDS Trust hospital over a period of 2 yr. Infants aged 1 month to 1 yr of age were included if they ...
Kenneson Aileen - - 2007
We reviewed studies that reported results of systematic cytomegalovirus (CMV) screening on fetuses and/or live-born infants. The overall birth prevalence of congenital CMV infection was 0.64%, but varied considerably among different study populations. About 11% of live-born infants with congenital CMV infection were symptomatic, but the inter-study differences in definitions ...
Hitti Jane - - 2007
The objective of this study was to examine the associations between lower genital tract infection, racial group and preterm birth in the Vaginal Infections and Prematurity Study, a large prospective cohort study conducted between 1984 and 1989. This analysis included 11 910 women enrolled at 23-26 weeks' gestation with equal ...
Madan Ichchha - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Despite the tremendous advances made in the management of genital herpes, neonatal herpes has not been completely eradicated. In addition, the time from the onset of symptoms in the neonate to the diagnosis of herpes and institution of antiviral medication has remained unchanged in the past 20 years. CASE: ...
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