Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1368
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Shim Yoon Hee - - 2009
Urinary tract infection (UTI) frequently recurs and increases the risk of renal scarring even in infants with normal urinary tracts. Our study was aimed to find preventive measures for recurrent UTI in these infants. One-hundred ninety infants, who were diagnosed with their first febrile UTI and were proven to have ...
Tapia German - - 2008
Parechoviruses are assumed to be common infectious agents, but their epidemiologic and pathogenic properties are not well known. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of Parechovirus in Norwegian infants, as well as to investigate whether the presence of virus correlated with symptoms ...
Syridou Garyfallia - - 2008
There are previous indications that transplacental transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV), parvovirus B19 (PB19) and herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1/2) cause fetal infections, which may lead to fetal death. In a prospective case-control study we examined the incidence of these viruses in intrauterine fetal death and their association ...
Lafeber Harrie N - - 2008
In contrast with clinical studies in term infants or older children, it is very difficult to investigate possible immunoregulatory effects of a novel infant formula composition in preterm infants. This is mainly because of the multicausal origin of infections in this high-risk population that is usually admitted to the neonatal ...
Basu S - - 2008
A term newborn with severe congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is described. Fetal ascites was detected at 28 weeks gestation, and at birth there was tense ascites. There was intra-uterine growth retardation, microcephaly, chorioretinitis, jaundice, purpura and pneumonitis. Computed tomographic scan of the brain showed ventriculomegaly with periventricular calcifications. Serology was ...
Dar Lalit - - 2008
To determine the incidence and natural history of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in a population of women with near universal serologic reactivity for CMV, a prospective study of 423 women attending the antenatal clinic of the Comprehensive Rural Health Center in northern India was conducted. All 9 (2.1%) CMV positive ...
Riffelmann Marion - - 2008
Pertussis is not just a childhood disease, but a respiratory infection that causes persistent cough in all age groups, from newborns to the elderly. The authors performed a selective literature search and reviewed national and international recommendations for treatment and vaccination. Pertussis is found principally in young unvaccinated infants, but ...
Liu Ji-Xian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with urinary tract infection (UTI) are known to have impaired bladder function as demonstrated by urodynamic (UD) studies. UD is rarely performed in infants. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bladder function in infants with UTI using a dynamic US protocol. Maximal bladder volume (MaxBV), residual volume (RV) and bladder wall ...
DiCarlo Angela - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Eczema herpeticum is caused by herpes simplex infection of atopic dermatitis. The infection typically causes a vesiculopustular rash, but can disseminate and be life threatening. CASE: A primigravida with a history of eczema and hypogammaglobulinemia presented at 28 weeks of gestation with preterm labor, fever, and extensive rash. After ...
Olgun Nicole - - 2008
Preterm birth (PTB), defined as any birth occurring before 37 weeks of gestation, occurs in only 12% of all births, yet accounts for nearly half of long-term neurological morbidity, and 60%-80% of perinatal mortality. The single most common cause of PTB is intrauterine infection. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor ...
Dalben M - - 2008
Enterobacter cloacae has emerged as an important pathogen in neonatal units, with several outbreaks of infection being reported. The aim of this study was to investigate an outbreak of sepsis due to E. cloacae in a neonatal unit and to review the literature. A retrospective cohort study was conducted in ...
Goedhals D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in infants has been associated with liver disease, the role of HCMV in infants presenting with prolonged neonatal jaundice is unclear as this clinical picture can be caused by a broad spectrum of underlying conditions. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine a possible role ...
Skerratt Lee F - - 2008
Spread of the amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has caused the decline and extinction of frogs, but the distribution of Bd is not completely known. This information is crucial to implementing appropriate quarantine strategies, preparing for outbreaks of chytridiomycosis due to introduction of Bd, and for directing conservation actions ...
Mwangoka, Grace W
Abstract Background Although recent reports on congenital malaria suggest that the incidence is increasing, it is difficult to determine whether the clinical disease is due to parasites acquired before delivery or as a result of contamination by maternal blood at birth. Understanding of the method of parasite acquisition is important ...
Nakwan Narongsak - - 2008
Neonatal infection due to Cryptococcus neoformans is extremely rare. We report a case of a 21-day-old neonate diagnosed with cryptococcal septicemia who was successfully treated with amphotericin B. He was born to a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seronegative mother. This report alerts general pediatricians and neonatologists to consider Cryptococcus neoformans ...
Abdel-Hady H - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing (ESBL) Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important cause of nosocomial infections in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Our objectives were to determine (1) the incidence of ESBL K. pneumoniae in our NICU, (2) the frequency of SHV-1 and SHV-2 gene acquisition among ESBL K. pneumoniae isolates, (3) ...
Kaufman David A - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Owing to the high mortality, risk of neurodevelopmental impairment and end-organ involvement with fungal infections in the neonate, prevention of invasive Candida infections in extremely preterm infants should be a priority for each neonatal ICU. RECENT FINDINGS: Even with prompt or empiric treatment, mortality and neurodevelopmental impairment ...
Phongsamart Wanatpreeya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Vertical dengue virus transmissions have been infrequently described. To date there are no published data on long-term outcome and antibody kinetics of infants who were infected in utero. This is the first report of vertical dengue transmission with 12 months follow-up evolution of antibody and the clinical outcome. METHODS: ...
Das A - - 2008
Two cases of congenital tuberculosis are described. Case 1 presented at 12 days of age. The mother had been symptomatic for tuberculosis in the 1st trimester but was not diagnosed until her infant developed symptoms. The infant's gastric aspirate was acid-fast-bacilli (AFB)-positive and Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture-positive. PCR on the gastric ...
Ramani Sasirekha - - 2008
A distinct feature of neonatal rotavirus infection is the association of unusual strains that appear to be prevalent only in neonatal units and persist for long periods of time. The main aims of this study were to determine if rotavirus can be detected on environmental surfaces in the neonatal nursery ...
Boulouffe Caroline - - 2008
Cough is a frequent reason for ED consultation. When one considers the epidemiological data, whooping cough must be considered in the differential of subacute cough. Clinical symptomatology is slightly different in the adult and unvaccinated child. An infection by Bordetella pertussis should be suspected when the history shows a persistent ...
Xu Fujie - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections and to assess the utility of surveillance methods for neonatal herpes in 2 managed care populations. METHODS: We identified potential cases using 15 discharge International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9) codes for neonatal HSV and ...
Al-Kindi Hussein - - 2008
Cyclic neutropenia is a congenital episodic defect in the development of neutrophils in the bone marrow. It is usually diagnosed late in infancy as it generally takes several cycles of neutropenia before the condition is suspected. These patients often have recurrent mild infectious episodes, but may develop life-threatening bacterial infections; ...
Nigro Giovanni G Pediatric Department, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy. - - 2008
To assess the effects of maternal and intra-amniotic hyperimmunoglobulin (HIG) infusions among cytomegalovirus (CMV) infected fetuses with ultrasound abnormalities following a primary CMV infection. The subjects were fetuses with CMV-associated cerebral and other ultrasound abnormalities. Three mothers were treated with HIG infusions during pregnancy and two were untreated. Fetal ventricle ...
Lépine A - - 2009
Nosocomial infections in neonatal intensive care units are a preoccupying issue. Bacillus sp. can be pathogenic in immuno-compromised hosts, including premature infants. Central catheters and mechanical ventilation are potential sources of infection. We report for the first time a case of Bacillus licheniformis bacteremia in a premature infant. Recovery necessitated ...
Fausto Maria Arlene - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate growth parameters assessed by weight and length in infected and uninfected infants born to HIV-1-infected mothers and followed from birth to 18 months. METHODS: A cohort consisting of ninety-seven uninfected and forty-two infected infants born to HIV-infected mothers enrolled from 1995 to 2004, and admitted during ...
Jartti T T Dept of Paediatrics, Turku University Hospital, P.O. Box 52, 20520 Turku, Finland. - - 2008
To better understand the viral aetiology of recurrent and prolonged illnesses, nasal secretions were prospectively collected from 285 infants at increased risk of developing asthma. Of these, 27 infants had recurrent (at least five) moderate-to-severe respiratory illnesses (MSIs). The viral aetiology of the 150 MSIs and 86 scheduled visits was ...
Arpino C - - 2008
Although cytomegalovirus (CMV) congenital infection is more severe in children born to women with primary infection, neurological symptoms have also been observed in infants born to mothers with preconceptional immunity. The authors describe for the first time a case of severe cortical development disorder associated with multiple abnormalities of the ...
Visser Adele - - 2008
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) may cause severe lower respiratory tract disease in premature infants. Prolonged viral shedding has been reported in patients with underlying immunosuppressive disorders, such as human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection. During March to May 2006, 23 preterm pediatric patients developed nosocomial pneumonia in a district hospital ...
OĊ›wiecimska Joanna M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: IGF-I is believed to be a key factor in fetal growth dynamics It is widely known, that serious early-onset infection in the newborn is a risk factor for further developmental disturbances in a child. However, effect of congenital infection as well as an influence of infectious and non-infectious perinatal ...
Iwasa Tadashi - - 2008
Rotavirus is an acute enteric pathogen in infants and children. We reported a rare case of a 6-mo-old infant with protein-loosing enteropathy (PLE) caused by rotavirus gastroenteritis, and evaluated the immunological profile in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Laboratory examinations showed lymphopenia, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, and elevation of alpha-1-antitrypsin (alpha1-AT) clearance. Lymphocytes ...
Foulon Ina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, characteristics, and evolution of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in infants with a congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMV). STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective 10-year study, 14 021 unselected live-born infants were screened for cCMV by virus isolation in urine. Congenitally infected newborns were evaluated for SNHL during ...
Anderson Brian - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDRE) in hospitalized infants. METHODS: From 2000 through 2005, active surveillance cultures for MDRE were performed for patients admitted to a 40-bed neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that provides care for critically ill infants 6 months of age or younger. MDRE epidemiology ...
Bilavsky Efraim - - 2008
The objective of this study was to assess prospectively the frequency of concurrent serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants < or = 3 months of age with or without bronchiolitis. SBI was detected in 30 of 312 (9.6%) infants without bronchiolitis compared with 3 of 136 (2.2%) infants with ...
Hamprecht Klaus - - 2008
Breastfeeding has a major impact on HCMV epidemiology. The incidence of postnatal HCMV reactivation during lactation equals the maternal seroprevalence. Infectious virus, viral DNA and RNA can be isolated easily from cell and fat-free milk whey. Early onset of viral DNAlactia and virolactia as well as high viral load in ...
Rajasundari Thanapal Amala - - 2008
A total of 190 specimens from South Indian children aged 0-59 months with ocular anomalies consistent with suspected congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) were investigated. Twenty-six of the 65 infants (40%) were confirmed as CRS by detection of rubella specific IgM. Rubella RNA was detected in 41 samples from 26 infants ...
Buss A J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Several endoscopy-related outbreaks of infection have been reported in recent years. For early recognition of inadequate disinfection of endoscopes we designed a microbiological surveillance system to evaluate the efficacy of the cleaning and disinfection procedure, and to trace disinfection problems to individual endoscopes or washer-disinfectors. METHODS: ...
Amini Elaheh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim was to determine the prevalence of conjunctivitis and its bacteriological causes in neonates hospitalized in two hospitals in Iran and to evaluate the maternal and newborns' data in conjunctivitis cases. MATERIAL/METHODS: All newborns presenting at Imam Khomeini and Vali-e-Asr hospitals (2001-2006) with clinical suspicion of conjunctivitis and ...
Ohno Hitoshi - - 2008
A nurse working in a newborn nursery and maternity ward developed 3+ smear-positive lung tuberculosis. The hospital infection control committee, in collaboration with the local public health and welfare center, conducted a contact investigation. The infection period was defined as April to August 2006. The investigation included 109 infant and ...
Dave Sandeep P - - 2008
Mucormycosis is a rare and potentially fatal fungal infection that most commonly affects the immunocompromised population. Although originally described by Paltauf in 1885 (D. G. Finn as cited by Vessely et al(1)((p573)) and A. M. Marchevsky as cited by Oh and Notrica(2)((p1607))), it was not until 1955 that Harris (as ...
Romanelli Roberta Maia de Castro - - 2008
The objective of this research was to identify maternal and fetal characteristics as prognostic markers of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. This is a descriptive study of 13 cases of congenital CMV infection referred to Institute de Puericulture et Perinatologie de Paris (IPP) from January 2005 to October 2006. Amniotic fluid ...
Rours Ingrid G I J G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted pathogen in adults, which at delivery may be transmitted from mother to child and cause conjunctivitis and pneumonia. In The Netherlands, prenatal chlamydial screening and treatment of pregnant women is not routine practice. The contribution of C. trachomatis to neonatal ophthalmic ...
Weitkamp J-H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous reports suggest a benefit of fluconazole prophylaxis in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants <1000 g. Our aim was to evaluate if limiting fluconazole prophylaxis to targeted highest risk infants effectively prevents invasive fungal infections, has no undesired side effects and limits unnecessary drug exposure. STUDY DESIGN: This ...
Müller A - - 2008
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most important congenital viral infection. Intravenous (i.v.) Ganciclovir (GCV) improved outcome in term infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection. We present data on oral valganciclovir (VGCV) in an extremely low birth weight infant. A male preterm infant was delivered at 28 weeks of gestation because ...
Mauer U M - - 2008
Standard neurosurgical procedures for hydrocephalus and open neural tube defects in newborns and infants under 6 months of age were performed by a single neurosurgeon on his own without the help of an assistant or scrub nurse. The objective of this study was to assess the outcome of these procedures ...
Chen Hsiu-Lin - - 2008
Traditional risk factors are not adequate for predicting serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of the plasma level of soluble form of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in predicting SBI in febrile infants less than 3 ...
Pistorius Lourens Rasmus - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We describe the clinical course of an infant who presented with severe fetal anemia and fetal hydrops following congenital parvovirus B19 infection before 16 gestational weeks. The fetus was treated by cordocentesis and intrauterine transfusion at 18 weeks. RESULTS: The infant demonstrated mild unilateral ventriculomegaly on antenatal magnetic resonance ...
Guinto-Ocampo Hazel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence of reported cases of pertussis is increasing, despite high rates of vaccination among infants and children. The burden of disease, and rates of complication and death are highest among infants. The limited availability of a timely reliable confirmatory test for pertussis hinders early identification of infected infants. ...
Mwangoka Grace W - - 2008
Although recent reports on congenital malaria suggest that the incidence is increasing, it is difficult to determine whether the clinical disease is due to parasites acquired before delivery or as a result of contamination by maternal blood at birth. Understanding of the method of parasite acquisition is important for estimating ...
Neto M T MT NICU-Hospital de Dona Estefânia, Rua Jacinta Marto 1169-045, Lisbon, Portugal. - - 2008
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is the most common isolate in mother-related infection in newborns. To evaluate the epidemiology of GBS infection in the first 90 days after birth; to determine if prophylaxis for early-onset neonatal GBS infection can be based only on risk factors. National epidemiological surveillance. Between April 2001 ...
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