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Panning Marcus - - 2010
Human parvovirus 4 has been considered to be transmitted only parenterally. However, after novel genotype 3 of parvovirus 4 was found in 2 patients with no parenteral risks, we tested infants in Ghana. A viremia rate of 8.6% over 2 years indicates that this infection is common in children in ...
Yilmaz Çiftdogan Dilek - - 2011
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the leading nongenetic cause of congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Hearing loss due to congenital CMV infection either has onset after the newborn period or shows progressive decline in auditory thresholds. Although 90% of the congenitally infected infants are asymptomatic at birth, evidence is accumulating ...
Strunk Tobias - - 2011
Neonates, particularly those born prematurely, are exquisitely vulnerable to life-threatening infections. This increased susceptibility to infection is maintained into childhood. Despite the considerable human and economic cost of infection-related neonatal morbidity and mortality, the mechanisms underlying this heightened susceptibility are only partly understood. It is increasingly recognised that innate immune ...
Jardine Andrew - - 2010
An important approach to protecting infants against pertussis is to provide a booster vaccination to close contacts, however this strategy requires a good understanding of infection sources to be effective. The objective of this study was to identify the most important sources of transmission of pertussis infection to infants, regardless ...
Youssef Dany - - 2010
A 9-month-old infant presented with fever, dyspnoea, and a murmur. Echocardiography showed a mitral vegetation with significant regurgitation. Mitral valve plasty was performed on day 6, and was polymerase chain reaction positive for Kingella kingae. The cardiac outcome was favourable. This case illustrates a subtle presentation of K. kingae mitral ...
Lécuyer Aurélie - - 2010
Chickenpox is often considered more severe during the first year of life, but its course is usually mild during the first 3 months of life, presumably owing to the persistence of maternal antibodies. Hospitalization and intravenous acyclovir therapy are generally restricted to severe cases but also systematically recommended in newborns ...
Rafeey Mandana - - 2010
This present study was designed to determine the prevalence of H. pylori in infants and correlation of this infection with age. In a prospective descriptive study in Tabriz children hospital, we conducted analysis of children within age 2 year or younger who had H. pylori infection that were diagnosed with ...
Kharrazi Martin - - 2010
To determine the birth prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in a population-based sample of newborns by use of dried blood spots compared with previous studies that used established detection methods, and to evaluate risk factors and birth outcomes for congenital CMV infection. A total of 3972 newborn dried blood spots collected ...
van Piggelen Renée O - - 2010
Data of 11 infants (median gestational age and birth weight 30 weeks and 1520 g, respectively) with severe human rhinovirus infection (HRV) are described. Nine of 11 (82%) were preterm infants and 7 of these 9 (78%) became infected during their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit. All infants ...
Preda Iulian - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the role of ultrasound in diagnosing and treating infants with a first urinary tract infection with a focus on important structural abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a setting of limited prenatal ultrasound screening this population based, prospective, 3-year study included 161 male and 129 female infants. Ultrasound ...
Jain Amita - - 2010
Dengue virus (DV) infection causes either a benign syndrome, dengue fever, or a severe syndrome, dengue haemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS), that is characterized by systemic capillary leakage, thrombocytopaenia and hypovolaemic shock. DHF/DSS occur mainly due to secondary infection by a heterotype DV infection in children and adults but in ...
Fouzas S - - 2010
to estimate the incidence of reactive thrombocytosis among febrile young infants and to asses the utility of platelet count as a potential predictor of serious bacterial infection (SBI). retrospective study between January 2005 and December 2008. tertiary care pediatric unit. all infants 29 to 89 days of age, admitted with ...
del Puerto Florencia - - 2010
Trypanosoma cruzi II is associated with Chagas disease in the southern part of South America. We analyzed T. cruzi variants in field-collected triatomines and congenitally infected infants living in the same disease-endemic region in Paraguay. Results of polymerase chain reactions for T. cruzi kinetoplast DNA and satellite DNA were positive ...
Soccorso Giampiero - - 2010
The investigation of infantile febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) is still a subject of debate and controversy. To evaluate for vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) most authorities recommend a micturating cystourethrogram (MCUG) to be performed at least 4 weeks after UTI to avoid false positive. At a tertiary centre for paediatric specialities, ...
Shah Samir S SS Division of Infectious Diseases, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
To examine whether ordering testing of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for herpes simplex virus (HSV) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in neonates and young infants is associated with increased hospital length of stay (LOS) or increased hospital charges. This retrospective cohort study enrolled infants age <or=56 days who underwent lumbar puncture ...
Soundravally R - - 2010
Fulminant hepatic failure due to dengue infection is rare, although mild liver dysfunction is common. Here we report a fatal case of fulminant hepatitis in an infant infected with dengue 3 serotype. Attention must be given to the use of hepatotoxic drugs in some cases of dengue especially in infants.
Vidwan Gurpreet - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Well-appearing young infants with focal bacterial infections present to the emergency department (ED) and are often admitted for a sepsis evaluation of blood, urine, and spinal fluid. However, the risk of concomitant systemic infections (CSI) in this population is not well reported, specifically comparing febrile to afebrile infants. We ...
Seiden Jeffrey A JA Division of Emergency Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
To identify factors associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis among infants aged 90 days or younger with enterovirus (EV) infections of the central nervous system (CNS). This is a retrospective cohort study performed at an urban academic children's hospital. Patients aged 90 days or younger with a positive CSF EV ...
Barak Shay - - 2010
Influenza is an uncommon illness among premature infants in developed modern neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), but if infants do manifest symptoms of this significant illness, they commonly present with an abrupt onset, with temperature instability and upper respiratory tract involvement and, commonly, clinical features similar to bacterial sepsis. Additionally, ...
Higgins R D - - 2010
For newborn infants in intensive care units, the morbidity and mortality from infection continues to be a major burden despite advances in neonatal care. Infants are at risk for early-onset, late-onset as well as hospital-acquired infections. Research studies are needed to optimize timely diagnosis and treatment, and develop patient-specific and ...
Nigro Giovanni - - 2010
Three infants, who had prenatal or immediately postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection associated with persistently severe enterocolitis requiring total parenteral or nasal gastric feeding, were treated with gancyclovir. The intestinal CMV involvement was shown by the detection of CMV-DNA in the stools of all 3 infants and in the enteral sample ...
Bender Jeffrey M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the presentation, outcomes, and the risk of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in infants <3 months old with influenza virus infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified demographic, hospitalization, and microbiologic data from computerized medical records for all infants and children <24 months of age, with laboratory confirmed influenza ...
Mihatsch Walter A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections endanger preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present controlled randomized trial was to investigate whether Bifidobacterium lactis reduces the incidence of nosocomial infections in infants with very low birth weight (VLBW; <1,500 g) <30 weeks of gestation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, 183 ...
Chau Tran Nguyen Bich - - 2010
Infants account for a small proportion of the overall dengue case burden in endemic countries but can be clinically more difficult to manage. The clinical and laboratory features in infants with dengue have not been extensively characterised. This prospective, cross-sectional descriptive study of infants hospitalized with dengue was conducted in ...
Watt Kevin - - 2010
Historically, management of infants with fever without localizing signs (FWLS) has generated much controversy, with attempts to risk stratify based on several criteria. Advances in medical practice may have altered the epidemiology of serious bacterial infections (SBIs) in this population. We conducted this study to test the hypothesis that the ...
Abdeyazdan Zahra - - 2010
Since the use of high concentrations of oxygen in infants may lead to chronic lung problems, using proper methods of care in infants under mechanical ventilation is one of the most important measures in NICU. This study aimed to investigate the effects of prone and supine positions on oxygenation (SPO(2)) ...
Barrington Keith J - - 2010
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in term infants with hypoxic respiratory failure. The pathophysiology of respiratory failure and the potential risks of iNO differ substantially in preterm infants, necessitating study in this population. To determine the effect of treatment with iNO on death, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), ...
Bendelja Kreso - - 2010
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are part of the innate immune system, able to recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns and activate immune system upon pathogen challenge. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a RNA virus particularly detrimental in infancy. It could cause severe lower respiratory tract disease and recurrent infections related to inadequate development ...
Gage Timothy B - - 2010
It has been hypothesized that birth weight is not on the causal pathway to infant mortality, at least among "normal" births (i.e. those located in the central part of the birth weight distribution), and that US racial disparities (African American versus European American) may be underestimated. Here these hypotheses are ...
Westerbeek Elisabeth Am - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Serious infectious morbidity is high in preterm infants. Enteral supplementation of prebiotics may reduce the incidence of serious infections, especially infections related to the gastrointestinal tract. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effect of enteral supplementation of a prebiotic mixture consisting of neutral oligosaccharides ((SC)GOS/(LC)FOS) and acidic oligosaccharides ...
Chau Tran Nguyen Bich - - 2009
Dengue hemorrhagic fever can occur in primary dengue virus (DENV) infection of infants. The decay of maternally derived DENV immunoglobulin (Ig) G and the incidence of DENV infection were determined in a prospectively studied cohort of 1244 Vietnamese infants. Higher concentrations of total IgG and DENV-reactive IgG were found in ...
Adler Amos - - 2010
There are few data about the epidemiology of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) among children in Israel. This study was intended to identify risk factors for CA-MRSA colonization in healthy infants, to characterize the molecular features of colonizing organisms, and to determine whether they are responsible for health care-associated (HA) ...
Kumagai Hideki - - 2009
We report the first documented case of pancreatitis associated with rotavirus infection in an infant. Estimation of amylase level is important in infants with severe rotavirus gastroenteritis, hyperamylasemia should alert one to the presence of overt pancreatitis which should be investigated by lipase estimation and/or imaging.
Bern Caryn - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We conducted a study of congenital Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Our objective was to apply new tools to identify weak points in current screening algorithms, and find ways to improve them. METHODS: Women presenting for delivery were screened by rapid and conventional serological tests. For infants ...
Choi K Yeon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Up to 15% of infants with asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection will experience some degree of sensorineural hearing loss. Many infants who fail newborn hearing screening (NHS) are likely to have congenital CMV infection, but may escape definitive virologic identification because diagnostic evaluation may not commence until several weeks ...
Chen Hsiu-Lin - - 2009
Early diagnosis of serious bacterial infections (SBI) in febrile young infants based on clinical symptoms and signs is difficult. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic values of circulating chemokines and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in febrile young infants < 3 months of age with suspected SBI. We enrolled 43 ...
de Jong E P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Congenital infections are associated with a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, including lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV). OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between LSV and congenital infections, as diagnosed by TORCH serology and viral culture for cytomegalovirus (CMV). METHODS: All neonates with LSV admitted to our neonatal intensive-care unit from 2004 ...
Tardivo S - - 2009
Pneumococcus is considered one of the main causes of the infections acquired in the community setting and also seems to be the most frequent cause of community-acquired pneumonia in children under 5 years of age. To establish suitable preventive measures as vaccination policy, it would be important to document the ...
Bahl Rajiv - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A rotavirus vaccine previously licensed in the United States was withdrawn because it caused intussusception. Data on background intussusception rates in developing countries are required to plan pre- and postlicensure safety studies for new rotavirus vaccines. Also, it is unclear whether natural rotavirus infection is associated with intussusception. METHODS: ...
Shan Ruobing - - 2009
To observe changes in audiology, intellectual development, behavior development, and physical growth during systematic follow-up of infants with asymptomatic congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection. Fifty-two infants diagnosed with asymptomatic congenital HCMV infection from July 2003 to July 2007 served as the infection group, and 21 healthy infants served as the ...
Kormanik K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Controlled removal of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by serial tapping of ventricular reservoir, such as the McComb reservoir, is an effective way to decompress the ventricular system in preterm infants with rapidly progressing post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) while awaiting optimal conditions for permanent CSF drainage through a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. However, ...
Nowell L L Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, - - 2010
Our aim was to determine the incidence of anatomical abnormalities after a urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants <2 months of age hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This was a retrospective, single-center cohort study of infants <2 months of age in the NICU with a UTI and ...
Chen Chun-Jen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to construct a model for predicting the risk of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants. METHODS: A total of 135 febrile infants younger than 3 months of age who met the inclusion criteria were assessed on the following: physical appearance, complete blood ...
Weidlich Kathrin - - 2009
In adults with severe sepsis, the disturbances of the sublingual microcirculation can be quantified with orthogonal polarization spectral imaging. We investigated the cutaneous microcirculation of preterm infants with proven infection (PosInf) and with suspected but unproven infection (NegInf). In 25 infants, orthogonal polarization spectral images were obtained daily, videos of ...
Libraty Daniel H - - 2009
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is the severe and life-threatening syndrome that can develop after infection with any one of the four dengue virus (DENV) serotypes. DHF occurs almost exclusively in individuals with secondary heterologous DENV infections and infants with primary DENV infections born to dengue immune mothers. The widely accepted ...
Druggan Patrick - - 2009
Enterobacter sakazakii is a member of the Enterobacteriaceae and has been implicated in causing necrotising enterocolitis, as well as bacteraemia and meningitis in infants. In some cases, the infection has been linked to ingestion of infant formula milk (IFM) that has not been terminally sterilised. The nomenclature of E. sakazakii ...
Mitrano Jennifer A - - 2009
Community-acquired strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have become a common cause of skin and soft tissue infections in the United States. These infections sometimes require treatment with antibiotics, and with the increasing resistance of pathogens to these agents, choosing the appropriate drug can be difficult. In lactating women who ...
Haase Roland - - 2009
Candida infections are a major cause of fungal septicemia in neonates and are associated with marked morbidity and mortality. Despite the spectrum of antifungal drugs being dramatically extended during the last decade, invasive fungal infections remain a serious challenge for neonatologists. Amphotericin B and its lipid formulations are the drugs ...
Camlar Secil Arslansoyu - - 2009
Chlamydia trachomatis is a common cause of subacute, afebrile pneumonia with onset from 1 to 3 months of age. On physical examination, crepitant inspiratory rales are commonly heard. Infiltration is usually bilateral and interstitial; reticulonodular pattern and atelectasis have also been described, which distinct the disease from miliary tuberculosis. We ...
Calvo Cristina - - 2009
To assess whether infants hospitalized after an apparently life-threatening event had an associated respiratory virus infection, we analyzed nasopharyngeal aspirates from 16 patients. Nine of 11 infants with positive virus results were infected by rhinoviruses. We detected the new genogroup of rhinovirus C in 6 aspirates.
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