Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1367
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Haines D M - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of artificial mothering, simulated by verbal and physical stimulation of the newborn, on passive transfer of IgG in the dairy calf. Newborn heifer calves born without dystocia were removed from the dam before suckling and randomly assigned to 1 of ...
Labenne Marc - - 2011
: To identify the best combination of serum cytokines and clinical parameters to diagnose rapidly early-onset neonatal infection (EONI) in critically ill preterm infants. At birth, most critically ill neonates are receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics pending bacterial culture results, because distinguishing infected from noninfected infants at birth is difficult. : Prospective ...
Ravn Ingrid Helen - - 2011
In a randomized controlled trial at 12-months of age, the effect of the Mother Infant Transaction Program was tested on social interaction between mothers and moderately and late preterm infants with gestational age≥30.0 and <36 weeks. Ninety-three play sessions were videotaped and coded, 46 mothers-infants in the intervention group and ...
Torche Florencia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Intra-uterine growth is a powerful predictor of infant mortality and of health, developmental and socioeconomic outcomes in adulthood. The question about whether this relationship is causal rather than driven by unobserved characteristics of low-weight infants is, however, still open. We use twin models to examine the hypothesis that in ...
Chiesa Claudio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is still no study evaluating the influence of gestational age (GA) per se on C reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) reference intervals. We therefore investigated how length of gestation, age (hours), and prenatal and perinatal variables might influence the levels of CRP and PCT. We also determined ...
Slotkin Theodore A - - 2011
Maternal smoking during pregnancy greatly enhances perinatal morbidity/mortality and is the major risk factor for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Studies in developing rodents indicate that nicotine is a neuroteratogen that targets monoamine pathways involved in the responses to hypoxia that are in turn, hypothesized to contribute to these adverse ...
Zanardo Vincenzo - - 2011
Late preterm infants are a vulnerable population susceptible to early breastfeeding failure and lactation-associated morbidities. We have found that late preterm gestation has a negative effect on mothers' psychological profiles in the puerperium, with the resulting levels of anxiety, depression, and psychological distress correlating negatively with their early lactation performance.
Slining Meghan M MM Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University quare, 123 Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997, USA. - - 2011
The authors assessed the relation between infant weight velocity and adult insulin resistance, specifically evaluating whether adult size and body fat distribution mediated the association. Data were from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (Cebu, the Philippines), in which a birth cohort was followed to age 22 years (n=1,409; ...
Henkle Emily - - 2011
We evaluated infant sera from an immunization trial in Bangladesh to assess influenza hemagglutination inhibition antibody titer increases in 131 unimmunized infants from birth to 6 months. We detected 31 serologically defined infections. Combined with 10 additional rapid test-proven influenza cases, the minimal estimated incidence was 31 of 100 infants ...
Cassidy Jude - - 2011
This randomized controlled trial examined (a) the efficacy of a brief intervention designed to increase the rate of secure infant attachment, (b) the differential susceptibility hypothesis, and (c) whether maternal attachment styles moderated the expected Treatment × Irritability interaction in predicting infant attachment outcomes. Although there was no main effect ...
Harper Lorie M LM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2011
To estimate the effect of birth weight difference between the current and index pregnancy on vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) failure in patients whose prior cesarean was for cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD). This was a retrospective cohort study of women with one cesarean for CPD, comparing the rate of VBAC failure ...
Wisanskoonwong Peeranan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a significant global health problem with serious short and long term consequences. This paper reviews the research literature to answer the question how effective are the medical interventions that aim to reduce the rates of preterm birth? METHODS: A systematic search was carried out in CINAHL, ...
Elder Dawn E - - 2011
Aims:  To document the effect of position on oxygen saturation and changes in oxygen requirement in convalescent preterm infants. Methods:  Twelve infants born ≥ 24 and ≤ 32 weeks gestation, extubated and without congenital anomaly were studied using nap polysomnography in prone and supine, two-weekly until discharge. Mean oxygen saturation ...
Pereira Leonardo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety, acceptability, and antimicrobial effect of 1% chlorhexidine (CHX) vaginal washing of women in labor and their neonates. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial of 1% CHX vaginal and neonatal washing compared with no washing (usual care [UC]). The study included 502 women (334 CHX, 168 UC) who ...
Westerbeek Elisabeth - - 2011
The gastrointestinal inflammatory response may play a role in the susceptibility of preterm infants for infections. We previously reported a trend towards lower endogenous infection morbidity after enteral supplementation of neutral and acidic oligosaccharides (SCGOS/LCFOS/AOS). We hypothesize that enteral supplementation of prebiotics may decrease infectious morbidity by reducing intestinal inflammation. ...
Havranek Thomas - - 2011
Background: Antenatal MgSO(4) administration is used extensively as a tocolytic agent and to treat preeclampsia. Various effects on the fetus and newborn have been reported, and MgSO(4) has well-documented vasoactive effects. Objective: To determine if antenatal MgSO(4) administration affects intestinal blood flow velocity in newborn preterm infants. Methods: Peak, mean ...
Haas David M - - 2011
Preterm birth occurs in about 5% to 10% of all births in resource-rich countries, but in recent years the incidence seems to have increased in some countries, particularly in the USA. We found little reliable evidence for incidence in resource-poor countries. The rate in northwestern Ethiopia has been reported to ...
Vento Máximo - - 2011
Fetal to neonatal transition poses an extraordinary challenge for the extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonate. Indeed a significant number of ELBW neonates will need proactive resuscitation to achieve postnatal stabilization. Positive pressure ventilation and oxygenation are the most relevant interventions in the delivery room (DR). Oxygen needs during resuscitation ...
Pantall Annette - - 2011
To determine the effect of enhanced sensory input on the step frequency of infants with myelomeningocele (MMC) when supported on a motorized treadmill. Twenty-seven infants aged 2 to 10 months with MMC lesions at, or caudal to, L1 participated. We supported infants upright on the treadmill for 2 sets of ...
Pelaez Martha - - 2011
Maternal vocal imitation of infant vocalizations is highly prevalent during face-to-face interactions of infants and their caregivers. Although maternal vocal imitation has been associated with later verbal development, its potentially reinforcing effect on infant vocalizations has not been explored experimentally. This study examined the reinforcing effect of maternal vocal imitation ...
Holditch Sara J - - 2011
The majority of infants born, in developed countries, to HIV-1 positive women are exposed to the HIV-1 virus in utero or peri/post-partum, but are born uninfected. We, and others, have previously shown HIV-1 specific T cell responses in HIV-1 exposed seronegative (HESN) neonates/infants. Our objective in this study was to ...
Kwambana Brenda A BA Bacterial Diseases Programme, Medical Research Council Laboratories (UK), Banjul, The Gambia. - - 2011
Frozen storage often precedes metagenomic analysis of biological samples; however, the freezing process can have adverse effects on microbial composition. The effect of freezing on the detection of bacteria inhabiting the infant nasopharynx, a major reservoir of bacterial pathogens, was investigated. 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene-based terminal restriction fragment length ...
Lau Yoke Yen - - 2011
Advances in technology have resulted in increasing survival rates for premature infants. Oxygen therapy is commonly used in neonatal units as part of respiratory support. The number of premature infants in our institution surviving with severe (stage ≥3) retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) prompted a review of oxygen therapy as a ...
Weinmann Angela - - 2010
Breast milk reduces the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). BH4 is a cofactor for endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). Reduced BH4 levels, or its oxidation to dihydrobiopterin (BH2), uncouple eNOS resulting in formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of NEC. We evaluated colostrum ...
Karagol Belma Saygili - - 2010
We sought to determine the effect of neonatal transport on the incidence of adverse events of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) in term neonates. A retrospective study was performed of neonates who had TTN and were admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Sami Ulus Maternity, Children's Education ...
Usta Ihab M - - 2010
Preterm birth, the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality, is estimated at incidence of 12.7% of all births, which has not decreased over the last four decades despite intensive antenatal care programs aimed at high-risk groups, the widespread use of tocolytics, and a series of other preventive and therapeutic ...
Krenz-Niedbała Marta - - 2010
Objectives: The relationship between season of birth and various physical and psychological outcomes was reported in many studies, although the underlying mechanism still remains unrecognized. The aim of this study was to explore the season-of-birth effect on body size in the sample of 1,148 eight-year-old Polish urban children and propose ...
Krenz-Niedbała Marta - - 2011
Objectives: The relationship between season of birth and various physical and psychological outcomes was reported in many studies, although the underlying mechanism still remains unrecognized. The aim of this study was to explore the season-of-birth effect on body size in the sample of 1,148 eight-year-old Polish urban children and propose ...
Micali Nadia N King's College London, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK. - - 2011
Maternal eating disorders (ED) have been shown to increase the risk of feeding difficulties in the offspring. Very few studies, however, have investigated whether the effect of a maternal ED on childhood feeding is a direct effect or whether it can be ascribed to other child or maternal factors. We ...
Altun-Köroğlu Ozge - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate whether repeated doses of hindmilk were effective for pain relief during routine heel stick in term neonates. Infants enrolled in this double-blind placebo-controlled study were randomly assigned to hindmilk, 12.5% sucrose and distilled water groups. Infants were given 1 ml of the ...
Leerkes Esther M - - 2010
Origins of mothers' and fathers' beliefs about infant crying were examined in 87 couples. Parents completed measures of emotion minimization in the family of origin, depressive symptoms, empathy, trait anger, and coping styles prenatally. At 6 months postpartum, parents completed a self-report measure of their beliefs about infant crying. Mothers ...
Bringué Espuny Xavier - - 2010
Safe and effective antiseptic use in neonatal intensive care units is mandatory. High efficacy and a low number of side-effects from chlorhexidine have permitted avoidance of the use of mercurials and iodine derivatives, but methanol use can be unsafe in extreme preterm newborns. We report two cases of chemical burn ...
Rueda Kathia - - 2010
Systemic fungal infections are associated with substantial case-morbidity and fatality rates in premature infants. Considerable evidence indicates that prophylaxis with fluconazole given to premature infants reduces the risk of invasive fungal infection. There is scant information from developing countries. A comparative study of 2 years, one with fluconazole prophylaxis and ...
Nuolivirta Kirsi - - 2010
Preliminary evidence suggests that viral-pertussis coinfections are common in nonvaccinated infants. Bordetella pertussis infection was studied by polymerase chain reaction in nasopharyngeal aspirates in 142 infants <6 months of age, who were admitted for bronchiolitis. Viral etiology,documented by antigen detection or polymerase chain reaction in nasopharyngeal aspirate, was respiratory syncytial ...
Wicker Linda - - 2011
Late-onset bloodstream infection (LOBI) is a significant problem in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants and can lead to increased mortality and morbidity. The incidence of LOBI in VLBW infants in our unit was >35% before 2004, much higher than 20% reported in other studies. A comprehensive infection control measure was introduced ...
Taipale Teemu - - 2011
The impact of controlled administration of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 (BB-12) on the risk of acute infectious diseases was studied in healthy newborn infants. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 109 newborn 1-month-old infants were assigned randomly to a probiotic group receiving a BB-12-containing tablet (n 55) or to a ...
Simon Leslie V - - 2010
Acute respiratory infection remains a common presentation to Emergency Departments. Oxygen saturations (Sao(2)) may be useful in determining which febrile infants require chest x-rays (CXR) in investigation for bacterial pneumonia (PNA). This study aimed to determine whether Sao(2) is clinically useful in excluding bacterial PNA in febrile infants <24 months. ...
Ripple Michael J MJ Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2010
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes significant morbidity and mortality in infants worldwide. Severe RSV infections in infants cause bronchiolitis, wheeze, and/or cough and significantly increase the risk for developing asthma. RSV pathogenesis is thought to be due to a Th2-type immune response initiated in response to RSV infection, specifically in ...
Zenciroglu Aysegul - - 2011
There are few reports on pandemic swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in very young infants. We aimed to discuss the clinical characteristics and management of the H1N1 influenza infection in very young infants. Clinical characteristics of ten infants diagnosed with H1N1 influenza virus infection during the 2009 outbreak season ...
Wilkerson Jamie - - 2010
IN NEONATOLOGY, EVIDENCE-BASED practice (EBP) relies on well-designed, adequately powered trials to guide practitioners. Several large randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted to explore the use of fluconazole for fungal prophylaxis in premature infants. Despite the findings of these studies, practice varies among units. In a recent survey of ...
Casanova-Roman Manuel - - 2010
Aural myiasis is a rare clinical state that usually occurs in developing countries and in patients who mentally retarded or have poor personal hygiene. However, the prevalence has decreased over the years, and now it is very rare. The authors describe a case of aural myiasis caused by Wohlfartia magnifica ...
Kaufman David A - - 2010
The highest incidence of invasive candidal infection (ICI) occurs in extremely preterm infants (<1000 g birth weight and <or=27 weeks' gestation). In this population, ICI has high mortality, leads to significant neurodevelopmental impairment, and results in increased length of hospital stay and costs. Randomized clinical trials in infants of less ...
Randis Tara M - - 2010
Current strategies to prevent infection-related preterm birth and its associated neonatal morbidities have had limited success. Improved understanding of the pathogen-host interactions underlying altered colonization of the lower genital tract is necessary before significant progress can be made. The application of novel diagnostic techniques such as broad range PCR and ...
Kulkarni Anjali - - 2010
Infant massage was first introduced in China in 2nd century BC. Massaging the newborn has been a tradition in India and other Asian countries since time immemorial. Various oil-based preparations have been used depending on the regional availability. There has been a recent surge in this ancient art particularly as ...
Rogers Eileen - - 2010
Nosocomial infection is a common problem in neonatal intensive care. A pilot quality improvement initiative focussing on hand hygiene and aimed at reducing nosocomial infection in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants was introduced in five Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Line associated laboratory confirmed bloodstream infection (LCBSI) and ventilator associated ...
Lakati A S - - 2010
To assess the effect of pre-lacteal feeding on full breastfeeding in the first six months of life in selected hospitals, Nairobi Province. Pre-lacteal feeding has been internationally discouraged because of its negative effect on the duration of breastfeeding. A prospective cohort design was used with a sample of 692 mother-infant ...
Mayer J Patino - - 2010
Little is known about the immune responses of newborns with congenital Chagas disease (CCD) or congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) but they probably differ to those seen in adults with Chagas disease or toxoplasmosis, leading to differences in pathology. The concentrations of interleukin-18 (IL-18), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) in the ...
Epalza Cristina - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The occurrence of an unusual number of group B streptococcal (GBS) infections in HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants who were followed in our center prompted this study. The objective of this study was to describe and compare the incidence and clinical presentation of GBS infections in infants who were born ...
Huang Fang-Liang - - 2010
In this article we report a nosocomial outbreak of enterovirus 71 (EV71) in a newborn nursery and describe the clinical presentations of infected infants. Community outbreaks of EV71 are quite common in epidemic areas, but a nosocomial outbreak of EV71 is a rare occurrence. A total of 7 out of ...
Aydemir Cumhur - - 2011
Background Invasive fungal infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. The authors conducted the first prospective, randomised controlled trial of nystatin compared with fluconazole for the prevention of fungal colonisation and invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. Methods During a 12-month ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >