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Krenz-Niedbała Marta - - 2011
Objectives: The relationship between season of birth and various physical and psychological outcomes was reported in many studies, although the underlying mechanism still remains unrecognized. The aim of this study was to explore the season-of-birth effect on body size in the sample of 1,148 eight-year-old Polish urban children and propose ...
Micali Nadia N King's College London, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK. - - 2011
Maternal eating disorders (ED) have been shown to increase the risk of feeding difficulties in the offspring. Very few studies, however, have investigated whether the effect of a maternal ED on childhood feeding is a direct effect or whether it can be ascribed to other child or maternal factors. We ...
Altun-Köroğlu Ozge - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate whether repeated doses of hindmilk were effective for pain relief during routine heel stick in term neonates. Infants enrolled in this double-blind placebo-controlled study were randomly assigned to hindmilk, 12.5% sucrose and distilled water groups. Infants were given 1 ml of the ...
Leerkes Esther M - - 2010
Origins of mothers' and fathers' beliefs about infant crying were examined in 87 couples. Parents completed measures of emotion minimization in the family of origin, depressive symptoms, empathy, trait anger, and coping styles prenatally. At 6 months postpartum, parents completed a self-report measure of their beliefs about infant crying. Mothers ...
Bringué Espuny Xavier - - 2010
Safe and effective antiseptic use in neonatal intensive care units is mandatory. High efficacy and a low number of side-effects from chlorhexidine have permitted avoidance of the use of mercurials and iodine derivatives, but methanol use can be unsafe in extreme preterm newborns. We report two cases of chemical burn ...
Rueda Kathia - - 2010
Systemic fungal infections are associated with substantial case-morbidity and fatality rates in premature infants. Considerable evidence indicates that prophylaxis with fluconazole given to premature infants reduces the risk of invasive fungal infection. There is scant information from developing countries. A comparative study of 2 years, one with fluconazole prophylaxis and ...
Nuolivirta Kirsi - - 2010
Preliminary evidence suggests that viral-pertussis coinfections are common in nonvaccinated infants. Bordetella pertussis infection was studied by polymerase chain reaction in nasopharyngeal aspirates in 142 infants <6 months of age, who were admitted for bronchiolitis. Viral etiology,documented by antigen detection or polymerase chain reaction in nasopharyngeal aspirate, was respiratory syncytial ...
Wicker Linda - - 2011
Late-onset bloodstream infection (LOBI) is a significant problem in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants and can lead to increased mortality and morbidity. The incidence of LOBI in VLBW infants in our unit was >35% before 2004, much higher than 20% reported in other studies. A comprehensive infection control measure was introduced ...
Taipale Teemu - - 2011
The impact of controlled administration of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 (BB-12) on the risk of acute infectious diseases was studied in healthy newborn infants. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 109 newborn 1-month-old infants were assigned randomly to a probiotic group receiving a BB-12-containing tablet (n 55) or to a ...
Simon Leslie V - - 2010
Acute respiratory infection remains a common presentation to Emergency Departments. Oxygen saturations (Sao(2)) may be useful in determining which febrile infants require chest x-rays (CXR) in investigation for bacterial pneumonia (PNA). This study aimed to determine whether Sao(2) is clinically useful in excluding bacterial PNA in febrile infants <24 months. ...
Ripple Michael J - - 2010
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes significant morbidity and mortality in infants worldwide. Severe RSV infections in infants cause bronchiolitis, wheeze, and/or cough and significantly increase the risk for developing asthma. RSV pathogenesis is thought to be due to a Th2-type immune response initiated in response to RSV infection, specifically in ...
Zenciroglu Aysegul - - 2011
There are few reports on pandemic swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in very young infants. We aimed to discuss the clinical characteristics and management of the H1N1 influenza infection in very young infants. Clinical characteristics of ten infants diagnosed with H1N1 influenza virus infection during the 2009 outbreak season ...
Wilkerson Jamie - - 2010
IN NEONATOLOGY, EVIDENCE-BASED practice (EBP) relies on well-designed, adequately powered trials to guide practitioners. Several large randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted to explore the use of fluconazole for fungal prophylaxis in premature infants. Despite the findings of these studies, practice varies among units. In a recent survey of ...
Casanova-Roman Manuel - - 2010
Aural myiasis is a rare clinical state that usually occurs in developing countries and in patients who mentally retarded or have poor personal hygiene. However, the prevalence has decreased over the years, and now it is very rare. The authors describe a case of aural myiasis caused by Wohlfartia magnifica ...
Kaufman David A - - 2010
The highest incidence of invasive candidal infection (ICI) occurs in extremely preterm infants (<1000 g birth weight and <or=27 weeks' gestation). In this population, ICI has high mortality, leads to significant neurodevelopmental impairment, and results in increased length of hospital stay and costs. Randomized clinical trials in infants of less ...
Randis Tara M - - 2010
Current strategies to prevent infection-related preterm birth and its associated neonatal morbidities have had limited success. Improved understanding of the pathogen-host interactions underlying altered colonization of the lower genital tract is necessary before significant progress can be made. The application of novel diagnostic techniques such as broad range PCR and ...
Kulkarni Anjali - - 2010
Infant massage was first introduced in China in 2nd century BC. Massaging the newborn has been a tradition in India and other Asian countries since time immemorial. Various oil-based preparations have been used depending on the regional availability. There has been a recent surge in this ancient art particularly as ...
Rogers Eileen - - 2010
Nosocomial infection is a common problem in neonatal intensive care. A pilot quality improvement initiative focussing on hand hygiene and aimed at reducing nosocomial infection in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants was introduced in five Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Line associated laboratory confirmed bloodstream infection (LCBSI) and ventilator associated ...
Lakati A S - - 2010
To assess the effect of pre-lacteal feeding on full breastfeeding in the first six months of life in selected hospitals, Nairobi Province. Pre-lacteal feeding has been internationally discouraged because of its negative effect on the duration of breastfeeding. A prospective cohort design was used with a sample of 692 mother-infant ...
Mayer J Patino - - 2010
Little is known about the immune responses of newborns with congenital Chagas disease (CCD) or congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) but they probably differ to those seen in adults with Chagas disease or toxoplasmosis, leading to differences in pathology. The concentrations of interleukin-18 (IL-18), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) in the ...
Epalza Cristina - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The occurrence of an unusual number of group B streptococcal (GBS) infections in HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants who were followed in our center prompted this study. The objective of this study was to describe and compare the incidence and clinical presentation of GBS infections in infants who were born ...
Huang Fang-Liang - - 2010
In this article we report a nosocomial outbreak of enterovirus 71 (EV71) in a newborn nursery and describe the clinical presentations of infected infants. Community outbreaks of EV71 are quite common in epidemic areas, but a nosocomial outbreak of EV71 is a rare occurrence. A total of 7 out of ...
Aydemir Cumhur - - 2011
Background Invasive fungal infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. The authors conducted the first prospective, randomised controlled trial of nystatin compared with fluconazole for the prevention of fungal colonisation and invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. Methods During a 12-month ...
Kaufman David A - - 2010
In an era of quality improvement and 'getting to zero (infections and/or related mortality),' neonatal candidiasis is ripe for evidence-based initiatives. Knowledge of each institution's invasive Candida infection (ICI) incidence and infection-related mortality is critical to evaluate disease burden and effective interventions. Evidenced-based interventions include: antifungal prophylaxis, starting with appropriate ...
Goussard P - - 2010
The contributing role of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in infants treated for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) is unknown. High dose steroids used in the treatment of PJP may further immunocompromise these infants contributing to the development of CMV pneumonia. The aim of this study was to determine the role of CMV pneumonia ...
Panning Marcus - - 2010
Human parvovirus 4 has been considered to be transmitted only parenterally. However, after novel genotype 3 of parvovirus 4 was found in 2 patients with no parenteral risks, we tested infants in Ghana. A viremia rate of 8.6% over 2 years indicates that this infection is common in children in ...
Yilmaz Çiftdogan Dilek - - 2011
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the leading nongenetic cause of congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Hearing loss due to congenital CMV infection either has onset after the newborn period or shows progressive decline in auditory thresholds. Although 90% of the congenitally infected infants are asymptomatic at birth, evidence is accumulating ...
Strunk Tobias - - 2011
Neonates, particularly those born prematurely, are exquisitely vulnerable to life-threatening infections. This increased susceptibility to infection is maintained into childhood. Despite the considerable human and economic cost of infection-related neonatal morbidity and mortality, the mechanisms underlying this heightened susceptibility are only partly understood. It is increasingly recognised that innate immune ...
Jardine Andrew - - 2010
An important approach to protecting infants against pertussis is to provide a booster vaccination to close contacts, however this strategy requires a good understanding of infection sources to be effective. The objective of this study was to identify the most important sources of transmission of pertussis infection to infants, regardless ...
Youssef Dany - - 2010
A 9-month-old infant presented with fever, dyspnoea, and a murmur. Echocardiography showed a mitral vegetation with significant regurgitation. Mitral valve plasty was performed on day 6, and was polymerase chain reaction positive for Kingella kingae. The cardiac outcome was favourable. This case illustrates a subtle presentation of K. kingae mitral ...
Lécuyer Aurélie - - 2010
Chickenpox is often considered more severe during the first year of life, but its course is usually mild during the first 3 months of life, presumably owing to the persistence of maternal antibodies. Hospitalization and intravenous acyclovir therapy are generally restricted to severe cases but also systematically recommended in newborns ...
Rafeey Mandana - - 2010
This present study was designed to determine the prevalence of H. pylori in infants and correlation of this infection with age. In a prospective descriptive study in Tabriz children hospital, we conducted analysis of children within age 2 year or younger who had H. pylori infection that were diagnosed with ...
Kharrazi Martin - - 2010
To determine the birth prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in a population-based sample of newborns by use of dried blood spots compared with previous studies that used established detection methods, and to evaluate risk factors and birth outcomes for congenital CMV infection. A total of 3972 newborn dried blood spots collected ...
van Piggelen Renée O - - 2010
Data of 11 infants (median gestational age and birth weight 30 weeks and 1520 g, respectively) with severe human rhinovirus infection (HRV) are described. Nine of 11 (82%) were preterm infants and 7 of these 9 (78%) became infected during their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit. All infants ...
Preda Iulian - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the role of ultrasound in diagnosing and treating infants with a first urinary tract infection with a focus on important structural abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a setting of limited prenatal ultrasound screening this population based, prospective, 3-year study included 161 male and 129 female infants. Ultrasound ...
Jain Amita - - 2010
Dengue virus (DV) infection causes either a benign syndrome, dengue fever, or a severe syndrome, dengue haemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS), that is characterized by systemic capillary leakage, thrombocytopaenia and hypovolaemic shock. DHF/DSS occur mainly due to secondary infection by a heterotype DV infection in children and adults but in ...
Fouzas S - - 2010
to estimate the incidence of reactive thrombocytosis among febrile young infants and to asses the utility of platelet count as a potential predictor of serious bacterial infection (SBI). retrospective study between January 2005 and December 2008. tertiary care pediatric unit. all infants 29 to 89 days of age, admitted with ...
del Puerto Florencia - - 2010
Trypanosoma cruzi II is associated with Chagas disease in the southern part of South America. We analyzed T. cruzi variants in field-collected triatomines and congenitally infected infants living in the same disease-endemic region in Paraguay. Results of polymerase chain reactions for T. cruzi kinetoplast DNA and satellite DNA were positive ...
Soccorso Giampiero - - 2010
The investigation of infantile febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) is still a subject of debate and controversy. To evaluate for vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) most authorities recommend a micturating cystourethrogram (MCUG) to be performed at least 4 weeks after UTI to avoid false positive. At a tertiary centre for paediatric specialities, ...
Shah Samir S - - 2010
To examine whether ordering testing of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for herpes simplex virus (HSV) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in neonates and young infants is associated with increased hospital length of stay (LOS) or increased hospital charges. This retrospective cohort study enrolled infants age <or=56 days who underwent lumbar puncture ...
Soundravally R - - 2010
Fulminant hepatic failure due to dengue infection is rare, although mild liver dysfunction is common. Here we report a fatal case of fulminant hepatitis in an infant infected with dengue 3 serotype. Attention must be given to the use of hepatotoxic drugs in some cases of dengue especially in infants.
Seiden Jeffrey A - - 2010
To identify factors associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis among infants aged 90 days or younger with enterovirus (EV) infections of the central nervous system (CNS). This is a retrospective cohort study performed at an urban academic children's hospital. Patients aged 90 days or younger with a positive CSF EV ...
Vidwan Gurpreet - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Well-appearing young infants with focal bacterial infections present to the emergency department (ED) and are often admitted for a sepsis evaluation of blood, urine, and spinal fluid. However, the risk of concomitant systemic infections (CSI) in this population is not well reported, specifically comparing febrile to afebrile infants. We ...
Barak Shay - - 2010
Influenza is an uncommon illness among premature infants in developed modern neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), but if infants do manifest symptoms of this significant illness, they commonly present with an abrupt onset, with temperature instability and upper respiratory tract involvement and, commonly, clinical features similar to bacterial sepsis. Additionally, ...
Higgins R D - - 2010
For newborn infants in intensive care units, the morbidity and mortality from infection continues to be a major burden despite advances in neonatal care. Infants are at risk for early-onset, late-onset as well as hospital-acquired infections. Research studies are needed to optimize timely diagnosis and treatment, and develop patient-specific and ...
Nigro Giovanni - - 2010
Three infants, who had prenatal or immediately postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection associated with persistently severe enterocolitis requiring total parenteral or nasal gastric feeding, were treated with gancyclovir. The intestinal CMV involvement was shown by the detection of CMV-DNA in the stools of all 3 infants and in the enteral sample ...
Bender Jeffrey M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the presentation, outcomes, and the risk of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in infants <3 months old with influenza virus infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified demographic, hospitalization, and microbiologic data from computerized medical records for all infants and children <24 months of age, with laboratory confirmed influenza ...
Mihatsch Walter A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections endanger preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present controlled randomized trial was to investigate whether Bifidobacterium lactis reduces the incidence of nosocomial infections in infants with very low birth weight (VLBW; <1,500 g) <30 weeks of gestation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, 183 ...
Chau Tran Nguyen Bich - - 2010
Infants account for a small proportion of the overall dengue case burden in endemic countries but can be clinically more difficult to manage. The clinical and laboratory features in infants with dengue have not been extensively characterised. This prospective, cross-sectional descriptive study of infants hospitalized with dengue was conducted in ...
Watt Kevin - - 2010
Historically, management of infants with fever without localizing signs (FWLS) has generated much controversy, with attempts to risk stratify based on several criteria. Advances in medical practice may have altered the epidemiology of serious bacterial infections (SBIs) in this population. We conducted this study to test the hypothesis that the ...
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