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Results 901 - 950 of 1386
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Rushton H G - - 1992
We investigated the association of the uncircumcised foreskin and pyelonephritis in male infants less than 6 months old. During a 21-month prospective study 94 children (age range 2 weeks to 18.9 years) were hospitalized for febrile urinary tract infection. The male-to-female ratio for 35 patients less than 6 months old ...
Baker C J - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infection is a major risk for premature infants with very low birth weights. One reason for their susceptibility to infection may be antibody deficiency, since there is little transfer of maternal IgG to the fetus before 32 weeks' gestation. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, double-blind study of neonates ...
Tohyama J - - 1992
We describe clinical and neuroradiologic findings in a male infant with congenital hydrocephalus born to a mother who developed human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy. Ultrasonography at age 20 days showed multiple cysts in the subependymal germinal matrix and enlarged lateral ventricles. Elevation of serum HTLV-I antibody suggested ...
Barton J R - - 1992
Intrauterine infection with syphilis was diagnosed by reactive maternal serologic studies, ultrasonographic findings, and exclusion of other causes in three hydropic fetuses at 31, 34, and 35 weeks' gestation. With penicillin therapy and preterm delivery all infants survived through the perinatal period. Intrauterine infection that follows syphilis is a potentially ...
Airede A I - - 1992
During a 4-year period between January 1987 and December 1990, 41 high-risk neonates with proven urinary tract infections (UTIs) were studied prospectively and compared with 55 control neonates. An incidence of 2.6 UTIs per 1000 live births was noted, amongst whom no obvious radiological abnormalities of the urinary tract were ...
Thompson P J - - 1992
The occurrence of congenital and nosocomial bacterial septicaemia has been documented by identifying the number of positive blood cultures by reviewing the laboratory and clinical records of 394 very low birth weight infants who were consecutively admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit over a 40-month period. The incidence of ...
Piedra P A - - 1992
An adenovirus (Ad) type 8 outbreak was prospectively studied in a neonatal intensive care unit. Nasopharyngeal secretions were cultured weekly for viruses and clinical information was obtained daily in each infant. Eleven of 112 neonates were infected with Ad; 8 of 9 available isolates represented one variant of Ad 8. ...
Bradley J S - - 1992
Newborn infants minimally symptomatic with non-central nervous system (CNS) infections due to Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus [GBS]) and other pathogens may not require skilled nursing care during the entire course of parenteral antibiotic therapy. In 1985, treatment guidelines were made available to private practitioners in Oregon for therapy of ...
Dobbins J G - - 1992
In January 1990, a registry was initiated for surveillance of infants with the often severe symptoms of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease. In the first 2 years, 100 cases were reported to the registry. Petechiae, the most commonly noted clinical sign, were reported for approximately 50% of infants, usually accompanied by ...
Bello C S - - 1992
One hundred and seventy-eight Gambian women in their late 3rd trimester plus babies born to them, and later on some 11 randomly selected CMV positive and 11 CMV negative infants with their mothers and siblings, were examined serologically, and virologically for the evidence of cytomegalovirus infection with a view to ...
Kaushik A - - 1992
Two hundred and fifty six mothers and their newborns were subjected to clinical and haematological tests for the evidence of malaria. Placentae of these were examined histopathologically for malarial parasites and malarial pigment. Forty six placentae showed scanty malarial pigment ingested by monocytes. These appearances were associated with focal syncytial ...
King D L - - 1992
This investigation was conducted to determine whether primary herpetic gingivostomatitis may be responsible for those signs and symptoms commonly attributed to teething in infants. Twenty infants presenting with a parental diagnosis which indicated teething difficulty were included in this study (Group A). Twenty infants who were in no distress served ...
Jenkins M - - 1992
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a rare but increasingly prevalent agent of newborn infection. Primary or first episode genital infection in the mother constitutes the greatest risk of infection in the neonate. Transplacental, HSV-specific functional antibody appears to protect infants from severe disease and may be therapeutically exploitable. Prevention of ...
Teoh T G - - 1992
The presence of excess nasal mucus causing noisy nasal breathing with an obvious mucus discharge (snuffles) is a common problem in infants in the first three months of life. The presence of "snuffles" has traditionally been ascribed, unproven, to an upper respiratory tract infection despite there being no other signs ...
Ehrenkranz N J - - 1992
Nurse cohorting was investigated in a modern neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). During 99 days bacterial infection and colonization rates were determined in 100 infants experimentally assigned cohort or noncohorted care. Colonizing isolate identity was determined by plasmid profile analyses and biotyping in weekly surveillance cultures. Between Days 2 and ...
Faix R G - - 1992
Severe infections caused by non-albicans Candida species are being increasingly reported among infants in neonatal intensive care units. To assess relative severity, mortality rates for C. albicans (CA) and C. parapsilosis (CP) infections in one neonatal intensive care unit from 1980 to 1990 were compared. Invasive candidiasis was defined as ...
Boppana S B - - 1992
Knowledge of the natural history of symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in the newborn is essential in order to anticipate complications and assess the potential benefit from antiviral therapy. To define the disease course we reviewed data on 106 neonates with symptomatic congenital CMV infection diagnosed and managed by the ...
Handsfield H H - - 1992
It is likely that up to 50% of the U.S. population will acquire a sexually transmitted disease by age 30 to 35. In industrialized countries, herpes simplex virus is by far the most common pathogen. The major public health impact of HSV infection is its brutal legacy to newborns. Half ...
Bell T A TA Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle - - 1992
--To study the natural history of Chlamydia trachomatis infections in infants. --Bacteriologic and serologic study of an inception cohort. --University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle. --Twenty-two infants with C trachomatis infections either not treated early in life or recurring after antimicrobial treatment. --Persistence of infection in various anatomic sites, antibody ...
Pisacane A - - 1992
A case-control study was conducted to study the association between breast-feeding and urinary tract infection. Case patients were 128 infants aged birth to 6 months with urinary tract infection. Control infants were 128 infants admitted to the same ward with an acute illness. The results support the hypothesis that breast-feeding ...
Gray P H - - 1992
Cystic encephalomalacia occurred in two preterm infants who had proven intrauterine herpes simplex virus type 2 infection. Calcification was evident in the basal ganglia. Follow-up scans indicated that the cysts had resolved over a period of two months in one infant, while in the case of the other, the cysts ...
Dacher J N - - 1992
The efficacy of preventing neonatal urinary infection in infants by diagnosing hydronephrosis in the fetus on obstetrical ultrasonography was studied. 426 infants had uroradiologic evaluation between 1984 and June 1991 because they had hydronephrosis detected in utero. Thirteen with posterior urethral valves were excluded. Of the remaining 413, 13 (3.1%) ...
Galea G - - 1992
In a 2-year study involving 133 premature low birth weight (less than 1,500 g) infants, the impact of CMV infection via blood transfusion was assessed. 8.4% (7 out of 83) of transfused infants and 10% (7 out of 70) of those exposed to seropositive blood acquired CMV. In those less ...
Baskin M N - - 1992
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of outpatient treatment of febrile infants 28 to 89 days of age with intramuscular administration of ceftriaxone. DESIGN: Prospective consecutive cohort study. SETTING: Urban emergency department. PATIENTS: Five hundred three infants 28 to 89 days of age with temperatures greater than or equal to ...
Pourcyrous M - - 1991
The C-reactive protein (CRP) level was evaluated in 142 infants requiring investigation for suspected infection. After excluding two neonates because of incomplete data, there remained 140 neonates, of whom 16 had septicemia. Fifteen of 16 had increased CRP levels. The CRP value was not elevated in any baby (n = ...
Jain A - - 1991
A study was undertaken to determine the adverse foetal outcome in antichlamydial IgM positive asymptomatic pregnant females. An indirect immunoperoxidase assay was done to detect IgM in 78 apparently normal asymptomatic pregnant women during the third trimester and follow up was done till delivery to study the effect of chlamydial ...
Schultz R - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between genital and urinary tract infections in pregnant Aboriginal women and low birth weight. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study controlling for potential confounding variables. SETTING: Western Australia from 1985 to 1987. SUBJECTS: All Aboriginal women (n = 269) who had given birth to singleton infants weighing ...
Pletcher B A - - 1991
Recent reports have suggested that focal hyperechoic abdominal masses detected during the second trimester may represent a normal variation in fetal intestinal development that is transient in nature and not associated with pathologic conditions. The patient described here had second-trimester ultrasonic findings of fetal meconium peritonitis without ascites, polyhydramnios, or ...
Kosai K - - 1991
To clarify the pathogenesis of hepatic cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, we clinicopathologically investigated 18 infants and 10 adults with cytomegalic inclusion bodies (CIB) in the liver among a total of 75 autopsy cases with CIB in any organ of the body. CMV infection was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. ...
Much D H - - 1991
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease of epidemic proportions, infecting an estimated 4 million people a year. It results not only in infertility and ectopic pregnancy but also in infant morbidity and mortality. Ectopic pregnancy is responsible for 11 percent of maternal deaths. About 60 percent of infected women can ...
Cvetnić V - - 1991
During delivery, a fetus otherwise sterile during the intrauterine life, comes in contact with bacterial flora of the mother's birth canal, and then also with the ward personnel's skin and respiratory system flora. Due to the absence of competitive bacteriological flora, the nasal cavity is gradually colonized by microorganisms, especially ...
Magny J F - - 1991
The effectiveness of intravenously administered immunoglobulin (Ig) therapy for prophylaxis of infection was evaluated in high-risk preterm infants. Two hundred thirty-five premature newborns were randomly assigned, in a double-blind controlled trial, to treatment and placebo groups. Thirty-five infants (29%) of the Ig group and 29 (25%) of the placebo group ...
Wood C L - - 1991
A variety of studies has been directed at establishing the association between human papillomavirus (HPV), as manifested in the adult as a sexually transmitted disease, and laryngeal papillomas found in infants and children. In spite of substantial evidence for the transmission of HPV from women to their infants during childbirth, ...
Walpole I R - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To determine the birth prevalence of congenital toxoplasmosis in Western Australia. DESIGN: A prospective serological study of randomly selected pregnant women and their newborn infants. Paired sera collected from the mothers at their first antenatal visit and cord blood specimens taken from their infants were tested for toxoplasmosis by ...
Judge M R - - 1991
The case is reported of a female infant, who at the age of 3 months developed severe erythroderma, marked hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles and subsequently extreme growth failure and intermittent diarrhoea. Her course was complicated by life-threatening infections but detailed investigation revealed no recognized underlying metabolic or immune ...
McGregor J A - - 1991
Although transmission of Chlamydia trachomatis to infants during vaginal birth can result in conjunctivitis and pneumonitis, there is uncertainty about other adverse effects of chlamydial infection during pregnancy. There is some evidence that it may contribute to adverse complications such as premature rupture of membranes, preterm labor and birth, low ...
Singh M - - 1991
The neonatal morbidity was studied in 7015 neonates born at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital, New Delhi. The incidence of low birth weight babies was 26.7 per cent; one seventh (13.5%) of the series were preterm (less than 37 wk), while 6.6 per cent were 'small-for-dates'. Birth ...
Asano Y - - 1991
The degree of viremia with human herpesvirus-6 was evaluated in 176 blood samples from 89 infants with exanthem subitum and viremia, and compared with the severity of clinical features and complications of the disease. Fever persisted for 3 to 4 days in 73% of infants and for more than 5 ...
St Geme J W JW - - 1991
During the last decade, improved neonatal care has permitted the survival of extremely low birthweight infants who are at increased risk for the development of nosocomial infection. The coagulase-negative staphylococci currently represent the most frequent nosocomial pathogen isolated from infants in the newborn intensive care unit. This article details pathogenesis, ...
Brown Z A - - 1991
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: To define the risk factors associated with neonatal acquisition of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, we prospectively obtained HSV cultures from the cervix and external genitalia of 15,923 pregnant women in early labor who were without symptoms or signs of genital HSV infection. Follow-up of the women ...
Takala A K - - 1991
Nine cases of neonatal Haemophilus influenzae septicaemia were recorded in Finland during 1985-9; incidence was 2.8/100,000 live births, and 1.6% of all cases of neonatal septicaemia. The onset of the disease was early in all cases, ranging from 0-6 hours after delivery. Seven of the infants were preterm and three ...
Rodwell R L - - 1991
Alloimmune neonatal neutropenia (ANN) is reported for the first time in two Australian aboriginals. Both infants displayed the typical clinical features of ANN with profound neutropenia which persisted for 7 weeks and only minor infectious episodes. However, management strategies differed for the two infants because in one case (complicated by ...
Hutto C - - 1991
Most infants with pediatric acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and infections with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) are infected perinatally by their mothers. To determine the proportion of exposed infants who are infected, we conducted a hospital-based prospective study in HIV-1-infected women whose infants were delivered at a single metropolitan hospital ...
Stull T L - - 1991
Recent retrospective surveys have supported previous investigations in demonstrating the incidence of UTI during infancy; 0.3% to 1.2% of infants develop symptomatic UTI during the first year of life. Boys are more commonly infected during the first 3 months of life. After the first year, symptomatic UTI is much more ...
Eschenbach D A - - 1991
Ureaplasma urealyticum has been associated with low birth weight and histologic chorioamnionitis and it is a frequent isolate from the chorioamnion of patients who are delivered prematurely. In prior clinical trials using antibiotics active against U. urealyticum, antibiotic treatment was associated with reduced prematurity and increased mean birth weight. In ...
Wilde J - - 1991
To improve identification of children excreting rotavirus a method for the amplification of rotavirus RNA by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was developed. The assay was compared with a solid-phase enzyme immunoassay in the detection of rotavirus shedding by infants in hospital during the winter peak of rotavirus infections. Forty ...
Chen T F - - 1991
Peritonitis due to intraperitoneal rupture of an infected urachal cyst is a life-threatening condition, not previously reported in an infant. We report this condition in an 8-month-old infant. The child underwent complete excision of the urachal remnant and made an uneventful recovery; bacterial culture grew Staphylococcus aureus. Subsequent investigations did ...
Peckham C S - - 1991
The risk of a susceptible woman acquiring CMV infection in pregnancy is about 1% and of those who are infected about 40% will deliver infants with congenital CMV infection. About 5% of the infected infants will have manifestations of CMV infection in the newborn period and the prognosis for this ...
Broor S - - 1991
Although rubella virus and cytomegalovirus (CMV) are important causes of congenital infections, information on their prevalence in our country is scarce. We studied a total of 249 infants suspected of having congenital infections from January 1988 to September 1989. Serum samples of these infants were tested for rubella and cytomegalovirus ...
Tsaka T - - 1990
Quantitative analysis of polymorphonuclear elastase was carried out in 135 newborn infants during the first 28 days of life. In 15 neonates with septicaemia, significantly increased PMN-elastase activity (range 75 to 700 micrograms/l: P less than 0.0001) was observed at the time of recognition of infection. Cut-off level 65 micrograms/l. ...
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